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Results 301 - 350 of 808
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Gera Kamal K Department of Respiratory Medicine, Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute, University of Delhi, Delhi, - - 2014
Cavitation in pulmonary sarcoidosis is rather unusual and even rarer in the alveolar form of the disease. A review of the literature revealed only 13 documented patients with cavitating alveolar sarcoidosis. Of the 13 patients, clinical information was available in only eight cases. Aspergilloma complicating cavitary alveolar sarcoidosis has been ...
Singh Rishi P RP *Department of Ophthalmology, Cole Eye Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio; and †California Retina Consultants, Santa Barbara, - - 2014
This report presents a case of metastatic carcinoma to the retina. Retrospective chart review and systematic literature review. The patient was a 78-year-old man with history of small-cell lung cancer and with the development of metastatic carcinoma to the retina. The review of this case and previous literature reveals that ...
Gonzalez Andres A 0000-0003-4389-8271 College of Medicine, University of Florida, 1600 SW Archer Road, Gainesville, FL 32610-0284, - - 2014
Purpose. To describe a case of postoperative scleritis caused by a novel strain of Nocardia resistant to linezolid and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX). Methods. Case report of a patient with microbiologically proven scleritis due to Nocardia asteroides. Results. The patient presented with pain, redness, and nodules on the sclera three months following ...
Guntz J - - 2014
This paper reports two cases of successfully treated patients suffering from a rare entity, the catastrophic anti-phospholipid syndrome (CAPS). Management of those patients is discussed at the light of existing literature.
Zhang Chao C Xuanwu Hospital, and Institute of Vascular Surgery, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. - - 2014
Tuberculous pseudoaneurysm of the aorta is rare and exposes patients to a very high risk of unpredictable rupture. To our best knowledge, only 32 cases have been reported related to all arterial systems from 1993 to 2013 in the literature. We report a 44-year-old male who presented with an aortic ...
Jalalat Sheila Z - - 2014
Alopecia areata is thought to be a T-cell mediated and cytokine mediated autoimmune disease that results in non-scarring hair loss. Poliosis has been described as a localized depigmentation of hair caused by a deficiency of melanin in hair follicles. A 57-year-old man with a history of alopecia areata developed white ...
Guo Yao-Hong YH Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, - - 2014
Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate (anti-NMDA) receptor encephalitis is a newly recognized, potentially fatal, but treatable autoimmune disease. Good outcome predictors include milder severity of symptoms, no need for intensive care unit admission, early aggressive immunotherapy, and prompt tumor removal. We report a case of a young girl aged 3 years 2 months and ...
Cudziło Dorota D Poradnia Ortodontyczna dla Dzieci, ul. M. Kasprzaka 17a, 01-211 Warszawa, - - 2014
This paper presents the case of a patient with a visible scar indicating the occurrence of a cleft lip in the past. Anamnestic examination ruled out any facial surgery having been performed on the child and the parents confirmed the existence of the scar from birth. Intraoral examination revealed hypodontia ...
Fuentes Pastor Javier J Service of Urology, Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, University of Cantabria, Santander, - - 2014
Urinary tract endometriosis and endocervicosis are an uncommon pathologic finding, with a common embryological origin. We present 2 cases of female patients with bladder mass. The first one was a finding of a nodular formation in the bladder during study of a nonviable foetus and the second was an incidental ...
Wan J - - 2014
Choriocarcinoma is a highly malignant tumor of trophoblastic origin. Primary fallopian tube choriocarcinoma is an extremely rare occurrence, especially in women over 50 years of age. This article concerns a case of tubal choriocarcinoma developing in a 54-year-old woman, which the authors present together with a brief review of the ...
Hogendorf Anna A Department of Pediatrics, Oncology, Hematology and Diabetology, Medical university of Lodz, 36/50 Sporna St. 91-738 Lodz, Poland, phone +48 505-979-152, +48 42 617-77-50, fax: +48 42 617 77 98, e-mail: - - 2014
Factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency is a rare, inherited or acquired coagulation disorder that potentially precipitates fatal haemorrhage. We report two consecutive pediatric patients with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) and symptomatic decrease in FXIII. The possible FXIII deficiency should be kept in mind by every doctor taking care of patients with HSP, ...
Huerter Mary E ME Department of Surgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, - - 2014
Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (AFH) is a rare soft-tissue tumor with intermediate malignant potential. It most commonly occurs in children and young adults. We report a case of a recurrent AFH of the back, locally recurring within 14 months of the original operation. We also review the literature for this uncommon ...
