Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 721
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Du Rose - - 2003
Intracranial schwannomas not arising from the facial, trigeminal, or vestibular nerves in the absence of neurofibromatosis are extremely rare. We report a case of a schwannoma arising in the region of the anterior tentorial hiatus and posterior cavernous sinus. A 17-year old girl presented with headaches and intermittent diplopia. An ...
Ferreira T - - 2003
A narrow internal auditory canal (IAC) constitutes a relative contraindication to cochlear implantation because it is associated with aplasia or hypoplasia of the vestibulocochlear nerve or its cochlear branch. We report an unusual case of a narrow, duplicated IAC, divided by a bony septum into a superior relatively large portion ...
Shneck Marina - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To report a rare, severe case of partial traumatic bilateral enucleation and its assessment and management. DESIGN: Case report and literature review. METHODS: A report of clinical and imaging findings, surgical procedure, medical treatment, and final outcome. RESULTS: Complete avulsion of the extraocular muscles and optic nerve resulted in ...
Magliulo Giuseppe - - 2003
Facial paraganglioma is an extremely rare tumor that originates from abnormal paraganglionic tissue situated in the intrapetrous facial canal. A review of the English-language literature shows that only 8 cases of facial nerve paraganglioma have been published. In each case the facial glomus presented itself sporadically, completely independent of any ...
Hatakeyama Hisato - - 2003
A 33-year-old male presented with a rare intracranial oculomotor schwannoma not associated with neurofibromatosis manifesting as an 8-month history of right oculomotor nerve paresis. Neuroimaging examinations revealed a 4-cm mass in the right crural cistern. The tumor was totally removed. The right oculomotor nerve paresis resolved 7 months after surgery. ...
Kaup A O - - 2003
This paper will discuss evidence which supports a link between 'side locked' migraine (SLM) and the trigeminal autonomic cephalgias (TACs). Recent papers brought strictly unilateral primary headaches into focus, proposing new classification and discussing pathophysiological mechanisms. We reviewed those proposals and present evidence that SLM falls in between the well-defined ...
Mockford Brian J - - 2003
Carpal tunnel syndrome caused by gout is rare. We describe a case of entrapment of the median nerve secondary to intratendinous infiltration by gouty tophi in a 54-year-old man. The tophus was excised from the profundus tendon but the superficialis was too infiltrated and destroyed to be saved. The patient ...
Sánchez-Huerta Valeria - - 2003
PURPOSE: To report a case of a primary corneal diffuse neurofibroma in a patient with von Recklinghausen disease (NF-1). METHODS: Case report. A physical examination and histopathology were performed. The immunohistochemical studies were performed using an avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex technique on formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue. Histologic sections from corneal tissue were ...
Kwiek Stanisław J - - 2003
The objective of the study was to evaluate the dependence of facial nerve paresis, as a symptom of cerebellopontine angle tumour, on the histopathological subtype of vestibular schwannoma, diagnosed from a post-operative histopathological examination. We retrospectively analysed 91 surgically treated patients with vestibular schwannoma. We studied the histopathological subtype and ...
Chatzipanagiotou S - - 2003
We present a case of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) following Campylobacter jejuni HS serotype O:19 infection in a child. Antibodies against C. jejuni and autoantibodies to the peripheral nerve gangliosides GM1 were positive, a pattern correlating well with the existence of an inflammatory neuropathy like GBS. The patient shared the HLA-B35 ...
Agarwal M - - 2003
Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty is now being used more commonly to treat single compartment disease of knee, with very encouraging results. We report on a rare case of common peroneal nerve palsy; 8 years after lateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. This palsy was caused by pressure on the common peroneal nerve, due ...
Faghihi G - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Anthrax is primarily an animal disease. Bacillus anthracis, the causal agent in anthrax, is a Gram-positive rod. Humans can acquire anthrax by industrial exposure to infected animals or animal products. METHODS: Reported here is the case of a 48-year-old male farm worker from Iran with a history of direct ...
