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Omarini Claudia C Department of Medicine, Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Fulham Road, Chelsea, London, SW3 6JJ, UK, - - 2014
To review the available published data regarding the incidence, mechanisms of pathogenesis, clinical presentations and management of pneumonitis caused by anti-cancer treatments (radiotherapy (RT) and systemic agents) that are included in the guidelines of the treatment of breast cancer (BC) and address the issues on the current grading classification of ...
Al-Yahya Abdulmalak A Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Tel: +966 50 416 9769; e-mail: - - 2014
Osteosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor of the maxilla. Although clear surgical margin is the only predictor for the prognosis of the disease, neoadjuvent chemotherapy showed a reasonable effect on the tumor with variable degree of necrosis. In this article, we report two cases where neoadjuvent chemotherapy was used with ...
De Greve Tom T Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, AZ Sint-Jan Hospital, Ruddershove 10, 8000 Bruges, - - 2014
Rare cervical cancers are responsible for a minority of cases encountered by a clinician. However, behavioral patterns, management, and prognosis of certain rare cervical cancers differ from either squamous carcinomas or adenocarcinomas. Here we present a case of a locally advanced cervical tumor as a presentation of an extranodal cervical ...
Rosen Alyx C - - 2013
The incidences of life-threatening toxicities such as Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are inconsistently reported. The potential association of anticancer agents with SJS or TEN has not been systematically investigated. We searched the literature (Ovid: 1950 to June 2013 and PubMed: 1948 to June 2013) using terms ...
Gilla Rupinder Kaur - - 2013
The [1,4]-benzodiazepine is an important class of heterocyclic compounds and clinically used for many ailments in humans. The [1,4]-benzodiazepine has unique structure that mimics the peptide linkage. This interesting observation completely shifted the interest of medicinal chemist for [1,4]-benzodiazepine from CNS acting drugs to anticancer agent. During last few decades, ...
Byun Seung Won - - 2013
Cardiac metastasis from known cervical cancer is rare. Even through a routine check-up, this type of metastasis can present as pulmonary emboli. Suspicion of this diagnosis in an oncology patient with complicating pulmonary emboli but no evidence of deep vein thrombosis is important, especially in cervical cancer patients with extensive ...
Al-Tonbary Youssef - - 2013
Colon cancer is extremely rare in children. This article reports three cases of adenocarcinoma of the colon. A 12-year-old boy, a 13-year-old boy, and a 13-year-old girl presented with constipation and abdominal enlargement over a two-month duration. Abdominal ultrasound and barium enema confirmed a stenotic segment at the rectum with ...
Economopoulou Panagiota - - 2013
Herein, we report an unusual case of a 78-year-old woman with synchronous presentation of sigmoid cancer and a nonfunctioning primary adrenal cortex carcinoma, who developed superior vena cava syndrome due to metastatic lymphadenopathy from the latter malignancy. Our case suggests that adrenal incidentalomas during initial staging evaluation after cancer diagnosis ...
Majumder Shounak - - 2013
"Hepatoid" cancer refers to an extrahepatic neoplasm with hepatocellular differentiation. The stomach is the most common site and pancreatic origin is distinctly uncommon. We describe a patient with hepatoid pancreatic tumor who presented with inoperable metastatic disease. Serum levels or tissue staining with alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) may not be a reliable ...
Ao Rui - - 2013
Synchronous multiple primary cancers are relatively uncommon and synchronous multiple cancers in coexistence with dermatomyositis (DM) are extremely rare. In the present study, we report a case of a 64-year-old male with nasopharyngeal undifferentiated non-keratinizing carcinoma and cardia adenocarcinoma which were diagnosed synchronously. In addition, suspected DM was diagnosed during ...
Kim Dong Chan - - 2012
Killian-Jamieson diverticulum is a rare diverticular disease. This disease differs from Zenker's diverticulum in its location and mechanism. Various treatment modality have been attempted, but traditional surgical treatment has been recommended for a symptomatic Killian-Jamieson diverticulum due to the concern of possible nerve injury. We performed surgical treatment by cervical ...
