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Results 251 - 300 of 589
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Elias Fernando Melhem - - 2005
Cysticercosis is a condition that occurs when man is infested by the larvae of Taenia solium, acting as an intermediate host instead of definitive. Oral cysticercosis is a rare event, and it represents a difficulty in clinical diagnosis. A case of oral cysticercosis in a 23-year-old white female who presented ...
Boulman N - - 2005
Podagra is a term used to describe acute monoarthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal (1st MTP) joint. The most common diagnoses of arthritis in this joint are: crystal-induced synovitis, septic arthritis, traumatic conditions and reactive arthritis. When etiologies other than gout are involved this is frequently referred to as pseudopodagra. We ...
Vachharajani T J - - 2005
Peritonitis is the "Achilles heel" of patients on peritoneal dialysis. Fungal peritonitis though not that common is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. We report the first case in the literature of a patient who developed peritonitis caused by Curvularia geniculata. We discuss the reported cases of Curvularia lunata peritonitis ...
Kogure Toshiaki - - 2005
Lymphedema of the limbs can be an added complication in a small number of rheumatoid arthritis cases, becoming a long-standing problem even when there is good control of inflammatory joint disease. In the present article, we describe a patient with RA who developed lymph-edema of the forearms successfully treated with ...
Baevsky Robert H - - 2005
We report the first case of glossal necrotizing myositis by group A beta-hemolytic Streptococcus in an 8-year-old girl on chronic nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, immunomodulators, and steroids for juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Treatment included partial glossectomy and parenteral antibiotics. After a critical course, full recovery ensued. The subject of necrotizing myositis is ...
Mazokopakis E E - - 2005
Oral mucositis is a known complication of methotrexate (MTX) therapy, but a single efficacious intervention or agent for prophylaxis or management of this side effect has not yet been identified. We report a case of MTX-induced oral mucositis in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis, who was successfully treated with Wild ...
Angel Andres - - 2005
Herpetic infections in body cavity fluids are unusual and are rarely reported in the cytology literature. We report a case of a 74-yr-old woman who developed ascites after undergoing an elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy for biliary colic. Cytology of peritoneal fluid revealed changes in a herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection that ...
Goodchild Jason H - - 2005
A rare and unusual case of hallucinations following triazolam administration is reported. A review of the literature suggests that hallucinations following triazolam are rare; this is the first report of such a reaction when triazolam was used for oral conscious sedation in dentistry. A discussion of dental implications follows with ...
Romano C - - 2004
A case of oral erosive candidosis due to Candida albicans in a 64-year-old female patient, who had undergone kidney transplant 20 days earlier, is reported. Concomitant herpes infection was excluded. The patient achieved clinical and mycological recovery after treatment with topical and systemic antimycotics (200 mg fluconazole per day) for ...
Iacobellis G - - 2004
Gouty arthritis is characterized by the deposition of monosodium urate crystals in the joints and soft tissues. Clinical manifestations include acute and chronic arthritis and tophaceous deposits. Chronic tophaceous gout has become less common since the introduction of the pharmacological treatment. Moreover, cardiac valve gouty tophi have been very rarely ...
Srikumar S - - 2004
Autoimmune inner ear disease is a well described entity. We report a case of sudden-onset sensorineural hearing loss in association with psoriatic arthritis, which has not been reported in the literature. The case satisfies the criteria for the presumptive diagnosis of autoimmune hearing loss. A high index of suspicion, with ...
Kai Yoshitaka - - 2004
We report the case of a 76 year-old male with multiple subcutaneous nodules, but without joint symptoms or deformities, who was diagnosed histopathologically with rheumatoid nodulosis after resection of the nodules. Rheumatoid nodulosis is a disease characterized by multiple subcutaneous nodules that are histopathologically similar to rheumatoid nodules, a high ...
Chen Chun-Ming - - 2004
Free mucosal grafts or split-thickness skin grafts have been used in patients undergoing repair procedures for oral mucosal defects. Conventional methods require the creation of second surgical wounds for use as donor sites. We applied two bilayers of artificial dermis to repair a buccal mucosal defect in one case and ...
