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Akaogi Jun - - 2004
The case of a 27-year-old woman who simultaneously presented with SLE and severe refractory thrombotic microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (TMHA) is reported. She had extremely high levels of platelet-associated IgG (PAIgG), and her TMHA was refractory to plasma exchange and corticosteroid therapy. However, the TMHA was effectively controlled by i.v. cyclophosphamide ...
Ogunlesi T A - - 2004
We report four cases of childhood ataxia with and without encephalopathies which were successfully managed with thiamine supplementation and diagnosed in retrospect as being caused by thiamine deficiency. The clinical presentations were similar to those previously reported amongst adolescents and adults who ingested the larvae of Anaphe venata, a local ...
Suzuki Nuiko - - 2004
Beta-mannosidosis is a lysosomal disorder which is caused by a deficiency of beta-mannosidase. This disorder was first described in goats. Twelve human cases have already been reported. We present the first case in Japan in whom the diagnosis was reached from angiokeratoma corporis diffusum. Futhermore, mental retardation, hearing loss, and ...
Marinaki A M - - 2004
A deficiency of adenylosuccinate lyase (ASDL) is characterised by the accumulation of SAICAriboside (SAICAr) and succinyladenosine (S-Ado) in body fluids. The severity of the clinical presentation correlates with a low S-Ado/SAICAr ratio in body fluids. We report the first British case of ADSL deficiency. The patient presented at 14 days ...
Balasubramanian Meenakshi - - 2004
Angiodysplasia of gastrointestinal tract is still thought to be an entity of unknown aetiology. This lesion is most commonly observed in elderly patients presenting with severe and persistent iron deficiency anaemia, following occult blood loss or acute episodes of haematemesis. In the stomach antral vascular ectasia is the most common ...
Amarapurkar D N - - 2004
Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) syndrome is an uncommon cause of chronic gastrointestinal bleeding and iron deficiency anaemia. We describe two cases of GAVE, one pernicious anaemia related and the other portal hypertension related. In both the cases, progressive mucosal changes, which lead to development of GAVE, were documented. Those ...
Moretti Rita - - 2004
In cross-sectional studies, low levels of folate and B12 have been shown to be associated with cognitive decline and dementia Evidence for the putative role of folate, vitamin B12 in neurocognitive and other neurological functions comes from reported cases of severe vitamin deficiencies, particularly pernicious anemia, and homozygous defects in ...
Maj Stanisław - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Metamizole is a common analgesic and antipyretic drug. However, its use has been associated with a risk of side-effects involving agranulocytosis and aplastic anemia. These reactions are rare and unpredictable. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the risks of these complications in Poland, where this medication ...
Hamilton J W - - 2004
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) is an enzyme of the pentose phosphate shunt pathway a major function of which is to prevent cellular oxidative damage. Deficiency in red blood cells is associated with a number of varied clinical manifestations. Chronic non-spherocytic haemolytic anaemia is uncommon but is usually characterized by chronic haemolysis, ...
Islam M A - - 2004
An 18 year old boy presented with small genitalia, failure of eruption of secondary sex hairs, female like voice with eunachoid body habitus, bilateral gynecomastia, infantile external genitalia, small testes and poorly developed musculature. He was diagnosed as a case of 47XXY Klinefelter syndrome on the basis of hormone assay ...
Zarina L - - 2004
Factor VII deficiency is a rare congenital blood disorder. Its clinical features are rather variable and ranges from epistaxis to massive intracranial haemorrhage. Treatment involves replacement therapy, which constitutes use of fresh frozen plasma, prothrombin complex concentrates or recombinant activated factor VII. Although it is a rare entity, one still ...
Chhotray Guru Prasad - - 2004
Five hundred and 20 cases (279 males; 241 females), referred for anemia, with a wide age range, from different parts of the state of Orissa, India, were investigated to evaluate the extent of the prevalence of hemoglobinopathies (sickle cell disorders and thalassemias) by analyzing the associated hemoglobin (Hb) profiles, Hb ...
Mansouritorgabeh H - - 2004
Of the six types of dual coagulation factors deficiency, combined factors V and VIII are the most common type, a few cases of this disease have been reported in different populations. This accounts for the relatively low number of cases reported so far. Our report, which included 19 patients, is ...
