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Dubois James M - - 2012
In this paper we describe our approach to understanding wrongdoing in medical research and practice, which involves the statistical analysis of coded data from a large set of published cases. We focus on understanding the environmental factors that predict the kind and the severity of wrongdoing in medicine. Through review ...
Ben Shimol S - - 2011
Listeria monocytogenes meningitis is very rare in immunocompetent children. We present a case of a previously healthy 6-year-old girl who developed L. monocytogenes meningitis and ventriculitis. We also review the medical literature on non-neonatal L. monocytogenes meningitis in immunocompetent children.
Wilson Megan - - 2012
Streptococcus salivarius is a normal member of the human oral microbiome that is an uncommon cause of invasive infections. Meningitis is a rare but increasingly reported infection caused by S. salivarius. Despite the growing number of reported cases, a comprehensive review of the literature on S. salivarius meningitis is lacking. ...
Consunji-Araneta Raquel - - 2011
Tuberculosis (TB) remains the "great pretender." We report the case of a 10-year-old female, who presented with a mass in the left chest that was suspected initially to be a tumor. This was later confirmed to be tuberculous in nature, with dissemination to the liver. A large granuloma eventually replaced ...
Pan Weihua - - 2011
Cryptococcal meningitis is mainly caused by Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii, but occasionally other Cryptococcus species and phylogenetically related species are involved. Herein, we present a case of cryptococcal meningitis from China, which was caused by an azole and flucytosine resistant Filobasidium uniguttulatum. In addition, we present an overview of ...
Ebrahimi Mahbod M Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Women's (Mirza Koochak Khan) Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran ; Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, - - 2011
Premature ovarian failure (POF) affects 1% of young women. This condition has significant psychological sequelae and major health implications. POF seriously interferes with fertility and family planning. Diverse etiologies are associated with POF. Literature review related to the causes and pathogenesis of POF, cited between the year 1900 and May ...
Koning Mark V - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this case is to report the rare complication of a meningitis after an invasive treatment of the trigeminal ganglion. METHODS: In this case report, two cases of meningitis due to oral streptococci are reported and a review of literature is presented. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: This complication ...
Chaves Netto Henrique Duque - - 2011
Ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) can be a result of several causes such as trauma, degenerative changes, infection, and space-occupying lesion. When occurring during early childhood, it can result in severe functional disability and facial deformity. Septic arthritis is an uncommon disease associated with systemic and local factors being ...
Cahill K C - - 2011
We present the case of a previously well patient who presented to the Emergency Department of a Dublin hospital with a tuberculous infection of his dominant index finger and a very low serum vitamin D level - this has been implicated in both primary and reactivation infections with Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. ...
Sadat Umar - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is a commonly occurring complication associated with the use of contrast media in radiological studies. Various clinical studies have been reported investigating the nephroprotective role of statins. In this article, we review relevant clinical studies reported in 2010. RECENT FINDINGS: An overview of these ...
Claassens Lily L Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, the - - 2011
This study is an update of a systematic review of health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) methodology reporting in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The objective was to evaluate HRQOL methodology reporting over the last decade and its benefit for clinical decision making. A MEDLINE systematic literature review was performed. ...
Colasacco Carol - - 2011
Although a detailed description of the procedure and tissue used as controls is considered a necessary component in surgical pathology articles in which immunohistochemistry is utilized, such documentation seems less stringent in the cytopathologic literature. A comprehensive literature search was done for articles published in English within the last 15 ...
Kirsch Veronica - - 2011
This review summarizes studies investigating psychophysiological alterations associated with pediatric posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The authors conducted a computer-based search in the databases PsycINFO, PSYNDEXplus, and Medline. Additional studies were retrieved using a pyramid scheme. The literature search identified 29 articles. Most studies measured alterations shortly after exposure. Differences from ...
