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Results 201 - 250 of 588
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Yegane Rooh-Allah - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Many rare conditions may cause secondary peritonitis. Injection site infection as a primary source of peritonitis has not been reported. METHODS: Case report and review of the pertinent English-language literature. RESULTS: We describe a 39-year-old intravenous drug user who presented with peritonitis. During the surgical exploration, all abdominal organs ...
Wi Yu Mi - - 2007
We report a case of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis from Ochrobactrum anthropi. O. anthropi is recognized as an emerging pathogen in immunocompromised patients. In contrast to most previously described cases, the patient reported here had no indwelling catheter. To our knowledge, no case of O. anthropi spontaneous bacterial peritonitis has been ...
Verschueren Kilian - - 2007
We report two rheumatoid arthritis patients developing sarcoidosis possibly induced by etanercept. Both women, aged 46 and 53, had erosive, rheumatoid-factor-positive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) for 7 and 6 years, respectively. The eldest had received infliximab for over a year with good response, which was stopped because of a perfusion reaction. ...
Wang Hom-Lay - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonates suppress osteoclast activity, and their intravenous use has been reported in hundreds of cases to be associated with osteonecrosis in the jaw. Little is known of the risks associated with long-term use of oral bisphosphonates despite their use for >10 years by an oral mode of delivery for ...
Brooks John K - - 2007
Use of various bisphosphonates has been associated with the development of osteonecrosis of the jaws (ONJ). At least 865 cases of ONJ attributed to these agents have been reported in the English-language literature. Approximately 96% of these published cases were seen with administration of the intravenous agents pamidronate and zoledronate, ...
Rafailidis Petros I - - 2007
We present the case of a 53-y-old patient who complained of fever, pain and oedema of the right knee and the right calf. Colour ultrasonography showed thrombosis of the tibial and peroneal veins, while paracentesis of the knee joint showed characteristics of an inflammatory exudate. Culture of the arthritic fluid ...
Sambrook Philip - - 2007
Osteoporosis is a common clinical problem, especially in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). A reduction in bone mineral density (BMD) of the axial and appendicular skeleton ranging from 7% to 15% has been reported in RA in studies employing a variety of densitometric techniques. Reports consistent with a beneficial effect ...
Yokoe Isamu - - 2007
We encountered the rare case of a 50-year-old woman who developed rheumatoid arthritis (RA) while suffering from Takayasu's arteritis of arch vessel type. prednisolone (PSL) therapy was continued at a maintenance dose of 7.5 mg due to recurring inflammation. She was affected with RA for 7 years after Takayasu's arteritis. ...
Cho Isamu - - 2007
Methotrexate (MTX) pneumonia is an unpredictable and sometimes life-threatening adverse effect occurring in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We present a case of MTX pneumonia lacking severe respiratory symptoms and typical radiographic findings. A 66-year-old man with early RA presented with intermittent fever and nonproductive cough during the MTX ...
Torchia Daniele - - 2006
We report a case of a 15-year-old Caucasian female, previously affected by non-segmental vitiligo and psoriasis vulgaris, who developed a psoriatic eruption on sun-exposed skin during the summer. Oral therapy with cyclosporine A achieved a rapid improvement of the clinical picture. The main features of photosensitive psoriasis and the association ...
Sembronio Salvatore - - 2007
Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is infrequently reported. We present a case of septic arthritis of the TMJ following the extraction of the left upper second molar that occurred 1 week before beginning of symptoms. No evident predisposing factors were detected. Arthroscopic diagnosis of septic arthritis, lysis and ...
Cuomo Anna - - 2006
Here we report the first documented case of rice body formation within the biceps tenosynovium in a patient with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. We discuss the pathophysiology and the clinical and radiographic findings and correlate these to prior case studies. Lastly, we suggest that limited awareness is a barrier in achieving ...
Jo Seong Jin - - 2006
Acrodermatitis continua of Hallopeau (ACH) is a rare chronic pustular eruption that predominantly involves the fingertips. The characterization of this disease has been confused. Some have considered it as a separate entity while others as a variant of pustular psoriasis. The presented patient simultaneously had ACH and joint lesions which ...
