Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 663
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Holland N W - - 1995
Breast involvement with lupus panniculitis has been infrequently reported. We describe 2 cases with breast involvement proven by biopsy to be lupus panniculitis. Our review emphasizes the clinical presentation of lupus panniculitis with mastitis and its possible clinical similarity to malignancy. In addition, other connective tissue diseases and vasculitis with ...
Duchmann R - - 1995
We present the case of a female patient with a diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) at the age of 54 years. At the age of 63 years, she suffered from malignant thymoma and 3 years after removal of the thymoma a diagnosis of pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) was ...
Kataoka H - - 1995
The present paper reports three cases of sensorineural hearing loss of suspected autoimmune origin. Cases 1 and 2 were bilateral sensorineural hearing loss which responded to steroid therapy. Case 3 was bilateral fluctuant sensorineural hearing loss in conjunction with systemic lupus erythematosus. The pathogenesis of autoimmune sensorineural hearing loss is ...
Munn S E - - 1995
Although lupus vulgaris is the most common form of cutaneous tuberculosis seen in Europe, the incidence has steadily declined and it is now rarely seen. We report a case in a 69-year-old lady who presented with a 10-year history of a slowly growing plaque on the left cheek. Skin biopsy ...
Okamoto H - - 1994
Two cases of sarcoidosis with tender, erythematous nodules on the legs are reported. The cutaneous lesions were clinically similar to those of erythema nodosum, but histologically showed non-caseating epithelioid granulomas. A review of 14 cases of this particular sarcoid eruption reported in Japan showed that 13 had ocular involvement as ...
Minami A - - 1994
We report two cases with long-standing systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who developed widespread calcification in subcutaneous tissue and peri-articular structures. To our knowledge only 26 case reports have appeared concerning this abnormality in SLE. However, there has been no report of calcification in an SLE patient in the literature of ...
Lam K Y - - 1994
A fatal case of miliary tuberculosis complicated by splenic rupture and reactive hemophagocytic syndrome is presented. A 42 yr old Indian patient with a 7 yr history of sarcoidosis developed miliary tuberculosis and hemophagocytic syndrome after steroid therapy. A ruptured enlarged spleen with hemoperitoneum was detected at autopsy. This case ...
McCluggage W G - - 1994
The finding of epithelioid cell granulomas within liver biopsies is a not uncommon occurrence. We undertook this study to investigate the underlying conditions responsible for a diagnosis of granulomatous hepatitis in Northern Ireland during the thirteen year period 1980-1992. One hundred and sixty-three patients with hepatic granulomas were identified, accounting ...
Parker J M - - 1994
Chylothorax is a rare complication of sarcoidosis; only one well-documented case has been described previously. Before chylothorax is diagnosed in a patient with sarcoidosis, infection and malignancy need to be aggressively excluded as possible diagnoses. We report the case of a 34-year-old black woman with sarcoidosis confirmed by lung, pleural, ...
Kwong T - - 1994
Childhood sarcoidosis is a rare disorder with protean manifestations. The case of a child with prolonged fever, hepatosplenomegaly, pancytopenia, and systemic necrotizing vasculitis manifesting as fever, rash and skin infarctions, digital pregangrene, and foot drop is reported. This is the first case of systemic necrotizing vasculitis reported in sarcoidosis. The ...
Ward L A - - 1994
Recurrent lupus nephritis in transplanted kidneys is rare. To the best of our knowledge, we report only the second case of recurrent membranous lupus nephritis in an allograft 8 years after transplantation. Unlike the first case, our patient received a transplant from a living-related donor rather than a cadaver. Disease ...
Yasuda M - - 1994
The symptoms of myasthenia gravis (MG) reflect the loss of neuromuscular transmission due to the functional loss of the acetylcholine receptor. We reviewed the reported association of MG and connective tissue diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, progressive systemic sclerosis (PSS), polymyositis and dermatomyositis, mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) ...