Fiengo Leslie L Department of Surgical Sciences, Policlinico Umberto I, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, - - 2014
Cardiac echinococcus is a rare affliction of the heart caused by the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. Primary echinococcosis of the heart represents 0.5-2% of all hydatid disease cases in endemic regions. It evolves slowly, explaining its rarity in children. We report the case of a 11-year-old child affected by a giant ...
Sendur Mehmet A N MA Department of Medical Oncology, Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Bevacizumab is a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody that selectively blocks the activity of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor and it is used in metastatic colorectal patients. We present here a case of fatal necrotizing fasciitis in a patient during bevacizumab treatment for colorectal cancer. In our review of the ...
Hogan Sara R SR Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, Illinois. Electronic address: - - 2013
Adrenergic urticaria is a rare type of stress-induced physical urticaria characterized by transient outbreaks of red papules surrounded by halos of hypopigmented, vasoconstricted skin. First described in 1985, there are 10 reported cases of adrenergic urticaria in the English-language medical literature. Episodes are caused by various triggers, including emotional upset, ...
Skeik Nedaa - - 2013
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is a cerebrovascular disease in which beta amyloid peptides are deposited in leptomeningeal, cortical, and sub-cortical arteries, arterioles, and capillaries. Most individuals with CAA are asymptomatic. However, patients with CAA can present with cognitive impairment and other neurologic deficits caused by vascular wall amyloid deposition leading ...
Sulugodu Ramachandra Srinivas S Faculty of Dentistry, SEGi University, Selangor, - - 2014
This article is a traditional literature review on caries levels in aggressive periodontitis. Aggressive periodontitis generally affects systemically healthy individuals aged <30 years (older individuals can also be affected) and is characterized by a young age of onset, rapid rate of disease progression, and familial aggregation of cases. Dental caries is ...
Canevari Frank Rikki FR Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Viale Golgi 19, 27100 Pavia, Italy. - - 2013
Osteomas are the most common benign tumors of the nose and paranasal sinuses. Their symptoms, which are nonspecific, occur as the result of a blocked nasal airflow or, in some rare cases, the involvement of nearby structures. Isolated sphenoid sinus osteomas are very rare, as only 20 cases have been ...
Gerbino Giovanni G Assistant Professor, Division of Maxillofacial Surgery, Head and Neck Department, San Giovanni Battista Hospital, University of Turin, Turin, - - 2013
This report describes a peculiar case of needle breakage during inferior alveolar nerve block to perform third molar extraction that was removed with the aid of a BrainLAB VectorVision neuronavigation system. This report adds to the currently limited scientific literature on the image-guided removal of foreign bodies from the oral ...
Tan Sien Hui SH Department of Otolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Electronic address: - - 2014
We describe a rare case of BSCC in the retromolar trigone with only 3 other cases in the literature and also compare the differences between 2 cases of BSCC in terms of presentation and progression. The first patient had a markedly slower progression with painful retromolar trigone swelling over 4 ...
Goh L M L LM Pediatric Department, Lyndon Baines Johnson Tropical Medical Center Pago Pago, AS 96799, American - - 2013
Entamoeba histolytica meningoencephalitis has not been described in the modern literature, which is distinct from that caused by free-living amoebae. We report the first case of E. histolytica meningoencephalitis without liver or brain abscesses. Cerebrospinal fluid revealed 2 + very motile trophozoites. Our patient was successfully treated with intravenous metronidazole.
Güçlü Oğuz O Department of Otolaryngology, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Faculty of Medicine, Çanakkale, - - 2013
Sudden hearing loss developing after immunisation is a very rare situation. Rabies is a viral disease characterised by encephalitis and death. Treatment involves active and passive immunisation. Neurologic complications including Guillain-Barre syndrome or facial paralysis are reported in the literature as a side effect after rabies immunisation. Sudden hearing loss ...
Morais Marina Resener MR Irmandade Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Porto Alegre , - - 2013
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease that directly affects the quality of life. Biologics are prescribed for patients unresponsive to conventional treatments and with severe forms of the disease. Ustekinumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody against the p40 subunit of interleukins 12/23 that is being used with satisfactory responses, ...
Patra Soumya S Department of Cardiology, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences & Research, Bangalore 560069, Karnataka, - - 2013
Ventricular noncompaction has been recognized as a distinct form of rare cardiomyopathy characterized by numerous, prominent ventricular trabeculations and deep intertrabecular recesses and is caused by a disorder of endomyocardial morphogenesis. Concomitance of either valvular pathologies or complete atrioventricular block with biventricular noncompaction has rarely been reported. Herein, we present ...
Araújo Pryscyla P T - - 2013
: The aim of this study was to evaluate the literature regarding clinical efficacy and predictability of block allograft for restoration of vertical and/or horizontal bone defects. : A literature search was conducted in PubMed/MEDLINE and Cochrane databases about studies reporting the use of block allografts. The review included studies ...
