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Menon Deepak D Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, India deepakmenon@sctimst.ac.in - - 2014
Ocular neuromyotonia (ONM) is a rare disorder of ocular mal-alignment in which painless, transient spontaneous or gaze-induced abnormal deviation of the eye manifests as episodic diplopia. With only a few cases reported in the literature, ONM mostly follows months to years after cranial irradiation for sellar or suprasellar lesions. Here ...
Papakostas Thanos D - - 2014
Traumatic chorioretinal rupture, also known as sclopetaria, is a full-thickness break of the choroid and retina caused by a high-velocity projectile striking or passing adjacent to, but not penetrating, the globe. Previous reports have emphasized that retinal detachment seldom occurs, and observation alone has been the recommended management strategy. However, ...
Trevisi Gianluca - - 2014
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) overproduction results from either CSF infection or choroid plexus hypertrophy or tumor, with only a single idiopathic case described so far. We report a unique case of a male infant with Crouzon syndrome who presented with intracranial hypertension, caused by up to 4-fold increase in CSF daily ...
Meucci Francesco F Heart and Vessels Department, Careggi Hospital, Largo Brambilla 3, 50144, Florence, Italy, - - 2014
We present a case of a man with an anterior STEMI due to acute occlusion of the LAD, distally to the anastomosis with LIMA graft. We describe our treatment strategy with primary PCI and the difficulties we encountered: insufficient length of balloon and stent shafts and need for deep intubation ...
García López Carlos Alberto CA Carlos Alberto García López, Fernando Laredo-Sánchez, José Malagón-Rangel, Miguel G Flores-Padilla, Haiko Nellen-Hummel, Department of Internal Medicine, Specialities Hospital, National Medical Centre "Siglo XXI", Mexican Social Security Institute, Distrito Federal 06720, - - 2014
Intestinal pseudo-obstruction secondary to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a rare syndrome described in recent decades. There are slightly over 30 published cases in the English language literature, primarily associated with renal and hematological disease activity. Its presentation and evolution are a diagnostic challenge for the clinician. We present four ...
Udayakumaran Suhas S Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Department of Neurosurgery, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Kochi, - - 2014
Breath-holding or reflex anoxic seizures predominantly occur in preschool children and usually resolve by late childhood, rarely persisting through adolescence and into adulthood. Investigations are generally unnecessary. Education and reassurance is the mainstay of management. In this report, the author describes a case in which an infant presented with breath-holding ...
Uncini Antonino A Department of Neuroscience and Imaging, University "G. d'Annunzio", Chieti-Pescara, - - 2014
Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) treated with oral levodopa have a higher prevalence of chronic, prevalently sensory, usually mild axonal polyneuropathy (PNP). Several studies showed a positive association among PNP, cumulative levodopa dosage, low serum B12 and high-homocysteine and methylmalonic acid level. Anecdotal severe acute or subacute PNPs thought to ...
Neuman Gal G University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
To describe a case of ceftriaxone-induced immune hemolytic anemia (CIIHA) in a 6 year-old boy with sickle cell disease (SCD) and perform a systematic literature review to delineate the clinical and laboratory features of this condition. EMBASE (1947-January 2014), MEDLINE (1946-January 2014), and databases from the US Food and Drug ...
Wang C-H CH Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, No. 325, Section 2, Cheng-Kung Road, Neihu, 114, Taipei, - - 2014
Little is known about the virulence and clinical impact on humans from infection with Anaeroglobus geminates, an anaerobic gram-negative coccus belonging to the family Veillonellaceae. We report the first case of an Anaeroglobus geminates invasive infection in humans characterized by pneumonia complicated with empyema. The pathogen was initially identified as ...
Lee Siang Liao SL Division of Neurosurgery, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, 225 E. Chicago Ave., Chicago, IL, 60611, - - 2014
Oligodendrogliomatosis is a rarely reported entity in literature associated with poor prognosis in terms of length and quality of life. In this paper, we describe oligodendrogliomatosis in a 15-year-old male who initially presented with altered mental status due to diabetic ketoacidosis. He was refractory to temozolomide initially but demonstrated disease ...
