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Results 201 - 250 of 721
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Dumonski Mark L - - 2006
Reports of ulnar nerve injury as a result of elbow arthroscopy are rare in the literature. We report a case of ulnar nerve injury following arthroscopic debridement and retrograde drilling of the capitulum in a patient with symptomatic osteochondritis dissecans. The standard location of proximal medial portal placement is 2 ...
Lancaster David G - - 2006
Bell's palsy is caused by a lesion of the facial nerve and results in unilateral paralysis or paresis of the face. The condition affects approximately 23 in 100,000 persons, with onset typically occurring between the ages of 10 and 40 years. The authors report the case of a 26-year-old woman ...
Said Gérard - - 2006
Chronic inflammatory demyelinative polyneuropathy (CIDP) is an acquired neuropathy, presumably of immunological origin. Its clinical presentation and course are extremely variable. CIDP is one of the few peripheral neuropathies amenable to treatment. Typical cases associate progressive or relapsing-remitting motor and sensory deficit with increased CSF protein content and electrophysiological features ...
Bono Giorgio - - 2006
Migraine and cerebrovascular disorders are comorbid diseases and the overlap of their clinical symptoms has relevant diagnostic and therapeutic implications. The prototypic condition of this relationship is reproduced by a clinical event named migrainous infarction (MI), listed by the ICHD-II among the "complication of migraine." We discuss the diagnostic criteria ...
Bhutani Manisha - - 2006
We report a rare case of multifocal osteosarcoma (MFOS) with involvement of skeleton, lung, bone marrow, and soft tissues, presenting with paraparesis, cranial nerve palsies, subcutaneous nodules, anemia, and thrombocytopenia. MFOS with involvement of unusual sites presents problems in diagnosis and has a poor prognosis. The literature on 11 cases ...
Ohba Shigeo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Schwannomas originating from the trochlear nerve without neurofibromatosis are extremely rare. Thirty-four cases have previously been reported in the literature, and only 25 cases were pathologically diagnosed. In addition, intratumoral hemorrhage in intracranial schwannomas is also rare. Approximately 30 cases of intracranial schwannomas with intratumoral hemorrhage have ...
Kraemer Jorge Luiz - - 2006
Our purpose is to report a case of trigeminal neuralgia caused by vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia treated with microvascular decompression. A 63-year-old man sought treatment for a recurrent lancinating left facial pain in V2 and V3 trigeminal territories. The computed tomography angiography revealed a mechanical compression of the left trigeminal nerve due ...
Calisaneller T - - 2006
Acute bilateral abducens nerve palsy after traumatic clivus epidural haematoma is a rare condition in trauma patients. In this report, we present a case with this rare neurological complication of head trauma and discuss the possible mechanisms for abducens nerve palsy and clival epidural haematoma.
Anton Toomas - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Schwannomas are most often found in association with the eighth cranial nerve, but may also arise from any other cranial nerve. They are rarely found in an intra-parenchymal location. Unusual locations for intracranial schwannomas have also been reported in association with neurofibromatosis. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 23-year-old male without von ...
d'Onofrio F - - 2006
Abdominal migraine is one of the variants of migraine headache typically occurring in children and coded as 1.3.2 in the revised edition of IHS classification within the group 'Childhood periodic syndromes that are commonly precursors of migraine'. The affected children frequently develop typical migraine later in their life. We report ...
Phillips William J - - 2006
We present 2 cases, one adult and one pediatric, of acute migraine headache promptly relieved by intravenous oxytocin. Both cases were typical flares of a chronic intermittent headache pattern with classic vascular symptoms. Pain relief in both cases was rapid and temporally related to oxytocin administration. Vascular headache pathophysiology and ...
Balakrishnan Chenicheri - - 2006
Intraneural lipomas of the peripheral nerve or its cutaneous branches are rare benign tumours. These slow-growing tumours present as asymptomatic swelling, and diagnosis is usually made at the time of exploration. In most cases, these tumours can be enucleated without damage to the nerve fibres.