Reich J M - - 1994
Agnogenic myeloid metaplasia (AMM) was recognized 3 years after a diagnosis of sarcoidosis in a 45-year-old man. This is the second reported instance of that association, and the 15th reported case in which systemic granulomata have been associated with a myeloproliferative disorder (MPD). In the client population at risk, this ...
Rhee C A - - 1994
Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a serious, potentially life-threatening condition resulting from an exotoxin of Staphylococcus aureus. Presenting symptoms include high fever, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting progressing to hypotension, oliguria, conjunctival hyperemia, and an erythematous rash over the trunk, abdomen, and extremities. TSS has been associated both with and without ...
Schapiro J M - - 1994
Takayasu's arteritis is a chronic inflammatory arteriopathy of unknown cause. The pulseless phase of Takayasu's arteritis is preceded by a period of "prepulseless disease" when the patients suffer from systematic symptoms without obvious evidence of obstruction of larger arteries. Herein we report a unique case of Takayasu's arteritis presenting as ...
Hardwick N - - 1993
We report two cases of superficial granulomatous pyoderma (SGP). Unlike classical pyoderma gangrenosum this variant is characterized by a benign course, superficial ulceration and a granulomatous infiltrate. Although our cases share the typical features of SGP, they are noteworthy in that one had the disease for 18 years, and the ...
McPherson J G JG - - 1993
This case report describes a patient with sarcoidosis who developed superior vena cava syndrome, breast granuloma, and tracheobronchial stenosis, all as a direct result of the primary underlying disease. While each of these entities has been described individually as being associated with sarcoid, this is the first case in which ...
Kavanagh G M - - 1993
Necrobiosis lipoidica (NL) has distinctive clinical and histological appearances. The legs are the commonest site of involvement, and 85% of cases involve the legs exclusively. We describe a patient in whom NL did not involve the legs, but was found to occur on unusual areas: the back and nipple. This ...
Lewis F M - - 1993
Cutaneous sarcoidosis may occur at sites of trauma. Two patients are reported in whom lupus pernio developed in the area of facial fractures. Injury may be a factor in the site of development of lupus pernio in some individuals and may have medico-legal implications. Cutaneous sarcoidosis is known to occur ...
Osawa H - - 1993
We report here an old male patient with anti-nuclear antibody (ANA) negative systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with active renal disease and penile ulcer. He revealed nephrotic syndrome, malar rash and oral ulcer. SLE was discussed, however both ANA and anti-DNA antibody were persistently negative. A penile ulcer was also observed. ...
Fonseca G A - - 1993
We report a case of a patient who presented with symptoms of acute debilitating proximal muscle weakness, which mimicked acute polymyositis, accompanied by a hypopigmented papular rash. The histology of the skin and muscle demonstrated sarcoidosis. A review of the literature of acute sarcoid myositis and the various other myopathies ...
Vachvanichsanong P - - 1993
Twenty systemic lupus erythematosus patients under the age of 16 who had attended the Pediatric Department of Songklanagarind Hospital in the period 1985-1991 were reviewed retrospectively. The most common complaints were fever, alopecia, malar rash and oedema. The girl/boy ratio was 2.3/1. There were many unusual presentations such as Stevens-Johnson ...
Schwab E P - - 1993
Pulmonary alveolar hemorrhage (PAH) is a rare and often fatal presenting feature of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Reported mortality rates are extremely high, 70% to 90%. Death frequently occurs within the first several days of the hemorrhage. The hospital records of all inpatients with PAH and SLE between April 1986 ...
Iwai K - - 1993
Three hundred and twenty autopsy cases of sarcoidosis in Japan were analyzed to determine the pathological changes in the early stage, the mode of progression in each organ and the changes in the final stage of the disease. The lung and the mediastinal lymph nodes were affected in most of ...
McHenry P M - - 1993
A 77-year-old retired male physician with a 6-year history of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) developed a mechanobullous eruption, the features of which were clinically and immunopathologically consistent with a diagnosis of 'classical' epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA). As EBA shares immunopathological findings with a number of cases reported as the 'bullous ...
