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Lee Byung-Joo - - 2007
Between 25 and 48% of schwannomas have been reported to occur in the head and neck region; the acoustic nerve is involved in most cases. Schwannomas arising in the tonsil are extremely uncommon. We report a case of tonsillar schwannoma in a 23-year-old woman. We also review the literature on ...
Tavee Jinny - - 2007
This retrospective review characterizes the electrodiagnostic (EDX) features and etiologies of sacral plexopathies (SPs) and discusses difficulties in their identification. The EDX findings of 171 clinically suspected SPs were reviewed using the following criteria: reduced/absent sensory nerve action potentials (SNAPs) of the sural or superficial peroneal nerve, denervation of plexus-innervated ...
Stone J - - 2007
We report three cases of thyrotoxicosis who presented acutely with headache to our neurology service in a 1-year period. In two of these patients there was a pre-existing or subsequent history of migraine. With hindsight, there were other clinical features of thyrotoxicosis but this diagnosis had been missed in primary ...
Heidi R. Umphrey; University ...
Schwannomas are tumors arising from cells of the nerve sheath. While schwannomas are commonly found in peripheral nerves and cranial nerves, these tumors are rarely found within the kidney and may be difficult to differentiate from renal cell carcinoma. Few cases have been reported in the literature, and even less ...
Yousuf Salman J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although idiopathic sixth (abducens) nerve paresis of childhood typically resolves within a few months, the paresis recurs in a minority of cases. The purpose of this study is to describe clinical features at presentation that are associated with later recurrence. METHODS: Retrospective literature review and novel case report. RESULTS: ...
Yamazaki Takashi - - 2007
The purpose of this retrospective study was to demonstrate the utility of diathermy in avoiding nerve injuries due to misplacement of lumbar pedicle screws (PSs). The authors used diathermy to assess whether a screw deviated from the pedicle by observing synchronous leg movements caused by intermittently touching an electric knife ...
Bilgin Nursel Gamsiz - - 2007
Forensic reports on traumatic peripheral nerve injuries include dysfunction degrees of extremities, which are arranged according to the Turkish Penalty Code. The aim of this study is to discuss the role and importance of electromyography while preparing forensic reports in the cases of traumatic peripheral nerve injuries and the usefulness ...
Ethunandan M - - 2007
Needle breakage following inferior alveolar nerve block is a rare complication in current dental practice. We report a case of delayed retrieval of a broken needle with the use of modern imaging modalities. In addition, possible causes of needle breakage and preventative measures, indications and timing of removal, localisation techniques ...
Gil-Gouveia Raquel - - 2007
Hypnic headache is a rare form of primary headache with attacks occurring exclusively with sleep. As it is typical of the elderly, a wide range of alternative diagnosis must be considered. We present a case report of a 54-year-old woman with unsuspected secondary hypnic headache that was relieved by anti-hypertensive ...
Ittipunkul Nimitr - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To report a rare presentation of bilateral optic nerve compression from extra-medullary hematopoiesis in beta thalassemia/Hb E disease. DESIGN: Interventional case report. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 13-year-old Thai girl was reported with slowly progressive bilateral visual loss due to optic neuropathy as a result of compression from extra-medullary hematopoiesis. Computed ...
Hussain Aamir - - 2007
Osteonecrosis is a bony infarction caused by disruption of blood supply to the bone. Aseptic osteonecrosis should be rare with intermittent use of steroids in disabling and refractory migraine cases. We present 3 cases of patients who had severe migraine and developed aseptic osteonecrosis with short-term, intermittent pulse doses of ...
Georgiev G P - - 2007
In order to study the incidence of the axillary arch in the Bulgarian population, we examined the axillary regions of 56 formol-carbol fixed human cadavers and observed two cases with a unilateral axillary arch. In the first case, the variant structure was situated on the right side of a 58-year-old ...
Landau Yuval E - - 2007
Guillain-Barré syndrome, an autoimmune disorder of the peripheral nervous system, is divided into several subtypes according to clinico-pathologic findings and epidemiologic characteristics. A pure motor variant without involvement of the sensory nerves has been reported in rare cases. This report details the clinical, immunologic, and serial electrophysiologic findings of two ...
