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Reich Susanne - - 2008
We describe the case of a 7-year-old girl with an apparently new genetic disorder characterized by oculocutaneous albinism, microcephaly, low-set helices, a prominent nose with a broad bridge, a long philtrum, a thin upper lip, a short neck, brachydactyly of the hands and syndactyly between the second and third toes ...
Sah Kunal
Verruciform xanthoma [VX] is an uncommon benign mucocutaneous lesion of unknown etiology. This rare, harmless lesion usually presents as sessile or pedunculated, pale yellowish-to-red, papillary, granular or verrucous mucosal growth. Histologically VX is characterized by the presence of parakeratinzed epithelium showing papillary or verrucous growth with thin rete ridges and ...
Kocabas Hilal - - 2008
Hyperostosis frontalis interna (HFI) is a disorder characterized by progressive symmetric thickening of the inner table of the frontal bone of the human skull. HFI may be accompanied by headache and some neuropsychiatric diseases such as epilepsy and dementia. Giant cell arteritis (GCA), also called temporal arteritis, is a systemic ...
Egevad Lars - - 2008
This paper reports a case of atypical stromal hyperplasia (ASH) of the prostate, i.e. a proliferation of stromal cells with scattered atypical nuclei, growing between benign prostatic glands. This is a rare lesion, but at least 36 cases have been reported. Although most ASHs arise in the transition zone in ...
Birnbaum Brian F - - 2008
A 32 year-old African-American man presented to our institution after attempting suicide via ingestion with quetiapine. He had reported a history of several days of substance abuse with alcohol, cocaine and marijuana related to a partying binge. Following this, his partner removed him from his residence resulting in a suicide ...
Rekhi Bharat - - 2008
ABSTRACT: The distinction between metastasis from a colorectal adenocarcinoma into the ovary and an ovarian adenocarcinoma is vital, but challenging at times, due to overlapping morphological features. Similarly, a distinction between an ovarian metastasis into the colorectum and a colorectal adenocarcinoma, although rare; is important and can be daunting. We ...
El-Bahrawy Mona - - 2008
Nerve sheath tumours of the kidney are particularly rare and, in the few reported cases, are all situated in the hilar region. We describe the case of a tumour presenting towards the lateral border of the ventral aspect of the mid-zone of the kidney. This was a spindle cell lesion ...
Naqvi Asghar H - - 2008
Hard metal disease (HMD), the interstitial lung disease caused by dusts in the cemented tungsten carbide (WC) industry, has been attributed to cobalt. The rare histologic pattern of giant cell interstitial pneumonia (GIP) is characteristic in HMD. The authors reviewed the history of HMD and 100 cases of HMD that ...
Thakur Jagdeep S - - 2008
Giant tonsillolith is a rare clinical entity. Commonly, it occurs between 20-77 years of age. We had a twelve years old female patient, who had odynophagia due to a giant tonsillolith. The stone was removed and tonsillectomy was performed. We reviewed the literature on this rare clinical entity and found ...
Pucevich Brian - - 2008
Primary cutaneous ductal apocrine adenocarcinoma (PCDAA) is a rare malignant cutaneous neoplasm usually arising in areas of high apocrine gland density. There have been a total of 40 cases of primary apocrine adenocarcinoma reported in the literature; many are indolent and slowly- developing, but some are rapidly progressive. Primary cutaneous ...
Nappi Luigi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Giant myomas of the uterus are uncommon, particularly in developed countries. CASE: This report illustrates a case of a woman with a bilobated giant myoma of the uterus weighed in total 27.7 kg. The patient had an abdominal distension first noted 18 months before and the personal history evidenced ...
Guiou M - - 2008
Primary clear cell adenocarcinoma of the rectovaginal septum is rare and typically emerges in the setting of endometriosis. We report a case of a 52-year-old woman with clear cell adenocarcinoma of the rectovaginal septum presenting with vaginal hemorrhage. Management with concurrent chemoradiation with cisplatin and paclitaxel is discussed. Six years ...
