Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 753
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Erdogmus B - - 2005
Developmental anomalies of the corpus callosum are agenesis, hypogenesis, or hypoplasia. In this case, a hump-shaped anomaly was present in the body of the corpus callosum. The rostrum, genu, and splenium of the corpus callosum were normal. In addition, a split was present within this hump, connecting the lateral ventricles. ...
Anderson Peter J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Goldenhar syndrome consists of the triad of craniofacial microsomia, occular dermoid cysts, and spinal anomalies. The exact nature of the spinal anomalies remains poorly defined in the existing craniofacial literature, possibly due to these anomalies being managed by orthopedic surgeons rather than by craniofacial surgeons. The aim of this ...
Fotiadis C - - 2005
Gastrointestinal duplication is an uncommon congenital abnormality in two-thirds of cases manifesting before the age of 2 years. Ileal duplication is common while colonic duplication, either cystic or tubular, is a rather unusual clinical entity that remains asymptomatic and undiagnosed in most cases. Mostly occurring in pediatric patients, colonic duplication ...
Felix Janine F - - 2006
Tracheal agenesis is a rare congenital malformation, which is usually fatal in the newborn period. Its incidence is approximately 1 in 50,000 births. Presentation is with respiratory insufficiency and no audible cry. Other anomalies are found in most cases. Six cases of tracheal agenesis were seen in our hospital since ...
Papaziogas Basilios - - 2005
Congenital duplication of the gallbladder is a rare anatomical malformation, which is usually discovered as an incidental finding during cholecystectomy. We report a case of a double gallbladder in a 45-year-old woman, which was discovered during laparoscopic cholecystectomy for symptomatic cholelithiasis. As it was not possible to identify the anatomical ...
Priyadarshi Shivam - - 2005
A 1-year-old boy presented with complete duplication of the penis, with an ectopic bowel segment as an associated anomaly. The boy had duplicated epispadiac urethras. The right one ended blindly whereas the left one was patent, leading into the bladder. There was separation of the symphysis pubis and bifid scrotum. ...
Hunter Alasdair G W - - 2005
The human pinna has a complex shape and yet the basic components of normal structure are remarkably constant between individuals. It is precocious in its appearance during embryogenesis and it has been subject to many developmental and surgical studies, yet questions remain as to its primary embryogenesis and the causes ...
Srivastava Vaishali, Ray A.K., ...
Background : The objective of the paper is to review the incidence and types of associated urogenital anomalies (U.G.A.) we encountered in patients with anorectal malformations (A.R.M.) and compare the results with previously published world literature. Materials and Methods: Retrospective review was done of 220 cases of A.R.M., treated from ...
Secil Mustafa - - 2005
Adenomyomatosis (adenomyomatous hyperplasia) of the gallbladder is a benign process of unknown origin that has been classified into three morphologic types: diffuse, segmental, and focal (fundal). Cases of combined (segmental and focal) forms involving the gallbladder body are very rare. We present the sonographic findings of a case having adenomyomatosis ...
Nakajima Tetsuo - - 2005
We report a case of a young athlete with a symptomatic anomaly of the medial meniscus. An anomalous portion in conjunction with the anterior horn of the medial meniscus extended to the intercondylar notch of the femur through the surface of the anterior cruciate ligament. This anomalous band was arthroscopically ...
Rodríguez C Rodríguez - - 2005
Antral duplication cyst with an antral mucosal lining accounts for 2.2% of all gastric duplications, which represent 4-8% of all alimentary tract duplications. They usually become symptomatic before 2 years of age. We report a 6-year-old child with no previous history of symptoms who was admitted to our hospital because ...
Mehra Shveta - - 2005
We report a case of gallbladder paraganglioma that was discovered during nonrelated surgery. Retrospective study disclosed a family history of pheochromocytoma. The occurrence of gallbladder paraganglioma in the presence of family history of endocrine neoplasia supports that gallbladder paraganglioma may indeed occur as a part of the multiple endocrine neoplasm ...
