Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 780
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Wilson Michael G - - 2012
Our objective was to identify all existing systematic reviews related to counselling, case management and health promotion for people living with HIV/AIDS. For the reviews identified, we assessed the quality and local applicability to support evidence-informed policy and practice. We searched 12 electronic databases and two reviewers independently assessed the ...
Krueger Chad A - - 2012
One of the greatest predictors for resident success on the Orthopaedic In-Training Examination (OITE) is reviewing previous OITE questions. However, no studies have examined which review sources contain the most answers to previously asked OITE questions. The goal of this study was to determine which review source contains the most ...
Fulop Sean A - - 2012
The purpose of these acoustical patent reviews is to provide enough information for a Journal reader to decide whether to seek more information from the patent itself. Any opinions expressed here are those of the reviewers as individuals and are not legal opinions. Printed copies of United States Patents may ...
Chang Yongen - - 2012
Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS) is a rare disorder characterized by altered mental status, seizure, hypertension, and symmetrical white matter edema (leukoencephalopathy) typically in the posterior cerebral hemispheres on brain imaging. It is often linked to certain medication use, in particular, chemotherapeutic agents. Here, we present a case of chemotherapy-related ...
Potterton S L - - 2012
The aim of this study was to collate and review the peer and non-peer reviewed English language literature on the treatment and prevention of foot lameness in cattle published since January 2000. The study aimed to identify deficits in knowledge and areas of disparity between what is recommended in the ...
Ta Jennifer H - - 2012
Congenital muscular torticollis is a condition in which the sternocleidomastoid muscle is shortened on the involved side, leading to an ipsilateral tilt of the head and a contralateral rotation of the face and chin. Most of these patients present in infancy and are successfully treated with physical therapy. Occasionally, patients ...
Fulop Sean A - - 2012
The purpose of these acoustical patent reviews is to provide enough information for a Journal reader to decide whether to seek more information from the patent itself. Any opinions expressed here are those of the reviewers as individuals and are not legal opinions. Printed copies of United States Patents may ...
Hathorn I F - - 2012
Objective: We report a case of bilateral acute mastoiditis and subperiosteal abscesses successfully managed with simultaneous surgery. Method: A case report and literature review are presented. Results: A two-year-old boy presented with fever, otalgia, otorrhoea and bilateral protruding ears. He was treated for 72 hours with intravenous antibiotics but failed ...
Saha Konal - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Orbital lymphangiomas present a difficult management problem for the ophthalmologist. This review offers a strategy for managing the condition. RECENT FINDINGS: There have been recent publications discussing the use of intralesional fibrin glue to aid dissection and intralesional sclerosant to shrink the lesion. We discuss the evidence ...
O'Neill S - - 2012
Aim:  The study reviewed the literature related to ischaemic colitis (IC) to establish an evidence base for its management and to identify factors predicting severity and mortality). Method:  A systematic review of the English language literature was conducted according to recommendations of the PRISMA statement. MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane Library ...
Lashkari Harsha Prasada - - 2012
Neuroblastoma in a known case of congenital adrenal hyperplasia has rarely been reported. The management of such a patient in the background of hormonal imbalance can be very challenging. In this report, we share our experience in managing such a child and discuss the clinical dilemma.
Gude Dilip - - 2012
Fetus-in-fetu is a rare congenital anomaly in which a malformed parasitic twin is found within the body of its partner. Less than 100 cases have been reported in published studies. Although it is a relatively benign condition, clinicians need to have a high index of suspicion for the associated complications ...
Zachariah Jewel R - - 2012
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the scrotum are uncommon lesions, usually picked up incidentally during the evaluation of scrotal masses or infertility. They have also been reported to present with acute bleeding. We present a case who presented with acute pain following an abandoned surgical attempt at excision, elsewhere. Diagnosis was ...
