Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 639
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Nawras Ali - - 2002
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. Immune alterations involving heightened T-helper-1 responses have been proposed to play a major role in the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis. Interferon-alpha therapy and hepatitis C infection have been implicated in the development of a variety of autoimmune diseases. However, despite the wide ...
Baumgartner Brian J - - 2002
Kikuchi's disease is a necrotizing lymphadenitis that is prevalent in Asia and is being increasingly recognized in other areas of the world. It usually occurs in women in their late 20s or early 30s and manifests as a posterior cervical adenopathy. It resolves spontaneously, usually over a period of several ...
Mitsui H - - 2002
We report a Japanese patient with Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) who developed systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This is the second case report of HPS complicated with SLE. A 1-bp duplication of adenine at codon 441 was found in the HPS gene, namely HPS1, which caused a frameshift. This case serves as ...
Aste Nicola - - 2002
Pityriasis versicolor is a common dermatomycosis, occurring throughout the world, characterized by irregular, slightly scaly patches, varying in color from red/light brown to white. Pityriasis rotunda, on the other hand, is an uncommon disease, reported in specific ethnic groups, and characterized by perfectly round or oval patches of varying color, ...
Maeda Manubu - - 2002
We report six typical cases with pityriasis versicolor (PV) rubra, with a background of collagen diseases in five cases and none in one case. Two cases of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and one case of systemic scleroderma (SSc) had both PV rubra and nigra on the trunk. Diagnosis of superficial ...
Van Gysel D - - 2002
Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) is an uncommon disease in childhood. In this paper we present five new cases of childhood DLE. Two of them are identical twin brothers, who developed similar lesions during an interval of 5 years. This is in favour of the hypothesis that both genetic factors and ...
Siddiqui Mumtaz A - - 2002
An estimated incidence of drug-induced lupus erythematosus caused by all drugs is 15,000 to 20,000 cases a year, and represents approximately 5 to 10% of the total number of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Approximately 22% of the patients treated with isoniazid for a mean of 6 months develop antinuclear ...
Steeves Elizabeth B - - 2002
In this study, 50 cases of canine pemphigus foliaceus and 49 cases of canine superficial pyoderma were examined by immunohistochemical staining for patterns of desmoglein expression. In 31/50 (62%) of pemphigus foliaceus cases, there was an altered staining pattern for desmoglein consisting of distinct clumped deposits at the periphery of ...
Costallat Lilian Tereza Lavras - - 2002
We reporttwo cases of coexistence of pulmonary silicosis and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The patients are two men with SLE exposed to silica for 20 years. The hypothesis that silica exposure is linked to a wide variety of known or suspected autoimmune diseases, including SLE, has been discussed in the ...
Angelotti T - - 2002
Nodular or pseudomembranous tracheobronchitis due to infection by Aspergillus species is an uncommon presentation of invasive aspergillosis. Most cases have been described in severely immunocompromised hosts. We describe the case of a 23-year-old woman, with recently diagnosed systemic lupus erythematosus, who developed worsening respiratory function. Bronchoscopy revealed rapid development and ...
Braun R P - - 2002
Periorbital oedema and erythema are a rare cutaneous manifestation of discoid erythematosus (DLE) which is well known to ophthalmologists but less to dermatologists. We report the case of a 74-year-old female patient with periorbital oedema and erythema. Since swelling of the eyelid is common in the dermatological practice, dermatologists should ...
Diaz-Cascajo Carlos - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pseudomembranous fat necrosis is a peculiar manifestation of necrosis of adipose tissue characterized by formation of pseudocystic cavities lined by crenulated membranes. The underlying mechanism for the formation of pseudomembranes is unknown and numerous hypotheses have been proposed. Despite divergent interpretations, most authors consider necrotic fat cells to be ...
Cohen N P - - 2001
Osseous involvement is common in sarcoidosis, but most cases of osseous sarcoidosis occur in the long bones of the hands and feet. Vertebral involvement in sarcoidosis is rare. A case of vertebral sarcoidosis in a 19-year-old male football player is presented. The patient had clinical, radiologic, laboratory, and pathologic findings ...