Altaykan Asli - - 2004
Interstitial granulomatous dermatitis with arthritis is an uncommon disorder. In its original description, the presence of linear inflammatory indurations on the lateral aspects of the trunk (the rope sign) in association with arthritis were considered the pathognomonic clinical features. Later cases presenting with plaques and papules have been reported. Herein ...
Katsivas Theodoros - - 2004
Peritonitis of viral etiology is rarely reported in the literature; a prior report described a patient undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis who had the disease. We report a case of primary herpetic peritonitis (the agent of which was typed by polymerase chain reaction as herpes simplex virus biotype 1), which ...
Sonsale Paresh D - - 2004
Gram-negative, anaerobic bacilli are unusual organisms to be isolated in cases of acute septic arthritis. We report the isolation of Fusobacterium necrophorum from joint aspirate in a case of acute septic arthritis, which presented 3 weeks after the drainage of a dental abscess.
Jolly Meenakshi - - 2004
Chlamydia trachomatis-triggered reactive arthritis is a well-documented entity that has been extensively described. We do not have a clear understanding about the inflammatory oligoarthritis associated with the presence of this organism. It is rarely cultured from the synovial fluid, but is usually detectable by molecular biological techniques. Typically, Chlamydia trachomatis ...
Treister Nathaniel S - - 2004
Minocycline is a semisynthetic broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent that was first introduced into clinical practice in 1967. The most common use of minocycline is for the long-term treatment of acne vulgaris. A well-recognized side effect of minocycline treatment is pigmentation, which has been reported in multiple tissues and fluids including thyroid, ...
Patel K - - 2004
Oral tonsils (ectopic oral tonsillar tissue) are rarely remarked upon. They may cause diagnostic confusion, especially when found in the floor of the mouth. We report here two cases of patients presenting because of oral tonsillar tissue, to remind colleagues of its occurrence and the need to consider the lesion ...
Mackie S L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To find out whether poststreptococcal reactive arthritis (PSRA) is a discrete, homogeneous clinical syndrome. METHOD: Literature review from case reports and case series. RESULTS: One hundred and eighty-eight cases were identified. The age distribution was bimodal, with one peak in childhood and one peak in adulthood. Eighty-three percent of ...
Vikas Agarwal, Amita Aggarwal, ...
Lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LG) is a rare systemic vasculitis caused by Epstein Barr virus induced transformation of the B-cells in a T-cell rich environment. The predominant clinical presentations are confined to the pulmonary system however; extra-pulmonary manifestations can sometimes be the main feature of the disease. Here in we describe a ...
Watanabe Michi - - 2004
We report the rare case of HES involving oral cavity associated with esophagus, and gastrointestinal tract, which we succeeded in diagnosing precisely through a biopsy specimen obtained from the lip. A 64-year-old man had dysphagia, swelling of the oral mucosa and the posterior cervical muscles, accompanied by an abdominal pain ...
Ayaşlioğlu Ergin - - 2005
Brucellosis is a systemic infectious disease with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations. Arthritis is frequently observed in its course and may be one of the main presenting clinical features of the disease. We report a case of brucellar monoarthritis of the knee with a prolonged clinical course despite efficient ...
Chan Happy - - 2004
Pityriasis rubra pilaris (PRP) is a rare group of hyperkeratotic, papulosquamous disease that can be acquired or inherited. There have been reported cases of rheumatologic associations, mainly arthritis and dermatomyositis. In this review article, we will explore the clinical presentation and classification, rheumatologic associations and treatment modalities of PRP. In ...
Dass Rashna - - 2004
Varicella in childhood is usually a self-limiting illness with few complications. Varicella nephritis is an uncommon entity and seen mostly in immunocompromized individuals. We report a 14-year-old boy with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis who developed varicella nephritis and in whom the renal manifestations preceded the skin lesions by 1 week. This ...