Radoi Mugurel Petrinel - - 2012
Cardiac myxoma, the most common benign cardiac tumour, can determine brain metastases or multiple cerebral aneurysms, but very few cases of both complications have been reported. We discuss the therapeutic management in the case of a patient, operated for a cardiac myxoma, who presented three intracerebral tumours and five cerebral ...
Catez Emmanuel - - 2012
An 18-year-old Romanian man with no known history of cardiac disease was admitted to the hospital for the management of right heart failure and bilateral pleural effusions. Further investigations revealed mediastinal lymph nodes and a constrictive cardiac haemodynamic pattern. Lymph node biopsy demonstrated a purulent liquid from which cultures were ...
Gupta Mahesh - - 2012
Peroral extrusion of the distal end of a ventriculo-peritoneal shunt tube is the potentially hazardous end result of a bowel perforation with only few case reports in the literature. The distal end of the peritoneal catheter got fractured in a 4-year-old child and it protruded out through the mouth. The ...
Ledgerwood L G - - 2012
Objectives:To examine chronic non-granulomatous supraglottitis, a rare disorder of uncertain aetiology with few reported cases in the literature.Case reports:We describe two cases of chronic non-granulomatous supraglottitis that led to persistent respiratory compromise. Patients underwent extensive investigation that failed to reveal a definitive diagnosis.Conclusion:In patients suffering from chronic inflammation of the ...
Shrimali Raj K - - 2012
Introduction: Malignant struma ovarii is an extremely rare ovarian tumour containing malignant thyroid carcinoma within differentiated thyroid tissue, as the predominant tissue type. Surgery for suspected ovarian tumour and incidental pathological diagnosis is the most common presentation. Evidence supporting any particular approach to the clinical management of this condition is ...
Lewis Chandani - - 2012
ABSTRACT Background: This brief review presents a comprehensive evaluation of valproate induced encepalopathy (VHE) and also discusses potential mechanisms of the condition. Scope: Sodium Valproate (VPA) is an effective antiepileptic drug used in neurology as well as in psychiatry, in adults and children. VHE requires early diagnosis and management. Focused ...
Combelles Catherine - - 2012
Patient cases that present with recurring fertilization failure or complete abnormality in either the oocytes or sperm before fertilization are uncommon, yet they are devastating. This review presents several such instances, including oocyte maturation blocks, empty follicle syndrome, oocyte activation failures, defects in sperm phospholipase C isoform ζ, sperm structural ...
Channer Guyan A - - 2012
Objectives. Primary facial nerve tumors (FNTs) present in varying ways. In this study, the authors present their institutional experience with the management of facial nerve tumors, including their recommendations for available therapies such as observation, microsurgical decompression or removal, and stereotactic radiation. They emphasize the auditory and facial nerve function ...
Lehn Alexander Christoph - - 2012
: Fractures of the skull base can cause lower cranial nerve palsies because of involvement of the nerves as they traverse the skull. A variety of syndromes have been described, often involving multiple nerves. These are most commonly unilateral, and only a handful of cases of bilateral cranial nerve involvement ...
Ang Shiang-Hu - - 2012
Once thought impracticable, lung ultrasound is now used in patients with a variety of pulmonary processes. This review seeks to describe the utility of lung ultrasound in the management of patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). A literature search was carried out on PubMed/Medline using search terms related to ...
Alcázar Juan Luis - - 2012
The diagnosis rate of deep pelvic endometriosis is increasing. Endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS) is a rare neoplasm. Extragenital ESS is an extremely uncommon event. Very few cases of extragenital ESS have been reported to date. The diagnosis of this entity is very difficult in some instances. Knowledge about its management ...
Dupuy Martin - - 2012
The primary intracranial development of olfactory neuroblastomas, outside olfactory epithelium, is rare. We report a case of primary sellar neuroblastoma without any aggressive histopathological features, managed solely surgically without adjuvant therapy, with good outcomes at 3 years. Primary sellar neuroblastomas mostly occur in women in the 4th decade with a ...
