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Results 301 - 350 of 581
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Timan Ina S - - 2002
Indonesia consist of many island inhabited by many ethnic groups with different social economic condition. As in other parts of the world, anemia is still one of the major health problem in Indonesia. The reported anemia prevalence differs in each area and age groups, ranging from 5.4% in well nourished ...
Albayram Sait - - 2002
Citrullinemia is a rare autosomal recessive inborn error of the urea cycle due to a deficiency in argininosuccinic acid synthetase. We present two cases of the infantile form of citrullinemia in which CT revealed bilateral and symmetric corticosubcortical hypoattenuating areas, ulegyric changes, and atrophy in the frontal lobes, as well ...
Ristic J M E - - 2002
Two dogs were referred for investigation of lethargy and anaemia. Preliminary examinations by the referring veterinary surgeons had revealed severe anaemia, which was poorly regenerative. In one case, the anaemia was microcytic and, in the other, it was hypochromic. These findings were suggestive of chronic blood loss anaemia. Neither dog ...
Hilmi F A - - 2002
We attempted to characterize biochemically glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) variants in Iraqi individuals. Thus 758 healthy Iraqi males aged 18-60 years were randomly selected and 46 (6.1%) were G6PD deficient. Although the predominant non-deficient G6PD phenotype was G6PD B (92.6%), G6PD A+ was found in polymorphic frequency (1.3%). In the deficient ...
Gnanou J V - - 2001
Galactosemia is a rare inborn error of metabolism, which if detected can be treated effectively. Galactosemia can occur due to the deficiency of either galatose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase (GLUT) or galactokinase. Both these deficiencies have their characteristic presentation. In this case report we describe a 4-month-old infant who presented with clinical ...
Yu Y - - 2001
In this series of 65 cases of aplastic anemia, 26 cases were treated by the kidney-tonifying and mediating method, 19 cases by western drugs, and the remaining 20 cases only by tonifying the kidney as controls. The results showed that the kidney-tonifying and mediating method was significantly superior in the ...
Mukhopadhyay S - - 2001
Factor X (FX) deficiency is a rare coagulation disorder that usually presents with bleeding manifestations and is treated with fresh frozen plasma or prothrombin complex concentrates. We report a case of FX deficiency in which the patient presented with bleeding as well as thrombosis. The patient responded to Danazol and ...
Jansen T - - 2001
Rosacea fulminans is a rare variant of rosacea conglobata that occurs almost exclusively in women well past adolescence. The aetiology is unknown, although immunological, hormonal, and vascular factors have been suggested. We report the case of a 17-year-old girl with rosacea fulminans that was temporally associated with daily ingestion of ...
Savasta S - - 2001
Three cases of Leigh disease are described. In all three, symptoms began in the first months of life, with muscle hypotonia, lactic acidosis, and psychomotor delay. The diagnosis was made on the basis of the clinical characteristics, biochemical abnormalities, and typical brain magnetic resonance imaging with symmetric lesions suggesting bilateral ...
Elpeleg O N - - 2001
Carnitine palmitoyl transferase (CPT) II deficiency is usually manifested around puberty by exercise induced myoglobinuria. Two Ashkenazi Jewish sibs with the rare antenatal form of CPTII deficiency are reported. On the 5th gestational month periventricular calcifications and markedly enlarged kidneys were found in both of them. The activity of CPTII ...
Rutledge S L - - 2001
Glycogen synthase deficiency is a rare inborn error of metabolism, characterized by fasting hypoglycemia, hypoglycemic seizures, and ketonuria. Only 7 families with 14 affected children have been reported. Here, we report an additional patient with this deficiency. Findings in this patient were clinically and biochemically consistent with those reported in ...
Fralic J - - 2001
This article reviews the physiological and nutritional changes associated with aging and provides the case manager with nutrition resources. General information on nutritional factors associated with aging, including common nutrient deficiences, is outlined. The dietitian's role in nutrition assessment, intervention, and outcomes is discussed. A list of resources for case ...