Klein Moti - - 2004
Acute thiamine deficiency, an uncommon cause of hemodynamic instability in Western countries, may be manifested by acute heart failure and neurological deficits. Severe metabolic acidosis is one of its least recognized features. We present a report of foreign workers who complained of weakness and lower limb edema and were found ...
Bajracharya B L - - 2004
Hereditary spherocytosis is a congenital haemolytic anaemia due to defect in spectrin-a RBC membrane protein and is transmitted as autosomal dominant. Due to this defect there is presence of characteristic spherical cell in peripheral blood smear and osmotic fragility is increased. Haemolytic anaemia, reticulocytosis, jaundice and splenomegaly are present. This ...
Altintaş Engin - - 2004
Dydrogesterone, similar to women's natural progesterone, has been used in a wide range of gynecological conditions. Despite its widespread use, dydrogesterone-induced hepatotoxicity and dydrogesterone-induced hemolytic anemia have, to the best of our knowledge, never been reported previously. We describe a case of hepatitis and warm antibody hemolytic anemia due to ...
Tyagi S - - 2004
Haemoglobin E beta thalassemia (HbE beta thalassemia) has a remarkable variability in clinical expression ranging from a mild form of thalassemia intermedia to a transfusion dependent condition. An overlap between the mild variety of HbE beta thalassemia and homozygous HbE disease is common, however, differentiation is required for early institution ...
Bourhama Mona H - - 2004
We present the case of three sisters with Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) from a consanguineous marriage. These sisters presented within the first 2 months of age with anemia without hepatosplenomegaly together with complete blood count and bone marrow pictures compatible with the diagnosis of DBA syndrome. They were given blood transfusions ...
Saladi S M - - 2004
We describe case report of a baby with Diamond-Blackfan anemia, who presented as non-immune hydrops fetalis. The diagnosis was confirmed by measurement of red cell adenosine deaminase activity which is increased in Diamond-Blackfan anemia. At 2 years of age he is dependent on small dose of alternate day steroid to ...
Vuylsteke Peter - - 2004
A 61-year-old eutrophic male was diagnosed with vitamin B12 deficiency and megaloblastic anemia. A modified Schilling test suggested intestinal malabsorption unrelated to intrinsic factor deficiency. Subsequent colonoscopy revealed the presence of a Taenia tapeworm. The anemia resolved within days under therapy with niclosamide and temporary vitamin B12 supplements. The present ...
Elmusa Kusai - - 2004
A successfully excised right atrial myxoma arising from the suprahepatic segment of the inferior vena cava associated with asplenia, cutaneous manifestations, and iron deficiency anemia is reported. This report documents the unusual origin of myxoma, along with asplenia. A thorough review of the literature revealed only one other patient with ...
Abudu Ntei - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: This review focuses on the process of arteriosclerosis arising from oxidative stress on lipoproteins and the general failure of randomized human trials using vitamins to retard this process. REVIEW: As well as clinical trials, the paper reviews the mechanisms by which a variety of oxidants act. Antioxidants are discussed, ...
Tierney Emily P - - 2004
Necrolytic migratory erythema (NME) is a characteristic skin condition seen in the presence of a pancreatic glucagonoma. The presence of NME in the absence of a pancreatic tumor has been termed the pseudoglucagonoma syndrome. In such cases, NME is commonly associated with conditions, such as liver disease, inflammatory bowel disease, ...
Rivard G E - - 2003
Immunoadsorption is occasionally used as an adjuvant measure in the treatment of subjects with coagulation factor inhibitors. We reviewed our recent 3-year period experience with this procedure in 10 subjects. Immunoadsorption was used in the context of an immune tolerance protocol for 3 subjects with severe congenital deficiency in factor ...
Yoshimura Makoto - - 2003
A man with a 20-year history of recurrent iron-deficiency anemia complicated by Helicobacter pylori-positive Ménètrier's disease was observed over a 10-year clinical course, during which time he was successfully treated for the anemia and a gastric Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection through eradication. Considering the satisfactory therapeutic results in this ...
