Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 994
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Banerjee M - - 2007
We conducted an analytic case-control study in Kala-azar patients during Sodium Antimony Gluconate (SAG) therapy to assess the changes in serum copper. A total of 89 subjects were included in the study. Diagnosed patients of Kala-azar with parasitological evidence of Leishmania Donovani (LD) bodies in bone marrow, were selected as ...
Mazumdar Atmadeep - - 2007
The Haddon matrix is a potential tool for recognizing hazards in any operating engineering system. This paper presents a case study of operational hazards at a large construction site. The fish bone structure helps to visualize and relate the chain of events, which led to the failure of the system. ...
Holland Jason M - - 2007
Prior narrative and quantitative reviews have suggested that personal construct therapy (PCT) is an efficacious and viable form of treatment. However, these reviews failed to include all published, controlled PCT outcome studies and did not account for all measures of outcome. The present quantitative review, therefore, offers a comprehensive integration ...
O'Loughlin Rosalyn E - - 2007
From June to November 2005, 18 cases of community-acquired Legionnaires' disease (LD) were reported in Rapid City South Dakota. We conducted epidemiologic and environmental investigations to identify the source of the outbreak. We conducted a case-control study that included the first 13 cases and 52 controls randomly selected from emergency ...
Roman E - - 2007
The United Kingdom Childhood Cancer Study was designed to examine the relation between childhood cancer and preceding exposure to infectious diseases. The authors analyzed the relation between diagnosis (1991-1996) of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) at ages 2-5 years and clinically diagnosed infections in infancy. Almost all study children (96% of ...
Kurita Masatake - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To report 3 cases of severe behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) in Alzheimer's disease (AD) with fluvoxamine treatment and to discuss the treatment implications for use of the drug. CASE SUMMARY: An 83-year-old woman was diagnosed with AD. Before treatment, she showed sudden irritation and excitement. Her ...
Jacobs Werner - - 2006
Fatalities resulting from emergency vehicle crashes are relatively rare. Mortality, particularly in the case of unbelted occupants, is relatively high. Data on drunken (handcuffed) arrestees jumping out of a moving police vehicle or the circumstances of such events have not been published. Two cases of such fatalities are described in ...
Kiernan Thomas J - - 2007
An 85-year-old woman with renal impairment and hypothyroidism was commenced on high dose simvastatin (80 mg) for better lipid control. Shortly after this she developed severe muscular weakness and laboratory evidence of rhabdomyolysis. Despite having hypothyroidism controlled for years with L-thyroxine (100 mcg), her biochemistry now reflected a hypothyroid state ...
Rubin David T - - 2006
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Aminosalicylates have been suggested as chemopreventive agents for colorectal cancer (CRC) in ulcerative colitis (UC). We studied the effect of aminosalicylate use on dysplasia and CRC risk in chronic UC. METHODS: UC patients with dysplasia or CRC were matched with controls by disease duration, extent, and age ...
Töro Klára - - 2007
AIMS: To determine the frequency of extramedullary haematopoiesis (EMH) in sudden infant death and control cases, and to provide descriptive data on extramedullary haematopoietic islands and diffuse cells. METHODS: The study was carried out in 51 SIDS and 102 non-SIDS cases. Liver-tissue sections were stained with haematoxylin and eosin, and ...
Birmingham C L - - 2006
Rumination is defined as regurgitation of partially digested food that is subsequently re-chewed and then swallowed or ejected by mouth. We report a case of rumination and a review of selected literature to emphasize: 1. Risk factors for rumination in eating disorders are unknown, 2. A history of rumination must ...
Wen-kui Geng - - 2006
To improve the detection and control of infectious diseases in Guangxi, China. Guangxi province in southwest China has almost 50 million people, of whom approximately 30% reside in urban and 70% in rural areas. There are 12 minority nationality groups living in the region. A village doctor reports any infectious ...
Rafnsson Vilhjalmur - - 2006
Organochlorines have been linked with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in epidemiological studies. We elucidate the importance of hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH), an organochlorine insecticide, in the aetiology of NHL among individuals with dermal exposure to HCH. This is a case-control study nested in a cohort of sheep owners, collected from records on sheep ...
Falagas M E - - 2006
A systematic review of matched cohort and case-control studies was performed to examine the mortality attributable to candidemia. The review included studies that compared mortality of patients with candidemia (cases) to that of matched patients without candidemia (controls). Secondary variables examined were the length and cost of hospital stay. Relevant ...
Kalomenidis Ioannis - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the current literature concerning the role of somatostatin and its synthetic analogue, octreotide, in the treatment of chylothorax. RECENT FINDINGS: Management of chylothorax includes evacuation of the pleural cavity through a chest tube to alleviate dyspnoea, and dietary fat restriction aimed at reducing lymph ...
Handoko Kim B - - 2006
PURPOSE: To assess the association between exposure to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and the occurrence of aplastic anemia. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study was conducted using data from the U.K. General Practitioners Research Database (GPRD). Cases were defined as patients diagnosed with aplastic anemia. For each case, up to three control ...
