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Berardi Rossana R a Medical Oncology , Università Politecnica delle Marche, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Ospedali Riuniti Umberto I-GM Lancisi-G Salesi , Ancona , - - 2015
The aim of the study was to determine the potential role of occupational exposures to chromium (Cr) in the onset of extragonadal germinal embryonal carcinoma. The first two cases of workers in a company with Cr exposure are reported. The published scientific literature regarding the topic in peer-reviewed journals including ...
Serrano Oscar K - - 2014
Primary splenic angiosarcoma is an extremely rare and aggressive neoplasm of the vasculature. Uniformly, primary splenic angiosarcoma is a fatal disease despite early diagnosis and treatment. Only patients with localized disease amenable to surgical resection achieve long-term, disease-free survival. We present a review of the literature and report a case ...
Ryan Neil N United Bristol Healthcare NHS Trust, ENT Bristol, United - - 2014
Background: Collision Tumours of the thyroid are a rare pathology that present a diagnostic and treatment challenge. Here we present an interesting case and a review of the current literature as to inform management. Methods and Results: An 88 year old lady presented with acute airway compromise and vocal cord ...
Schänzer Anne - - 2014
Familial amyloid polyneuropathy is a rare autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in the transthyretin gene, TTR. Diagnosis can be challenging, especially if other family members are not affected or an obvious systemic involvement is lacking. The patients are often misdiagnosed, leading to a delay in the initiation of therapy. ...
Stalin C C Catherine Stalin, School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Bearsden Road, Glasgow, G61 1QH, United Kingdom, Phone: +44 141 3305 848, Fax: +44 141 3303 663, E-mail: - - 2014
Atlantoaxial subluxation was first reported in dogs nearly fifty years ago. Since that time a better understanding of the aetiologies predisposing to joint laxity and instability has been achieved. Surgeons however are still trying to address the problems associated with stabilizing this joint which by nature is often required in ...
Zhou Weimin W Department of Urology, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410013, P.R. China ; Department of Abdominal Surgery, Jiangxi Cancer Hospital, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330029, P.R. - - 2014
Metaplastic changes in the renal pelvis are infrequent and may be malignant transformations to adenocarcinoma. The current study reports a case of intestinal metaplasia in the right renal pelvis, which was associated with staghorn calculi, in a 56-year-old female. The patient underwent a percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Immunohistochemical assessment of the mucosa ...
Layfield Lester J LJ From the Department of Pathology & Anatomical Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia. - - 2014
Certain laboratory tests are critical for patient care and must be communicated rapidly. Professional societies have developed guidelines for reporting of "critical values" and significant or unexpected surgical pathology findings. Urgent diagnoses requiring rapid reporting include new or unexpected diagnoses of malignancy. The University of Missouri established a "cancer-tracking" protocol ...
Hitchcock Thomas M TM Ulthera, Inc., Mesa, AZ, - - 2014
The Safety of Microfocused Ultrasound with Visualization (MFU-V) has been well established in both controlled clinical studies and in clinical use, showing only mild and transient anticipated side effects and only rare unanticipated adverse events (AEs). This publication discusses the safety profile of MFU-V based on data from a variety ...
Carruthers Jean D A JD Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada From the University of British - - 2014
Vascular occlusion causing blindness is a rare yet greatly feared complication of the use of facial aesthetic fillers. The authors performed a review of the aesthetic literature to ascertain the reported cases of blindness and the literature reporting variations in the vascular anatomy of the human face. The authors suggest ...
Liberman Paulina P Faculty of Medicine, Universidad de Chile , Santiago , Chile - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To describe the pattern of uveitis in a tertiary center in Santiago, Chile. Methods: We reviewed all of the case records with a presumptive diagnosis of uveitis from patients referred to the Uveitis Department of Hospital del Salvador between 2002 and 2012. Initial assessment was standardized. We tested ...