Yudhishdran Jevon - - 2014
Dengue fever is a common mosquito borne viral fever in South Asia, which causes significant morbidity and mortality. Dengue fever is well known to involve the liver, especially in dengue hemorrhagic fever. The hepatic involvement is usually that of a mild hepatitis with transaminase derangement without jaundice. In cases of ...
Saitowitz Zacharry Z Atlanta Headache Specialists, Atlanta, GA, - - 2014
Ictal headaches are increasingly becoming the focus of research as more data demonstrate headaches existing as a sole manifestation of an epileptic event. Due to the difficulty in diagnosing the event as an epileptic phenomenon as opposed to a migraine, the condition is often misdiagnosed. This paper seeks to review ...
Wang Tingzhong T Department of Neurosurgery, the Fourth Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, - - 2014
Introduction: Isolated leukemic infiltration of peripheral nerves without central nervous system (CNS) involvement, or isolated neuroleukemiosis, is an extremely rare complication of leukemia. Methods: We report the case of a patient with isolated neuroleukemiosis and review the pertinent literature. Results: A man with a 12-year history of acute monoblastic leukemia ...
Dalla Costa M M Endocrine Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Padova School of Medicine, Via Ospedale Civile 105, 35128, Padova, - - 2014
Graves' disease (GD) is commonly associated with other autoimmune conditions, and there is also a rare but well documented association between GD and thymic hyperplasia (TH). It is hard to say the real frequency of this latter association because most cases remain asymptomatic and are consequently not thoroughly investigated. We ...
Mor Yechiel S YS Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, - - 2014
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is one of the most important complications of ovarian stimulation with severe morbidity and is still a threat to every patient undergoing ovulation induction. This manuscript reviews the current evidence regarding the relationship between OHSS and thromboembolism in infertile patients undergoing ovarian stimulation published in the ...
Chen Po-Hsun PH Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, - - 2014
Objective: Fasting hypoglycemia may occur in subjects with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) when accompanied with insulin-binding antibodies or insulin receptor antibodies. However, insulinoma has not been reported in SLE subjects with hypoglycemia.Methods: We present a case report and review the relevant literature.Results: A 26-year-old female with underlying SLE experienced several ...
Aronberg Ryan M RM Department of Surgery, Section of Otolaryngology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, - - 2014
Presentation of a case of esophageal perforation caused by ingestion of a foreign body that was difficult to visualize endoscopically, and systematic review of the current literature with a focus on available diagnostic modalities and missed diagnoses. MEDLINE (1946-2014) REVIEW METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of MEDLINE for cases ...
Sajid Muhammad S MS Department of General & Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery, Worthing Hospital, Worthing, UK and Department of General Surgery, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Kings Lynn NHS Foundation Trust, Kings Lynn, UK - - 2014
To review the published studies reporting various specimen retrieval incisions being used by colorectal surgeons in patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal resections (LCR). Standard medical electronic databases were searched to find relevant articles and a summary conclusion was generated. There were 43 studies reporting various approaches used for the purpose of ...
Temiz Gökhan G From the Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Dr Lütfi Kırdar Kartal Training and Research Hospital, Kartal, Istanbul, - - 2014
Congenital nasal abnormalities are very rare in the literature. There are 3 reported cases of isolated partial lower lateral cartilage defects. In this article, we report the case of a patient with congenital complete absence of the lower lateral cartilage. The patient had severe external nasal valve dysfunction and a ...
Agollo Marjorie Costa MC Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
We report a case of liver damage in an elderly patient after the use of herbal products of Hypericum perforatum and copaiba (Copaifera langsdorffii Desf). Hepatotoxicity related to Hypericum perforatum is anecdotally known, but for copaiba, widely used as anti-inflammatory, there is just experimental data in the national literature. This ...