Kharbanda P S - - 2002
Papilledema and raised intracranial pressure have been reported in association with Guillain-Barre syndrome. Papilledema is usually asympotomatic or associated with mild visual field defects, without any visual loss. The cerebrospinal fluid protein is usually reported to be high. A case of a 35 year old lady is reported, who presented ...
Oyatsi D P O - - 2002
Otitis media either acute or chronic, is not uncommon in childhood. Multiple cranial nerve palsies occuring as a complication of either form of otitis media is unusual. A case of a nine year old boy with chronic suppurative otitis media with associated mastoiditis complicated with ipsilateral multiple cranial nerve palsies ...
Rozen T D - - 2002
Recently, cluster headache has been shown to occur with aura, suggesting that as more cluster patients are seen by headache specialists new forms of this well-defined primary headache syndrome will be identified. This study presents three atypical presentations of cluster headache: persistent or unremitting cluster, periodic cluster, and reflex or ...
Aydan Köse A - - 2002
A case of immediate replantation of an avulsed scalp by microvascular anastomosis is presented. Microvascular replantation of the scalp seems to offer significant social and psychological advantages over secondary reconstructive procedures. The significance of the case presented is the regaining of the motor neural function of the facial nerve after ...
Chawla Jasvinder - - 2002
We report a case of a 6-year old girl with ring chromosome 20 syndrome whose medically intractable seizures were successfully treated with vagal nerve stimulation therapy. Medically intractable seizures are an expected part of this rare syndrome, and the dramatic improvement in seizure control with vagal nerve stimulation is emphasized. ...
Wheeler Steve D - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The first six cases of hemicrania continua and episodica in African Americans are reported, differences from previous accounts noted, and important diagnostic features described. BACKGROUND: Hemicrania continua is an indomethacin responsive chronic daily headache. Mild to moderate daily headache is strictly unilateral, constant but fluctuating. Superimposed severe headache attacks ...
Voudris Konstantinos A - - 2002
A 12-month-old boy with progressive cranial nerve palsies followed by ventilatory failure demanding artificial ventilation, generalized muscle weakness, and rapid progression to death at the age of 21 months is described. The patient had normal early development and also apparently normal hearing at presentation of illness but, after 6 months ...
Ghiotto Natascia - - 2002
Hypnic headache is a rare condition first described by Raskin in 1988. This headache is not included in the first edition of the International Headache Society classification (IHC 1st Edition). We describe eight new Italian hypnic headache cases and consider our findings in the light of literature data. Our cases ...
Pytel P - - 2003
This report illustrates a case of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) masquerading as neurofibromatosis due to multifocal enlargements of spinal nerve roots. The patient initially complained of intermittent numbness of the hands and leg weakness at age 62. Nerve conduction velocities were reported to be abnormally slow, suggesting a diagnosis ...
Türe Ugur - - 2002
Schwannomas of the trochlear nerve are very rare. Only 25 cases without associated neurofibromatosis were reported in the literature, only 15 of which were surgically verified. We report an unusual case of a 31-year-old man who presented with isolated unilateral trochlear nerve palsy due to a left sided trochlear nerve ...
Abraham-Igwe C - - 2002
This is a case of a 35-year-old who had complained of noisy breathing for 15 years, and had been on treatment for 'chronic asthma'. She presented to the Accident and Emergency department with an acute episode of difficulty with breathing, and on admission was found to have stridor and bilateral ...
Isaacson Jon E - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks from the fallopian canal are exceedingly rare, with only 6 reports appearing in the world literature. We report a seventh case that is unique in that it involves an arachnoid cyst of the fallopian canal and an associated facial nerve palsy. STUDY DESIGN: Case ...
Jennett Raymond J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the available evidence regarding the nature of the forces that were involved in the production of a lower plexus palsy or a total (whole arm) palsy, as contrasted with the nature of the forces that resulted in an upper plexus palsy. ...