Cathro Helen P - - 2008
Three cases of cutaneous pseudosarcomatous polyp, a lesion recently described in the dermatopathology literature, are reported here. These benign proliferations display dramatic cytologic pleomorphism, but despite their disquieting morphological features, they have behaved in a benign fashion to date. All 3 lesions in this study were clinically innocuous, with 1 ...
van der Horst C - - 2008
Squamous differentiation in endometrial adenocarcinoma is common. Rarely, it may be complicated by peritoneal keratin granulomas. Keratin granulomas accompanied by viable adenocarcinoma cells are regarded as conventional metastatic foci. However, the significance of keratin granulomas without accompanying viable adenocarcinoma cells is difficult to ascertain. Only a small number of cases ...
Hanayama Hiromi - - 2007
There have been few reports about the characteristics of the pigmentary arrangement of congenital melanocytic nevi (CMN) and nevus spilus (NS). Though the lines of Blaschko, which don't correspond to other lines such as Langer's lines and skin dermatomes, are well known to be followed by some rare pigmentary disorders, ...
Lin Yu-Ju - - 2007
Central giant cell granuloma is a relatively uncommon benign bony lesion of a variably aggressive nature. This paper presents the case of a 7-year-old boy with central giant cell granuloma in the anterior mandible. In children with mixed dentition, a pathologic lesion could be the underlying cause of regular tooth ...
Sarda D - - 2007
Cherubism is a benign disease of bones affecting the jaws and giving a characteristic cherubic appearance to the patient. On radiography, the lesions exhibit bilateral multilocular radiolucent areas. Histopathology shows numerous multinucleated giant cells in the background of proliferating fibrous connective tissue. Cherubism can be a solitary case. The present ...
Somorai Marta - - 2007
Juvenile Xanthogranuloma (JXG) is a dendritic cell related histiocytic disorder which usually presents in the first year of life as a solitary cutaneous granuloma. Isolated presentation in the upper airway is very rare but can result in severe respiratory distress, especially in young children. We present the case of a ...
Raja Mohan K - - 2007
We report on an extremely rare case of giant cell arteritis (GCA) presenting without elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate or C-reactive protein level, with aortic root involvement, and in the absence of typical clinical findings. The clinical signs and symptoms as well as the laboratory investigations involved in the diagnosis of ...
Dhillon Mandeep
Multicentric giant cell tumour (GCT) is extremely rare; no case has been previously reported where two lesions occurred in the same foot at different sites. We report a case involving the calcaneus and subsequently the 3<sup> rd</sup> toe of the same foot and review the reported literature. In established cases ...
Shinohara Eric T - - 2007
Adenocarcinoma of the esophagus has increased dramatically within the United States and continues to have a poor prognosis despite aggressive treatment. Identifying potential risk factors is critical for the early detection and treatment of this disease. The present case report describes a very young woman who developed adenocarcinoma of the ...
Gangwani Vinod - - 2007
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disease with clonal proliferation of dendritic histiocytes forming a pseudotumoral growth. LCH occurs most frequently in infancy or early childhood. It can present either as a localized self-limiting form or as a diffuse form with multisystem involvement. Herein an unusual case of LCH ...
Salemis Nikolaos S - - 2007
Umbilical metastasis (Sister Mary Joseph's nodule) is a rare occurrence and indicates, in most of the patients, an advanced intraabdominal malignancy. It may be the first sign of an underlying adenocarcinoma, originating mainly from the gastrointestinal or genitourinary tract. An extremely rare case of a Sister Mary Joseph's nodule is ...
Kaya Ahmet - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Metastasis to bone from endometrial adenocarcinoma is rare, when metastasises it usually locates in axial skeleton. Metastasis to extremities is extremely rare. Additionally the detection of the bone metastasis as a presenting feature is uncommon. In the present study we report the 10th cases of bone metastasis in the ...
Yasuda Masanori - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In prostatic adenocarcinomas (PAs), the androgen up-regulates hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1 alpha). It has been reported that the regulation of HIF-1 alpha would become a therapeutic strategy for PAs. This study was designed to elucidate whether or not HIF-1 alpha expression would be associated with PA recurrence after ...
