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Results 251 - 300 of 471
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Valenzuela-Ramos Marco Cesar - - 2010
Neoplasms from germ cell origin are a heterogeneous group of tumors rarely seen in the pediatric population, teratoma is the most frequent among them. They can occur in either gonadal or extragonadal locations. Extragonadal teratoma arising from abdominal viscera is very unusual. There are less than a hundred reported cases ...
Hauptman Jason S - - 2010
To provide a review of current, high-impact scientific findings pertaining to the biology of cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs). A comprehensive literature review was conducted using PubMed to examine the current literature regarding the molecular biology and pathophysiology of CCMs. In this literature review, a comprehensive approach is taken to review ...
Wolf Robert - - 2010
In contrast to the recently reported cyclodimerisations of phosphaalkynes, alkynes preferably trimerise at the same low-valent iron(-I) centre.
Shen Zhu Jun - - 2010
Failure to cross with a balloon is a well recognised cause of failure to recanalise a chronic total occlusion (CTO) despite successfully positioning a guidewire into the distal true lumen. One technique that is infrequently used currently is excimer laser assisted coronary intervention. We report a patient with CTO in ...
Hurov Jack - - 2009
This narrative review is intended to provide hand and upper extremity therapists, who occasionally treat patients with shoulder diagnoses, with several current concepts related to normal shoulder anatomy and function. It is hoped that this review will be useful for 1) appreciating patho-anatomy and pathophysiology, 2) planning treatment approaches, and ...
Robb Megan - - 2009
The TASER is a conducted electricity device currently being introduced to the Australian and New Zealand police forces as an alternative to firearms in dealing with violent and dangerous individuals. It incapacitates the subject by delivering rapid pulses of electricity causing involuntary muscle contraction and pain. The use of this ...
Mersbach Kathryn - - 2010
An aneurysm of the portion of the right atrium classically referred to as the subeustachian sinus is reported in a 75-year-old man with cardiac amyloidosis, AL phenotype, related to underlying multiple myeloma. A review of literature confirms the rarity of nonseptal right atrial aneurysms and their propensity to involve the ...
Chatterjee D N - - 2009
Primary small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SNEC) of nose and paranasal sinuses is an extremely rare malignant tumour known for its aggressive clinical course, high rate of recurrence and poor prognosis. Only 69 cases have been reported in world literature till March, 2006. This tumour usually occurs in elderly persons with ...
Singaraju Vamsi M - - 2009
Nonunion of humerus fractures is an extensively reviewed topic in orthopedic literature. The current case describes the successful outcome of a hypertrophic nonunion in a patient who chose not to undergo any intervention when the nonunion was identified and the treatment options were discussed with him. Hence this case report ...
Davis Charles C - - 2008
Recent studies clarifying the closest relatives of the world's largest flowers, Rafflesiaceae, whose floral diameters range from approximately 11 to approximately 100 cm, indicated that they evolved from tiny-flowered ancestors in a burst of floral gigantism. New data now suggest that floral size evolution within Rafflesiaceae may be more dynamic ...
Katta Jayanth - - 2008
A brief review of the advances in the biotribology of articular cartilage in the last decade or so are presented. The review is limited to experimental friction and wear studies involving articular cartilage. The importance of developing in vitro models as tools not only to understand the cartilage tribological characteristics, ...
Park Jong-Su - - 2008
Aneurysms are very rarely encountered in the distal posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA). The authors experienced 5 cases with a distal PICA aneurysm among 368 cases of intracranial aneurysms during the period from January 2003 to January 2008. Here, the authors describe their clinical and surgical experiences and include a ...
Peuchmaur Marine - - 2008
Diversity-Oriented Synthesis (DOS) aims to broaden the frontier of accessible collections of complex and diverse small molecules. This review endeavours to dissect the DOS concept through three elements of diversity: building block, stereochemistry, and skeleton. Recent examples in the literature that emphasize the efficient combinations of these elements to generate ...
McGlashan T H - - 2008
Efforts emerged to describe, quantify, and predict prognosis once it became clear that the outcomes of Kraepelinian dementia praecox could vary. The concepts and scales that have evolved focus on types of premorbid adjustment and illness onset. Enduring highlights of this literature will be described, and its current and future ...
Kaya Serdar - - 2008
Brucellosis is a multisystem disease that may present with a large spectrum of clinical manifestations. Only five cases of intracranial aneurysm formation and/or subarachnoidal hemorrhage associated with brucellosis have been reported. In this paper, we take the opportunity to review these reports and present a new case of basilar artery ...
Mann Margaret W - - 2008
Although suction-assisted liposuction under tumescent anesthesia remains the traditional method for body sculpting, newer technologies promise to increase efficiency, decrease surgeon fatigue, and minimize complication. Power-, ultrasound-, and laser-assisted devices are ideal in large volume cases and in areas of fibrous tissues as an adjunct to traditional liposuction. Although skepticism ...
Tichansky D S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: With the increase in minimally invasive surgery (MIS) fellowships, the concept of the ideal and standardized training curriculum is emerging in importance. The authors hypothesize that the procedure mix in current MIS training is different from what current MIS fellows would expect for their "ideal" fellowship. METHODS: An anonymous ...