Hemachandran Manikkapurath - - 2003
Filariasis is a common public health problem in various regions of Indian subcontinent. There are many reports describing detection of microfilaria in different organ systems. There are limited number of reports available describing the presence of microfilaria in bone marrow. Here we report a young patient who developed aplastic anaemia ...
Zaffanello Marco - - 2003
We report the case of a child with partial biotinidase deficiency and autistic developmental disorder. We arrived at the diagnosis of biotinidase deficiency when the child was almost 4 years of age. Consequently, he began cofactor biotin treatment (10 mg daily) which did not resolve his autistic behavior. His younger ...
Heimpel Hermann - - 2003
Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia type II (CDA II) is the most frequent type of congenital dyserythropoietic anemia. More than 200 cases have been described, but with the exception of a report by the International CDA II Registry, these reports include only small numbers of cases and no data on the lifetime ...
Locatelli Francesco - - 2003
Pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) is a rare condition defined as severe anemia secondary to the virtual absence of red blood cell precursors in the bone marrow. In the setting of patients treated with rHuEPO, the disease is generated by epoetin-induced antibodies that neutralise all the exogenous rHuEPO and cross-react ...
Batra Vineeta Vijay - - 2003
We report the case of a three year old female child with combined occurrence of von Willebrand's disease and factor XIII deficiency, an extremely rare combination. The patient presented with prolonged bleeding following cuts and wounds. Clot solubility test using 5M urea was positive. Platelet aggregation using ristocetin was reduced, ...
Rubio-Gozalbo M E - - 2003
AIM: Carnitine-acylcarnitine translocase (CACT) deficiency is an inborn error of metabolism involving the mitochondrial beta-oxidation of long-chain fatty acids. The aim of this study was to report on a new case (neonatal phenotype) and review the literature data on 24 previously reported cases. METHODS: Clinical data of the new case ...
Marles Sandra L - - 2003
Humeral "bifurcation" due to humeroradial synostosis, and amelia are both very rare limb anomalies. We report on a Canadian. Aboriginal boy with both these limb deficiencies. The family history was unremarkable, but he was exposed prenatally to cocaine at the time of limb development. Humeroradial synostosis with ulnar aplasia has ...
Axt-Gadermann M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: X-linked recessive ichthyosis (XRI) is a relatively common genetic disorder of keratinization caused by deficiency in steroid sulfatase (STS) activity. STS appears to play an important role in testosterone metabolism. Therefore it has been discussed that the presence of normally functioning STS may be a presupposition for the development ...
Cid J - - 2003
To evaluate the current use of the DAT in our hospital,we reviewed the charts of all patients who had a DAT performed in our laboratory. The collected data included DAT results and a previously completed laboratory evaluation of suspected hemolytic anemia. Four hundred sixty-three DATs were performed in our laboratory ...
Gutierrez Oliver - - 2003
Emphysematous gastritis is a life-threatening disease. It is characterized by the presence of gas within the wall of the stomach. The etiology includes firstly infections with gas-forming organisms; other predisposing causes are the ingestion of corrosive substances and alcohol abuse. Diagnosis is based on radiological techniques, mainly computed tomographic scan ...
Merriman M - - 2002
Fanconi anemia or pancytopenia is an autosomal recessive condition presenting with a combination of pancytopenia with a mean age of onset of about eight years, a tendency to leukemia, and congenital anomalies. Although ocular abnormalities have been described, cataracts have not been previously reported. We present a patient with proven ...
Mihailidou Helen - - 2002
This is a case report of an otherwise healthy 2-year-old boy with a history of pica, associated with iron deficiency anemia. This boy was referred to our department for a neurologic evaluation because of an acute episode of sialorrhea, difficulty in speaking, dysphagia, and repeated swallowing movements. An uncertain episode ...
Oliveira Neide I S S - - 2002
We report a case of Fanconi anemia in which cytogenetic analysis of bone marrow (BM) samples revealed two distinct karyotypes: 46,XY,dup(1)(q21q42), in the first sample and 46,XY,del(1)(q32) in the second, aspirated 7 months later after acute myeloid leukemia (AML) developed. We discuss the cytogenetic clonal fluctuation common in Fanconi anemia, ...
