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Aspinwall Lisa G - - 2012
We tested whether expert testimony concerning a biomechanism of psychopathy increases or decreases punishment. In a nationwide experiment, U.S. state trial judges (N = 181) read a hypothetical case (based on an actual case) where the convict was diagnosed with psychopathy. Evidence presented at sentencing in support of a biomechanical ...
Holobinko Anastasia - - 2012
Forensic human identification techniques are successful if they lead to positive personal identification. However, the strongest personal identification is of no use in the prosecution - or vindication - of an accused if the associated evidence and testimony is ruled inadmissible in a court of law. This review examines the ...
Zenilman Jeremy C - - 2012
We postulated that a closed claim review of surgical cases would identify not only the quality of care elements but also factors that will predict successful legal outcomes. One hundred eighty-seven closed surgical cases from a single carrier, which insured physicians practicing in 4 university hospitals in New York State, ...
Bozkurt Selen - - 2012
Structured reporting uses consistent ordering of results and standardized terminology to improve the quality and reduce the complexity of radiology reports. We sought to define a generalized approach for radiology reporting that produces flexible outline-style reports, accommodates structured information and named reporting elements, allows reporting terms to be linked to ...
Reid William H - - 2012
The private forensic work discussed here is performed as an "expert" or "expert witness," defined in law as a person who is allowed to offer opinions to a court. One should not be an expert in forensic matters that involve one's own patients. Initial communication with the potential retaining entity ...
Rufino Katrina A - - 2012
Researchers recently found that Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R; Hare, 2003) scores reported by state experts were much higher than those reported by defense experts in sexually violent predator cases pursued for civil commitment (Murrie, Boccaccini, Johnson, & Janke, 2008), which raised the question of which scores were more accurate. In this ...
Domingues A R - - 2011
SUMMARYSalmonella is an important cause of human illness. Disease is frequently associated with foodborne transmission, but other routes of exposure are recognized. Identifying sources of disease is essential for prioritizing public health interventions. Numerous case-control studies of sporadic salmonellosis have been published, often using different methodologies and settings. Systematic reviews ...
Hoog A H Van't - - 2011
Chest radiographs (CXRs) are used in tuberculosis (TB) prevalence surveys to identify participants for bacteriological examination. Expert readers are rare in most African countries. In our survey, clinical of cers scored CXRs of 19 216 participants once. We assessed to what extent missed CXR abnormalities affected our TB prevalence estimate. ...
Kumar Sanjay - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TSC) and its complications, such as cardiac rupture (CR), are increasingly being reported in the literature. CR is associated with rapid clinical decline and is uniformly fatal if not surgically repaired. To identify patients who developed CR we performed an analysis of all available indexed cases in ...
Kamata Kotoe - - 2011
The demand for general anesthesia in pediatric radiosurgery has been increasing, but the issues involved are not highlighted well in the medical literature. We developed remotely controlled monitoring and anesthesia techniques, and applied our system to three pediatric patients who underwent Gamma Knife radiosurgery with automated settings. Based on the ...
Kaplan Peter W - - 2011
There is a long-recognized association between obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and chronic epilepsy, most notably refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). The literature documents this association with case reports, patient series, and some larger controlled studies that reveal that almost a quarter of patients with TLE exhibit OCD features, which may go ...
Vathesatogkit Prakit - - 2011
This review of legislation, obstacles faced, and challenges to be met, outlines present tobacco control lessons learnt in Thailand. A review of over twenty years of tobacco control experience in Thailand is provided in seven areas including policy formulation and the role of civil society, as well as in essential ...
Abernathy Emily S - - 2011
The suspected measles case definition captures rubella cases. Therefore, measles surveillance will be improved in the course of the control and eventual elimination of rubella transmission. One aspect of rubella control, virologic surveillance, is reviewed here. A systematic nomenclature for rubella viruses (RVs) based on 13 genotypes has been established ...
