Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 598
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Phelan J A - - 1988
This report presents a case of oral hairy leukoplakia that has completely disappeared during treatment with azidothymidine. The reason for the resolution of the lesions in this case is not certain, but the outcome may be due to the action of the drug on the agent or agents causing the ...
el-Benhawi M O - - 1988
A case of gonococcal urethritis with bilateral tysonitis is presented. Results of gram's stain and positive culture for Neisseria gonorrhoeae confirmed the diagnosis. The patient was treated successfully with aqueous procaine penicillin with probenecid followed by oral ampicillin for ten days.
van der Heijde D M - - 1988
The literature on prognostic features on the final outcome in RA is reviewed. It is generally agreed that female sex and a positive RF are variables indicating a poor prognosis. Longstanding increased ESR and CRP values, decreased Hb, or the appearance of subcutaneous nodules are indicators of a less favorable ...
Arcand P - - 1988
Persistent buccopharyngeal membrane is an extremely rare entity. We report a three-year-old boy who presented with an oral chord-like structure that extended from the base of the tongue up to the posterior part of the vomer. Only seven cases of persistent buccopharyngeal membrane could be found in the review of ...
Pai G S - - 1988
Idiopathic multicentric osteolysis is a rare skeletal disorder, usually presenting in early childhood with a clinical picture mimicking juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Progressive destruction of the carpal and tarsal bones usually occurs and other bones may also be involved. Chronic renal failure is a frequent component of this syndrome. Mental retardation ...
van der Wal N - - 1988
5 new cases of geographic stomatitis are presented and added to a review of 32 similar cases reported in the literature up to 1987. Furthermore, a series of 70 consecutive patients with psoriasis were examined for oral mucosal lesions. Based upon the findings of the literature and the results of ...
Serushan M - - 1988
A 26-year-old man with acute leukemia, treated with chemotherapy, developed emphysematous septic arthritis, due to Streptococcus milleri, affecting the right knee and both shoulders. A review of the literature revealed that intraarticular gas formation is a rarely reported complication of septic arthritis. This could be the 2nd reported case of ...
Huaux J P - - 1988
Fourteen cases of Lyme arthritis are reported. The most frequent picture was that of oligoarthritis appearing in that part of the leg where the cutaneous or neurological complications, or both, of Lyme disease had developed before the arthritis. In most cases recovery followed a single 10 day course of intravenous ...
Lopez-Longo F J - - 1987
We reviewed 37 cases of septic arthritis in heroin users. Our data confirm the predominance of the fibrocartilaginous joint infections in this group (sacroiliac joint 39%, chondrosternocostal unions 37%). In Spain, Staphylococcus aureus is the most commonly isolated organism (73%). This emphasizes the geographic variations in the causative germs since, ...
Franssen M J - - 1987
We present the case history of a 50-year-old man with seropositive erosive rheumatoid arthritis of 30-years standing who developed polychondritis simultaneously with several extra-articular rheumatoid manifestations, such as anaemia, subcutaneous nodules, pericarditis and episcleritis. The relevant literature is reviewed. Gradually, all symptoms and signs disappeared after start of treatment with ...
Leicht M J - - 1987
Cricoarytenoid arthritis, principally as a result of long-standing rheumatoid arthritis, is a disorder that may present to the emergency physician with a number of symptoms and signs referable to the larynx. The presentation of this disorder as acute laryngeal obstruction and collapse is uncommon. It is important to recognize early ...
Galimberti D - - 1987
A rare complication of oral contraceptive therapy is the induction of chorea. We describe the case-history of a young woman who developed generalized chorea while receiving a low-dose estrogen-containing contraceptive. Dyskinesia resolved upon discontinuing the medication and after a brief treatment with an antidopaminergic agent. The literature of chorea associated ...
Christmas T I - - 1987
Ten cases of pyoderma gangrenosum were seen over a period of nine years at the Waikato Hospital dermatology clinic. Several associated conditions were found. Four cases were associated with inflammatory bowel disease, three cases with arthritis, one case was found in association with myelofibrosis. Four patients were diabetic, an incidence ...