Salimnia Hossein - - 2008
This paper reports a case of sepsis associated with a previously unknown Atopobium species and highlights the role of 16S ribosomal subunit sequencing in the rapid identification of slow-growing or atypical organisms in the clinical laboratory.
Yokota Kazuhiro - - 2008
We report a patient with vasculo-Behçet's disease treated successfully with a high dose of prednisolone. In 2002, the patient was diagnosed with vasculo-Behçet's disease. He was admitted to our hospital because of sudden-onset right lower back pain in June 2006. Upon admission, abdominal angiography revealed aneurysmal dilatations of the celiac ...
Kirsch-Darrow Lindsey - - 2008
Chronic deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an important therapeutic advancement for the treatment of motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, its effects on non-motor symptoms are not well understood. Several studies have reported motivational disturbances and apathy after DBS surgery. Recent studies are beginning to more carefully examine the ...
Park Jeong Mi - - 2008
Although the concept of triangulation of breast lesions has been well-defined in the literature, it is still frequently misunderstood or applied incorrectly. We provide a review of the basic concept, discuss common misapplications of triangulation and the reasons they happen, and demonstrate typical and exceptional cases, as well as mammography-ultrasound ...
Salukhe Tushar V - - 2008
Myopotential oversensing in implantable defibrillators causing inhibition of pacing and inappropriate therapies is well described. Current literature is dominated by reports of diaphragmatic muscle as the source of such far-field oversensing. Those reporting pectoral muscle sources were invariably due to unipolar sensing circuits, incorrect DF-1 connections or inappropriate programming. We ...
Chowdri Nisar A - - 2007
Buschke Lowenstein tumour or giant condyloma acuminata is a rare entity with only less then 50 cases reported in English literature so far. No such case has been reported from the Kashmir valley. They are considered as intermediate lesions between simple condyloma acuminata and invasive squamous cell carcinoma. A 57-year-old ...
Saha Somnath - - 2007
Synovial sarcoma is a rare tumour of head and neck. It was first described by Pack and Ariel in 1950. Synovial sarcoma is said to be the commonest sarcoma of hands and feet and they are usually found adjacent to the articular surfaces. They rarely occur in extra-articular sites originating ...
Kipps C M CM Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, - - 2007
The diagnosis of the behavioural variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) can be challenging. At present there is a paucity of prospective work addressing the specificity of current diagnostic criteria for bvFTD with respect to long-term outcome (i.e., false positives versus true positives). Here we report two individuals who met current ...
Zhen-Sheng M - - 2007
Online case discussion may be used for the education of orthopaedic surgeons. The authors developed a website for discussing orthopaedic cases nine years ago and describe its management. It currently has 20,000 registered users.
Guldbakke K K - - 2007
Naevus comedonicus (NC) is a rare developmental anomaly, with < 200 cases reported in the literature. It usually occurs on the face, neck or chest, appearing as groups of closely arranged dilated follicular openings with keratin plugs. Several associations have been made in the literature. We review the current literature, ...
Iorizzo Matilde - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The number of people affected by onychomycosis continues to increase. The prevalence of different pathogens in different areas depends on several factors, such as climate, geography and migration. We reviewed the recent literature to identify new agents responsible for onychomycosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies performed in different ...
Flores Roberto L - - 2007
Successful nonextremity replantations, particularly of the facial anatomy and testicles, are rare procedures, and only a handful of cases have been reported. This article reviews the current literature in nonextremity replantations and representative cases performed at the authors' institution. Certain underlying themes and problems are consistently encountered in the surgical ...
Siebenhaar F - - 2007
Acquired cold urticaria (ACU) is a frequent subtype of physical urticaria that is caused by the release of proinflammatory mast cell mediators after cold exposure. Although the underlying causes of ACU still remain to be clarified in detail, a wide range of diseases has been reported to be associated with ...
F. O. Lenzmann
This review describes recent advances in the research on dye-sensitized solar cells. After a brief discussion of the general operation principles and a presentation of record efficiencies, stability data and key technology drivers, current trends will be reviewed. The focus of this review is on materials development (sensitizers, nanostructured oxide ...
Bowler J V - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) has superseded vascular dementia and multi-infarct dementia as the concept to be used in cognitive decline due to cerebrovascular disease. METHOD: The literature was reviewed with regard to the concept of VCI and its incidence, pathophysiological substrate, clinical features and management. RESULTS: A change in ...
Pan K L - - 2006
We report a case of an 11-year-old boy with osteosarcoma of the proximal humerus treated with wide excision and reconstruction with a cement spacer-prosthesis. After seven years of follow-up, the patient is now almost a young adult. We present his current physical and functional status, which seems to defray the ...
Srinivas Shankar - - 2006
The Anterior Visceral Endoderm is an extraembryonic tissue that plays a pivotal role during embryogenesis, being responsible for the proper orientation of the anterior-posterior axis of the embryo and for appropriate pattering of adjacent embryonic tissue. In this review I discuss the formation and migration of the AVE, and attempt ...
