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Salawu F K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (TACs) include cluster headache, paroxysmal hemicrania and short-lasting, unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing and its close relative short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with cranial autonomic symptoms. The primary objectives of this review are to highlight what is known about the trigeminal ...
Karabiyik L - - 2009
Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa is a rare genetically mechanobullous disorder, characterized by an excessive susceptibility of the skin and mucosa to separate from the underlying tissues after mechanical trauma. Avoiding mechanical stimulation of the skin and mucous membranes is essential in the anesthetic management. These case reports describes bilateral nerve block ...
Brief James M - - 2009
Foot drop has many etiologies. One rarely mentioned and often neglected reason for foot drop is an acute inversion sprain of the ankle. Over the past 14 years, a collection of 32 cases of foot drop have been compiled in our orthopaedic and physiatric practices. All cases had appropriate evaluations, ...
Subhashraj Krishnaraj - - 2009
Schwannoma is an intraoral rare, benign neoplasm derived from the nerve sheath of peripheral nerves. "Ancient schwannoma" shows histopathological features, such as degenerative changes and atypical nuclei, and may easily be confused with malignant neoplasms. Ancient schwannoma of the head and neck region is relatively uncommon and very few cases ...
Arthurs Benjamin J - - 2009
Vestibular schwannomas, also called acoustic neuromas, are benign tumors of the vestibulocochlear nerve. Patients with these tumours almost always present with signs of hearing loss, and many also experience tinnitus, vertigo, and equilibrium problems. Following diagnosis with contrast enhanced MRI, patients may choose to observe the tumour with subsequent scans ...
Kautz Ocko - - 2009
The trigeminal trophic syndrome is a rare complication following central or peripheral injury of the trigeminal nerve typically characterized by unilateral distribution of anaesthesia, paraesthesia and ulceration. In one third of cases it is preceded by an iatrogenic damage of the trigeminal nerve, in another third by a history of ...
Ohmura Tadahiro - - 2008
A 37-year-old woman presented with a rare cavernous malformation of the ventral midbrain with brainstem hemorrhage manifesting as sudden onset of headache and vomiting. The lesion was removed successfully through a transsylvian approach and a medial peduncular route. Postoperatively, her oculomotor nerve paresis worsened temporarily, but diplopia disappeared 2 months ...
Chan J K K - - 2009
Posterior interosseous nerve (PIN) palsy, presenting with a loss of digital extension, is a rare neurological complication of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It may be caused by nerve entrapment, vasculitis or drug toxicity. There is no consensus regarding the treatment of PIN palsy in RA. We present a case in which ...
Doklamyai Porames - - 2008
Lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) generally emerges from the pelvis behind the inguinal ligament (IL) to the thigh. Because of its proximity to the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS) and hip joint, the LFCN is prone to injuries during various procedures. Anatomy of this nerve is highly variable among studies. ...
Gothi Rajesh - - 2008
Ortner's syndrome (left recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy caused by cardiovascular pathology) is described in literature as occurring secondary to a variety of conditions. Spontaneous aneurysm of ductus arteriosus is a rare cause of this condition. We present a case where an adult patient with an aneurysm of the ductus arteriosus ...
Irace C - - 2008
A case of isolated schwannoma of the orbit, arising from the terminal branches of the abducens nerve to the lateral rectus muscle, is reported. The patient presented with a painless proptosis of the left eye. Preoperative diagnosis of benign intraorbital neoplasm was made by means of CT and MR scans; ...
Kara Murat - - 2008
We report here the case of a 18-year-old young man with Behçet's disease who had suffered deep venous thrombosis of the right femoral and popliteal veins. Consequently, right sciatic nerve injury, drop foot and tightness of the achilles tendon also ensued. The clinical scenario was further challenged by demonstration of ...