Cardinali P - - 2005
Case of a 58-year-old patient diagnosed as having mycosis fungoides (MF) who presented with sensory ataxia, limbs weakness and neurophysiological and laboratory signs indicative of autoimmune chronic mixed axonal-demyelinating sensory-motor polyradicular neuropathy. The possibility that MF may be associated with an immunomediated peripheral neuropathy, even in the absence of a ...
Atamaz F - - 2005
The focal neuropathies after orthotropic liver transplantation (OLTx) have been well documented to date. Most injuries to the peripheral nervous system involve the peroneal nerve and brachial plexus. We report the first case of lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) injury after OLTx. The patient presented with pain and numbness on ...
Vatansever A - - 2006
Proximal tibiofibular ganglion is a rare disorder. It may settle down in the subcutaneous tissue or may develop along the peroneal muscles and nerve. Common clinical findings are various sizes of mass, pain and hypoesthesis due to compression neuropathy. We report three cases of proximal tibiofibular ganglion and review the ...
Lazaridis Christos - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Bilateral oculomotor palsy is a rare manifestation of temporal arteritis, and to our knowledge only 1 case has been described in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To investigate a possible case of temporal arteritis in a patient with bilateral third nerve palsy. DESIGN: Case report and review. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT: ...
Ito Ken - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Juvenile or adolescent unilateral profound sensorineural deafness (worldwide prevalence, 0.1% to 0.2%) has been attributed to postnatal viral infection, sudden deafness, prenatal and perinatal problems including maternal rubella and viral infections, congenital innerear anomalies, and other factors. Herein, 2 cases are reported and another potentially important cause of unilateral ...
Ducic Ivica - - 2005
Femoral mononeuropathy has many etiologies and is often quite disabling, causing lower extremity paresthesia, anesthesia, pain, or paresis. Despite its morbidity, few therapies have been described to treat the femoral nerve palsy that does not resolve with conservative management or that is refractory to physical therapy. In this report, we ...
Teo C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Cranial nerve dysfunction, including trigeminal neuralgia, has been associated with Chiari I malformations. In such cases, trigeminal neuralgia is thought to be related to tonsillar compression of the brainstem or to traction on the cranial nerves. Hydrocephalus may be a contributing factor. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 38-year-old woman ...
Yetiser Sertac - - 2005
Non-traumatic congenital facial paralysis is frequently due to intrauterine hypoplasia of the facial nerve and usually appears as a component of a syndrome. The experience about this problem is limited due to its rare occurrence and sometimes differential diagnosis of congenital facial paralysis of developmental origin from an acquired one ...
Singer Carlos - - 2005
Hemifacial spasm is a disorder characterized by involuntary contractions of muscles innervated by the ipsilateral facial nerve. The majority of cases are of adult-onset. However, a few cases have been described in children. Detectable causes of pediatric hemifacial spasm include facial nerve compression by vasculature and brainstem masses. In the ...
Ndiokwelu Etisiobi - - 2005
Five cases of facial nerve palsy seen over a period of ten years (1988-1998) at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Dental Clinic were retrospectively reviewed. The materials on file for the five patients were studied and the presenting features sex, age and clinical presentation were reviewed. There were three ...
Cao Nancy J - - 2005
We report a case of Hashimoto's encephalopathy with prominent unsteadiness of gait. Nerve conduction studies and electromyographic findings were consistent with a sensory ganglionopathy. Symptoms and clinical findings resolved with high-dose corticosteroid therapy and paralleled the levels of anti-microsomal antibodies. Sensory ganglionopathy seems to be another aspect of the broad ...
Mondelli Mauro - - 2005
Retrospective features of 91 consecutive cases (68 men, 23 women; mean age 44.4 years) of radial mononeuropathy diagnosed over the last 8 years in two electromyography (EMG) services are reported to define the clinical and electrophysiological findings of radial neuropathies in relation to traumatic and non-traumatic causes and site of ...
