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Mangera Altaf - - 2011
CONTEXT: The use of botulinum toxin A (BoNTA) in the treatment of lower urinary tract dysfunction has expanded in recent years and the off-licence usage list includes neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO), idiopathic detrusor overactivity (IDO), painful bladder syndrome (PBS), and lower urinary tract symptoms resulting from bladder outflow obstruction (BOO) ...
Alagaratnam Swethan - - 2011
This case relates to a child with an antenatal diagnosis of severe bilateral hydronephrosis with congenital anomalies of the ureters, bladder, and urethra. We describe the presentation and surgical management, highlighting the complexity of this anomaly and the surgical technique used to reconstruct the lower urinary tract. To our knowledge, ...
Khemka D - - 2011
In the evaluation of patients presenting with altered mental function searching for underlying medical conditions is necessary. Abnormal thyroid function has long been implicated in mood changes with the classic associations of depression occurring together with hypothyroidism and of mania along with hyperthyroidism. We here report 3 patients who presented ...
Bojanic K - - 2011
Congenital hypothyroidism is a rare and underdiagnosed congenital endocrine disorder in dogs and cats and the true incidence is unknown. The disorder may cause a range of clinical signs depending on the primary defect, which affect production of thyroid hormones; some cases present when adult. Hallmark clinical signs of congenital ...
Remzi Mesut - - 2011
In the last 4 years many studies have been published on the topic of upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). This is a recent review of the available literature of the last 3 years. A systematic Medline/PubMed search on UTUC including limits for clinical trials and randomized, controlled trials was ...
Chee Yuet Yee - - 2011
Aims:  To review the incidence and risk factors of primary hypothyroidism in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants in our centre and to assess their neurodevelopmental outcome. Method:  Retrospective, descriptive review of VLBW infants with primary hypothyroidism from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2008 in a perinatal centre. Case control ...
Jassam N - - 2011
Hepatic haemangioendothelioma is a rare vascular tumour in infants and may be associated with a unique form of thyroid function abnormalities. Hepatic haemangioendotheliomata is capable of producing an excess of the thyroid hormone inactivating enzyme, type 3 iodothyronine deiodinase. The increased enzyme activity leads to rapid degradation of thyroid hormones, ...
Lee Susan W - - 2011
Steroid responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis (SREAT) is a condition of presumed autoimmune etiology that can present with a variety of neuropsychiatric signs and symptoms. To illustrate the clinical findings and treatment options of this underdiagnosed condition. We present a case of a patient diagnosed with SREAT and review ...
Mosher Mary C - - 2011
Amiodarone is a class III antiarrhythmic agent that is frequently prescribed today for the treatment of ventricular and atrial arrhythmias. Amiodarone has many adverse effects, and one of them is thyroid dysfunction. Advanced practice and staff nurses need to be vigilant, recognizing early signs and symptoms of thyroid dysfunction to ...
Ramadhan Abdulaziz - - 2011
Objective: To report a case of nontraumatic common peroneal nerve compression associated with hypothyroidism-induced rhabdomyolysis in a diabetic patient prepared for remnant ablation following thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid carcinoma. We reviewed the putative mechanisms whereby hypothyroidism is associated with severe myopathy, neural injury and acute compartment syndrome.Methods: We performed a ...
Chhiber Sarbjit Singh - - 2011
Apoplexy in sellar metastasis is very rare with only a few case reports in literature. A case of apoplexy in sellar metastasis from follicular thyroid carcinoma is reported and the literature is briefly reviewed. The patient presented with sudden onset headache and bi-lateral loss of vision following thyroidectomy in a ...
Kalia V - - 2010
Primary ureteric involvement in sarcoidosis is very rare; to our knowledge, only a few cases have been reported in the literature. We present here a rare case of ureteric sarcoidosis presenting with obstructive uropathy.
Kanellopoulou Theoni - - 2011
This report describes a 56-year-old woman who developed granulomatous lesions consistent with sarcoidosis during adalimumab therapy for rheumatoid arthritis. Cervical and axillary lymphadenopathy developed approximately 21 months after adalimumab administration. Non-caseating epithelioid cell granulomas consistent with sarcoidosis were detected both in an axillary lymph node specimen and in the bone marrow. ...