Ayberk Giyas - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: In this report, we aimed to investigate the patients that presented at our clinic complaint with diplopia due to the abducens nerve palsy and neurosurgical disease. METHODS: The study design was a retrospective review of ten cases with the abducens nerve palsy. The causes of the abducens nerve paralysis ...
Ngow H A - - 2008
Bell's palsy is a benign lower motor neuron facial nerve disorder. It is almost always unilateral. We report a 20-year-old nulliparous woman with five episodes of recurrent Bell's palsy. A review of recent medical literature revealed a paucity of case reports involving an individual with five episodes of recurrent Bell's ...
Karaman Emin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to study case reports and review the world literature concerning increased intracranial pressure secondary to unilateral radical neck dissection. CASE REPORT: A male patient presented with a painless lump in the left side of his neck. Diagnostic investigation revealed papillary thyroid carcinoma and 4 x 2-cm ...
Grossman John A I - - 2008
Injury to the spinal accessory nerve in the posterior triangle of the neck results in trapezius paralysis and shoulder dysfunction. The most common etiology is iatrogenic and has been reported extensively in adults. We report 3 cases of spinal accessory nerve injury recognized postoperatively in children and discuss the microsurgical ...
Mirone G - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: We describe a rare case of pediatric pilocytic astrocytoma presented as a right cerebellopontine angle (CPA) mass, completely separated from the brain stem and arising from the proximal VIII nerve portion. CASE REPORT: A 12-year-old boy, with no evidence of neurofibromatosis type 2, presented with progressive hearing loss at ...
Kogure Toshiaki - - 2008
This report describes the successful treatment of a 72-year-old female with refractory trigeminal neuralgia using a traditional herbal medicine, Uyakujunkisan (UJS). The case report is of a 65-year-old female who developed right-sided trigeminal neuralgia that was partially responsive to carbamazepine (CZ). The pain gradually increased in intensity and at 72 ...
Paraskevas G - - 2008
Compression of the lateral cutaneous nerve of the forearm is a rare clinical entrapment syndrome. This report describes the compression of the lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve at the level of the lateral margin of the biceps brachii tendon identified during autopsy. This is the first cadaveric case reported in the ...
Son Dong Wuk - - 2008
Cavernous malformations (CMs) arising from the optic nerve and chiasm are extremely rare. The authors present a case of 39-year-old woman with CMs of the optic chiasm. She was referred due to sudden onset of bitemporal hemianopsia and headache, the so-called 'chiasmal apoplexy'. MRI findings suggested a diagnosis of hemorrhage ...
Sulica Lucian - - 2008
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To identify clinical evidence regarding outcome and duration of unilateral idiopathic vocal fold paralysis (IVFP). STUDY DESIGN: Literature review. METHODS: Medline search using the terms "vocal fold paralysis," "laryngeal paralysis," "vagal paralysis," and "recurrent nerve paralysis" was performed. Results were cross-checked by substituting "palsy" and "paresis" in place of ...
Baykan Betül - - 2008
We have recently evaluated a 54-year-old woman who had migraine without aura in her history but presenting with a typical hypnic headache (HH) which is presumably not a primary headache but associated with an ergotamine overuse headache. Her HH was relieved with a washout protocol which includes 75 mg amitriptyline ...
Foroozan Rod - - 2008
Posterior ischemic optic neuropathy (PION) is an uncommon form of optic nerve ischemia that results from damage to the intraorbital, intracanalicular, or intracranial optic nerve. It has been reported perioperatively, in association with systemic vasculitis, and in the nonsurgical setting with no identifiable cause. Review of the literature reveals only ...
Cesur Mustafa - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Although the commonest form of hypokalemic paralysis is the hereditary variety, some patients during course of thyrotoxicosis or with chronic potassium depletion, may exhibit episodic weakness. Approach to the patient with hypokalemic paralysis should be a careful search for the etiology and potassium replacement therapy. METHODS: In this report, ...