Alradwan Hussain - - 2012
PURPOSE: A systematic review was conducted to identify, assess, and summarize the available evidence pertaining to surgical intervention for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) in athletes. Summary estimates of treatment effect (proportion with 95% confidence interval [CI]) were calculated specifically for the rate of return to sport. METHODS: Electronic databases (Medline, Embase, ...
Sharpe Emerson E EE - - 2012
The presented cases detail percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation of multiple giant hepatic hemangiomas in two patients who presented with right upper-quadrant pain and fullness and chose not to undergo surgical resection. Treatment of two hemangiomas per patient, 7 cm and 6 cm in one and 9 cm and 2 cm ...
Beier Ulrike Stephanie - - 2012
This case report presents the surgical and restorative management of a fused supernumerary left lateral incisor. The diagnosis was confirmed using conventional radiographs and CT. The case report discusses the value of CT for evaluation of the root relationships and describes the varied morphology associated with supernumerary incisors, the surgical ...
Meyer Mark - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The surgical management of celiac artery compression syndrome (CACS) is controversial. Controversies include the appropriate surgical technique, the surgical approach, and the utility of postoperative stents. The literature is reviewed, and a case of CACS is presented in which a robotic-assisted division of the median arcuate ligament (MAL) was ...
Hynes Sean O - - 2012
  Macromastia and in particular unilateral macromastia is a rare clinical entity. It relates to massive enlargement of the breast in non-obese women. This case report describes an initially mild unilateral asymmetry occurring nine months postpartum in a 33-year-old female. However, following her second pregnancy within 12 months, her left breast ...
Calò Pietro Giorgio - - 2012
Endometriosis involving the rectus abdominis muscle is very rare; until now, only 19 such cases have been reported in the medical literature since it was first described in 1984 by Amato and Levitt; almost all were associated with previous abdominal surgery such as cesarean section or other operations. We report ...
Auslender Jacques - - 2012
Tetralogy of Fallot is the most frequent cyanotic congenital heart disease. Usually, the condition is diagnosed and treated during the first year of life. Few reports of uncorrected tetralogy of Fallot reaching adulthood are found in the literature. Occasionally the pulmonary obstruction is relatively mild and the presentation is with ...
Peran Teruel Miguel - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We report a case of supernumerary testis, a rare anomaly with only around 100 cases reported in the literature. METHODS: We describe the case of a 26-year-old man who consulted for a left paratesticular tumor. Physical examination and ultrasound showed a 2-cm nodular lesion over the left epididymis. The ...
Herman Richard S - - 2012
This article reviews the current status of anorectal malformations in the neonate. It begins by discussing the history, epidemiology, and embryology, followed by a discussion of the genetic process causing these diseases. Diagnosis and workup is then discussed, followed by specific details of the surgical treatment of these malformations. The ...
Gressot L V - - 2012
Simultaneous hemifacial spasm (HFS) and trigeminal neuralgia caused by cranial nerve (CN) compression from a tortuous basilar artery (BA) is very rare. We report a case of a 66-year-old man who presented with both HFS and "atypical" trigeminal neuralgia. The patient had a tortuous BA compressing both CN V and ...
Villegas Miguel O - - 2012
We report a rare case of a tuberculous mycotic aortoiliac pseudoaneurysm treated with an endovascular procedure and follow-up of 36 months. The patient was a white 72-year-old man with pulmonary tuberculosis and a former smoker with hypertension, chronic renal failure, and dyslipidemia. A computed tomographic scan of the abdomen and pelvis ...
Sia K J - - 2012
Objective:To discuss the pathophysiology and various treatment methods of multiple symmetrical lipomatosis.Case report:We report a case of multiple symmetrical lipomatosis in a middle-aged man. He presented to us with an extensive, disfiguring neck mass. Clinical examination and computed tomography suggested a lipomatous mass without compression of vital neck structures. The ...
Nakano Takayuki - - 2012
Localized malignant pleural mesothelioma (LMPM) is a rare tumor; previously only 52 cases have been reported in the English literature. This type of tumor should be distinguished from diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma, because a good outcome may be obtained by surgical resection. We report a case of LMPM which grew ...