Pavithran K - - 2002
A case of Fanconi's anemia presenting for the first time at the age of 23 years is described. He died of adenocarcinoma of the stomach 4 months later. As far as the authors are aware, this is the second case of adenocarcinoma of the stomach occurring in Fanconi's anemia. As ...
Herschel Marguerite - - 2002
Despite recent case reports of bilirubin encephalopathy in African American glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD)-deficient neonates, there is a misconception that, in African Americans, G6PD deficiency need not be considered in the differential diagnosis of hyperbilirubinemia. We present a case of a hyperbilirubinemic African American female neonate in whom coexisting G6PD deficiency ...
Al-Onaizi Iman - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To describe a case of Meckel's diverticulum with an unusual complication of iron deficiency anaemia due to chronic intestinal bleeding. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: A 12-year-old boy presented with bloody diarrhoea and abdominal pain in association with a long-standing history of black stools and progressive pallor. Biochemical tests revealed ...
Berlucchi Marco - - 2002
The presence of coagulation pathology in children who are candidates for adenotonsillectomy (AT) is a challenge to the otolaryngologist. von Willebrand's disease (vWD) is the most common hereditary coagulopathy and is due to a quantitative and/or qualitative deficiency of von Willebrand's factor (vWF). In recent years, the administration of 1-deamino-8-D-arginine ...
Symeonidis A - - 2002
Ticlopidine-induced aplastic anemia (TIAA) is considered very uncommon. We present two new cases, and we review 55 additional cases from the literature. The first case concerns a 70-year-old man who developed severe aplastic anemia 7 weeks after treatment with 500 mg of ticlopidine daily. The patient sustained a severe septic ...
Perafán-Riveros Claudia - - 2002
Acrodermatitis enteropathica (AE) is a rare hereditary disorder caused by impaired absorption of zinc from the gastrointestinal tract. It is characterized by acral and periorificial dermatitis, alopecia, and diarrhea. Symptoms usually begin on weaning from breast or formula feeding. We report a full-term, 21-month-old boy with typical skin lesions and ...
Timan Ina S - - 2002
Indonesia consist of many island inhabited by many ethnic groups with different social economic condition. As in other parts of the world, anemia is still one of the major health problem in Indonesia. The reported anemia prevalence differs in each area and age groups, ranging from 5.4% in well nourished ...
Albayram Sait - - 2002
Citrullinemia is a rare autosomal recessive inborn error of the urea cycle due to a deficiency in argininosuccinic acid synthetase. We present two cases of the infantile form of citrullinemia in which CT revealed bilateral and symmetric corticosubcortical hypoattenuating areas, ulegyric changes, and atrophy in the frontal lobes, as well ...
Ristic J M E - - 2002
Two dogs were referred for investigation of lethargy and anaemia. Preliminary examinations by the referring veterinary surgeons had revealed severe anaemia, which was poorly regenerative. In one case, the anaemia was microcytic and, in the other, it was hypochromic. These findings were suggestive of chronic blood loss anaemia. Neither dog ...
Hilmi F A - - 2002
We attempted to characterize biochemically glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) variants in Iraqi individuals. Thus 758 healthy Iraqi males aged 18-60 years were randomly selected and 46 (6.1%) were G6PD deficient. Although the predominant non-deficient G6PD phenotype was G6PD B (92.6%), G6PD A+ was found in polymorphic frequency (1.3%). In the deficient ...
Gnanou J V - - 2001
Galactosemia is a rare inborn error of metabolism, which if detected can be treated effectively. Galactosemia can occur due to the deficiency of either galatose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase (GLUT) or galactokinase. Both these deficiencies have their characteristic presentation. In this case report we describe a 4-month-old infant who presented with clinical ...
Yu Y - - 2001
In this series of 65 cases of aplastic anemia, 26 cases were treated by the kidney-tonifying and mediating method, 19 cases by western drugs, and the remaining 20 cases only by tonifying the kidney as controls. The results showed that the kidney-tonifying and mediating method was significantly superior in the ...
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