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Kabir S I SI Department of Surgery, Wexham Park Hospital, Slough SL2 4HL, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Introduction: Diversion colitis is a non-specific inflammation of a de-functioned segment of intestine after diversion of the faecal stream. Aim: The aim of this study was to review the current level of knowledge about diversion colitis. Methods: A literature search of relevant literature in the English language was carried out ...
Zygourakis Corinna C CC Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California at San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Avenue, Box 0112, San Francisco, CA 94143-0112, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Central nervous system (CNS) teratomas are very rare neoplasms that contain tissues derived from all three germ cell layers (endoderm, mesoderm, and ectoderm). Patients with teratomas usually have a good prognosis. Given the paucity of cases in the literature, we present a retrospective review of 15 CNS teratomas treated over ...
Frisch Christopher D CD The Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, MN. Electronic address: - - 2014
Retrospective chart review at single tertiary academic referral center. Literature review using the PubMed electronic database. There are 12 cases of histologically-proven paraganglioma of the facial canal published in the English literature. We present two additional cases that were encountered at our institution. We also include three additional cases from ...
Tomovic Senja S Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New - - 2014
Primary sinonasal angiosarcomas are very rare tumors. They typically occur in the nasal cavity of middle-aged patients. They are classically highly aggressive. Primary treatment is surgical excision when feasible. We describe a unique case of angiosarcoma in a young woman arising from the frontal sinus with distant metastasis. This case ...
Kane Justin M JM Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (JMK)Rothman Institute, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania - - 2014
Wound complications after surgical treatment of insertional Achilles enthesopathy are well documented. Skin and tendon necroses pose a significant dilemma with the potential for catastrophic outcomes. Numerous treatment algorithms have been described to treat the resultant skin and tendon defects after catastrophic infection; however, to date, there is no consensus ...
Singh Dishan D Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Stanmore, Middlesex, UK - - 2014
The case of a 76-year-old woman who developed blisters on both forefeet within 2 weeks of bilateral forefoot surgery is reported; the diagnosis of bullous pemphigoid was made by histological and immunofluorescence studies. The pathogenesis and management of this autoimmune condition, which occurs mainly in patients older than 70 years ...
Bathini Lavanya L Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
To present a series of acquired bilateral adductor laryngeal paralysis (BAdLP) and review the literature on clinical manifestations and management. A retrospective review of a single tertiary care practice of pediatric otolaryngology was conducted. Patients were identified from a surgical database spanning twelve years of practice (2002-2013). The variables documented ...
Savardekar Amey A 1Departments of Neurosurgery 2Pathology, and 3Radiology. Post-graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, - - 2014
Study Design. Case report and review of the relevant literature.Objective. To present a case of primary spinal myoepithelioma and discuss its clinical, radiological and histopathological characteristics. We report a longterm follow-up of 5 years.Summary of Background Data. Myoepithelial neoplasms, represent a diverse morphologic and biological spectrum of tumors, composed of ...
Gomez Eric E Department of Medicine, Appalachian Regional Healthcare , Beckley, - - 2014
Herpes zoster is a clinical syndrome which usually presents with a localized, vesicular rash in a dermatomal distribution. Cutaneous dissemination rarely occurs in immunocompetent patients, therefore little is known about the baseline demographic, clinical characteristics, management and outcome of these patients. Herein, we report a case of disseminated cutaneous herpes ...
Botros Mena M Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Toledo College of Medicine , Toledo, OH, - - 2014
Lactobacilli are rod shaped gram positive bacteria that naturally colonize the human gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts and occasionally cause disease in humans. Lactobacillus infections are found in patients who are immunocompromized or have severe comorbidities. We report Lactobacillus endocarditis in a 17-year-old adolescent girl with cardiac prosthetic material following surgical ...
Shrestha Badri B Badri Shrestha, Sheffield Kidney Institute, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Sheffield S5 7AU, United - - 2014
Epiploic appendagitis (EA) is rare cause of acute or subacute abdominal pain in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD), where the diagnosis can be challenging as the clinical features, laboratory markers and imaging characteristics have not been described previously in this group of patients. Here, we present the management of a ...
