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Results 451 - 500 of 808
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Lin I-Sheng - - 2007
Spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) 17 is a dominant neurodegenerative disorder characterized by ataxia, cognitive decline, dystonia, and parkinsonism. The disease is caused by unstable cytosine-adenine-guanine (CAG) trinucleotide expansion mutation coding for polyglutamine tracts in the TATA box-binding protein (TBP), a general transcription initiation factor. Herein, we report a SCA17 case with ...
Deniz Kemal - - 2006
Local deposition of amyloid without systemic involvement is rather uncommon and has been found in many organs. A 67-year- old man was admitted to our hospital presenting with weight loss, fatigue and poor appetite. Blood work and bone marrow examination revealed megaloblastic anemia. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy reveeled e purple polypoid ...
Remacha Angel F - - 2006
The JAK2/V617F mutation has been noted in essential thrombocytemia. We investigated 19 cases with refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts (RARS), including three RARS with thrombocytosis (RARS-T). Only the RARS-T patients showed this mutation. More cases need to be analyzed to determine the prevalence of the JAK2/V617F mutation in RARS-T.
Rozin A P - - 2006
We report a rare case of essential mixed cryoglobulinemia type II with membrano-proliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) type I in which HCV was not found. Long-term history of palindromic rheumatism, skin leukocytoclastic vasculitis attacks and micro-normocytic anemia preceded the appearance of cryoglobulinemia. Cryoprecipitate consisted of monoclonal IgMk-RF and polyclonal IgG (essential mixed ...
Reyes-Núñez Virginia - - 2006
alpha-Thalassemia (alpha-Thal) has been poorly characterized at the molecular level in Mexico. 106 consecutive individuals identified in Laboratorios Clínicos de Puebla, with either hypochromia (MCH < 24 pg) and/or microcytosis (MCV < 75 fl in women or < 80 fl in man), without iron deficiency, with or without anemia were ...
Kendirci Muammer - - 2006
Accessory scrotum is very uncommon. Here we report a 5-year old Caucasian boy presenting with an accessory scrotum localized to the left side of the pubic area. The penis and the primary scrotum were completely normal, containing two dependent testicles. On the right side of the body there was type ...
Kim Ickkeun - - 2006
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia associated with an ovarian teratoma is a very rare disease. However, treating teratoma is the only method to cure the hemolytic anemia, so it is necessary to include ovarian teratoma in the differential diagnosis of autoimmune hemolytic anemia. We report herein on a case of a young ...
Rodriguez Sandra - - 2007
We describe the clinical presentation and diagnostic tests of a patient with regional transient osteoporosis (RTO) of the foot. This patient presented with a 4-month history of left-foot pain, nonpitting edema, and brownish discolorations of both feet. He had a history of tobacco abuse, alcohol abuse, and malnutrition. Radiological studies ...
Hong Yin-Tai - - 2006
Aristolochic acid-associated nephropathy (AAN) has been identified as a separate entity of progressive tubulo-interstitial nephropathy. Its characteristic pathological findings, including hypocellular interstitial fibrosis, intimal thickening of interlobular and afferent arterioles with glomeruli sparing or mild sclerosis, have been identified. Many cases of AAN in adults have been reported in Taiwan ...
Nayak Surajit - - 2006
A 6-year-old child presented with generalized hyperkeratosis, most marked over the flexures; windswept deformity of the legs; and limping since 3 years. On the basis of the clinical, histopathologic and biochemical findings, he was diagnosed as a case of epidermolytic hyperkeratosis with rickets. He was treated with parenteral vitamin D3 ...
Tavil Betül - - 2006
A 14-month-old boy was referred to our hospital for evaluation of severe anemia. In the bone marrow aspiration smear, normal cellularity with severe erythroblastopenia (3%) was observed. The hemoglobin electrophoresis of the patient and his father were compatible with the beta-thalassemia trait. Because macrocytosis of Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is masked ...
Fox Leanne M - - 2006
A case of transfusion-associated neonatal babesiosis is presented. Jaundice, hepatosplenomegaly, anemia and conjugated hyperbilirubinemia developed in this preterm infant. The diagnosis was eventually made by blood smear, serology and polymerase chain reaction. The patient was treated with clindamycin and quinine and made a favorable recovery. Of neonatal babesiosis reported in ...