Ferri Emanuele - - 2007
Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is a multi-system disease characterized by granuloma formation and widespread necrotizing vasculitis. It classically presents with involvement of the upper and lower respiratory tracts and renal system. Facial nerve palsy and otologic manifestations have been reported during the course of the disease but it is extremely rare ...
Sahni V - - 2007
Many neurological diseases like myopathy, periodic paralysis, ophthalmoplegia, and myasthenia gravis are known associations of thyrotoxicosis. However the association of neuropathy with thyrotoxicosis is not frequently recognized. First described by Charcot in 1889, thyrotoxic neuropathy or 'Basedow's Paraplegia' is a rarely reported entity. We describe here a case of a ...
Endo Kazuhira - - 2007
The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is regarded as a safer supraglottic airway for general anesthesia compared with conventional endotracheal tubes. We report a case of bilateral vocal cord palsy temporarily observed after using the LMA, which required urgent tracheotomy. Severe swelling of the arytenoid suggested that bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve ...
Serrano Pedro - - 2007
Two adult patients who presented to a hospital with bilateral facial Bell palsy who were also experiencing human immunodeficiency virus type 1 seroconversion are described. Ten additional cases retrieved from the literature are also reviewed. Bell palsy appeared a median of 15 days after the beginning of the clinical disease, ...
Tsitsopoulos Philippos - - 2007
The authors describe the case of a 24-year-old woman who had a history of beta3-thalassemia and presented with severe symptoms of lumbar nerve root compression due to extramedullary hemopoiesis in the intervertebral foramen. Radiation therapy (2000 cGy in six fractions) was delivered to the mass. The patient's neurological symptoms completely ...
Antonini G - - 2007
The clinical onset of hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsy (HNPP) in childhood is rarely reported. On the basis of a 5-year-old affected patient, we reviewed the cases reported in the literature to evaluate the clinical and genetic characteristics of patients with an early onset (<10 years) of HNPP.
Liang Chih-Wei - - 2007
Trigeminal neuropathy is characterized by sensory disturbance of the division of trigeminal nerve, and sometimes is associated with pain. Trigeminal neuropathy secondary to perineural invasion of sinonasal lymphoma is extremely rare. Likewise, sinonasal lymphoma is infrequently demonstrated initially with cranial neuropathy. The present case served to broaden the differential diagnosis ...
Spies C - - 2007
Our objective is to review the epidemiology and proposed pathophysiology of migraine headache and its association with patent foramen ovale (PFO). We further elucidate the technical aspects of PFO closure and its possible impact on migraine headache. Upon reviewing English-language publications listed in MEDLINE relating to migraine headache, PFO; and ...
Chuang Shang-Tian - - 2007
Glandular differentiation is exceedingly rare in peripheral nerve sheath tumors. In this report, an exceptional case of retroperitoneal glandular schwannoma is described in which the glandular element is markedly atypical, whereas the schwannian component is benign by morphologic analysis. To the best of our knowledge, the biologic behavior for such ...
Rahme R - - 2007
Trigeminal neuralgia has been rarely reported in association with dural arteriovenous malformations (DAVMs). We describe a case of trigeminal neuralgia resulting from compression of the trigeminal nerve at its root entry zone by a large tentorial DAVM. Surgical interruption of the draining vein at its exit from the tentorium resulted ...
Domaç Füsun M - - 2007
Optic neuropathy related to toxins is a complex, multifactorial disease potentially affecting individuals of all ages. We report a case of presumed toxic optic neuropathy secondary to H2O2 exposure. This has not been previously reported, and the temporal relationship of the exposure to the optic neuropathy is compelling, although not ...
Pion B - - 2007
We report a case of zona ophthalmica complicated with a complete ophthalmoplegia. In the literature only 19 cases have been reported the last 30 years, with a variety of possible pathophysiological mechanisms. Our patient's mydriasis reacted to diluted pilocarpine 0.125% which is a sign of Adie's pupil and is not ...
