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Results 301 - 350 of 662
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Quintás-Cardama A - - 2003
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD) is a histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis found mainly in young women. Patients typically present with cervical lymphadenopathy and fever and follow almost always a benign course with excellent outcomes. The etiology of KFD remains unknown and controversial although several viruses have been associated with this disease. One theory ...
Chung Henry V HV Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, - - 2003
Classically, a diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is dependent on renal, rheumatological, cutaneous and neurological target organ damage with supporting serological markers. A previously healthy 26-year-old Japanese woman whose only manifestation of otherwise occult SLE was severe abdominal pain is reported. A computed tomographic scan of the abdomen revealed ...
Oz O - - 2003
PURPOSE: To report a case of uveitis associated with granuloma annulare (GA). GA is a benign, usually self-limited dermatosis of unknown origin, causing necrobiotic dermal and subcutaneous papules. So far, ocular involvement has not been reported in GA. METHODS: We describe a case of uveitis with GA. Ocular examination findings ...
Malcangi G - - 2003
We report on a case of 40-year-old female with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who developed a severe bullous eruption on sun-exposed areas. The bullous manifestation was associated with a flare of lupus serologies, whereas the previous manifestations of the disease were quiescent. Due to prior intolerance to many drugs, she ...
Tahan V - - 2003
Although interferon has not been classified in the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis, it may rarely lead to this disease during treatment of chronic hepatitis C. The case of a 36-year-old woman with chronic hepatitis C who developed sarcoidosis within 10 weeks of treatment with recombinant interferon-alpha2a and ribavirin is described and ...
Sonntag Monika - - 2003
Mucin deposition is a common histopathologic finding in lupus erythematosus (LE) but is rarely present in sufficient quantity to produce clinically apparent skin lesions. Until now, fewer than 40 cases of papulonodular mucinosis associated with LE have been reported in the literature, and it was associated with either systemic LE ...
Page Kathleen R - - 2003
This paper reports a case of nosocomial pneumococcal cellulitis that developed following a lymph-node biopsy in a woman being treated with high-dose intravenous corticosteroids for systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE). Her rapid and severe clinical deterioration was similar to that caused by group A streptococcus. The risk factors for the development ...
Nishimura Katsuji - - 2003
Acute confusional state (delirium) appears as one of the common neuropsychiatric manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). It has been suggested that neuropsychiatric SLE (NP-SLE) could promote the occurrence of drug-induced extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS). Atypical antipsychotics have been thought to be useful in management of delirium because of their low ...
Funauchi M - - 2003
Hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) is a life-threatening disorder characterized by pancytopenia and activation of macrophages. Recently, corticosteroid incorporated in lipid microspheres (liposteroid) has been reported to be taken up by macrophages and to suppress their functions. Here we present a case of systemic lupus erythematosus complicated by HPS that was successfully ...
Abel Michael P - - 2003
INO in SLE is uncommon, affecting < 5% of hospitalized SLE patients. A MEDLINE search 1966-2001 revealed only 22 reported cases. INO also rarely presents with diplopia. We report such a case. A 35 year old woman with long standing SLE developed the abrupt onset of diplopia, vertigo and ataxia. ...
Singh Ranju - - 2002
Shrinking lung syndrome (SLS) is a rare complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) characterized by unexplained dyspnea, a restrictive pattern on pulmonary function tests, and an elevated hemidiaphragm. A total of 59 cases are reported in literature including the current case. The mean age of these patients is 36.85 years ...
Bagheri Mohammed M - - 2002
Pemphigus Foliaceus (PF) is an antibody-mediated autoimmune disease. IgG directed against desmoglein-1 induces acantholysis in the superficial epidermis, leading to the classic presentation of crusted erosions in a seborrheic distribution. We report a case of a 51-year-old African-American man with an 8-year history of PF, who developed multiple hyperpigmented, 'stuck-on' ...
García-Moreno José Manuel - - 2002
Involvement of the central nervous system in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has been well described. It usually includes psychiatric disturbance, seizures, and cranial nerve disorders. Movement disorders are less common, chorea being the one most frequently described. A parkinsonian syndrome may be an extremely rare manifestation of cerebral lupus. We ...
