Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 280
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Ostlere L S - - 1993
A 1-year-old boy developed bullous pemphigoid. Immunoblotting, which has not been previously reported in childhood pemphigoid, showed the serum reacted to a 190 kDa band only. Bullous pemphigoid is rare in infancy and childhood with only 40 cases previously reported. A brief review of the literature is given and treatment ...
Török L - - 1993
A case of Waldenström's macroglobulinaemia presenting with non-specific dermatological symptoms (cold urticaria and cold purpura) is described in a 37-year-old female patient. Progressive telangiectasia and spider naevi were also observed. Involvement of the skin may be explained by the presence of macroglobulins with cryoprotein-like qualities. This facilitated an early diagnosis.
Tait R C - - 1993
Five cases are reported of spontaneous remission of chronic childhood thrombocytopenia four or more years after diagnosis. Other than typical features of chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura there were no obvious markers predictive of late remission, although a slow progressive recovery was common to four of the patients. In light of ...
Okura M - - 1993
A Japanese female case of transient global amnesia (TGA), who developed an amnesic episode after sexual intercourse, is reported. The mechanism of how TGA in the present case is precipitated by sexual intercourse could be explained by the elevated blood pressure during sexual intercourse that drops rapidly, causing a temporal ...
Mascaro G - - 1993
The clinical, laboratory and instrumental data of a patient with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) are reported in detail, with reference to an articulated therapeutic regimen including plasma exchange, high-dose methylprednisolone and dipiridamole. Particular emphasis is placed on the dramatic improvement obtained with this treatment despite a very delayed diagnosis and ...
Kuo M - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To report the case of a patient who developed nonthrombocytopenic purpura sequentially following the administration of nifedipine and diltiazem. DATA SOURCES: Case reports, MEDLINE review of pertinent literature, and review of relevant studies. DATA EXTRACTION: Data were extracted from direct patient observation and review of laboratory studies and published ...
Adachi A - - 1992
BACKGROUND: The differentiation between linear IgA bullous dermatosis (LABD) and bullous pemphigoid (BP) is sometimes difficult in patients who have both IgA and IgG deposition in a linear pattern at the basement membrane zone. OBJECTIVE: We address whether two cases of acquired subepidermal blistering disease with coexistence of IgA and ...
Davidson A E - - 1992
Urticaria and angioedema are commonly seen in the outpatient setting. Their pathogenesis involves complex cellular and humoral factors. Diagnosis depends on historical information such as duration of symptoms, exacerbating factors, and atopy. While many etiologic factors have been implicated, in most chronic cases no specific etiology is found. This article ...
Olson J C - - 1992
Henoch-Schönlein purpura is a common vasculitic syndrome of childhood. Pulmonary hemorrhage is a rare complication, which resulted in death in three of four previously reported cases. We report concerning four additional patients with Henoch-Schönlein purpura and pulmonary hemorrhage. Three survived the episode. Aggressive and supportive care may improve survival.
Shaw R D - - 1992
Leptospirosis is a common zoonosis present throughout Missouri. Previously regarded as an occupational illness of farmers and sewer workers, it is now primarily acquired from exposure to water polluted with the bacteria Leptospira. We present a case report of leptospirosis acquired through kayaking and review both the disease and the ...
Rodeghiero F - - 1992
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Splenectomy is still a mainstay in the treatment of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Although the risk of fulminant sepsis after splenectomy in children and in adults has been known for a long time, the true prevalence of fulminant sepsis in adults splenectomized for ITP has still not ...
Simeon-Aznar C P - - 1992
The case of a patient admitted with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura nine years after developing systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is reported. Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura associated with SLE has been described on other occasions, but in most patients the diagnosis of SLE precedes that of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. The unusual sequence and ...
Yadav Y R - - 1992
Cranial chordomas are extremely rare in childhood with only 25 cases having been reported in the first decade of life. A 6-year-old female child with cranial chordoma is reported. Literature on the subject is reviewed, with special reference to the management, histopathological features and prognosis in childhood chordomas as compared ...