Shrestha Badri B Badri Shrestha, Simon Boyes, Peter Brown, Sheffield Kidney Institute, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Sheffield S5 7AU, United - - 2014
Little is written on the management of an innocuous-looking skin scab over an autogenous arteriovenous fistula (AVF) used for haemodialysis. The seriousness of the underlying pathology can be under-estimated, and this may lead to early loss of the AVF, and major-life-threatening haemorrhage. We describe the management of a 78-year-old patient ...
Boehm Katja K Institute for Integrative Medicine, Witten/Herdecke University, - - 2014
Coping with the complex nature of fibromyalgia symptoms (FMS) still remains a challenge for patients. Taking into account the possible adverse events of pharmacological treatments patients often seek additional treatments for the management of fibromyalgia and turn towards complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). In this review, we aimed to investigate ...
Lee Jun Yong JY Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University Anam Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
Lactococcus lactis (L. lactis) is an important gram-positive bacterium in dairy products. It is a rare cause of opportunistic infections with only four cases of Lactococcus peritoneal dialysis (PD) peritonitis reported in the literature. In Korea, L. lactis infection was first reported in a liver abscess patient in 2010; however, ...
Lazar Stephen P - - 2014
The purpose of this case report is to illustrate the cause of this patient's headache and sinus pain in the setting of a unique environmental exposure: the patient ingested yogurt only days before presentation. This particular brand of yogurt caused controversy in early September 2013 when the manufacturer voluntarily recalled ...
A L Hemalatha H Professor, Department of Pathology, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences , B. G. Nagar, Mandya District, Karnataka, India - - 2014
Primary mucinous eccrine adenocarcinoma, a rare malignant neoplasm of the skin adnexa usually occurs in the head and neck region. The most common sites for its occurrence are the eyelid, the peri-orbital region and the scalp. We report the rare occurrence of primary mucinous eccrine adenocarcinoma of the inguinal region ...
Banerjee Indranil I Final year Post-Doctoral Trainee, Department of Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology, School of Tropical Medicine , Kolkata, West Bengal, India - - 2014
Antibiotic induced skin rash in setting of infectious mononucleosis is often encountered in clinical practice. However, macrolides like azithromycin are considered relatively safe and till date only two cases of azithromycin induced rash in setting of infectious mononucleosis have been reported. The following report illustrates the case of a 23-year-old ...
Kumar Ajay A Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Government Medical College and Hospital , Sector 32B, Chandigarh, India - - 2014
Sometimes the opinion regarding the cause of death in "John Doe or Jane Doe" i.e. on unknown dead bodies is a test of ability of the forensic expert and on many occasions it yields little or no results. Here the identification of the body as such poses problems; rest aside ...
Rodríguez Cruz Pedro M PM Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK; Neurosciences Group, Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Oxford, The John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, - - 2014
Congenital myopathies are a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by early onset hypotonia, weakness and characteristic, but not pathognomonic, structural abnormalities in muscle fibres. The clinical features overlap with muscular dystrophies, myofibrillar myopathies, neurogenic conditions and congenital myasthenic syndromes. We describe a case of cap myopathy with ...
Souza Karla Teixeira KT Department of Radiology and Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Cancer Instutute of São Paulo State, Unversity of São Paolo , SP, - - 2014
Teratomas are the most commonly diagnosed germ cell tumors and occur primarily in testes and ovaries. Platinum-based therapy followed by surgical resection of the residual lesion is generally the recommended treatment. In contrast, immature uterine teratomas are rare, with few cases reported in the literature. Moreover, there is no standard ...
Skappak Christopher - - 2014
Entamoeba histolytica infections of the gastrointestinal tract are common in the developing world but rare in North America. The authors present two cases: one involving an individual who had not travelled to an endemic area and another involving an individual who was born in Bulgaria. Both presented with severe abdominal ...