Ching Jessica A JA From the Division of Plastic Surgery, University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine, Tampa, - - 2014
In colposcopic evaluation of the cervix, acetic acid of 3 to 5% is commonly used for identification of preneoplastic and neoplastic cells. Acetic acid is a known caustic substance and has the potential to cause irritation and chemical burns when there is sufficient concentration or duration of contact. The authors ...
Cano Carlos C aDepartment of Trauma & Orthopaedic Surgery, Virgen de la Vega Hospital bDepartment of Anesthesiology & Perioperative Medicine, Health Center Complex, Salamanca, - - 2014
Q fever is a common worldwide zoonosis that is often difficult to diagnose because of its variety and the fact that its clinical symptoms are highly unspecific. We present a rare case of chronic multifocal osteomyelitis caused by Coxiella burnetti in a 2-year-old girl, which has recurred on many occasions, ...
Newton Richard C RC The Department of General Surgery, Worthing Hospital, Western Sussex Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Worthing, West Sussex, N11 2DH, UK - - 2014
Although usually harmless and asymptomatic, jejuno-ileal diverticulae are associated with various non-specific gastrointestinal symptoms, and rarely cause surgical emergencies. This case report describes the presentation and management of a patient with an acute abdomen, whose jejunal diverticulum was perforated. Unexpectedly, histopathological assessment demonstrated malignant melanoma lining the diverticulum. Whether this ...
Kabir S I SI Department of Surgery, Wexham Park Hospital, Slough SL2 4HL, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Introduction: Diversion colitis is a non-specific inflammation of a de-functioned segment of intestine after diversion of the faecal stream. Aim: The aim of this study was to review the current level of knowledge about diversion colitis. Methods: A literature search of relevant literature in the English language was carried out ...
Zygourakis Corinna C CC Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California at San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Avenue, Box 0112, San Francisco, CA 94143-0112, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Central nervous system (CNS) teratomas are very rare neoplasms that contain tissues derived from all three germ cell layers (endoderm, mesoderm, and ectoderm). Patients with teratomas usually have a good prognosis. Given the paucity of cases in the literature, we present a retrospective review of 15 CNS teratomas treated over ...
Kane Justin M JM Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (JMK)Rothman Institute, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania - - 2014
Wound complications after surgical treatment of insertional Achilles enthesopathy are well documented. Skin and tendon necroses pose a significant dilemma with the potential for catastrophic outcomes. Numerous treatment algorithms have been described to treat the resultant skin and tendon defects after catastrophic infection; however, to date, there is no consensus ...
Singh Dishan D Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Stanmore, Middlesex, UK - - 2014
The case of a 76-year-old woman who developed blisters on both forefeet within 2 weeks of bilateral forefoot surgery is reported; the diagnosis of bullous pemphigoid was made by histological and immunofluorescence studies. The pathogenesis and management of this autoimmune condition, which occurs mainly in patients older than 70 years ...
Boehm Katja K Institute for Integrative Medicine, Witten/Herdecke University, - - 2014
Coping with the complex nature of fibromyalgia symptoms (FMS) still remains a challenge for patients. Taking into account the possible adverse events of pharmacological treatments patients often seek additional treatments for the management of fibromyalgia and turn towards complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). In this review, we aimed to investigate ...
Rodríguez Cruz Pedro M PM Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK; Neurosciences Group, Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Oxford, The John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, - - 2014
Congenital myopathies are a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by early onset hypotonia, weakness and characteristic, but not pathognomonic, structural abnormalities in muscle fibres. The clinical features overlap with muscular dystrophies, myofibrillar myopathies, neurogenic conditions and congenital myasthenic syndromes. We describe a case of cap myopathy with ...
Skappak Christopher - - 2014
Entamoeba histolytica infections of the gastrointestinal tract are common in the developing world but rare in North America. The authors present two cases: one involving an individual who had not travelled to an endemic area and another involving an individual who was born in Bulgaria. Both presented with severe abdominal ...