Michelson A D - - 1991
Few chemicals in the environment have been implicated as causes of isolated thrombocytopenia, and the evidence is usually less than convincing because the patients were not rechallenged with the chemical in vivo. In the present paper, a child is reported with the onset of thrombocytopenia in temporal association with environmental ...
Tardy B - - 1991
The use of prostacyclin infusion in thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is consistent with the hypothesis that patients may lack a plasma factor stimulating prostacyclin production. However, prostacyclin therapy, alone or in combination with aspirin, dipyridamole, steroid and plasmapheresis, failed in many cases. We here describe the case of a patient who ...
Baldree L A - - 1991
We report a case of pauci-immune, necrotizing and crescentic glomerulonephritis in a 10-year-old child initially thought to have Henoch-Schönlein purpura. The diagnosis of a Wegener's granulomatosis-microscopic polyarteritis disorder was made on the basis of clinical presentation and a positive anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA). This case illustrates the usefulness of the ...
Koitabashi Y - - 1991
Six cases of malignancy-associated thrombotic microangiopathy and eight cases of idiopathic microangiopathy have been studied by renal biopsy. All patients of both groups had mild to severe renal impairment and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia. The renal lesions were histopathologically identical in the two groups. The most characteristic abnormalities were glomerular mesangiolysis ...
Krupsky M - - 1991
The association between thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) and autoimmune hematological conditions is reported in 2 patients. In a 35-year-old man, acute autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) was diagnosed in 1960; until 1965 he was free of disease, when he abruptly developed TTP and failed to respond to blood transfusions and corticosteroids. ...
Little K J - - 1991
Henoch-Schonlein purpura is a clinical diagnosis, based on a presentation including rash, arthralgia/arthritis, and abdominal pain, often with renal complications. A rare complication is intussusception, presumably initiated by an edematous vasculitic leading point in the small bowel's mucosal surface. A case is described involving a 3-year-old male, with a brief ...
Akosa A B - - 1989
This report describes two cases of Henoch-Schönlein purpura with unusual lymph node pathology. The patients presented with severe colicky abdominal pain mimicking acute appendicitis but a normal appendix was removed in each case. Enlarged mesenteric lymph nodes were removed, with a clinical suspicion of Yersinia infection. Cultures and serology were ...
Tosti A - - 1989
The case of a 20-year-old girl who had morphea with bullous lesions is reported. Two bullae appeared on an indurated patch of morphea on the right side of the trunk. A half-moon-shaped lesion was localized along the superior border of the patch and the other followed the anterior border and ...
Ostroff S M SM Division of Field Services, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, Ga - - 1989
In 1987, Washington became the first state to require that infection with Escherichia coli serotype O157:H7 be reported. In the first year of surveillance, 93 cases were reported, yielding an annual incidence of 2.1 cases per 100,000 population. The median age of case patients was 14 years (range, 11 months ...
Fields S M - - 1989
Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is a serious toxicity associated with a small number of antineoplastic agents. A case report of a patient with probable cisplatin and bleomycin-induced TMA is presented. The basic triad of symptoms that occurs in the TMA syndrome include microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and renal impairment. Cardiovascular, pulmonary, ...
Rasmus K T - - 1989
Charts from 2929 consecutive parturients were reviewed. Twenty-four had platelet counts less than 100,000/microL in the peripartum period. Seventeen of the 24 had predisposing causes for thrombocytopenia, including preeclampsia (nine), immune thrombocytopenia purpura (two), infection (three), placenta accreta (one), abruption (one), and excessive surgical bleeding (one). Seven had asymptomatic thrombocytopenia ...
Frederich M - - 1989
An association between bullous pemphigoid and internal malignant neoplasms has been reported by many authors, primarily in case report formats. Stone and Schroeter, however, compared cases of bullous pemphigoid with age and sex-matched control patients with contact dermatitis and psoriasis and found no evidence of an increased association between malignant ...