Glenn Catherine R - - 2011
The current study examined emotional reactivity in nonsuicidal self-injurers and noninjuring controls using self-report (the Emotional Reactivity Scale: ERS) and psychophysiological measures (the startle reflex was measured during and after the presentation of IAPS images). Self-injurers reported greater emotional reactivity on the ERS, but did not exhibit differences in startle ...
Colbert Agatha P - - 2011
Electrodermal activity (EDA) at acupuncture points (acupoints) has been investigated for its utility as a diagnostic aid, a therapeutic monitoring tool, and a physiological outcome measure. The research methodologies reported in published trials, however, vary considerably and publications often lack sufficient details about electrical instrumentation, technical procedures, laboratory conditions, recorded ...
Kocak Fatma U - - 2011
Kocak FU, Unver B, Karatosun V. Level of evidence in four selected rehabilitation journals. To investigate the methodologic quality and level of evidence of publications in major peer-reviewed general rehabilitation journals (Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation [APMR], American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation [AJPMR], Clinical Rehabilitation [CR], and ...
Kumar Anupma - - 2011
To investigate the publishing trends of the top general clinical ophthalmic journals and to report: (1) the proportions of articles published in terms of ophthalmic subspecialty, (2) the study design used, (3) any changes in publishing trends, and (4) any differences in the quality of study design between the subspecialties. ...
Thevis Mario - - 2011
The timely update of the list of prohibited substances and methods of doping (as issued by the World Anti-Doping Agency) is an essential aspect of international anti-doping efforts and represents consensual agreement by expert panels regarding substances and the methods of performance manipulation in sports. The annual banned-substance review for ...
Banerjee Subhas - - 2011
The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) Technology Committee provides reviews of new or emerging endoscopic technologies that have the potential to have an impact on the practice of GI endoscopy. Evidence-based methodology is used, with a MEDLINE literature search to identify pertinent preclinical and clinical studies on the topic, ...
Miljkovic Milena M - - 2011
Reliability and usefulness of scales for causality assessment in hepatotoxicity have not been fully explored. The goal of this study was to examine consistency between causality assessments obtained with two commonly used scales and their agreement with initial clinical assessments in hepatotoxicity reported in Serbia, and to review usefulness of ...
Zhan R-Y - - 2011
Intracranial chondromas are rare, benign cartilaginous tumours that account for < 0.3% of primary intracranial tumours. They usually originate from the basal synchondrosis and are extradural though, extremely rarely, they can be intracerebral. Here the case of a 45-year old female is presented with a solitary intracerebral chondroma located in ...
Palta Manisha - - 2011
Primary meningeal rhabdomyosarcoma is a rare primary brain malignancy, with scant case reports. While most reports of primary intracranial rhabdomyosarcoma occur in pediatric patients, a handful of cases in adult patients have been reported in the medical literature. We report the case of a 44-year-old male who developed primary meningeal ...
Harutunian K - - 2011
Introduction: Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a neurocutaneous syndrome produced by a number of genetic mutations. The disease is characterized by the development of benign tumors affecting different body systems. The most common oral manifestations of TSC are fibromas, gingival hyperplasia and enamel hypoplasia. Clinical Case: A 35-year-old woman diagnosed ...
Fuertes-González María-Cristina - - 2011
Rett syndrome (RS) is a chromosome X-linked genetic neurological disorder characterized by developmental regression, particularly in relation to expressive language and use of the hands, together with profound mental retardation, that almost exclusively affects females. The present review describes the 35 cases of RS published in the indexed literature (Medline)--the ...
Thevis Mario - - 2011
The timely update of the list of prohibited substances and methods of doping (as issued by the World Anti-Doping Agency) is an essential aspect of international anti-doping efforts and represents consensual agreement by expert panels regarding substances and the methods of performance manipulation in sports. The annual banned-substance review for ...
Finch Caroline F - - 2011
Several important methodological issues need to be considered when designing sports injury case-control studies. Major design goals for case-control studies include the accounting for prior injury risk exposure, and optimal definitions of both cases and suitable controls are needed to ensure this. This article reviews methodological aspects of published sports ...
