Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1046
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Lynch Frank C - - 2011
Patients may be denied the opportunity to have their inferior vena cava (IVC) filters removed because of a perception that retrievable filters that have been in place for a long period of time may be more technically difficult or hazardous to remove. A case report on the removal of a ...
Kassavin Daniel S - - 2011
While prior reports have demonstrated intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) deployment to be feasible, larger reviews using the latest generation of filters in the nontrauma setting are absent. We review our experience with the deployment of 104 IVCFs using IVUS, whereby we transition from a combined use ...
Shang Eric K - - 2011
Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are frequently placed to prevent pulmonary embolism in patients in whom anticoagulation is contraindicated or ineffective. Delayed erosion of the filter into adjacent vital structures is a rare complication. We report 3 complications of IVC filters managed with both surgical and endovascular therapies. A review ...
Siu Sylvia Ly - - 2011
It has been well recognized that intra-thoracic surgery is a major cause of chylothorax in the newborn period; however, catheter-related thrombosis could also be a cause. We report a preterm baby who presented with right chylothorax secondary to venous thrombosis postinadvertent right internal jugular vein catheterization. The complication resolved with ...
Yong-Hwi An - - 2011
The petrosquamosal (PSS) is an embryonic emissary vein of the temporal bone in humans and connects the intra- and extracranial venous networks. Few reports in the recent literature provide detailed descriptions of PSSs that are found before or during surgeries. We report the presence of PSS in two patients with ...
- - 2011
The petrosquamosal (PSS) is an embryonic emissary vein of the temporal bone in humans and connects the intra- and extracranial venous networks. Few reports in the recent literature provide detailed descriptions of PSSs that are found before or during surgeries. We report the presence of PSS in two patients with ...
Tisi Paul V - - 2011
Varicose veins are caused by poorly functioning valves in the veins, and decreased elasticity of the vein wall, allowing pooling of blood within the veins, and their subsequent enlargement. Varicose veins affect up to 40% of adults, and are more common in obese people, and in women who have had ...
Waseem Muhammad - - 2011
Lower-extremity swelling is an uncommon presentation in a pediatric emergency department. Deep venous thrombosis is one of the common differential diagnoses in a patient with an underlying predisposing factor. We report a case of a previously healthy adolescent without any risk factor for thromboembolism presented with deep venous thrombosis. The ...
Hamzaoui Amira - - 2011
The diagnosis of Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) is difficult, especially when abdominal symptoms precede cutaneous lesions. We report three cases of adult HSP revealed by gastrointestinal (GI) involvement.
Puvabanditsin Surasak - - 2011
A case is described of a neonate with a four-vessel umbilical cord containing two arteries and two veins. This was due to a rare persistence of the caudal portion of the right umbilical vein. The infant had multiple congenital anomalies including a complete atrioventricular canal, an interrupted inferior vena cava, ...
Ahamed Riyaaz - - 2011
Recent literature reports an increased incidence of venous thrombosis following thalidomide use in the treatment of diseases with disease-related thrombotic risks such as malignancy, as well as concomitant use with chemotherapy and/or systemic corticosteroids. We report a case of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) following thalidomide use ...
Kanellopoulou Theoni T 2 Department of Internal Medicine, Medical School, University of Athens, Hippokration General Hospital, Athens, - - 2011
Patients with autoimmune disorders seem to have an elevated risk of lymphoma, especially non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). The increased risk has been attributed to the disturbance of immune function found in these patients or to the immunosuppressive therapy used to treat the autoimmune disorders. However, little information exists about the estimated ...
Moss Aj A Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Norfolk, - - 2011
Traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the axillary artery is a rare sequel of shoulder injury. We report here a unique phenomenon of delayed presentation axillary pseudoaneurysm some time after an initial blunt injury, with no evidence of gross bony injury. The gentleman presented again some weeks later after a failure of rehabilitation ...
Takahashi Satoshi - - 2010
We report a 55-year-old man with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis presenting as acute subdural hematoma. He was treated with an intravenous infusion of heparin sodium and the occluded superior sagittal sinus was recanalized. According to our literature review, acute subdural hematoma caused by cerebral venous sinus thrombosis is relatively rare, ...
Mehanna R - - 2010
Pulsatile tinnitus is a rare yet potentially disabling symptom that can have either vascular or nonvascular etiologies. A recently described vascular cause is an aneurysm of dural venous sinuses. To our knowledge, eight of such cases have been published, five of which were treated surgically and three by endovascular approach. ...
Singh Onkar - - 2011
Background: Isolated renal trauma in case of blunt trauma abdomen (BTA) is not common. Renal artery occlusion by thrombosis in such cases is seen very rarely. These cases had been traditionally treated by early nephrectomy, but nowadays, renal preservation is considered whenever possible. Treatment options to do so are being ...
Chick Rebecca S - - 2010
We describe a case of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) skin infection leading to bilateral cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) and subsequent left eye blindness in a previously healthy, immunocompetent woman. A secondary objective is to document all published cases of MRSA induced CST. To identify all relevant publications on MRSA-induced ...
