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Results 251 - 300 of 612
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Miki Roberto Augusto - - 2006
We describe the first reported case of a spontaneous septic arthritis caused by Burkholderia cepacia, the organism responsible for onion skin rot. The source of infection was most likely from hematogenous spread, as the patient's blood cultures were positive for B. cepacia. Treatment involved arthroscopic irrigation and drainage of the ...
Saif Muhammad Wasif - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cryptococcus neoformans is an encapsulated yeast that is an important cause of infection in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), lymphoid malignancies, and in those receiving corticosteroid therapy. The spectrum of diseases caused by C neoformans ranges from pulmonary infection to disseminated disease frequently involving the central nervous system, ...
Kreitzer Todd - - 2006
Bacillary angiomatosis, a rare and possibly fatal disease, occurs mainly in HIV-infected patients. However, it has been reported in patients with cancer and in recipients of solid organs receiving immunosuppressive drugs such as cyclosporine. This case report describes a 66-year-old man who came to dermatology practice in Clarksburg for an ...
Haraoui Boulos - - 2006
The anti-tumor necrosis factor agents are now widely used in the management of patients with rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis and juvenile inflammatory arthritis. One of the most common observations made during their use is the development of autoantibodies. The purpose of this paper is to review this phenomenon ...
Patel R S - - 2006
Acquired haemophilia is rare and potentially fatal, with a mortality of 20% if left untreated. There is a strong association with other autoimmune diseases. This report describes a patient with rheumatoid arthritis, vitiligo, and bullous pemphigoid where the diagnosis of acquired haemophilia was made after an extensive bleed into a ...
Leppänen Heidi - - 2006
The first-line antibiotic treatment of peritoneal dialysis (PD) peritonitis has to cover the most common causative microorganisms. Our aim was to analyse antimicrobial sensitivities of different empirical protocols for initial therapy of PD peritonitis. We analysed the aetiological microorganisms of PD peritonitis and their antimicrobial sensitivities during a 36-month period. ...
Tsochatzis Emmanuel - - 2005
Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) is a rare type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma with systemic manifestations, including fever, lymphadenopathy, rash, and rarely arthritis. We report the case of a patient who presented with symmetric inflammatory polyarthritis and skin nodules resembling rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The patient responded initially to low-dose prednisolone, but 12 ...
Mignogna Michele D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is one of the most common oral mucosa disorders. OLP gingival involvement is very frequently observed, and it is characterized by wide variations in clinical appearance and symptoms, leading, in many cases, to misdiagnosis or undiagnosis. This can be potentially harmful since OLP patients require ...
Richmond Bryan K - - 2005
The use of oral bisphosphonates in the primary care setting is increasing, most commonly to preserve bone density and prevent the development or progression of osteoporosis. We report a case of profound hypocalcemia occurring in a patient who underwent thyroidectomy while receiving chronic oral risedronate therapy for osteoporosis. In addition, ...
Schafernak Kristian T - - 2005
Co-existent crescentic glomerulonephritis and renal amyloidosis have only rarely been reported thus far. To our knowledge, only about eighteen convincing cases (with >50% crescents) have been described, mostly in the context of rheumatoid arthritis. In this report, we add a case from our institution and review the existing literature, including ...
Chang Chung-Cheng - - 2005
This is a case of an 11-year-old boy who developed septic arthritis of the right knee after a stabbing injury by a toothpick. Arthroscopic debridement of the distal femur and arthrotomy with synovectomy were performed at two hospitals. Cultures from both yielded Eikenella corrodens, an organism that may be normally ...
Renberg Walter C - - 2005
This article primarily reviews the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and therapy of osteoarthritis but also briefly discusses immune-mediated arthritides. Given the frequency of occurrence of arthritis in veterinary patients, it is crucial that clinicians be aware of the mechanisms of the disease and be comfortable with diagnosis and treatment. Unfortunately,there is a ...
Pimentel Jason D - - 2005
Fungal peritonitis due to Curvularia species in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis is a very rare problem. We report a case of peritonitis caused by Curvularia inaequalis. This is the first report in the English literature of this species causing human infection. We also review the six previously reported cases of ...