Greenberger P A - - 1988
ABPA is more common than was once suspected, while it remains likely that ABPF is rare. The spectrum of ABPA ranges from mild asthma to end-stage fibrotic lung disease. The episodes of chest roentgenographic infiltrates may be associated with little symptomatology and their detection is made by serial measurement of ...
Braddock S W - - 1988
A case of reticular erythematous mucinosis associated with chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and circulating immune complexes is described. We compare reticular erythematous mucinosis with the similar plaquelike cutaneous mucinosis. We discuss the apparent photosensitivity of reticular erythematous mucinosis and its possible relationship with altered states of immune function such as ...
Martini A - - 1988
Hypergammaglobulinemic purpura is a rare syndrome characterized by long-standing recurrent purpura of the lower limbs, polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia, increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate and high titer rheumatoid factor positivity. The syndrome can occur isolated or in association with a systemic disease. Few cases have been described in childhood. We report two cases ...
Elliott C - - 1988
It is hoped that recently released low osmolality radiocontrast agents (RCAs) will have a lower nephrotoxic potential, since dye nephropathy may be related to hyperosmolality. We report here 2 cases of typical oliguric dye nephropathy in patients without risk factors for dye nephropathy. These cases show that these new agents ...
Gürses N - - 1988
The cases of seven patients between the ages of seven days and three years with purpura fulminans have been reviewed. Causative agents in these new-borns were Escherichia coli, Enterobacter, and Staphylococcus; in older children they were varicella and E. coli. The clinical findings, medical and surgical interventions, and outcomes of ...
Awerbuch G - - 1987
Intracranial haemorrhage (ICH), a rare complication of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), described only once previously in an adult, is usually fatal. We report a previously healthy 26 year old woman with chronic ITP in whom spontaneous ICH developed. The eventual favourable outcome in this case despite severe initial neurological deficit ...
Ross W K - - 1987
This case studies the clinical, laboratory, and pathologic findings observed in thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). Although TTP is a well-recognized syndrome, it is frequently undetected antemortem and represents a rare cause of sudden death. We recently were involved in a case of TTP in which an 18-year-old woman with no ...
de Villiers P C - - 1987
Simulium bite reaction is described; the lesions were present mainly on the lower legs as palpable purpura, which persisted for 2 weeks with marked oedema and considerable discomfort. Simuliids are tiny bloodsucking flies, popularly known as blackflies or buffalo flies, belonging to the dipterous family Simuliidae. They occur world-wide, breed ...
Schwartz M L - - 1986
A new case of a preeclamptic who developed the diagnostic criteria for the hemolytic uremic syndrome and who was treated with plasmapheresis is presented. Fourteen case reports of gravidas with preeclampsia treated by exchange plasmapheresis with fresh frozen plasma for maternal indications are reviewed. Only four cases had been reported ...
Morrison D M - - 1986
Sporadic cases and occasional outbreaks of hemorrhagic colitis recently have been associated with the rare Escherichia coli serotype O157:H7, which is now recognized as an important identifiable cause of bloody diarrhea in patients in whom more common gut pathogens cannot be detected. The authors report such a case in a ...
Ellis J B - - 1986
A case of genital prolapse in a newborn infant is described and possible aetiological factors briefly reviewed. The need for early reduction is stressed.
Muller R - - 1986
Eighteen therapists-in-training working with outpatient transfer cases were interviewed by the author. Seven major factors which impacted upon the trainees' treatment of these cases were identified. Two case studies are presented to illustrate the interactive nature of these factors. The implications for supervision and future research are discussed.