Ogungbo Biodun - - 2002
A 69-year-old man presented with a cholesteatoma in the right mastoid process and a vestibular schwannoma at the left internal acoustic meatus. Cholesteatoma co-existing with a vestibular schwannoma has not been documented previously in the contemporary literature. The clinical dilemma in the management of his progressive bilateral hearing loss is ...
Rosen Frederick S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: At the conclusion of the current presentation, the participants should be able to describe the etiology, presentation, histopathologic identification, and treatment options for schwannoma of the larynx. OBJECTIVES: Nerve sheath tumors rarely occur within the larynx. The goal of the current report is to acquaint the clinician with the ...
Chow Michael - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To describe a patient who presented with a hypoglossal nerve palsy caused by a cavernous malformation, review the literature on cavernous malformations associated with cranial nerves and the differential diagnosis of hypoglossal palsy. RESULTS: Partial resection of the lesion was achieved and the diagnosis of cavernous malformation proven histologically. ...
Sharp C M - - 2002
While tonsillectomy is the commonest operation performed by otolaryngologists, paralysis of the hypoglossal nerve following tonsillectomy is not well recognized in the otolaryngology text or literature. We report a case of hypoglossal nerve paralysis following tonsillectomy and discuss the theories on the pathoaetiology as described in the predominantly anaesthetics literature. ...
Chang S E - - 2002
Ota's naevus is among the dermal melanocytoses that show a distinct pattern involving skin innervated by the trigeminal nerve. Most cases present at birth or manifest clinically in early childhood. Cases of acquired lesions in adult onset have been reported rarely. We present two cases of late onset Ota's naevus ...
al-Otieschan Abdullah T - - 2002
Cellular schwannomas are a benign variant of classic schwannomas. Their histologic appearance closely mimics that of malignant peripheral nerve-sheath tumors, which are high-grade sarcomas. In this article, we describe what to our knowledge is the first reported case of a cellular schwannoma of the paranasal sinuses and only the 33rd ...
Holt Deborah J - - 2002
Patients with acoustic neuromas commonly present with unilateral hearing loss, tinnitus and unsteadiness. An uncommon initial feature is involvement of the trigeminal nerve. The unusual feature in the case reported here was orofacial paraesthesia, which preceded hearing loss by 3-4 years. Diagnosis was made following a referral by the patient's ...
Katsimihas M - - 2002
Sciatic nerve palsy after total hip arthroplasty is a well-known complication, but delayed sciatic nerve palsy is rare. We report such a case with profound clinical manifestations and well-documented electrophysiologic changes. We found no helpful guidance to managing delayed palsy in the literature. We also are unaware of any previous ...
El-Garem H F - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was assessment of the use of endoscopy in minimally invasive surgery of the cerebellopontine angle in cases of trigeminal neuralgia. METHODS: This study comprises 42 cases of trigeminal neuralgia that underwent operation with endoscopic-assisted microvascular decompression between October 1992 and October 1998. This study ...
Karagama Y G - - 2002
The authors present a case of neuromuscular hamartoma of the cochlear nerve, an unusual occurrence in the internal auditory meatus (IAM). A review of the literature shows no previous report of neuromuscular hamartoma of the cochlear nerve. This tumour was clinically and radiologically difficult to distinguish from acoustic neuroma. It ...
Garner J P - - 2002
We report the case of a 19 year old man who received a gunshot wound to the soft tissues of his left elbow. He presented with an ischaemic hand due to transection of the brachial artery bifurcation anterior to the elbow joint. He was spared an associated median nerve injury ...
Blitz Neal M - - 2002
Plexiform neurofibroma typically occurs in the setting of neurofibromatosis type 1, and is included in the diagnostic criteria for neurofibromatosis. Plexiform neurofibromas generally affect larger peripheral nerves and are uncommon in the foot and ankle. While there are several reports of large neurofibromas involving the foot, they have been described ...
Nakamura Makoto - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Schwannomas of the abducens nerve are extremely rare tumors; only 10 cases have been reported so far. The tumor may be located within the cavernous sinus (CS) or more commonly at the prepontine region. Patients usually present with VIth cranial nerve paresis. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report a case of ...
