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Arora Tarun T From the Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
A 25-year-old woman presented with redness, pain, and diminution of vision that occurred 2 weeks after microkeratome-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). On presentation, corneal edema, Descemet membrane folds, keratic precipitates, stromal infiltrates, and flap necrosis were observed. Delayed post-LASIK microbial keratitis was diagnosed. The patient had no history of ocular ...
Perren Fabienne F Department of Neurology, HUG, University Hospital and Medical Faculty of Geneva, Rue Gabrielle Perret-Gentil 4, 1211, Geneva 14, Switzerland, - - 2014
Somatoparaphrenia is a delusional misidentification and confabulation of body parts, usually arm or hand, opposite to a cerebral lesion, generally of the "minor" right hemisphere. There is some controversy concerning lesion site (fronto-parietal; parieto-temporal; posterior insula, additional subcortical nuclei) or necessary associated symptoms (hemiparesis/plegia, anosognosia, neglect, position sense deficit). We ...
Marquez Danao - - 2014
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis is the most common hip disorder affecting the adolescent population, usually individuals between 8 and 15 years old. However, there are few case reports of older patients in the literature to date. It is believed that the etiology is multifactorial and may include obesity, trauma and, ...
Liu Yan Y Department of Nuclear Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450052, P.R. China ; Department of Nuclear Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of HenNan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, Henan 471003, P.R. - - 2014
Retroperitoneal extraskeletal osteosarcoma (ESOS) is a rare and highly invasive tumor that is usually diagnosed at an advanced stage due to the insidious onset. The present study analyses a case of retroperitoneal ESOS and its clinical, radiological and therapeutic conditions, and also provides a review of the literature. A 52-year-old ...
Wijburg Martijn T MT Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, MS Center Amsterdam, VU University Medical Center, De Boelelaan 117, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Granule cell neuronopathy (GCN) is a rare JC virus (JCV)-related disease in immunocompromised patients, characterized by lytic infection of the cerebellar granule cell layer. To enable early diagnosis and intervention, we identify features of GCN and describe possible aspects of disease heterogeneity. We report on two new cases of GCN ...
Pereira L L Nephrology Research and Development Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto and São João Hospital Centre, Porto, - - 2014
Campylobacter species are the leading cause of acute bacterial diarrhea in industrialized countries. However, bacteremia is detected in <1% of patients with Campylobacter enteritis and is most likely to occur in patients who are immunocompromised or of older age. To our knowledge, only 2 cases of Campylobacter jejuni bacteremia have ...
Canaz Hüseyin H Spina Bifida Research Center, Florance Nightingale Hospital, Istanbul Bilim University, Istanbul, - - 2014
An encephalocele is a protrusion of the brain and/or meninges through a defect in the skull that is closed or covered with skin. Occipital encephaloceles are the most frequent type in North America and Western Europe, where about 85% of encephaloceles take this form. To the best of our knowledge, ...
Zhuang Liying - - 2014
BackgroundHyponatremia is the most common electrolyte abnormality encountered in hospitalized patients, resulting from a varied spectrum of conditions. Both the primary disturbance and its correction can result in life-threatening neurological consequences. Extrapontine myelinolysis is one such complication that is associated with the rapid correction of hyponatremia. Here we describe a ...
Yu Lijiang L Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100730, P.R. - - 2014
Extraskeletal mesenchymal chondrosarcoma (EMCS) is a rare malignant cartilaginous tumor arising from the soft tissues. The most common areas of extraskeletal origin are the lower extremities, the orbits and the central nervous system, among others. In this study, the case of primary EMCS arising from the right buccal region in ...
Andrew Peter P Division of Medical Oncology, University of Ottawa, 501 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON, K1H 8L6, Canada, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to firstly present the maiden case of tamoxifen-induced acute cutaneous lupus erythematosus (ACLE), and secondly, to broaden the discussion into a systematic review of the various tamoxifen-related skin changes documented in patients with breast cancer. We searched PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, CancerLit, Scopus, Web of ...