Dina Ion I Department of Gastroenterology, St. John Emergency Hospital, "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy Bucharest, Bucharest, - - 2014
Colonic varices represent a very rare entity, either an incidental finding at colonoscopy or discovered due to its complication, the lower gastrointestinal bleeding. The most common cause of colonic varices is portal hypertension associated with liver disease or secondary to pancreatic conditions, like chronic pancreatitis or malignancies. The incidence of ...
Moitra Saibal S Pulmonologist, Department of Respiratory and Allergy Medicine, Charnock Hospital & Research Centre Pvt. Ltd , West Bengal, India - - 2014
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are severe cutaneous adverse reactions (SCAR) which are frequently caused by exposure to drugs and cause significant morbidity and mortality. A careful literature search revealed that only a few reports of diclofenac induced and one case of serratiopeptidase associated case report of ...
Asuquo J E - - 2014
The objective of this article is to report a rarely encountered case of haemophilic arthropathy which should be considered in the differential diagnosis of knee swelling. The history. physical findings and results of investigations of a patient presenting with haemophilic arthropathy and the past medical records of the patient were ...
Forrester Joseph D JD Epidemic Intelligence Service Program, Division of Scientific Education and Professional Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA Bacterial Disease Branch, Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and - - 2014
Lyme carditis is an uncommon manifestation of Lyme disease that most commonly involves some degree of atrioventricular conduction blockade. Third-degree conduction block is the most severe form and can be fatal if untreated. Systematic review of the medical literature identified 45 published cases of third-degree conduction block associated with Lyme ...
Sweeney Michael M Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical - - 2014
Neurogenic pulmonary edema may be a complication of multiple neurological processes. Although there is debate regarding the underlying pathophysiology, the recognition of neurogenic pulmonary edema is vitally important because of the high-potential for mortality and need for treatment of the underlying disorder. We present an example of recurrent neurogenic pulmonary ...
Press Craig C Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital Colorado, University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, - - 2014
Rasmussen encephalitis (RE) is an inflammatory unilateral progressive medically refractory epilepsy associated with hemiparesis, cognitive dysfunction, and hemispheric atrophy. Here, we present 2 cases from our institution that demonstrate the dual nature of RE in 2 similarly aged children. Overall, 2 types of RE have been described: type 1 has ...
Ruo Redda M G MG Radiation Oncology Unit, Department of Oncology, S. Luigi Hospital, University of Turin, Orbassano, - - 2014
Extramedullary haemopoiesis (EMH) is a complication commonly associated with beta-thalassaemia intermedia; it is frequently asymptomatic but can sometimes lead to symptomatic tumour-like masses. No guidelines or common consensus are available in literature regarding the different treatment strategies and only single cases have been reported. We describe a case of spinal ...
Sendur Mehmet A N MA Department of Medical Oncology, Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Bevacizumab is a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody that selectively blocks the activity of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor and it is used in metastatic colorectal patients. We present here a case of fatal necrotizing fasciitis in a patient during bevacizumab treatment for colorectal cancer. In our review of the ...
Bakhsh Wajeeh R WR Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, - - 2014
Mycobacterium kansasii is an acid-fast bacillus most commonly associated with pulmonary pathology. Infection of the spine is exceedingly rare, with just three reported cases, two of which were in human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients. This case report presents a case of vertebral osteomyelitis secondary to M. kansasii ...
Wilson Clare M CM Department of Visual Neuroscience, UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, London, UK Department of Ophthalmology, Whipps Cross University Hospital, Barts Health, London, - - 2014
Concurrent bilateral keratoconus and granular dystrophy is reported in a 32-year-old patient with decreased vision. Initially contact lenses were attempted unsuccessfully to treat the conditions. There are a handful of other reports of these combined pathologies in the literature, and the likelihood of a chance cause or possible genetic linkage ...