Szporn Arnold H - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe the detection of collagen balls in peritoneal washings over a 10-year period, revealing an unexpected and unexplained higher incidence than in the past. STUDY DESIGN: Reports of routinely processed, Papanicolaou-stained smears and cytospins and hematoxylineosin-stained cell blocks from peritoneal washes and ascitic fluids seen over an 8-year ...
Rectenwald Joseph P - - 2005
We present 2 cases of symptomatic nondissociative dorsal intercalated segment instability (CIND-DISI) collapse after trapeziectomy and partial trapezoidectomy for pantrapezial arthritis. Preoperative radiographs showed normal carpal alignment in 1 case and a mild DISI alignment in the other. After surgery both developed increased CIND-DISI and carpal symptoms that differed from ...
Wachi Kelly - - 2005
We report the first case of T-cell lymphopenia in a woman with rheumatoid arthritis who developed molluscum contagiosum with infliximab and cyclophosphamide. She presented in July 2000 with optic neuropathy and arthritis refractory to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. After starting prednisone and cyclophosphamide, she became leukopenic (1.8x10 cells/microL), a condition that ...
Gerrits G Peter - - 2005
We report the first case of community-acquired bacteremia with Burkholderia fungorum, a newly described member of the Burkholderia cepacia complex. A 9-year-old girl sought treatment with septic arthritis in her right knee and ankle with soft tissue involvement. Commercial identification systems did not identify the causative microorganism.
Rosen Les B - - 2005
Elastosis perforans serpiginosa (EPS) is a rare complication of D-penicillamine therapy. EPS has been reported in patients with Wilson disease, cystinuria, and rheumatoid arthritis after many years of high-dose therapy. We report a case of D-penicillamine-induced EPS with coexisting acquired cutis laxa in a patient with cystinuria. Although both EPS ...
Schett Georg - - 2005
Listeriosis can be a cause of infectious arthritis. Here, we present a case of articular listeriosis in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis receiving treatment with etanercept, a tumor necrosis factor antagonist. We review the literature of articular listeriosis and discuss the role of tumor necrosis factor blockade in precipitating listeriosis.
Wu Chen-Ching - - 2005
Rheumatoid arthritis is a systemic disease with manifestations in many organs. In most cases, involvement of the locomotor system dominates the clinical picture. However, extra-articular manifestations can be detected in almost any organ system with varied incidence in different series. Ophthalmic presentations include Sjogren's syndrome, episcleritis, and scleritis. The most ...
da Cunha Isabela Werneck - - 2005
We report a unique case of a 42-year-old woman with a dedifferentiated liposarcoma of the soft tissue of the oral cavity with angiosarcomatous dedifferentiation. Liposarcomas compromising the head and neck region are very unusual, and most of the cases in oral cavity show a well-differentiated pattern. Dedifferentiation in liposarcomas occurs ...
Elwitigala J P - - 2005
Aeromonas hydrophila is a rare human pathogen, and worldwide, soft tissue infections following water-related injuries are the most common. However, septic arthritis due to A. hydrophila remains uncommon with only seven cases previously reported in the English literature. In this report, we describe the important clinical features, microbiological findings and ...
Hoshina Daichi - - 2005
Due to the fact that both multicentric reticulohistiocytosis (MRH) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are destructive arthritic and skin disorders, it is often difficult to differentiate one from the other. Here, we report the case of a 67-year-old Japanese woman who had been diagnosed as suffering from RA 20 years ago, ...
Elias Fernando Melhem - - 2005
Cysticercosis is a condition that occurs when man is infested by the larvae of Taenia solium, acting as an intermediate host instead of definitive. Oral cysticercosis is a rare event, and it represents a difficulty in clinical diagnosis. A case of oral cysticercosis in a 23-year-old white female who presented ...
Boulman N - - 2005
Podagra is a term used to describe acute monoarthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal (1st MTP) joint. The most common diagnoses of arthritis in this joint are: crystal-induced synovitis, septic arthritis, traumatic conditions and reactive arthritis. When etiologies other than gout are involved this is frequently referred to as pseudopodagra. We ...
