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Sharma Giriraj K - - 2010
Neuroblastoma-like schwannoma is a rare nerve sheath tumor with histological features resembling a neuroblastoma. A comprehensive literature review identified only 10 previous case reports of this condition. The authors present the first reported case of a neuroblastoma-like schwannoma at a spinal nerve root. The patient, a 61-year-old woman, presented with ...
Arkink E B - - 2010
We present a previously unreported early 18th-century description of cluster headache by the English antiquary Abraham de la Pryme (1671-1704) initially attributed to hydrophobia (rabies). We will also give a short overview of other descriptions of cluster and cluster-like headache in historical literature.
Loukas M - - 2010
Although the complex architecture of the brachial plexus (BP) has been described for decades, recent literature still aims to elucidate the variation in nerve root contributions to the BP. Understanding this variability in the nerve morphology of the BP may assist physicians and surgeons in the diagnosis and management of ...
Yates Charles W - - 2010
Vestibular schwannomas are benign neoplasms that arise from Schwann cells of the eighth cranial nerve. Most manifest clinically with tinnitus, unilateral sensorineural hearing loss, and dysequilibrium secondary to compression of the vestibulocochlear nerve; major adverse events such as intratumoral hemorrhage causing acute neurologic deterioration are rare. We report the case ...
Dubil Elizabeth A - - 2012
Background: Presentations of lower extremity compression palsies are rare and exist only in case reports. The true incidence of emergency department (ED) presentations of bilateral sciatic nerve palsy, "toilet bowl neuropathy," is unknown. The following is a case of a 28-year-old active duty Navy woman who presented to our ED ...
Trocchia Aron - - 2010
Segmental neurofibromatosis (NF-5) is an extremely rare variant of neurofibromatosis involving a single extremity without pathologic features beyond the midline. A case of segmental neurofibromatosis involving the sciatic nerve and its branches is presented with a detailed description of the patient's preoperative findings plus postoperative course through 1-year follow-up. Clinical, ...
Katsuno Makoto - - 2010
Trigeminal neuropathy and neuralgia are most commonly caused by vascular compression. Only 9 cases of trigeminal neuropathy and neuralgia due to pontine infarction have been reported in medical literature. A 68-year-old man presented numbness and sharp pain on the right side of his face. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a wedge-shaped ...
Mundinger Gerhard S - - 2011
Pilomatricomas greater than 5cm in dimension (i.e. "giant" pilomatricomas) are uncommon, especially in the cheek. A brief review of the literature is presented. We report a rare case of a giant pilomatricoma of the right cheek immediately overlying and involving the lateral lobe of the parotid gland. The tumour was removed ...
Ali T - - 2010
In the light of current concerns regarding ciprofloxacin resistance and the changing face of malignant otitis externa, we reviewed cases of malignant otitis externa treated in our centre, in order both to evaluate the current epidemiology of the condition and to assess the status of drug resistance in our patient ...
Lal Vivek - - 2010
Comorbidity refers to the presence of an additional co-existing ailment in a patient with a particular index disease. Migraine co-morbidities have been reported in various clinical and case control studies. Comorbidities impose a high socio-economic burden on society and compromise the quality of life in migraineurs. There are several factors ...
Guthikonda Bharat - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: In this case report, delayed facial palsy developed in a patient without any direct manipulation of the main part of the facial nerve during an anterior petrosal approach. We discuss putative etiologies and management techniques that may help avoid this problem. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 21-year-old woman underwent anterior petrosectomy ...
Koutsouraki Ephrosyni - - 2010
Kimmerle's anomaly also known as ponticulus posticus is a common anatomical variation of the atlas, the first cervical vertebra. It is the product of the complete or incomplete ossification of the posterior atlanto-occipital membrane over the vertebral artery groove resulting in the formation of a foramen (arcuate foramen) containing the ...
Yalinay Dikmen Pinar - - 2010
Ulnar nerve lesions may occur at different sublocations at wrist and may involve various branches of the nerve. Standard neurophysiological studies are generally insufficient in revealing these lesions. Demonstration of conduction block and/or focal slowing of nerve conduction is the most definitive electrodiagnostic evidence for the localization of segmental demyelination. ...