Dina Ion I Department of Gastroenterology, St. John Emergency Hospital, "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy Bucharest, Bucharest, - - 2014
Colonic varices represent a very rare entity, either an incidental finding at colonoscopy or discovered due to its complication, the lower gastrointestinal bleeding. The most common cause of colonic varices is portal hypertension associated with liver disease or secondary to pancreatic conditions, like chronic pancreatitis or malignancies. The incidence of ...
Moitra Saibal S Pulmonologist, Department of Respiratory and Allergy Medicine, Charnock Hospital & Research Centre Pvt. Ltd , West Bengal, India - - 2014
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are severe cutaneous adverse reactions (SCAR) which are frequently caused by exposure to drugs and cause significant morbidity and mortality. A careful literature search revealed that only a few reports of diclofenac induced and one case of serratiopeptidase associated case report of ...
Coşkun Ozlem O Department of Neurology, Ministry of Health Ankara Training and Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2014
Hemicrania continua (HC) is a rare primary headache disorder. It presents some autonomic features (including conjunctival injection, ptosis, eyelid edema, lacrimation, nasal congestion, and rhinorrhea). Response to indomethacin treatment is the mandatory criteria for the diagnosis of HC. However, previously reported literature indicates that there are some reported cases that ...
Macleod Liam C LC University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, - - 2014
Intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is an important treatment for the management of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer because of its proven efficacy and favourable safety profile. The most common complications associated with BCG treatment are relatively minor. They include urinary frequency, cystitis, fever, and hematuria. Although serious complications are rare, patients ...
Pérez Ramírez Sara - - 2014
Spontaneous regressions of metastatic melanoma are rare, but several cases have been described in the literature. Although the mechanism of the phenomenon is not well understood, it is postulated that an activation of the immune system is behind it. Here we report the case of a patient with metastatic melanoma ...
Lee Ji Hye JH Department of Neurosurgery, Korea University Guro Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Spinal meningiomas typically adhere to the dura matter. Non-dural based spinal meningiomas are rare and most are clear cell meningiomas. We report here the first case of a fibrous meningioma with non-dural attachment. The patient was a 49-year-old female, who complained of numbness in the legs and a gait disturbance. ...
Deshmukh Bhakti D BD Department of Pathology, Government Medical College, Miraj, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Proliferating trichilemmal tumor (PTT) is an uncommon appendageal skin tumor that affects mainly elderly women. It arises from the external root sheath of the hair follicle and is most commonly observed on the scalp. Although most cases pursue a favorable clinical course and surgical excision is curative, malignant transformation has ...
Asuquo J E - - 2014
The objective of this article is to report a rarely encountered case of haemophilic arthropathy which should be considered in the differential diagnosis of knee swelling. The history. physical findings and results of investigations of a patient presenting with haemophilic arthropathy and the past medical records of the patient were ...
Lee Kyung-Hwa KH Department of Pathology, Chonnam National University Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital & Medical School, Hwasun, - - 2014
A case of intractable hiccup developed by cavernous hemangioma in the medulla oblongata is reported. There have been only five previously reported cases of medullary cavernoma that triggered intractable hiccup. The patient was a 28-year-old man who was presented with intractable hiccup for 15 days. It developed suddenly, then aggravated ...
Forrester Joseph D JD Epidemic Intelligence Service Program, Division of Scientific Education and Professional Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA Bacterial Disease Branch, Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and - - 2014
Lyme carditis is an uncommon manifestation of Lyme disease that most commonly involves some degree of atrioventricular conduction blockade. Third-degree conduction block is the most severe form and can be fatal if untreated. Systematic review of the medical literature identified 45 published cases of third-degree conduction block associated with Lyme ...
Sweeney Michael M Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical - - 2014
Neurogenic pulmonary edema may be a complication of multiple neurological processes. Although there is debate regarding the underlying pathophysiology, the recognition of neurogenic pulmonary edema is vitally important because of the high-potential for mortality and need for treatment of the underlying disorder. We present an example of recurrent neurogenic pulmonary ...
