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Federico A - - 1990
We report an 8-year-old patient with clinical features suggesting Leigh's syndrome and with a decreased activity of the E1 component of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex in cultured skin fibroblasts. A nerve biopsy showed the presence of severe peripheral neuropathy, rarely described in the literature. The partial correction of lactic acidosis ...
Watnick R L - - 1989
An 11-year-old boy with a juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma developed optic disc pallor in one eye and optic disc edema in the other eye (Foster Kennedy Syndrome [FKS]). The mechanism was believed to be bilateral, asymmetric optic nerve compression. Review of the 36 previously reported cases of FKS revealed that 12 ...
Bowerman L S - - 1989
Migraine is responsible for a variety of monocular and binocular transient visual field phenomena. These disturbances can mimic symptoms of serious neurologic disease. This paper presents three cases of transient migrainous vision loss and highlights current knowledge regarding migraine. Conditions to be considered in the differential diagnosis of transient field ...
Bilge T - - 1989
A case of hemangioma of the peroneal nerve is presented. The tumor, which exerted compression on the main trunk of the peroneal nerve, was excised without causing damage to the nerve. Symptoms due to compression vanished within a month, and there was no recurrence in the 14 months that followed.
Maiuri F - - 1989
The congenital anomalies of the lumbosacral nerve roots have frequently been found in the past as operative findings during surgery for protruded disc and are today diagnosed preoperatively with increasing frequency. They include the more cranial or more caudal origin of a nerve root, the conjoined structure of two roots ...
Yaku Y - - 1989
Vestibular sensory organs were examined ultrastructurally in two cases of delayed endolymphatic hydrops. The patients, two women, 27 and 16 years of age, suffered profound sensory hearing loss in childhood and experienced severe, recurrent vertigo. Specimens were obtained by a translabyrinthial vestibular nerve transection. We studied the utricular macula and ...
Goel U C - - 1989
A clinical analysis and electrophysiological study was performed in 40 cases of peripheral neuropathy. Motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV) and electromyography (EMG) were also recorded in 20 healthy volunteers. Twelve cases were of diabetic neuropathy (DN), nine of Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS), eight of idiopathic, six of leprous, three of toxic ...
Kilinç Y - - 1989
An 8-year-old boy was presented with central facial palsy caused by extramedullary leukemia which had originated from poorly differentiated abdominal lymphoma. On cerebral tomographic scanning, there were adherences in the basal area of the brain. The occurrence of central facial palsy is very rare in childhood leukemia. However, in this ...
Krishnamurthy S N - - 1989
Left recurrent laryngeal nerve runs a long intrathoracic course in close relationship to the aortic arch and adjacent heart structures and, hence, is liable to be injured by diseases affecting the heart and its great vessels. We report a case of Ebstein's anomaly causing left recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis in ...
Rossi L N - - 1989
Migraine in children is diagnosed in presence of paroxystic episodes of headache which recur with free intervals, provided intracranial diseases are excluded. Pathogenesis of this disorder is unclear; migraine with and migraine without aura may be different entities. Many factors can precipitate a migraine attack. In school age, psychologic stress ...
Binitie O P - - 1989
A 13-year old Nigerian boy presented with a painless swelling which had grown, over ten years, into a pulsatile monstrous deformity of the left side of the face. Histology of the excised tissue showed a plexiform neurofibroma. It manifested with cutaneous, ocular and bony features. There was also a left ...
Sjaastad O - - 1989
The localization of a headache is a matter of importance for the diagnosis. Migraine is considered to be a unilateral headache. There is, however, only limited information available on the constancy of the unilaterality: how frequently is the pain locked to one side? This aspect is of importance in the ...
Scott T F - - 1989
Peripheral nerve injury due to handcuff placement has been reported in the past, always involving the superficial radial nerve, and sometimes involving other peripheral nerves at the wrist. We present two unusual cases in which the ulnar nerves were affected, but the radial nerves were normal or only minimally affected. ...
