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Results 401 - 450 of 754
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Mahajan J K - - 2003
Infants with anorectal anomaly have a high risk of having other congenital anomalies, but associated gastrointestinal tract anomalies are quite rare. Malrotation of gut is rarely associated with anorectal anomaly. We report two such cases of anorectal malformation with malrotation of gut. The high index of suspicion, diagnostic difficulty and ...
Pimpalwar Ashwin - - 2003
The authors report on a baby with imperforate anus associated with duplication of descending colon, double pouch colon type IV, duplication of the urinary bladder, and a bifid penis. The interesting presentation of this problem and its management is discussed with a brief review of the probable embryologic basis for ...
Gathwala Geeta - - 2003
Congenital anomalies involving the lobes of the liver are rare. Hypoplasia and agenesis occur more often in the left lobe. Agenesis of the right lobe is a rare anomaly with only about 42 cases reported in literature. In this communique we report one such case of agenesis of the right ...
Kairamkonda Venkatesh - - 2003
Tracheal bronchus (TB) associated with VACTERL has not been reported previously. A 5-month-old girl with VACTERL association was ventilator-dependent following surgical closure of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Chest radiographs showed persistent hyperinflation of the right upper lobe. Bronchoscopy showed a laterally displaced right main bronchus with stenosis and malacia ...
Appel Heiner - - 2003
Congenital absence of portal vein (CAPV) with a systemic shunt of enteric blood is a rare malformation. Twenty-seven cases have been reported to date; with the exception of 4 patients all cases had either liver anomalies or cardiac anomalies. CAPV is usually diagnosed before the age of 18 (25/27 cases). ...
Spector Seth A - - 2003
Cystadenomas are usually found in the extra-hepatic bile ducts in conjunction with multilocular cysts in the liver. Cystadenoma of the gallbladder itself is a rare finding, cited only once in the literature as the cause of extrinsic obstruction of the common bile duct (5). In this report, we describe the ...
Fatum Mohammad - - 2003
We present a case of a septate uterus with duplication of the cervix and a vaginal septum, which challenges the embryologic concept of unidirectional caudad to cephalad müllerian ducts fusion. This unique case is, to the best of our knowledge, the seventh reported case of this müllerian anomaly. It challenges ...
Takatori Yuji - - 2003
Limy bile is a rare condition characterized by excessive precipitation of calcium carbonate in the gallbladder. Cases of complicated hyperparathyroidism are extremely rare. There is only one reported case, where serum and urine calcium levels were high. On the other hand, the presence of limy bile in the common bile ...
Polat Fatin R - - 2003
Polyorchism is a rare anomaly whose genesis is unclarified, although several theories have been proposed. It is generally associated with other disorders but seldom with malignancy. When a supernumerary testicle is encountered intraoperatively, it should be removed.
Wu June - - 2002
BACKGROUND: We present a case of partial facial duplication in a male infant. METHODS: The clinical, radiological, and laboratory findings for this patient are described, followed by a review of the literature. RESULTS: Craniofacial duplication is a rare form of conjoined twinning and presents in a wide spectrum, from dicephalus ...
Ben Meir David - - 2002
Prolapse of a ureterocele through the external meatus is uncommon, and a prolapsed ureterocele occurring after upper pole heminephrectomy is extremely rare. We describe such a case, occurring 2 months after surgery. The ureterocele was excised with the upper pole ureteral stump, and the lower pole ureter was reimplanted with ...
Das Bibhuti B - - 2002
Isolated type III tracheal agenesis without associated congenital anomalies is very rare. Therefore, infants with this type of isolated defects are potential candidates for surgical correction. We present three cases of tracheal agenesis (Floyd's type III) with no other major abnormalities and reviewed the literature. We also discussed the previously ...
Carballal J - - 2002
We report here the case of a 22-year-old female patient with an incomplete Ebstein's anomaly, complete heart block and atrial standstill. Atrial paralysis associated with Ebstein's anomaly is the most important feature, since there is a report of familial Ebstein's anomaly associated with atrial standstill but isolated cases have not ...
Wazz Gabi - - 2002
A case of an anomalous extrahepatic biliary system is reported in which the right hepatic duct was found to enter the infundibulum of the gallbladder. In this case, a selective intraoperative cholangiography has prevented a possible major iatrogenic injury.
Perez-Brayfield Marcos R - - 2002
We present a rare case of a 50-year-old woman with complete bladder, urethral, and vaginal duplication without previous urogenital system reconstruction. Our patient demonstrated a rare embryologic defect with complete bladder, urethral, and vaginal duplication without any functional dysfunction. She was able to reach adulthood without reconstructive surgery. This case ...
Singh Kuldip - - 2002
Some of the numerous anomalies of the biliary tract and its vasculature are incompatible with life, whereas others are only medical curiosities. Many, however, are the cause of symptoms, and all are of particular concern to the surgeon who must operate in this area. An example is situs inversus totalis, ...
Karaman M Ihsan - - 2002
Retrocaval ureter is a very rare condition. In light of the experimental studies, one of the etiologic factors seems to be maternal contact with diethylene glycol monomethyl ether or ethylene glycol monomethyl ether. A case of cardiovascular, skeletal, and retrocaval ureter anomalies caused by possible maternal contact while pregnant with ...