Ahmed S Faisal - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review of disorders of sex development (DSDs) in boys and men will outline the conditions that may lead to this phenotype, present some guidance on how to evaluate and investigate affected cases and then review the medical and surgical management and subsequent outcome. RECENT FINDINGS: DSDs ...
El Maghraby Ahmed - - 2012
Giant left atrium is a rare condition, with a reported incidence of 0.3%, and following mainly rheumatic mitral valve disease. Although rheumatic heart disease represents the main cause of giant left atrium, other etiologies have been reported. Giant left atrium has significant hemodynamic effects and requires specific management. In this ...
Shah Gopi - - 2012
Tongue entrapment in a bottle neck is rare, with few cases reported in the literature. Reported here is the case of a child who presented to the Emergency Department with her tongue entrapped in an aluminum bottle. This case is unique in that the patient had a delayed presentation resulting ...
Fedor Preston J - - 2012
Persistent bleeding from leech bites is a common occurrence, although little evidence is available to guide management. Detailed here is the case of a 30-year-old American man who presented with two leech bites after a trek through the jungle in Nepal, one of which continued to briskly ooze blood despite ...
Hunter Gary - - 2012
Status epilepticus is among the most dramatic of clinical presentations encountered by emergency room physicians, neurologists, neurosurgeons and intensivists. While progress in its management has been aided significantly with an increasing number of effective treatment options, improved diagnostic methods and more effective monitoring, poor outcomes and diagnostic failures are still ...
Bikhchandani Jai - - 2012
Traumatic lung hernia is a rare entity. The majority of cases reported in the literature have been treated surgically with early thoracotomy to prevent strangulation of pulmonary tissue. We report the case of a 63-year-old patient who experienced a 20-foot fall, causing multiple rib fractures with a lung hernia that ...
Rajalingam Rajesh - - 2012
Apart from their association in familial and hereditary cancer syndromes, sporadic double malignancies of the gastrointestinal tract involving the ampulla of Vater and colon are extremely rare. Although synchronous resection of the two by adding a colectomy to a pancreaticoduodenctomy can be accomplished with minimal increase in the surgical morbidity, ...
Sears Ann - - 2012
Diphtheria is an acute bacterial illness caused by toxigenic strains of Corynebacterium diphtheriae (C. diphtheriae). We describe two epidemiologically-linked cases of skin infections from which toxigenic C. diphtheriae was isolated, and discuss implications for diphtheria surveillance and management in New Zealand. A public health investigation was undertaken to identify and ...
Kelleher Deirdre C - - 2012
H-type rectovestibular fistula is a rare anorectal malformation with poor consensus on an optimal operative management. We report our management of a recurrent fistula and review previously described operative techniques. Full excision of the tract without apposing suture lines or perineal body dissection simplifies the repair while minimizing complications and ...
Roche Pierre-Hugues - - 2012
To describe the incidence and the course of complications after the radiosurgical treatment of vestibular schwannomas, the authors reviewed their own experience and reviewed the literature. Failure is described in less than 3% of cases, and this had to be distinguished from transient enlargement of tumor volume. In case of ...
Zhang Guofei - - 2012
Abstract  Primary cardiac chondrosarcoma is extremely rare, and its clinical characteristics and management are not clear. Only eight cases of primary cardiac chondrosarcoma in the left heart have been reported in the English literature. In this report, we describe a case of primary chondrosarcoma of the left atrium. The management ...
Rosman Ilana S - - 2012
  Acute genital ulcers rarely occur in nonsexually active young girls. When present, they can cause significant physical and emotional distress for the patient and her parents, and prompt an evaluation for sexual abuse and sexually transmitted diseases. With this review, we aim to further characterize acute genital ulcers in ...