Karageyim A Y - - 2002
Chorea gravidarum is a rare syndrome in pregnancy. The clinical picture is of extrapyramidal symptoms such as involuntary movements, lack of coordination and slurred speech. Neuroleptics or benzodiazepines can be used for treatment. When antiphospholipid antibodies are shown to be present, corticosteroids, and sometimes aspirin, are added to the treatment. ...
Loh A H L - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: We report a case of sudden death due to granulomatous myocarditis and propose that cardiac sarcoid could have been the underlying aetiology. This is the first case reported in Singapore. The differential diagnoses for granulomatous myocarditis including sarcoidosis and its cardiac manifestations as well as idiopathic giant cell myocarditis ...
Brings Hans A - - 2002
Acquired factor VIII inhibitor is increasingly recognized as a cause of major soft tissue hemorrhage. The laboratory diagnosis can be obscured by the synchronous presence of the lupus anticoagulant, an extremely rare occurrence that has been reported outside the vascular surgery literature. Vascular surgeons should be knowledgeable of factor VIII ...
Khan Mohammed Abul Kasem - - 2002
Four cases of Hypertrophic Lupus Erythematosus (HLE) were reported. The lesions of HLE were observed on the forearms, face and hands in all four cases. Clinically, the lesions were erythematous, hyperkeratotic plaques. The clinical course was marked by chronicity and progression of the lesion. Histologically, marked hyperkeratosis, parakeratosis, acanthosis, degenerative ...
Cahali Juliana Burihan - - 2002
Nail involvement in pemphigus vulgaris is rare. We describe 5 patients with pemphigus vulgaris presenting nail involvement. In this disease, nail manifestations present, by order of frequency, as chronic paronychia, onychomadesis, onycholysis, Beau's lines and trachyonychia. All our 5 cases presented with paronychia, and 1 of them also had Beau's ...
Ross S - - 2002
Subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus is a well recognized subset of systemic lupus erythematosus. It is characterized by a nonscarring, papulosquamous or annular eruption in a photosensitive distribution. Several cases, thought to be caused by drugs, have been reported. We report a case of subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus caused by phenytoin, ...
Sakamoto Taiko - - 2002
We report a 55-year-old woman with bullous systemic lupus erythematosus, who later developed pyoderma gangrenosum (PG). Dapsone was effective for the eruption of bullous bullous systemic lupus erythematosus but not for pyoderma gangrenosum. Cyclosporine was effective for the skin lesions of pyoderma gangrenosum. This is the first reported case of ...
Skowron F - - 2002
Longitudinal melanonychia is an unusual finding in systemic lupus erythematosus. We report the case of a patient of Arabic extraction with cutaneous lesions of lupus erythematosus on the cheek and chest and longitudinal melanonychia affecting several fingers. Results of histologic examination of the skin and direct immunofluorescence analysis confirmed the ...
Nawras Ali - - 2002
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. Immune alterations involving heightened T-helper-1 responses have been proposed to play a major role in the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis. Interferon-alpha therapy and hepatitis C infection have been implicated in the development of a variety of autoimmune diseases. However, despite the wide ...
Baumgartner Brian J - - 2002
Kikuchi's disease is a necrotizing lymphadenitis that is prevalent in Asia and is being increasingly recognized in other areas of the world. It usually occurs in women in their late 20s or early 30s and manifests as a posterior cervical adenopathy. It resolves spontaneously, usually over a period of several ...
Mitsui H - - 2002
We report a Japanese patient with Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) who developed systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This is the second case report of HPS complicated with SLE. A 1-bp duplication of adenine at codon 441 was found in the HPS gene, namely HPS1, which caused a frameshift. This case serves as ...
Aste Nicola - - 2002
Pityriasis versicolor is a common dermatomycosis, occurring throughout the world, characterized by irregular, slightly scaly patches, varying in color from red/light brown to white. Pityriasis rotunda, on the other hand, is an uncommon disease, reported in specific ethnic groups, and characterized by perfectly round or oval patches of varying color, ...