Angel Andres - - 2005
Herpetic infections in body cavity fluids are unusual and are rarely reported in the cytology literature. We report a case of a 74-yr-old woman who developed ascites after undergoing an elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy for biliary colic. Cytology of peritoneal fluid revealed changes in a herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection that ...
Baevsky Robert H - - 2005
We report the first case of glossal necrotizing myositis by group A beta-hemolytic Streptococcus in an 8-year-old girl on chronic nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, immunomodulators, and steroids for juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Treatment included partial glossectomy and parenteral antibiotics. After a critical course, full recovery ensued. The subject of necrotizing myositis is ...
Goodchild Jason H - - 2005
A rare and unusual case of hallucinations following triazolam administration is reported. A review of the literature suggests that hallucinations following triazolam are rare; this is the first report of such a reaction when triazolam was used for oral conscious sedation in dentistry. A discussion of dental implications follows with ...
Kogure Toshiaki - - 2005
Lymphedema of the limbs can be an added complication in a small number of rheumatoid arthritis cases, becoming a long-standing problem even when there is good control of inflammatory joint disease. In the present article, we describe a patient with RA who developed lymph-edema of the forearms successfully treated with ...
Mazokopakis E E - - 2005
Oral mucositis is a known complication of methotrexate (MTX) therapy, but a single efficacious intervention or agent for prophylaxis or management of this side effect has not yet been identified. We report a case of MTX-induced oral mucositis in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis, who was successfully treated with Wild ...
Vachharajani T J - - 2005
Peritonitis is the "Achilles heel" of patients on peritoneal dialysis. Fungal peritonitis though not that common is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. We report the first case in the literature of a patient who developed peritonitis caused by Curvularia geniculata. We discuss the reported cases of Curvularia lunata peritonitis ...
Romano C - - 2004
A case of oral erosive candidosis due to Candida albicans in a 64-year-old female patient, who had undergone kidney transplant 20 days earlier, is reported. Concomitant herpes infection was excluded. The patient achieved clinical and mycological recovery after treatment with topical and systemic antimycotics (200 mg fluconazole per day) for ...
Srikumar S - - 2004
Autoimmune inner ear disease is a well described entity. We report a case of sudden-onset sensorineural hearing loss in association with psoriatic arthritis, which has not been reported in the literature. The case satisfies the criteria for the presumptive diagnosis of autoimmune hearing loss. A high index of suspicion, with ...
Kai Yoshitaka - - 2004
We report the case of a 76 year-old male with multiple subcutaneous nodules, but without joint symptoms or deformities, who was diagnosed histopathologically with rheumatoid nodulosis after resection of the nodules. Rheumatoid nodulosis is a disease characterized by multiple subcutaneous nodules that are histopathologically similar to rheumatoid nodules, a high ...
Iacobellis G - - 2004
Gouty arthritis is characterized by the deposition of monosodium urate crystals in the joints and soft tissues. Clinical manifestations include acute and chronic arthritis and tophaceous deposits. Chronic tophaceous gout has become less common since the introduction of the pharmacological treatment. Moreover, cardiac valve gouty tophi have been very rarely ...
Chen Chun-Ming - - 2004
Free mucosal grafts or split-thickness skin grafts have been used in patients undergoing repair procedures for oral mucosal defects. Conventional methods require the creation of second surgical wounds for use as donor sites. We applied two bilayers of artificial dermis to repair a buccal mucosal defect in one case and ...
Sonsale Paresh D - - 2004
Gram-negative, anaerobic bacilli are unusual organisms to be isolated in cases of acute septic arthritis. We report the isolation of Fusobacterium necrophorum from joint aspirate in a case of acute septic arthritis, which presented 3 weeks after the drainage of a dental abscess.
Katsivas Theodoros - - 2004
Peritonitis of viral etiology is rarely reported in the literature; a prior report described a patient undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis who had the disease. We report a case of primary herpetic peritonitis (the agent of which was typed by polymerase chain reaction as herpes simplex virus biotype 1), which ...
