Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 753
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Jukkarwala Anis - - 2011
Photoparoxysmal response (PPR) is commonly associated with idiopathic generalised epilepsies. Most of the focal events induced by intermittent photic stimulation (IPS) are reported to be of occipital origin. Only six temporal lobe epilepsy patients have been reported in the literature with focal PPR at extraoccipital sites. We report a four-year-old ...
Tafakhori Abbas - - 2011
Association of migraine and tonic pupil has been reported very rarely. We reported a young female with symptoms of migraine who developed a mydriatic pupil in one of her attacks. The pupil was unresponsive to light with little response to near reflex. In 0.125% pilocarpine test affected pupil responded significantly ...
Belcastro Vincenzo - - 2011
Despite the fact that migraine and epilepsy are among the commoner brain diseases and that comorbidity of these conditions is well known, only few reports of migralepsy and hemicrania epileptica (HE) have been published according to the current ICHD-II criteria. Particularly, ICHD-II describes "migraine-triggered seizure" (i.e., migralepsy) among complications of ...
Veerapandiyan Aravindhan - - 2011
We describe the electroencephalographic and clinical seizure manifestations of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-dependent epilepsy (PLP-DE) in two patients [diagnosis confirmed by low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) PLP, complete resolution of previously intractable seizures with PLP supplementation, negative pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy CSF biomarkers, and/or positive disease causing pyridox(am)ine 5'-phosphate oxidase gene mutation] along with a ...
Pybus Megan - - 2011
Neurocysticercosis is an unusual cause of seizure in the New Zealand setting. We report on the presentation of a 12-year-old Indian boy, who was found to have neurocysticercosis after presenting with a generalized seizure. Treatmeant of neurocysticercosis is controversial, and the evidence from the literature regarding treatment with anthelmintic (or ...
Sunkavalli K Kiran - - 2011
Almost 50 years after its discovery, valproic acid remains a mainstay in the treatment of epilepsy, both alone and in combination with other anticonvulsants. It is also associated with a hyperammonemic encephalopathy, when used in combination with other drugs. We present a case of valproate-induced hyperammonemic encephalopathy in a patient ...
Roubergue Anne - - 2011
Glucose transporter 1 deficiency syndrome (GLUT1-DS) is due to heterozygous mutation of the glucose transporter type 1 gene (GLUT1/SLC2A1). GLUT1-DS is characterized by movement disorders, including paroxysmal exercise-induced dystonia (PED), as well as seizures, mental retardation and hypoglycorrhachia. Tremor was recently shown to be part of the phenotype, but its ...
Andreou Zenon - - 2011
Statement of Problem. Laryngocele is a rare laryngeal disease, where there is an abnormal dilatation of the saccule of the laryngeal ventricle. It can either be internal or external, and a laryngopyocele is a rare complication of this anomaly. Internal laryngopyoceles can prove difficult to manage, as they often present ...
Ahallal Youness - - 2011
Seminal vesicle cyst is an extremely rare disease. Its association with ipsilateral renal agenesis is even more exceptional. We present herein one case of a 16-year-old male who presented with a four-month history of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTSs) and micturition pain. The digital rectal examination revealed a small mass ...
De Rosa Antonella - - 2011
Gangrenous cystitis is now an extremely rare condition since the widespread use of antibiotics. The authors report a case of gangrenous cystitis in a previously fit and normal 42-year-old male who presented in acute urinary retention. He underwent a partial cystectomy during an exploratory laparotomy for clinical deterioration and peritonitis. ...
Papamichalis Panagiotis - - 2011
Salmonella spp. is the cause of commonly encountered infections, with seasonal pattern of occurrence and worldwide distribution. Some of the clinical manifestations such as gastroenteritis and bacteremia are common, whereas others like mycotic aneurysms and osteomyelitis are infrequent especially in immunocompetent patients. Salmonella has been rarely described as a cause ...