Whaley-Connell Adam - - 2004
Relapsing peritonitis is usually attributable to persistent catheter infection, assuming that the appropriate antibiotic is used to treat each time and that intraabdominal pathology has been ruled out. Removal of the peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter frequently is curative. We describe here a case in which partial removal of a presternal ...
Grzegorzewska A E - - 2004
This review paper describes new data on the role of aquaporins in peritoneal function, peritoneal membrane permeability, peritoneal dialysis (PD) adequacy and peritoneal membrane histology, new aspects of the use of PD solutions alternative to glucose ones and indications for use of peritoneal catheters with different configurations. Results of main ...
Minami Michio - - 2004
A 73-year-old woman with rheumatoid arthritis had lost the ability to extend the digits on her right hand. A rheumatoid cyst in the elbow caused the posterior interosseous nerve palsy. Decompression was performed, and she recovered extension of the thumb and fingers completely within 3 weeks after the operation.
Agarwal V - - 2004
Three cases of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), presenting with refractory anaemia, thrombocytopenia and peripheral lymphocytosis respectively, were observed. In all the cases haematological manifestations were unrelated to disease activity or drug toxicity. These patients were detected to have pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) (normocytic normochromic anaemia, reticulocytopenia and absence of erythroid ...
Mok C C - - 2003
The case of a 69-year-old woman who presented with abrupt onset of rheumatoid-like symmetrical polyarthritis but who was subsequently diagnosed to have disseminated abdominal carcinomatosis is reported. The temporal relationship between the joint symptoms and the discovery of carcinoma suggested that the arthritis was a paraneoplastic manifestation of the latter. ...
Manganelli Paolo - - 2003
Inflammatory pseudotumour (IPT) of the lymph nodes is an uncommon, self-limiting, non-neoplastic proliferation of spindle cells, associated with a polymorphous inflammatory cell infiltrate embedded in a collagen-rich stroma and a variable degree of fibrosis, arising in the nodal parenchyma. Its clinical picture is characterised by site-specific signs and the presence, ...
Shimoyama Masaki - - 2003
Secondary amyloidosis is well recognized as a severe complication in the late stages of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, there have been few reported cases of secondary amyloidosis developing early during the course of RA. We here report the case of a 35-year-old woman, in whom RA who had been diagnosed ...
Kim Yong-Lim - - 2003
The authors report a case of mediastinal fluid collection resulting from peritoneal-mediastinal communication after continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case in the medical literature. A dry cough developed in the patient who had been receiving CAPD for 4 ...
Alkan A - - 2003
We present 13 cases of oral mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) and review the literature. The cases were retrieved from the archives of Ondokuz Mayis University and Gülhane Military Medical Academy, Turkey, between 1997 and 2002. Inclusion criteria were clinical findings of oral MMP verified by histological and immunofluorescent examination. Thirteen ...
Greig J - - 2003
Exophiala (Wangiella) dermatitidis is a dermatiaceous mold that is an occasional cause of infection in the immunocompromised. We report a case of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis probably due to environmental contamination with this organism. Prompt catheter removal and aggressive treatment with amphotericin B allowed an eventual return to peritoneal ...
Neef Phyllis A - - 2003
We describe the first case of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD)-related peritonitis due to Lactobacillus paracasei. It occurred in a 65-year-old patient with recurrent episodes of peritonitis while he was receiving a prolonged course of intraperitoneal vancomycin. L. paracasei should be considered in the differential diagnosis of pathogens in CAPD-related ...
Haimov-Kochman Ronit - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine contraception is a widely used, highly effective means of birth control. Uterine perforation is a serious, albeit rare, complication of intrauterine device (IUD) use. Although uterine perforation by levonorgestrel-releasing (20 micro g/day) intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) has already been reported, the peritoneal adhesion potential of this IUD is unknown. ...
Aguiar A M M - - 2003
Noma is a devastating oro-facial necrotic condition affecting debilitated subjects. Oral myiasis is an infectious disease caused by deposition of larval flies in oral wounds and lesions. Oro-facial noma-myiasis association has not been previously reported in the literature. The aim of this paper is to report a case of noma ...