Yan Yan Y Department of Ophthalmology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine , Shanghai , - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: We describe a case of posterior scleritis presenting as the first manifestation in a Chinese patient with immunoglobin A nephropathy (IgAN). Methods: Retrospective review of our patient and review of the published case reports from PubMed search. Results: A 43-year-old woman developed bilateral posterior scleritis. Microscopic hematuria and ...
Schütz Petr P Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Unit, Al-Farwaniya Dental Center, Al-Farwaniya Hospital, Ministry of Health, Salmiya, State of - - 2014
Carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) is a pathologic communication between internal carotid artery (ICA) and cavernous sinus (CS). CCF occurs most commonly in association with craniofacial trauma. Traumatic CCFs are very rare, occurring in 0.17-0.27% of craniomaxillofacial trauma cases. We present a case of the patient treated for multiple facial fractures, who ...
Zouros Efstratios E 1st Surgical Department, Hellenic Air Force Hospital, Athens, - - 2014
Ingesting a foreign body (FB) is not an uncommon occurrence. Most pass through the gastrointestinal (GI) tract uneventfully and rarely cause complications. However, long, sharp, slender, and hard objects such as fish bones, chicken bones, and toothpicks may lead to perforation of the GI tract, which is a potentially life-threatening ...
Brown Matthew S - - 2014
Objective :  To review and collectively summarize our knowledge of simultaneous Le Fort III and Le Fort I osteotomies. Design :  A PubMed search using "Le Fort III," "simultaneous Le Fort III and Le Fort I," "combined Le Fort III and Le Fort I," "dual midface," and "segmental midface" was ...
Sathanantham Dinesh Kumar DK Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA Melmaruvathur Adhiparasakthi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research (MAPIMS), Melmaruvathur, Tamil Nadu, India - - 2014
A simple ranula is a gradually progressive, benign condition of the salivary gland. The report here describes a very rare case of a simple ranula enlarging in an acute fashion, resulting in airway obstruction. A 7-year-old girl presented with swelling in the floor of the mouth, pushing the tongue upward ...
Giovannini Joseph J Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md., - - 2014
To describe a case of fungal keratitis involving an atypical organism with confirmatory in vivo confocal microscopy and to review the literature on Rhodotorula keratitis. Case report and review of the medical literature. A 22-year-old college student was struck in the left eye with a tree branch and subsequently developed ...
Gong Junmei J Department of Haematology, Chinese People's Liberation Army No. 421 Hospital, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510310, P.R. - - 2014
Hyperleukocytosis (white blood cell count, >100×10(9)/l), an uncommon presentation of leukemia, is associated with an increased risk of early mortality. It may present with a variety of symptoms secondary to leukostasis, a syndrome caused by the sludging of circulating leukemic blasts in the microvasculature. Adequate measures for managing this medical ...
Tsai Chen-Yen CY Department of Family Medicine, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, New Taipei 23561, Taiwan, - - 2014
The current study presents a case of persistent hypoglycemia as the initial manifestation of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), as well as a systematic review of the management of hypoglycemia associated with HCC. A 42-year-old female presented with loss of consciousness and a blood glucose level of 30 mg/dl (normal range, ...
Zhou Hai-Yan HY Internal Depatment of Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Jinan, Shandong 250117, P.R. - - 2014
Primary lymphoma of the bone (PLB) primarily arising from the medullary cavity is an extremely rare entity, with only retrospective studies and sporadic cases reported in the literature. The current study presents one case of PLB treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and a review of the literature to elucidate the ...
Kawalec PaweĊ‚ P Department of Drug Management, Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Health Science, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Grzegórzecka 20, 31-531 Kraków, - - 2014
The aim of this systematic review is to collect all current data on the indirect costs (IC) related to psoriatic arthritis (PsA). The search was conducted using MEDLINE (via PubMed), Embase and Centre for Reviews and Dissemination databases. We considered original studies, systematic reviews, economic evaluations, conference abstracts and posters. ...