Murphy R L - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The authors report a case of three brothers. Two of these siblings presented with congenital growth hormone deficiency and Chiari I malformation. The third and younger brother has been found not to have growth hormone deficiency or the Chiari I malformation. RESULTS: Sparse cases of these two clinical occurrences ...
Yazici A C - - 2006
Isotretinoin (13-cis-retinoic acid) is one of the synthetic retinoids derived from vitamin A. Vitamin A derivatives demonstrate virucidal activity, both in vivo and in vitro. Isotretinoin has been used for the treatment of recurrent herpes simplex with encouraging results. However, we present a case with frequent attacks of herpes labialis ...
Saritas Ulku - - 2006
In Castleman disease, also known as giant lymph node hyperplasia, lesions are usually located in the chest. Peliosis hepatis is the presence of multiple blood-filled cysts in the liver. The combination of these two disorders in one patient is rare, with only three cases reported to date. We report the ...
Bartels Piet C M - - 2006
Microcytic erythropoiesis in case of anemia is frequently due to iron deficiency or may be due to alpha- and beta- thalassemia trait as a result of increased activity of erythropoiesis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate alterations with regard to the degree of hemoglobinization in reticulocytes in ...
Schiff Manuel - - 2006
Pyruvate carboxylase (PC) is a key enzyme for gluconeogenesis and anaplerotic pathways in brain. PC deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive neurometabolic disorder with three described characteristic presentations. We report a patient with atypical clinical and neuroradiological aspects. He survived from neonatal lactic acidemia and is alive at 9 years ...
Noronha Vanita - - 2005
We report a case of a 59-year-old woman with metastatic carcinoma of the ileocecal region who received FOLFOX(oxaliplatin/leucovorin/5-fluorouracil) and bevacizumab therapy and exhibited a partial remission with minimal side effects. She developed a mild self-limited episode of immune-mediated hemolytic anemia during her 16th cycle of chemotherapy, which precluded her from ...
Gallagher Renata C - - 2005
Glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (GA-I) is associated with the onset of irreversible, disabling dystonia between 3 and 18 months of age. Presymptomatic identification and treatment can prevent the devastating disability associated with this disorder. We report the retrospective analysis of the newborn blood spot of an affected child with a low ...
Gunasekaran S - - 2005
Internal jugular vein thrombosis is a rare but treatable disorder with most of the reports in the literature related to the adult population. The most common reported cause is iatrogenic trauma to the internal jugular vein and only a few cases have been reported in the paediatric population. We present ...
Kordy Faisal Nayel - - 2005
This report described a 6-month-old boy who presented with miliary tuberculosis and severe CD8 deficiency, which is most likely secondary to miliary tuberculosis since his CD8 was back to normal 6 month after therapy and primary CD8 deficiency, (ZAP 70 defect) was ruled out. To our knowledge this is the ...
Hamerschlak Nelson - - 2005
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Aplastic anemia and agranulocytosis are rare but life-threatening disorders, often caused by drugs and other environmental exposures. Reported incidence of these diseases seems to vary between different geographic regions, and few data on their incidence are available for Latin American countries. The aim of this work is ...
Dixit Ashish - - 2005
Therapeutic approaches are not well established in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). We evaluated response to cyclosporin A (CyA) in 19 cases with MDS who were enrolled for the study [13 refractory anemia (RA), 5 refractory anemia with excess of blasts (RAEB), and 1 refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts (RARS)]. ...
Durodoye Oluyemisi M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To report 5 cases of empty sella syndrome (ESS) manifesting with various degrees of pituitary dysfunction. METHODS: We describe the initial manifestations in 5 patients with primary ESS and in previous cases of ESS reported in the English language literature. RESULTS: Review of our recent medical records identified 5 ...
Billing K J - - 2005
PURPOSE: Idiopathic sclerosing orbital inflammation (ISOI) has been categorized by some authors as a unique clinicopathologic entity, separate from the heterogeneous group of disorders known collectively as nonspecific orbital inflammation. Histologic similarity and clinical association with other fibrosclerosing conditions has been shown. The authors present a case of ISOI in ...
