Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 660
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Kolokotronis A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Granulomatous cheilitis (GC) is a very rare disorder of unknown etiology. Clinically, GC is characterised by recurrent swelling of the labial tissues, which may be followed by a permanent enlargement. Histologically, the typical form of GC is characterised by the formation of scattered aggregates of non-caseating granulomas. GC is ...
Blanco R - - 1997
A case of autoimmune disease-associated lymphadenopathy (ADAL) with histological, immunophenotypic, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in situ hybridization, and genotypic analyses is presented. The patient had a well-documented history of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and was found at autopsy to have massive lymphadenopathy, thymic enlargement, pulmonary nodules, and polyclonal serum dysproteinemia. Histological ...
Orth T - - 1997
Tuberculosis is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromising diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). It often is difficult to distinguish between central nervous system (CNS) involvement and infectious complications in SLE. We report the case of a 30-year-old woman with active SLE and severe tuberculous meningoencephalitis. ...
Stankeviciute N - - 1997
Patients with mesangial proliferative lupus glomerulonephritis (World Health Organization class II) are generally believed to have only mild to moderate proteinuria and normal renal function. However, there have been several reports of patients with mesangial lupus with nephrotic-range proteinuria. In this report, we present two additional cases and review the ...
Alikhan M - - 1997
A case of colonic carcinoma is described in a 60-yr-old woman with the typical clinical and histopathologic features of collagenous colitis and systemic lupus erythematosus, who is doing well 24 months after undergoing a subtotal colectomy with Brooke ileostomy. Collagenous colitis has only rarely been previously reported in association with ...
Afeltra A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The association of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and multiple myeloma (MM) is an uncommon event. We report the relapse of SLE in a patient with a previous history of MM, treated with chemotherapy and, subsequently, with alpha-2b interferon (alpha-2b IFN) as a maintenance therapy. The case is discussed in ...
Frias-Iniesta J - - 1997
We report the case of a 20-year-old man, who was born with an intense erythema of the genital area, unresponsive to any treatment employed. When he was 9 months old, he presented with well-defined hyperkeratotic erythematous plaques around the mouth, eyes, nose, and perianal area, with similar plaques on the ...
Serrat Soto A - - 1997
A case of oral sarcoidosis involving the tongue and buccal region is reported in a 56-year-old woman. Intraoral presentations of sarcoidosis are uncommon, and sarcoidosis of the tongue is particularly rare. In this case the tongue lesion was asymptomatic, and unusual clinical behavior. In this article, we review the clinical ...
Pizzuti P - - 1997
Microscopic polyangiitis, a condition recently differentiated from macroscopic periarteritis nodosa, is characterized by small vessel damage, pauciimmune necrotizing glomerulonephritis and presence of perinuclear anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (p-ANCA). Arthralgia is a common symptom often present early in the disease, and other joint manifestations have also been reported. We report a case ...
Yesudian P D - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Pemphigus is a group of vesiculobullous disorders in which the blisters usually heal with hyper or hypopigmentation. The appearance of acanthomata at sites of previous blisters has been noted in some cases. METHODS: All cases of pemphigus admitted to the Madras Medical College hospitals during a 2-year period from ...
Jones M S - - 1997
Sarcoidosis is an idiopathic granulomatous disease with many cutaneous manifestations and a known predilection for scars and areas of previous trauma. We report the first case of systemic sarcoidosis presenting in only the black dye of a tattoo. The skin manifestations of sarcoidosis and the histologic differential diagnosis of granulomas ...
Veres L - - 1997
Neurosarcoidosis occurs in approximately 5% of patients with systemic sarcoidosis. A review of medical literature shows that intracranial mass-like lesions secondary to sarcoidosis are quite rare. CT and MRI scanning would suggest that this manifestation of neurosarcoidosis may be more common than previously realized. We discuss five cases of neurosarcoidosis ...