Kumar Jessica - - 2011
Candida parapsilosis is an uncommon cause of invasive endocarditis. This pathogen induces severe complications and carries a high mortality rate. We describe a case of C. parapsilosis endocarditis in a 54-year-old man with a history of HIV and Hepatitis C infection who previously underwent prosthetic valve replacement due to bacterial ...
Patil Ritesh - - 2011
Coagulase negative staphylococci are skin commensals and are generally disregarded as contaminants in clinical specimens. Repeated isolation of coagulase negative staphylococci in blood cultures should warrant a species identification to recognize unusually virulent organisms that demand aggressive treatment, such as Staphylococcus lugdunensis. Staphylococcus lugdunensis is known to cause a wide ...
Ali Mohammed - - 2011
Abstract Neisseria meningitidis is the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in children and young adults, with an overall mortality rate of up to 25%, but it is a rare cause of infective endocarditis. We present herein a case of N. meningitidis meningitis complicated with infective endocarditis.
Hubka Vit V Department of Botany, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic. - - 2011
Chaetomium species have been rarely described as aetiological agents of invasive and dermatomycotic infections in humans. The majority of cases have been reported within the last two decades. Treatment failed in most of these cases. In this paper we present two cases in which Chaetomium spp. can be clearly identified ...
Kragh John F JF - - 2011
Given the recent success of emergency tourniquets, limb exsanguination is no longer the most common cause of preventable death on the battlefield; hemorrhage amenable to truncal tourniquets now is. The purpose of the present study is to discuss the gaps today in battlefield hemorrhage control and candidate solutions in order ...
Lázaro M - - 2011
M. Lázaro, A. Ramos, P. Ussetti, A. Asensio, R. Laporta, E. Muñez, I. Sánchez-Romero, E. Tejerina, R. Burgos, V. Moñivas, A. Varela. Aspergillus endocarditis in lung transplant recipients: case report and literature review. Transpl Infect Dis 2011: 13: 186-191. All rights reserved Abstract: We present a case of endocarditis caused ...
Al-Sweih Noura N Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Shuwaikh, - - 2011
Kodamaea (Pichia) ohmeri is a yeast-like fungus that has recently emerged as an important etiologic agent of fungemia in immunocompromised patients. We report such a case in a premature neonate born at 29 weeks of gestation. Prior to developing fungemia, she had two episodes of bacterial sepsis on day 13 ...
Ong Adrian - - 2011
Angioinvasive complications of Scedosporium infections are rare. We report two cases of mycotic aneurysm, following apparent localized infection, due to Scedosporium apiospermum and Pseudallescheria boydii. The thoracoabdominal aorta was affected in one patient, and cerebral vessels were affected in the other. Despite voriconazole therapy and surgical resection, the patients died. ...
Badali Hamid - - 2011
We report the first case of fatal brain infection in an Indian farmer caused by Thielavia subthermophila, a dematiaceous thermophilic fungus in the order Sordariales, and present a review of previous infections from this order. The patient failed amphotericin B therapy combined with surgical excision despite the drug's low MICs ...
Rüfenacht Silvia - - 2011
Mycobacterium microti infection is infrequently described in cats in the veterinary literature. It can be one of a large number of possible differential diagnoses in a feline patient with dermal nodules and non-healing draining ulcers, and can occasionally spread to involve the lungs and/or other areas of the body. This ...
Lv Gui X GX Department of Mycology, Institute of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Nanjing, PR - - 2011
We report a case of subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis caused by Corynespora cassiicola. Molecular identification of this pathogen on grasses confirms that it may be involved in human infection, as previously reported once in pre-molecular literature. In vitro antifungal susceptibility data of the strain are provided. The patient was successfully treated with ...
Kalra Ankur - - 2011
Endocarditis due to Proteus species is very rare. We report a case of endocarditis due to Proteus mirabilis that was successfully treated with ampicillin and gentamicin, and review the treatment regimens of previously published cases of Proteus endocarditis.