Wright Kelly Nicole - - 2011
To describe a rare anomaly of the female reproductive tract and review the embryology associated with the defect. Case report and review of the literature. Major academic medical center. A 14-year-old girl with two hemiuteri lacking any communication with a single normal midline cervix and vagina. Diagnostic laparoscopy with chromopertubation ...
Cook Tara - - 2011
Gelastic seizures are typically associated with hypothalamic hamartoma. Given the rarity of gelastic seizures, pathways for the motor and emotional aspects of laughter have been hypothesized but remain unclear. The authors perform a literature review to discuss what is known about these pathways. They also report a child who presented ...
Chibbaro S - - 2011
The authors report a case of a thoracic epidural spinal lipomatosis causing severe neurological deficits along the review of pertinent literature. The patient is a 56-year-old woman who presented with acute onset of severe paraparesis; she was investigated with cervical and thoracic MRI and then surgically managed because of an ...
Singh Dal Vankudoth - - 2011
Necrotising fasciitis (NF) is a severe soft tissue infection which spreads rapidly through fascial planes, characterised by soft tissue necrosis and potentially life threatening. Involvement of the face from NF is rare. Only 35 such cases have been reported in the literature since 1960. It is associated with a high ...
Chapman Melanie - - 2011
Epilepsy is common in people with intellectual disabilities. Epilepsy can be difficult to diagnose and may be misdiagnosed in around 25% of cases. A systematic review was conducted to explore: Primary studies and systematic reviews published in the English language between 1998 and 2008 were identified from electronic databases, experts, ...
Wanjau J - - 2010
To review the etiology and pathogenesis of anterior open bite malocclusion. Review of literature was affected through Pubmed, Google scholar and Science direct. References identified from articles found from the primary search were also reviewed. Published data on etiology and pathogenesis of anterior open bite over the last five decades ...
von Schreeb Johan - - 2010
Objective:  Following a sudden-onset disaster (SOD), rapid information is needed. We assessed the relevance of information available for relief planning on a main Internet portal following a major SOD. Methods:  We reviewed all information posted on the Reliefweb Web site in the first 7 days following the 2005 South Asian ...
Koga Hiroyuki - - 2010
Anal canal duplication (ACD) is an extremely rare congenital intestinal anomaly. There are not many reports in the English literature, with just a few from each institution. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics, surgical treatment, and outcome of ACD in pediatric cases at a single ...
Nayan Smriti - - 2010
Cervical esophageal duplication cysts are rare congenital anomalies that can be successfully managed surgically. These anomalies are rare causes of upper airway obstruction. We present here a case of a cervical esophageal duplication cyst in an infant, along with a review of the literature concerning this anomaly.
Jaiman Sunil - - 2010
The aims of this study were to demonstrate a case of bilateral intravesical ureterocele associated with megacystis and mega-ureters, unilateral partial duplication of the ureter and unilateral segmental renal dysplasia of the upper pole and an accessory spleen and to propose an addition of the new variant to the classification ...
Yesildag Ebru - - 2010
Anorectal malformations (ARMS) are one of those challenging topics of pediatric surgery. The developments in assessing and approaching patients with these anomalies have been made in the last decades and the methods described in older textbooks functioned as a guide in planning these attempts (Kiely and Peña in Pediatric surgery, ...
Chen Jeng-Jung - - 2010
Duplication cyst of the duodenum is rare. This study describes a case of duodenal duplication and evaluates its clinical features through a literature review. A case of duodenal duplication is reported, and related articles published from 1999 to 2009 on PubMed were reviewed. Clinical manifestations, diagnostic examinations, and methods of ...
Fang Xueping - - 2010
CONTEXT: Metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in gallbladder is rare with only 18 cases published in the English literature. OBJECTIVES: To review the clinicopathologic characteristics of metastatic RCC in gallbladder and to correlate the findings with clinical outcomes. DESIGN: We report 4 additional cases of intraluminal polypoid metastasis of RCC ...
Maria Anisha - - 2010
Necrotizing fasciitis of the head and neck is an uncommon, potentially fatal , soft tissue infection characterized by extensive necrosis and gas formation in the subcutaneous tissue and fascia. The purpose of this report is to heighten the awareness of this infection. The article also outlines an appropriate management strategy ...
