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Results 301 - 350 of 588
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Mootsikapun Piroon - - 2002
Salmonella septic arthritis is an infrequent infectious disease but can cause progressive joint destruction resulting in disability. The authors retrospectively reviewed cases with culture proved Salmonella septic arthritis in Srinagarind Hospital, Khon Kaen from 1994 to 2000. There were 23 episodes in 16 cases; all had underlying diseases and a ...
Kanaan N N Dpt of Nephrology, Cliniques Universitaires St Luc, Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, - - 2002
Pasteurella multocida is a rare cause of peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis patients with only 10 cases reported in the literature so far. All cases were observed in patients with close contact with cats, usually with a direct puncture of the dialysis tubing. We report a case of Pasteurella multocida peritonitis ...
Gillespie Robert S - - 2002
Leuconostoc species are rarely pathogenic in humans, but may cause infection in patients at risk. A 7-year-old girl with p-ANCA-positive crescentic glomerulonephritis, treated with peritoneal dialysis, developed peritonitis due to Leuconostoc species. She had a history of treatment with vancomycin and a brief course of immunosuppressive therapy. The peritonitis responded ...
Turgut B - - 2002
Candida arthritis is quite rare and might be caused either by direct intra-articular inoculation of Candida or secondary to hematogeneous seeding of Candida in immunocompromised hosts. Until now less than 50 cases of Candida arthritis have been reported in the literature. We report a case of Candida arthritis, which occurred ...
Yusuf H - - 2002
Oral submucous fibrosis is commonly seen in the adult population of the ethnic minorities in the UK, although its presentation in a child is rare. Whilst the condition is considered multifactorial and irreversible, we present a case of oral submucous fibrosis in a 12-year-old Bangladeshi boy whose cessation of habitual ...
Santilli D - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Multicentric reticulohistiocytosis (MRH) is a rare systemic disease, presenting with typical skin abnormalities and erosive polyarthritis, which is often associated with malignancy. CASE REPORT: A case of MRH arthropathy, in which the typical nodular skin manifestation of the disease was absent, is described in a patient with a past ...
Jivan S - - 2002
Pseudomyxoma peritonei is a relatively rare and poorly understood condition in which mucus accumulates within the peritoneal cavity. The presence of cells in the mucin, either inflammatory or neoplastic, distinguishes it from simple acellular mucus ascites caused by mucinous spillage. There is widespread seeding of the peritoneal and omental surfaces ...
Harada Tomohiro - - 2002
A 59-year-old man had a history of rheumatoid arthritis. He presented with incurable pericardial effusion. He was repeatedly treated with pericardiocentesis with only transient attenuation of his symptoms because the underlying pericardial constriction had been overlooked. This time the authors diagnosed effusive constrictive pericarditis due to rheumatoid arthritis using the ...
Richette P - - 2001
Pseudo-xanthoma elasticum (PXE) is an inherited disorder of the connective tissue characterized by cutaneous, ocular and vascular lesions. Coexisting PXE and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is rare because three cases have only been described. We report three new cases of this association. Analysis of these six cases failed to show any ...
Shah B - - 2001
A case of oral submucous fibrosis occurring in a 11-year-old Bangladeshi girl is presented. This paper reviews the aetiology, clinical presentation and treatment modalities of oral submucous fibrosis. This case highlights the link between oral submucous fibrosis and the regular use of areca-nut (paan) and the newer transcultural oral tobacco ...
Uthman I - - 2001
We studied the rheumatic and various clinical manifestations of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) in Lebanon. A retrospective review was performed of the medical records of 74 FMF patients seen at the American University of Beirut Medical Centre (AUB-MC) from 1979 to 1996. We also reviewed the medical literature from 1968 ...
Berthelot J M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine how experts would classify 10 early-arthritis cases (7 atypical) and to study discrepancies in diagnoses relative to ACR criteria for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or ESSG criteria for spondyloarthropathy (SpA). METHODS: Ten real cases (5 met ACR criteria for RA, 6 ESSG criteria for SpA, 3 both and ...