Mok C C - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to study the clinical presentations, treatment, and outcome of six cases of nocardial infection in the systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) population living in Hong Kong and compare these cases with those reported in the English literature. METHODS: Records of 215 SLE patients who attended our ...
De Bandt M - - 1997
We report on five cases of associated systemic sclerosis and sarcoidosis (associated connective tissue diseases). The special peculiarities of this association are emphasized with a review of the literature (14 other cases reported). The clinical aspects, the prognosis, the role of silica, the likelihood of a chance association and the ...
Zaitz C - - 1997
We report a case of subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis observed in a male patient presenting pulmonary sarcoidosis and submitted to corticosteroid treatment. He presented nodular erythematous-violaceous skin lesions in the dorsum of the right hand. Histopathological examination of the biopsied lesion revealed dematiaceous hyphae and yeast-like cells, with a granulomatous tissual reaction. ...
Najmey S S - - 1997
The precise target of marker autoantibodies in the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) has been controversial. Recently, the theory that surface-bound beta 2 glycoprotein I (beta 2 GPI) presents a normally encrypted autoepitope and that antibodies to beta 2 GPI (anti-beta 2 GPI) are associated with APS, has been prominent. The literature ...
Lam S M - - 1997
We describe a case of active systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) complicated with a large amount of pericardial effusion with diastolic collapse of right ventricle suggestive of tamponade. Isolates from surgical drainage of pericardial fluid showed Acinetobacter baumannii exhibiting multiple antibiotics resistance. Despite the high frequency of both pericardial involvement and ...
Brenner S - - 1997
A case of subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus (SCLE) associated with lung carcinoma is presented. A review of the literature revealed only 5 other cases of SCLE associated with internal malignancy. The tumor in the described case most probably developed before the appearance of the eruption. Cancer chemotherapy was followed by ...
Masson C - - 1996
The determination of a factor triggering lupus-like symptoms could yield new insights into the management of rheumatic disease. We describe a case of minocycline related lupus in a young patient positive for HLA-DR2 who was prescribed minocycline 4 times for mild acne and developed rheumatic symptoms each time. We review ...
Ahuja T S - - 1996
Although both Wegener's granulomatosis and sarcoidosis are considered granulomatous disorders, their clinical courses differ markedly, and typically patients with these two diseases are readily distinguishable. We report an unusual case in which the patient presented with a systemic vasculitis consistent with Wegener's granulomatosis that remitted with therapy and then, months ...
Boruchowicz A - - 1996
Gastrointestinal localizations of sarcoidosis are rare. A total of 14 cases of pancreatic involvement in sarcoidosis has been reported previously. We report here a case of late onset idiopathic chronic pancreatitis diagnosed at the same time as sarcoidosis with liver, colonic, renal, mediastinal and neurologic involvement in a 56-year-old man. ...
Pearce K F - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease that rarely affects the female genital tract. It has been found the endometrium but has never been reported as a cause of postmenopausal bleeding. CASE: A 53-year-old, postmenopausal women presented complaining of a single, five-day episode of vaginal bleeding. An endometrial biopsy revealed many ...
Cheng S M - - 1996
A rare case of systemic lupus erythematosus with initial manifestation of myocarditis is reported here, found in a 24-year-old female who presented first with an episode of exertional dyspnea, later developing life-threatening arrhythmia, and left ventricular dysfunction. There were no classical clinical manifestations of SLE such as arthragia or malar ...
Carmody J P - - 1996
A review of the English literature revealed 43 cases of histologically proven intrascrotal sarcoidosis. Due to this relative rarity, the difficulty in diagnosis and concern of possible testicular malignancy, 35% of these patients have undergone unnecessary orchiectomy. We present 3 cases of intrascrotal sarcoidosis and propose a testicular-sparing strategy for ...
Eisner M D - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) may have protean manifestations, including necrotizing lymphadenitis. After describing an illustrative case, we discuss the incidence, clinical features, and pathologic findings of SLE-associated necrotizing lymphadenitis. METHODS: A case of SLE associated with necrotizing lymphadenitis is reported. The patient's clinical presentation, course, and response to therapy ...