Veitz-Keenan Analia - - 2011
Data sourcesMedline and the Cochrane Central register of controlled trails (CENTRAL).Study selectionRandomised Controlled Trials, Controlled Clinical Trials and Cohort Studies conducted on humans investigating cannabis usage were included. Screening was performed independently by two reviewers. Only English language studies were included. Case reports, letters and historical reviews were excluded.Data extraction ...
Ceccarelli Giancarlo - - 2011
On presentation of Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis, unusual manifestations may represent the main clinical features of the disease. Isolated bacterial meningitis as the first manifestation of endocarditis is considered to be an unusual neurological complication. Here, we describe a case S. aureus endocarditis presenting as isolated meningitis and mimicking meningococcal septicaemia. ...
Johansson Marie-Louise - - 2011
Spontaneous reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) is an important method for pharmacovigilance, but under-reporting and poor quality of reports are major limitations. The aim of this study was to evaluate if repeated one-page ADR information letters affect (i) the reporting rate of ADRs and (ii) the quality of the ...
Ki Hyun Kyun - - 2011
Infective endocarditis is rarely caused by Burkholderia cepacia. This infection is known to occur particularly in immunocompromised hosts, intravenous heroin users, and in patients with prosthetic valve replacement. Most patients with Burkholderia cepacia endocarditis usually need surgical treatment in addition to antimicrobial treatment. Here, we report the case of a ...
Arslan Ferhat - - 2011
To our knowledge, there have been only six S. warneri endocarditis cases reported in the English-language literature (Medline: 1966 to April 2011). We report a case of recurrent S. warneri endocarditis in a patient with prosthetic valve and silicon mammoplasty and we also review the relevant literature.
Chan W W - - 2010
Clin Microbiol Infect ABSTRACT: We report the first case of peritonitis attributed to Mycobacterium heckeshornense. This is a rare, non-tuberculous mycobacterium that has been reported as an aetiological agent in a growing number and widening spectrum of infections.
Liu Po-Yen - - 2010
Infective endocarditis caused by Staphylococcus lugdunensis is a rare disease. Since its first description in 1988, there have only been a few reports of this disease and the causative organism. These publications were primarily case reports and brief case series. We conducted a literature review to identify the nature of ...
Tsutsumi Takahiko - - 2010
Escherichia coli is a rare cause of bacterial endocarditis. We report a case of an elderly man with cirrhosis who developed bacterial endocarditis due to E.coli. We review the literature that summarizes a total of 41 cases, with a predominance of elderly women, diabetics, and patients with urinary tract infections ...
Tang Hua - - 2011
Schwannomas of the intercostal nerve, typically, are solitary and rarely originate from the mediastinum. Here, we describe two cases of multiple schwannomas occurring within a single costal interval. Both patients were misdiagnosed prior to surgery, and the correct diagnosis was made by pathological examination following surgery. Upon retrospective review of ...
Laveaux C - - 2011
When traumatic collateral palmar digital nerve defect occurs, emergency venous grafting is an alternative to the two-step nervous grafting procedure. During the course of a monocentric retrospective study, 12 cases of emergency venous grafting were reviewed by a single independent examiner 11 months, at least, post-intervention. Clinical and functional evaluation was carried ...
Allena Marta - - 2010
Primary cough headache, primary exertional headache and primary headache associated with sexual activity are distinct entities, even though they share several features: acute onset, the absence of structural brain disease and exertional factors as precipitating events. In this short review, we illustrate the possible treatment strategies on the basis of ...
Jain Ayushi - - 2010
Mixed tumors composed of schwannoma and meningiomas are extremely rare and are usually associated with neurofibromatosis-2 (NF-2). So far, all the cases reported have involved the cerebello-pontine angle. Only two cases did not have a clear association with NF-2. We report a mixed tumor comprising of meningioma admixed with schwannoma ...