Busto Martin Luis - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of a mesothelioma of the tunica vaginalis and to review the published literature. METHODS / RESULTS: A 61-year-old patient complained of one-month increase of right scrotum size with pain. An ultrasound showed a right hydrocele with a mass attached to the tunica vaginalis. He didn't ...
Gunturi Nivedita N Department of Pediatrics, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai, - - 2013
There has been widespread interest surrounding the use of beta-blockers (i.e. propranolol, timolol, nadolol, acebutolol) in the treatment of infantile hemangiomas (IH). To review literature evaluating treatment of IH with propranolol. We conducted a literature search on PubMed and investigated for case reports, case series, and controlled trials by using ...
Marano Riccardo - - 2013
Significant literature on MDCT coronary angiography (MDCT-CA) has emerged in the last decade concerning patient's selection, technical aspects of different generations of CT equipment, ECG gating, contrast material and beta-blockade administration, acquisition parameters, and radiation dose. However, the literature regarding postprocessing, reading, and reporting is not so extensive. This review ...
Parisi Lucia L Department of Psychology, University of Palermo , - - 2013
Sturge-Weber-Krabe syndrome (SWS), also known as encephalotrigeminalangiomatosis and named the forthfacomatosis, recall the names of the authors who first describedit in its basic clinical, radiological andanatomopathological aspects. We report here 14 cases of Sturge-Weber disease. In 6 of these, despite what had been previously described in literature, an extension of ...
Hodler Juerg J Department of Radiology, Orthopedic University Hospital Balgrist, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. - - 2013
We report two detrimental neurologic complications after technically correct selected cervical nerve root blocks. Based on these cases and a thorough review of the literature, the indication for cervical nerve root blocks was reconsidered and limited. Similarly, we modified our technique to further reduce the likelihood for the occurrence of ...
Martin-Flores Manuel - - 2013
This article briefly reviews the physiology of the neuromuscular junction and the pharmacologic mechanisms of neuromuscular blocking agents. The clinical use of modern agents is discussed. Monitoring techniques used to assess the level of neuromuscular block and to exclude residual paralysis at the end of an anesthetic procedure are reviewed.
Naik P R Thippeswamy PR Department of General Surgery, Victoria Hospital, Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute, Bangalore, Karnataka 560002, - - 2013
Primary liver liposarcoma is a rare disease. The knowledge of the clinical course, management, and prognosis of primary liver liposarcoma are all limited because of its rarity. Twelve cases of primary liposarcoma of the liver have been previously reported. We present the thirteenth case, which occurred in an adult male ...
Lam Sandi S Department of Surgery, University of Chicago, 5841 S. Maryland Ave, MC3026, J341, Chicago, IL, - - 2013
Neuromuscular hamartomas are rare benign tumors with mature skeletal elements mixed with mature neural elements. They present typically as solitary lesions in childhood and have been reported to be associated with cranial nerves or large peripheral nerves such as the brachial plexus, median nerve, and sciatic nerve. To date, eight ...
Sharif-Yakan A - - 2012
What is known and Objective:  Teicoplanin is a glycopeptide antibiotic used against documented or presumed methicillin-resistant infections. We report a 31-month-old boy with acute lymphocytic leukaemia who developed permanent complete atrioventricular block (CAVB) necessitating pacemaker insertion after receiving teicoplanin for Staphylococcus epidermidis bacteremia. Case summary:  Clinical assessment of the child ...
Wong Cc C Department of Orthopaedics, Hospital Raja Permaisuri Bainun, Ipoh, - - 2012
We present the case of a patient with multiple atraumatic osteoporotic vertebral fractures in an adolescent with suprasellar germinoma and also review of relevant literature. The patient suffered from a rare adolescent brain tumour with common complications which are often overlooked and give rise to significant morbidity. Suprasellar germinoma is ...
Dong Qiaoli Q Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China; ; Department of Pediatrics, Affiliated Hospital of Hebei University, Baoding, - - 2012
Malignancies such as solid tumors and hematologic malignancies can often induce or be associated with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) in older males but not in children. Described here is the case of a 5-year-old boy who clinically presented with HSP. An imaging study of the abdomen revealed a right retroperitoneal neoplasm ...
Kühn F F Chirurgische Klinik und Poliklinik, Universität Rostock, Rostock, - - 2012
With fewer than 250 cases published worldwide, primary vaginal melanoma is an extremely rare malignant entity which is mostly diagnosed in advanced stages. The estimated incidence of vaginal melanoma is 0.026/100 000 women per year. The poor prognosis for advanced tumour stages and different therapies used in very limited numbers of ...