Ferretti Gilbert R - - 2002
Laryngeal sarcoidosis is a rare manifestation of systemic sarcoidosis. It affects mainly the supraglottic larynx. Involvement of the glottic and subglottic levels are exceptional. We present the case of a 56-year-old man with a 2-year history of systemic sarcoidosis, involving the mucosa of paranasal sinuses, a joint, and mediastinal lymph ...
Wenzel J - - 2001
We present the case of a 71-year-old man with inclusion body myositis combined with subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus and dysphagia. Although inclusion body myositis is usually resistant to immunosuppressive therapy, this patient improved under treatment with corticosteroids. The presented case is discussed in the context of earlier reports of inclusion ...
Gupta S K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Since 1957, when the first pediatric case of sarcoidosis was reported, 11 more cases have been traced in the Indian literature. METHODS: Nine of them were reported from general wards of hospitals (while the remaining 3 were from pediatric unit of AIIMS, New Delhi). Failure of initial treatment with ...
Komócsi A - - 2001
Necrotizing histiocytic lymphadenopathy (NHL) is a rarely observed clinical entity that is occasionally associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The histological features of the condition have been considered to be indistinguishable from those of lymphadenitis in subjects with SLE, and the clinical symptoms of the two disorders share common features. ...
Seo S K - - 2001
We report a case of lichenoid sarcoidosis in a 3-year-old girl. She had numerous discrete skin-colored or erythematous, infiltrated follicular papules on the buttocks and extremities since 2 months of age. Histopathologic examination showed follicular plugging and an upper dermal granulomatous infiltrate of epithelioid cells closely surrounding the follicular ducts. ...
Ichikawa N N Institute of Rheumatology, Tokyo Women's Medical University , 10-22 Kawada-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-0054 , - - 2001
Abstract Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is relatively rare. We describe five cases of RA with ITP. In all five patients, platelet counts were low, platelet-associated IgG levels were elevated, and bone marrow aspiration showed megakaryocytosis. Glucocorticoid therapy was effective in three cases, but the other ...
Bass R D - - 2001
We identified 3 patients with autoimmune myelofibrosis (AM) lacking American Rheumatism Association criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). They had 1 or 2 cytopenias and lacked serologic evidence for SLE. Autoimmune features included psoriatic arthritis and positive direct Coombs test (DCT) result, DCT-positive autoimmune hemolytic anemia, and synovitis with polyclonal ...
Lee M K - - 2001
A rare manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST), in which early diagnosis and aggressive therapy are of prime importance for favorable outcome. The pathogenesis of CVST is largely unknown, but it is thought to be caused by cerebral vasculitis, antiphospholipid antibodies or other conditions ...
Rossi G A - - 2001
Muscle involvement in sarcoidosis is rarely described as the predominant feature and muscular symptoms are seldom observed. In recent pediatric series, sarcoid myopathy was no longer considered a typical aspect of sarcoidosis. The authors report a case of sarcoidosis in a patient presenting predominant muscular symptoms since childhood, due to ...
Gooptu C - - 2001
Paraneoplastic pemphigus is a relatively recently described immunobullous disease with characteristic features. We report three cases of paraneoplastic pemphigus in adult men with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia arising within a week of completion of treatment with fludarabine. In all cases, withdrawal of fludarabine and treatment of the blistering was associated with ...
Heckman G A - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To describe an older patient with delirium attributed to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and to review the literature on neuropsychiatric manifestations of SLE in older people. DESIGN: Case report and literature review. MEDLINE search using terms systemic lupus erythematosus, neurologic, psychiatric, neuropsychiatric, autoantibodies (anti-nuclear antibody (ANA), antiphospholipid, anticardiolipin, anti-double ...
Romaní J - - 2001
The association of primary anetoderma (PA) with antiphospholipid antibodies (APAs; with or without criteria of primary antiphospholipid syndrome) has been observed repeatedly and a possible pathogenic significance of this asssociation has been hypothesized. We report the case of a 21-year-old-woman who developed anetodermic lesions on her upper trunk and arms. ...
