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Al-Qattan M M - - 2001
This study reports on ten cases of lipofibromatous hamartoma of the median nerve, with specific references to its associated conditions. Macrodactyly was the most common associated condition and was seen in 6 cases. Two cases had associated fatty tumours and another two had bony tumours. The literature was reviewed and ...
Matoth I - - 2001
Harris first reported transient idiopathic trigeminal sensory neuropathy in 1935, although it later appeared that, in some of his patients, this condition evolved to typical chronic and painful trigeminal neuralgia. The patients who were later described by Hill and Hughes suffered a combined motor-sensory Vth cranial nerve dysfunction, and most ...
Segas J V - - 2001
Benign primary tumors of the facial nerve are frequently misdiagnosed because of the variety of their clinical manifestations. Much attention has been paid to neurilemmomas in the recent otolaryngologic literature, but far less has been focused on intraparotid facial nerve neurilemmomas. In this article, we describe a new case of ...
Lo P A - - 2001
We report a case of an intracavernous abducens nerve schwannoma presenting in a 19 year old male of Mediterranean origin. This is only the second report of an abducens nerve schwannoma located entirely within the cavernous sinus. The lesion resulted in a progressive diplopia and focal abducens palsy. The clinical, ...
Cummings M - - 2001
Percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (PENS) is a technique that has been described as a 'novel analgesic therapy'. A review was performed of the published literature in order to compare PENS with the author's knowledge and experience of the use of EA, specifically with regard to the stimulation parameters, the selection ...
Zuckerman R - - 2001
We present a case of a 78-year-old woman with abdominal-wall muscle paralysis following cutaneous herpes zoster in the T12-L1 dermatomes. An EMG confirmed paralysis, and a CT scan ruled out fascial defect. The paralysis had completely resolved 1 year later. A review of the literature regarding these unusual sequelae of ...
Buckmiller L M - - 2001
Salivary choristoma of the middle ear is a rare entity. The authors report the 26th known case, which is unique in several respects: the patient had abnormalities of the first and second branchial arches, as well as the otic capsule and facial nerve in ways not yet reported. Our patient ...
Post A F - - 2001
The authors report on the management of occipital neuralgia secondary to an abnormality of the atlas in which the posterior arch was separated by a fibrous band from the lateral masses, resulting in C-2 nerve root compression. The causes and treatments of occipital neuralgia as well as the development of ...
Tosun N - - 2001
Isolated neuropathy of the cutaneous branch of the radial nerve is a rarely recognized pathology. It was described in 1932 by Wartenberg, who suggested the name cheiralgia paraesthetica. The syndrome is described as known the entrapment of the superficial branch of the radial nerve. Many different etiologic factors for chronic ...
Prince T S - - 2001
We report a case of recurrent headaches in a woman with a workplace exposure to airborne (misted) lubricating fluid containing Stoddard solvent. For 2 months, the employee was seen by her family physician, a neurologist and an ophthalmologist. All attempted to diagnose the cause of and treat her headaches. Despite ...
Schram D J - - 2001
This case report documents an uncommon cause of bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis resulting from phrenic nerve injury during cervical chiropractic manipulation. Several months after the initial injury, our patient remains short of breath and has difficulty breathing in the supine position. Other causes of diaphragmatic paralysis and phrenic nerve injury are ...
Tong D T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The Pulfrich phenomenon can cause annoying symptoms for a patient due to a difference in interocular optic nerve conduction. There are very few reports that describe the successful use of tinted lenses as a treatment modality, while the majority of cases in the literature describe the condition without any ...
Kurca E - - 2001
Bell's palsy (BP) is a peripheral facial nerve paralysis of unknown etiology. It is not a life-threatening condition; however, incomplete recovery may leave an individual stigmatized functionally, occupationally as well as socially. Recurrent paralyses are seldom, noted in 7-8% of all BP cases. More than two BP relapses are even ...
Gálvez-Jiménez N - - 2001
Hemifacial spasm (HFS) has been defined as consisting of brief clonic jerking movements of the facial musculature, beginning in the orbicularis oculi with downward spreading to other facial muscles. HFS, perhaps the most common of the abnormal involuntary facial movements, has been classically ascribed to vascular loop compression at the ...
Rafay M A - - 2000
Vocal cord paralysis because of involvement of recurrent laryngeal nerve by benign and acute inflammatory lymphadenopathy is a rare condition. Presented here is a case of tuberculous lymphadenopathy of superior mediastinum causing left recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis, which was successfully treated by antituberculosis treatment, with complete recovery of vocal cord ...
Cara D M - - 2000
We report three cases of prolonged paralysis resulting from rapacuronium in the presence of sevoflurane.
Fischoff D K - - 2000
Systemic sclerosis is a multi-system disorder characterized by abundant fibrosis of the skin, blood vessels, and visceral organs. Although resorption of the mandible has been commonly observed and reported, we found no report of resorption leading to a painful neuropathy of the inferior alveolar nerve. We report a case of ...