Meena Umesh Kumar UK Department of Orthopaedics, SMS Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur, - - 2014
Various musculoskeletal injuries are well known complications of epilepsy either because of direct trauma or because of unbalanced forceful muscle contraction. We report a case of non-traumatic bilateral central acetabular fracture dislocation due to seizure activity induced by neurocysticercosis of the brain, which was managed conservatively and obtained reasonable good ...
Elkordy Alaa A Department of Neurosurgery, Tohoku University, Graduate school of medicine, Sendai, Japan; Department of Neuroendovascular Therapy, Tohoku University, Graduate school of medicine, Sendai, Japan; Neuroendovascular Section, Department of Neurology, Tanta University, Tanta, - - 2014
Spinal arteriovenous metameric syndrome (SAMS) is a subgroup of spinal arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Most SAMS cases have intra- and extradural AVM and suffer from hematomyelia, subarachnoid hemorrhage, or venous congestive myelopathy. To present a rare case of SAMS in which spinal AVMs were exclusively epidural. We review previous literature and ...
Saunier Jordane J Dermatology Department, Centre Hospitalier Lyon-Sud, Pierre-Bénite, - - 2014
Acrodermatitis continua of Hallopeau (ACH) is a rare form of chronic acral pustular eruption. Considered to be a variant of pustular psoriasis, it is a refractory condition that may not respond to conventional treatments. We report herein the case of a 53-year-old patient whose ACH was refractory to all conventional ...
Aigner Birgit B Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, - - 2014
Background: Accidental extravasation of anthracyclines might result in devastating side effects and complications, including necrosis of tissue, with impairment of neighboring structures - most of them requiring surgery. Following recent approach guidelines, intravenous administration of dexrazoxane within 6 h after the event is recommended. Case Report: We report on a ...
Zhang Kun - - 2014
BackgroundPatients with congenital absence of the portal vein (CAPV) often suffer from additional medical complications such as hepatic tumors and cardiac malformations.Case presentationCongenital absence of the portal vein (CAPV) is a rare malformation. We present a case of a 16-year-old Chinese girl with CAPV with multiple pathology-proven hepatic focal nodular ...
Carpenter Robert J RJ Department of Infectious Diseases, Naval Medical Center San DiegoLaboratory Department, Naval Medical Center San - - 2014
Acid-fast bacillus (AFB) spinal osteomyelitis in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is often presumed to be caused by reactivated Mycobacterium tuberculosis. However, other AFB pathogens can mimic M. tuberculosis and, to ensure appropriate and adequate therapy, should be considered by clinicians. We present a case of aggressive spinal ...
Chen Shumin S Shandong Provincial Institute of Dermatology, Shandong Provincial Academy of Medical Sciences Jinan, Shandong, - - 2014
Lichen planus pigmentosus-inversus is a rare variant of lichen planus. So far, only 24 cases from 12 reports have been documented in the published work. The prominent characteristics of the disease are dark-brown macules and patches confined to the non-sun exposed, flexural areas and skin folds with lichenoid pathological changes ...
Mathur Moses M Temple University Hospital, Department of Medicine, Section of Cardiovascular Diseases, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2014
Deep vein thrombosis related to immobilization is a common and extensively studied disorder, particularly in hospitalized patients. However, the phenomenon of iatrogenic venous compression (IAVC) and related deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is under-recognized and under-reported. In the absence of relieving the compressive pathology, the recanalization rates are expected to be ...
Carranco-Medina Tatiana Elizabeth TE Servicio de Reumatología, Hospital Universitario de Salamanca, Salamanca, España; Instituto de investigación biomédica de Salamanca (IBSAL), Salamanca, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
SAPHO (synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis and osteitis) syndrome is a cluster of osteo-cutaneous manifestations that can lead to serious complications such as thrombosis of the subclavian vein or superior vena cava, mainly in patients with significant inflammatory involvement of the anterior-chest-wall. The objective of this study was to review the ...
Kumar V R Roopesh VR Department of Neurosurgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry, - - 2014
Tuberculous infection of the cavernous sinus and Meckel's cave is extremely rare. In this report, we describe a patient with tuberculoma of the cavernous sinus and Meckel's cave, extending to the petrous apex. The patient underwent microsurgical excision of the lesion and antitubercular chemotherapy resulting in a good outcome. We ...