Parikh Tushar B - - 2005
Fanconi's anemia (FA) is a paradigm for congenital anomalies, aplastic anemia and predisposition to malignancies. Identification of the disease at birth is based on characteristic physical malformations, as hematologic manifestations at birth are extremely rare. We report a case of FA in a newborn who presented with anophthalmia, unilateral radial ...
Kawasaki Yukihiko - - 2005
Selective IgA deficiency associated with glomerulonephritis is rare and no previous reports in childhood have been made of the association of IgA deficiency and membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN). We report a 5-year-old boy with selective IgA deficiency and MGN. He presented with nephrotic syndrome. Percutaneous renal needle biopsy showed diffuse global ...
Vicente-Gutiérrez María Pilar - - 2005
Hereditary xerocytosis is a rare hemolytic anemia in which erythrocytes are dehydrated due to a loss of potassium and water through their cell wall membrane. In adults, this condition leads to a mild-to-moderate hemolysis. We report a case of hydrops fetalis secondary to hereditary xerocytosis. Management with intrauterine erythrocyte and ...
Kumar Vijay - - 2005
Erythroid hypoplasia in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) happens to be a rare association and is being recognized as a distinct clinico pathological entity. We report here two such cases diagnosed as Refractory anaemia (RA) and Refractory anaemia with excess blast (RAEB) who had marked suppression of the erythroid cell lines. Both ...
Evens Andrew M - - 2005
In 2002, investigators from France reported 13 patients in whom pure red cell aplasia developed during treatment with recombinant human erythropoietin (epoetin). We reviewed 208 cases of this syndrome reported worldwide. Adverse event reports describing suspected and confirmed cases of epoetin-associated PRCA in websites maintained by the manufacturers and distributors ...
Oude Luttikhuis H G M - - 2005
Since the introduction of neonatal screening for branched-chain organic acidurias, it has been noted that isolated 3-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase deficiency is probably one of the most frequent organic acidurias. Only a few cases with severe clinical presentation have been described. Profound hypoglycaemia is an uncommon but life-threatening complication.
Sketchley Mara - - 2005
Two case studies are used to illustrate the importance of balancing the postsurgical achievement of high-level visual acuity with the acquisition of stereopsis in cases of unilateral cataract. Traditional management will be reviewed and limited occlusion therapy will be discussed. A structured occlusion regime that allows for increased binocular opportunity ...
Sennekamp J - - 2004
Up to now only 3 cases of extrinsic allergic alveolitis (hypersensitivity pneumonitis) with IgA deficiency have been published worldwide. We had the opportunity to detect two additional cases which will be presented here. Summarizing all cases IgA deficiency is a risk factor for a severe course of the disease and ...
Akaogi Jun - - 2004
The case of a 27-year-old woman who simultaneously presented with SLE and severe refractory thrombotic microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (TMHA) is reported. She had extremely high levels of platelet-associated IgG (PAIgG), and her TMHA was refractory to plasma exchange and corticosteroid therapy. However, the TMHA was effectively controlled by i.v. cyclophosphamide ...
Ogunlesi T A - - 2004
We report four cases of childhood ataxia with and without encephalopathies which were successfully managed with thiamine supplementation and diagnosed in retrospect as being caused by thiamine deficiency. The clinical presentations were similar to those previously reported amongst adolescents and adults who ingested the larvae of Anaphe venata, a local ...
Suzuki Nuiko - - 2004
Beta-mannosidosis is a lysosomal disorder which is caused by a deficiency of beta-mannosidase. This disorder was first described in goats. Twelve human cases have already been reported. We present the first case in Japan in whom the diagnosis was reached from angiokeratoma corporis diffusum. Futhermore, mental retardation, hearing loss, and ...
Marinaki A M - - 2004
A deficiency of adenylosuccinate lyase (ASDL) is characterised by the accumulation of SAICAriboside (SAICAr) and succinyladenosine (S-Ado) in body fluids. The severity of the clinical presentation correlates with a low S-Ado/SAICAr ratio in body fluids. We report the first British case of ADSL deficiency. The patient presented at 14 days ...