Maeda Manubu - - 2002
We report six typical cases with pityriasis versicolor (PV) rubra, with a background of collagen diseases in five cases and none in one case. Two cases of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and one case of systemic scleroderma (SSc) had both PV rubra and nigra on the trunk. Diagnosis of superficial ...
Van Gysel D - - 2002
Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) is an uncommon disease in childhood. In this paper we present five new cases of childhood DLE. Two of them are identical twin brothers, who developed similar lesions during an interval of 5 years. This is in favour of the hypothesis that both genetic factors and ...
Siddiqui Mumtaz A - - 2002
An estimated incidence of drug-induced lupus erythematosus caused by all drugs is 15,000 to 20,000 cases a year, and represents approximately 5 to 10% of the total number of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Approximately 22% of the patients treated with isoniazid for a mean of 6 months develop antinuclear ...
Steeves Elizabeth B - - 2002
In this study, 50 cases of canine pemphigus foliaceus and 49 cases of canine superficial pyoderma were examined by immunohistochemical staining for patterns of desmoglein expression. In 31/50 (62%) of pemphigus foliaceus cases, there was an altered staining pattern for desmoglein consisting of distinct clumped deposits at the periphery of ...
Costallat Lilian Tereza Lavras - - 2002
We reporttwo cases of coexistence of pulmonary silicosis and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The patients are two men with SLE exposed to silica for 20 years. The hypothesis that silica exposure is linked to a wide variety of known or suspected autoimmune diseases, including SLE, has been discussed in the ...
Angelotti T - - 2002
Nodular or pseudomembranous tracheobronchitis due to infection by Aspergillus species is an uncommon presentation of invasive aspergillosis. Most cases have been described in severely immunocompromised hosts. We describe the case of a 23-year-old woman, with recently diagnosed systemic lupus erythematosus, who developed worsening respiratory function. Bronchoscopy revealed rapid development and ...
Braun R P - - 2002
Periorbital oedema and erythema are a rare cutaneous manifestation of discoid erythematosus (DLE) which is well known to ophthalmologists but less to dermatologists. We report the case of a 74-year-old female patient with periorbital oedema and erythema. Since swelling of the eyelid is common in the dermatological practice, dermatologists should ...
Diaz-Cascajo Carlos - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pseudomembranous fat necrosis is a peculiar manifestation of necrosis of adipose tissue characterized by formation of pseudocystic cavities lined by crenulated membranes. The underlying mechanism for the formation of pseudomembranes is unknown and numerous hypotheses have been proposed. Despite divergent interpretations, most authors consider necrotic fat cells to be ...
Cohen N P - - 2001
Osseous involvement is common in sarcoidosis, but most cases of osseous sarcoidosis occur in the long bones of the hands and feet. Vertebral involvement in sarcoidosis is rare. A case of vertebral sarcoidosis in a 19-year-old male football player is presented. The patient had clinical, radiologic, laboratory, and pathologic findings ...
Ferretti Gilbert R - - 2002
Laryngeal sarcoidosis is a rare manifestation of systemic sarcoidosis. It affects mainly the supraglottic larynx. Involvement of the glottic and subglottic levels are exceptional. We present the case of a 56-year-old man with a 2-year history of systemic sarcoidosis, involving the mucosa of paranasal sinuses, a joint, and mediastinal lymph ...
Wenzel J - - 2001
We present the case of a 71-year-old man with inclusion body myositis combined with subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus and dysphagia. Although inclusion body myositis is usually resistant to immunosuppressive therapy, this patient improved under treatment with corticosteroids. The presented case is discussed in the context of earlier reports of inclusion ...
Gupta S K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Since 1957, when the first pediatric case of sarcoidosis was reported, 11 more cases have been traced in the Indian literature. METHODS: Nine of them were reported from general wards of hospitals (while the remaining 3 were from pediatric unit of AIIMS, New Delhi). Failure of initial treatment with ...
Komócsi A - - 2001
Necrotizing histiocytic lymphadenopathy (NHL) is a rarely observed clinical entity that is occasionally associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The histological features of the condition have been considered to be indistinguishable from those of lymphadenitis in subjects with SLE, and the clinical symptoms of the two disorders share common features. ...