Koyuncuer Ali A Department of Pathology, Antakya State Hospital, Hatay, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare neoplasm of various anatomical sites, which is histopathologically characterized by spindle-shaped cells with myofibroblastic proliferation and inflammatory infiltration. In this case report, a 37-year-old man presented with nonspecific systemic symptoms, including abdominal pain and weakness, which was diagnosed by multislice computed tomography and ...
Bhagat Priyanka P Departments of Hematology and Internal Medicine, PGIMER, Chandigarh, - - 2014
Primary bone marrow lymphoma is a rare disease and remains undiagnosed due to deceptive clinical presentation. Here, we report four cases of primary bone marrow B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma, which presented with cytopenias without any lymphadenopathy or organomegaly. Bone marrow examination revealed large atypical B-cells with a reactive T-cell infiltrate with ...
Vaiman M M Department of Otolaryngology, Assaf HaRofeh Medical Center, Affiliated to Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel, - - 2014
The generally accepted definition of ecthyma gangrenosum (EG) states that this condition is pathognomonic of Pseudomonas septicemia (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and that it should usually be seen in immunocompromised patients, particularly those with underlying malignant disease. The cases described in the literature present a somewhat different picture. Our objective was to ...
Jones Elizabeth E From the *Department of Medicine, †Nathan Speare Regional Burn Treatment Center, and ‡Department of Pathology, Crozer Chester Medical Center, Upland, - - 2014
Purpura fulminans (PF) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are rare and life-threatening diseases. TEN is a notorious epidermolytic condition, most cases of which are drug induced. TEN is a more severe variant of epidermal necrolysis than Stevens-Johnson syndrome, as it affects a greater percentage of skin surface area. PF occurs ...
Gunasekera Nicole N Harvard Medical School, Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Mass., - - 2014
Inflammatory vitiligo with raised borders (IVRB) is a rare subtype of vitiligo described as having a rim of raised erythema at the periphery of the depigmented patches. The etiology is poorly understood, and there are few reports of successful treatment of the condition in the literature. We report a 38-year-old ...
Huemer Martina - - 2014
BackgroundThe cblC defect is a rare inborn error of intracellular cobalamin metabolism. Biochemical hallmarks are elevated homocysteine and low methionine in plasma accompanied by methylmalonic aciduria. Due to the heterogeneous clinical picture, patients with the late-onset form of the disease (onset >12 months) come to the attention of diverse medical specialists, ...
Berie M B MB Department of Internal Medicine, Meharry Medical College, 1005 Dr. DB Todd Jr BLVD, Nashville, TN, 37208, USA, - - 2014
We describe a 52-year-old female patient who developed cardiopulmonary arrest due to neuromuscular paralysis after initiation of polymyxin B for septicemia caused by extended spectrum β-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae. Due to emerging antibiotic resistance patterns, use of polymyxins is increasing and an understanding of their toxicity is critical.
Butterworth J J Cairns Base Hospital, Cairns, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Delayed presentations of lower limb pseudoaneurysms secondary to penetrating trauma are particularly rare. Following presentation of this rare case report we review relevant published literature. We report a rare case of a 55 year old man with a progressively enlarging mass measuring 15 cm by 15 cm on his right ...
Wollina Uwe U Department of Dermatology and Allergology, Academic Teaching Hospital Dresden-Friedrichstadt, Friedrichstrasse 41, 01067, Dresden, Germany, - - 2014
Advanced squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a challenge for treatment. It is also a risk factor for unintended infestation with diptera larvae (maggots) known as myiasis. We performed a retrospective investigation in our files from 2001 to 2014 and identified three patients with SCC-associated myiasis (three men). In all three ...
Patel Forum F Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, - - 2014
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is an inflammatory disease characterized by painful skin ulcerations with undermined and erythematous borders. The etiology of PG is not well understood, but it is generally considered to be an aberrant immune response characterized by a dermal neutrophilc infiltrate. Given the existence of only a few PG ...