Muñoz-Santos Carlos - - 2007
Multicentric reticulohistiocytosis is a rare disorder of unknown etiology, characterized by skin and mucosal papulonodular eruptions and destructive polyarthritis. Histopathological study of these lesions shows a nodular infiltrate composed of histiocytes and multinucleated giant cells, with an eosinophilic, granular, 'ground-glass' cytoplasm. We report a case of multicentric reticulohistiocytosis with skin ...
Stewart Jimmie J - - 2006
The incidence of adenocarcinoma of the cervix is increasing within the US, but this diagnostic category is not typically associated with teenaged patients. A report on a case of a 19-year-old woman, with no history of diethylbestrol exposure in uteri, diagnosed with clear-cell endocervical adenocarcinoma is made. Malignant glandular cells ...
Ruggeri Francesco - - 2006
The authors present a case of pseudoglandular schwannoma with immunohistochemical findings consistent with epithelial metaplasia. Pseudoglandular schwannoma is a rare morphological variant of benign schwannoma characterized by the presence of glandlike structures lined with Schwann cells. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is only the fifth case of ...
Spray David C - - 2006
"Hemichannels" are defined as the halves of gap junction channels (also termed connexons) that are contributed by one cell; "hemichannels" are considered to be functional if they are open in nonjunctional membranes in the absence of pairing with partners from adjacent cells. Several recent reviews have summarized the blossoming literature ...
Iupati Douglas - - 2006
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a very rare disorder, and usually considered a disease of childhood. The adult form of LCH is even rare, and in some case may be considered to represent delayed presentation of a pathologic process beginning in childhood. This case report highlights the range of presentations ...
Durkin Shane R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of giant cell arteritis (GCA) in the setting of polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is not uncommon. It is imperative to recognise the symptoms and signs of GCA in this setting as the treatment of PMR with low dose corticosteroids will not protect the patient against the blinding consequences ...
Hait Elizabeth - - 2006
Digestive tract involvement in Langerhans cell histiocytosis is exceedingly rare. We report a case of Langerhans cell histiocytosis in an otherwise thriving neonate presenting with hematochezia, anemia, and rash. We also review the few cases of Langerhans cell histiocytosis with gastrointestinal involvement reported in the English-language medical literature. Although gastrointestinal ...
Bablekos George D - - 2006
Pericardial effusion has been known to be a rare manifestation of giant cell arteritis. During the last six decades, only 24 cases have been cited in the literature. In this report, we describe the case of a patient presenting with nonspecific symptoms and development of pericardial effusion. A 71-year-old woman ...
Tavora Fabio - - 2006
The image of tree-barking and proximal aortic root dilatation is firmly entrenched in the minds of practising pathologists as representing syphilis until proven otherwise. We discuss the differential diagnosis of syphilitic aortitis, Takayasu's disease, and giant cell aortitis, with a review of the literature and brief overview of other types ...
Fanning Rebecca - - 2006
We report on the perioperative management of anesthesia and analgesia in a child with sickle cell disease and a congenital myopathy, presenting for corrective orthopedic surgery. The case illustrates two valuable points of interest: the many benefits of regional anesthesia in complex medical cases and the successful use of tourniquets ...
Mutinelli Franco - - 2006
A case of unilateral seminoma with visceral metastases in a Mallard duck (Anas platyrhynchos) is reported. The right testis was markedly enlarged. The liver surface showed multifocal to coalescent regular circular umbilicated greyish-white spots. In addition, multiple rough whitish nodules were evident on the pancreas and the visceral peritoneum lining ...
Emerson Robert E - - 2006
Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN) have been considered difficult to diagnose by fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology. We identified 57 cases diagnosed as IPMN or consistent with IPMN by endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided FNA over a 9-yr period. Histologic follow-up was available for 20 patients (35%). Pancreatic neoplasia was demonstrated in 18 ...
Caruso R A - - 2006
A case of hepatoid adenocarcinoma of the stomach is presented. The characteristic features of the tumor are summarized on the basis of the authors' experience and the literature. Ultrastructural examination revealed patchy condensations of chromatin throughout the nucleus suggestive of necrosis-like programmed cell death (PCD). These nuclear alterations were associated ...