Parikh Tushar B - - 2005
Sirenomelia is an exceptionally rare congenital malformation characterized by complete or near complete fusion of lower limbs. A newborn with clinical features of sirenomelia including fused lower limbs in medial position, absent fibula, anal atresia, complete absence of urogenital system (bilateral renal agenesis, absent ureters, urinary bladder, absent internal and ...
Rathi V - - 2005
Barium enema studies are considered essential for the diagnosis of tubular colonic duplication with opacification of two colons being the diagnostic sign. Yet in certain cases, barium enema apparently does not show positive findings. A case is reported in which a barium follow-through study established the complete diagnosis of duplication ...
Sharma Kamlesh K - - 2005
Duplication of alimentary canal is a well-known entity seen commonly in the abdomen and the thorax. Esophageal duplications are the second most common ones after the ideal duplications, but those in the neck are rarer-only 8 cases have been seen earlier. Cervical esophageal duplication in its isolated form causing torticollis ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2005
This article describes an extremely rare case, encountered in the anatomy laboratory, of a skull base found to have duplication of both occipital condyles. In addition, this specimen was noted to have a large bony excrescence near the basion, a small third occipital condyle, a left paracondylar process, elongation of ...
Kim Young Wan - - 2005
Colonic duplication is a rare congenital anomaly of the alimentary tract. In most cases, symptomatic duplications of the colon are recognized and treated by childhood. It is uncommon for these lesions to be detected in the adulthood since they present with vague symptoms if at all. We experienced a case ...
Abou-Elhamd Kamal-Eldin Ahmed - - 2005
Proboscis lateralis is one of the rare craniofacial congenital anomalies which presents as an obvious deformity of the nose. It tends to occur in male offspring of consanguineous marriages. This is a report of computerized tomography of this rare anomaly. In proboscis lateralis, the nasal cavity on one side is ...
Shaikh Almaas A - - 2005
Gallbladder volvulus is defined as the rotation of the gallbladder on its mesentery along the axis of the cystic duct and cystic artery. It is an unusual and rare occurrence with a predilection for women in their seventh or eight decades of life. Only about 300 cases have been reported ...
Mutlu Hakan - - 2004
We report a case of pituitary duplication in a neonate girl whose magnetic resonance (MR) images showed unusual findings of hypogenesis of the corpus callosum and oral dermoid. Pituitary duplication is an extremely rare malformation, with only a few previously reported cases. It occurs most commonly in association with complicated ...
Aube Christophe - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Until recently, in-depth anatomic study of the biliopancreatic ducts was only possible with injection-corrosion techniques or peroperative radiology. These were tedious and tributary of the quality of anatomic specimens. Since 1990, a new minimally invasive technique has been available: nuclear magnetic resonance cholangiography (NMRCP). The aim of the study ...
Erdogmus Besir - - 2004
Multiseptate gallbladder is a rare congenital malformation of the gallbladder. In some cases, right upper quadrant pain, recurrent abdominal pain, and gallstones were present. We present the sonographic findings in a case of multiseptate gallbladder with acute cholecystitis, which (to our knowledge) has not been reported before. We hypothesize that ...
Evert Matthias - - 2004
We describe an unusual form of xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis in a 69-year-old man, with abundant intramural concrement formation and a local fibroelastosis of the adjacent interstitium and arteries. The gallbladder was obtained following resection of an adenocarcinoma of the gastro-esophageal junction without evidence of metastases. Only two cases of fibroelastosis of ...
Dunn Randall - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To report a rare müllerian anomaly with a blind cervical pouch. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Private practice and community hospital. PATIENT(S): A 27-year-old nulliparous patient referred for evaluation of suspected müllerian anomaly. INTERVENTION(S): Clinical and outpatient surgical evaluation of the anomaly. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Assessment of the anomaly according ...
Lin S - - 2004
We report a case of direct interstitial duplication of chromosome 4 from 4q28.1 to 4q35 associated with bilateral choanal atresia. The child also had dysmorphic features including a broad nasal bridge, telecanthus, downward slanting palpebral fissures, prominent ears, mild bilateral clinodactyly of the 5th fingers and bilateral hypoplasia of the ...
