Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 467
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Steinmann Scott P - - 2011
Hemiarthroplasty involves replacement of the distal portion of the humerus without replacement of the ulna. This article reviews the literature on hemiarthroplasty of the ulnohumeral and radiocapitellar joints. It discusses the indications and outcomes of the technique and summarizes the author's experiences and results.
Sporniak-Tutak Katarzyna - - 2011
Temporomandibular joint ankylosis is defined as bony or fibrous adhesion of the anatomic joint components accompanied by a limitation in opening the mouth, causing difficulties with mastication, speaking and oral hygiene as well as inadvertently influencing mandibular growth. Surgical treatment procedures include arthroplasty of the joint cavity with or without ...
Jain Sanjay K - - 2011
Haemangiomas account for approximately 1% of all bone tumours and commonly involve the skull and the vertebrae Dorfman et al. (Human Pathol 2:349-376, 1971). Rare costal originated haemangiomas have been reported as a case report in literature Clements et al. (Am Surgeon 64:1027-1029, 1998), Filosso et al. (J Cardiovasc Surg ...
Cai J - - 2011
Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is an uncommon benign proliferative disorder of synovium that may involve joints, tendon sheaths, and bursae. It most often affects the knees, and less frequently involves other joints. It presents in the temporomandibular joints (TMJs) extremely rarely. The authors report an elderly female patient with PVNS ...
Chakravarti Arunabh - - 2011
Teratomas of the head and neck due to their obscure origin, bizarre microscopic appearance, unpredictable behaviour and often dramatic clinical presentation are a clinical surprise. This article focuses on pediatric head and neck teratomas and on their diversity and rarity and also reviews the recent terminology of this group of ...
Mouterde Gaël - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To describe the means of optimizing methotrexate therapy for rheumatoid arthritis in daily clinical practice, based on a systematic literature review. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the literature by searching the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases and reviewing communications to ACR and EULAR meetings for studies on methotrexate starting dosages, ...
Alemán Navas R M - - 2011
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocation can be classified into four groups (anterior, posterior, lateral, and superior) depending on the direction of displacement and the location of the condylar head. All the groups are rare except for anterior dislocation. 'Inverse' TMJ dislocation is a bilateral anterior and superior dislocation with impaction of ...
Romañach Mário José - - 2011
Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is an aggressive proliferative lesion that usually involves the synovial tissues of big joints. To date, there are ∼52 cases of PVNS affecting the temporomandibular joint reported in the English-language literature, about one-third of them exhibiting intracranial involvement. We herein describe an additional case of PVNS ...
Thevissen Kristof - - 2011
Our aim was to systematically review the literature on the diagnostic and prognostic value of synovial biopsy in undifferentiated peripheral inflammatory arthritis (UPIA) as an evidence base for generating clinical practice recommendations. The results lead to multinational recommendations in the 3e Initiative in Rheumatology. We performed a systematic literature review ...
Li Xue Feng - - 2011
Study Design. Case report.Objective. Here we present a rare case of chronic C1-2 dislocation with absence of odontoid process that underwent posterior C1-2 arthrodesis using C1 hooks and C2 pedicle screws.Summary of Background Data. C1-2 dislocation is a rare but fatal upper cervical injury. To date, there have been many ...
Amaral Márcio Bruno - - 2011
Abstract -  Superolateral dislocation of the intact mandibular condyle (SDIMC) is rare. This case report focuses on a 15-year-old teenager who was involved in a motor vehicle accident as well a literature review regarding the SDIMC. Clinical examination demonstrated a diffuse edema in the midfacial area and a left lateral deflection ...
Hakozaki Michiyuki - - 2011
Although calcium pyrophosphate dehydrate (CPPD) deposition disease, including pseudogout, is a relatively common disease affecting the major joints, especially the knee, pseudogout in the acromioclavicular (AC) joint is very uncommon. We describe two cases of acute pseudogout attacks of the AC joint in elderly patients. Radiological findings showed chondrocalcinosis in ...
Perumal C J CJ Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Oral Health Sciences, University of Limpopo, Medunsa, Limpopo South - - 2013
Odontomas are the most common benign tumours of odontogenic origin. Due to their hamartomatous nature, they are usually asymptomatic but can cause impaction of one or more teeth. They consist microscopically of all the tissue types found in a developed tooth. We present a case of a large sequestrating complex ...
Inkster Teresa - - 2011
A case of septic arthritis post anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction secondary to Clostridium sporogenes is described in a 19-year-old man. C sporogenes is a rare clinical pathogen and this is believed to be the first case of septic arthritis due to the organism. The patient responded to arthroscopic washout, synovectomy ...
Pekarek Brian - - 2011
Intra-articular corticosteroid injections are frequently used in the management of both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, with most evidence and articles confined to the knee joint. There are few articles that deal with intra-articular corticosteroid injections in the foot and ankle. The aim of this critical literature review is to find ...
Peters James E - - 2011
The purpose of this is case-based review is to report a series of patients with rheumatoid arthritis who developed stridor and highlight this potentially life-threatening manifestation of the disease. We report three cases from the Rheumatology Department of University College Hospital, London and review the literature on the prevalence, clinical ...