Saito R - - 1996
We report two cases of brown pigmentation accompanied by hemorrhagic papules. A 61-year-old woman and a 53-year-old woman presented with brown pigmentation accompanied with hemorrhagic papules occurring bilaterally from the dorsal aspect of the feet to the lower legs. The clinical picture was of pigmented purpuric dermatosis, but histopathologically, they ...
Wei C C - - 1996
A 19-year-old male with systemic lupus erythematosus, had initially presented three years previous by malar rash and nephritis. In the past 2 weeks, he experienced bloody diarrhea and lower abdominal pain. Intussusceptions of the distal to the terminal ileum, terminal ileum to cecum and cecum to ascending colon were proved ...
Ascherman D P - - 1996
We describe a case of thymoma and pemphigus erythematosus developing in a 68-year-old woman 8 years after an initial diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus. Although numerous reports describe associations between any two of these entities, this case represents the first clearcut report of all three diseases in the same patient. ...
Rizzato G - - 1996
Uveitis is often a manifestation of sarcoidosis. Less well-recognized, however, is the development of uveitis several years before the diagnosis of systemic sarcoidosis. The possibility that presentation of uveitis is a marker for the chronicity of sarcoidosis has never been investigated. The aim of this work was to evaluate, in ...
Kano Y - - 1996
A wide variety of cutaneous manifestations of lupus erythematosus have been reported. Among them, papulonodular eruptions produced by dermal mucin deposition have been recognized as nodular cutaneous lupus mucinosis (NCLM), and many cases have been reported in Japan. A 21-year-old woman with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) showed papulonodular eruptions on ...
Amichai B - - 1996
Esophageal involvement in pemphigus vulgaris is rare, found more in women than in men, and can be the only manifestation of pemphigus. Esophageal involvement had been reported only among patients with pemphigus vulgaris and not in patients with other forms of pemphigus. We describe a case of pemphigus vulgaris in ...
Tsien A - - 1996
Solar urticaria is a rare disorder characterized by erythema, pruritus, and urticaria occurring minutes after exposure to a light source. It is one of several photosensitive conditions, such as phototoxic reaction, photoallergic reaction, systemic lupus erythematosus, and porphyria, that can cause photosensitivity. Herein we report a case of solar urticaria ...
Kim S J - - 1996
Syringoma involving the forehead is rare and can be confused with other diseases that are common on the forehead. Therefore, we describe here three patients with syringoma who developed numerous skin colored papules on the forehead. To our knowledge, syringoma of the forehead was reported previously only once by Tagami ...
Tay Y K - - 1995
We report a case of a 20-year-old Chinese woman who presented with an 8-month history of a widespread pruritic blistering eruption. Histology, direct immunofluorescence and indirect immunofluorescence studies were consistent with bullous systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The lesions responded dramatically to dapsone 100 mg daily. Bullous SLE is a rare ...
Hopkinson N D - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: To determine the geographical distribution of cases of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in a defined geographical area in the East Midlands, UK, and, in particular, to search for spatial variation in cases that may implicate the role of environmental factors in SLE aetiology. METHODS: Six methods of case ascertainment ...
Wakamatsu M - - 1995
A case of mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) in a female with positive ribonucleoprotein antibody and overlapped manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus and dermatomyositis is presented. During the last 9 years of her 13 year clinical course, she repeatedly manifested abdominal distension, pneumoperitoneum and malabsorption syndrome. She died, aged 54 ...
Wallace D J - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether there are any geographic clusters of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and critically review 2 previous reports of these clusters. METHODS: A literature review of all epidemiologic surveys relevant to SLE published since 1966 was undertaken. This included a search of abstracts and reports, in addition to ...
Gazarian M - - 1995
We describe a 15-year-old girl with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who presented with hypocalcemia and a generalized seizure in the setting of an intercurrent illness and active central nervous system lupus. She was subsequently found to have idiopathic hypoparathyroidism. The association of SLE with hypoparathyroidism is extremely rare and this ...