Cox Helen - - 2002
The phenotypes of a mother and child with a duplication of 7p15-7p22 are described. The mother is mosaic for the cytogenetic abnormality, whereas all cells are affected in her son. Fewer than 5 patients with interstitial 7p duplications are described in the world literature whereas over 30 phenotypic descriptions of ...
Al-Qattan Mohammad M - - 2002
An unusual case of polydactyly of the hands and feet is described. The ulnar 4 digits of both hands and the outer 4 digits of both feet appeared normal, and the extra digits were on the radial side of the hands and on the medial side of the feet. The ...
Kimura H - - 2002
Accessory hepatic ducts are relatively rare biliary anomalies. They have been reported only sporadically, and very few reports have described their sonographic (US) findings. Our experience with two such cases suggested that a diagnosis of an accessory hepatic duct should be considered when US shows a fine tubular structure or ...
Wootton-Gorges Sandra L - - 2002
This report describes a newborn with a cervical esophageal duplication cyst, a rare developmental anomaly of the neck. Only a few cases of this cystic entity have been described in the literature to date. This case is unique in that the patient had an air-fluid level within the lesion as ...
Eroglu E - - 2002
Appendiceal anomalies are extremely rare malformations that are usually found in adult population as an incidental finding during laparotomy due to another reason. When appendiceal duplications are detected in childhood, almost all the patients have serious associated intestinal, genito-urinary or vertebral malformations. Presented herein are a case of a huge ...
Hirakawa Hitoshi - - 2002
Tracheal agenesis is a rare congenital anomaly which results inevitably in immediate respiratory distress after delivery. Since the first report of the case in 1900, more than 150 cases reported in the Japanese and world literature. Attempts to save these children have failed to permit survival although a slight prolongation ...
Konno K - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Emphysematous cholecystitis (EC) is a rare but life-threatening complication of acute cholecystitis, and an early diagnosis is required to prevent delay in patient management. Because sonography (US) is the first choice for diagnosing gallbladder diseases, US findings of EC should be understood more precisely. METHODS: We reviewed US findings ...
Ai Tomohiko - - 2002
Ebstein's anomaly is highly associated with atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia (AVRT) due to an atrioventricular accessory pathway (AP). This case report describes a case of a 30-year-old man with Ebstein's anomaly who had been suffering from recurrent palpitation caused by AVRT due to the right-sided AP. Conventional mapping technique failed to ...
Rao P V V Prasada - - 2002
A review of the literature on bony anomalies of the craniovertebral junction was carried out with emphasis on anomalous manifestations associated with the occipital bone, atlas and axis vertebrae. A summary of the evolution and normal development of the above bony structures and the embryological structures contributing to the bony ...
Ignjatović D - - 2002
The study concern was to establish the position of cystic duct incision/division in circumstances of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Seventy consecutive human cadavers were dissected. Corrosion casting (50) and post-mortem cholangiography (20) were employed. Cystic duct length was 34.6 mm, and in 88.6% cases its length was 1-5 cm. Mean cystic duct ...
Hotta Tsukasa - - 2002
We report a so-called carcinosarcoma of the gallbladder in a 53-year-old man. The findings of ultrasonography, computed tomography, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, and angiography revealed a large mass of the gallbladder with a cholesterol stone. He underwent three operations, and died from liver failure with multiple liver metastasis immediately after the ...
Sivridis E - - 2002
A rare case of sirenomelia at 38 weeks of gestation is reported. Fusion of the lower extremities and incomplete development of the bony pelvis was associated with agenesis of the urinary and genital systems, anorectal atresia and a single large umbilical artery. There was complete situs inversus of the single ...
Sirikci Akif - - 2002
The subcutaneous herniation of gallbladder through the abdominal wall is very rare, and to our knowledge, only two cases were reported previously in the literature [Clin. Radiol. 42 (1990) 283; J. Clin. Ultrasound 25 (1997) 398]. In both of these cases, the gallbladders were found to be distended. To our ...
Perimenis Petros - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of retrocaval ureter with other congenital abnormalities. METHODS AND PATIENTS: Two new cases of retrocaval ureter are discussed and a detailed electronic search of the literature was mainly focused on the concomitant abnormalities. The first of our patients had also a glandular hypospadias and a ...
Shah Omar Javed - - 2002
A rare case of a 52-year-old woman with empyema of the gallbladder due to ascariasis causing an obstruction in the cystic duct is presented. She was admitted on September 20, 2000, and on September 23 an emergency cholecystectomy was performed. Ultrasonography is a highly sensitive and specific method for diagnosing ...
Mahmud S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Fundus-first dissection (FFD) is an established technique to deal with difficult open cholecystectomies. Although the indications for such an approach are similar for laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), FFD is not widely practiced because of difficulties that arise with liver retraction, the dissection of dense adhesions, or obscured cystic pedicles, often ...