Allieu P Y - - 1989
Peripheral nerve mucoid degeneration of the upper extremity is an extremely rare entity. Four new cases encountered in a 14-year period are added to the 10 cases reported in the world literature. Usually affecting males in their forties, it is heralded by an entrapement type syndrome. Pain, paresthesias, paralysis, and ...
Andrews J C - - 1989
Paralysis of the facial nerve in association with suppurative parotitis is rare, with only ten previously reported cases. In some situations, inflammation surrounding a benign neoplasm accounted for the observed paralysis. In this article, three new cases of parotitis with associated facial nerve dysfunction are described, none of which was ...
Okeda R - - 1989
Two autopsy cases of siblings with the adult pigment (Peiffer) type of sudanophilic leukodystrophy (SLD), which demonstrated the full-blown stage (case 1) and early stage (case 2) of demyelination, were examined. Numerous brown pigments deposited in demyelinated cerebral areas were characterized histochemically and ultrastructurally as lipofuscin and ceroid. Under the ...
Galetta S L - - 1989
Twenty-seven cases of chronic isolated abduction deficit, seen in 25 years of neuro-ophthalmology consultation, were reviewed. "Isolated" was defined as the lack of any other neurologic or ophthalmologic findings for at least six months. Cases were further subdivided into the categories of true and pseudo-abducens paresis. The origin, diagnosis, and ...
Linden P - - 1989
A "delayed swallowing reflex/response" (i.e., when the swallow reflex is not triggered when the bolus passes the back of the tongue at the anterior facial arch) Logemann has been widely accepted as an abnormality. Careful review of the literature supports the premise that a "delayed swallowing reflex/response" may in fact ...
Suematsu N - - 1989
A case of brachial plexus injury caused by electric current is reported. A 14-year-old boy touched a bare electric cord with his right fifth finger. The electric current ran from the finger through the extremity to the neck. Then it caused brachial plexus palsy gradually. The clinical course and the ...
Kavanagh K T - - 1989
A case is reported in whom there was a unilateral complete arrest of differentiation of the otocyst associated with an ipsilateral mild hemifacial hypoplasia and auricular abnormalities. The patient's tympanic membrane and VII nerve function were normal and a normal ossicular mass was identified on CT Scan. This case illustrates ...
Simon L T - - 1989
A case of chronic, sporadic, slowly progressive, purely sensory, ataxic neuropathy is reported. In previously published similar cases only muscle and nerve biopsies have been available for study. In the present case the patient died of an unrelated illness 39 years after onset of the neuropathy. A full neuropathological study ...
Bamforth J S - - 1989
We describe 2 patients with unilateral facial and cerebral malformations consistent with encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis. The characteristic facial appearance seems to develop with age, possibly as a consequence of increased intracranial pressure. However, the clinical data suggest that this condition arises as a result of a disruption of cephalic neural crest ...
Pham B N - - 1989
A case of nonfamilial juvenile polyposis coli was associated ganglioneuromatous proliferation in the polyps is described. The ganglioneuromatous proliferation was characterized by clusters of mature ganglion cells and nerve fiber bundles in the lamina propria and submucosa of the juvenile polyps. The patient had no history of von Recklinghausen's disease ...
Albert F K - - 1988
The coincidence of a lumbar disk herniation L4-5 and a neurinoma at the L5 nerve root in a 52-year-old male is reported. The clinical course revealed typical signs of a herniated disk, whereas the tumour was accidentally found by myelography initially performed for the suspected prolapse. Both lesions were removed ...
Rabinowich L - - 1988
The neuro-ophthalmologic spectrum of temporal arteritis (TA) is broad and includes such diverse presentations as ischemic optic neuropathy, retinal infarction, anterior ocular segment dysfunction, ophthalmoparesis, and cortical blindness. A common clinical dictum suggests that third nerve palsies are associated with pupillary sparing in this systemic arteritis. We present a biopsy-proven ...