Cirak B - - 2000
Trauma to the brain or calvaria may cause some cranial nerve damage. This may be transitory or permanent. Occipital condyle fracture (OCF) is a rarely encountered pathology not easily diagnosed by routine clinical and radiological evaluation and one of the causes of lower cranial nerve disability. Frequently, the hypoglossal nerve ...
Puri V - - 2000
A 53 years old male, a known case of ankylosing spondylitis having recurrent attacks of hypoglycaemia, developed symmetrical distal sensorimotor neuropathy. The neuropathy was axonal with secondary demyelination. Evidence of vasculopathy was also noted on histopathology of the nerve. Serum C-peptide level was low, a feature reported with autoimmune hypoglycaemia ...
Trifiletti R R - - 2000
Brucellosis is an infection due to Brucella species and is characterized by acute febrile illness, chilly sensations, sweats, weakness, generalized malaise, body aches and headache. The involvement of the nervous system is rare. A few cases have been reported with symptoms and sign of optic neuritis, meningoencephalitis, meningomyelitis and cranial ...
Radhakrishna H - - 2000
Herpes zoster is a common clinical condition involving cranial nerves. We encountered 3 cases in which multiple cranial nerves were involved besides the commoner ones. All the three cases were treated with acyclovir and oral steroids. Recovery of motor function was only partial in all three cases when reviewed 2 ...
Vijayakumar R - - 2000
The ulnar nerve can be injured in the arm, forearm, and wrist. This report describes a 79-year-old woman who presented to the emergency department with acute lower extremity weakness and vertigo. Her medical history was significant for moderate to severe aortic stenosis, hypertension, and a remote intravascular thrombosis in the ...
Monzillo P H - - 2000
The so-called short lasting primary headaches include heterogenic entities that can be divided between those without pronounced autonomic activation and those where this activation is evident, which includes the cluster-tic syndrome. We report five new cases with age closer to the trigeminal neuralgia's one, and concomitance of cluster headache and ...
Kumar M - - 2000
First branchial groove anomalies are very rare. We report a case of a first branchial groove anomaly presented as an infected cyst in an 11-month-old child. Management of such lesions is complicated because of their close association with the facial nerve. Surgical management must include identification and protection of the ...
Hassoun P M - - 2000
Bilateral paralysis of the diaphragm is either idiopathic or associated with several medical conditions, including trauma or thoracic surgery, viral infections, and neurologic congenital or degenerative disorders. We describe the case of a 36-year-old man with a history of neurofibromatosis who developed severe bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis from involvement of the ...
Menon V - - 2000
Cysticercosis of the optic nerve has been reported only twice in the literature. A case of optic nerve cysticercosis in a 50-year-old woman with atypical optic neuritis is reported. Computerized tomography showed a thickened left optic nerve with a ring-enhancing lesion containing an eccentric nodule. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test ...
Sato J - - 2000
Osteosarcomatosis (also known as multifocal osteosarcoma or multiple sclerotic osteosarcoma) is a rare condition, characterized by multiple skeletal lesions at initial presentation. We describe a case of osteosarcomatosis involving craniofacial bones presenting with cranial nerve palsies. In addition, a brief review of the literature is given, with a discussion of ...
Böni R - - 2000
Botulinum toxins (BTXs) comprise a family of neurotoxins designated as types A-G, which are produced by the anerobic bacterium Clostridium botulinum. BTX-A blocks the cholinergic transmission resulting in flaccid paralysis and autonomous nerve dysfunction. It has become a powerful therapeutic tool in a variety of conditions over the last decades. ...
Nowak D A - - 2000
Solitary intraneural haemangiomas are very rare. A case of intraneural capillary haemangioma involving two nerve roots of the cauda equina is reported. The patient was a 63-year-old woman with a three years history of intermittent lumbalgia and numbness of the ventral surface of the left thigh. Magnetic resonance imaging detected ...
Wyatt H V - - 1999
Although we are moving towards eradication, risks remain. The number of people at risk of polio paralysis has been seriously underestimated, as has the danger of escape of polioviruses from laboratories. Virulent strains, still used in the US, should be destroyed. Surveillance of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) and tracing suspected ...
Mannarà G M - - 1999
We present a case of subcutaneous plexiform schwannoma, a rare benign peripheral nerve sheath tumour characterized by a multinodular and plexiform growth pattern. A review of the literature was performed to identify the relationship between plexiform schwannoma and neurofibromatosis types 1 and 2, and schwannomatosis. It is also important to ...
O'Halloran H S - - 1999
We report the details of a patient with an unusual form of ophthalmoplegic migraine resulting in permanent vertical misalignment of the affected eye. The presentation, history, and ophthalmologic examination are reported as well as disease course and follow-up complications. We review the literature on ophthalmoplegic migraine with discussion regarding typical ...
Goel A - - 1999
A case of an intracranial tuberculoma located within the confines of the Meckel's cave is presented. The patient was young, non-immunocompromised and otherwise in good health. The granuloma mingled with the fibres of the trigeminal nerve. The lesion mimicked a trigeminal neurinoma in its clinical presentation, preoperative investigations and intraoperative ...