Nousari H C - - 2001
Pemphigus foliaceus is a cutaneous autoimmune blistering disease that is characterized by lower morbidity and mortality than those observed in pemphigus vulgaris or paraneoplastic pemphigus. However, erythrodermic forms of the endemic variant of pemphigus foliaceus have been associated with a higher mortality. We report a case of nonendemic pemphigus foliaceus ...
Walsh B T - - 2001
This report describes the results of a clinic-based study conducted to verify a community-reported excess prevalence of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and a possible connection between ethnicity and environmental factors in the reporting of SLE in the United States-Mexico border town of Nogales, Arizona. A community group in Nogales reported ...
Andres E - - 2001
Bone lesions are fairly uncommon in sarcoidosis (5 to 10% of cases). We report the case of a 40-year-old man in whom sarcoidosis of the lungs and bones was revealed by excruciating buttock and sacral pain. Computed tomography showed multiple punched-out defects in the left iliac bone. No similar cases ...
Thong B Y - - 2001
Life-threatening angioedema involving the upper respiratory tract is an uncommon manifestation in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We report three patients in their late adolescence who had laryngeal oedema causing airway obstruction and requiring mechanical ventilation during active disease following symptoms of a respiratory tract infection. All of them had major ...
Lane S E - - 2001
We report a case of long-standing SLE which presented with symptomatic muscle vasculitis on a background of photosensitivity, arthralgia and myalgia. The diagnosis was complicated by cardiomyopathy, nephrotic syndrome and diabetes. We highlight the benefits of aggressive treatment in severe disease and the importance of recognising and treating comorbidity especially ...
Hidalgo-Tenorio C - - 2001
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease that may affect many organs in the body. Skin manifestations are frequent and sometimes vesiculobullous lesions may apper such as in bullous lupus erythematosus. SLE may also be exceptionally associated with other blistering diseases such as pemphigus vulgaris (PV). We describe the ...
Yoshimasu T - - 2001
A mixture of uracil and tegafur (UFT) is a common antineoplastic agent in Japan. We report a 64-year-old Japanese woman with discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE)-like lesions which were induced by UFT. After surgery to treat lung cancer, UFT (300 mg/day) was administered and she developed round erythema on her right ...
Shatley M J - - 2001
Malar rash and photosensitivity are common findings in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, a number of inflammatory, dermatologic, infectious or drug-induced conditions may mimic cutaneous findings of SLE. These typically include seborrheic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, rosacea, polymorphous light eruption, syphilis and dermatomyositis sine myositis. Herein we describe a patient with ...
Matsumoto S - - 2000
Sarcoidosis affects many different organ systems. However, laryngeal involvement is rare and most cases with laryngeal involvement affect the supraglottis, occasionally secondarily extending to the vocal fold. The features of sarcoidosis in the supraglottic region have been described in several reports, but vocal fold involvement has not been presented in ...
Goto H - - 2000
We report the fourth case of simultaneous macroamylasemia and macrolipasemia. A 39-year-old woman had been treated for systemic lupus erythematosus from 1982 to 1993. She was found to have an unexplained increase in serum amylase and lipase activities since 1996. Immunoprecipitation assay showed that amylase was bound to IgA2-kappa and ...
Di Cataldo A - - 2000
Thymic carcinoma is exceptionally rare in children and it has never previously been associated with autoimmune disorders. The authors report the case of an 11-year-old boy with thymic carcinoma, hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy, and an autoimmune disease that resembled systemic lupus erythematosus. To their knowledge, this is the first case of ...
Markowitz G S - - 2000
Bowman's capsular and tubular basement membrane (TBM) deposits are an extremely unusual finding in non-lupus membranous glomerulopathy (MGN). We report three atypical cases of MGN with abundant Bowman's capsular and TBM deposits. In two cases, MGN was idiopathic; in the third case, MGN occurred in the renal allograft in the ...