Maruoka N - - 1988
A case of cavernous hemangioma of the optic nerve of a 24-year-old pregnant woman is reported. The visual disturbance with subacute onset was thought to be related to the delivery of a child. The lesion was totally removed through the subfrontal approach, resulting in satisfactory recovery of visual symptoms. Cavernous ...
Cramer S F - - 1988
Benign salivary ductular and acinar structures were demonstrated within an enlarged, disorderly intraparotid nerve in association with a mucoepidermoid carcinoma that did not, itself, manifest perineural invasion. Salivary gland can thus be added to the growing list of tissues in which "perineural invasion" by noncancerous epithelium has been observed. The ...
Woo C C - - 1988
The neurological features of acromegaly are reviewed and two cases are reported. The most common neurological complications of active hypersomatotropism are headache, acroparesthesia and visual disturbance. Primary peripheral neuropathy, myopathy, entrapment myelopathy and/or cauda equina syndrome are uncommon, especially in young acromegalics. It is postulated that peripheral neuropathy in acromegaly ...
Lauschke H - - 1988
A case of monstrous deformity of the right hand in a six-year-old girl is reported. The index, middle and ring fingers showed extreme macrodactyly including the metacarpals belonging to these fingers. This deformity, which was associated with syndactyly of the middle and ring fingers, was caused by bone overgrowth in ...
Brookes C N - - 1988
A case report of a unilateral lower motor neurone facial nerve paralysis complicating bilateral fractures of the mandible is described. The injury was the result of a fall. The differential diagnosis is discussed together with the treatment undertaken. The importance of a thorough examination of the cranial nerves following trauma ...
Zuckerman J D - - 1988
Benign solitary schwannomas of the foot are a rare occurrence; only four cases have been previously reported. A schwannoma associated with the medial plantar nerve present for more than 40 years before the onset of symptoms was diagnosed in a 73-year-old man. Excision of the mass, with preservation of the ...
Ai C X - - 1988
Clinical manifestations and epidemiological characteristics of Lyme disease in Hailin county, Heilongjiang Province, China have been reported. The clinical picture of erythema chronicum migrans (ECM) is variable. ECM in the form of annular erythematous patch is uncommon. It is an extensive and indurated lesion. In some instances, a vesicle or ...
Vaghadia H - - 1988
Two cases with rib injuries are reported where intercostal nerve block without rib palpation was safely and successfully performed on six separate occasions using a Doppler blood-flow detector ultrasound stethoscope. A third case studied by a radiologist using a pulsed Doppler flowmeter, determined the source of the Doppler signals as ...
Kornreich L - - 1988
Osteopathia striata (OS) is a rare bone dysplasia characterized by longitudinal sclerotic striations of the long bones. It is of no clinical importance, but OS associated with cranial sclerosis represents a separate entity with a high incidence of palatine malformations and deafness. Only 19 cases of this entity have been ...
Hiraide F - - 1988
Two patients with sudden progressive profound hearing loss resulting from Ramsay Hunt syndrome are reported. Case 1: A 63-year-old woman was admitted to Jichi Medical School Hospital with sudden, progressing deafness of the left ear, vertigo, sore throat, and hoarseness. An otoscopic examination revealed the external ear and the tympanic ...
Schmalbruch H - - 1987
A newborn girl with atonia and arthrogryposis multiplex required mechanical ventilation; she died on the 14th day. Postmortem muscle histology disclosed nemaline myopathy with a lack of myofibrils. Peripheral nerves appeared to be normal. The parents are first cousins. The findings for 13 other patients who died from nemaline myopathy ...
Reddy K - - 1987
Glossopharyngeal neuralgia is an uncommon craniofacial pain syndrome. An association with syncope is even less common. We report a case illustrating that the glossopharyngeal neuralgia-syncope syndrome can occur without pain in the sensory distribution of the glossopharyngeal nerve and that it can have similar consequences. We suggest that permanent cardiac ...