Conceição F L - - 2001
The importance of growth hormone (GH) deficiency in adults became evident 10 to 15 years ago, when the first clinical studies on GH replacement therapy in adults were published. Since then, a number of studies have been reported showing that GH replacement therapy can improve this condition. Adult GH deficiency ...
Low-Beer D - - 2001
This article presents discussion on two issues: the distribution of early cases of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), and the epidemiological conditions for the establishment of new diseases. Evidence from four presentations on early AIDS cases is discussed, together with issues of interpreting association and inferring causation. In the second ...
Jani P G - - 2001
Plummer Vinson syndrome is characterised by dysphagia, iron deficiency, anaemia and oesophageal web or webs. This is a case report of a 33 year old Asian female who presented with slowly progressive dysphagia and a long history of iron deficiency anaemia. The anaemia was confirmed on repeated haemograms and a ...
Debourdeau P M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of eosinophilic pleuropericarditis resulting from concomitant use of vitamins B5 and H. CASE SUMMARY: A 76-year-old white woman was admitted to the hospital because of chest pain and dyspnea related to pleurisy and a pericardial tamponade. This patient had no history of allergy and had ...
Wang P L - - 2001
Very few cases of rheumatoid arthritis combined with pernicious anemia have been reported in the world literature and none in the Chinese literature. A 62-year-old female initially presented with anemia. Pernicious anemia was diagnosed by characteristic blood and bone marrow morphology. Laboratory data showed a deficiency of vitamin B12 and ...
Leung A K - - 2001
Iron deficiency anemia is the most common cause of anemia worldwide and results from inadequate iron supply for erythropoiesis. Iron deficiency is most prevalent during periods of rapid body growth: in infancy and again at puberty. Insufficient intake accounts for most cases. The clinical manifestations of iron deficiency anemia can ...
Fargion S - - 2000
Herein is described the case of a young woman presenting with iron overload and macrocytosis. The initial diagnosis was hereditary hemochromatosis. Severe anemia developed after a few phlebotomies, and she was also found to have congenital dyserythropoietic anemia that, though not completely typical, resembled type II. Only genetic testing allowed ...
Lorey F - - 2000
This study reviews Asian immigration in California and the effect it has had on public health in the state in terms of genetic disease detection. This is documented in terms of the numbers of cases of thalassemia detected, including Hemoglobin (Hb) E/beta-thalassemia, beta-thalassemia major, and Hb H disease. California has ...
Lin K L - - 2000
All dystrophin-associated proteins contain sarcoglycan complex. Different forms of muscular dystrophy are caused by defective expression of different proteins of this structure. gamma-Sarcoglycan deficiency muscular dystrophy, so-called severe childhood autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy (SCARMD), is a rare disease that has not been previously reported in Taiwan. This paper describes two ...
McBride K L - - 2000
6-thioguanine (6TG) is undergoing investigation for use in the maintenance phase of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Just as with 6-mercaptopurine (6MP), it is be expected that 6TG would cause pancytopenia in individuals with inherited thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) deficiency. We report the first case of severe and prolonged pancytopenia caused by ...
Bruno G R - - 2000
Ingestion of long-acting anticoagulant rodenticides such as brodifacoum can lead to prolonged and life-threatening coagulopathy. A paucity of conflicting information is available on brodifacoum's half-life and elimination pharmacokinetics. In addition, the optimal dose, duration, and route of administration of vitamin K(1) therapy are unknown. We report the case of a ...
Coors E A - - 2000
About 50% of cases of pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) are associated with a variety of systemic diseases. We describe a patient with severe PG on both legs who suffered from an autoimmune haemolytic anaemia in association with a congenital deficiency of complement factors C2 and C4. To the best of our ...
Lutfi S A - - 2000
Two children with idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis are reported. These are the first cases of this disease from Saudi Arabia and highlight the diagnostic problem caused by their presentation as cases of iron deficiency anaemia. The aetiopathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnosis and management are discussed. The attention of paediatricians is drawn to ...