Meoni Giulia G Medical Oncology 1, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Careggi, Florence, - - 2011
► We report the case of a heavily pretreated woman affected by metastatic endometrial carcinoma. ► Patient received Trabectedin as 10th line of treatment with an impressive clinical response. ► We evaluated BRCA1 and ERCC1 gene status which could be involved in Trabectedin sensitivity.
Wei Jin - - 2011
We reviewed the literature on the use of text messaging for clinical and healthy behaviour interventions. Electronic databases were searched in December 2009 using keywords related to text messaging and health interventions. The final review included 24 articles. Of those, seven covered medication adherence, eight discussed clinical management and nine ...
Nakamura Tadashi - - 2011
We report a case of 57-year-old Japanese woman with an overlap syndrome of both rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and autoimmune hepatitis, who developed multiple skin nodules. An extensive biopsies of the nodules revealed rheumatoid neutrophilic dermatitis, showing panniculitis without vasculitis, combining with granulomatous formation histopathologically. Since cutaneous nodules in patients with ...
Nikitakis Nikolaos G - - 2010
Oral myoepithelioma of soft tissue origin, an entity distinct from myoepithelioma of salivary glands, constitutes an extremely rare benign neoplasm, with only 1 previously published case, affecting the tongue of a 22-year-old woman. Ectomesenchymal chondromyxoid tumour (ECT) also is a very rare benign neoplasm of the oral cavity that has ...
Plymale Mickey - - 2011
The authors describe a case of an isolated intra-articular pseudorheumatoid nodule of the knee in an 18-year-old male patient without a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis. The patient initially presented with a 3 year history of anterior knee pain and was found to have a 2.8 × 2.1 cm lobulated soft-tissue mass. Histologic findings ...
Malipeddi Aruna - - 2011
Posterior interosseous nerve (PIN) palsy is a very rare complication of rheumatoid arthritis affecting the elbow joint. It results in weakness of extension of the fingers and may be confused with extensor tendon rupture and wrist drop due to radial nerve damage. We present a case of PIN palsy secondary ...
Jordan Adam D - - 2011
Constrictive pericarditis is the commonest cardiac complication of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Two percent of patients with RA develop significant clinical symptoms of pericarditis, which may not correlate with joint disease duration or severity. Symptoms are often vague and non-specific, which frequently delays the diagnosis and subsequent management. Surgical excision of ...
Poortvliet W - - 2010
We present two cases of peritonitis shortly after endoscopic examination of the large bowel with polypectomy in patients on continuous ambulant peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) despite the standard preventive measure to drain the dialysate from the abdomen prior to the procedure. We have reviewed the current literature on this topic. These ...
Chi Angela C - - 2011
To review the clinicopathologic features of oral mucoceles, with special consideration given to unusual variants and exclusion of salivary duct cysts. This was a retrospective consecutive case review of all oral mucoceles diagnosed by the Medical University of South Carolina, Oral Pathology Biopsy Laboratory, from 1997 to 2006. The following ...
Young Timothy P - - 2011
We sought to describe the causative organisms and joints involved in cases of pediatric septic arthritis in the post-Haemophilus influenzae type B and post-pneumococcal vaccine age and in the age of increasing infection with community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA). This was a retrospective chart review of all children younger than ...
Nonaka Cassiano Francisco Weege - - 2010
Elastofibroma is an uncommon fibrous pseudotumor that usually occurs in the subscapular region of middle-aged and older adults. Since its seminal description, cases of elastofibroma or elastofibroma-like proliferations have been identified at several anatomic locations, including the foot, hand, thigh, olecranon, gastrointestinal tract, trachea, dorsal spine and eye. Involvement of ...
Perakath B - - 2010
Peritonitis following staple stabilization of a flush ileostomy has not yet been reported in the literature. We report a case of iatrogenic injury to a loop of the ileum in an unrecognized parastomal hernia which caused peritonitis after stapling of a flush ileostomy.