Peterson Asa A Department of Neurosurgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, United - - 2014
Introduction Fusarium spp is an omnipresent fungal species that may lead to fatal infections in immunocompromised populations. Spontaneous intracranial infection by Fusarium spp in immunocompetent individuals is exceedingly rare. Case Report An immunocompetent 33-year-old Hispanic woman presented with persistent headaches and was found to have a contrast-enhancing mass in the left petrous ...
Weaver Meaghann S MS Departments of *Oncology ‡Pathology, Children's National Health System, Washington, DC †Department of Oncology, St Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, - - 2014
Although solitary presentations of infantile myofibromatosis tend toward spontaneous regression, multicentric forms fare worse. Previous case reports have depicted observation, surgical resection, and systemic therapies as treatment options. This paper reports well-tolerated, successful outcomes in a series of patients with high-risk infantile myofibromatosis in need of life-sustaining interventions treated with ...
Chung Shimin J SJ Department of Infectious Diseases, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore; Department of Laboratory Medicine, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore; National Public Health Laboratory, Ministry of Health, Singapore; Communicable Diseases Centre, Institute of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore; Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University, Singapore; Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore - - 2014
Early diagnosis of dengue has been made easier in recent years owing to the advancement in diagnostic technologies. The rapid non-structural protein 1 (NS1) test strip is widely used in many developed and developing regions at risk of dengue. Despite the relatively high specificity of this test, we recently encountered ...
Zhong Jinjing J Department of Pathology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, P.R. - - 2015
Peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor/Ewing's sarcoma (pPNET/EWS) is an aggressive type of sarcoma that is rarely observed in the kidney. pPNET of the kidney principally occurs in young patients (<50 years old) and is very rare in older patients (≥50 years old). Additionally, only six cases of pPNET of the kidney ...
Wang Zhendan Z Department of Hepatology, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, University of Jinan, Jinan, Shandong 250022, P.R. - - 2015
Primary hemangioendotheliomas (HEs) of the spleen are rare, low-grade borderline-malignant vascular tumors. To date, only a few splenic HE cases have been reported in adults. In infants, one 9-year-old male patient has previously been reported, and the patient succumbed to the disease shortly following surgery. Currently, the clinical treatment and ...
Zhao HongMei H Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 450052, Henan, People's Republic of - - 2014
The objective of this study was to review all cases in literature in which the clinical manifestations of ischemic stroke and immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) were presented in the same patient including a new case of our own and discuss the possible mechanism and management of this syndrome. We reviewed 12 ...
Sheremata William W University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Department of Neurology , 1120 NW 14th Street, Miami, FL 33136 , USA - - 2014
Introduction: Outcomes of two large double-blind placebo-controlled studies of oral dimethyl fumarate (DMF) in multiple sclerosis (MS) provided the basis for its marketing approval as Tecfidera® by the US FDA in early 2013 and the European Medicines Agency in February 2014. The safety of DMF is complemented by experience in ...
Li Wentao W Department of Neurology, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, - - 2014
Cerebral aspergillosis is a rare and highly fatal hematogenous infection most commonly found in immune compromised patients. From the onset of neurologic symptoms, the median reported rate of survival is between 5 and 9 days. Compounded with increased hemorrhagic risks and the lack of specificity in both clinical presentation and traditional ...
Sinha Priyank P Department of Neurosurgery, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds, LS1 3EX, UK, - - 2014
Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumour (ATRT) is a rare and highly aggressive malignant neoplasm of the central nervous system (CNS), which occurs predominantly in children less than 2 years of age. There are less than 50 cases described in adult. We report a case of primary spinal ATRT in a 65-year-old male ...
Wooten Candace C Department of Family Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, - - 2014
Bilateral tracheal bronchus is a rare variation of the tracheobronchial tree. We present a 1-year 7-month-old male patient who presented with sepsis following endotracheal intubation. Upon review of multidetector computed tomography images, the patient was diagnosed with displaced bilateral tracheal bronchus. Imaging showed a right-sided anomalous bronchus arising 0.9 cm proximal ...