Peres Mario F P - - 2002
Hemicrania continua (HC) is a primary headache disorder that is characterized by a continuous unilateral headache of moderate severity, exacerbations of severe pain, and complete responsiveness to indomethacin. HC was once thought to be a rare headache disorder, but now many cases have been reported. It is an underecognized headache ...
Ishikawa Masatsune - - 2002
Trigeminal neuralgia is known to be caused by vascular compression at the trigeminal root entry zone (REZ) and microvascular decompression provides good outcome in most of cases. However, in some cases, no vascular compression was observed at the REZ. Over the last 2(1/2) years, the first author operated on 53 ...
Greco F - - 2002
The case of a nine-month'old girl with septo-optic dysplasia is reported. The patient suffered in neonatal life from severe hypoglycemia, conjugated hyperbilirubinemia and nystagmus. At the age of 2 months ophthalmological examination revealed bilateral optic nerve hypoplasia; at the age of 9 months endocrinological investigations showed GH and ACTH deficiency ...
Molinero Jesús - - 2002
Motor neuropathy is an uncommon complication that may follow an outbreak of herpes zoster (HZ). About half of the reported cases have involved the cranial nerves, typically the facial nerve. The remaining cases have affected the nerves of the extremities. Interestingly, motor weakness of the thoracic segments is strikingly rare, ...
Dziewas Rainer - - 2002
Hypoglossal nerve injury is a recognized but rare complication of oropharyngeal manipulation during intubation, bronchoscopy and use of a laryngeal mask airway. We present 2 new cases of temporary hypoglossal nerve palsy after orotracheal intubation for general anesthesia. The relevant literature is reviewed and different hypotheses concerning the pathophysiological mechanisms ...
Niedermüller U - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We report the case of a 43-year-old patient with neuralgic shoulder amyotrophy who developed abducens palsy on the left 4 days after diagnostic lumbar puncture (LP), which recovered completely within 4 months. RESULTS: Side effects after spinal tap are due to prolonged spinal fluid leakage and delayed closure of ...
Brady-McCreery Kathryn M - - 2002
PURPOSE: To report an atypical case of Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension (SIH) with bilateral trochlear nerve palsies and an oculomotor nerve palsy. DESIGN & METHOD: Case report and literature review. RESULTS (CASE REPORT): A 42 year old man was treated for SIH. His neurological symptoms resolved following neurosurgical treatment with the ...
Giraud F - - 2001
We report four cases of sciatica caused by gas in the epidural space with no other abnormality. Only 21 similar cases have been reported. Clinical features are identical to those of common sciatica, and plain radiographs are often uninformative. Computed tomography shows a low-density epidural collection displacing the nerve root.
Patel J - - 2001
Rupture of the circumflex artery and nerve, without fracture or dislocation, is a rare traumatic event. Such a case is reported in a champion flat jockey who sustained blunt trauma to the shoulder after a fall during a race; the literature is also reviewed. At urgent surgical exploration, the axillary ...
Endo A - - 2001
Peripheral facial nerve paralysis is relatively common in the pediatric age group. However, facial palsy rarely has been documented in patients with mumps parotitis. This case report describes the findings of a 3-year-old Japanese boy who developed facial palsy immediately after mumps parotitis. This work calls attention to a possible ...
Al-Qattan M M - - 2001
This study reports on ten cases of lipofibromatous hamartoma of the median nerve, with specific references to its associated conditions. Macrodactyly was the most common associated condition and was seen in 6 cases. Two cases had associated fatty tumours and another two had bony tumours. The literature was reviewed and ...
Matoth I - - 2001
Harris first reported transient idiopathic trigeminal sensory neuropathy in 1935, although it later appeared that, in some of his patients, this condition evolved to typical chronic and painful trigeminal neuralgia. The patients who were later described by Hill and Hughes suffered a combined motor-sensory Vth cranial nerve dysfunction, and most ...
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