Majithia A - - 2010
We report a rare case of a nasal glioma found incidentally in an adult, presenting with visual loss, optic nerve oedema and proptosis. A 41-year-old woman presented with bilateral proptosis, impairment in visual acuity (6/60 bilaterally) and loss of colour vision. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed proptosis, bilateral ...
Mohammed Safraz - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: In this short illustrated review, we present the case of a frontal lobe schwannoma without cranial nerve or sellar attachment and a sellar schwannoma which mimicked a pituitary adenoma. LITERATURE REVIEW: We review the rare occurrence of sellar region schwannomas, their clinical presentation, operative management, outcomes, and the possible ...
Suarez-Calvet Marc - - 2010
Peripheral nerve disorders are a common complication in HIV patients, reaching 15% of them. Several patterns and aetiologies have been described, being lumbosacral poliradiculoneuropathy one of them. We describe an HIV-1-infected patient who developed lumbosacral poliradiculoneuropathy caused by Human herpesvirus 2 and review the literature about this uncommon condition.
Al-Jabri Talal - - 2010
Lipofibromatous hamartoma is a rare tumour of peripheral nerves which is characterised by an excessive infiltration of the epineurium and perineurium by fibroadipose tissue. To the best of our knowledge, only approximately 88 cases are reported in the literature. We report a rare case of lipofibromatous hamartoma of the median ...
Kalita J - - 2010
Respiratory paralysis due to renal tubular acidosis (RTA) is rare. We report a 22-year-old lady who developed severe bulbar, respiratory and limb paralysis following respiratory infection. She had hypokalemia (1.6 meq/L) and hyperchloremic (110 meq/l) acidosis (pH 7.1). She was diagnosed as distal RTA by ammonium chloride test. She improved ...
Edizer Deniz Tuna - - 2010
Hypoglossal schwannoma is a rarely encountered skull base lesion that has generally both intracranial and extracranial parts. This article reports a case of hypoglossal schwannoma that is purely extracranial and presents itself only with persistent headache. Magnetic resonance imaging delineated a mass at the skull base that consisted of both ...
Isaac S M - - 2010
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is a compressive neuropathy of the median nerve in the carpal tunnel. It is the most common peripheral entrapment neuropathy. The surgical management includes dividing the flexor retinaculum to decompress the median nerve. Post-operative mobilization of the wrist is controversial. Some surgeons splint the wrist for ...
Ahuja Yachna - - 2010
We report the incidental finding of megalopapilla in the contralateral eye of a 10-year-old black child with optic nerve hypoplasia. Megalopapilla is a rare entity characterized by an enlarged optic disk without other morphologic abnormalities except for an enlarged cup/disk ratio. To the best of our knowledge, the concurrence of ...
Opie Neil John - - 2010
A case of Collet-Sicard Syndrome caused by skull base metastasis of probable breast adenocarcinoma is reported. A 79-year-old lady presented to the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department with progressive left-sided tongue symptoms that she described as swelling. This was initially attributed to local disease, and a biopsy showed the patient ...
Sanjay Srinivasan - - 2009
Based on a review of 20 well-documented cases reported in the English literature between 1968 and 2008, herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) may rarely be associated with complete unilateral ophthalmoplegia, defined here as impaired ocular ductions in all 4 directions within 3 months of onset of manifestations of HZO. Ophthalmoplegia occurred ...
Natsis K - - 2009
The median artery usually regresses after the eighth week of intrauterine life, but in some cases it persists into adulthood. The persistent median artery (PMA) passes through the carpal tunnel of the wrist, accompanying the median nerve. During anatomical dissection in our department, we found two unilateral cases of PMA ...
Saleh Z - - 2010
A 48-year-old woman presented with isolated sixth cranial nerve palsy. She subsequently developed systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) based on clinical and laboratory parameters. Three years later, she presented again with sixth cranial nerve palsy affecting the contralateral eye. Within 2 weeks of steroid initiation, complete recovery occurred. The unusual rare ...