Comer D M - - 2010
A case of panhypopituitarism with hypothyroid-induced deafness in a man improving with hormone replacement is reported. A review of the medical literature reveals conflicting evidence regarding the underlying mechanism and prognosis of the defect in this context, but the association with hypothyroidism is more than spurious. Sensorineuronal hearing loss was ...
Byun J Y - - 2011
Objective:We report a case of weakness of the buccal branch of the facial nerve after a canine fossa puncture procedure.Method:A case report and literature review are presented.Results:A 52-year-old woman diagnosed with right chronic maxillary sinusitis underwent canine fossa puncture during endoscopic sinus surgery. Immediately after the operation, she complained of ...
Grantz Matthew - - 2010
Peripheral neuropathy is common and has many different etiologies. This is the last of three articles that review the less-common causes of peripheral neuropathy. Part III reviews the genetically coded causes of peripheral neuropathy, including those related to amyloidosis, neoplasm, paraproteinemias, as well as autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, and x-linked ...
Grantz Matthew - - 2010
Peripheral neuropathy is common with many different etiologies. This is the first of three articles reviewing the less common causes of peripheral neuropathy. The first article includes the extrinsic causes of neuropathy including toxic/medications, infectious, nutritional, and systemic metabolic derangements. The second and third articles review the intrinsic causes of ...
Green James S - - 2010
This article presents a comprehensive narrative review of the published literature relating to ultrasound imaging relevant to anesthesia for ear, nose, and throat (ENT) surgery. The review comprises 2 main subject areas: the use of ultrasonography related to assessment and management of the airway, and the use of ultrasonography related ...
Uppal Gurmit S - - 2010
PURPOSE: To report a case of bilateral panuveitis following local treatment with Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) immunotherapy for superficial bladder carcinoma. DESIGN: Case report and literature review. METHODS: A 70-year-old female presented with severe bilateral anterior chamber inflammation 5 days after intravesical BCG instillation. Despite topical steroids and mydriatics, inflammation worsened ...
Ichimura Shinya - - 2010
Schwannomas arising from the greater petrosal nerve (GPN) are exceedingly rare: only 10 such cases have been reported in the English literature. We report on four cases of GPN schwannomas and discuss the surgical approach for their removal. Four patients with GPN schwannomas underwent surgery at Keio University Hospital. We ...
Sanna Mario - - 2011
Objective: To discuss the classification of petrous bone cholesteatoma (PBC) and add a subclassification; to review the existing literature and to propose the ideal surgical management of PBC based upon the experience of the largest series published in the literature until now. Study Design: Retrospective analysis. Setting: Quaternary referral neuro-otologic ...
Palm Melanie D - - 2010
The authors have indicated no significant interest with commercial supporters.
Naidu Giridhar S - - 2010
Schwannomas are benign tumors of nerve sheath and quite uncommon in the oral cavity. In contrast to the earlier reports in the literature, a confounding case of a lingual schwannoma presenting as a symptomatic and exophytic growth on the ventral surface of the tongue in a 12-year-old boy is discussed ...
Sharma Giriraj K - - 2010
Neuroblastoma-like schwannoma is a rare nerve sheath tumor with histological features resembling a neuroblastoma. A comprehensive literature review identified only 10 previous case reports of this condition. The authors present the first reported case of a neuroblastoma-like schwannoma at a spinal nerve root. The patient, a 61-year-old woman, presented with ...
Arkink E B - - 2010
We present a previously unreported early 18th-century description of cluster headache by the English antiquary Abraham de la Pryme (1671-1704) initially attributed to hydrophobia (rabies). We will also give a short overview of other descriptions of cluster and cluster-like headache in historical literature.
Loukas M - - 2010
Although the complex architecture of the brachial plexus (BP) has been described for decades, recent literature still aims to elucidate the variation in nerve root contributions to the BP. Understanding this variability in the nerve morphology of the BP may assist physicians and surgeons in the diagnosis and management of ...
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