Berthelot J M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare the conclusions of studies addressing the outcome of early-arthritis cohorts. METHODS: The methodologies of previous reports on early-arthritis cohorts were examined, and their results and conclusions were compared. RESULTS: Thirty-four reports on 23 cohorts of early arthritis were found. The methodology was poor in most studies, with ...
Jang H S - - 2001
Confluent and reticulated papillomatosis (CRP) is a relatively rare disorder manifested by persistent papules that are confluent in the center and reticulated at the periphery with a characteristic distribution. Recently, many cases of CRP treated with minocycline have been reported, and their effect seems to be derived from their antibiotic ...
Mazhari N J - - 2001
Oral mucosa is a rare site for cysticercosis. This paper describes eight cases of cysticercosis involving the oral cavity: four in the buccal mucosa, two in the lips, one in the tongue and one in the gums. All of the patients presented with a solitary superficial mucosal nodule, with duration ...
White K P - - 2001
Relatively little attention has been paid to lumbar spine involvement in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and indeed it is generally considered to be an uncommon and usually clinically minor manifestation of the disease. We describe a case of acute right lower extremity weakness secondary to compression of multiple lumbar nerve roots ...
Vasconcelos F O - - 2001
Juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) is a dermatological condition of unknown etiology that rarely affects the oral mucosa. There are conflicting reports suggesting that it may represent a reactive virally-induced lesion associated with cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. The present paper reports an additional case of oral JXG and discusses its possible association with ...
Poulopoulos A K - - 2001
Metastases to the jaws and oral soft tissues are rare. A case of breast angiosarcoma metastatic to the mandible and the gingiva, bilaterally in the premolar area is presented. The clinical, histological features and the management of the metastatic oral lesions are reported. Our case emphasises the possibility that in ...
Perić S - - 2001
This case report presents a patient with long-lasting rheumatoid arthritis (RA) of fourth clinical grade, having ocular complications. RA was diagnosed according to current modified ARA criteria from 1987. Upon admission to the Department of Ophthalmology clinical examination revealed anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (AION), which is not characteristic manifestation of ...
Gilad J - - 2001
Polymicrobial polyarticular septic arthritis is a rare clinical entity, with only a few cases having been reported to date. We report a case due to Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus in an IVDU, complicated by fatal streptococcal toxic-shock syndrome, and review the current literature. We conclude that whenever polymicrobial polyarticular ...
Fischer D J - - 2000
Scleroderma is a connective tissue disorder of excess collagen production characterized by intense fibrosis of the skin, with internal organ involvement. A wide range of oral sequelae-including microstomia, oral mucosal/gingival fibrosis, xerostomia, and mandibular bone resorption-complicates maintenance of oral health and dental treatment. The literature is reviewed, and two cases ...
Mendonça L L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To highlight the possible association between infertility and treatment with long-term non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs). NSAIDs act mainly through the inhibition of cyclooxygenase, the enzyme that catalyses the synthesis of prostaglandins, which are essential mediators of ovulation, implantation and placentation of the conceptus. METHODS: Case reports of four women ...
Apfalter P - - 2000
Reported here is the first known case of primary monoarthritis of the hip due to Neisseria meningitidis W-135. The isolate was obtained from an immunocompetent child suffering from acute hip pain as the only symptom upon presentation at the hospital. Meningococcal infection must be considered in the diagnosis of any ...
Ohishi T - - 2000
Gouty arthritis of the wrist is rare, and may be associated with scapholunate dissociation. To our knowledge, only two cases have been reported so far. In this report, we describe a 40-year-old patient with scapholunate dissociation caused by acute gouty arthritis of the wrist. His clinical findings and radiographs mimicked ...