Singisetti Kiran - - 2011
We describe here an unusual case of volar dislocation of the radiocarpal joint due to a complete tear of the dorsal radiocarpal ligament. Plain radiographs taken at initial presentation did not reveal any obvious abnormality. There was no associated bony lesion or intrinsic wrist ligament injury. Radiocarpal dislocations should be ...
Norris Byron K - - 2011
To discuss the incidence, diagnosis, laryngeal findings, and management of arytenoid dislocation as a separate entity from vocal fold paralysis. Literature review. A contemporary review of the literature was performed by searching the terms arytenoid cartilage dislocation and subluxation in various combinations. Articles were analyzed and selected based on relevance ...
Hou Zhiyong - - 2011
Pelvic dislocations are rare during labor, and the treatment is controversial. We report two cases of young women who sustained postpartum disruption of the pelvic ring: one case is an 8.8 cm wide separation of the pubic symphysis with sacroiliac joint disruption underwent surgical stabilization and the second case with ...
Phelan Eimear - - 2011
We report an unusual and rare cause of preauricular swelling and review the most recent literature concerning synovial osteochondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint. We report the clinical and radiologic findings of a case of synovial osteochondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint that presented as preauricular swelling in a female patient. This ...
Steckler David D - - 2011
A congenital granular cell tumour is rare, and presents in newborns as a mass arising from the alveolus. While its pathogenesis is unclear, it has no malignant potential and may, occasionally, spontaneously regress postpartum. Successful treatment usually consists of conservative simple excision.
Brettschneider Christian - - 2011
"Patient-Reported Outcome" (PRO) is used as an umbrella term for different concepts for measuring subjectively perceived health status e. g. as treatment effects. Their common characteristic is, that the appraisal of the health status is reported by the patient himself. In order to describe the informative value of PRO in ...
Ramakrishnan Y - - 2011
Neurogenic tumours of the larynx, particularly schwannomas are rare. We report a case report of a schwannoma in a 30-year-old woman which was excised endoscopically. The aim of this paper is to highlight this rare condition and management options to the otolaryngological community.
Conte-Neto Nicolau - - 2011
Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) is a clinical condition characterized by the presence of exposed bone in the maxillofacial region. Its pathogenesis is still undetermined, but may be associated with risk factors such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The aim of this paper is to report two unpublished cases of ...
Coombs Ac A John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, - - 2011
Ameloblastoma is a benign odontogenic tumour which commonly recurs after initial surgery; most recurrences occur at the site of the primary tumour. A rare case of recurrence of a maxillary ameloblastoma in the frontal sinuses is presented. To our knowledge there are no previous reports in the literature of a ...
Lim L L Royal Albert Edward Infirmary, Wigan, - - 2011
We report a rare case of small bowel infarction due to superior mesenteric artery occlusion secondary to cardiac tumour embolism. To our knowledge, this has not been previously reported in the literature. This case highlights a rare case and reviews current knowledge on the subject.
Prabhakar V - - 2010
Dislocation of the temporomandibular joint occurs when the mandibular condyle is displaced anteriorly beyond the articular eminence and represents 3% of all dislocated joints reported in the body. Superolateral dislocation of the condyle into the temporal fossa is well documented in the literature, but anterosuperior dislocation without an associated fracture ...
Siddiqui Mashfiqul A - - 2011
Knee locking is often caused by a torn meniscus or loose body. A rare cause of knee locking is a superior dislocation of the patella following trauma with less than 20 reported cases in the English literature. An unusual case of a locked knee secondary to interlocking osteophytes between the ...
Petrov Dmitriy - - 2010
An asymptomatic enlargement of the medial clavicle is a condition that is often both missed and misdiagnosed. We review the most common causes of an isolated and asymptomatic enlargement of the medial clavicle. Underlying aetiologies include osteoarthritis of the sternoclavicular joint, condensing osteitis, spontaneous dislocation of the sternoclavicular joint, and ...
Yang Chen - - 2010
Posterolateral rotatory instability of the elbow describes a condition that radial head subluxation or dislocation occurs when forearm rotates externally in relation to humerus. It is difficult to diagnose and treat. We reported a typical case which was confirmed by physical examination and MR images. Ligamentous insufficiency was confirmed under ...
Christie Anne - - 2011
Objective. To assess beneficial and harmful effects of arthroplasty in the shoulder joint in patients with RA. Methods. A systematic review within the framework of the Cochrane Collaboration identified randomized controlled trials (RCTs), controlled clinical trials and case series (included for assessment of complications) published between 1995 and 2008. Articles ...
Mas-Ballesté Rubén - - 2011
This review is an attempt to illustrate the different alternatives in the field of 2D materials. Graphene seems to be just the tip of the iceberg and we show how the discovery of alternative 2D materials is starting to show the rest of this iceberg. The review comprises the current ...
Gomes Eduardo Amaral - - 2010
Although there are not many reports in literature, iliopectineal bursitis presents clinically with signs and symptoms frequently found in outpatient services and practice. Its clinical presentation is anterior hip pain that worsens with the extension, abduction and internal rotation of the hip. The diagnosis is confirmed by ultrasound or magnetic ...