Bining H J S - - 2006
Most osteoarticular infections in children are due to Staphylococcus aureus. In this case, the isolation of Kingella kingae by image guided disc aspiration resulted in modification and optimization of treatment. We take a look at a case of spondylodiscitis in a young child and review some of the current literature ...
Podovei Mihaela - - 2006
The epidemiology and current understanding of the pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome is reviewed, beginning with a historical perspective. The roles of genetics, environment, allergy, infection and inflammation, bacterial overgrowth, hormones and motility abnormalities are discussed. Using the current evidence-based literature, the practical approach of diagnosis and treatment is outlined, ...
Rajenderkumar D - - 2007
Dehiscence of the semicircular canal is an uncommon condition and has been reported to involve the roof of the superior semicircular canal. We describe a case with dehiscence of four semicircular canals and in areas not involving the roof of the superior semicircular canal. Features that assist the diagnosis of ...
De Gaetano A M - - 2006
We describe two cases of thrombosed extrahepatic portal vein aneurysms diagnosed by sonography, CT, and MRI. Portal vein aneurysm is a rare clinical entity described as focal dilatation that can affect both intra- and extrahepatic portal branches. Though usually asymptomatic, thrombosis can lead to portal hypertension. Clinical and imaging characteristics ...
Koutlaki N - - 2006
Despite inferior results in the past compared with embryo freezing, oocyte cryopreservation has made great strides in recent years. In fact, it has become a necessity in assisted reproduction technology, providing alternatives to legal, moral and religious problems originating from embryo freezing. Recent advances in freezing technology, modifications of conventional ...
Ferron Laurent - - 2006
The optical rotation sign/absolute configuration relationships of several alpha-methyl-alpha-arylglycines have been reinvestigated by crystallographic methods, as they have been found to be inconsistent in recent literature. Assignments previously made by enzymatic resolution, by analogy with natural tertiary aminoacids were found to be erroneous in the case of these quaternary aminoacids.
Gupta Manish - - 2006
Angiofibroma is a histologically benign but locally invasive tumour of the blood vessels characterized by architecturally irregular vessels set in a fibrous stroma. The commonest site for occurrence of these tumours in the body is the nasopharynx. It is rare to find extranasopharyngeal origin of angiofibromas. The infratemporal fossa is ...
Rajan K V - - 2006
Solitary fibrous tumours (SFT), formerly known as benign fibrous mesothelioma, are rare mesenchymal spindle cell neoplasms, originally described in the pleura, but now found to arise in many other locations such as mediastinum, urogenital tract, face, nose, paranasal sinuses, orbit, meninges, ear, buccal mucosa, tongue, salivary gland etc. It was ...
Agarwal Kiran - - 2006
Haemangiopericytoma is a rare vascular tumour accounting for about 1% of vascular tumours of the body. We report a case involving left maxillary region, its management along with review of literature.
Newman David J - - 2006
This is a mini-review demonstrating that investigation of the genomics of marine microbes from all three domains has the potential to revolutionize the search for secondary metabolites originally thought to be the product of marine invertebrates. The basis for the review was a symposium at the 2005 Annual Meeting of ...
Evans Amlyn L - - 2006
We present a case report of a 56-year-old woman with a ruptured fusiform aneurysm of a fenestrated A(1) segment of the anterior cerebral artery (ACA). Fenestrated A(1) segments are rare and only a few case reports have been published of a saccular type aneurysm formation. To the best of our ...
Franchini Massimo - - 2006
Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) (NovoSeven) is a novel hemostatic agent originally developed to treat bleeding episodes in hemophilic patients with inhibitors against coagulation factors VIII and IX. In recent years, rFVIIa has also been employed for the management of uncontrolled bleeding in a number of congenital and acquired hemostatic ...
Sułowicz Władysław - - 2006
Pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) emerged recently as the potentially life-threatening condition secondary to anti-Epo antibodies. Vast majority of cases were reported from Western European countries and were secondary to subcutaneous injections of Epoietin alpha. Here we describe possibly for the first time in the literature the case of PRCA ...
Golda Nicholas - - 2006
Recently, the biologics have emerged as a new class of drugs for systemic therapy of psoriasis with efalizumab (Raptiva) being one of the most recently FDA-approved agents. We report a case of a 34-year-old Caucasian male who experienced psoriasis rebound during a 7-week lapse in treatment with subcutaneous efalizumab 0.8 ...
Bozzetto-Ambrosi Patricia - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pseudoaneuryms of the MMA are rare lesions, accounting for less than 1% of all intracranial aneurysms. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report a case of a spontaneous intracerebral hematoma that DSA revealed as ispilateral traumatic PMMA. The lesion was managed through an endovascular approach, and definitive embolization of pseudoaneurysm and parent ...
Wilson Stephen J - - 2005
Sepsis remains a significant problem and cause of morbidity and mortality in intensive care. Vasopressin infusions are currently used as rescue therapy for the treatment of vasodilatory, catecholamine-resistant septic shock. At present, there are no large randomised, controlled trials in the literature investigating vasopressin in this role, although two such ...
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