Yang Hyeon Jong - - 2010
Asthma that is poorly controlled despite adequate treatment should be investigated for medication compliance, treatment adherence, environmental control, asthma mimics, and comorbidities especially in infants and young children. Here, the case of a 2-year-old child with refractory asthma coexisting with a double aortic arch is reported.
Kapetanakis S - - 2010
The inferior vena cava, also known as the posterior vena cava, is the large vein that carries de-oxygenated blood from the lower half of the body into the right atrium of the heart. Congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava result from the persistence of the embryonic venous system. The ...
Mirer Franklin E - - 2010
Metalworking fluids (MWF) are used in the manufacture of engines, transmissions, chassis parts and other products. In 2003, OSHA denied a union petition to promulgate a standard for MWF. The 3rd Circuit Court of Appeals rejected a union lawsuit to compel OSHA to regulate MWF. OSHA relied exclusively on the ...
Kinhal Vidyadhar A - - 2010
Connective tissue tumors of pancreas are uncommon, among them pancreatic schwannoma is very rare tumor, very few cases were reported in literature. Aggressive resections like whipple's procedure, or distal pancreatectomy are not necessary for pancreatic schwannoma as it rarely goes to malignant change and simple enuclation is sufficient.In our patient ...
Pu Danhua - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In view of the controversies about the skewed X chromosome inactivation (XCI) and premature ovarian failure (POF) association, a meta-analysis of the published data was performed to evaluate the relationship between XCI skewing and POF. METHODS: We searched for all published articles indexed in MEDLINE (1950 approximately 2009) and ...
Simonian Sharis M - - 2010
The objective of this review is to explore and challenge the superiority of amiodarone for rate control in Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome and concomitant atrial fibrillation (WPW-AF). The current recommendation for pharmacological treatment of this condition is amiodarone. A review of the past 25 years of literature finds several studies that identify ...
Claborn David M - - 2010
Vector control remains a key component of many anti-leishmaniasis programs and probably will remain so until an effective vaccine becomes available. Technologies similar to those used for control of adult mosquitoes, specifically interior residual sprays and insecticide-treated nets, are currently at the forefront as disease control measures. This article provides ...
Saverino Benjamin P - - 2010
Several previous studies have evaluated the usefulness of plain abdominal radiographs for the diagnosis of pediatric intussusception, although investigation of the most specific clues to diagnose intussusception has not been studied alone. The 3 most specific findings of intussusception include intraluminal mass or intussusceptum, nonvisualized air-filled cecum, and obscured liver ...
Thevis Mario - - 2010
The annual update of the list of prohibited substances and doping methods as issued by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) allows the implementation of most recent considerations of performance manipulation and emerging therapeutics into human sports doping control programmes. The annual banned-substance review for human doping controls critically summarizes recent ...
Franchini Massimo - - 2010
Severe bleeding remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in obstetrics. The first-line standard treatment of massive postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) includes medical measures directed at improving uterine tone, replacement of lost intravascular volume, blood and coagulation factors, and surgical or invasive procedures. Recently, a number of case reports or ...
Majumdar A - - 2010
Haemorrhage is one of the leading global causes of maternal mortality. The Rüsch balloon has been used in the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) after failure of medical management. It is often effective in tamponading uterine bleeding, thus providing an alternative to hysterectomy. We describe a series of 22 cases ...
Hübner N-O - - 2010
Octenidine dihydrochloride (octenidine) was introduced for skin, mucous membrane and wound antisepsis more than 20 years ago. Until now, a wealth of knowledge has been gained, including in vitro and animal studies on efficacy, tolerance, safety and clinical experience both from case reports and prospective controlled trials. Nowadays, octenidine is ...
McCarthy Eoghan M - - 2010
Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rare disorder, often requiring high doses of immunosuppressive therapy to control its potentially life-threatening consequences. The advent of biological agents has added to the armamentarium available to treat RP, but the lack of controlled trials, along with the small numbers of patients and disease heterogeneity ...
Elder D P - - 2010
This review summarizes the analytical approaches reported in the literature relating to epoxide and hydroperoxide impurities. It is intended that it should provide guidance for analysts faced by the need to control such impurities, particularly where this is due to concerns relating to their potential genotoxicity. An extensive search of ...
Grimes David A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To review published articles in four U.S. obstetrics and gynecology journals labeled "case-control" studies to estimate the frequency of mislabeling the type of study. METHODS: I searched PubMed from January 1970 through May 2009, using journal name and "case-control" in the title as search terms. The journals included the ...
Gouveia Liliana O - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The association between methylenotetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677TT and the increased risk of venous thrombosis is uncertain. Studies of this polymorphism in cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) are inconclusive. OBJECTIVES: With a systematic review, we aimed to collect all case-control studies comparing the frequency of this polymorphism in CVT patients (cases) ...
Meyer Tanya K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The larynx is an amazingly versatile musculocartilaginous organ with complex sensory and motor responsibilities which allow functional coordination of the upper aerodigestive tract. REVIEW SUMMARY: Phylogeny, anatomy, and function of the larynx are reviewed. The major laryngeal responsibilities are phonation, deglutition, control of respiration, and airway protection. Although phonation ...