Vieira Joaquim Pedro - - 2010
The authors present the case of a 41-year-old woman with nasal and laryngeal involvement by sarcoidosis, review the literature and discuss the otolaryngologic manifestations, the diagnostic evaluation, treatment and prognostic of this entity.
Kiltz U - - 2010
Sarcoidosis may present with symptoms related to involvement of joints, skin and lungs, as well as other organs. Corticosteroids are the basis of treatment of symptomatic sarcoidosis. Additional or alternative drugs may be required in chronic cases and when systemic corticosteroids are contraindicated. Cytotoxic agents seem to be of value ...
Kim Min Sung - - 2010
Calcinosis cutis is a common clinical feature of dermatomyositis and scleroderma but rarely reported in association with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Calcinosis cutis in SLE occurs without calcium and phosphorus metabolic abnormalities and may be localized or generalized. The pathophysiology remains unclear and no effective therapy is currently available. We ...
Hariri Lida P - - 2010
Pulmonary manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) typically include pleuritis, alveolar hemorrhage, and infectious pneumonia due to immunosuppression with less common entities including bronchiolitis, interstitial pneumonia, and pulmonary fibrosis. More rare manifestations include organizing pneumonia (OP) and diffuse alveolar damage (DAD). A similar but distinct entity of acute fibrinous and ...
Robinson Angela Byun - - 2010
Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the metacarpal heads is uncommon and has been associated with trauma, systemic lupus erythematosus, and corticosteroid usage. There have been no previous reports of metacarpal AVN described in patients with juvenile dermatomyositis. Descriptions of AVN in juvenile dermatomyositis are rare. We present 2 cases of patients ...
Boulis Eman R - - 2010
Testicular involvement in connective tissue diseases (CTD) is typically caused by medium vessel vasculitis as in polyarteritis nodosa. Systemic lupus erythrematosus (SLE) and systemic sclerosis cause small vessel vasculitis, which is an unusual cause of orchitis. We hereby report a case of orchitis in a 28-year-old patient caused by vasculitis ...
Kearney D E - - 2011
Fournier's gangrene is a rare severe necrotising fasciitis of the genitalia. A case of Fournier's gangrene caused by perforated sigmoid diverticulitis in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus is presented along with a review of the relevant literature.
de Santis Michele - - 2010
Respiratory complications of systemic lupus erythematosus may involve every element of the respiratory system and are relatively common as the initial manifestation of this disease occurring in 60 -80% of patients during the course of the disease. The authors report a case of a lupic patient with a respiratory manifestation ...
Saz E Ulas EU Pediatric Emergency Department, Ege University School of Medicine, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey. - - 2010
Cardiac manifestations of pediatric systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) usually occur as an initial manifestation of the disease or within six months after the diagnosis of SLE. Pericarditis is the most frequent cardiac manifestation of SLE, but pericardial effusion causing tamponade, which has a very serious prognosis, rarely occurs, and it ...
Jiang Lindi - - 2010
Hypoparathyroidism is rare in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Here we describe a case of SLE coexisted with hypoparathyroidism and ankylosing spondylitis with definite diagnosis, and also give a review of past five cases of SLE with hypoparathyroidism. We find that hypoparathyroidism is easily ignored by subtle manifestations despite ...
Sahebari Maryam - - 2010
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease in which organs undergo damage. Hypoparathyroidism is a rare disease, which presents in two forms: hereditary and acquired. Cases of hypoparathyroidism and SLE rarely co-exist. Only six cases have been reported; five of them first presented with lupus and then hypoparathyroidism or ...
Macêdo Patrícia A - - 2012
To report a case of triple association of juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), juvenile dermatomyositis and urticarial vasculitis as well as a review of the relevant literature. A 12-year-old male patient diagnosed with overlap syndrome between SLE and juvenile dermatomyositis since 2004 evolved with erythematous plaques, which were compatible with ...