Leong S - - 2012
Inferior vena cava (IVC) filter insertion is a commonly performed procedure for indications such as recurrent pulmonary emboli or contraindication to anticoagulation. Symptomatic duplication of the IVC is exceedingly rare with only a handful of cases being described in the literature. We report an unusual case of a patient with ...
Dhabalia J V - - 2010
Urethral duplication is a rare congenital anomaly and presents as a spectrum of varying severity. This report present three cases of duplication of urethra whose presentation ranged from prepubic sinus to a complete urethral duplication. They were investigated using ultrasonography, retrograde urethrography and cystoscopy. They were treated depending on the ...
Takagi H - - 2010
Congenital abnormalities of the Müllerian duct system can result in various urogenital anomalies, including uterus didelphys with blind hemivagina and ipsilateral renal agenesis (Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome). It usually presents after the menarche with progressive pelvic pain during periods secondary to haematocolpos. However, rarely presentation is unusual with consequent diagnostic delay. This ...
Kanojia Ravi Prakash - - 2010
Retrocaval ureter is abnormal looping of the proximal ureter behind the inferior vena cava. The aberrant anatomy results in the compression of the ureter causing hydronephrosis. This is a very infrequent cause of hydronephrosis in children. Association of retrocaval ureter with a stone in the looping segment of the ureter ...
Calotă F - - 2010
Appendiceal anomalies are extremely rare malformations. We presented the case of a patient 43-year-old who had undergone emergency surgery for bowel occlusion. Incidentally we have found an "horseshoe-shaped" appendix which removed. After review of the literature we have introduced this appendiceal variant in a complete classification of appendiceal anomalies.
Sudesh Pebam - - 2010
Preaxial mirror polydactyly of foot is a rare congenital anomaly with even fewer documentations for definitive treatment. To provide a sensate, near normal foot with ability to wear shoes is difficult to achieve in this variant with fibular dimelia and calcaneal duplication, with a delayed presentation at 6 years. Our ...
Ribeiro Sergio Conti - - 2010
We present the case of a 19-year-old nulligravida woman with severe dysmenorrhea since menarche; she was found to have a longitudinal vaginal septum, cervical duplication and two endometrial cavities, separated by a complete septum. Diagnosis and management of this unusual Müllerian anomaly are discussed in the context of a literature ...
Causey Marlin Wayne - - 2010
Duplicate gallbladder is a rare congenital anomaly resulting from abnormalities in embryogenesis during the fifth and sixth weeks of gestation. Approximately 210 cases have been described. Variations include duplicate, triplicate, and septated gallbladder. We encountered a 15-year-old girl with both a duplicated gallbladder and a duplicated cystic duct who underwent ...
Shah Abhidha - - 2010
We report an 11-year-old boy with dysgenesis of the clivus. The boy presented complaining of progressive difficulty in walking. The clival anomaly was associated with severe basilar invagination, Chiari Type 1 malformation and syringomyelia. Our literature search did not reveal any previous reports of this combination of conditions. The patient ...
Kawanishi Masahiro - - 2010
Double gallbladder is a rare congenital biliary anomaly, but an accessory gallbladder arising from the left hepatic duct is a more remarkably rare congenital anomaly. We report a case of double gallbladder with adenocarcinoma and gallstones, which was preoperatively diagnosed by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and then confirmed by open ...
Rattan Kamal N - - 2010
In view of the rarity of the lesion, we describe 3 cases of aphallia associated with genitourinary and nongenitourinary anomalies. One case was associated with an anorectal malformation, whereas 2 had a normal anal opening. One patient with a normal anal opening had an associated rectal-urethro-fistula. Development of the phallus, ...
Stephenson James A - - 2010
Gallbladder agenesis is uncommon. In contrast, liver haemangiomas are the most common type of benign liver lesions. We describe the first documented case of gallbladder agenesis where the clinical presentation was consistent with biliary colic, and radiological investigation suggested the presence of gallstones. Subsequent operative findings revealed a solitary haemangioma ...