Aasvang E K - - 2008
Dysejaculation following groin hernia repair can occur in about 1-2% of patients, resulting in impairment of sexual function. We report a case of chronic postherniotomy dysejaculation treated with transection of the ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerves and decompression of vas deferens that was embedded and twisted in shrunken mesh and scar ...
Hur M S - - 2008
The labiomandibular fold (LMF) is the area of the face that extends from the mouth corner to the mandibular border, and its prominence tends to increase with age. The LMF can be formed by the medial or lateral border of the depressor anguli oris (DAO). The aim of this study ...
Salemis N S - - 2008
Here is reported an extremely rare case of a large intraparotid facial nerve schwannoma in a 32-year-old female who presented with a parotid mass. There had been a long clinical course and sudden onset of facial weakness. Diagnostic evaluation and surgical management are discussed along with a brief review of ...
Hung Shun-Fa - - 2008
Schwannomas are tumors arising from the nerve sheath. Renal schwannomas are extremely rare and have nonspecific symptoms and limited radiologic features, and are often diagnosed histologically after surgical excision. We report a case of a left renal schwannoma which, after evaluation by imaging studies, was assumed to be a renal ...
Mori Eri - - 2009
Middle ear adenoma is a rare disease derived from the middle ear mucosa. It is usually lack specific findings and easily mistaken for other conditions, delaying a correct diagnosis. In particular, few cases with facial nerve paralysis have been reported. We describe a case of middle ear adenoma that caused ...
Reid J M - - 2008
This report is of an atypical case of neuralgic amyotrophy with a Horner's syndrome, bilateral brachial plexus, lumbar plexus and phrenic nerve involvement. The diagnosis isconfirmed based on a classical history and examination findings with typical neurophysiological investigations for this condition. This report also highlights the novel use of positional ...
Lifchez Scott D SD Department of Plastic Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, - - 2008
Ganglions of the upper extremity are common. Radial nerve dysfunction, particularly radial sensory dysfunction, is a rare finding in association with a ganglion. We present our experience with two such ganglia and a review of the literature.
Spengos Konstantinos - - 2008
We present the case of a woman with chronic migraine who unexpectedly reported full remission of headache after memantine, an NMDA receptor antagonist, was administered for treating concomitant mild cognitive impairment. An underlying dose-dependent effect of memantine on headache symptoms in chronic daily headache and chronic migraine could be assumed.
Yoong P
Open carpal tunnel release is the commonest surgical treatment of median nerve compression at the wrist. Although successful in most cases, there are well described complications. We report a case of laceration of the deep motor branch of the ulnar nerve at the level of the hook of hamate following ...
Gikas Panagiotis D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Post-radiation peripheral neuropathy has been reported in brachial and cervical plexuses and the femoral nerve. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a patient who developed post-radiation sciatic neuropathy after approximately 3 years and discuss the pathophysiology, clinical course and treatment options available for the deleterious effects of radiation to peripheral nerves. ...
Vekris Marios D - - 2008
Intrinsic haemangioma of the median nerve is an extremely rare tumor that represents a challenge to diagnose and treat. Only a few cases have been reported in the literature. We present a 10-year-old girl who was diagnosed having an intrinsic haemangioma of the median nerve and treated with total surgical ...
Simou Nafsika - - 2008
Plexiform neurofibroma of the cauda equina is extremely rare. Herein, a case is reported in a 56-year-old man who also had muscle atrophy, severe motor disturbance, and mild sensory disturbance of the left leg due to childhood poliomyelitis. The clinical symptoms manifested insidiously until the patient developed cauda equina syndrome. ...
McFarlin Anna - - 2008
In clinical medicine there may be times when clinical conditions manifest differently both when they present individually or concomitantly. Such scenarios warrant a broader differential diagnosis with thorough investigations. We present one such case of a patient of Bell's palsy with unexplained eye pain on the ipsilateral side. The patient ...
Brinar Vesna V - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Abducens nerve palsy (ANP) is the most common isolated palsy. The injury of the abducens nerve can occur anywhere along its long course, so differential diagnosis of ANP occasionally demands thorough investigation to find the proper cause. PATIENTS: Ten patients with isolated ANP are presented. The causes included nasopharyngeal ...
van der Meer S - - 2007
Macrodystrophia lipomatosa (ML) is a rare disease causing congenital local gigantism of part of an extremity mostly through proliferation of fibro-adipose tissue. This study is one of few that specifically describe 8 ML patients with histological confirmation of the diagnosis combined with the 79 histologically confirmed cases already described in ...
Rath Barbara - - 2007
Bell's palsy has been reported as an adverse event following immunization (AEFI). Review of the published literature reveals that several characteristics have been used to describe Bell's palsy, which differ significantly from author to author. Evidently, the definition of "Bell's palsy" remains controversial, and consensus between different medical subspecialties is ...
Shaner John W - - 2007
The posterior superior alveolar nerve (PSAN) is a major sensory branch of the maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve. A PSAN block is a dental nerve block used for profound anesthesia of the maxillary molars. Complications arising from the PSAN block include hematoma formation, transient diplopia, blurred vision, and temporary ...
Mehta Deepak - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate the clinical, radiologic, and pathologic findings of actinomycosis of the temporal bone. STUDY DESIGN: Case report and literature review. METHODS: Analysis of a case through medical records and literature review. RESULTS: Actinomycosis is a rare cause of subacute-chronic suppurative infection of the temporal bone. We present an ...
Padhya Tapan A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To document the clinical progression of four patients with a past history of complete removal of early midface cutaneous malignancies that presented years later with isolated recurrence along the distribution of the infraorbital nerve, and to discuss the diagnostic role of early imaging to identify perineural invasion. STUDY DESIGN: ...
Gallagher R Michael - - 2007
The relationship of the neck to headache has been recognized by physicians for over a century. However, whether the neck is the cause of a separate diagnostic entity, cervicogenic headache or simply a part of other headache complexes is the source of controversy. In recent years, there has been an ...
Sharma V K - - 2007
We report a case of 11 years old male who developed trismus associated with left infranuclear facial palsy following injury over forehead. Cephalic tetanus was diagnosed. Rarity of the case as well as mild course it ran, though the incubation period was less than seven days, is the reason for ...
Dodick David - - 2007
Hemiplegic migraine (HM) is characterized by motor weakness and at least one other aura symptom or sign that is fully reversible within 24 hours. While prolonged neurological impairment lasting weeks has been observed, persistent attack-related neurological deficits have not been described. This case illustrates the potential for permanent neurological deficits ...
Ganga Devi N Poorana - - 2007
Herpes Zoster is produced by reactivation of latent Varicella Zoster Virus from the dorsal root ganglion of sensory nerves. It is common in older individuals and rarely described in the pediatric age group. We report a case of recurrent herpes zoster in a 3-year-old HIV positive child involving T4 dermatome ...
Park Chul M - - 2007
The common neurological manifestations of pre-eclampsia include headache, confusion, and visual disturbance; while isolated abducens nerve palsy in pre-eclampsia is very rare. We report one case of a severe pre-eclampsia with abducens nerve palsy at 39 weeks' gestation. There was no specific pathology, except hypertension, and the palsy resolved spontaneously.
Hussey A J - - 2007
Parsonage-Turner syndrome is the term used to describe a neuritis involving the brachial plexus. It may present with symptoms of an isolated peripheral nerve lesion, although the pathology is thought to lie more proximally. A case describing an isolated anterior interosseus nerve palsy due to an acute brachial neuritis is ...
Gerganov Venelin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Twenty-six cases of pathologically verified schwannomas of the trochlear nerve have been reported in the literature. Five of them had a large cystic component and a smaller solid portion. Complex skull base approaches have been usually applied for their removal. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report on a rare case of ...
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