Nannini Esteban C - - 2003
Fungal peritonitis in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) has been associated with high mortality and high CAPD-discontinuation rates. Most cases are due to Candida spp. while Aspergillus spp. and zygomycetes have only rarely been implicated. We report one case each of CAPD-related peritonitis caused by Aspergillus terreus and ...
Voora Deepak - - 2003
Mesenteric vein thrombosis (MVT) is a distinct clinical cause of intestinal ischemia representing 5-15% of all ischemic events. MVT has acute, subacute, and chronic presentations and an underlying cause can be found in nearly 75% of cases. Exogenous hormones are used worldwide by millions of women for contraception and postmenopausal ...
Kroesen Stephan - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe the case of a patient suffering from pulmonary silicosis associated with a rheumatoid factor negative, antinuclear antibody positive, symmetrical, nonerosive synovitis, and interstitial granulomatous dermatitis (IGD) and compare it with similar cases reported in the literature. METHODS: Literature search to identify published cases of IGD with arthritis ...
Wright K - - 2003
While filamentous fungi are a rare cause of peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis patients, there is increasing recognition of Paecilomyces species as pathogens in such patients. We herein report a case of fungal peritonitis secondary to the filamentous Paecilomyces variotii species. The patient had a long and ultimately fatal course of ...
Lawrentschuk Nathan - - 2003
Pyomyositis is relatively rare in temperate climates. This is the first report of a case of calf pyomyositis associated with septic arthritis of the knee. This case illustrates that pyomyositis should be included in the differential diagnosis of a swollen, tender calf in an emergency setting. The other notable feature ...
Fornatora Maria L - - 2003
Oral melanoacanthoma (MA) is rare reactive mucosal lesion that, like cutaneous MA, demonstrates hyperplasia of spinous keratinocytes and melanocytes. Unlike MA of the skin, oral MA is unrelated to seborrheic keratosis. This series adds 10 cases to the limited number of previous reports of oral MA. The clinicopathologic features of ...
Whitehead S E - - 2003
We report a case of septic arthritis of an interphalangeal joint and osteomyelitis of the phalanx due toMycobacterium malmoense in a 61-year-old man with a 20 year history of rheumatoid arthritis treated with steroids and azathioprine. This was successfully treated with ethambutol, rifampicin and clarithromycin. To our knowledge this is ...
Genné D - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In this retrospective study, the possibility of using amoxicillin/clavulanate for empirical therapy of secondary peritonitis as an alternative to imipenem was explored. METHODS: All secondary peritonitis cases at our institution between 1998 and 2000 were included. Susceptibility to imipenem and amoxicillin/clavulanate of microorganisms isolated in peritoneal fluid and success ...
Szepietowski Jacek C - - 2003
Oral terbinafine is a widely used antifungal agent. Adverse effects occur in about 11% of patients taking terbinafine. A rare case of the exacerbation of pre-existing psoriasis after oral terbinafine treatment is reported. A 63-year-old male patient with stable psoriasis vulgaris developed extensive tinea cruris. For this reason, he was ...
Pouplin Sophie - - 2002
We report a case of bacteriologically documented hip infection caused by Yersinia enterocolitica. A 67-year-old male with a history of valvular disease was admitted for pain and motion range limitation in the left hip with a fever. No organisms were recovered by needle aspiration, but Yersinia enterocolitica grew in joint ...
Chouaki T - - 2002
Trichoderma species are filamentous fungi that were previously considered to be culture contaminants. We report 2 well-documented cases of invasive Trichoderma infections, and we comprehensively review the literature on this topic. Trichoderma species are mainly responsible for continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis (7 cases) and invasive infections in immunocompromised patients ...
Lequerré Thierry - - 2002
In a man with osteoarthritis of the knee, Actinomyces naeslundii septic arthritis developed after intra-articular injection of hyaluronate. Actinomyces is an anaerobic Gram-positive rod. The outcome was favorable after treatment with two antibiotics and arthroscopy. The nature of the organism and its location to a joint are unusual features of ...
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