Beatty M E - - 2000
Fructose-1,6-diphosphatase (FDPase) deficiency is characterized by episodes of lactic acidemia, hypoglycemia, and ketonuria. Liver biopsy and subsequent enzyme analysis most reliably make the diagnosis. Review of the literature reveals 85 cases. Glycerol intolerance syndrome (GIS) is less well defined. There are only a handful of cases reported. We describe a ...
Kaper B P - - 2000
Nutritional rickets, the classic form of vitamin D-deficiency rickets, is rarely seen in the setting of modern medicine. We report four cases of nutritional rickets diagnosed at the time of orthopedic evaluation at our institutions during a 3-year period. All patients were referred by their pediatricians for evaluation of bowlegs. ...
John M - - 2000
A case of mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis in a 55-year-old woman with selective IgA deficiency and serum antinuclear antibodies who presented with nephrotic syndrome is described. The patient did not have clinical or laboratory features of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) other than antinuclear antibodies. Histology of the patient's renal biopsy revealed a ...
Taher A - - 2000
We report here a case of ticlopidine-induced aplastic anemia that responded to G-CSF and review the literature. An 83-year-old woman was started on ticlopidine for coronary artery disease after an episode of upper gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to aspirin. She developed aplastic anemia seven weeks after initiation of ticlopidine. She was ...
Biagi E - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Not all cases of autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) are diagnosed by the direct antiglobulin test (DAT). We present and discuss a simple method of enhancing the sensitivity of the standard DAT. DESIGN AND METHODS: We report the case of a five-month-old child diagnosed with a severe IgG-mediated ...
Morgan L W - - 1999
Anemia due to cobalamin deficiency is a rare genetic disorder that has been recognized in dogs only recently. This report concerns a 14-month-old border collie that presented for chronic, nonregenerative anemia. Cytological examination of a peripheral blood smear showed the presence of erythroblasts. Serum cobalamin levels were below reference ranges ...
Sayinalp N - - 1999
Effort thrombosis of the axillary-subclavian vein (Paget-Schroetter syndrome) develops usually secondary to heavy arm exertion. An underlying chronic venous compressive anomaly at the thoracic outlet or intimal damage of the axillary vein following forceful hyperabduction, external rotation of the shoulder joint has been proposed to explain the pathophysiology of this ...
Muldoon C - - 1999
Sucrase-isomaltase deficiency is a rare disorder usually manifested as diarrhea in infancy. The presentation of such a deficiency in adulthood is even more rare, particularly when the individual has no history of childhood diarrhea. After a literature search, the 59-yr-old patient we report is the oldest to have been identified ...
Garratty G - - 1999
Second- and third-generation cephalosporins, especially cefotetan, are increasingly associated with severe, sometimes fatal immune hemolytic anemia. We noticed that 10 of our 35 cases of cefotetan-induced hemolytic anemias were in patients who had received cefotetan prophylactically for obstetric and gynecologic procedures. Eight of these cases of severe immune hemolytic anemia ...
Sasaki G - - 1999
Nutritional deficiencies result in many distinctive cutaneous manifestations. Vitamin C deficiency, or scurvy, produces follicular hyperkeratosis, perifollicular hemorrhages, gingival hypertrophy, and bleeding (1). We report here a case of malnutrition who suddenly developed extensive eccymoses on the lower extremities sharing morphological similarities with purpura fulminans. Although the patient did not ...
Bauduer F - - 1999
Thirty-nine patients with factor XI deficiency were diagnosed in our general hospital, which serves all the French Basque Country (about 290 000 inhabitants), between 1985 and 1995. Biological and clinical data of these cases are reported herein. Factor XI deficiency seems significantly more frequent in Basques than in the other ...
Ortner D J - - 1999
Subadult scurvy is not well documented in archeological human remains despite the existence of many biomedical references indicating that bone changes do occur in some cases and, because of this, should be observable in human burials. There are several potential reasons for this gap in our knowledge of scurvy. Not ...