Varga J H - - 1993
Numerous ocular manifestations have been attributed to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and other collagen vascular diseases. Only one report has been published discussing an entity of transient corneal edema associated with SLE, which was attributed to keratoendotheliitis. We report the case of a 45-year-old woman with long-standing SLE and severe ...
Török L - - 1993
The authors present the case of a thirty-six-year-old woman with systemic lupus erythematosus with specific vesiculobullous symptoms. Degos dermal infarcts and Schönlein-Henoch-type purpura was observed in the course of her illness. Attention is drawn to the rarity of this symptom group, which has not been documented in previous publications. Degos ...
Bourke J F - - 1993
A case of neonatal lupus erythematosus with cutaneous and neurological features is reported. At 5 years of age, the patient retains residual telangiectatic lesions over the trunk and face and has mild spastic diplegia, originally detected at the age of 1 year. Persistent telangiectasia is now a recognized feature of ...
Prasad R - - 1993
This interesting case of pulmonary sarcoidosis and Mycobacterium ulcerans ulcers raises many issues: 1. Our paucity of knowledge of deficient immune status in individuals; the multifarious presentation as recognisable ill health, its early detection, treatment and its prevention. In this present case the management of the immune status of the ...
Griep E N - - 1993
We report the unique occurrence of a unilateral sacroiliitis in a patient with active sarcoidosis accompanied by pulmonary tuberculosis. Convincing (clinical) evidence of sarcoidosis as the extremely rare cause of this articular involvement is presented. Discussion is focused on comparison of sarcoidosis and tuberculosis, particularly with respect to their articular ...
Snider J M - - 1993
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is an uncommon, but devastating, disease with a significant morbidity and mortality, unchanged in the last several decades. This case report is the first successful management of a patient with NF secondary to discoid lupus erythematosus. A review of the literature describes current concepts of etiology, pathophysiology, ...
Mulherin D - - 1993
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is the most common of the connective tissue disorders and can involve virtually any organ in the body. It is associated with pleuropulmonary manifestations in well over 50% of cases. Pleuritis with or without pleural effusion is the most common manifestation and can be particularly troublesome ...
Ryan D M - - 1993
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disorder that rarely involves the genitourinary tract. To date only 28 cases of histologically proved sarcoidosis involving the epididymis have been described in the literature. Although uncommon, sarcoidosis should be considered in any differential diagnosis of testicular lesions. We present 2 cases of epididymal sarcoidosis. A ...
Hesse S - - 1993
Birdshot chorioretinopathy, also known as vitiliginous chorioretinitis, is a rare and serious retinochoroidopathy. We describe a case in a patient with long-standing typical psoriasis. To our knowledge this association has not been previously reported in the dermatologic literature. Both psoriasis and chorioretinitis appeared to respond to aromatic retinoids. The incidence ...
Saito T - - 1993
Lipoprotein glomerulopathy is a disease characterized by intraglomerular lipoprotein thrombi and abnormal lipid metabolism similar to type III hyperlipoproteinemia. Recently, glomerular lesions compatible with lipoprotein glomerulopathy were found in a 38-year-old man. In this case, plasma apolipoprotein (apo) E level was elevated, and the apo E isoform was heterozygous E2/3, ...
Borba E F - - 1993
Although myelofibrosis has been described in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), this coexistence must be rare since there are few reports showing this combination. The possible relationship between hematologic abnormalities and SLE remains unresolved. The authors describe a 39-year-old woman with persistent neutropenia and SLE in whom myelofibrosis was found. Unlike ...
Teitel A D - - 1992
Laryngeal involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) can range from mild ulcerations, vocal cord paralysis, and edema to necrotizing vasculitis with airway obstruction. In this report, four cases showing the range of severity of this disease manifestation are presented, accompanied by a comprehensive review of the literature. The clinical course ...
Kanno T - - 1992
A 14-year-old female developed systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)-like symptoms, rash, fever, leukopenia and positive anti-nuclear antibody (ANA) two weeks after administration of carbamazepine (CBZ; Tegretol) used against benign Rolandic epilepsy. Clinical symptoms and leukopenia normalized after discontinuation of CBZ and administration of prednisolone at 40 mg. The cases of CBZ-induced ...