Xia Jing-Yan - - 2012
Although lymph node enlargement is common in active systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), lymph node examination is frequently ignored in the diagnosis of SLE. Clinical presentation and abnormal laboratory findings are often sufficient for SLE diagnosis, not to mention that the specific histological finding of lymph node necrosis in SLE is ...
Tirotta Daniela - - 2012
For several years is described a non-random association between sarcoidosis and solid or hematological tumors. We present a case in which a patient with pulmonary sarcoidosis developed polycythemia vera few months later. A review of literature shows that sarcoidosis precedes neoplasms and tends to be a chronic active variety. Our ...
Choi Jin Woo - - 2010
Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are at increased risk for various plasma cell dyscrasias, but the coexistence of SLE and multiple myeloma (MM) are rarely reported to date. Due to the rarity, the clinical features of MM associated with SLE have not been elucidated, and the pathogenesis under this ...
Srinivasan Nandakumar - - 2010
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a well-known autoimmune chronic inflammatory disease, which can virtually affect any organ system in the body. Although hemolytic anemia has been known to occur in <10% of SLE patients, they are usually mediated through warm antibodies. It is extremely rare to see cold antibody-mediated hemolytic ...
Murray Eleanor - - 2010
Considerable interest in the efficacy of rituximab (a monoclonal CD20 antibody) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has been generated due to its unique mode of action, culminating in a series of randomized and open trials, and case reports. However, this use is off-license and two significant RCTs have ...
Morales-Burgos Adisbeth - - 2010
Lupus erythematosus has a wide spectrum of cutaneous manifestations, including periorbital mucinosis. We report 3 cases of periorbital mucinosis occurring in association with other cutaneous signs of lupus erythematosus. Based on a review of the literature, periorbital mucinosis is a rare and not widely recognized clinical manifestation of the disease. ...
Wei Sun - - 2010
To recognize the clinical characteristics and outcomes of neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE), the authors retrospectively review 3 NLE babies in their department and compared their data with 51 NLE cases reported in the available Chinese literature between January 1991 and December 2008. Most of the cases were located near the ...
Essaadouni L - - 2010
Pancreatitis as an initial manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus is rare. Two cases are reported of young female patients who presented with fever, abdominal pain, vomiting and elevated levels of pancreatic enzymes. They were diagnosed with acute severe pancreatitis associated with systemic lupus erythematosus. There are a few reports in ...
Krief P - - 2010
Cerebellar involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus has rarely been described as one of the neurologic manifestations. There has been only one previous pediatric case of cerebellar edema reported in the literature. The differential diagnosis, magnetic resonance imaging findings and treatment modalities are described in the case of a 15-year-old girl ...
Arce-Salinas C A - - 2010
This case involved a 75-year-old woman with systemic lupus erythematosus. Two months previously, she had a flare that was treated successfully by increasing the dosages of prednisone and azathioprine. A sudden onset of ocular pain, diplopia, and loss of vision suggestive of optical neuritis or vascular involvement confused the issue, ...
Cherner M - - 2010
Two cases of Afro-Caribbean women with an association of sickle cell disease (SCD) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are presented. We discuss the clues to the diagnosis of this combination with a review of the literature. Owing to a substantial overlap between the clinical manifestations of the two disorders, the ...
Omar Hyder A - - 2010
Here, we report a case of systemic lupus erythematosus in a 13-year-old girl who developed the disease 3 years after thymectomy performed for the treatment of myasthenia gravis. The presenting symptoms were fever, generalized fatigability, bilateral loin pain, weight loss, arthralgia, hair loss, and recurrent painless mouth ulcers. Laboratory findings ...
Yildiz Gürsel - - 2010
Clinical symptoms and findings of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), occur as a result of autoimmune inflammation of the serous membrane which is also seen in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Difficulties are sometimes encountered in the differential diagnosis of FMF because of similar clinical features with other autoimmune inflammatory diseases, and ...