Choi Jin-Young - - 2004
An annular pancreas is a rare congenital anomaly in which a portion of the pancreatic tissue surrounds the duodenum. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is used extensively for evaluating the pancreatobiliary ducts. There have been only few cases in which MRCP clearly demonstrated the types of annular ducts, however. Two cases ...
Calado Adriano A - - 2004
Cake kidney is a rare congenital anomaly of the urogenital tract, with a few more than 20 cases described in the literature. It can be diagnosed at any age range. Normally, drainage is achieved by 2 ureters, and there are only 5 reports in the literature of cake kidney drained ...
Quddus M Ruhul - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of consensus review of original ThinPrep slides (Cytyc Corp., Boxborough, Masssachusetts) vs. duplicate slides and to identify the significance of the number of representative cells in classifying atypical squamous metaplastic cells, cannot exclude high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (ASC-H). STUDY DESIGN: A duplicate ThinPrep slide ...
Wiersma R - - 2004
This is an 18-year (1985-2001) retrospective review of 85 patients with true hermaphroditism, with the aim of facilitating early recognition of this condition. Presentation of neonates and infants 6 months or younger, constituting 54% of this cohort, were different from the older children. The presentation, clinical features and investigative results ...
Zurawin R K - - 2004
Congenital disorders of development are more common than previously reported and the correct diagnosis is frequently missed leading to suboptimal treatment. Eight cases of uterus didelphys with obstructed hemivagina referred to the Gynecology service at Baylor College of Medicine over a 2-year period were reviewed. Initial presenting symptoms and signs ...
Haecker F-M - - 2004
We report the case of a female (chromosomal 46 XX) with a complex congenital urogenital malformation. Caesarian section was performed at the 30th gestational week due to hydrops fetalis and polyhydramnion. Clinical and radiological evaluation demonstrated a complex urogenital malformation with an enlarged penoclitoral organ, urethral duplication, and concomitant malformations. ...
Peddu P - - 2004
Anomalies of the appendix are rare and are usually found in the adult population as an incidental finding during the course of surgery. We describe the appearances of a Type B duplicated appendix demonstrated on a barium enema for the first time. A review of the literature is presented with ...
McLoone E M - - 2004
PURPOSE: To present an unusual case of optic disc pseudoduplication with colobomata. METHODS: Clinical evaluation, fundus photography and literature review. RESULTS: Optic disc duplication is a rare clinical entity. CONCLUSIONS: We report what we believe to be the first case of pseudoduplication of the optic disc with coexistent bilateral optic ...
Slavotinek Anne M - - 2004
Fryns syndrome (FS) is the commonest autosomal recessive syndrome associated with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and comprises CDH, pulmonary hypoplasia, craniofacial anomalies, distal limb hypoplasia, and internal malformations. Although there have been more than 50 case reports on probands with FS, the diagnostic guidelines were formulated from a review of ...
Vasović Ljiljana P - - 2004
It is noted that the vertebral artery lies buried in a sea of generalities, prejudices, fear, and ignorance in the clinical literature. This fact is the reason why this observation is based on 11 cases, selected from 206 fetal cases, of various duplications of the vertebral artery. Aberrant or anastomotic ...
Izci Yusuf - - 2003
The lumbosacral region, with its manifold variations and anomalies, is one of the most important section of the entire spine. From the fusion defects to the segmentation anomalies, a wide variety of malformation exists in this region. Individuals with such anomalies usually have no physical complaints until their spines undergo ...
Brower Jason S - - 2003
Diplopodia, or duplicated foot, is a rare congenital anomaly. It differs from polydactyly in that supernumerary metatarsal and tarsal bones are present as well as extra digits. Only a few cases of this anomaly have been reported in the literature to date. We present a newborn male without intrauterine teratogen ...
