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Al Khalifa Khalid - - 2013
The assessment, maintenance of competence, and recertification for surgeons have recently received increased attention from many health organizations. Assessment of physicians' competencies with multisource feedback (MSF) has become widespread in recent years. The aim of the present study was to investigate further the use of MSF for assessing surgical practice ...
Malik Ovais H - - 2013
This paper discusses the invisible orthodontic treatment modalities of Invisalign aligners, lingual appliances and aesthetic brackets. The first part of this three-part series will discuss Invisalign aligner treatment. The second part will discuss lingual appliance treatment and the third part will focus on aesthetic brackets. The benefits and drawbacks of ...
Mulvaney Kate K - - 2013
Benton County, in north-central Indiana, USA has successfully sited more than 500 turbines. To understand Benton County's acceptance of wind farms, a holistic case study was conducted that included a document review, a survey of local residents and interviews with key stakeholders. Survey questionnaires were sent to 750 residents asking ...
Brooks John K - - 2013
The practice of tooth modification dates back thousands of years and continues to be performed in some contemporary societies. There is limited information available about the dental customs in Bhutan. A 70-year-old Bhutanese woman presented with a gold disk on her maxillary anterior tooth. Both central incisors had been adorned ...
Veitz-Keenan Analia - - 2013
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Antagonistic interactions between sodium hypochlorite, chlorhexidine, EDTA, and citric acid. Rossi-Fedele G, Dovgramac─▒ EJ, Guastalli AR, Steier L, Figueiredo JA. J Endod 2012 Apr;38(4):426-31. REVIEWER: Analia Veitz-Keenan, DDS PURPOSE/QUESTION: To find evidence of the unwanted effects after the chemical combination between sodium hypochlorite, chlorhexidine, and ...
Sharif Mohammad O - - 2013
Systematic reviews are essential in summarising evidence and providing an indication of its strength and direction. This is why they often inform clinical decision making. Although the quantity of reviews published is increasing, concerns about their quality may sometimes be questioned. This paper highlights the aspects of systematic review methodology ...
Hoehner Christine M CM Division of Public Health Sciences and Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center, School of Medicine, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. - - 2013
Systematic reviews of public health interventions are useful for identifying effective strategies for informing policy and practice. The goals of this review were to (1) update a previous systematic review of physical activity interventions in Latin America which found that only school-based physical education had sufficient evidence to recommend widespread ...
Fernández Nicolás - - 2013
Ovotesticular syndrome (OTS) belongs to the group of disorders of sex development (DSD). We present a case of a patient with OTS presenting with acute labioscrotal pain. A surgical exploration was indicated, and hemorrhage was identified. A gonadectomy was performed and the final pathology report revealed an ovotestis with a ...
Murray Daniel H - - 2013
Ebullism is the spontaneous evolution of liquid water in tissues to water vapor at body temperature when the ambient pressure is 47 mmHg or less. While injuries secondary to ebullism are generally considered fatal, some reports have described recovery after exposure to near vacuum for several minutes. The objectives of ...
Porwal Amit - - 2013
Several studies have been published on the neutral zone regarding materials, techniques, and different prostheses; however, the data are incongruent, and a literature review was necessary. This review summarizes the literature on the neutral zone and identifies deficiencies suggesting future research. The English language peer-reviewed dental literature was reviewed from ...
Bergqvist D - - 2013
Aim: The aim of the study was to systematically review the literature on vascular injuries caused by acupuncture. Methods: This was a systematic literature search in Medline and PubMed. Results: Thirty-one cases were identified and the majority developed symptoms in direct connection with the acupuncture treatment. Three patients died, two ...
Jain Anoop - - 2013
Establishing a person's identity can be a difficult task in cases of traffic accidents or in mass disaster situations. The records collected to identify a decedent should be accurate and totally inclusive of objective findings. When a victim has no teeth, information for use in personal identification based on methods ...
Bento Ana - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to review the congenital malformation known as agenesis of the dorsal pancreas (ADP) and other pancreatic birth defects, based on a rare and exemplary clinical case of pancreatic malformations. The intent was to review the latest information published in the national and international literature on pancreatic ...
Harolds Jay J Division of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, Grand Rapids, MI, USA. - - 2013
There are 2 major classes of feedback. One class of feedback consists of the informal, numerous conversations between various people in the organization regarding the performance, behavior, and goals of an individual. Another class of feedback consists of formal reviews held once or twice a year between a supervisor and ...
Belizán José M - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The editor of Reproductive Health, Jose M. Belizan would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 9 (2012). Peer review is essential to the reliable communication of science and we appreciate the effort and generosity of our reviewers who give their time ...
Mousa Albeir Y - - 2013
Since initially described in 1966, radiocephalic fistula or Brescia-Cimino fistula is one of the most commonly performed fistulas in the world of arteriovenous access. The indications for insertion include, but are not limited to, hemodialysis. Although this is a frequently performed procedure, the primary and secondary patency rates and predictors ...
Falkmer Torbjörn - - 2013
At present, 'gold standard' diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is a lengthy and time consuming process that requires suitably qualified multi-disciplinary team (MDT) personnel to assess behavioural, historical, and parent-report information to determine a diagnosis. A number of different tools have been developed to assist in determination. To optimise ...
Cheng Jie - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Spontaneous malignant transformation in craniomaxillofacial fibrous dysplasia (FD) is extremely rare and its clinicopathological characteristics remain largely unknown. Here, we aimed to characterize the epidemiology and clinicopathological features of malignancies arising from preexisting FD by presenting data from a Chinese tertiary referral hospital and review of English and Chinese ...
Naeem Naghma - - 2013
Direct observation of procedural skills (DOPS) is a new workplace assessment tool. The aim of this narrative review of literature is to summarize the available evidence about the validity, reliability, feasibility, acceptability and educational impact of DOPS. A PubMed database and Google search of the literature on DOPS published from ...
Wertli Maria M - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the reporting of relevant prognostic information in a sample of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that investigated treatments for patients with chronic low back pain (LBP). We also analysed how researchers conducting the meta-analyses and systematic reviews addressed the reporting of relevant prognostic ...
Kayabu Bonnix - - 2013
This paper presents the initial data analysis for a survey to identify the attitudes towards systematic reviews and research of those involved in the humanitarian response to natural disasters and other crises; their priorities for evidence, and their preferences for accessing this information. Snowballing sampling techniques were used to recruit ...
Onitilo Adedayo A - - 2013
Accountability to authors and readers cannot exist without proper peer review practices. Thus, the information a journal seeks from its peer reviewers and how it makes use of this information is paramount. Disagreement amongst peer reviewers can be considerable, resulting in very diverse comments to authors. Incorporating a clear scoring ...
Gehanno Jean-François - - 2013
In searches for clinical trials and systematic reviews, it is said that Google Scholar (GS) should never be used in isolation, but in addition to PubMed, Cochrane, and other trusted sources of information. We therefore performed a study to assess the coverage of GS specifically for the studies included in ...
Jabir Shehab - - 2013
Introduction: The standard anatomical description of the extensor pollicis brevis tendon provided in textbooks of anatomy is at odds with that of published anatomical studies. It is crucial to the hand surgeon that he or she has a clear understanding of its anatomy, including its variations. The aim of this ...
Martini Alberto - - 2013
The Editors of Pediatric Rheumatology would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 10 (2012).
Catena Fausto - - 2013
The Editors of World Journal of Emergency Surgery would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 7 (2012).
Giustini Dean - - 2013
Google Scholar (GS) has been noted for its ability to search broadly for important references in the literature. Gehanno et al. recently examined GS in their study: 'Is Google scholar enough to be used alone for systematic reviews?' In this paper, we revisit this important question, and some of Gehanno ...
Gagnier Joel J - - 2013
A case report is a narrative that describes, for medical, scientific or educational purposes, a medical problem experienced by one or more patients. Case reports written without guidance from reporting standards are insufficiently rigorous to guide clinical practice or to inform clinical study design. Develop, disseminate and implement systematic reporting ...
Vieweg Hendryk H Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology/Neuroradiology, Westküstenklinikum Heide, Academic Teaching Hospital of the Universities of Kiel, Lübeck and Hamburg, 25746 Heide, - - 2013
Chondrosarcoma of the mandible is rare, especially in children. The available literature consists mostly of a few case reports which are partly integrated in small studies. Growing this small pool of literature is helpful in solidifying knowledge about this disease and facilitating appropriate treatment for children. Therefore, we present such ...
Lortie Christopher J CJ Department of Biology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2013
Peer review is an important element of scientific communication but deserves quantitative examination. We used data from the handling service manuscript Central for ten mid-tier ecology and evolution journals to test whether number of external reviews completed improved citation rates for all accepted manuscripts. Contrary to a previous study examining ...
Sawers Andrew B AB The Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Emory University and the Georgia Institute of Technology, 313 Ferst Dr, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA. - - 2013
Microprocessor-controlled prosthetic knees (MPKs) have been developed as an alternative to non-microprocessor-controlled knees (NMPKs) to address challenges facing individuals with lower-limb loss. A body of scientific literature comparing MPKs and NMPKs exists but has yet to be critically appraised. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review to examine outcomes associated with ...
Zammarchi Lorenzo L Infectious Disease Unit, Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Florence School of Medicine, Florence, - - 2013
Cysticercosis is caused by the invasion of human or pig tissues by the metacestode larval stage of Taenia solium. In Europe, the disease was endemic in the past but the autochthonous natural life cycle of the parasite is currently completed very rarely. Recently, imported cases have increased in parallel to ...
Zhelev Zhivko Z Peninsula Technology Assessment Group PenTAG, University of Exeter Medical School, University of Exeter, Veysey Building, Salmon Pool Lane, Exeter EX2 4SG, UK. - - 2013
Cochrane reviews are one of the best known and most trusted sources of evidence-based information in health care. While steps have been taken to make Cochrane intervention reviews accessible to a diverse readership, little is known about the accessibility of the newcomer to the Cochrane library: diagnostic test accuracy reviews ...