Seo S K - - 2001
We report a case of lichenoid sarcoidosis in a 3-year-old girl. She had numerous discrete skin-colored or erythematous, infiltrated follicular papules on the buttocks and extremities since 2 months of age. Histopathologic examination showed follicular plugging and an upper dermal granulomatous infiltrate of epithelioid cells closely surrounding the follicular ducts. ...
Ichikawa N N Institute of Rheumatology, Tokyo Women's Medical University , 10-22 Kawada-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-0054 , - - 2001
Abstract Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is relatively rare. We describe five cases of RA with ITP. In all five patients, platelet counts were low, platelet-associated IgG levels were elevated, and bone marrow aspiration showed megakaryocytosis. Glucocorticoid therapy was effective in three cases, but the other ...
Bass R D - - 2001
We identified 3 patients with autoimmune myelofibrosis (AM) lacking American Rheumatism Association criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). They had 1 or 2 cytopenias and lacked serologic evidence for SLE. Autoimmune features included psoriatic arthritis and positive direct Coombs test (DCT) result, DCT-positive autoimmune hemolytic anemia, and synovitis with polyclonal ...
Lee M K - - 2001
A rare manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST), in which early diagnosis and aggressive therapy are of prime importance for favorable outcome. The pathogenesis of CVST is largely unknown, but it is thought to be caused by cerebral vasculitis, antiphospholipid antibodies or other conditions ...
Rossi G A - - 2001
Muscle involvement in sarcoidosis is rarely described as the predominant feature and muscular symptoms are seldom observed. In recent pediatric series, sarcoid myopathy was no longer considered a typical aspect of sarcoidosis. The authors report a case of sarcoidosis in a patient presenting predominant muscular symptoms since childhood, due to ...
Gooptu C - - 2001
Paraneoplastic pemphigus is a relatively recently described immunobullous disease with characteristic features. We report three cases of paraneoplastic pemphigus in adult men with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia arising within a week of completion of treatment with fludarabine. In all cases, withdrawal of fludarabine and treatment of the blistering was associated with ...
Heckman G A - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To describe an older patient with delirium attributed to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and to review the literature on neuropsychiatric manifestations of SLE in older people. DESIGN: Case report and literature review. MEDLINE search using terms systemic lupus erythematosus, neurologic, psychiatric, neuropsychiatric, autoantibodies (anti-nuclear antibody (ANA), antiphospholipid, anticardiolipin, anti-double ...
Romaní J - - 2001
The association of primary anetoderma (PA) with antiphospholipid antibodies (APAs; with or without criteria of primary antiphospholipid syndrome) has been observed repeatedly and a possible pathogenic significance of this asssociation has been hypothesized. We report the case of a 21-year-old-woman who developed anetodermic lesions on her upper trunk and arms. ...
Nousari H C - - 2001
Pemphigus foliaceus is a cutaneous autoimmune blistering disease that is characterized by lower morbidity and mortality than those observed in pemphigus vulgaris or paraneoplastic pemphigus. However, erythrodermic forms of the endemic variant of pemphigus foliaceus have been associated with a higher mortality. We report a case of nonendemic pemphigus foliaceus ...
Walsh B T - - 2001
This report describes the results of a clinic-based study conducted to verify a community-reported excess prevalence of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and a possible connection between ethnicity and environmental factors in the reporting of SLE in the United States-Mexico border town of Nogales, Arizona. A community group in Nogales reported ...
Andres E - - 2001
Bone lesions are fairly uncommon in sarcoidosis (5 to 10% of cases). We report the case of a 40-year-old man in whom sarcoidosis of the lungs and bones was revealed by excruciating buttock and sacral pain. Computed tomography showed multiple punched-out defects in the left iliac bone. No similar cases ...
Thong B Y - - 2001
Life-threatening angioedema involving the upper respiratory tract is an uncommon manifestation in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We report three patients in their late adolescence who had laryngeal oedema causing airway obstruction and requiring mechanical ventilation during active disease following symptoms of a respiratory tract infection. All of them had major ...
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