Turner Sheila - - 2010
The preparation of HTA reports requires a great deal of time, effort and resource, and there is a desire to improve efficiency, avoid duplication of effort and facilitate the transfer of knowledge between countries. This is of particular importance for countries with more limited resources which have less capacity to ...
Maudlin Lucy - - 2010
A rare case of phyllodes tumour of the prostate of which less than 100 cases have been reported in the literature. It has an unclear clinical course and uncertain management options. In an inoperable case such as this, the authors discuss the difficulties faced with its management and the limited, ...
Bernardi Pricila - - 2010
The association between fibular dimelia and mirror polydactyly of the foot is considered to be a very rare lower-limb abnormality. On the other hand, VACTERL is an acronym for a nonrandom association of congenital anomalies for which the etiology is still poorly understood. The patient was a seven-month-old white girl ...
Kokabi Nima - - 2010
Sinistral portal hypertension occurs when a pathological process causes occlusion of the splenic vein. The resultant elevated splenic bed venous pressure causes formation of gastric varices which can lead to hematemesis as a common presentation for this disease process. We present a case of sinistral portal hypertension in a patient ...
Lervik Andreas - - 2010
Seizures or convulsions that occur during anaesthesia in veterinary patients are infrequently reported in the literature. Consequently, the incidence of such events is unknown. Several drugs commonly used in clinical veterinary anaesthesia have been shown to induce epileptiform activity in both human clinical patients and experimental candidates. The present case ...
Al-Qattan M M - - 2010
Several series have reported the distribution of the types of thumb polydactyly in the Caucasian and Far Eastern populations. No data are available for the Middle East. A total of 196 Saudi patients (228 hands) with thumb polydactyly were reviewed. The most common type was Wassel type IV (33.8%) and ...
Kara Necip - - 2009
Neural tube defects are common congenital abnormalities associated with a variety of complications. Spina bifida, among the most common, results from failure of the neural tube and the vertebral bones to close during embryogenesis. Myelomeningocele is the most common severe form of spina bifida. It may be associated with various ...
Reichman David E - - 2010
The following review seeks to summarise the current data regarding reproductive outcomes associated with congenital uterine anomalies. Such malformations originate from adverse embryologic events ranging from agenesis to lateral and vertical fusion defects. Associated renal anomalies are common both for the symmetric and asymmetric malformations. While fertility is minimally impacted ...
Okada Tadao - - 2009
The association between hyperplastic polyp of the gallbladder with pancreaticobiliary maljunction (PBM) is extremely rare. This report describes the rare case of a 9-year-old girl with PBM complicated by hyperplastic polyp of the gallbladder, and the successful surgical treatment of PBM. We review the literature on this type of relationship ...
Mariani Peter J - - 2011
Background: As emergency physicians perform bedside ultrasound with greater frequency, greater numbers of incidental and potentially unfamiliar sonographic findings will be encountered. Objectives: Illustrate, discuss, and briefly review literature regarding one such finding and diagnosis in right upper quadrant sonography. Case Report: A middle-aged woman was evaluated in the Emergency ...
Wisenbaugh Eric S - - 2010
We present a young girl with an exceedingly rare case of a duplicated bladder, urethra, vulva, vagina, cervix, uterus, appendix, colon and anus, as well as a lipomyleomeningocele. This complex of anomalies has been referred to in the literature as caudal duplication syndrome. This particular case was complicated with urinary ...
Coleman Robert A - - 2010
Urethral duplication is a rare congenital anomaly, with multiple described anatomical variants. Duplications in the sagittal plane can be complete or partial, dorsal or ventral, and may be associated with other congenital urogenital anomalies. The anatomy of the duplication should be defined, and the functional urethra identified prior to any ...
Moawad Nash S - - 2009
A wide variety of M??llerian anomalies has been described in the literature. Various combinations of anomalies may coexist in a single subject. Precise identification of the various components of the anomaly is paramount in choosing and planning the appropriate conservative and surgical treatment. In this report, we present a rare ...
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