Khazai Laila L Department of Pathology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, - - 2014
Patients seeking a second opinion or continuation of care at our hospital will routinely have their pathology reviewed prior to initiating treatment. To assess the relevance of this review in patients with breast cancer, we compared original pathology reports submitted during the referral with second-review reports issued at our institution. ...
Kim Byoung-Kook - - 2014
In reviewing the literature, we found few cases of Salmonella osteomyelitis of the femoral diaphysis in a healthy patient. Most are typically associated with sickle cell anemia or immunosuppressed patients. We report on the successful treatment of Salmonella osteomyelitis in the mid-diaphyseal region of the femur caused by Salmonella species ...
Ianiro Gianluca G Division of Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology (GI, SB, FC, AG, GC), Department of Medical Sciences, A. Gemelli University Hospital, Rome, - - 2014
The purpose of this article is to perform a systematic review of the literature on the use of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).There is an increasing interest of both physicians and patients in assessing the possible role of the FMT in the treatment of IBD.Electronic and ...
Krishnamurthy Arvind A Surgical Oncology, Cancer Institute (WIA), 38, Sardar Patel Road, Adyar, Chennai, - - 2014
Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) a pleomorphic sarcoma of uncertain origin was first described by O'Brien and Stout in 1964. It is the most common primary soft tissue sarcoma of late adult life; its occurrence is rare in the pediatric population. MFHs are commonly known to arise in the extremities and ...
Goswami Amit A Department of Minimal Access, Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery, Max Super Specialty Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, - - 2014
Angiomyolipoma (AML) is a rare mesenchymal tumour arising from perivascular epithelioid cells. It is most commonly seen in kidney, but rarely AML can arise in extra renal sites. Adrenal AML is a very rare clinical entity, and very few cases have been reported so far. We present our experience with ...
Lee Hyun Ju HJ Department of Pathology, Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Cheonan, - - 2014
Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) of the uterine cervix is a rare malignancy, and 21 cases have been reported the literature from every language (including our case). Herein, we describe a 17-yearold female patient who presented with active vaginal bleeding. Pelvic examination revealed a 1.6 ×1.0×0.5-cm-sized soft mass protruding from ...
Guleria Vivek S VS Department of Internal Medicine, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Shrinking lung syndrome (SLS) is a infrequently reported manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Reported prevalence of SLS is about 0.5% in SLE patients. Pathogenesis is not fully understood and different therapeutic modalities have been employed with variable results, as only 77 cases of SLS have been documented in literature. ...
García Juan C JC Servicio de Medicina Interna (JCG, MJN), Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Pontevedra, Pontevedra, Galicia; Servicio de Medicina Interna (BC, JMF), Hospital Comarcal del Salnés, Vilagarcía de Arousa, Pontevedra, Galicia; Servicio de Medicina Interna (AL), Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Ourense, Ourense, Galicia; Departamento de Enfermedades Infecciosas (AP, JAO), Hospital San Pedro-CIBIR, Logroño, La Rioja, - - 2014
Cat-scratch disease (CSD) is the most frequent presentation of Bartonella henselae infection. It has a worldwide distribution and is associated with a previous history of scratch or bite from a cat or dog. CSD affects children and teenagers more often (80%) than adults, and it usually has a self-limiting clinical ...
Reder Lindsay L Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Southern California, 1540 Alcazar St., Suite 204, Los Angeles, CA 90033. - - 2014
Hemangiomas of the postcricoid region have been reported almost exclusively in infants and young children. Our adult patient with symptoms of dysphagia and weight loss underwent transoral CO2 laser microsurgery of a postcricoid mass, and final pathologic examination confirmed the presence of a hemangioma. She is doing well after surgery, ...
Cho Hang Sun HS Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Kepco Medical Foundation, Hanil General Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
A fungus ball is an extramucosal fungal proliferation that completely fills one or more paranasal sinuses and usually occurs as a unilateral infection. It is mainly caused by Aspergillus spp in an immunocompetent host, but some cases of paranasal fungal balls reportedly have been caused by Mucor spp. A Mucor ...