Herati Ramin S - - 2010
Sarcoidosis, a granulomatous disorder of unknown etiology, primarily affects the lungs and lymph nodes. Extrapulmonary disease without any pulmonary involvement is rare. Sarcoidosis with an elevated serum CA-125 level has only been reported five times in the literature. We describe a case of localized hepatosplenic sarcoidosis, confirmed by biopsy, with ...
Kelley Brian P - - 2010
Sarcoidosis is a potentially life-threatening, multisystem, granulomatous disease that can present with cutaneous manifestations in patients. A rare cutaneous manifestation of this disease may resemble acquired ichthyosis. We report a 45-year-old woman with a several year history of dyspnea on exertion and panuveitis who presented to a county hospital with ...
Peña Sarah - - 2010
Our objective was to report an incidental finding of thyroid hemiagenesis in a patient who presented with a left neck mass, present a review of literature, and to discuss management of this diagnosis. Case report and review of literature. An internet-based literature search was performed via Pubmed with key words, ...
Tanaka Nahoko - - 2010
Pneumothorax is a rare pleuropulmonary manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus. We encountered a 37-year-old Japanese woman who had systemic lupus erythematosus complicated by recurrent pneumothorax during treatment for recurrent serositis with glucocorticoid therapy. She was admitted for the third episode of lupus peritonitis in December 2005. Intravenous cyclophoshamide and increased ...
Liao Walter - - 2010
Lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei is a rare chronic, asymptomatic papular eruption, most commonly affecting the central face, including the eyelids. Our 2 patients presented with the typical clinical findings of small papular lesions in which histopathologic examinations disclosed granulomatous inflammation with necrosis associated with inflamed hair follicles. Except for its ...
Hajiioannou Jiannis K - - 2010
Objective. Rare case presentation of thyroid cartilage variation causing globus sensation and dysphagia. Method. Case report and review of the literature concerning thyroid cartilage variant of clinical significance. Results. Middle-aged male patient presented with globus sensation and painful swallow without previous injury of the larynx. Clinical examination and diagnostic procedures ...
D'Andrea Nadia - - 2010
Methotrexate (MTX) is a folate-antagonist used in several neoplastic and inflammatory diseases. Reports of pulmonary complications in patients given low-dose MTX therapy are increasing. Pulmonary toxicity from MTX has a variable frequency and can present with different forms. Most often MTX-induced pneumonia in patients affected by rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is ...
Caramaschi P - - 2010
We describe a case of systemic lupus erythematosus complicated by strongyloidiasis. The parasitic infection appeared with diarrhoea, weight loss and peripheral eosinophilia in association with recurrence of polyarthritis, probably due to a flare of systemic lupus erythematosus. The literature about the coexistence of systemic lupus erythematosus and strongyloidiasis has been ...
Bargagli Elena - - 2011
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease of unknown origin. Granulomatous bone involvement has an overall incidence of 1-13%. This incidence is probably underestimated in certain patient series because bone involvement is often asymptomatic. The small bones of hands and feet are the most common localizations, while skull, knee, rib, pelvic and ...
Cramer Jp - - 2010
Differentiation between lymphadenopathy in potentially life-threatening systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and self-limiting necrotizing lymphadenitis, also called Kikuchi- Fujimoto disease (KFD), is difficult. In the past, co-occurrence of SLE and KFD has been described repeatedly in case reports. Here, we report a case of necrotizing lymphadenitis, describe the clinical and histopathologic ...
Vourexakis Zacharias - - 2010
Submandibular gland sarcoidosis is rare and little is known about its clinical presentation besides the usual neck swelling. The aim of the study was to extract clinical knowledge on submandibular sarcoidosis from the literature. A systematic review was performed using a search in Medline with the key-words "sarcoidosis," "submandibular," "submaxillary." ...
Ramakrishna Jyoti - - 2009
Over the years, a variety of abnormal immune reactions to minocycline have been reported including arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and hepatitis. The current report describes the detailed clinical and pathologic features of 3 patients who presented with chronic/autoimmune hepatitis alone while on minocycline at our hospital over a 2-year period. ...
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