Rosenblum B - - 1987
A case of an intracranial facial schwannoma originating from the geniculate ganglion in a patient without neurofibromatosis is presented. Preoperative diagnosis and determination of site of origin along the facial nerve course is stressed through analysis of radiographic and clinical features. The tumor was completely removed using an intracranial, extradural ...
Favero K J - - 1987
Complications of peripheral nerve injury arising from the surgical treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome are not uncommon. No documented report of the association of ulnar nerve injury with carpal tunnel decompression has been found. This case-study describes partial laceration of the ulnar nerve as a complication of carpal tunnel surgery ...
Hirabayashi S - - 1987
A case of neurilemoma originating from the ansa cervicalis is presented. Available literature is reviewed, and the rarity of the tumor is discussed. It is believed that some cases of neurilemoma in which the nerve of origin was not identified may in reality have originated from the ansa cervicalis.
Ouvrier R A - - 1987
The clinical and histopathological features in sural nerve biopsies from 10 cases of dominantly inherited hypertrophic Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (HMSN), type I) presenting in childhood are contrasted with those of 6 cases of Dejerine-Sottas disease (HMSN type III). There was a significantly greater incidence of ataxia, ...
Graf M - - 1987
Previous reports on neuropathy in Lyme disease and related disorders suggest predominant demyelination in most of the few cases investigated. We analysed retrospectively electrophysiologic data in 29 patients with MPN-GBB. In peripheral nerve involvement slowed NCV and/or prolonged DL was the prominent finding, concordant with primary demyelination. Distribution of pathology ...
Barontini F - - 1987
Two patients are described who had suffered for 12 years from episodes of painful ophthalmoplegia consistent with a Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS) alternating with palsies of cranial nerves other than the oculomotor (fifth motor and seventh on both sides). These two cases, as well as other similar ones previously reported in ...
Huizing E H - - 1987
The pathological findings due to aminoglycoside ototoxicity in man, as reported in the literature, is reviewed. 21 cases (40 ears) have been studied after serial sectioning, 8 cases (12 ears) have been investigated by the microdissection and surface preparation technique. The combination of both methods provides maximal information. OHCs are ...
Lipkin A F - - 1987
Primary tumors of the facial nerve are relatively rare and have a variety of presenting symptoms. This article reviews 248 cases of facial neuroma in the world's literature and adds seven cases that were managed at the Baylor College of Medicine. Facial weakness was most common symptom, with facial spasm ...
Cantini R - - 1987
Trigeminal neurinomas, unlike those of the acoustic nerve or of other cranial nerves, are relatively frequent in adolescence, making up 10% of the total. Two cases are described, bringing the number of reports in the world literature up to 13. The clinical, radiological and surgical data on these tumors are ...
Oryshkevich R S - - 1986
Polyneuropathy resulting from industrial exposure to solvent n-hexane is widely recognized and reported in the medical literature. We report a case followed for 16 years with a series of electromyographic and nerve conduction studies. A 63-year-old man was exposed to glue fumes in a cabinet-making factory. This exposure resulted in ...
Levy R - - 1986
A case is presented of a 5.5-year-old girl admitted with acute mastoiditis and facial nerve palsy. The final diagnosis of leukemic infiltration of the mastoid bone, middle ear and VIIth cranial nerve was made only after surgery and histological examination. Similar cases described in the English literature are reviewed and ...
Cohn B T - - 1986
Injury to the 11th cranial nerve is not uncommon and is usually associated with surgical procedures in the posterior triangle of the neck. Although palsy resultant from external trauma has been described, there have been no cases reported of this injury occurring in a wrestler. This paper reports on such ...
Levinson J B - - 1986
Two cases of pseudopapilledema secondary to optic nerve drusen were presented. The first case demonstrated the difficulty of ophthalmoscopic differentiation in children and the possible misapplication of invasive neurologic procedures. The second case report demonstrated the relatively greater ease of ophthalmoscopic differentiation in adults and the familial and progressive nature ...
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