Altaykan Asli - - 2004
Interstitial granulomatous dermatitis with arthritis is an uncommon disorder. In its original description, the presence of linear inflammatory indurations on the lateral aspects of the trunk (the rope sign) in association with arthritis were considered the pathognomonic clinical features. Later cases presenting with plaques and papules have been reported. Herein ...
Jolly Meenakshi - - 2004
Chlamydia trachomatis-triggered reactive arthritis is a well-documented entity that has been extensively described. We do not have a clear understanding about the inflammatory oligoarthritis associated with the presence of this organism. It is rarely cultured from the synovial fluid, but is usually detectable by molecular biological techniques. Typically, Chlamydia trachomatis ...
Treister Nathaniel S - - 2004
Minocycline is a semisynthetic broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent that was first introduced into clinical practice in 1967. The most common use of minocycline is for the long-term treatment of acne vulgaris. A well-recognized side effect of minocycline treatment is pigmentation, which has been reported in multiple tissues and fluids including thyroid, ...
Patel K - - 2004
Oral tonsils (ectopic oral tonsillar tissue) are rarely remarked upon. They may cause diagnostic confusion, especially when found in the floor of the mouth. We report here two cases of patients presenting because of oral tonsillar tissue, to remind colleagues of its occurrence and the need to consider the lesion ...
Mackie S L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To find out whether poststreptococcal reactive arthritis (PSRA) is a discrete, homogeneous clinical syndrome. METHOD: Literature review from case reports and case series. RESULTS: One hundred and eighty-eight cases were identified. The age distribution was bimodal, with one peak in childhood and one peak in adulthood. Eighty-three percent of ...
Vikas Agarwal, Amita Aggarwal, ...
Lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LG) is a rare systemic vasculitis caused by Epstein Barr virus induced transformation of the B-cells in a T-cell rich environment. The predominant clinical presentations are confined to the pulmonary system however; extra-pulmonary manifestations can sometimes be the main feature of the disease. Here in we describe a ...
Watanabe Michi - - 2004
We report the rare case of HES involving oral cavity associated with esophagus, and gastrointestinal tract, which we succeeded in diagnosing precisely through a biopsy specimen obtained from the lip. A 64-year-old man had dysphagia, swelling of the oral mucosa and the posterior cervical muscles, accompanied by an abdominal pain ...
Ayaşlioğlu Ergin - - 2005
Brucellosis is a systemic infectious disease with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations. Arthritis is frequently observed in its course and may be one of the main presenting clinical features of the disease. We report a case of brucellar monoarthritis of the knee with a prolonged clinical course despite efficient ...
Chan Happy - - 2004
Pityriasis rubra pilaris (PRP) is a rare group of hyperkeratotic, papulosquamous disease that can be acquired or inherited. There have been reported cases of rheumatologic associations, mainly arthritis and dermatomyositis. In this review article, we will explore the clinical presentation and classification, rheumatologic associations and treatment modalities of PRP. In ...
Dass Rashna - - 2004
Varicella in childhood is usually a self-limiting illness with few complications. Varicella nephritis is an uncommon entity and seen mostly in immunocompromized individuals. We report a 14-year-old boy with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis who developed varicella nephritis and in whom the renal manifestations preceded the skin lesions by 1 week. This ...
Grzegorzewska A E - - 2004
This review paper describes new data on the role of aquaporins in peritoneal function, peritoneal membrane permeability, peritoneal dialysis (PD) adequacy and peritoneal membrane histology, new aspects of the use of PD solutions alternative to glucose ones and indications for use of peritoneal catheters with different configurations. Results of main ...
Agarwal V - - 2004
Three cases of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), presenting with refractory anaemia, thrombocytopenia and peripheral lymphocytosis respectively, were observed. In all the cases haematological manifestations were unrelated to disease activity or drug toxicity. These patients were detected to have pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) (normocytic normochromic anaemia, reticulocytopenia and absence of erythroid ...
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