Shefi Shai - - 2006
Male infertility affects 10% of reproductive aged couples worldwide and is treatable in many cases. In addition to other well-described etiologies, genetic causes of male infertility are now more commonly diagnosed. Using principles of evidence-based medicine, this review outlines diagnostic and treatments options to inform clinical management. In order of ...
Bloom Michael S - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a highly prevalent disorder among postmenarcheal premenopausal women, accounting for much of anovulatory infertility, and it is associated with several comorbidities. The natural history of PCOS, as well as hypotheses regarding its etiology, facilitates employment of the case-control study design. However, a review of ...
Patel Raj K - - 2006
Budd-Chiari Syndrome (BCS) results from obstruction to hepatic venous outflow, with myeloproliferative disorder (MPD) accounting for up to 40% of cases. A number of BCS cases labelled as "idiopathic" do not fulfill the diagnostic criteria for MPD but have features suggestive of a latent form based on hyperplastic bone marrow ...
Ahmad M S - - 2006
An etiological and epidemiological study of oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) has been done in Patna, Bihar. Total 157 cases of OSMF and 135 control subjects were selected for study in the period of 2002-2004. It was observed that Male:Female ratio was 2.7:1. The youngest case of OSMF was 11 year ...
Nishiura Hiroshi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Among the potential uses of Yersinia pestis, intentional release of its aerosolized form, causing person-to-person transmission, is thought to be the most threatening. With the current rarity of pneumonic plague epidemics, our epidemiological knowledge remains insufficient for detailed characterization of effective control measures. METHODS: Temporal patterns and key biological ...
Schenkel K - - 2006
In April 2004, increased numbers of hepatitis A were noted in six neighbouring districts in Germany. Exploratory interviews showed that patients had consumed bakery products from company X where two employees had been diagnosed with hepatitis A in February. A case-control study of consumption of products of company X was ...
Horton Benjamin P - - 2006
Diatoms are a group of unicellular algae that have been recorded and classified for over 200 years and have been used in a range of applications in forensic science. We have developed a quantitative diatom-based reconstruction technique to confirm drowning as a cause of death and localize the site of ...
Kerr-Pontes Ligia R S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Brazil reports almost 80% of all leprosy cases in the Americas. This study aimed to identify socioeconomic, environmental, and behavioural factors associated with risk of leprosy occurrence in the endemic North-eastern region. METHODS: A case-control study in four municipalities. Cases: cases of leprosy diagnosed in the previous 2 years, ...
Gackstetter Gary D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A proposed explanation for the observed higher risk of fatal motor vehicle crashes (MVC) among 1991 Gulf War-deployed veterans is neurocognitive deficits resulting from nerve agent exposure at Khamisiyah, Iraq. Our objective was to assess any association between postwar fatal MVC and possible nerve agent exposure based on 2000 ...
You Joyce H S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Social marginalization and stigmatization in usual medical care setting may refrain female sex workers (FSWs) from seeking usual medical care for sexually transmitted infections in Hong Kong. GOAL: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of using an outreach approach for treatment and prevention of gonorrhea and chlamydia among FSWs. STUDY DESIGN: ...
Mailles A - - 2006
In April 2002, five cases of fascioliasis were diagnosed in Tourcoing. A case-finding and a case-control study were carried out to identify the source of the outbreak and take appropriate control measures. Eighteen cases were identified through the medical laboratories carrying out serology for fascioliasis. Fourteen cases and 23 controls, ...
Louis Elan D - - 2006
Essential tremor (ET) is a common neurological disorder. Its etiology and pathogenesis are not well understood and several environmental factors (i.e., toxicants) have been studied. Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) are potent tremor-producing chemicals. These pervasive environmental contaminants have been linked with other tremor disorders (e.g., Parkinson's disease) but they have not ...
Byard Roger W - - 2006
The significance of haemolytic staining of the aorta is unclear. While it has been associated with freshwater drowning, data are lacking. To study this phenomenon further a prospective study looking at the colour of the intima of the pulmonary trunk and aortic root was undertaken in 47 randomly selected coronial ...
Forest Products Laboratory (U.S.)
Information reviewed and reaffirmed, March 1956.
Pomara G - - 2006
A 32-year-old male presented to our department for recurrent epistaxis during sexual intercourses. The patient controlled the bleeding each time with sponge packs and gauzes. During the consultation, he volunteered that the trigger for the epistaxis appeared to have been misuse of phosphodiesterase (PDE)-5 inhibitors, Viagra and Cialis. This first ...
Ustünsöz Bahri - - 2006
PURPOSE: To report our experience with 10 cases of bronchial artery embolization (BAE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 18 cases (11 men and 7 women between 21 and 81 years of age, average 52 years), whose massive hemoptyses could not be controlled with conservative and bronchoscopic methods and were ...
Kristensen Mie E - - 2006
A police case with a strangulated woman with fingermarks on the neck and two suspects identifying each other as the perpetrator set off a laboratory experiment. Twenty-one males participated in the study. Blue paint was applied to their fingers, after which they grasped a neck dummy and pressed hard as ...