Murphy J T - - 2010
Inverted papilloma is locally aggressive tumour which typically presents as a unilateral nasal polyp. Whilst it has a malignant potential it rarely transforms and in its benign form the main concern originates from its locally aggressive nature and substantial propensity to recur. Bilateral disease can also be due to inverted ...
McKechnie Anne Chevalier - - 2010
Nipple shields have become commonplace in the United States for a wide range of breastfeeding problems. This article is a summary of the current literature describing the evidence for nipple shield use. The authors reviewed all available articles on nipple shields and selected 13 studies for inclusion. The studies were ...
Ozçelik Ismail Bülent - - 2010
Synovial chondromatosis is an uncommon condition, characterized by multinodular cartilagineous proliferation of the joint synovium. There are only a few case reports of synovial chondromatosis involving the hand in the literature. A case of synovial chondromatosis of the ring finger is reported in this paper.
Wright David D I - - 2010
Foam sclerotherapy is not a defined procedure nor is the product uniform or licensed for use but it is now accepted practice in most territories worldwide. Foam sclerotherapy has been used to treat a wide range of venous conditions from the closure of incompetent great saphenous trunk veins to telangiectasia ...
Rosliza G - - 2010
We present a rare case of a multifocal sclerosing haemangioma of the lung in a 49-year-old lady. A left pneumonectomy with complete excision of the tumour seems to be the curative treatment. The recent literature on this unusual presentation is reviewed.
Peh W C - - 2010
An invited review provides a detailed and comprehensive narrative analysis of recent developments in a specific topic, and highlights important points that have been previously published. It usually consists of a short unstructured abstract, introduction, subheadings to organise the topic, and a summary. The text is usually relatively long compared ...
Aldrich Rebecca M - - 2011
Abstract Scholars in occupational therapy and occupational science often reference well-being when discussing treatment goals or occupational engagement, but the various meanings of this reference remain unexamined in current literature. This paper reports the results of a literature review of five journals and five monographs in the occupational therapy and ...
BiaƂoszewski Dariusz - - 2010
This paper is a review of the available current literature aiming to present the current knowledge of the efficacy of spa treatment. Individual papers are analysed in terms of their scientific reliability and compliance with the principles of evidence-based medicine. The analysis has been performed on the basis of Sackett's ...
Giuliano E A - - 2010
Neoplastic adnexal disease represents one of the most frequently encountered and therapeutically challenging ophthalmic problems of horses. This paper reviews current concepts in equine periocular neoplasia. Specifically, a literature-based review of the aetiopathogenesis of the most common tumours to affect the equine eyelid (squamous cell carcinoma, sarcoid, melanoma and lymphosarcoma) ...
Chan Veronica H T - - 2010
There are many limitations with respect to anticoagulants currently used in standard paediatric practice for prophylaxis and treatment of thrombosis: heparin, low molecular-weight heparin, and warfarin. Factors such as pharmacokinetic and dosing variability are further exacerbated by properties of the immature haemostatic system of children. These shortcomings necessitate exploring alternative ...
Costello Bernard J - - 2010
This article discusses the recent advances and basic concepts of skeletal anchorage devices of various types and reviews the current literature on their use. Temporary skeletal anchorage devices allow orthodontic movements that were previously thought to be difficult if not impossible. Much like the concepts introduced during the beginnings of ...
Schultz Stephen T - - 2010
This report reviews current literature regarding the association of the pharmaceutical preservative thimerosal and other mercury exposures with the risk for autism. The evidence presented here does not support a causal association between autism and mercury exposure from the preservative thimerosal. The risk for autism from other mercury exposures such ...
Ndlovu D - - 2010
Tubular ectasia of the rete testis (TERT) is a rare benign condition of the testis due to dilatation of the tubules of the rete testis. It must be differentiated from neoplastic disease of the testis clinically by patient's age, mode of presentation, tumour marker status and characteristic ultrasound and colour ...
Valenzuela-Ramos Marco Cesar - - 2010
Neoplasms from germ cell origin are a heterogeneous group of tumors rarely seen in the pediatric population, teratoma is the most frequent among them. They can occur in either gonadal or extragonadal locations. Extragonadal teratoma arising from abdominal viscera is very unusual. There are less than a hundred reported cases ...
Hauptman Jason S - - 2010
To provide a review of current, high-impact scientific findings pertaining to the biology of cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs). A comprehensive literature review was conducted using PubMed to examine the current literature regarding the molecular biology and pathophysiology of CCMs. In this literature review, a comprehensive approach is taken to review ...
Wolf Robert - - 2010
In contrast to the recently reported cyclodimerisations of phosphaalkynes, alkynes preferably trimerise at the same low-valent iron(-I) centre.
Shen Zhu Jun - - 2010
Failure to cross with a balloon is a well recognised cause of failure to recanalise a chronic total occlusion (CTO) despite successfully positioning a guidewire into the distal true lumen. One technique that is infrequently used currently is excimer laser assisted coronary intervention. We report a patient with CTO in ...
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