Kallam Anji Reddy AR Director & Plastic Surgeon, Alluri Sitarama Raju Institute of Medical Sciences , Eluru, AP, India - - 2014
Desmoid tumours represent aggressive fibroblastic proliferation of the musculoaponeurotic structures commonly from the anterior abdominal wall. These tumours infiltrate locally, recur frequently but do not metastasize. Antecedent trauma, pregnancy and estrogens play a role in the etiopathogenesis of these tumours. In familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) genetic history associated with chromosomal ...
Agrawal Nikhil N Assistant Professor, Department of HPB Surgery, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences , D1, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi, India - - 2014
Transhiatal herniation of abdominal organs after oesophageal resection and reconstruction is rare and sparsely described in the literature. The commonest organ to herniate is the colon. Pancreatic herniation has been reported twice before. We report a case of postoesophagectomy transhiatal pancreatic herniation in an asymptomatic patient.
Troupis John M JM Diagnostic Imaging, Monash Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Medical Imaging & Radiation Science, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
It is well documented that meniscal tears may be found frequently by MRI as an incidental finding in asymptomatic knees. We aim to review the literature regarding the ability of MRI to differentiate between asymptomatic and symptomatic meniscal tears. Ovid MEDLINE, MEDLINE inProcess, Cochrane reviews, Web of Science, Embase and ...
Terentiev Victoria V Department of Emergency Medicine, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York; Downstate College of Medicine, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New - - 2014
Pyocele is a rare emergent urologic condition that requires rapid recognition and treatment to prevent testicular loss. Cases of pediatric pyocele have not been previously reported in the emergency medicine literature. We describe a case of a 6-week-old male who presented to the emergency department for a sepsis evaluation. The ...
Sung Shih-Ying SY Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2014
Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is very accurate in detecting papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs). According to the Bethesda system for reporting thyroid cytopathology, the risk for malignancy is 97-99% when FNAC is used to diagnose PTC; the malignancy risk is 60-75% when FNAC results in suspected PTCs. The presence of hyalinizing ...
Mansueto Pasquale P Department of Internal Medicine and Biomedicine, University of Palermo, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Leishmaniasis is a vector-borne protozoan infection whose clinical spectrum ranges from asymptomatic infection to fatal visceral leishmaniasis. Over the last decades, an increase in imported leishmaniasis cases in developed, non-endemic countries, have been pointed-out from a review of the international literature. Among the possible causes are increasing international tourism, influx ...
El Scheich Tarik T Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Heinrich-Heine-University, Düsseldorf, FR, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to review the worldwide acceptance of the World Health Organization (WHO) ultrasound protocol for assessing hepatosplenic morbidity due to Schistosoma mansoni since its publication in 2000. A PubMed literature research using the keywords "schistosomiasis and ultrasound," "schistosomiasis and ultrasonography," and "S. mansoni and ultrasound" ...
Yim Elizabeth E Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, - - 2014
The authors will review the current literature on efficacy and safety of 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (5αRIs) for androgenetic alopecia (AGA). The 5αRI finasteride and dutasteride are effective in treating AGA and promoting hair regrowth. 5αRI can be given orally, topically and more recently through mesotherapy. However, there has been an ...
Llamas-Velasco M M Department of Dermatology, Hospital Infanta Cristina, Parla, Madrid, Spain; Kempf und Pfaltz Histologische Diagnostik, Zurich, - - 2014
Porokeratotic adnexal ostial nevus (PAON) is a term that encompass porokeratotic eccrine ostial and dermal duct naevus and porokeratotic eccrine and hair follicle naevus. PAON is a rare adnexal hamartoma characterized by the presence of a cornoid lamella exclusively overlying eccrine acrosyringia or over both, eccrine acrosyringia and hair follicles. ...