Abdi Amin A Department of Emergency Medicine, Los Angeles County + University of Southern California Medical Center, 1200 N. State Street, Suite 1011, Los Angeles, CA 90033, - - 2014
A vascular pseudoaneurysm can present similarly to an abscess; yet incision and drainage of a pseudoaneurysm can lead to uncontrolled bleeding and expose the patient to further morbidity. This is a case of a patient with a forehead pseudoaneurysm who presented to our emergency room after blunt head trauma. Here ...
Cudziło Dorota D Poradnia Ortodontyczna dla Dzieci, ul. M. Kasprzaka 17a, 01-211 Warszawa, - - 2014
This paper presents the case of a patient with a visible scar indicating the occurrence of a cleft lip in the past. Anamnestic examination ruled out any facial surgery having been performed on the child and the parents confirmed the existence of the scar from birth. Intraoral examination revealed hypodontia ...
Zoia Cesare C 0000-0001-7304-6120 Department of Neurosurgery, IRCCS Fondazione Policlinico San Matteo, Viale Golgi 19, 27100 Pavia, - - 2014
Objective. Craniopharyngioma is a rare tumour, and, consequently, acute clinical presentation and diagnosis, during pregnancy, of this pathology are quite difficult to find. Only few cases are reported in the literature, and no one describes these two conditions in association. Methods. We report a particular case of craniopharyngioma presenting both ...
Koç Nagihan N Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Hacettepe University, Sihhiye, 06100 Ankara, - - 2014
Congenital absence of maxillary permanent canines is an extremely rare condition, which may appear as part of a syndrome or as a nonsyndromic form. Nonsyndromic canine agenesis combined with other types of tooth agenesis has occasionally been described in the literature but isolated cases are rarely observed. This report presents ...
Hogan Sara R SR Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, Illinois. Electronic address: - - 2013
Adrenergic urticaria is a rare type of stress-induced physical urticaria characterized by transient outbreaks of red papules surrounded by halos of hypopigmented, vasoconstricted skin. First described in 1985, there are 10 reported cases of adrenergic urticaria in the English-language medical literature. Episodes are caused by various triggers, including emotional upset, ...
Skeik Nedaa - - 2013
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is a cerebrovascular disease in which beta amyloid peptides are deposited in leptomeningeal, cortical, and sub-cortical arteries, arterioles, and capillaries. Most individuals with CAA are asymptomatic. However, patients with CAA can present with cognitive impairment and other neurologic deficits caused by vascular wall amyloid deposition leading ...
Canevari Frank Rikki FR Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Viale Golgi 19, 27100 Pavia, Italy. - - 2013
Osteomas are the most common benign tumors of the nose and paranasal sinuses. Their symptoms, which are nonspecific, occur as the result of a blocked nasal airflow or, in some rare cases, the involvement of nearby structures. Isolated sphenoid sinus osteomas are very rare, as only 20 cases have been ...
Gerbino Giovanni G Assistant Professor, Division of Maxillofacial Surgery, Head and Neck Department, San Giovanni Battista Hospital, University of Turin, Turin, - - 2013
This report describes a peculiar case of needle breakage during inferior alveolar nerve block to perform third molar extraction that was removed with the aid of a BrainLAB VectorVision neuronavigation system. This report adds to the currently limited scientific literature on the image-guided removal of foreign bodies from the oral ...
Araújo Pryscyla P T - - 2013
: The aim of this study was to evaluate the literature regarding clinical efficacy and predictability of block allograft for restoration of vertical and/or horizontal bone defects. : A literature search was conducted in PubMed/MEDLINE and Cochrane databases about studies reporting the use of block allografts. The review included studies ...
Patra Soumya S Department of Cardiology, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences & Research, Bangalore 560069, Karnataka, - - 2013
Ventricular noncompaction has been recognized as a distinct form of rare cardiomyopathy characterized by numerous, prominent ventricular trabeculations and deep intertrabecular recesses and is caused by a disorder of endomyocardial morphogenesis. Concomitance of either valvular pathologies or complete atrioventricular block with biventricular noncompaction has rarely been reported. Herein, we present ...
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