Lee Dong Kyung - - 2006
Salivary gland choristoma of the middle ear cavity is an extremely rare entity. Many patients with this entity usually present with conductive hearing loss. Many reports concentrate on the importance of conservative treatment of choristoma for fear of the possible injury of the facial nerve. We report another case of ...
Brimacombe J - - 2005
We present a case of lingual nerve injury that was associated with use of the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway during shoulder replacement in a 61-yr-old male. We also review other cases of cranial nerve injury, most of which were associated with use of the classic laryngeal mask airway. In principle, ...
Elgamal Essam A - - 2005
Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is an involuntary paroxysmal contractions of the facial musculature, caused generally by vascular compression of the seventh cranial nerve at its root exit zone from the brain stem. The case of an adult man harbouring brain stem glioma (BSG) whose only neurological signs were left HFS and ...
Takagi Takehiko - - 2005
We report a case of osteochondroma of the lunate. A 16-year-old boy had a 6-year history of irritable snapping of the right wrist associated with numbness of the ipsilateral middle finger. At surgery we found that the median nerve became caught on the lunate osteochondroma while the wrist was extended ...
Uysal Afşin - - 2005
Neuromuscular hamartoma is a rare benign tumor consisted of well-differentiated striated muscle fibers within mature neural elements. Though most cases are composed of solitary masses associated with major peripheral nerves, multiple tumors or subcutaneous tumors without any association with peripheral nerves have also been reported. Twenty-three neuromuscular hamartomas of various ...
Anil H T - - 2005
Schwannoma is a solitary, benign tumour arising from the neural sheath Schwann cells of the peripheral, cranial or autonomic nerves. In the head and neck region, it occurs most commonly in association with the acoustic nerve within the skull and is rarely found in oral structures. When it is found ...
Yamazaki Kazuharu - - 2005
Congenital cholesteatoma of the middle ear is frequently seen in younger children including infant. By contrast, that of the petrous bone is rarely seen in younger children. We report an exceptional case occurring in 23-month-old infant who presented with unilateral facial nerve paralysis at about 18-month-old. Computed tomography and magnetic ...
Stephan C N - - 2006
The skeletal remains of one individual found near Adelaide in 1994, although not known at the time, were the first evidence of what was to be a serial killing reported to have resulted in the highest casualty list to date in Australia (12 victims). Since the usual methods of identification ...
Nicolle Michael - - 2005
Simultaneous bilateral femoral neuropathies are uncommon and are usually seen as a consequence of pelvic surgery or related to pregnancy. This report describes the case of a young man with rhabdomyolysis after a drug-induced coma, which led to intramuscular dystrophic calcification and compression of the femoral nerves. Acute dystrophic calcification ...
Mylonas Ioannis - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic peripheral facial palsy is the most common and frequent unilateral cranial neurological disorder characterized by an isolated facial nerve paralysis. CASE REPORT: We report a case of an idiopathic facial paralysis (Bell's palsy) in the immediate puerperium in a patient with mild preeclampsia and diagnosed fetal IUGR. Additionally, ...
Walker Melanie - - 2005
Sciatic nerve compression very rarely occurs bilaterally. The authors present a woman with profound lower extremity weakness and sensory abnormality after falling asleep in the head-to-knees yoga position (also called "Paschimottanasana"). Clinical and electrodiagnostic findings are discussed in detail and a brief review of the literature is presented.
Abayev Boris - - 2005
A sciatic nerve lesion secondary to compression by a heterotopic ossification is rare. Operative release of the encased sciatic nerve in some cases may restore the function of the nerve partially or completely. However, in some cases the injury may be permanent. An electrophysiologic study is very useful to determine ...
Lanteri Raffaele - - 2005
Ancient schwannomas are rare benign tumours, deriving from neural crest cells. Schwannomas of the head and neck are frequently misdiagnosed and preoperative investigations are often fruitless. We report a very rare case of a patient with a schwannoma of the seventh nerve. T.A., a 43-year-old male, was referred to our ...