Pearson M E - - 1987
We present the case of a patient who had rheumatoid nodules of the vertebrae, which had resulted in bony destruction of the spine at 3 levels. Although there have been only 3 previous reports of such findings with confirmation by histologic analysis, we believe the condition is more common than ...
Ross C B - - 1987
Arthritis and other inflammatory processes are well established complications of intestinal bypass operations, and recently have been reported after other gastrointestinal procedures. Bacterial overgrowth in blind intestinal loops, actual or functional, appears to be the underlying pathophysiologic mechanism responsible for these systemic inflammatory disorders. In the case we have reported, ...
Abrahamsson S O - - 1987
Gouty tenosynovitis in the hand may be misdiagnosed as infectious or rheumatoid synovitis. Our case initially was treated as infectious tenosynovitis, but at reoperation gouty deposits were found penetrating the flexor tendon sheath. Tenosynovectomy and excision of intratendinous tophi were performed with a good result. Gouty synovitis is diagnosed in ...
Poblete R B - - 1987
Cryptococcus neoformans is a rare cause of peritonitis; only four cases have been reported in the literature. A 63-year-old man in whom isolation of C. neoformans from ascitic fluid provided the initial clue to disseminated cryptococcosis is described. Review of this case and those previously reported reveals striking association between ...
Bounds G A - - 1987
A rare case of chronic septic arthritis of the temporo-mandibular joint is described, which presented as a pre-auricular swelling several weeks after a blow to the chin. Although the history indicated an inflammatory process precipitated by trauma, the clinical findings suggested a neoplastic aetiology. The treatment and problems in making ...
Nüsslein H G - - 1987
The case of a young woman is reported, presenting multiple peripheral lung nodules, preceding the onset of classical rheumatoid arthritis 3 months later. The nodules observed seemed to be of pleural origin because they all had contact with the pleura which was partly thickened as demonstrated by computer-assisted tomography. The ...
Mbakop A - - 1987
Sixty-five cases of synovitis corresponding to eight groups (seropositive and seronegative rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, post-traumatic arthritis, osteoarthritis, osteonecrosis and unclassified synovitis) were investigated in specimens stored as paraffin blocks. Immunoglobulin class content (heavy chains: G, A, M and their associated light chains: K, L) of the ...
Lønning P E - - 1986
The pathophysiology and treatment of accidental hypothermia are discussed. Special attention is paid to the pathophysiologic problems of rewarming. For severely hypothermic patients we would recommend peritoneal dialysis as the method of choice for rewarming in a hospital situation. In a "field situation" passive or slow active rewarming is recommended.
Rees T D - - 1986
Hydrogen peroxide has been advocated for many years as an oral rinse useful in control of various oral conditions. Several authorities, however, have suggested that this material may be harmful to oral tissues, especially if the tissues have been previously injured. This article presents two case reports demonstrating harmful oral ...
Morrison A J AJ - - 1986
We report the third human case of peritonitis caused by Alcaligenes denitrificans subsp. xylosoxydans and review the English literature regarding community-acquired and nonsocomial infection and colonization that results from this bacterium. The biochemical and genetic characteristics supporting the pathogenic potential of A. denitrificans subsp. xylosoxydans are reviewed, and the antimicrobial ...
Davies P G - - 1986
The results of immunofluorescence studies in nine cases of rheumatoid arthritis and nine cases of ankylosing spondylitis are presented. Antiglobulin activity was sought with fluorescein labelled, heat aggregated human IgG and rabbit immunoglobulin (indirect immunofluorescence). A similar degree of increased staining for rheumatoid factor activity was seen after pepsin digestion ...
Cohen M A - - 1986
The bacterium Hemophilus influenza, also known as the Pfeiffer bacillus, is generally regarded as a disease of infancy and early childhood. An occurrence in adulthood is rare. A 43-year-old woman developed septic arthritis of more than one joint caused by Hemophilus influenza. The infrequency of this infection and the degree ...