Sachanandani Neil S - - 2010
Intraneural perineurioma is a benign peripheral nerve sheath tumor of perineurial cell origin. We present the case of an intraneural perineurioma of the median nerve in a 23-year-old woman which posed a diagnostic challenge. Ultrasonography was found to be a quick, easy, and effective screening tool for identifying the source ...
Stouffer Chadwick W - - 2010
Schwannomas are relatively uncommon, benign nerve sheath tumors. Thoracic schwannomas most often appear in the posterior mediastinum. Pulmonary schwannomas are exceedingly rare and can present a diagnostic challenge. We present a case of an endobronchial schwannoma presenting with bronchial obstruction and review the literature of this unusual entity.
Baabor Marcos - - 2010
We report the case of a woman with short-lasting unilateral, neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing (SUNCT) whose severe headache attacks ceased after percutaneous balloon compression of the Gasserian ganglion. The patient remains pain free after 10-year follow-up. This may be the first literature report of SUNCT in ...
Figueroa Juan J - - 2010
We report two elderly siblings with atypical myopathic weakness due to facioscapulohumeral dystrophy (FSHD). The proband presented with isolated facial diplegia, and her brother developed late onset facial and limb-girdle weakness. Both siblings had a 4q35 deletion with the same residual fragment size (25 kb) confirming FSHD. This report highlights ...
Jeevarethinam Anand - - 2009
Herpes zoster or shingles is the reactivation of dormant varicella zoster virus (VZV) in the dorsal root ganglia. Segmental motor paresis is rare and only few cases of brachial plexitis have been reported in the literature. This case reports herpes zoster resulting in unilateral brachial plexitis with predominant radial nerve ...
Gaffen Andrew S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Paresthesia is an adverse event that may be associated with the administration of local anesthetics in dentistry. The purpose of this retrospective study was to analyze cases of paresthesia associated with local anesthetic injection that were voluntarily reported to Ontario"s Professional Liability Program (PLP) from 1999 to 2008 inclusive, ...
Ma Qin - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to provide the management guidelines for facial nerve schwannomas (FNSs) presenting as a parotid mass. STUDY DESIGN: The study is a case report and literature review. METHODS: Four clinical cases of patients with an asymptomatic parotid mass diagnosed as FNS are presented. The patient's presentation, the ...
Artiaco S - - 2010
Documented experience of treatment of digital nerve lesions with the termino-lateral (end-to-side) nerve suture is limited. Our clinical experience of this technique is detailed here alongside a systematic review of the previous literature. We performed, from 2002 to 2008, seven termino-lateral sutures with epineural window opening for digital nerve lesions. ...
Trigkilidas Dionysios - - 2009
Neuritis ossificans is an extremely rare reactive process affecting peripheral nerves, which can be challenging to diagnose and treat. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an excellent imaging modality for these lesions, showing inflammatory reaction around the nerve. Only a few cases have been previously reported, and all of the patients ...
Barut Sener S Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Gaziosmanpasa University School of Medicine, Tokat, Turkey. - - 2009
Neuropsychiatric side effects of long-term recombinant interferon-alpha therapy consist of a large spectrum of symptoms. In the literature, cranial neuropathy, especially Bell's palsy, and movement disorders, have been reported much less often than other neurotoxic effects. We report a case of Bell's palsy in a patient with chronic hepatitis C ...
Lee Seung Young - - 2009
The narrow duplicated internal auditory canal (IAC) is a very rare malformation, and there is no report about the narrow triplicated IAC in the literature. It has been believed to be associated with congenital sensorineural hearing loss and to be a result of aplasia or hypoplasia of the vestibulocochlear nerve ...
Retrosi Giuseppe - - 2009
Schwannoma is a benign neoplasia of the peripheral nerve sheath. Its localization in the gastrointestinal tract, and in particular in the esophagus, is very rare. According to the existing literature esophageal schwannoma has been reported so far only in adult patients. We report the case of an 11 year old ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2009
The literature lacks a comprehensive review of the petrosal nerves, which often have a complicated course and nomenclature. The medical literature was reviewed comprehensively for information regarding the anatomy, pathology, and surgery of the petrosal nerves. The terminology and anatomy of the petrosal nerves are often complicated. Our review found ...