Mehrotra PrateekK, Ramachandran CS, ...
Inflammatory liposarcoma is a rare variant of a well-differentiated liposarcoma (WDLPS). We present a case of a 37 years old male who had a giant variety of this inflammatory WDLPS. CT scan revealed a large abdomino-pelvic mass abutting the left kidney and pushing the IVC, Aorta and the left ureter ...
Punia Rajpal Singh - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare proliferative disorder of histiocytes characterized by a proliferation of abnormal and clonal Langerhans cells. We retrospectively studied clinicopathologic features of this disorder in five cases. METHODS: Clinical and histopathological findings of five cases of cutaneous LCH were reviewed based on ...
Mahdavi Ali - - 2006
Vaginal clear cell adenocarcinoma arising from pelvic endometriosis has not been reported in the literature. We report a case of a 50-year-old woman with stage I clear cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina who was found to have endometriosis adjacent to the vaginal tumor. She was treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiation, laparoscopically ...
Uribe-Uribe Norma Ofelia - - 2006
Tubular casts are found in a variety of conditions. Ultrastructural evaluation of casts has not been critically and systematically performed to define its usefulness. A total of 157 renal biopsies routinely processed for light microscopy (LM), immunofluorescence (IF), and electron microscopy (EM) were subjected to blind ultrastructural evaluation. The majority ...
Norimatsu Yoshiaki - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Because cellular atypia is often limited in endometrial hyperplasia and well-differentiated endometrial adenocarcinoma (WHO Grade 1 adenocarcinoma), diagnostic criteria for endometrial cytology have not been fully established. New diagnostic criteria based on the composition and architecture of tissue fragments (cytoarchitecture) in the smears were used in the present study. ...
Fukai Kazuyoshi - - 2006
Reticulated acanthoma with sebaceous differentiation (RASD) is characterized by the reticulated proliferation of spinous cells with aggregates of mature sebocytes in the bases of the strands of the keratinocytes, often linking rete ridges. Here, we report the first case reported as RASD. A 55-year-old woman presented with a 15-year history ...
Gao Zhenqiang - - 2006
One variant of thymic carcinoid has prominent mucinous stroma first reported in 1995. We describe such a case characterized by abundant stromal mucin resulting in a histologic picture resembling of metastatic mucinous adenocarcinoma. This variant seems to behave in an aggressive fashion and should be under the differential diagnoses of ...
Graf Michaela - - 2006
There is evidence to suggest, that cellular adhesion molecules and receptors could play a role in leukemia, e.g., through altered adhesive qualities of leukemic blasts. We have studied the expression of the beta2-integrin Mac-1 (CD11b) on mononuclear cells in 48 patients with AML at first diagnosis by flow cytometry using ...
Mathew Mary - - 2006
Benign mucinous metaplasia of the prepuce is a rare and under recognized entity which can easily be mistaken for extramammary Paget's disease. It is characterized by the presence of benign mucin containing cells in the squamous epithelium. To the best of our knowledge only 6 such cases have been documented ...
McKillop Elisabeth - - 2006
A 69-year-old male presented with bilateral blurred vision, left periocular pain, and headache. Ocular examination revealed a right optic neuropathy and left anterior segment ischaemia. An elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) raised suspicion of giant cell arteritis (GCA), which was confirmed by temporal artery biopsy. Treatment ...
Pernas Francisco G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the role of laryngotracheal reconstruction (LTR) in granular cell tumor (GCT) and to highlight the importance and seriousness of GCT in pediatric airway cases. METHODS: A historical literature review was performed and a GCT case from the University of Miami Pediatric Otolaryngology Clinic is presented to highlight ...
McCluggage W Glenn - - 2006
Prostatic tissue has rarely been described in the lower female genital tract. We describe 6 cases of ectopic prostatic tissue: 5 involving the cervix and 1 the vagina. The latter is the first reported example of benign prostatic tissue in the vagina. The age of the patients ranged from 21 ...
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