Boffetta P - - 2007
The epidemiology of peritoneal mesothelioma is complicated by possible geographic and temporal variations in diagnostic practices. The incidence rates in industrialized countries range between 0.5 and three cases per million in men and between 0.2 and two cases per million in women. Exposure to asbestos is the main known cause ...
Valari M - - 2006
Tinea capitis as a result of Trichophyton rubrum has very rarely been reported in infants. A 3-month-old girl with tinea capitis as a result of T. rubrum is reported. Our patient was treated with a 3-week course of oral fluconazole, which resulted in clearance of the scalp lesion. To our ...
Salliot Carine - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium xenopi is a nontuberculous mycobacterium responsible for opportunistic and nosocomial infections, chiefly of the lung; few cases of bone and joint infection have been reported. From July 1989 through May 1993, an outbreak of 58 cases of nosocomial discitis due to M. xenopi infection following percutaneous nucleotomy occurred ...
Chen Daniel Litu - - 2006
Polyfibromatosis is a rare condition in which several cutaneous fibrotic conditions, such as Dupuytren's contracture, keloid formation, Peyronie's disease and plantar fibromatosis, may coexist. Interstitial granulomatous dermatitis with arthritis is also a rare condition characterized by arthritis and infiltrated rope-like lesions with granulomatous histologic features. We report a case of ...
Righi Alberto - - 2006
Ninety-eight consecutive surgical biopsies of oral mucosa from 96 patients were evaluated immunohistochemically with an anti-cytokeratin 20 (CK 20) anti-body to evidence Merkel cells (MC). Fifteen cases, showing the highest number of MC, were additionally studied with chromogranin A, S-100 protein, neuro filaments, epithelial membrane antigen, and double immunostaining for ...
Bennett Amanda - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Bentonite is a clay substance that has been used as a homeopathic cathartic. Oral ingestion of bentonite in large quantities has the potential to cause gastrointestinal obstruction and electrolyte abnormalities. We present a case of severe hypokalemia in a pediatric patient who received both oral and rectal administrations of ...
Wang Hon-Pin - - 2007
A 79-year-old male with acute myelogenous leukemia developed acute right knee arthritis during admission, after the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics before chemotherapy. The initial synovial fluid sample appeared to be mildly inflammatory with a low white cell count. The fungal septic arthritis was not diagnosed until Candida tropicalis, a rare ...
Burton Jeremy P - - 2006
Streptococcus salivarius is a prominent member of the oral microbiota and has excellent potential for use as a probiotic targeting the oral cavity. In this report we document safety data relating to S. salivarius K12, including assessment of its antibiogram, metabolic profiles, and virulence determinants, and we examine the microbial ...
El Mahou Soumaya - - 2006
Remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis pitting oedema (RS3PE) is a distinct form of seronegative rheumatoid arthritis like polyarthritis. It is characterized by late onset symmetrical joint involvement and pitting oedema of hands and feet (JAMA 254(19):2763-2767, [1]). Polyarthritis secondary to intravesical Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG) therapy has been reported (Clin Rheumatol ...
Wilson Ian G - - 2006
We previously reported the case of a patient who became ill with Salmonella serotype Blockley after eating a chicken meal and who was still suffering symptoms of salmonella-reactive arthritis 10 years after the initial infection. The immunological consequences of infection were of concern and prompted a literature review because of ...
Park Dong Jun - - 2006
Bacillus licheniformis is a rare pathogen in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) peritonitis. Only one case of B. licheniformis peritonitis has been previously reported but relapsing peritonitis by same species has not been reported. A 31-year-old man undergoing CAPD was admitted to our hospital with diarrhoea and turbid peritoneal effluent. ...
Rivero Elena Riet Correa - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to detect the chromosomal translocation t(12;16)(q13;p11) that leads to a gene fusion encoding a FUS-CHOP chimeric protein and has been shown to be highly characteristic of myxoid and round cell subtypes of liposarcoma, in a case of oral myxoid liposarcoma. METHOD AND MATERIALS: ...