Nazabal E R - - 2000
Neurological manifestations occur frequently in polycythaemia. Chorea, however, is a rare complication of the disease. A case of chorea in a patient previously diagnosed with polycythaemia vera is reported. Choreic movements started after measurement of haematological variables showed deterioration. It was considered that this was caused by inappropriate treatment with ...
Gal I - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To present cases of coexisting sarcoidosis and Sjogren's syndrome (SS). METHODS: We analyzed the clinical data of our 464 patients with SS with a clinical picture suggesting coexisting SS and sarcoidosis. We followed them for several years. RESULTS: We found 5 patients with coexisting SS and sarcoidosis. In 3 ...
Soskel N T - - 2000
Pleural sarcoidosis is no longer considered rare, as it occurs in about 3% of all cases of sarcoidosis. However, newer methods of detection may boost this level higher. High-resolution computed tomographic scanning has increased our detection of pleural nodules and pleural thickening. Other manifestations include pneumothorax, chylothorax, and hemothorax. Further ...
Lindeboom J A - - 2000
Involvement of the paranasal sinuses and nose by sarcoidosis is uncommon, and has been reported in only 1-4% of patients with sarcoidosis. Clinical symptoms are nasal obstruction, epistaxis, nasal pain, discharge, anosmia or hyposmia, epiphora, and dyspnoea. We present a case of sarcoidosis in which sinusitis was the first clinical ...
Lopez C - - 2000
Histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis or Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease is a rare entity, and even more rarely, it is associated with other diseases. In a few cases, the condition is associated with cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE). Histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis predominantly affects young women, who present with solitary or multiple cervical lymphadenopathy accompanied by ...
Fitzgerald S G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the local Lupus Foundation of America (LFA) chapter would provide a unique source of additional lupus incident cases for a population-based incidence registry of SLE. METHODS: We reviewed membership and telephone records from the LFA to identify potential lupus cases. These potential cases were compared with ...
Brateanu A C - - 2000
Although sarcoidosis has occasionally been associated with hemoglobinopathies, its association with dermatomyositis is extremely rare. A 24 y/o African American male with hemoglobin SC disease developed proximal weakness. He had heliotrope rash, muscle weakness, elevated serum CK, myositis by EMG, and no malignancy. A muscle biopsy confirmed dermatomyositis. Two years ...
Fainaru O - - 2000
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is an uncommon, immune-mediated bullous dermatosis, which, during its active phase, has been associated with infertility. Pemphigus vulgaris during pregnancy is exceedingly rare-only 26 cases with immunopathological confirmation have been reported. The disease may be associated with adverse neonatal outcome, including prematurity and fetal death. Transient skin ...
Kenny T J - - 2000
Sarcoidosis is a chronic granulomatous disease of unknown pathogenesis. Reports of sarcoidosis are much less common in the pediatric literature than in the adult literature. The disease is usually systemic; rarely, however, single organs are affected. Isolated laryngeal involvement is an unusual presentation. We report a well-documented case of isolated ...
Katta R - - 2000
Sarcoidosis of the scalp is a rare manifestation of cutaneous sarcoidosis. We report 4 cases, all in African-American women with systemic sarcoidosis. A review of the English-language literature reveals only 24 reported cases, most in African-American women with systemic involvement and other cutaneous lesions. Scalp sarcoidosis may exhibit variable morphologies ...
Huang C M - - 2000
Gout with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) or progressive systemic sclerosis (PSS) has rarely been reported, whereas mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) with the demonstration of intra-articular monosodium urate crystals has never been reported. We describe an unusual case of MCTD (SLE-PSS) in a 37-year-old woman who developed acute gouty arthritis. ...
Skowron F - - 2000
We report the case of a 69-year-old woman who presented a papular eruption on the eyelids. Histological features revealed a tuberculoid granuloma with a central caseating necrosis. Laboratory and radiological investigations revealed no tuberculosis and no systemic granulomatosis. Absence of vascular symptoms, inefficiency of cyclines and histopathological findings excluded granulomatous-type ...
Singh G - - 2000
A 49-year -old woman presenting with features of cutaneous sarcoidosis without any evidence of systemic involvement is reported.
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