Shu K H - - 1986
There have been a few reports suggesting the association between glomerulonephritis (GN) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS). The reported glomerulonephritides include IgA nephropathy, mesangial proliferative GN and membranous nephropathy. From January 1983, through December 1984, we observed 5 cases of GN among 116 cases of definite AS. Three of them were ...
van Joost T - - 1986
There are only a few reports of the association of immune-complex glomerulonephritis with bullous pemphigoid. The occurrence of immune-complex nephritis with linear IgA bullous disease has not been previously reported. We report two cases, one a case of bullous pemphigoid and the other a case of linear IgA bullous disease, ...
Bryan J A - - 1986
We report a case of mesangial glomerulonephropathy associated with decreased circulating C4 in a young man with recurrent microscopic hematuria and one null gene at the C4B locus. Mesangial deposits moderately reactive with anti-C4 and weakly reactive with anti-C3 and anti-IgA were found on renal biopsy. No evidence was found ...
Deaver J E - - 1986
We report a case of a sibling pair with neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenic purpura. Serial antepartum platelet alloantibody quantitation by an enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay revealed rising antibody titers during advancing gestation. We discuss the implications of this finding in the antepartum diagnosis of neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenic purpura, a rare, but frequently ...
Wilson B D - - 1985
Linear IgA bullous dermatosis (LABD) can mimic bullous pemphigoid (BP) and/or dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) both clinically and histologically. LABD, however, can be distinguished from BP and DH by direct immunofluorescent (IF) demonstration of linear IgA deposits along the basement membrane zone. A retrospective study of 234 cases of BP, 27 ...
Ferraccioli G F - - 1985
Two patients who developed thrombocytopenia while on Tiopronin and gold salts respectively were HLA typed. Their common haplotype was A25(10), B8, DR3. A survey of the literature showed that the association between DR3 and the sudden onset form of thrombocytopenia is striking. A genetic predisposition, besides other unknown factors, seems ...
Bovill E G - - 1985
We present the rare occurrence of an inhibitor of factor VIII procoagulant arising in a patient with mild haemophilia A and rheumatoid arthritis. The inhibitor was transient and behaved like a low titre, type II factor VIII procoagulant inhibitor similar to previously reported cases (Biggs et al, 1972b). In vitro ...
Belman A L - - 1985
Three patients developed prominent neurologic symptoms and signs associated with Schoenlein-Henoch purpura. A 7 1/2-year-old boy was seen with status epilepticus after a 2-week history of generalized headaches, irritability, and intermittent colicky abdominal pain. A left hemiparesis and a left homonymous hemianopia with a right gaze preference that were present ...
Noah M S - - 1985
Autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura associated with Kaposi's sarcoma in a 42-year-old male from the south of Saudi Arabia is reported. This association has not previously been reported in the medical literature. The occurrence of Kaposi's sarcoma in renal transplant recipients and in those suffering from acquired immune deficiency syndrome has been ...
Jacobs W A - - 1985
Acute thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a rare, usually fatal, disease characterized by widespread deposition of microvascular occlusive thrombi of platelets and fibrin. Although its exact etiology is unknown, numerous case reports in the medical literature have linked TTP with a variety of medical conditions, including systemic infections, vaccinations, pregnancy, ...
Quigley A J - - 1984
Buprenorphine is a powerful new analgesic agent with agonist and antagonist opiate receptor activity. Its withdrawal symptoms have been reported as being mild; however, its potential for abuse is not known. A case of buprenorphine abuse is reported, in which the patient's history and his response to naloxone suggest that ...
el Rifai M R - - 1984
Aetiological factors predisposing to cerebral palsy were investigated in 190 children with this condition seen in Riyadh , Saudi Arabia since January 1980. Ninety-four (49.5%) of the cases were natal in origin, 63 (33.1%) prenatal and 33 (17.4%) postnatal. Anoxia was the most common aetiological factor, accounting for 38 cases ...
Koster F T - - 1984
The hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) following dysentery caused by S. dysenteriae Type 1, characterized by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and acute renal insufficiency, is clinically similar but not identical to the idiopathic HUS. We studied renal necropsy specimens of nine children who died of HUS following shigellosis by light and immunofluorescent microscopy ...
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