Ramenaden Emeline Radhika ER Department of Ophthalmology, George Washington University, Washington, DC, - - 2013
Infection is a very important but rare cause of scleritis, occurring in about 5%-10% of all patients presenting with scleral inflammation. However, due to the similarity of its presentation, infectious scleritis is often initially managed as autoimmune, potentially further worsening its outcome. The overall visual outcome in infectious scleritis is ...
Malik Rena D RD The University of Chicago Medicine & Biological Sciences, Chicago, - - 2013
We highlight a case on a normal left testicle with a fibrovascular cord with three nodules consistent with splenic tissue. The torsed splenule demonstrated hemorrhage with neutrophilic infiltrate and thrombus consistent with chronic infarction and torsion. Splenogonadal fusion (SGF) is a rather rare entity, with approximately 184 cases reported in ...
Gagnier Joel J JJ Global Advances in Health and Medicine, Portland, OR, USA. - - 2013
A case report is a narrative that describes, for medical, scientific, or educational purposes, a medical problem experienced by one or more patients. Case reports written without guidance from reporting standards are insufficiently rigorous to guide clinical practice or to inform clinical study design.Primary Objective. Develop, disseminate, and implement systematic ...
Goergen Stacy K - - 2013
The written radiology report is the dominant method by which radiologists communicate the results of diagnostic and interventional imaging procedures. It has an important impact on decisions about further investigation and management. Its form and content can be influential in reducing harm to patients and mitigating risk for practitioners but ...
Fajardo Geroncio C - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: The main objective of this study is to review information within the situation reports (SITREPs) and incident notices (INs) prepared by the Division of Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response/Epidemiology Surveillance and Response Branch, (DBPR/ESRB), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The secondary objective is to evaluate accuracy and completeness ...
Mercer L - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To undertake a critical review of the literature on emotional processing (EP) in bipolar patients in remission. This literature review focuses on a number of dimensions of EP including facial emotion recognition, emotional memory, affective theory of mind (ToM), affective attention and affective auditory information processing. METHODS: A systematic ...
Verhelst L - - 2012
The aim of this review is to evaluate the current available literature evidencing on peri-articular hip endoscopy (the third compartment). A comprehensive approach has been set on reports dealing with endoscopic surgery for recalcitrant trochanteric bursitis, snapping hip (or coxa-saltans; external and internal), gluteus medius and minimus tears and endoscopy ...
Wilson Kevin C - - 2012
Introduction: Professional societies, like many other organizations around the world, have recognized the need to use rigorous processes to ensure that health care recommendations are informed by the best available research evidence. This is the twelfth of a series of 14 articles that were prepared to advise guideline developers in ...
Saokaew Surasak - - 2012
ABSTRACT The study objective was to assess methodological quality of opioid conversion systematic reviews. The electronic databases PubMed, EMBASE, and Scopus were used to identify the systematic reviews from the earliest available date until April 2012. Studies were not restricted based on type of opioid, country, or languages. Methodological quality ...
- - 2012
Welcome to the first issue of ChemComm in 2013. We would like to share with you some of our highlights from what has been a very busy year, as well as inform you of some new developments for the journal. We want to wish all our authors, readers and reviewers ...
Wey Shiuan-Li - - 2012
The primary neuroectodermal tumor of the ovary is extremely rare, and it manifests in 3 forms: differentiated, primitive, and anaplastic. The medulloblastoma belongs to the subgroup of primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the ovary. Only 3 cases of ovarian medulloblastoma have been reported in the literature, and all of them are ...
Arendt Elizabeth A - - 2012
The diagnosis of and treatment for musculoskeletal disease and injuries have seen an explosion of new knowledge. More precise imaging, correlative injury anatomy, more focused physical examination features, among others, have led this upsurge of current insight. Crucial to this knowledge revolution is the expansion of international knowledge, which is ...
Nso-Roca A P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Amazia is a rare breast anomaly. It consists of the absence of the mammary gland, with normal nipple-areola complex. It usually presents associated with a syndrome and it can be diagnosed during infancy or at the beginning of puberty. CASE: Here we report a case of a 13-year-old female ...
McHugh Brian J - - 2012
The etiology of os odontoideum has been debated in the literature since the condition was initially described. The authors present the case of a 4-year-old girl who was found to have an os odontoideum with atlantoaxial instability after a motor vehicle collision. Imaging performed 3 years earlier demonstrated an incompletely ...
Steinhauser Georg - - 2012
Peer review is a widely accepted instrument for raising the quality of science. Peer review limits the enormous unstructured influx of information and the sheer amount of dubious data, which in its absence would plunge science into chaos. In particular, peer review offers the benefit of eliminating papers that suffer ...
Kohn Sivan - - 2012
Experts generally agree that individuals will require partial or complete self-sufficiency for at least the first 72 hours following a disaster. In the face of pervasive environmental and weather hazards, emerging biological threats, and growing population densities in urban areas, personal preparedness is critical. However, disaster planners and policymakers require ...
Beentjes Titus A A - - 2012
PURPOSE:  Bipolar mania is characterized by marked impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. One should expect to see an equally severe burden in informal caregivers. The literature was reviewed in order to provide a foundation upon which to build nursing interventions. CONCLUSIONS:  Several characteristics of bipolar ...
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