Pongstaporn W - - 1999
Hematological parameters and serum ferritin were compared between 179 vegetarians and 58 control subjects using Hematology analyzer H3 and microparticle enzyme immunoassay, respectively. Serum Vitamin B12 was also compared between 68 vegetarians and 30 control subjects using microparticle enzyme immunoassay. It was found that hemoglobin, hematocrit, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean ...
Stoll C - - 1999
The demonstrated teratogenicity of maternal zinc deficiency in rats has led to burgeoning interest in zinc and other trace elements as important factors in embryonic development. Levels of zinc, copper, manganese, magnesium, folic acid, vitamin B12 and vitamin A were evaluated at the beginning of pregnancy in the plasma of ...
Boivin M A - - 1998
The use of oral sodium phosphate has, only in very rare instances (seven cases in the literature), been recognized to cause symptomatic hypocalcemia. We report a case in an elderly woman that led to severe tetany and a 10-day admission to control the electrolyte disturbances. The patient was predisposed to ...
Sumi S - - 1998
Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) deficiency with a defect of the pyrimidine catabolic pathway has recently become the focus of considerable attention, due to the severe 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) toxicities occurring in DPD deficiency patients. Studies also suggest that 5-FU toxicities could occur in another pyrimidine metabolic disorder, dihydropyrimidinuria (DHPuria). This study shows ...
Robinson J N - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Hyperemesis gravidarum is a condition of pregnancy characterized by excessive nausea and vomiting, which can be associated with malnutrition. Vitamin K deficiency is a known complication of malnutrition as well as a known cause of coagulopathy. To date, there is no reported case in the literature of vitamin K ...
Barak N - - 1998
Lipoamide dehydrogenase deficiency is a rare disease, manifested in early childhood by lactic acidemia, progressive neurological damage and death in most cases. We report a case of lipoamide dehydrogenase deficiency in a 34-year-old Ashkenazi-Jewish woman. The deficiency manifested as acute hepatitis without cognitive impairment or acidosis. The patient's brother also ...
Pollitt R J - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency is a common disorder of fatty acid oxidation in north west Europe. It is very variable in its clinical consequences and is believed to be considerably underdiagnosed. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnosis and outcome of MCAD deficiency in the UK. METHOD: A prospective ...
Renzulli P - - 1998
Vitamin K deficiency bleeding within the first 24 h of life is caused in most cases by maternal drug intake (e.g. coumarins, anticonvulsants, tuberculostatics) during pregnancy. Haemorrhage is often life-threatening and usually not prevented by vitamin K prophylaxis at birth. We report a case of severe intracranial bleeding at birth ...
Falcone A - - 1998
The recent report of Pietrasanta et al., describe an improvement of anemia in a case of idiopathic myelofibrosis (IMF) treated with cyclosporin-A (CyA) for Psoriatic skin lesions. We have also used CyA in four IMF patients, all with transfusion dependent anemia . We report briefly the clinical aspects, hematological parameters ...
Farhi D C - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Bone marrow examination is rarely required for the diagnosis of childhood anemia, and its diagnostic utility in this setting is unknown. DESIGN: Marrow specimens from 25 children aged 11 days to 12 years were reviewed to determine the cause of unexplained anemia. RESULTS: These samples comprised only 2% of ...
Keverline J P - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: This report describes a unique case of recurring rhabdomyolysis associated with influenza-like illness. PATIENT: A 16-year-old black male, a physically fit weight-lifter, presented complaining of a brief history of upper respiratory infection. He had experienced muscular aches and observed his urine was a brown "Coca Cola" color. He was ...
Saitoh T - - 1998
We experienced two rare cases of pernicious anemia that presented in the course of mycosis fungoides in elderly males. Pernicious anemia has recently been reported to be caused by autoimmune gastritis that produces autoantibodies to gastric parietal cells and intrinsic factor. Immunological abnormalities in mycosis fungoides are reported to induce ...
Koh A H - - 1998
Anaemia is a commonly encountered medical condition, although associated ophthalmic manifestations are not often sought or recognised. The authors present a case report of a patient with severe vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia with florid retinal changes classical of anaemic retinopathy. A review of the ocular involvement in anaemia is also ...
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