Carey Timothy W - - 2010
In immunocompetent patients, septic arthritis of the acromioclavicular (AC) joint is a rare entity. It can be difficult to discern from glenohumeral septic arthritis and AC joint impingement syndrome. The usual symptoms are fever, erythema, swelling, palpable pain over the AC joint, and pain with shoulder motion. The most commonly ...
Nauen David W - - 2010
Luteinizing thecoma with sclerosing peritonitis (LTSP) is a rare ovarian tumor of unclear etiology and pathogenesis. The diagnostic entity was proposed in 1994, but a number of earlier reports described possible cases, and some suggested an association with anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs). In presenting a new case we review the literature ...
Lee Sun-Ho - - 2010
Although little attention has been paid to the less common rheumatoid involvement of the thoracic and lumbar regions, some studies have shown that rheumatoid synovitis with erosive changes can develop in these diarthrodial joints. We report a patient with seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) involving the thoracic and lumbar vertebra with ...
Ishikawa Yuki - - 2010
Antitumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy has been associated with adverse immunologic events including systemic lupus erythematosus. However, the development of polymyositis (PM)/dermatomyositis (DM) associated with anti-TNF therapy is extremely rare. We experienced a case of a 48-year-old female with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who had anti-Jo-1 antibodies and interstitial lung disease ...
Al-Arfaj Hussein F - - 2010
Kilnefelter's syndrome (KFS) tends to be associated with autoimmune diseases. Although several reports describe association of KFS with different autoimmune diseases, association with rheumatoid arthritis is very rare. We report a case of (KFS) who had seropositive erosive rheumatoid arthritis, and discuss the role of sex hormones/X chromosome in the ...
Kaya Sunay - - 2010
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autoinflammatory disorder characterized by recurrent febrile polyserositis and arthritis attacks. Accompanying seronegative spondyloarthropathy has been reported in FMF in addition to its own joint involvement. However, the coexistence of FMF with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is very rare, only three cases with severe joint ...
Ijaz S - - 2010
This paper aims to assess systematic reviews on the caries-preventive effect of topical fluorides, identifying key content and reporting quality issues to be considered by researchers planning a review in this area. Published systematic reviews and meta-analyses of any topical fluoride intervention for caries control were included. Relevant databases were ...
Makki Daoud - - 2010
Trochanteric bursitis, whether septic or inflammatory in origin, is a condition that affects middle-aged patients. Here we report the rare case of an adolescent with septic trochanteric bursitis (treated successfully with intravenous antibiotics), review the available literature on septic bursitis, illustrate the importance of prompt recognition and treatment of this ...
Cho Yeoungjee - - 2010
Acute hydrothorax is an uncommon but a well-recognized complication of peritoneal dialysis. No single test is definitive for diagnosis. Although it is not a life-threatening condition, hydrothorax often requires abandonment of peritoneal dialysis. Delay in diagnosis can lead to worsening of the clinical status. A 33-year-old Caucasian woman with lupus, ...
Al-Taan Omer S - - 2010
Peritoneal encapsulation is a rare congenital anomaly characterised by a thin membrane of peritoneum encasing the small bowel to form an accessory peritoneal sac. We present a case of peritoneal encapsulation diagnosed incidentally in an 82 year old man undergoing laparotomy for colonic cancer. The sac was easily excised and ...
Koren Gideon - - 2010
Every year scores of new pharmaceuticals enter the market, almost never with human fetal safety data. Such data typically accumulate during the first years of clinical use, in the form of case reports, case series, prospective and retrospective cohorts and case control studies. All of these methods suffer from serious ...
Armstrong Brenda L - - 2010
Halitosis is defined as an unpleasant odor that emanates from the oral cavity with intra-oral and/or extra-oral origins. Fifty percent of people worldwide view themselves as having halitosis, with 90% of the etiology being intra-oral. Dental hygiene practitioners should be knowledgeable about the current classifications, diagnosis and treatment modalities to ...
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