Phillips P - - 2000
Peritonitis is an unusual extrapulmonary manifestation of coccidioidomycosis. Peritoneal involvement often has an indolent course and may resolve spontaneously. Optimal management has not been defined; however, fluconazole's spectrum of activity, pharmacokinetic profile, and efficacy in dialysis-related yeast peritonitis suggest that it may be an effective treatment. To our knowledge, we ...
Adeonigbagbe O - - 2000
Listeria monotogenes bacteria-ascites developed in a 73-year-old man who had cholangiocarcinoma and liver metastasis. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a frequent complication in patients with chronic liver disease and ascites. L. peritonitis has been reported in only <30 cases world-wide. Our patient represents a unique case of L. peritonitis without ...
Reynolds E - - 2000
Meconium peritonitis can have a wide range of presentations. This report discusses two cases that have recently appeared in our neonatal intensive care unit. The first report discusses the case of a meconium pseudocyst in a preterm infant. The second case reports on a newborn baby with a healed bowel ...
Gredlein C M - - 2000
Clostridium species are capable of producing several types of infectious processes, many of which have proven to be life-threatening. Septic arthritis caused by Clostridium, however, is not a very frequent finding. Currently, only 37 cases of infectious arthritis due to Clostridium species have been reported. We report a case of ...
Garosi G - - 2000
The definition of peritoneal sclerosis encompasses a vast range of peritoneal alterations induced by peritoneal dialysis. The morphology, clinical correlations and pathophysiology of, and experimental animal models for, this condition show such striking differences from case to case as to suggest the existence of two nosological entities: simple sclerosis and ...
Bibashi E - - 2000
Roseomonas is a newly described genus of pink-pigmented, nonfermentative, gram-negative bacteria that have been recognized as a cause of human infections. Roseomonas fauriae is a species rarely isolated from clinical specimens. We report the first known case of peritonitis caused by R. fauriae in a patient receiving continuous ambulatory peritoneal ...
Hardaway R M - - 2000
The mortality of septic shock, both in percentage of septic shock cases and total number of septic shock cases, has been increasing over the past several decades. This is despite major advances in diagnosis and treatment. The basic cause of traumatic and septic shock has only partially been elucidated. This ...
Miller E B - - 2000
Synovitis secondary to penetrating plant thorn injuries is an infrequently reported event. Despite its wide geographic distribution, thorns from the prickly pear cactus (Optunia ficusindica) are a rare source of this type of inflammatory arthritis. We hereby present an unusual case of an individual who developed an acute monoarthritis of ...
Joosen H - - 2000
We report the case of a 34-year-old man with a rheumatoid pulmonary nodule preceding the development of articular symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. Pulmonary nodules are a well known feature of rheumatoid arthritis and are mostly seen in severe established rheumatoid factor-positive cases. To differentiate between benign and malign pulmonary nodules ...
Röhrborn A - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: The increasing number of enterococcal infections in hospitals and reports about the development of resistance of these bacteria make it necessary to review their importance as co-pathogens in secondary peritonitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial on primary therapy of secondary peritonitis was carried out in six ...
Equils O - - 1999
A 19-year-old female on chronic peritoneal dialysis developed acute peritonitis; multiple peritoneal fluid and catheter tip cultures yielded Penicillium species. She promptly responded to catheter removal and intravenous amphotericin B, followed by oral fluconazole, without further recurrences 1 year later. This is the first reported case of Penicillium peritonitis in ...
Yang C - - 1999
We report a 40-year-old man with decompensated alcoholic liver cirrhosis, who developed spontaneous peritonitis caused by Candida albicans after complete recovery from a recent episode of acute pancreatitis. The patient was successfully treated with amphotericin B. A search of the literature showed that this is the fourth reported case of ...
Abraham Z - - 1999
Accelerated nodulosis developed on the fingers of a woman successfully treated with low dose methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis. Colchicine therapy resulted in regression of these nodules for twelve months. To our knowledge, this is the first report in the dermatological literature on this relatively new entity in which the skin ...