Grimaldi Chiara - - 2012
Congenital intrahepatic portosystemic shunts are rare hepatic vascular anomalies that often lead to severe secondary conditions. A 6-year-old boy was referred for assessment of severe hypoxia, and a large liver mass was diagnosed with such a malformation and was managed by direct closure of the venous fistula by interventional radiology. ...
Drakoulakis Emmanouil - - 2012
Alkaptonuria, a rare hereditary metabolic disorder, is characterized by accumulation of homogentisic acid in the connective tissues resulting from lack of the enzyme homogentisic acid oxidase. Ochronosis, dark pigmentation of connective tissues, is the musculoskeletal manifestation of alkaptonuria. In this article, we report the case of a 53-year-old man who ...
Wijeratna Malin D - - 2012
Dieterich disease is characterized by avascular necrosis of the metacarpal head. The recent literature has described surgical management of this condition relatively soon after its presentation. We present a case treated conservatively with a satisfactory outcome at 28 months.
Sturza V S - - 2012
Microtheca semilaevis Stal is a phythophagous insect associated to Brassicaceae, and frequently occurs with other species of beetles, such as Microtheca ochroloma Stal. Despite its importance to organic farmers, there is no information in the Brazilian literature about its natural enemies. Stiretrus decastigmus (Herrich-Schaeffer) was first found and here reported ...
Somme Dominique - - 2012
BACKGROUND: People suffering from dementia are particularly vulnerable to the gaps between the health and social service systems. Case management is a professional field that seeks to fill in these gaps and remedy this fragmentation. METHODS: We report the results of a systematic literature review of the impact of case ...
Manne Rakesh Kumar - - 2012
Odontogenic myxomas are benign but locally aggressive neoplasms found almost exclusively in the jaws and arise only occasionally in other bones. We present a rare case of odontogenic myxoma occurring in the mandible of a 19-year-old male patient with a brief review of clinical and radiological features, and diagnostic and ...
Mahdmina A - - 2012
Resorption of lateral incisors caused by impacted maxillary canines is frequently reported. However, resorption of the central incisor is less common and management of such a finding can prove to be a challenge for the clinician. This article reviews the literature of impacted canines and incisor resorption. The management of ...
Buscarino Martha - - 2012
Objectives. To explore factors underlying the onset of delusional parasitosis; a condition in which an individual has a fixed, false belief that he/she is infested with insects. Case Description. MJ is a 57-year-old female who presents with symptoms of fatigue and AD/HD. Upon treatment with extended release mixed amphetamine salts, ...
Parker Sam G - - 2012
Spontaneous mesenteric haematomas are rare. They have been reported to be associated with coagulopathies, connective tissue disorders, past trauma, arteriopathy and pancreatitis. However, some cases have been reported in which there is no apparent underlying aetiology. Here we report such a case and we review the literature that discusses optimal ...
Duong Linh M - - 2012
A literature review was conducted to identify peer-reviewed articles related to primary/preferred language and interpreter-use data collection practices in hospitals, clinics, and outpatient settings to assess its completeness and quality. In January 2011, Embase (Ovid), MEDLINE (Ovid), PubMed, and Web of Science databases were searched for eligible studies. Primary and ...
Cheng S - - 2012
We report two cases of primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenomas mistaken as renal cysts and discuss the differential diagnosis and management of this tumor.
Tiong William H C - - 2012
Ulnar nerve entrapment at the elbow is the second most common upper limb entrapment neuropathy other than carpal tunnel syndrome. There have been many causes identified ranging from chronic aging joint changes to inflammatory conditions or systemic disorders. Among them, uncommon anatomical variants accounts for a small number of cases. ...
Kota Sunil K - - 2012
Hypertriglyceridemia is a rare, but well-known cause of acute pancreatitis. A serum triglyceride level of more than 1000 to 2000 mg / dl is the identifiable risk factor. It typically presents as an episode of acute pancreatitis or recurrent acute pancreatitis. The clinical course and routine management of Hypertriglyceridemia-induced pancreatitis ...
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