Gutiérrez-Macías Alfonso - - 2007
We present a case of tuberculous peritonitis in a 71-year-old woman with long-standing rheumatoid arthritis treated with adalimumab, and we review the association between antitumor necrosis factor therapy and tuberculosis. Our case illustrates that the index of suspicion of tuberculosis in these patients, even with atypical clinical features, must be ...
Saif Muhammad Wasif - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cryptococcus neoformans is an encapsulated yeast that is an important cause of infection in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), lymphoid malignancies, and in those receiving corticosteroid therapy. The spectrum of diseases caused by C neoformans ranges from pulmonary infection to disseminated disease frequently involving the central nervous system, ...
Miki Roberto Augusto - - 2006
We describe the first reported case of a spontaneous septic arthritis caused by Burkholderia cepacia, the organism responsible for onion skin rot. The source of infection was most likely from hematogenous spread, as the patient's blood cultures were positive for B. cepacia. Treatment involved arthroscopic irrigation and drainage of the ...
Leppänen Heidi - - 2006
The first-line antibiotic treatment of peritoneal dialysis (PD) peritonitis has to cover the most common causative microorganisms. Our aim was to analyse antimicrobial sensitivities of different empirical protocols for initial therapy of PD peritonitis. We analysed the aetiological microorganisms of PD peritonitis and their antimicrobial sensitivities during a 36-month period. ...
Kreitzer Todd - - 2006
Bacillary angiomatosis, a rare and possibly fatal disease, occurs mainly in HIV-infected patients. However, it has been reported in patients with cancer and in recipients of solid organs receiving immunosuppressive drugs such as cyclosporine. This case report describes a 66-year-old man who came to dermatology practice in Clarksburg for an ...
Haraoui Boulos - - 2006
The anti-tumor necrosis factor agents are now widely used in the management of patients with rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis and juvenile inflammatory arthritis. One of the most common observations made during their use is the development of autoantibodies. The purpose of this paper is to review this phenomenon ...
Patel R S - - 2006
Acquired haemophilia is rare and potentially fatal, with a mortality of 20% if left untreated. There is a strong association with other autoimmune diseases. This report describes a patient with rheumatoid arthritis, vitiligo, and bullous pemphigoid where the diagnosis of acquired haemophilia was made after an extensive bleed into a ...
Tsochatzis Emmanuel - - 2005
Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) is a rare type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma with systemic manifestations, including fever, lymphadenopathy, rash, and rarely arthritis. We report the case of a patient who presented with symmetric inflammatory polyarthritis and skin nodules resembling rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The patient responded initially to low-dose prednisolone, but 12 ...
Richmond Bryan K - - 2005
The use of oral bisphosphonates in the primary care setting is increasing, most commonly to preserve bone density and prevent the development or progression of osteoporosis. We report a case of profound hypocalcemia occurring in a patient who underwent thyroidectomy while receiving chronic oral risedronate therapy for osteoporosis. In addition, ...
Mignogna Michele D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is one of the most common oral mucosa disorders. OLP gingival involvement is very frequently observed, and it is characterized by wide variations in clinical appearance and symptoms, leading, in many cases, to misdiagnosis or undiagnosis. This can be potentially harmful since OLP patients require ...
Chang Chung-Cheng - - 2005
This is a case of an 11-year-old boy who developed septic arthritis of the right knee after a stabbing injury by a toothpick. Arthroscopic debridement of the distal femur and arthrotomy with synovectomy were performed at two hospitals. Cultures from both yielded Eikenella corrodens, an organism that may be normally ...
Renberg Walter C - - 2005
This article primarily reviews the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and therapy of osteoarthritis but also briefly discusses immune-mediated arthritides. Given the frequency of occurrence of arthritis in veterinary patients, it is crucial that clinicians be aware of the mechanisms of the disease and be comfortable with diagnosis and treatment. Unfortunately,there is a ...
Schafernak Kristian T - - 2005
Co-existent crescentic glomerulonephritis and renal amyloidosis have only rarely been reported thus far. To our knowledge, only about eighteen convincing cases (with >50% crescents) have been described, mostly in the context of rheumatoid arthritis. In this report, we add a case from our institution and review the existing literature, including ...