Touzri Raja Anane - - 2009
Schwannoma, also referred to as neurilemmoma, is a benign tumor of peripheral nerve arising from Schwann cells that form the neural sheath. Schwannoma of ophthalmic interest is rare although it has been reported in relation with the orbit, and less frequently with the uveal tract and conjunctiva. Isolated eyelid schwannoma ...
Choi Eun-Hye - - 2009
Inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) anesthesia is one of the most common procedures in the dental clinic. Although this procedure is well known for its safety, complications can still occur. An ocular complication such as diplopia, loss of vision, or ophthalmoplegia is very rare, but once it happens, both the ...
Noorizan Y - - 2009
Facial nerve palsy with a parotid mass is usually associated with malignant neoplasm of parotid gland. Its occurrence as a complication of parotid abscess is extremely rare. A literature review revealed only 16 cases of facial nerve palsy associated with suppurative parotitis or parotid abscess were reported. We present a ...
Castellini Paola - - 2009
Recently, some authors detected increased frequency or new onset of migraine with aura (MA) after atrial septal defect (ASD) closure. We report the effects of ASD closure on the occurrence of MA in three patients of Parma Headache Centre. Two of them developed MA after the procedure one had a ...
Foley E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Transient, isolated lingual nerve neuropraxia is a rare complication following general anaesthesia. Reports implicate airway manipulation and we describe two new cases associated with laryngeal mask airway (LMA) and review the related English language literature. RESULTS: Unilateral numbness and loss of taste on the anterior tongue were the characteristic ...
White Wesley M - - 2009
In 1997, the first report of sural nerve interposition grafting during radical prostatectomy was published in Urology. The favorable findings in this initial pilot study generated numerous follow-up reports that have demonstrated conflicting and contradictory outcomes. Certainly, controversy exists regarding the true benefit of nerve grafting. This review will objectively ...
Vordenbäumen Stefan - - 2009
A case of isolated unilateral hypertrophy of the Musculus temporalis identified by magnetic resonance imaging associated with recurrent hemicranial headache in a 22-year-old woman with Turkish ancestry is presented. Symptomatic relief was achieved by administration of acetaminophen. A review of the literature is presented and additional treatment options are discussed.
Santaolalla F - - 2009
Trigeminal plexiform neurofibromas involving the orbit and the infratemporal fossa are rare tumours. An uncommon case of a plexiform neurofibroma of the trigeminal nerve occurring in a 53-year-old female patient with severe cosmetic deformity is reported. The clinical findings, neuroradiographic features, surgical management, postoperative results and follow-up of trigeminal plexiform ...
Slagle William Scott - - 2009
PURPOSE: This presentation exhibits a case report and review of multiple reported cases of hyperemic optic disc swelling in patients with diabetes. After excluding all other known causes of optic nerve insult, this pathology has typically been labeled as diabetic papillopathy. CASE REPORT: We offer a case of a 65-year-old ...
Lollar Kevin Wayne - - 2010
Schwannomas are rare, benign neoplasms that can arise from any cranial, peripheral, or autonomic nerve that contains Schwann cells. Approximately 25% to 45% of all schwannomas occur in the head and neck. They occur most commonly in the eighth cranial nerve, but it has been reported that 20% to 58% ...
Shah Nilima D - - 2009
The coexistence of different types of trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias is a rare phenomenon. The two different types of headache may occur either at two different periods or simultaneously at the same time. We report a 22-year-old male who had cluster headache (CH) and chronic paroxysmal hemicrania (CPH) since the onset ...
Estey Andrea - - 2009
Headaches are common during childhood and a common pediatric presentation to emergency departments (EDs). The most common diagnoses for acute headache in the pediatric ED are viral upper respiratory tract infection with fever, sinusitis, and migraine, accounting for 70% to 75% of presentations; serious neurologic diagnoses are rare. Most literature ...
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