Hayashi-Hayata Miwa - - 2007
We report 2 cases of Gasperini syndrome and consider them with the 11 previously reported cases to describe the clinical characteristics of this rare syndrome: Core neurological signs are peripheral facial nerve palsy and abducens nerve palsy of the affected side: Among all cases, imaging demonstrated a small lesion in ...
Xarchas K C - - 2007
Ulnar nerve instability without compression at the cubital tunnel is not common and even more rare is a dislocating nerve. We review the literature regarding the etiology of instability, its incidence and treatment. Snapping around the medial humeral epicondyle can also be caused by a subluxing medial head of the ...
Rainsbury J W - - 2007
Traumatic facial nerve neuroma is rare. There are only 10 reported cases in the literature, caused either by physical trauma or chronic inflammation. Traumatic facial neuromata differ from true facial nerve neoplasms in radiological, macroscopic and microscopic appearance, but clinical presentation is less reliable in differentiating the two. Management depends ...
Pitchford Clovis W - - 2006
Neoplasms that commonly affect patients with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) include schwannomas, meningiomas, astrocytomas, ependymomas, and neurofibromas. Perineuriomas are rare tumors of the peripheral nerve sheath that share some characteristics with meningioma. As in both NF2-associated and sporadic cases of schwannoma and meningioma, perineuriomas often harbor mutations or deletions of ...
Spies Christian - - 2006
Our objective is to review the epidemiology and pathophysiology of migraine headache, its association with patent foramen ovale (PFO), and the impact of PFO closure on migraine. Upon reviewing English-language publications listed in MEDLINE relating to migraine headache, PFO, and transcatheter closure of PFO, we selected case series, retrospective and ...
Ozdemir Oya - - 2007
Isolated spinal accessory nerve (SAN) palsy is a well-recognized complication of surgical prodecures in the posterior triangle of the neck. Various rare etiological factors were also described. Whatever the etiology, the typical clinical features of SAN palsy can be listed as atrophy/weakness of the trapezius muscle and moderate winging of ...
Koga Chihiro - - 2006
Ramsay-Hunt syndrome (RHS) usually affects adults, but rare cases of preschool children with RHS have been reported. We report a case of RHS in a healthy 4-year-old girl. At the age of 4 years and 5 months, she complained of pain in her mouth and herpes zoster vesicles were noted ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2006
We report a male cadaver found to have his right intermediate branch of the supraclavicular nerve piercing the clavicle. No other anomalies were found in this specimen. Following a review of the literature, it appears that symptoms related to this finding are rare but do occur most commonly involving the ...
Mehrzad H - - 2006
Schwannomas are benign slow growing solitary tumours of nerve sheath origin and can arise from any myelinated nerve. They have been reported to occur in most parts of the body with the highest incidence (25%) in the head and neck region, although tongue base lesions are rare. The tumour is ...
Castellanos-Pinedo F - - 2006
A 45-year-old woman, who had been diagnosed in our unit with episodic paroxysmal hemicrania, was seen 2 years later for ipsilateral hemicrania continua in remitting form. Both types of headache had a complete response to indomethacin and did not occur simultaneously. The patient had a previous history of episodic moderate ...
Kim Harold H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe an individual with cholesteatoma whose sole presenting symptom was dysgeusia. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. METHOD: A retrospective review of an individual presenting with dysgeusia without any hearing loss, otorrhea, or imbalance who was found to have chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma. RESULT: Surgical exploration confirmed the presence ...
Melillo Alessandro - - 2006
The pathogenic agent of proventricular dilatation disease causes a lymphoplasmacytic inflammation of the central peripheral nervous systems. Usually, the splanchnic nerves are affected, with resultant gastrointestinal dysfunction and clinical signs related to this. When the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves are affected, neurologic signs may be present in various ...
Patel Rajendrakumar M - - 2006
Sucralose (trichlorogalactosucrose, or better known as Splenda) is an artificial sweetener from native sucrose that was approved by the FDA on April 1, 1998 (April Fool's Day). This observation of a potential causal relationship between sucralose and migraines may be important for physicians to remember this can be a possible ...