Belet Nursen - - 2002
Proboscis lateralis is a rare craniofacial anomaly. It consists of a soft, trunk-like process that originates from the medial portion of the orbital roof and it may be accompanied by a number of facial and cerebral anomalies. The characteristics and relationship of the lesion to adjacent structures should be known, ...
Ratan S K - - 2001
A neonate with right lung agenesis presenting with respiratory distress is described. The unusual radiological features were contralateral mediastinal shift (in contrast to expected ipsilateral shift) and diaphragmatic eventration on the affected side. Mediastinal shift to the opposite side was due to intrathoracic hepatic herniation under a high placed eventrated ...
Hashimoto M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Anomalous insertion of the right hepatic duct into the cystic duct is a rare anatomic variation. At this writing, only nine cases have been reported in the literature. In the patients presenting with this anomaly, the surgeon may accidentally transect the right hepatic duct during cholecystectomy. METHODS: We encountered ...
Ng D - - 2001
An interstitial tandem duplication of 6p21.1-p22.2 was found in a girl at 11 months of age when she was evaluated for developmental delay. Previous cases reported with partial 6p duplication usually have involved terminal duplications, with breakpoints ranging from 6p11 to 6p25. Our patient exhibits a milder phenotype compared to ...
Yamanaka T - - 2001
We report a case of myeloschisis on the right hemicord in a patient with diastematomyelia. The patient was a female neonate with myeloschisis visible at birth in the upper lumbar region. Radiological examination, including three-dimensional CT and MRI, clearly revealed a bony septum as well as the myeloschisis on the ...
Correia-Pinto J - - 2001
Tubular colonic duplications are exceedingly rare; the "Y"-shaped forms are exceptional. In the absence of associated low vertebral or urogenital malformations (often fistulas), the tubular colonic malformations frequently stay hidden for several years until a complication develops. The authors report a case of a spontaneous perforation of a Y-shaped tubular ...
Alfano C - - 2001
We describe a rare case of a woman aged 38 who presented with an untreated omphalocele in association with a duplication of the vena cava and malposition of the right kidney. An aesthetic and functional reconstruction of the abdomen was achieved with local flaps and the creation of a neoumbilicus.
Jacquier C - - 2001
The authors present a series of six anal canal duplications (ACD), duplications of the alimentary tract located along the posterior side of the anal canal, with a perineal opening just behind the anus. Five asymptomatic duplications were diagnosed before the age of one year, by simple perineal inspection. A twelve-year-old ...
Yorganci K - - 2001
Gallbladder anomalies, although rarely seen, can be a challenge to the surgeon. There are many cases in the literature in which double gallbladder has been missed at the first operation. A case in which accessory gallbladder was suspected, confirmed at the operation, and managed successfully by laparoscopic cholecystectomy is described. ...
Sim E - - 2001
STUDY DESIGN: A case report on fenestration of the extracranial vertebral artery found at forensic autopsy. OBJECTIVE: To describe an extracranial vertebral artery fenestration involving the subaxial cervical region, assessed radiographically and angiographically at forensic autopsy, in a young man. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Duplications or fenestrations of the extracranial ...
Bernard P - - 2001
A rare abnormal biliary tract consisting in a double common bile duct with an ectopic biliary tree draining into the stomach is described. This congenital anomaly, associated with lithiasis in the ectopic duct, was detected for the first time on MR-cholangiopancreatography. Only 23 cases of abnormal biliary drainage into the ...
Oei A S - - 2001
Rhombencephalosynapsis is a rare condition in which most cases are found in newborns and infants. Morphological findings are predominantly characterized by fusion of the cerebellar hemispheres and absence of the vermis with often associated supratentorial anomalies. We review the literature with emphasis on diagnostic imaging of this condition and present ...
Bruno D - - 2000
Although the true incidence of ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction in the lower-pole moiety of an incompletely duplicated renal collecting system remains elusive, the description of this entity in the published literature is exceedingly rare. To our knowledge, we report the first case of this entity managed successfully by ureteroscopic holmium ...
Ozeki H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: To clarify the relationship between associated systemic anomalies and ocular manifestations in patients with Peters' anomaly, a retrospective study was conducted. METHODS: We classified 37 patients with Peters' anomaly into two groups, one with (+) and one without (-) systemic anomalies. RESULTS: The systemic anomaly (+) group consisted of ...
Shaheed N - - 2000
Polydactyly is a common congenital foot deformity that varies in its clinical presentation. Duplication of the central ray accounts for 3% to 6% of all cases of pedal polydactyly. A review of polydactyly and its multiple classification schemes is presented, along with a rare case involving the duplication of a ...
Baltazar U - - 2000
Agenesis of the gallbladder is rare. Three groups have been identified: those with multiple fetal anomalies, asymptomatic cases, and symptomatic cases. Right upper quadrant pain is present in 90% of the cases, nausea and vomiting in 60%, and jaundice in 35%. Operative strategy is aimed at thorough exploration to locate ...
Lee S S - - 2000
Retrograde ejaculation is an extremely rare complication of the ectopic ureter or ectopic ureterocele. In the literature, only two cases have been reported worldwide. In this article the authors describe a patient who has a completely duplicated collecting system with massive dilatation of the upper pole system, which has manifested ...
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