Lipson D A - - 1999
The differential diagnosis of pneumoperitoneum is broad. We report a case of tension pneumoperitoneum in a patient on mechanical ventilation with initially unrecognized pneumothorax who had an indwelling pleural-peritoneal shunt. The patient developed ventilatory and hemodynamic collapse as air was diverted from the pleural space into the peritoneal cavity. Subsequent ...
Falcini F - - 1999
A case of occult coeliac disease (CD) presenting with recurrent monoarthritis in a boy aged 11 years is reported. The case is unique due to the association of occult untreated CD and arthritis in childhood. Peripheral or axial arthritis as a first manifestation of occult CD has been described in ...
Pollard H - - 1999
Acute pain in peripheral joints is not a common presenting symptom for chiropractors or osteopaths. However, chiropractors or osteopaths may be asked to assess peripheral joints when patients present with other conditions such as back pain. This paper reviews the literature on bacterial arthritis as a specific type of infectious ...
Levi N - - 1999
In this paper we report a 48-year-old man with septic arthritis of the wrist and ankle due to Streptococcus pneumoniae. No known predisposing factor was found. Only about 300 cases of pneumococcal arthritis have been reported in the literature since 1888 and less than 10% of these affect the wrist. ...
Coaccioli S - - 1999
We describe a patient affected by rheumatoid arthritis (RA) that developed myasthenia gravis (MG) after 20 years of illness. The peculiarity of this case concerns both the rare association between these diseases and the fact that the patients had never assumed disease modifying antirheumatic drugs. These treatments have been associated ...
Murthy G L - - 1999
The development of malignancy in the setting of pre-existing connective tissue disease is well known. We report two cases of rheumatoid arthritis who developed malignancy--multiple myeloma in one of them and carcinoma cervix in the other. Case 1 was a 62 year old man, who developed multiple myeloma three years ...
Kinney W C - - 1999
Dysphagia as an initial complaint in rheumatoid arthritis is rare. We describe the case of a 69-year-old woman with rheumatoid arthritis who presented with a 2-day history of acute dysphagia. Our evaluation revealed the cause of the dysphagia was the presence of rheumatoid pannus that involved the anterior cervical spine ...
Castillo A A - - 1999
There are an increasing number of reports about unusual causes of peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. The Propionibacteria species is a microorganism that is a normal skin flora. Under the presence of certain risk factors, it may produce serious infections. Patients at risk of having Propionibacteria sp infections have ...
Kim P K - - 1999
PURPOSE: To find and solve the common problems of peritoneal dialysis (PD) by analyzing the clinical data of pediatric PD performed in Korea. METHODS: We looked at 264 cases of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and acute PD that were performed in 18 institutions of pediatric nephrology in Korea from ...
Worland M A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature pertaining to the use of adjunctive thrombolytic therapy for the treatment of peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis (PDAP). DATA SOURCES: A MEDLINE search was conducted (January 1966-December 1997) to find articles using the terms peritonitis, peritoneal dialysis, and each thrombolytic drug. References from these articles were then ...
Lin C C - - 1998
Osseous choristoma of the oral cavity is an extremely rare lesion. Two cases of osseous choristomas of oral cavity, representing two different natures of such lesions are reported. One was situated on the dorsal surface of posterior tongue just anterior to the circumvallate papillae and the other on the right ...
Wasel N R - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Minocycline-induced cutaneous pigmentation is an adverse effect that may be more common than is generally realized. It is usually reported in patients undergoing chronic minocycline therapy for acne vulgaris. OBJECTIVE: The case of a 69-year-old woman taking minocycline for rheumatoid arthritis is presented, and its differential diagnosis discussed in ...
Papadavid E - - 1998
We report two patients, mother and daughter, with Erythrokeratoderma variabilis (EV). This rare genodermatosis is characterized by the presence of two components: migratory erythema and fixed hyperkeratosis. Our patients experienced symptomatic relief of pruritus associated with erythema with the use of an oral, low-sedating H1-antihistamine. Revision of the literature in ...
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