Frydrychowicz Clara C Clinic of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany; Department of Neuropathology, University Hospital Leipzig, Leipzig, - - 2014
We present two cases of atypical meningioma WHO grade II with a history of multiple local recurrences and late pulmonary metastases. Comparative cytogenetic analyses on 1p and 22q confirmed clonal origin of the primary intracranial meningiomas and the pulmonary metastases in both cases. These cases illustrate the importance of close ...
Hasan Syed Shafae SS Departments of 1Medicine and 2Pathology, University of Toledo Medical Center, Toledo, OH; and 3Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Toledo Medical Center, Toledo, - - 2014
Autoimmune enteropathy (AIE) is a rare disease that causes intractable diarrhea not responsive to a gluten free diet and must be distinguished from refractory sprue. It is associated with circulating autoantibodies against goblet cells and enterocytes. AIE mainly involves the small intestines, with very few cases reported in adults. Because ...
Desai Stuti V SV Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey, - - 2014
Inflammatory pseudotumor is a benign idiopathic inflammatory process often misdiagnosed as an infection or neoplasm. This review analyzes all reported cases of sinonasal and ventral skull base inflammatory pseudotumor to date, and provides a framework for evaluation and management of this uncommon condition. MEDLINE/PubMed database. A search for articles related ...
Mahajan Vrushali V Department of Histopathology, First Floor, SSRB Block, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Rajinder Nagar, New Delhi, 110060, - - 2014
Angiosarcoma arising in a schwannoma is extremely rare with only fourteen cases having been reported in the literature to the best of our knowledge. Amongst these fourteen, only five cases developed from vagal schwannoma. We describe a case of epithelioid angiosarcoma arising in a long standing vagal schwannoma in a ...
Sifrer Robert R University Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Ljubljana, - - 2014
The temporary tracheostoma's metastases of head and neck cancer had already been reported in the literature. So far, they had been considered as regional dissemination of the malignant disease. We report a case of temporary tracheostoma's metastasis of carcinoma from non-head-and-neck primary site, what has not been reported in the ...
Olaussen Alexander A Department of Community Emergency Health and Paramedic Practice, Monash University; Emergency & Trauma Centre, The Alfred Hospital. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) may generate sufficient cerebral perfusion pressure to make the patient conscious. The incidence and management of this phenomenon is not well described. This systematic review aims to identifying cases where CPR-induced consciousness is mentioned in the literature and explore its management options. The databases Medline, PubMed, EMBASE, ...
Torné Ramon R Department of Neurosurgery, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Neurotraumatology and Neurosurgery Research Unit (UNINN), Vall d'Hebron Research Institute, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder of multifactorial etiology with a broad range of clinical manifestations. Cerebral disorders such as psychosis, seizures and cerebrovascular accidents are commonly described in SLE patients. Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) presents a higher incidence than in the general population. Saccular aneurysms are the most ...
Jordan Robert W RW Trauma & Orthopaedics, University Hospitals Coventry & Warwickshire, Coventry, United Kingdom - - 2014
External rotation (ER) bracing has been shown to improve labral reduction in cadaveric studies, but this has not translated to universal improvement in re-dislocation rates in clinical series. To systematically review and critically appraise the literature that investigates how well the labrum is actually reduced by ER in patients who ...
Zheng Yan Y Department of Dermatology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710004, P.R. - - 2014
The present study reports a case of extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, involving the skin. The clinical manifestations, pathological characteristics, treatment and prognosis of the case were analyzed to improve the clinical diagnosis and treatment for this disease. The patient was a 56-year-old male, presenting with dark red ...
Suojanen Juho J Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki FIN-00014, - - 2014
Renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) have a tendency to metastasize at an early stage, therefore, the patients frequently exhibit metastatic disease at the time of diagnosis. Common locations for the metastases are adjacent organs and abdominal lymph nodes; however, occasionally metastasis to the peripheral organs may be the initial clinical symptom. ...
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