Boffano Paolo - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study aimed to analyze and discuss the demographic, clinical, and surgical aspects of 53 surgically treated odontomas and to review the literature. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on all cases of treated odontomas in our center. A review of the recent literature about demographic aspects ...
Sözen Selim - - 2012
Intestinal malrotation is a developmental anomaly of the midgut in which the normal fetal rotation of intestines around the superior mesenteric artery and their fixation in the peritoneal cavity fail. Rotational anomalies of the midgut are rare in adults. Operative intervention is required generally when they are symptomatic. While difficult ...
Scorsetti Marta - - 2012
Meningioma is a common primary brain tumor in adults. The treatment approach depends on its grade, size and symptoms. The case reported here was a repeatedly recurring transitional meningioma, previously treated with several surgical procedures and two sessions of cranial radiosurgery. At the time of last relapse, temozolomide was administered ...
Ogaya Piniés Gabriel - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Literature review of adenocarcinoma of the urachus in connection with two cases recently diagnosed and treated in our center. METHODS/RESULTS: We report 2 cases of urachus Adenocarcinoma treated in our institution, both underwent extended partial cystectomy including excision of the urachus up to the umbilicus. CONCLUSION: Urachal adenocarcinoma is ...
Pérez-Bovet Jordi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Decompressive craniectomy (DC) has been sporadically used in cases of infectious encephalitis with brain herniation. Like for other indications of DC, evidence is lacking regarding the beneficial or detrimental effects for this pathology. METHODS: We reviewed all the cases of viral and bacterial encephalitis treated with decompressive craniectomy reported ...
Saito Katsuya - - 2012
Of the transsellar transsphenoidal meningoencephaloceles (TTSMEs), the true type presents with the hernial sac extending from the intracranium to the epipharynx through the sellar floor. The true type is the most serious and difficult to manage, especially when the hernial sac contains vital structures, such as the anterior cerebral artery, ...
Adeeb Nimer - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The dura mater is important to the clinician as a barrier to the internal environment of the brain, and surgically, its anatomy should be well known to the neurosurgeon and clinician who interpret imaging. METHODS: The medical literature was reviewed in regard to the morphology and embryology of specifically, ...
Xiang Junxi - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare low-grade malignant mesenchymal tumor, which can occur at any location, although the lung is the most commonly affected organ. It is extremely rare in the duodenum and only two cases have been reported previously. We report, to our knowledge, the first case ...
Toozs-Hobson Philip - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Standardized terminology has yet to be developed for reporting the outcomes for surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP). METHODS: This report combines the input of the Terminology and Standardization Committees of the International Urogynecological Association (IUGA) and the International Continence Society (ICS) and a joint Working Group ...
Toozs-Hobson Philip - - 2012
Standardized terminology has yet to be developed for reporting the outcomes for surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP). This report combines the input of the Terminology and Standardization Committees of the International Urogynecological Association (IUGA) and the International Continence Society (ICS) and a joint Working Group on this topic, as ...
Carpenter Christina P - - 2012
Reconstruction of large urethral defects is a complex problem for which no standardized surgical guidelines exist due to the lack of clinical trials demonstrating definitively the superiority of one technique over another. AlloDerm has been used in other surgical specialties with success, however, its utility in urologic surgery and, more ...
Kniemeyer H W - - 2012
Spontaneous recanalization of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is rarely observed. Mainly case reports are published. Most often early recanalization occurs within days or weeks and only a few cases of late recanalization months or years after detected occlusion are reported. Symptomatic bilateral ICA occlusion is regarded as an acceptable ...
Mendiola Ramírez Karla - - 2012
Takayasu's arteritis (TA), also known as "pulseless disease", is the third most common vasculitis in childhood. It is a chronic, idiopathic, granulomatous vasculitis that involves large vessels. It occurs most commonly in females with a 4:1 ratio over males; the average age of appearance is 26 years. Its cause is ...