Harris J P - - 2010
We carried out a review of published, peer-reviewed articles to assess the evidence for effectiveness of control measures during norovirus outbreaks in enclosed settings. There were 47 papers identified for review, some of which reported more than one outbreak, providing 72 outbreaks for analysis. We extracted the following data items: ...
Zammit Gerard V - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review of case control studies. OBJECTIVES: To identify and analyze demographic and structural factors associated with hallux limitus/rigidus. METHODS: A literature search was conducted across several electronic databases (Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PubMed) using the following terms: hallux limitus, hallux rigidus, metatarsophalangeal joint, and big toe. Methodological ...
Kovoor Philip A - - 2009
PURPOSE: Our purpose is to perform a comprehensive literature review of the use of levoleucovorin in gastrointestinal malignancies and to assess whether levoleucovorin is a reasonable alternative to racemic leucovorin. DESIGN: This is an extensive literature review of levoleucovorin use in patients with gastrointestinal tract malignancies. Our review revealed 125 ...
Macedo Maria Filomena - - 2009
The presence and deteriorating action of micro-organisms on monuments and stone works of art have received considerable attention in the last few years. Knowledge of the microbial populations living on stone materials is the starting point for successful conservation treatment and control. This paper reviews the literature on cyanobacteria and ...
Miller B G - - 2010
PURPOSE: Published case-control studies of risks of leukaemia following low exposures to benzene in the distribution of petroleum (gasoline) have not all identified the same level of risk, but the studies have had differences in cohort inclusion, case determination and availability of occupational and lifestyle data. We reviewed the quality ...
Allen Allyssa J - - 2009
Given the wealth of data in the literature on schizophrenia endophenotypes, it is useful to have one source to reference their frequency data. We reviewed the literature on disease-liability associated variants in structural and functional magnetic resonance images (MRI), sensory processing measures, neuromotor abilities, neuropsychological measures, and physical characteristics in ...
Jebasingh K F - - 2009
We report pheochromocytoma and haemophilia occurring in a 19-year-old South Indian man. To the best of our knowledge, this case is the first of its kind to be reported in the medical literature. The patient had bilateral adrenal pheochromocytomas with an extradrenal pheochromocytoma on the left side, and was successfully ...
Flynn Michael R - - 2009
Exposure to manganese dusts and fumes may cause a clinical neurological syndrome called manganism. Welders are frequently exposed to manganese-containing fumes generated by electric arcs and thermal torches. This paper reviews studies on the association between exposure to such welding fumes and neurological disease. Using the IRSST expert panel criteria, ...
Vrijheid Martine - - 2009
PURPOSE: To quantitatively assess the impact of selection bias caused by nonparticipation in a multinational case-control study of mobile phone use and brain tumor. METHODS: Non-response questionnaires (NRQ) were completed by a sub-set of nonparticipants. Selection bias factors were calculated based on the prevalence of mobile phone use reported by ...
Xu T - - 2009
A 36-year-old Chinese man presented to the emergency department with a steel hoop entrapment on his penis for 10 h. The constricting steel hoop was 20 mm in external diameter, 18 mm in internal diameter and 15 mm wide. To cut off the steel hoop an orthopaedic fret-saw and pinchers ...
Seidel David - - 2009
Biological plausibility and evidence from case series indicate that an increased body mass index could be a risk factor for Barrett's esophagus. The aim of this study was to assemble and appraise the available evidence on the association of body mass index and Barrett's esophagus in a narrative approach. A ...
Shinwell E S - - 2009
Perinatal corticosteroids are like a double-edged sword. On the one hand, they reduce risk for major morbidity and even mortality; on the other hand, they modify growth and development of body systems, with short- and long-term consequences. The relationship between corticosteroids and neurodevelopmental outcome has been extensively studied in randomized ...
de Lau Lonneke M L - - 2008
Ischemic stroke is associated with leucocyte activation. Activated leucocytes release elastase, an enzyme that can degrade fibrinogen. Fibrinogen elastase degradation products (FgEDP) may serve as a specific marker of elastase proteolytic activity. In a case-control study of 111 ischemic stroke patients and 119 controls, significantly higher FgEDP levels were observed ...
Handa K K - - 2008
Post traumatic pseudoaneurysm is a well documented complication of vascular injuries which needs early diagnosis and early management otherwise there may be significant morbidity and mortality. We present a patient who had been operated elsewhere for a foreign body lodged in neck during splinter injury sustained while bursting a cracker. ...
Romanenko A - - 2008
There are relatively few data on the risk of leukemia among those exposed to external radiation during cleanup operations after the Chornobyl nuclear accident, and results have not been consistent. To investigate this further, we assembled a cohort of 110,645 male cleanup workers from Ukraine and identified cases of leukemia ...
Smith R P - - 2009
Companion animals owned by human patients with cryptosporidiosis (cases) and those animals owned by the wider human population (controls), were studied to determine whether Cryptosporidium was more likely to be excreted by case animals than controls. A total of 280 recently voided faecal samples (114 case animals and 166 control ...
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