Feinberg Joseph - - 2006
Sciatic nerve injury and dysfunction is not an uncommon cause of lower extremity symptoms in a musculoskeletal practice. We present the case of a man who presented with lower extremity weakness, pain, and cramps, and was initially diagnosed at an outside institution with bilateral S1 radiculopathies and recommended for spine ...
Enoz, Murat
Schwannomas or neurilemmomas are benign, slow growing, usually solitary and encapsulated tumor, originating from Schwann cells of the nerve sheath. Intraoral schwannoma accounts for 1% of head and neck region and are commonly seen at the base region of tongue. Most of the few such reports in the literature, have ...
Ratilal Bernardo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Traumatic clival epidural hematoma is an extremely rare reported entity. CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe the case of a 26-year-old woman involved in a car accident who presented with a Glasgow Coma Scale score of 13, bilateral abducens palsy, bilateral numbness on the mandibular territory of the trigeminal nerve, and ...
Rossi E - - 2006
We present a case of neuroma formation following the circumcision of an 11-year-old boy. Amputation neuroma is an extremely rare clinical finding. In the literature only a few cases of amputation neuroma have been reported, mainly located in the biliary tract, in the cystic duct, or in the main hepatic ...
Manconi M - - 2006
Cerebral ptosis (CP) consists of acute and bilateral drooping eyelids due to a right or left middle cerebral artery territory stroke, without involvement of brain stem, third cranial nerve or oculosympathetic fibres. The pathogenesis of CP is still unknown, but most authors have hypothesised that eyelid control is hemispherically lateralised. ...
Singal A - - 2006
Bilateral lagophthalmos secondary to facial nerve is extremely uncommon. Further, the aetiology in most of these cases is of central origin unlike the peripheral involvement in leprosy. A patient of lepromatous leprosy (LL) may be euthyroid or hypothyroid on account of leprous involvement of the thyroid gland. A case of ...
Hartel Paul H - - 2006
Primary gliomas of the optic nerve are very rare. We report a case of a 59-year-old male with sudden vision loss diagnosed with malignant optic nerve glioblastoma multiforme. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed thickening of optic tracts, chiasm, and hypothalamus. Histologically, the tumor was composed of glial cells with pleomorphic nuclei ...
Salamanca Juan Ignacio Martinez - - 2006
Occipital condyle syndrome (OCS) results from a unilateral occipital pain associated with an ipsilateral paresis of the 12th cranial nerve (hypoglossal), and is typically caused by metastasis of the skull base. OCS diagnosis occurred, in all cases described in the published literature, when metastatic prostate cancer (MPC) was previously known. ...
Thapa Rajoo - - 2006
Nager acrofacial dysostosis comprises defects of cranio facial region and limbs (mostly upper) with variable associated anomalies. The cranio- facial complex is indistinguishable from the mandibulo facial dysostosis (Treacher Collins syndrome). About 80 cases have been described in the literature. We describe the case of a one-day-old male neonate who ...
Engin A - - 2006
Tick paralysis is a disease that occurs worldwide. It is a relatively rare but potentially fatal condition. The only way to establish the diagnosis is to carefully search for the tick paralysis. It is caused by a neurotoxin secreted by engorged female ticks. Tick paralysis generally begins in the lower ...
Jansen H J - - 2006
The case of a 63-year-old woman who presented with status epilepticus, coma and hypoventilation is reported. A primary neurological cause was considered. Hypothermia led to further investigations and a diagnosis of severe hypothyroidism. The neurological complications of hyperthyriodism include alteration in mental status with slowness, decreased concentration and lethargy, headache, ...
Dumonski Mark L - - 2006
Reports of ulnar nerve injury as a result of elbow arthroscopy are rare in the literature. We report a case of ulnar nerve injury following arthroscopic debridement and retrograde drilling of the capitulum in a patient with symptomatic osteochondritis dissecans. The standard location of proximal medial portal placement is 2 ...
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