Walgama Evan - - 2012
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Surgical management of frontal sinus (FS) inverted papilloma (IP) remains a significant challenge. This study systematically reviews the FS IP literature to delineate outcomes based on surgical strategy. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: Cases for inclusion were identified by literature query for the terms frontal sinus and inverted papilloma ...
Mohindra Sandeep - - 2012
Spinal intramedullary ependymomas often harbor clinically asymptomatic intratumoral bleeds. Such tumors presenting with apoplectic events have not been described in the literature. The authors report on a 2-year-old female who presented with sudden loss of sensorimotor functions below the thoracic spine as a consequence of hemorrhage within an intramedullary ependymoma. ...
Nisa Lluís - - 2012
Pott's puffy tumor (PPT) is a frontal subperiosteal abscess associated with underlying frontal bone osteomyelitis. It represents a well-known source of sinogenic intracranial infection, but the orbital complications related to this entity are rarely reported. The goal of this study was to characterize the orbital involvement in PPT. We performed ...
Obert Lisa - - 2012
The Nuss procedure is a surgical repair technique for pectus excavatum with fewer delayed complications reported in the current literature. We report the case of a 23-year-old male who presented after a syncopal episode during activity. Further evaluation demonstrated a fibrous band causing severe right ventricle outflow obstruction from a ...
Mátrai Zoltán - - 2012
Primary intra-thoracic desmoids are exceedingly rare borderline tumors, with 34 reported cases in the English-language literature. The characteristic localized infiltrative growth and the high rate of recurrence can result in life-threatening conditions. Radical surgical resection is considered to be the primary treatment. Achieving negative surgical margins is a challenge. Cases ...
Agrawal Mayank - - 2012
Muscle abscess presenting as nerve palsy is rare and has not been previously reported in the common peroneal nerve (CPN). The objective of this case report is to describe the diagnosis and treatment of an uncommon presentation of peroneal abscess in the leg of an otherwise healthy man. We present ...
Ahmadi Sebastian A - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) describes a heterogeneous group of indolent B-cell lymphomas. The World Health Organization recognizes 3 types of MZLs: splenic MZL (SMZL), nodal MZL (NMZL) and extranodal MZL of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT). There is no consensus on the optimal adjuvant treatment modalities for intracranial ...
Sista Federico - - 2012
We focus on the diagnostic and therapeutic problems of duodenal adenocarcinoma, reporting a case and reviewing the literature. A 65-year old man with adenocarcinoma in the third duodenal portion was successfully treated with a segmental resection of the third part of the duodenum, avoiding a duodeno-cephalo-pancreatectomy. This tumor is very ...
Khan Muhammad R - - 2012
Sigmoid volvulus is a rare surgical complication occurring in pregnancy and puerperium. Only 84 cases of sigmoid volvulus in pregnancy have been reported in the English literature so far. We have reviewed the available literature on this subject and present another case recently managed at our institution. The available literature ...
Tela Usman M - - 2012
Idiopathic scrotal calcinosis is an uncommon benign disorder of the scrotal skin which is characterized by multiple calcified intradermal nodules. We report a 33-year old with asymptomatic multiple calcified scrotal skin nodules. He had wide excision of the lesions and direct closure of the scrotum. We review the pathogenesis and ...
Singal Rikki - - 2012
Appendicular inflammation can present as a discharging fistula on the abdominal wall. We are reporting a rare case of appendico - cutaneous fistula presenting as a large wound over the right iliac region. A 60 year old female reported to the emergency with a large wound and slough on right ...
Green B R - - 2012
Mesenteric fat necrosis causing bowel obstruction is a rare occurrence with only one case reported in humans. It is due to accidental or surgical trauma to the adipose tissue with extracellular liberation of fat or enzymatic lysis of fat due to the release of lipases resulting in fibrosis. Preoperative imaging ...
Conley Alexandria - - 2012
Myelolipomas are rare benign lesions composed of mature adipose tissue and immature hematopoetic cells. The adrenal gland is the most common location for these lesions, but cases of extra-adrenal myelolipomas have been described. The predominant location for extra-adrenal myelolipomas is the retroperitoneum, and very few reported cases describe these lesions ...
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