Lee Margie D - - 2006
Epidemiological studies indicate that Campylobacter species may be responsible for the majority of cases of sporadic gastroenteritis in humans. These studies also suggest that poultry may be one of the most common sources of the bacteria for humans. Campylobacter and related genera in the family Campylobacteraceae are oral and intestinal ...
Janes Holly - - 2006
The case-control design is frequently used to study the discriminatory accuracy of a screening or diagnostic biomarker. Yet, the appropriate ratio in which to sample cases and controls has never been determined. It is common for researchers to sample equal numbers of cases and controls, a strategy that can be ...
Cummings Peter - - 2006
A number of published case-control studies have reported that bicycle helmets are associated with a reduced risk of head injury and brain injury among bicyclists who crashed. A paper in this journal offered several criticisms of these studies and of a systematic review of these studies. Many of those criticisms ...
Ihekweazu C - - 2006
In August 2004 seven cases of Escherichia coli O157 infection were identified in children on holiday in Cornwall, southwest England, all of whom had stayed at different sites in the area. Isolates from all seven cases were confirmed as E. coli serogroup O157 phage type 21/28. We carried out a ...
Mashkevich Grigoriy - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This report describes a case of a malignant cylindroma arising in the external auditory canal. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective surgical case review. SETTING: Tertiary care teaching hospital. INTERVENTION: Wide local excision with margin control. RESULTS: Local control of disease at 2-year follow-up. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the first ...
Roberts C - - 2006
There are two parts to this paper. In the first part we report 18 cases of bilateral scapho-trapezio-trapezoid osteoarthrosis associated with uni- or bilateral scapholunate dissociation. This case series was followed prospectively using repeat clinical assessments and radiographs. We were able to document the progression of both the clinical manifestations ...
Herdeiro Maria T - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Pharmacists can play a fundamental role in adverse drug reaction (ADR) reporting, although the factors that affect underreporting among these professionals are unknown. The objectives of this study were to identify (i) professional or demographic characteristics; and (ii) attitudes associated with pharmacists' ADR reporting in northern Portugal. METHODS: We ...
Blomgren Kerstin J - - 2006
Quality assurance and quality control are important for the reliability of case-control studies. Here we describe the procedures used in a previously published study, with emphasis on interviewer variability. To evaluate risk factors for acute pancreatitis, information including previous diagnoses and medication was collected from medical records and by telephone ...
Rota Jadranka - - 2006
Cases of mimicry provide many of the nature's most convincing examples of natural selection. Here we report evidence for a case of predator mimicry in which metalmark moths in the genus Brenthia mimic jumping spiders, one of their predators. In controlled trials, Brenthia had higher survival rates than other similarly ...
Peterson Jennifer - - 2006
Exogenous copper is a well-known cause of blue-green dyspigmentation of the hair, nails, and skin. We report the case of a patient with a blue-green discoloration of multiple seborrheic keratoses on his chest and back after swimming in a pool for rehabilitation of a back injury. Metallic analysis using atomic ...
McPherson Michelle E - - 2006
A multi-jurisdiction case control study was conducted after an increase of Salmonella Typhimurium phage type 135 notifications (a local designated subgroup) was observed throughout Australia. Hypothesis generating interviews conducted in three jurisdictions identified consumption of chicken, eggs, beef and bagged carrots as common among cases and that a high proportion ...
Park Eun-Sil - - 2006
Rice soup is a traditional Korean food administered to control diarrhea. Useful for short-term control of diarrhea, chronic consumption of this soup can cause problems. We treated an infant who visited our hospital for symptoms of lethargy due to hypoelectrolytemia, which developed from the continuous consumption of rice soup (the ...
Vanacore N - - 2005
Multiple system atrophy (MSA), is a sporadic neurodegenerative disorder characterized clinically by any combination of parkinsonian, autonomic, cerebellar or pyramidal symptoms and signs. The frequence of disease is estimated for the incidence rate to 0.6 cases per 100.000 person-years, while the prevalence rate is included between 1.86 and 4.9 cases ...
Morales-Suárez-Varela Maria M - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Mycosis Fungoides (MF) is a rare disease with an occurrence indicating that occupational exposures may play a role. To estimate the association between MF and occupational exposures as measured by means of an job-exposure matrix (JEM). METHODS: A European multicenter case-control study was conducted from 1995 to 1997 and ...
Nyrén Miruna - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to perform a population-based follow-up of people with childhood atopic dermatitis with respect to the possible influence on their worklife. METHODS: Medical records of the school health care services in Stockholm, Sweden, were reviewed for people born between 1960 and 1969. Altogether 600 ...
Mezei Gabor - - 2006
Based on the epidemiological association between residential exposure to extremely low frequency-magnetic fields (ELF-MF) and childhood leukaemia, the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified ELF-MF as a possible human carcinogen. Since clear supportive laboratory evidence is lacking and biophysical plausibility of carcinogenicity of MFs is questioned, a causal relationship ...
Finkelstein Eric A - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Although the case-crossover design has been used widely in epidemiological and cost-offset studies as an alternative to the case-control design, it is rarely applied to cost-of-illness studies. In this study, costs for a series of hospitalized and nonhospitalized fall-related injuries were computed using the 2 approaches to allow for ...
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