Zahid M - - 2012
Paroxysmal atrioventricular-block is a poorly-recognized cause of atrioventricular conduction abnormality leading to syncope and can be fatal. Here we report a case of paroxysmal atrioventricular-block presenting as syncope treated effectively with pacemaker implantation and review the current literature on prevalence, known mechanisms and treatment for it. Importantly we provide the ...
Chen Yen-Chia YC Department of Emergency Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei City, Taiwan; Institute of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei City, - - 2014
Rhabdophis tigrinus is a common colubrid snake that can be found in an extensive geographical region in East Asia. It consists of two subspecies: R.t. tigrinus (yamakagashi) and R.t. formosanus (Taiwan tiger keelback). R. tigrinus possesses two different sets of poisonous glands: the Duvernoy's glands in the maxilla, and the ...
Bansal Arpana V AV Reader, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, People's Dental Academy, Bhanpur Bypass Road, Bhopal-462010, Madhya Pradesh, India, e-mail: - - 2012
Dens invaginatus is a rare developmental anomaly. It is unusual to find this anomaly in primary dentition. Diagnosis of this dens invaginatus is important due to possible pulpal involvement. Not only that, simultaneous presence of other dental anomaly may require long-term treatment planning. Dens invaginatus can be detected clinically in ...
Uchida Keiichi K Department of Gastrointestinal and Pediatric Surgery, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, Tsu, Mie, - - 2012
Lymphocytic intestinal leiomyositis is a rare entity, which causes chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) in children. We present the first case of a boy who had pure red cell anemia 1 year before onset. Prolonged ileus developed after gastroenteritis and the patient was diagnosed using a biopsy of the intestinal wall. ...
Jeanmonod Rebecca R St. Luke's Hospital and Health Network, Bethlehem, PA 18015, - - 2012
The Joint Commission accreditation manual contains standards in improving organization performance related to report and review of patient care issues causing unexpected harm. In spite of regulations mandating reporting, it remains inconsistent, varying by provider type and hospital. Our purpose was to determine current attitudes, knowledge, and practice of error ...
Carano Nicola - - 2012
Acquired complete heart block, in pediatric age is mainly the results of direct injury to conduction tissue during cardiac surgery or cardiac catheterisation. It can also be observed in different clinical settings as infectious diseases, neoplasia, and inflammatory diseases. It has a wide range of presentation and in some settings ...
Mi Nnamonu N Department Of Surgery, Jos University Teaching Hospital, - - 2011
Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic and disfiguring skin disease characterized by multiple abscesses and sinuses. Often it is not recognized early in this environment as a result of limited awareness of this condition. The author sought to review available knowledge on this condition and report a case currently being managed ...
Remo Andrea - - 2011
Rhabdoid colon tumors (RCTs) are rare lesions whose existence as an independent distinct entity remains controversial. To date, 6 RCTs have been reported. This study reports a novel case associated with polyposis coli in a 73-year-old woman. Histologically, the neoplasia was heterogeneous consisting of an adenocarcinoma associated with rhabdoid features. ...
Cavalcanti Alessandro Leite AL Department of Dentistry, School of Dentistry, State University of Paraiba, Campina Grande, Paraiba, - - 2011
Supernumerary teeth are those present in addition to the normal set of teeth. These teeth are found in both the primary and the permanent dentitions, and are most frequently seen in the maxillary anterior and molar regions. Supernumerary molars are divided into two types, depending on their location: distomolars and ...
Laouri M - - 2011
Retinal vein occlusion (RVO) is the second most common cause of vision loss due to retinal vascular disease. A literature review was undertaken to understand the epidemiology, clinical consequence, current practice patterns, and cost of RVO. Pertinent articles were identified by computerized searches of the English language literature in MEDLINE ...
Papadia Marina - - 2011
Purpose: To report the case of a patient who presented with unilateral papillitis that turned out to be the visible feature of bilateral tubercular choroiditis. Design: Retrospective review of chart and clinical history of the patient. Methods: Case report of a 54-year-old Hispanic woman with visual complaints and papillitis in ...
Purvin Valerie - - 2011
Neuroretinitis (NR) is an inflammatory disorder characterized by optic disc edema and subsequent formation of a macular star figure. The underlying pathophysiology involves increased permeability of disc vasculature, but the etiology is not fully defined. In some cases, NR is probably due to an infectious process involving the disc; in ...
Hartney Kimberly E - - 2011
Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is a clinical entity in which patients develop vivid visual hallucinations in the absence of psychiatric illness. In the great majority of cases, a decline in visual acuity precedes the development of CBS. The patient maintains intact reality testing and recognizes that the hallucinations are not ...
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