Balasubramanian Meenakshi - - 2004
Angiodysplasia of gastrointestinal tract is still thought to be an entity of unknown aetiology. This lesion is most commonly observed in elderly patients presenting with severe and persistent iron deficiency anaemia, following occult blood loss or acute episodes of haematemesis. In the stomach antral vascular ectasia is the most common ...
Amarapurkar D N - - 2004
Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) syndrome is an uncommon cause of chronic gastrointestinal bleeding and iron deficiency anaemia. We describe two cases of GAVE, one pernicious anaemia related and the other portal hypertension related. In both the cases, progressive mucosal changes, which lead to development of GAVE, were documented. Those ...
Moretti Rita - - 2004
In cross-sectional studies, low levels of folate and B12 have been shown to be associated with cognitive decline and dementia Evidence for the putative role of folate, vitamin B12 in neurocognitive and other neurological functions comes from reported cases of severe vitamin deficiencies, particularly pernicious anemia, and homozygous defects in ...
Maj Stanisław - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Metamizole is a common analgesic and antipyretic drug. However, its use has been associated with a risk of side-effects involving agranulocytosis and aplastic anemia. These reactions are rare and unpredictable. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the risks of these complications in Poland, where this medication ...
Hamilton J W - - 2004
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) is an enzyme of the pentose phosphate shunt pathway a major function of which is to prevent cellular oxidative damage. Deficiency in red blood cells is associated with a number of varied clinical manifestations. Chronic non-spherocytic haemolytic anaemia is uncommon but is usually characterized by chronic haemolysis, ...
Islam M A - - 2004
An 18 year old boy presented with small genitalia, failure of eruption of secondary sex hairs, female like voice with eunachoid body habitus, bilateral gynecomastia, infantile external genitalia, small testes and poorly developed musculature. He was diagnosed as a case of 47XXY Klinefelter syndrome on the basis of hormone assay ...
Zarina L - - 2004
Factor VII deficiency is a rare congenital blood disorder. Its clinical features are rather variable and ranges from epistaxis to massive intracranial haemorrhage. Treatment involves replacement therapy, which constitutes use of fresh frozen plasma, prothrombin complex concentrates or recombinant activated factor VII. Although it is a rare entity, one still ...
Chhotray Guru Prasad - - 2004
Five hundred and 20 cases (279 males; 241 females), referred for anemia, with a wide age range, from different parts of the state of Orissa, India, were investigated to evaluate the extent of the prevalence of hemoglobinopathies (sickle cell disorders and thalassemias) by analyzing the associated hemoglobin (Hb) profiles, Hb ...
Mansouritorgabeh H - - 2004
Of the six types of dual coagulation factors deficiency, combined factors V and VIII are the most common type, a few cases of this disease have been reported in different populations. This accounts for the relatively low number of cases reported so far. Our report, which included 19 patients, is ...
Klein Moti - - 2004
Acute thiamine deficiency, an uncommon cause of hemodynamic instability in Western countries, may be manifested by acute heart failure and neurological deficits. Severe metabolic acidosis is one of its least recognized features. We present a report of foreign workers who complained of weakness and lower limb edema and were found ...
Bajracharya B L - - 2004
Hereditary spherocytosis is a congenital haemolytic anaemia due to defect in spectrin-a RBC membrane protein and is transmitted as autosomal dominant. Due to this defect there is presence of characteristic spherical cell in peripheral blood smear and osmotic fragility is increased. Haemolytic anaemia, reticulocytosis, jaundice and splenomegaly are present. This ...
Altintaş Engin - - 2004
Dydrogesterone, similar to women's natural progesterone, has been used in a wide range of gynecological conditions. Despite its widespread use, dydrogesterone-induced hepatotoxicity and dydrogesterone-induced hemolytic anemia have, to the best of our knowledge, never been reported previously. We describe a case of hepatitis and warm antibody hemolytic anemia due to ...
Tyagi S - - 2004
Haemoglobin E beta thalassemia (HbE beta thalassemia) has a remarkable variability in clinical expression ranging from a mild form of thalassemia intermedia to a transfusion dependent condition. An overlap between the mild variety of HbE beta thalassemia and homozygous HbE disease is common, however, differentiation is required for early institution ...
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