Donaldson B A - - 1995
Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease of unknown etiology affecting all organ systems. Breast involvement accounts for less than 1 per cent of cases. In most cases systemic symptoms precede the finding of breast involvement. Involvement of the breast as the primary manifestation of this disease is a rare occurrence. A ...
Mok C C - - 1995
We report the case of a 46-year-old female patient with transverse myelitis complicating mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD). She responded well to steroid and immunosuppressive therapy. Unlike in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), transverse myelopathy in association with MCTD is very rarely described. The mechanisms, diagnosis and treatment of transverse myelitis ...
Weimer S M - - 1995
We describe a 10(1/2)-year-old black female who had severe angioedema, possibly triggered by penicillin, with respiratory distress as the initial presentation of systemic lupus erythematosus. In this patient, the Cl esterase inhibitor quantitative and functional serum levels were normal. Although there are several case reports with similar presentations in adults, ...
Wang S M - - 1995
Nocardiosis is an uncommon complication in children with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This is a case report of pulmonary nocardiosis in a 13 year-old girl with SLE, who presented with fever, chest pain and tachypnea. She had been treated with steroids and cytotoxic agents for five months. Nocardia asteroides was ...
Henderson C A - - 1995
Erythropoietic protoporphyria is an inherited disorder of porphyrin metabolism, in which reduced activity of the enzyme ferrochelatase leads to accumulation of protoporphyrins in erythrocytes. Protoporphyrins are photoactivated by ultra-violet light causing tissue damage by release of free oxygen radicals, which manifests as photosensitivity. The majority of cases of erythropoietic protoporphyria ...
Ramakrishna R - - 1995
We describe an 18 yr old female with systemic lupus erythematosus presenting with Evans' syndrome (autoimmune hemolytic anemia and immune thrombocytopenia) and dense myelofibrosis. Her clinical course and response to treatment were monitored with regular blood counts, serial measurements of serum procollagen I and III and periodic bone marrow examinations. ...
al-Suwaid A R - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Direct immunofluorescence (DIF) is considered to be a major advance in the diagnosis of connective tissue diseases, particularly lupus erythematosus (LE); however, the reliability of the technique depends on several factors, such as age and site of the lesion, type of immunofluorescence, type of immunoglobulin, etc. False positives and ...
Reich J M - - 1995
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a reported association between sarcoidosis and malignancy can be supported. DESIGN: In this retrospective survey in a general community setting, we crossmatched the Kaiser Permanente Northwest Region (KPNW) Tumor Registry comprising 3 x 10(4) cases observed over 32 years against a sarcoidosis registry of 243 ...
Habib G S - - 1995
A patient with hyperglobulinemic purpura of Waldenstrom and systemic lupus erythematosus is reported. The coexistence of these two conditions which share a number of common clinical and laboratory features is rare. Treatment of the patient with prednisone, colchicine and hydroxychloroquine led to the improvement of the cutaneous vasculitis and a ...
Holland N W - - 1995
Breast involvement with lupus panniculitis has been infrequently reported. We describe 2 cases with breast involvement proven by biopsy to be lupus panniculitis. Our review emphasizes the clinical presentation of lupus panniculitis with mastitis and its possible clinical similarity to malignancy. In addition, other connective tissue diseases and vasculitis with ...
Duchmann R - - 1995
We present the case of a female patient with a diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) at the age of 54 years. At the age of 63 years, she suffered from malignant thymoma and 3 years after removal of the thymoma a diagnosis of pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) was ...
Kataoka H - - 1995
The present paper reports three cases of sensorineural hearing loss of suspected autoimmune origin. Cases 1 and 2 were bilateral sensorineural hearing loss which responded to steroid therapy. Case 3 was bilateral fluctuant sensorineural hearing loss in conjunction with systemic lupus erythematosus. The pathogenesis of autoimmune sensorineural hearing loss is ...
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