Kasem Kais K Cancer Molecular Pathology and Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus, Gold Coast, QLD, 4222, - - 2014
Oncocytic phaeochromocytomas are exceedingly rare tumours. To date, there are three reported cases in the literature. This report describes a case of adrenal oncocytic phaeochromocytoma with unique features and malignant potential in a 68-year-old man. The patient presented with an incidental non-functional mass discovered on routine radiological investigation, which was ...
Kerolus Mena M Department of Neurosurgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, - - 2014
and Importance: Acquired atlanto-axial instability (AAI) of inflammatory origin (Grisel syndrome) is a very rare condition. It usually occurs in children with benign upper airway problems and responds well to immobilization, rarely requiring C1-2 arthrodesis. Our recent experience with 2 adult cases suggests this may not be true in an ...
Li Zheng - - 2014
Wilson's disease (WD) is an autosomal recessive disorder of copper metabolism, which leads to the accumulation of this metal in liver, brain, cornea and kidney. Little is reported about spinal deformity associated with this syndrome. This study is to present a case of thoracic kyphosis occurring in the setting of ...
Saade Rami R Departments of Head and Neck Surgery, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, - - 2014
Background: Primary extradural meningiomas (PEMs) are rare, particularly those involving the paraspinal cervical area, so little is known about them. We identified a new case and compare it with 10 previous cases, address the diagnostic challenges, and highlight the clinical and pathologic characteristics. Methods: Case report and literature review of ...
Yaylak Faik F Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Dumlupinar University, 43020 Kutahya, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Introduction: Cholecystectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures. Postoperative investigation of cholecystectomy specimen has a great value since histopathological reports may document some entities with significant clinical consequences. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between cholesterolosis and the reports indicating some histopathological alterations in ...
Andrei Irina Adriana IA Service de Rhumatologie/DAL, CHUV, Av. Pierre Decker 4, 1011, Lausanne, - - 2014
The aims of this review were to describe the case of a patient with debilitating neuroarthropathy of the ankles and feet and reveal a primary systemic (amyloid light chain, AL) amyloidosis and to review the relevant literature concerning the peripheral neuropathy and neuroarthropathy due to amyloidosis. We will emphasize the ...
Lanteri-Minet Michel M Département d'Evaluation et Traitement de la Douleur, Pôle Neurosciences Cliniques du CHU de Nice, Hôpital de Cimiez, Nice, - - 2014
Hypnic headache (HH) is a rare primary headache characterized by strictly sleep-related headache attacks. This paper reviews the pertinent literature on HH. Disease information is mainly based on case reports and small case series (around 250 cases) published since its first description in 1988 by Raskin. HH usually starts over ...
Skroza N N Department of Dermatology "Daniele Innocenzi", Sapienza University of Rome, Polo Pontino, Italy - - - 2014
The attention to the impact of gender differences in acne is needed and lacking OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review on gender differences in acne METHODS: A review of literature was performed using PubMed and Ovid literature search, using a variety of combined search terms including ''acne'' ''gender,'' ''sex,'' ''females,'' ...
Kimple Adam J AJ Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, - - 2014
Information on polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma (PLGA) consists primarily of case reports and small institutional series with varying recurrence rates. In this report, we describe our institutional experience and conduct a review of the literature to assess the overall incidence of PLGA among oral salivary gland tumors and determine recurrence rates. ...
Clifton Laura J LJ Plastic Surgery Department, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, 9 Sciennes Road, Edinburgh, Midlothian EH9 1LF, Scotland, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study investigated aetiology of burn cases presenting to the Royal Hospital for Sick Children in Edinburgh to identify factors that influence the number of outpatient visits patients make to the Plastic Dressing Clinic (PDC) following discharge. A retrospective review was performed of all paediatric burn cases presenting between January ...
Costanzo Giuseppe G Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Polo Pontino, University of Rome Sapienza, Via Bertero 49, 00156, Rome, - - 2014
The recent proliferation of minimally invasive lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) techniques has drawn attention to potential for these techniques to control or correct sagittal misalignment in adult spinal deformity. We systemically reviewed published studies related to LLIF use in adult spinal deformity treatment with emphasis on radiographic assessment of ...
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