Press Craig C Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital Colorado, University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, - - 2014
Rasmussen encephalitis (RE) is an inflammatory unilateral progressive medically refractory epilepsy associated with hemiparesis, cognitive dysfunction, and hemispheric atrophy. Here, we present 2 cases from our institution that demonstrate the dual nature of RE in 2 similarly aged children. Overall, 2 types of RE have been described: type 1 has ...
Ruo Redda M G MG Radiation Oncology Unit, Department of Oncology, S. Luigi Hospital, University of Turin, Orbassano, - - 2014
Extramedullary haemopoiesis (EMH) is a complication commonly associated with beta-thalassaemia intermedia; it is frequently asymptomatic but can sometimes lead to symptomatic tumour-like masses. No guidelines or common consensus are available in literature regarding the different treatment strategies and only single cases have been reported. We describe a case of spinal ...
Braham Emna E 1 Department of Pathology, 2 Department of Pneumology, 3 Department of Thoracic Surgery, Abderrahman Mami Hospital, Ariana, - - 2014
Carcinosarcoma is an uncommon malignant biphasic tumor that accounts for less than 1% of all lung cancers. It is defined by coexisting histologic elements of carcinomatous and sarcomatous components. We report two cases of carcinosarcoma in a 68-year-old patient and a 78-year-old patient explored for lung masses. Macroscopically, the resected ...
Gonçalves Joana J Radiotherapy Department, Instituto Português de Oncologia do Porto de Francisco Gentil, E.P.E, - - 2014
Granulocytic sarcomas are rare tumors that can present in innumerous locations; thus there is very little clinical experience with these cases. Therefore there is no consensus on which is the best treatment for patients with this malignancy. The authors present a case of a female with a granulocytic sarcoma of ...
Sekiguchi Yasunobu Y Department of Hematology, Juntendo University Urayasu Hospital, 1-1, 2-chome, Tomioka, Urayasu, Chiba - - 2014
A 78-year-old man was diagnosed as having advanced symptomatic IgG multiple myeloma in June 2008. Melphalan-prednisolone therapy was effective, however, relapse occurred in January 2011 after 21 courses of melphalan-prednisolone therapy. Addition of bortezomib and dexamethasone led to partial remission, but the treatment needed to be discontinued due to autonomic ...
Sendur Mehmet A N MA Department of Medical Oncology, Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Bevacizumab is a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody that selectively blocks the activity of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor and it is used in metastatic colorectal patients. We present here a case of fatal necrotizing fasciitis in a patient during bevacizumab treatment for colorectal cancer. In our review of the ...
Bakhsh Wajeeh R WR Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, - - 2014
Mycobacterium kansasii is an acid-fast bacillus most commonly associated with pulmonary pathology. Infection of the spine is exceedingly rare, with just three reported cases, two of which were in human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients. This case report presents a case of vertebral osteomyelitis secondary to M. kansasii ...
Wilson Clare M CM Department of Visual Neuroscience, UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, London, UK Department of Ophthalmology, Whipps Cross University Hospital, Barts Health, London, - - 2014
Concurrent bilateral keratoconus and granular dystrophy is reported in a 32-year-old patient with decreased vision. Initially contact lenses were attempted unsuccessfully to treat the conditions. There are a handful of other reports of these combined pathologies in the literature, and the likelihood of a chance cause or possible genetic linkage ...
Abdi Amin A Department of Emergency Medicine, Los Angeles County + University of Southern California Medical Center, 1200 N. State Street, Suite 1011, Los Angeles, CA 90033, - - 2014
A vascular pseudoaneurysm can present similarly to an abscess; yet incision and drainage of a pseudoaneurysm can lead to uncontrolled bleeding and expose the patient to further morbidity. This is a case of a patient with a forehead pseudoaneurysm who presented to our emergency room after blunt head trauma. Here ...