Yilmaz Cengiz - - 2005
Isolated injury of the musculocutaneous nerve is a rare disorder. Reported cases are claimed to present with loss of biceps and brachialis power without a disturbing pain. The injury generally occurs after strenuous exercise and could be demonstrated by electrophysiological examination. We report a case of musculocutaneous nerve injury which ...
Musthyala S - - 2005
A case report is presented of a patient found at surgery to have an anomalous neural loop of the ulnar nerve at the wrist. The literature is reviewed. Although previous cases have been reported with compressive symptoms or as a coincidental finding we believe that this is the first case ...
Carvalho Alzira Alves Siqueira - - 2005
We report a case of a 26-year-old man who presented a lower motor neuron syndrome due to hyperparathyroidism. Electromyography showed neurogenic features with normal nerve conduction studies. Hypercalcemia led to the discovery of a primary hyperparathyroidism with gland hyperplasia. Following parathyroid surgery there was recovery of the neurological symptoms.
Pilling R F - - 2005
Non-traumatic sixth nerve palsy in the 20-50 years old group is unusual and a detailed history is often needed to identify serious and potentially reversible causes. We present a case of sixth sense nerve palsy in a young female with eczema for which she was treated with low-dose cyclosporin. We ...
Kanemoto Motoko - - 2005
In this report, we present a rare case of a 52-year-old man with a unique form of hypertrophic pachymeningitis involving the anterior part of the falx and who was positive for rheumatoid factor. The clinical symptom was only headache, without any cranial nerve palsies or ataxia. Diagnosis was made by ...
Kanoh Naoyuki - - 2005
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: To examine the mechanism and pathophysiology of idiopathic peripheral facial palsy (Bell's palsy), the mode of onset of facial palsy was investigated. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. METHODS: We identified the point at which patients with facial palsy first noticed their illness using our medical charts for 648 patients ...
Edmonds Chris R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a system to prevent laterality errors while performing peripheral nerve blockade. CASE REPORT: The report depicts 2 cases of peripheral nerve blocks being performed on the wrong (nonoperative) extremity. An analysis of the circumstances in each case reveals distractions, schedule changes, ...
Ip Patrick - - 2005
We report the case of a 3.5-year-old boy who presented with truncal ataxia, microcephaly and delayed global development in infancy. Hypoplasia of cerebellum and corpus callosum and delayed myelination were found on brain MRI. Failure to thrive, sparse hairs and dystrophic nails became evident at the age of 2 years. ...
Lotti Marcello - - 2005
Organophosphate-induced delayed polyneuropathy (OPIDP) is a rare toxicity resulting from exposure to certain organophosphorus (OP) esters. It is characterised by distal degeneration of some axons of both the peripheral and central nervous systems occurring 1-4 weeks after single or short-term exposures. Cramping muscle pain in the lower limbs, distal numbness ...
Mustafa Aldemir, Cahfer Güloğlu, ...
Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) is an uncommon disorder characterized by simultaneous thyrotoxicosis, hypokalaemia, and paralysis and is the most common acquired form of periodic paralysis. It is usually associated with low plasma potassium levels and is often precipitated by physical activity or ingestion of carbohydrates. We presented a 35-year-old man ...
Wild Edward - - 2004
A case of thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) in a patient of Maori heritage is described. The epidemiology, aetiology and pathogenesis of TPP are discussed. The case demonstrates that neurological examination and biochemical findings may be normal between episodes of paralysis. Given that there is much racial variation in the prevalence ...
Finsterer Josef - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Unilateral periventricular pseudocysts (PVPC), manifesting as ipsilateral headache have been only rarely reported in adults. CASE REPORT: In a 48-year-old woman, right-sided, pulsating headache occurred in 1999. Headache exclusively extended over the right head and periorbitally; it was frequently associated with a feeling of cold, lasted maximally for 1 ...
Patil Parag G - - 2004
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Xanthogranulomas involving the central or peripheral nervous system are extraordinarily rare. None have been reported in the lower extremity. Here, we report and characterize the first case of xanthogranuloma of the sciatic nerve. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 58-year-old woman presented with poorly localized right back and groin pain. ...
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