Qasho R - - 1999
Two cases of neurinoma of the Gasserian ganglion with abducens nerve paresis as the first symptom are described and 27 cases culled from the literature are reviewed. The anatomo-surgical and clinical-radiological features of this pathology were re-assessed in an attempt to identify the pathogenetic mechanism responsible for a trigeminal neurinoma ...
Westkaemper J G - - 1999
A 54-year-old woman with rheumatoid arthritis developed loss of finger extension in the left hand. History, physical examination, and electromyography led to the diagnosis of posterior interosseous nerve palsy secondary to synovitis of the elbow. Anterior decompression and synovectomy resulted in a complete recovery. A literature review describes similar cases ...
McGrail M A - - 1999
A case of common peroneal nerve palsy in a UH-60 Blackhawk U.S. Army helicopter pilot is reported. A review of the literature revealed several reports of common peroneal nerve palsy, although there were no published reports of this injury secondary to performing flight duties in the UH-60 cockpit. A common ...
To W C - - 1999
Acute stridor and bilateral vocal cord paralysis is not uncommon in the neonate but is unusual in the older child. We report the first case of bilateral vocal cord paralysis secondary to neuralgic amyotrophy, a peripheral polyneuropathy, in a 5-year-old child. An extensive workup revealed a paralyzed right hemidiaphragm, arm ...
Chow J C - - 1999
This report presents the author's experience with the Chow method for endoscopic release of the carpal ligament for carpal tunnel syndrome, with a minimum follow-up of 5 years. The report includes 116 cases (wrists) of 84 patients. The success rate for these cases is 93.3% and the recurrence rate is ...
Cumberbatch G L - - 1999
Paralysis due to hyperkalaemia is rare and the diagnosis may be overlooked in the first instance. However it is rapidly reversible and so long as electro-cardiography and serum potassium measurement are urgently done in all patients presenting with paralysis, it will not be missed. A case of hyperkalaemic paralysis is ...
Tomaino M M - - 1999
We describe a case of posterior interosseous nerve palsy that developed after application of a hinged elbow external fixation device. Our hypothesis that forearm pronation during ulnar half pin insertion may have been causative is supported by anatomic findings noted during subsequent cadaveric dissection. Based on our observations we recommend ...
Souza J W - - 1999
Substernal goiter is an infrequent occurrence and is found in two to five per cent of all patients undergoing thyroid surgery. These lesions are well known to cause respiratory symptoms and alterations in phonation due to direct compression of airway structures. Infrequently, unilateral recurrent nerve palsy has been reported in ...
Lowinger D - - 1999
Although there have been few reports of serious complications with the laryngeal mask airway, we record a case of permanent unilateral vocal cord paralysis following the use of a laryngeal mask airway and review the literature describing injuries, not only to the recurrent laryngeal nerves but also to the hypoglossal ...
Zafonte R D - - 1999
The evaluation of the person with posttraumatic headache remains a difficult clinical task. The rehabilitation clinician seeing the person with posttraumatic headache may encounter a large spectrum of potential etiologies for cephalgia. We believe an ordered approach to the history, physical, and laboratory examination may lead to a more accurate ...
Nakamura K - - 1999
We report the case of a 37-year-old woman with a history of long-standing right-sided sensorineural hearing loss who presented with an acute onset of vertigo and ipsilateral facial palsy. A computed tomographic scan study showed a stenosis of the right internal auditory canal (IAC). Neither generalized skeletal disease nor bony ...
Plowman P N - - 1999
Several review articles have compared gamma unit versus linear accelerator (linac)-based radiosurgery systems, concluding that the dose gradient 'fall-off' at the margin of the target (expressed as the distance between isodoses) is very similar for both techniques as far as single isocentre treatment volumes up to 1.5 cm diameter are ...
Pazart F - - 1999
We report a case of a severed ulnar nerve after fracture of the distal part of the radius. The most likely hypothesis is stretching of the ulnar nerve fixed by Guyon's canal and severed on the sharp edge of the proximal radius. Although very rare, this lesion must be investigated ...
Butler F K - - 1999
We report a case of a diver who suffered an episode of maxillary sinus barotrauma that presented with decreased sensation over the cutaneous distribution of the infraorbital nerve after an ascent which produced facial pain and crepitus. This case illustrates a potential confusion between a decompression sickness etiology and a ...
Nogueira A - - 1999
The authors present the case of a 53-year-old woman suffering from synovial osteochondromatosis of her right elbow responsible for ulnar and median nerve entrapment neuropathy. This condition is characterised by the formation of multiple cartilaginous nodules in the metaplastic synovium of otherwise normal joints, bursae or tendon sheaths. Treatment consisted ...
Sander H W - - 1999
Peripheral mononeuropathies occur only rarely in association with decompression illness. The sites previously reported to be affected are areas of potential entrapment in which a peripheral nerve traverses a confined area. In these instances, the pathophysiology has been presumed to be mechanical pressure in an enclosed space by a gas ...
Miller R W - - 1999
PURPOSE: To define a practice pathway for the evaluation of sixth-nerve palsies (SNPs) and to determine its cost-effectiveness and validity in a retrospective chart review. METHODS: A Medline search of the English-language literature from 1966 to 1995 was performed to define the available clinical evidence and develop the practice pathway. ...
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