Pimentel Jason D - - 2005
Fungal peritonitis due to Curvularia species in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis is a very rare problem. We report a case of peritonitis caused by Curvularia inaequalis. This is the first report in the English literature of this species causing human infection. We also review the six previously reported cases of ...
Wachi Kelly - - 2005
We report the first case of T-cell lymphopenia in a woman with rheumatoid arthritis who developed molluscum contagiosum with infliximab and cyclophosphamide. She presented in July 2000 with optic neuropathy and arthritis refractory to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. After starting prednisone and cyclophosphamide, she became leukopenic (1.8x10 cells/microL), a condition that ...
Szporn Arnold H - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe the detection of collagen balls in peritoneal washings over a 10-year period, revealing an unexpected and unexplained higher incidence than in the past. STUDY DESIGN: Reports of routinely processed, Papanicolaou-stained smears and cytospins and hematoxylineosin-stained cell blocks from peritoneal washes and ascitic fluids seen over an 8-year ...
Gerrits G Peter - - 2005
We report the first case of community-acquired bacteremia with Burkholderia fungorum, a newly described member of the Burkholderia cepacia complex. A 9-year-old girl sought treatment with septic arthritis in her right knee and ankle with soft tissue involvement. Commercial identification systems did not identify the causative microorganism.
Rectenwald Joseph P - - 2005
We present 2 cases of symptomatic nondissociative dorsal intercalated segment instability (CIND-DISI) collapse after trapeziectomy and partial trapezoidectomy for pantrapezial arthritis. Preoperative radiographs showed normal carpal alignment in 1 case and a mild DISI alignment in the other. After surgery both developed increased CIND-DISI and carpal symptoms that differed from ...
Rosen Les B - - 2005
Elastosis perforans serpiginosa (EPS) is a rare complication of D-penicillamine therapy. EPS has been reported in patients with Wilson disease, cystinuria, and rheumatoid arthritis after many years of high-dose therapy. We report a case of D-penicillamine-induced EPS with coexisting acquired cutis laxa in a patient with cystinuria. Although both EPS ...
Wu Chen-Ching - - 2005
Rheumatoid arthritis is a systemic disease with manifestations in many organs. In most cases, involvement of the locomotor system dominates the clinical picture. However, extra-articular manifestations can be detected in almost any organ system with varied incidence in different series. Ophthalmic presentations include Sjogren's syndrome, episcleritis, and scleritis. The most ...
Schett Georg - - 2005
Listeriosis can be a cause of infectious arthritis. Here, we present a case of articular listeriosis in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis receiving treatment with etanercept, a tumor necrosis factor antagonist. We review the literature of articular listeriosis and discuss the role of tumor necrosis factor blockade in precipitating listeriosis.
da Cunha Isabela Werneck - - 2005
We report a unique case of a 42-year-old woman with a dedifferentiated liposarcoma of the soft tissue of the oral cavity with angiosarcomatous dedifferentiation. Liposarcomas compromising the head and neck region are very unusual, and most of the cases in oral cavity show a well-differentiated pattern. Dedifferentiation in liposarcomas occurs ...
Elwitigala J P - - 2005
Aeromonas hydrophila is a rare human pathogen, and worldwide, soft tissue infections following water-related injuries are the most common. However, septic arthritis due to A. hydrophila remains uncommon with only seven cases previously reported in the English literature. In this report, we describe the important clinical features, microbiological findings and ...
Hoshina Daichi - - 2005
Due to the fact that both multicentric reticulohistiocytosis (MRH) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are destructive arthritic and skin disorders, it is often difficult to differentiate one from the other. Here, we report the case of a 67-year-old Japanese woman who had been diagnosed as suffering from RA 20 years ago, ...
Elias Fernando Melhem - - 2005
Cysticercosis is a condition that occurs when man is infested by the larvae of Taenia solium, acting as an intermediate host instead of definitive. Oral cysticercosis is a rare event, and it represents a difficulty in clinical diagnosis. A case of oral cysticercosis in a 23-year-old white female who presented ...
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