Gendi N - - 1992
An unusual case of overlap syndrome which evolved over a 12-year period is described. The patient initially presented with limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis. She then developed seropositive erosive rheumatoid arthritis and subsequently vasculitis with positive lupus serology. There was no evidence that she had mixed or undifferentiated connective tissue disease, ...
Torinuki W - - 1992
Two patients with solar urticaria are described. They complained of transient pruritic erythema, but not frank wheal, on sun-exposed areas. However, urticarial wheals were elicited by polychromatic radiation in the ultraviolet and visible light ranges; the action spectra for solar urticaria ranged from 400 to 550 nm in case 1 ...
Chang J C - - 1992
Skeletal involvement in sarcoidosis is considered a manifestation of chronic disease. Rib lesions, while rarely reported, have been usually asymptomatic and often associated with vertebral sarcoidosis. Here, we report two patients with symptomatic rib lesions in sarcoidosis. Both patients were black males. In both cases, chest X-rays lacked characteristics of ...
Salazar-Páramo M - - 1992
The case is described of a 73 year old man who presented with a lupus-like syndrome related to treatment with isoniazid and had IgG antinuclear antibodies against the nucleo-histone complex (H2A-H2B)-DNA. After a short course of treatment with prednisone and discontinuation of isoniazid the patient's lupus symptoms resolved and a ...
Mañá J - - 1992
We review the Spanish literature on sarcoidosis, and describe the most important epidemiological and clinical findings. Recent epidemiological data show a cumulative annual incidence rate of 1.36 per 100,000 inhabitants. The most relevant clinical aspects are the high incidence of Löfgren syndrome (48% of the cases), and the low percentage ...
Stucki G - - 1992
We report a 25-year-old woman presenting with sarcoidosis and bilateral sacroiliitis. Her sarcoidosis related symptoms (malaise, cough and dyspnoea) improved dramatically under treatment with steroids but severe back pain persisted. Only seven similar cases have been described over the last 40 years and the question of a possible association between ...
Lowe L - - 1992
We report two cases of lupus erythematosus (LE) in which a truncal papulonodular eruption predominated. Histologically the lesions were characterized by diffuse dermal mucin without the usual inflammatory or epidermal changes of LE. It is uncommon in LE for dermal mucin to be present in a sufficient quantity to produce ...
Mortifee P R - - 1992
We report a case of communicating hydrocephalus in a 24-year-old woman with previously undiagnosed systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) presenting with malignant hypertension, nephritis, serositis, and a seizure disorder of 16 months' duration. The patient demonstrated features of the antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS). In proposing cerebral venous thrombosis as a possible, ...
Zimmermann B B - - 1992
Two cases of cryptococcal meningitis occurring in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are presented, and 24 additional cases from the literature are reviewed. The insidious onset of this infrequent complication is emphasized. The nonspecific neurological findings associated with this infection are often mistakenly diagnosed as a central nervous system ...
Keltz M - - 1992
A patient with Crohn's disease and peristomal pyoderma gangrenosum is described. This patient is unique because she had a rapid response to intralesionally injected steroids. This treatment is ideal for peristomal pyoderma gangrenosum because it is administered intermittently when the ostomy appliance is changed and it does not interfere with ...
Bleed D M - - 1992
The first outbreak of St. Louis encephalitis (SLE) in Arkansas occurred in Pine Bluff (Jefferson County) during July-August 1991. Cases of SLE were identified mainly through reporting by physicians in Jefferson and surrounding counties. In addition, testing of stored cerebrospinal fluid specimens, a hospital chart review, and a serosurvey were ...
Meulders Q - - 1992
We report the case of a female patient with seronegative lupus and predominant bladder and intestinal involvement in the form of interstitial cystitis and protein-losing enteropathy. This association is exceptional in the literature but may be underestimated because of frequent latency of interstitial cystitis. It may define a peculiar subgroup ...
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