Cudziło Dorota D Poradnia Ortodontyczna dla Dzieci, ul. M. Kasprzaka 17a, 01-211 Warszawa, - - 2014
This paper presents the case of a patient with a visible scar indicating the occurrence of a cleft lip in the past. Anamnestic examination ruled out any facial surgery having been performed on the child and the parents confirmed the existence of the scar from birth. Intraoral examination revealed hypodontia ...
Zoia Cesare C 0000-0001-7304-6120 Department of Neurosurgery, IRCCS Fondazione Policlinico San Matteo, Viale Golgi 19, 27100 Pavia, - - 2014
Objective. Craniopharyngioma is a rare tumour, and, consequently, acute clinical presentation and diagnosis, during pregnancy, of this pathology are quite difficult to find. Only few cases are reported in the literature, and no one describes these two conditions in association. Methods. We report a particular case of craniopharyngioma presenting both ...
Neagoe Radu Mircea RM Second Department of General Surgery, Mures Emergency County Hospital, Tirgu Mures, Romania; - - 2014
In the last decade, the clinical picture of primary hyperparathyroidism has changed, with the majority of patients being diagnosed while asymptomatic and the "classical" clinical pattern characterized by bone disease, recurrent nephrolithiasis, peptic ulcer disease, neurological or psychiatric disorders being rarely encountered. In this context, most patients have minimal hypercalcemia ...
Hogendorf Anna A Department of Pediatrics, Oncology, Hematology and Diabetology, Medical university of Lodz, 36/50 Sporna St. 91-738 Lodz, Poland, phone +48 505-979-152, +48 42 617-77-50, fax: +48 42 617 77 98, e-mail: - - 2014
Factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency is a rare, inherited or acquired coagulation disorder that potentially precipitates fatal haemorrhage. We report two consecutive pediatric patients with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) and symptomatic decrease in FXIII. The possible FXIII deficiency should be kept in mind by every doctor taking care of patients with HSP, ...
Koç Nagihan N Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Hacettepe University, Sihhiye, 06100 Ankara, - - 2014
Congenital absence of maxillary permanent canines is an extremely rare condition, which may appear as part of a syndrome or as a nonsyndromic form. Nonsyndromic canine agenesis combined with other types of tooth agenesis has occasionally been described in the literature but isolated cases are rarely observed. This report presents ...
Bunch Kristen K 0000-0003-4203-9491 Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, MD 20889, - - 2014
Peroneal nerve palsy is an infrequent but potential complication of childbirth. Bilateral peroneal palsy is particularly rare following delivery with few reported cases. A 38-year-old gravida 1, para 0 underwent a prolonged second stage of labor, was diagnosed with an arrest of descent, and subsequently underwent an uncomplicated primary cesarean ...
Mantas D D 2nd Department of Propedeutic Surgery, Medical School, Athens University, Laiko General Hospital, Athens, Greece - - 2014
Paragangliomas are rare neuroendocrine neoplasms originating from the embryological neural crest. In most cases, they exhibit a benign behavior. Here we report a case of a small symptomatic para-aortic paraganglioma, which was completely removed surgically and a review of the available literature regarding the optimal follow-up of a benign paraganglioma, ...
Fuentes Pastor Javier J Service of Urology, Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, University of Cantabria, Santander, - - 2014
Urinary tract endometriosis and endocervicosis are an uncommon pathologic finding, with a common embryological origin. We present 2 cases of female patients with bladder mass. The first one was a finding of a nodular formation in the bladder during study of a nonviable foetus and the second was an incidental ...
Zhang Chao C Xuanwu Hospital, and Institute of Vascular Surgery, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. - - 2014
Tuberculous pseudoaneurysm of the aorta is rare and exposes patients to a very high risk of unpredictable rupture. To our best knowledge, only 32 cases have been reported related to all arterial systems from 1993 to 2013 in the literature. We report a 44-year-old male who presented with an aortic ...
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