Wilson N I - - 1986
We have reviewed 61 children treated for septic arthritis from 1972 to 1981. The diagnosis in all cases was confirmed by bacteriology or by radiographic changes. Routine arthrotomy was not performed, but most patients had a joint aspiration. The management and outcome are described. We suggest that arthrotomy should be ...
Brenner P - - 1986
A bulbous or "sausage-shaped" finger may represent a special type of psoriatic arthritis without any rheumatoid factor activity. Dactylitis psoriatica must be suspected in cases of arthralgias progressing along the phalanges of a finger associated with global soft tissue swelling. Acute dactylitis psoriatica is characterized by an intermittent course combined ...
Stabile A - - 1986
A rare case of varicella with bilateral acute arthritis of the knee is described. Clinical features and laboratory results of the patient are briefly compared with those of other sixteen cases previously published. The study of immune response shows a decrease of helper T cells (OKT4+) and an increase of ...
Wahl R W - - 1986
A limited prospective study of 334 peritoneal and pleural fluids demonstrated Curschmann's spirals in 12 specimens, a prevalence of 1 in 28 cases. Nine of these 12 specimens were peritoneal washings, 2 specimens were pleural fluids, and 1 specimen was a peritoneal dialysis fluid. The fluids came from nine women ...
Bando M - - 1986
A typical case of transcortical sensory aphasia (TSA) is presented, in which the Wada test suggests that it is the right hemisphere which enables the patient to repeat orally. It is supposed that one of the mechanisms of preserved repetition in TSA is linked to an exceptional ability for repetition ...
Esdaile J M - - 1986
We review the structure of the two most common observational study designs, cohort and case-control studies, and outline guidelines to help clinicians evaluate the validity of studies that employ these designs. To demonstrate the use of these guidelines we apply them to the important issue of whether oral contraceptive usage ...
Prowant B - - 1986
Experiences with peritonitis in a continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) program at a single center over 8 years were reviewed. Home-acquired peritonitis rates have been less than 1 episode per patient year since 1982. Gram-positive organisms continue to account for most episodes in a similar proportion. Actual known contamination could ...
Bittini A - - 1985
Nine cases of primary septic arthritis in heroin addicts are reported. Fibrous and cartilaginous joint localizations are prominent (four sternoarticular, three sacroiliac, one sacroccocygeal, and one knee). In all patients but one, conventional roentgenographic studies were negative. In six cases the causative agent was Staphylococcus aureus and in two cases, ...
Neutze J - - 1985
Radionuclide peritoneoscintigraphy has been used prior to chromic phosphate P-32 (P-32CP) intraperitoneal therapy to assure proper placement of the catheter in the peritoneal cavity, to exclude loculation, and to predict inadequate distribution of P-32CP. This is a case report of the detection of a peritoneal catheter improperly placed into the ...
Loiterman D L - - 1985
Fifty-six cases of chylous ascites in patients under the age of fifteen have been reported in the last three hundred years. A case of chylous ascites that presented with the signs and symptoms of peritonitis is reviewed. The normal anatomy and physiology of the intraabdominal lymphatic system, pathophysiology of the ...
Taylor P W - - 1985
A 20-year-old woman was found to have septic arthritis of the hip due to Aerococcus viridans. This organism closely resembles Streptococcus viridans, but forms gram positive tetrads rather than chains in broth media. The organism has been reported rarely to cause endocarditis and one case of osteomyelitis has been observed. ...
Vakil N - - 1985
A case of Pasteurella multocida septicemia and peritonitis in a patient with cirrhosis is reported and the literature reviewed. Patients with cirrhosis and exposure to domestic animals are at risk for this infection. Initial empiric therapy of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in such patients should include a penicillin to which this ...
Harasen G L - - 1985
Two cases of noninfectious, nonerosive arthritis are presented. The diagnostic features, clinical course and treatment are reviewed. Potential etiologies are discussed in the light of relatively little current material on this subject in the veterinary literature.