Ratan Simmi K - - 2003
A boy with perineal accessory scrotum but without any other congenital anomaly is being described. He presented with a rugose skin tag on a midline perineal mound and the diagnosis could be confirmed by the histological findings of subcutaneous smooth muscles. Other reports of perineal scrota have been reviewed and ...
Machado Marcel Autran C - - 2003
Alimentary tract duplications are rare congenital malformations that may be found anywhere from mouth to anus. They usually share a common smooth muscle wall and blood supply with the adjacent bowel. Some duplications are asymptomatic but most cause problems in early childhood. Gastric duplications account for 2% to 7% of ...
Mathew S T - - 2003
Ebstein's anomaly is a common congenital abnormality in the Wolff-Parkinson white syndrome (WPW). The term WPW is applied to patients with both preexcitation on ECG and paroxysmal tachycardias. In this case review, we describe a female with a history of intermittent palpitations who presented in the postpartum period with WPW. ...
Naik Guruprasad D - - 2003
Two cases of transcatheter closure of aortopulmonary window (APW) using an Amplatzer duct occluder in one and a septal occluder device in the second are described. Transcatheter device closure of APW should be considered when anatomy is favorable in terms of location and size of the defect with absence of ...
Kumar Binay - - 2003
We report two cases of isolated necrotizing vasculitis of gallbladder without evidence of systemic involvement which was histologically indistinguishable from classic polyarteritis nodosa (PAN), displaying vascular lesions in different stages of progression like those of PAN. The literature has been reviewed in order to evaluate the significance and possible aetio-pathogenesis ...
Saleeby Manhal G - - 2003
Abnormal tracheal development causes a spectrum of life-threatening anomalies. We report a newborn with tracheal agenesis and a common "esophagotrachea." Ventilation was achieved first by face mask then with an endotracheal tube. In this report, we describe the types of tracheal agenesis and discuss initial airway management.
Haratz-Rubinstein Nathan - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Alimentary tract duplications are rare congenital lesions that may arise at any location throughout the gastrointestinal tract. The most common site of enteric duplications is the ileum, with only 13% of cases occurring in the colon. CASE: Prenatal sonography at 39 weeks' gestation showed a cystic structure with thick ...
Haben C Michael - - 2003
A rare case of incomplete tracheal duplication with severe unilateral lung hypoplasia is presented. Photo-documentation of the gross post-mortem specimens is presented so that the anatomical aspects of this unusual anomaly can be recognized and appreciated. Clinical information is presented in the hope that successful premorbid identification of potential complications ...
Mylonas I - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Unilateral ovarian agenesis is a rare event and only a few case have been reported. CASE REPORT: We present three additional cases, where patients presented with diffuse lower abdominal pain. During laparoscopy, an unilateral ovarian agenesis was observed in the three cases. DISCUSSION: There are two possible explanations of ...
Diwadkar Gouri B - - 2003
Several variations in intrahepatic and extrahepatic accessory biliary ducts have been reported in the past. An accessory extrahepatic biliary duct connecting the lateral segment of the left lobe to the medial segment of the left lobe is described. A review of the literature reveals that this anomaly has rarely been ...
Güler Niyazi - - 2003
Uhl's anomaly, or parchment right ventricle is a myocardial disorder of unknown cause that mainly involves the right ventricle. Uhl's anomaly may represent a cause of right heart dilatation, failure, and premature sudden death due to ventricular arrhythmias. Although most of the cases of Uhl's anomaly end fatally in infancy ...
Doğan R - - 2003
The Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) is a rare anomaly characterized by naevus, soft tissue hypertrophy and varicosities which is mainly unknown etiology. Associated deep venous system abnormalities have been reported with KTS. Here, a 4-year-old-boy with KTS was reported, because of the associated popliteal vein, common femoral vein with its deep ...
Mahajan J K - - 2003
Infants with anorectal anomaly have a high risk of having other congenital anomalies, but associated gastrointestinal tract anomalies are quite rare. Malrotation of gut is rarely associated with anorectal anomaly. We report two such cases of anorectal malformation with malrotation of gut. The high index of suspicion, diagnostic difficulty and ...
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