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Jalalat Sheila Z - - 2014
Alopecia areata is thought to be a T-cell mediated and cytokine mediated autoimmune disease that results in non-scarring hair loss. Poliosis has been described as a localized depigmentation of hair caused by a deficiency of melanin in hair follicles. A 57-year-old man with a history of alopecia areata developed white ...
Matzaroglou Charalampos C Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Patras, - - 2014
The three major causes of vertebral body collapse include infection, malignant neoplasia, and trauma and it may be difficult to distinguish between them, particularly in the presence of severe osteoporosis. In 1891, however, Dr Hermann Kümmell, further added another possibility of vertebral body crush; the delayed posttraumatic collapse. As originally ...
Huerter Mary E ME Department of Surgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, - - 2014
Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (AFH) is a rare soft-tissue tumor with intermediate malignant potential. It most commonly occurs in children and young adults. We report a case of a recurrent AFH of the back, locally recurring within 14 months of the original operation. We also review the literature for this uncommon ...
Fiengo Leslie L Department of Surgical Sciences, Policlinico Umberto I, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, - - 2014
Cardiac echinococcus is a rare affliction of the heart caused by the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. Primary echinococcosis of the heart represents 0.5-2% of all hydatid disease cases in endemic regions. It evolves slowly, explaining its rarity in children. We report the case of a 11-year-old child affected by a giant ...
Zielinska Patrycja P 0000-0003-2356-5090 Department of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Medical University of Silesia, Dabrowskiego 25, 40-032 Katowice, - - 2014
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common adult leukemia in the Western world. Host immune surveillance caused mainly by the disease itself is speculated to be responsible for high incidence of secondary neoplasms. However, the simultaneous occurrence of CLL and myeloproliferative disorder in the same patient is extremely rare. ...
Hogan Sara R SR Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, Illinois. Electronic address: - - 2013
Adrenergic urticaria is a rare type of stress-induced physical urticaria characterized by transient outbreaks of red papules surrounded by halos of hypopigmented, vasoconstricted skin. First described in 1985, there are 10 reported cases of adrenergic urticaria in the English-language medical literature. Episodes are caused by various triggers, including emotional upset, ...
Skeik Nedaa - - 2013
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is a cerebrovascular disease in which beta amyloid peptides are deposited in leptomeningeal, cortical, and sub-cortical arteries, arterioles, and capillaries. Most individuals with CAA are asymptomatic. However, patients with CAA can present with cognitive impairment and other neurologic deficits caused by vascular wall amyloid deposition leading ...
Canevari Frank Rikki FR Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Viale Golgi 19, 27100 Pavia, Italy. - - 2013
Osteomas are the most common benign tumors of the nose and paranasal sinuses. Their symptoms, which are nonspecific, occur as the result of a blocked nasal airflow or, in some rare cases, the involvement of nearby structures. Isolated sphenoid sinus osteomas are very rare, as only 20 cases have been ...
Gerbino Giovanni G Assistant Professor, Division of Maxillofacial Surgery, Head and Neck Department, San Giovanni Battista Hospital, University of Turin, Turin, - - 2013
This report describes a peculiar case of needle breakage during inferior alveolar nerve block to perform third molar extraction that was removed with the aid of a BrainLAB VectorVision neuronavigation system. This report adds to the currently limited scientific literature on the image-guided removal of foreign bodies from the oral ...
Güçlü Oğuz O Department of Otolaryngology, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Faculty of Medicine, Çanakkale, - - 2013
Sudden hearing loss developing after immunisation is a very rare situation. Rabies is a viral disease characterised by encephalitis and death. Treatment involves active and passive immunisation. Neurologic complications including Guillain-Barre syndrome or facial paralysis are reported in the literature as a side effect after rabies immunisation. Sudden hearing loss ...
Araújo Pryscyla P T - - 2013
: The aim of this study was to evaluate the literature regarding clinical efficacy and predictability of block allograft for restoration of vertical and/or horizontal bone defects. : A literature search was conducted in PubMed/MEDLINE and Cochrane databases about studies reporting the use of block allografts. The review included studies ...
Patra Soumya S Department of Cardiology, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences & Research, Bangalore 560069, Karnataka, - - 2013
Ventricular noncompaction has been recognized as a distinct form of rare cardiomyopathy characterized by numerous, prominent ventricular trabeculations and deep intertrabecular recesses and is caused by a disorder of endomyocardial morphogenesis. Concomitance of either valvular pathologies or complete atrioventricular block with biventricular noncompaction has rarely been reported. Herein, we present ...
Busto Martin Luis - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of a mesothelioma of the tunica vaginalis and to review the published literature. METHODS / RESULTS: A 61-year-old patient complained of one-month increase of right scrotum size with pain. An ultrasound showed a right hydrocele with a mass attached to the tunica vaginalis. He didn't ...
Gunturi Nivedita N Department of Pediatrics, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai, - - 2013
There has been widespread interest surrounding the use of beta-blockers (i.e. propranolol, timolol, nadolol, acebutolol) in the treatment of infantile hemangiomas (IH). To review literature evaluating treatment of IH with propranolol. We conducted a literature search on PubMed and investigated for case reports, case series, and controlled trials by using ...
Marano Riccardo - - 2013
Significant literature on MDCT coronary angiography (MDCT-CA) has emerged in the last decade concerning patient's selection, technical aspects of different generations of CT equipment, ECG gating, contrast material and beta-blockade administration, acquisition parameters, and radiation dose. However, the literature regarding postprocessing, reading, and reporting is not so extensive. This review ...
Hodler Juerg J Department of Radiology, Orthopedic University Hospital Balgrist, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. - - 2013
We report two detrimental neurologic complications after technically correct selected cervical nerve root blocks. Based on these cases and a thorough review of the literature, the indication for cervical nerve root blocks was reconsidered and limited. Similarly, we modified our technique to further reduce the likelihood for the occurrence of ...
Martin-Flores Manuel - - 2013
This article briefly reviews the physiology of the neuromuscular junction and the pharmacologic mechanisms of neuromuscular blocking agents. The clinical use of modern agents is discussed. Monitoring techniques used to assess the level of neuromuscular block and to exclude residual paralysis at the end of an anesthetic procedure are reviewed.
Lam Sandi S Department of Surgery, University of Chicago, 5841 S. Maryland Ave, MC3026, J341, Chicago, IL, - - 2013
Neuromuscular hamartomas are rare benign tumors with mature skeletal elements mixed with mature neural elements. They present typically as solitary lesions in childhood and have been reported to be associated with cranial nerves or large peripheral nerves such as the brachial plexus, median nerve, and sciatic nerve. To date, eight ...
Sharif-Yakan A - - 2012
What is known and Objective:  Teicoplanin is a glycopeptide antibiotic used against documented or presumed methicillin-resistant infections. We report a 31-month-old boy with acute lymphocytic leukaemia who developed permanent complete atrioventricular block (CAVB) necessitating pacemaker insertion after receiving teicoplanin for Staphylococcus epidermidis bacteremia. Case summary:  Clinical assessment of the child ...
Kühn F F Chirurgische Klinik und Poliklinik, Universität Rostock, Rostock, - - 2012
With fewer than 250 cases published worldwide, primary vaginal melanoma is an extremely rare malignant entity which is mostly diagnosed in advanced stages. The estimated incidence of vaginal melanoma is 0.026/100 000 women per year. The poor prognosis for advanced tumour stages and different therapies used in very limited numbers of ...
Zahid M - - 2012
Paroxysmal atrioventricular-block is a poorly-recognized cause of atrioventricular conduction abnormality leading to syncope and can be fatal. Here we report a case of paroxysmal atrioventricular-block presenting as syncope treated effectively with pacemaker implantation and review the current literature on prevalence, known mechanisms and treatment for it. Importantly we provide the ...
Chen Yen-Chia YC Department of Emergency Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei City, Taiwan; Institute of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei City, - - 2014
Rhabdophis tigrinus is a common colubrid snake that can be found in an extensive geographical region in East Asia. It consists of two subspecies: R.t. tigrinus (yamakagashi) and R.t. formosanus (Taiwan tiger keelback). R. tigrinus possesses two different sets of poisonous glands: the Duvernoy's glands in the maxilla, and the ...
Bansal Arpana V AV Reader, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, People's Dental Academy, Bhanpur Bypass Road, Bhopal-462010, Madhya Pradesh, India, e-mail: - - 2012
Dens invaginatus is a rare developmental anomaly. It is unusual to find this anomaly in primary dentition. Diagnosis of this dens invaginatus is important due to possible pulpal involvement. Not only that, simultaneous presence of other dental anomaly may require long-term treatment planning. Dens invaginatus can be detected clinically in ...
Carano Nicola - - 2012
Acquired complete heart block, in pediatric age is mainly the results of direct injury to conduction tissue during cardiac surgery or cardiac catheterisation. It can also be observed in different clinical settings as infectious diseases, neoplasia, and inflammatory diseases. It has a wide range of presentation and in some settings ...
Jeanmonod Rebecca R St. Luke's Hospital and Health Network, Bethlehem, PA 18015, - - 2012
The Joint Commission accreditation manual contains standards in improving organization performance related to report and review of patient care issues causing unexpected harm. In spite of regulations mandating reporting, it remains inconsistent, varying by provider type and hospital. Our purpose was to determine current attitudes, knowledge, and practice of error ...
Remo Andrea - - 2011
Rhabdoid colon tumors (RCTs) are rare lesions whose existence as an independent distinct entity remains controversial. To date, 6 RCTs have been reported. This study reports a novel case associated with polyposis coli in a 73-year-old woman. Histologically, the neoplasia was heterogeneous consisting of an adenocarcinoma associated with rhabdoid features. ...
Laouri M - - 2011
Retinal vein occlusion (RVO) is the second most common cause of vision loss due to retinal vascular disease. A literature review was undertaken to understand the epidemiology, clinical consequence, current practice patterns, and cost of RVO. Pertinent articles were identified by computerized searches of the English language literature in MEDLINE ...
Papadia Marina - - 2011
Purpose: To report the case of a patient who presented with unilateral papillitis that turned out to be the visible feature of bilateral tubercular choroiditis. Design: Retrospective review of chart and clinical history of the patient. Methods: Case report of a 54-year-old Hispanic woman with visual complaints and papillitis in ...
Purvin Valerie - - 2011
Neuroretinitis (NR) is an inflammatory disorder characterized by optic disc edema and subsequent formation of a macular star figure. The underlying pathophysiology involves increased permeability of disc vasculature, but the etiology is not fully defined. In some cases, NR is probably due to an infectious process involving the disc; in ...
Hartney Kimberly E - - 2011
Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is a clinical entity in which patients develop vivid visual hallucinations in the absence of psychiatric illness. In the great majority of cases, a decline in visual acuity precedes the development of CBS. The patient maintains intact reality testing and recognizes that the hallucinations are not ...
Bair Brooke - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common skin disorder of increasing prevalence. Many ophthalmologic conditions are associated with AD, including cataract formation. Posterior and anterior subcapsular cataracts have been described in AD. Topical and systemic corticosteroids have been implicated in the development of cataracts. The precise pathogenic mechanisms and risk ...
Chaudhry M - - 2011
Abstract Posterior capsular opacification, also known as after cataract develops in 33 % of patients after uneventful cataract surgery. Nd-YAG Laser capsulotomy is the treatment of choice for PCO and is routinely performed by the general ophthalmologist on an OPD basis. Endophthalmitis, although a rare complication after Nd-YAG Laser capsulotomy, ...
Gogaki Eleni - - 2011
Iridoschisis is a rare condition that consists of the separation of the anterior mesodermic layer of the iris. In more than two-thirds of cases it is associated with glaucoma. We report the case of an 80-year-old patient who had bilateral iridoschisis and presented with acute angle-closure glaucoma. The patient was ...
Thomas Ravi - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Clear lens extraction is being advocated for primary angle closure disease (PACD). It is important that this advocacy should be based on a sound, peer-reviewed evidence base. This review attempts to establish the extent of that evidence and provide some management guidelines. RECENT FINDINGS: There are only ...
Tsipursky Michael S - - 2011
We report three new cases of patients with Sturge-Weber Syndrome and symptomatic retinal detachments from diffuse choroidal hemangiomas successfully treated with photodynamic therapy (PDT) and review medical literature on the available treatment options for choroidal hemangiomas. All patients were treated with a single session of PDT with verteporfin infused at ...
Chowdhury R K - - 2010
Sideroblastic anemia is a rare cause of microcytic hypochromic anemia. In Bangladesh, most common causes of microcytic anemia are iron deficiency anemia, anemia of chronic diseases and thalassemia. Serum ferritin is usually done to differentiate them. If serum ferritin is low, the diagnosis of iron deficiency is entertained. When serum ...
Aynaoğlu Gülşah - - 2010
To present a rare case with factor VII deficiency (FVIID) that first diagnosed during pregnancy, and to disccuss the ante-, peri- and postpartum management. A case report and review of the literature. FVIID was diagnosed for the first time in a 23-year-old pregnant woman at the 24th week of gestation ...
Rauh Michael J - - 2011
Despite modern technological advancements in laboratory hematology, the blood film remains an important diagnostic aid. Herein, we report the case of a patient with a history of gastric cancer, who presented seven years following apparently successful surgery and adjuvant chemo-radio-therapy, with blood film findings of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA), thrombocytopenia, ...
Girolami A - - 2010
The occasional occurrence of thrombosis in patients with congenital bleeding disorders has received considerable attention during the past decade. Myocardial infarction, ischemic strokes and venous thromboembolism have been reported in hemophilia A or B patients, in von Willebrand disease and, also, in rare coagulation disorders, especially in factor VII (FVII) ...
Dogan Murat - - 2011
Mucopolysaccharidosis type VI (MPS VI), or Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome, is a lysosomal storage disorder that results from a deficiency of the enzyme N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulfatase or arylsulfatase B (ASB). It is a relatively rare disorder, with an estimated incidence of 1 in 248,000 to 1 in 300,000. The diagnosis is made on the ...
Guss David A - - 2011
Lice infestation is a commonly encountered disorder in emergency medicine. The louse survives from a blood meal from its host; hence, iron deficiency anemia is a theoretic possibility. A limited number of reports of severe iron deficiency anemia have appeared in the veterinary literature, but a thorough review of the ...
Peacocke Monica - - 2010
Desquamative inflammatory vaginitis (DIV) is a chronic disorder associated with yellow vaginal discharge, vulvovaginal burning and pruritus, and dyspareunia. The cause of DIV is unknown; however, infectious, hormonal, and inflammatory etiologies have been proposed. In this series, we observe the association of DIV and vitamin D deficiency by reporting 4 ...
Allegri Gabriella - - 2010
Fumaric aciduria is a rare metabolic disease, with 40 cases reported so far. Fumarase deficiency leads mainly to brain abnormalities, developmental delay, and great accumulation of fumaric acid in urine. This work presents the first case of fumaric aciduria described in Brazil, which presented with some interesting clinical and biochemical ...
Schwalfenberg G K - - 2010
There is disturbing evidence of widespread vitamin D deficiency in many population groups, particularly within nations at high latitude. Numerous recent studies in the scientific literature associate vitamin D deficiency with a colossal increase in morbidity and mortality. Since Canada is at higher latitude, this review assesses the vitamin D ...
Zerzri Yusr - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The complement system is one of the main effectors of both innate and adaptive immunity. Hereditary complement deficiency, mainly those of the terminal pathway (C5-C9), is at increased risk for septic meningitides particularly meningococcal ones. AIM: to assess clinical and biochemical features of 3 Tunisian adults with C5 hereditary ...
Kelly Emer - - 2010
To review the topic of alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency. Narrative literature review. Much work has been carried out on this condition with many questions being answered but still further questions remain. AAT deficiency is an autosomal co-dominantly inherited disease which affects the lungs and liver predominantly. The clinical manifestations, prevalence, ...
Yildiz Baris - - 2010
Antral gastric vascular ectasia is a rare cause of chronic anemia. When encountered, the diagnosis is usually delayed. Endoscopic findings are well established, although radiologic findings are not. Patients respond well to surgery. Our case was of a 62-year-old female with chronic anemia who required multiple blood transfusions and iron ...
Al-Qattan M M - - 2010
Ulnar ray deficiency is rare and has a variable presentation. As a result, there are many different classification systems for this anomaly. Furthermore, the developmental biology of the anomaly is still not fully understood. The aim of this article is to review the previous classification systems, present the clinical features ...
Gazit Yael - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Leukocyte adhesion deficiency (LAD) is a group of rare inherited disorders characterized by immune deficiency and peripheral neutrophilia. There are only seven reported cases of LAD type II worldwide, and no long-term follow-up data. CASE REPORT: We reviewed the medical file of a 20-year-old man with LAD II. Clinical ...
Win Nay - - 2010
Hyperhemolytic transfusion reaction (HHTR) is a serious and potentially life-threatening complication of red blood cell (RBC) transfusion and has been well described in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) and non-SCD patients. Awareness of this condition is important because subsequent transfusion may exacerbate hemolysis and may lead to a chronic ...
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