Benz R L - - 1985
Recurrent hydrothorax complicating peritoneal dialysis has been considered a contraindication to continuing peritoneal dialysis. In the continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) population this problem has generally required a change of dialytic modality. Talc poudrage has been attempted to ameliorate the problem but has met with limited success. We report a ...
Cecchin E - - 1984
We report two cases of fungal peritonitis caused by Torulopsis glabrata, an uncommon opportunistic pathogen, in patients with end-stage renal disease receiving continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). The general clinical characteristic of T glabrata peritonitis was comparable to previously reported cases of Candida peritonitis. Although appropriate therapy of fungal peritonitis ...
Shapiro S D - - 1984
Oral manifestations of neurofibromatosis have been reported in only 4% to 7% of affected persons. All oral tissues, hard and soft, have been reported to be affected with tumors, but the tongue has been the most common site. We report on the oral and radiographic findings in twenty-two patients with ...
Leung A C - - 1984
Five patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) developed peritonitis caused by diphtheroid bacteria. Peritoneal catheter exit site inflammation and/or discharge preceded all cases and relapses were common. Antimicrobial therapy alone failed to eradicate the bacteria and peritoneal catheter removal was required before peritonitis resolved. Laboratory culture of the diphtheroid ...
Lynch D P - - 1984
Myospherulosis is a unique, inflammatory, granulomatous lesion, which results from the action of lipid substances on extravasated erythrocytes. Petrolatum-based antibiotic ointments are the most frequent etiologic agents of iatrogenically acquired lesions. Six intraoral cases of myospherulosis are presented, including the first reported case in oral soft tissues. The literature of ...
Perry R P - - 1984
We describe a case with neurologic disease manifested as encephalopathy, generalized muscle fasciculations, and peripheral neuropathy occurring in a patient treated with therapeutic doses of gold for presumed rheumatoid arthritis. The illness remitted promptly during chelation therapy with dimercaprol (BAL). A review of the limited experience in the literature with ...
Clark J H - - 1984
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis should be considered in the evaluation of any patient with acute abdominal complaints, especially in the presence of preexistent ascites. Paracentesis is indicated in all suspected cases of spontaneous peritonitis in order to obtain necessary studies, including microbial cultures. Broad-spectrum antibiotic coverage has become necessary because of ...
Dan M - - 1984
In order to assess and correlate the bacteriology of neonatal septic arthritis with its clinical presentation, the records of nine infants with this disease that were diagnosed at Edmonton hospitals between 1964 and 1981 were reviewed and 92 other cases reported in the English-language literature since 1960 were evaluated. All ...
Mesa M L - - 1984
Warty dyskeratoma of the oral mucosa is a rare cause of solitary mouth lesions. Of the thirteen reported patients, only three have been described in the dermatologic literature. We now present an additional patient, and review both the medical and the dental literature on warty dyskeratoma. Various factors possibly related ...
Kaye B R - - 1984
The literature relating to prevalence, characteristics, differential diagnosis, histologic features, pathogenesis, complications, and prognosis of rheumatoid nodules is tabulated and reviewed. The broad spectrum of conditions associated with rheumatoid nodules is discussed. A new classification of these clinical entities, reflecting disease characteristics and prognosis, is proposed. This classification is based ...
Ebright J R - - 1984
A case of acute erosive, reactive arthritis following Campylobacter jejuni-induced ulcerative colitis is presented. This is the 12th such case reported in the literature and the first in which destructive lesions of periarticular bone are demonstrated. A review of the literature suggests that reactive arthritis associated with C. jejuni infection ...
McGurk M - - 1984
Three cases of oral submucous fibrosis are reported, two of which were associated with oral carcinoma. The disease is described and aspects of its clinical presentation, aetiology and treatment are discussed. It is argued that the condition is not as rare amongst Asian immigrants as the small number of reported ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >