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Results 451 - 500 of 612
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Anil S - - 1993
A case of oral submucous fibrosis in a 12-year-old girl discusses its etiopathogenesis, clinical features, and histopathologic findings of the condition and highlights strong association of areca nut chewing as the potential factor in the etiology of this condition. Cessation of the areca nut chewing habit and submucosal administration of ...
Cuende E - - 1993
Candida species are an uncommon cause of infectious arthritis, although the frequency has increased during recent years. Three cases of septic arthritis caused by Candida species are reported, and the literature is reviewed. The first patient developed a popliteal cyst infected by Candida albicans after multiple intravenous antibiotic treatments. The ...
Novelli M R - - 1993
Oral myiasis is rare, particularly in western developed countries. This case report describes the presentation of oral myiasis as an enlarged submandibular lymph node associated with a buccal mass, in a Caucasian male who had recently returned from the Gambia. It highlights the need for increased clinical awareness when dealing ...
Arroyo J F - - 1993
An unusual case of yellow nail syndrome (YNS) is reported. Total resolution of yellow nails and lymphoedema was observed following oral zinc supplementation for 2 years. A few years later, the patient developed a classical seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA). YNS, alone or associated with RA remains a rare clinical condition. ...
Ip M S - - 1993
We describe the first case of endotracheal rheumatoid nodules in a 45-year-old Chinese man with rheumatoid arthritis. He developed exacerbation of polyarthritis, new subcutaneous nodules and fibrosing alveolitis. At bronchoscopy, four whitish nodules were detected at the tracheal wall, and biopsy showed fibrinoid necrosis, palisaded inflammatory cell infiltrate and vasculitis, ...
Scheepers A - - 1992
Apart from vague statements and speculative remarks, the role of ENL in the oral cavity has not been considered in the recent English language literature. A case of oral ENL is reported, and we postulate that ENL plays a prominent role in the intra-oral destruction noted in leprosy. Information gathered ...
Geraets D R - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of toxicity from orally administered lidocaine in a patient with cardiomyopathy receiving concurrent mexiletine therapy. DATA SOURCES: Case reports, review articles, and studies identified by search of the MEDLINE database and Current Contents. STUDY SELECTION: All reports of toxicity from orally administered lidocaine were reviewed. ...
Lunde N M - - 1992
Peritonitis remains a significant cause of morbidity in ESRD patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Staphylococcus species, Streptococcus species, and less commonly, gram-negative rods comprise the majority of isolated organisms. Other organisms, including unusual bacteria, fungi, and mycobacteria, comprise 5% or less of cases. Many of the uncommon causes ...
Keating S M - - 1992
A survey was carried out of sexual assault cases submitted to the Metropolitan Police Forensic Science Laboratory during 1988 and 1989. There were 104 cases with male victims, and 1403 with females. In the all-male offences, fellatio was reported in 34%; nearly two-thirds of the acts were by the offender, ...
Ganga U R UR USD School of Medicine, Sioux - - 1992
We present a case of tuberculous peritonitis in the setting of alcoholic cirrhosis with ascites. A young American Indian male with alcoholic cirrhosis and ascites presented with low grade fever and weight loss. A diagnosis of tuberculous peritonitis was made by laparoscopic guided peritoneal biopsy. He was treated successfully with ...
McKenna K E - - 1992
A case of porphyria cutanea tarda occurring in association with beta-thalassaemia minor is reported in a 33-year-old Northern-Irish woman. Aetiological factors in this case included oral and parenteral iron therapy for refractory anaemia which was subsequently diagnosed as beta-thalassaemia minor, and the use of an oestrogen-containing oral contraceptive pill.
Kingsmore S F - - 1992
We describe 2 Caucasian men with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who developed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of identical histological type during treatment with low dose oral weekly methotrexate (MTX). Both patients had longstanding RA and had been treated with MTX for over 2 years at time of tumor diagnosis; neither had secondary Sjögren's ...
Ben-Chetrit E - - 1992
Rheumatoid nodulosis is a term used to describe adult patients with rheumatoid arthritis with little or no clinical joint inflammation who have numerous subcutaneous nodules indistinguishable from those of patients with active rheumatoid arthritis. This paper reports the case of a woman with quiescent rheumatoid arthritis who developed palmar nodulosis ...
Lal A - - 1992
The present study was carried out to evaluate the relative merits of ultrasonography and roentgenography in 50 cases of suspected cholecystolithiasis. The accuracy rate with roentgenography (plain X-ray abd, OCG and IVC) in the diagnosis of cholecystolithiasis was 92.5% where as it was 95% with ultrasonography. Oral cholecystography should be ...
Diamant Z - - 1992
Rheumatoid nodules are a common extra-articular manifestation in rheumatoid arthritis. Intra-articular localisation of these nodules is rare and may produce clinical symptoms. Seven patients with walking problems due to an intra-articular rheumatoid nodule, which became entrapped on the ridge of the tibial plateau of the knee joint resulting in a ...
Wernick R - - 1992
The development of tophi in the absence of prior episodes of gouty arthritis is unusual. We present six such cases and review 26 previously published cases. These patients differ from those with typical gout in that they were older, more likely to be women, and usually had predominant or exclusive ...
Oliver A J - - 1992
A case history and brief literature review of oral submucous fibrosis is presented. This condition is most frequently found in the Indian subcontinent and only rarely encountered elsewhere. The aetiology is considered to be related to dietary habits and customs found in the population. The condition has a known malignant ...
Eufinger H - - 1992
Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is a rare granulomatous vasculitis which used to run a fatal course. At present, it is possible to control or sometimes even cure the disease with immunosuppressives. Successful treatment depends largely on early diagnosis. Based on a review of the literature, the diagnostic relevance of hyperplastic gingivitis ...
Prattichizzo F A - - 1992
A clinical case of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome mimicking seronegative rheumatoid arthritis with a twenty year follow-up is reported. The patient showed other sign of the disease, such as pericarditis, gastroenteritis and hepatomegaly. Among the laboratory findings the elevated levels of aldolase and LDH 2, never reported previously, are stressed.
Freiman J P - - 1992
The Food and Drug Administration has received 51 reports of cases in the United States in which chemical peritonitis was associated with the intraperitoneal administration of sterile vancomycin hydrochloride, USP intravenous. The clinical presentation of the cases ranged from mild (cloudy dialysate alone) to more severe (severe abdominal pain and ...
Macarrón P - - 1992
A 55-year-old woman with advanced rheumatoid arthritis developed rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis with epithelial crescents and pulmonary hemorrhage following treatment with D-penicillamine. D-penicillamine was then withdrawn and a pulse therapy with methylprednisolone halted the progression of kidney and lung damage. We review the other cases previously reported and discuss pathogenesis and ...
Mozaz M J MJ Facultad de Psicologia, Universidad del Pais Vasco, Aptdo. 1249, 20080 San Sebastian, Guipuzcoa, - - 1992
This paper reviews research into both ideational and ideomotor apraxia focusing on the qualitative aspects of limb apraxia. The criteria based on a distinction between different type of movements which have been used to distinguish between ideational (IA) and ideomotor apraxia (IMA) are reviewed together with an evaluation of the ...
Dunmire R B RB - - 1991
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are responsible for an increasing proportion of mycobacterial disease. Peritonitis due to NTM is an unusual but treatable complication of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Its presentation is similar to that of typical bacterial peritonitis, but special culture techniques are required to avoid a delay in diagnosis. ...
Kennan N M - - 1991
A case of marked hepatic and splenic calcification due to primary amyloidosis is presented. Although the patient had been treated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, there was no evidence of a causal relationship with the calcification. Amyloid is known to have an affinity for calcium, but this radiographic manifestation has ...
Hernigou P - - 1991
This may be the second case report of the absence of the medial malleolus in the orthopedic literature. A six-year-old girl had an open fracture with a loss of the medial malleolus. During the 20-year follow-up study, she had no instability of the ankle, as in the first report, but ...
Melendez P R - - 1991
Moraxella catarrhalis was isolated from blood from a 41-year-old man who had a 24-hour history of increasing pain in and swelling of the left knee. No history of trauma, arthropathy, fever, chills, cough, or chest pain was noted. What is believed to be the first case of bacteremia caused by ...
de Berker D - - 1991
We report a childhood case of monilethrix in which oral etretinate was given. Clinically, the cosmetic benefit was marginal. However, of note was that there was an increase in hair length with loss of beading along the shaft of these hairs. The background scalp appearance of keratosis pilaris persisted in ...
Omata F - - 1991
Factor V deficiency associated with rheumatoid arthritis was found in a 54-year-old woman. Hereditary factor V deficiency is very rare; only about 150 cases have been reported since its discovery in 1943. This appears to be the first case report of factor V deficiency associated with rheumatoid arthritis in the ...
Pountain G - - 1991
One thousand nine hundred and twenty-five Omani adults aged 16 and over were studied in a house-to-house survey in representative areas of Oman. Seven cases (five female) are described who satisfied the 1987 ARA criteria for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), indicating a prevalence of 3.6 per thousand adults. Adjusted for the ...
Nuovo M A - - 1991
We present a case of suppurative arthritis occurring in a patient with bilateral osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Predisposing factors were chronic alcoholism (osteonecrosis) and septicemia due to intravenous drug abuse (suppurative arthritis). Although the association of suppurative arthritis and osteonecrosis is rarely reported in the literature, the prevalence of ...
Ortiz O - - 1991
A case of articular sporotrichosis occurring in the wrist and ankle of a 39-year-old man is reported. Review of the literature on this disorder confirms the diagnostic difficulties presented by this usually chronic, progressive, fungal arthritis. The diagnosis of this entity should be considered in the evaluation of any patient ...
Wilson A W - - 1990
A case of psoriatic arthritis of both temporomandibular joints is described with a brief review of the literature and discussion on the management of this condition. To date, psoriatic arthritis has been successfully treated by conservative means. In the case reported, surgical replacement of the condyles became necessary to eliminate ...
Naylor B - - 1990
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis of any degree of severity or duration may develop necrotizing granulomatous pleuritis, a morphologic replica of the inflammatory reaction characteristic of rheumatoid synovitis and rheumatoid nodules. The ensuing pleural effusion may show a unique cytologic picture consisting of slender, elongated multinucleated macrophages, round giant multinucleated macrophages ...
Pascual J - - 1990
Three cases of spontaneous peritonitis caused by Enterococcus faecium are presented. The underlying condition was alcoholic cirrhosis in each case. This enterococcal species has never before been reported as a cause of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. Two patients responded to therapy. The development of enterococcal peritonitis and the cases documented in ...
Zunt S L - - 1990
Focal acantholytic dyskeratosis (FAD) is an uncommon lesion of the oral mucosa with only 22 cases reported in the medical/dental literature. Fifteen additional cases of solitary oral FAD are presented. Of these cases, 4 occurred clinically as leukoplakia. Leukoplakia-associated lesions may be an addition to the current classification of solitary ...
Russell E B - - 1990
The case histories of 13 elderly patients (8 men/5 women) with a relatively acute onset of a severe symmetrical synovitis affecting the flexor digitorum tendon sheaths and wrist joints with pitting edema of the dorsum of both hands are described. All were persistently seronegative for IgM rheumatoid factors and all ...
Takakura Y - - 1990
From 1975 to 1980, total ankle arthroplasty was performed using a metal and polyethylene prosthesis on 30 ankles in 28 patients with painful arthritis. However, because loosening and sinking of the prosthesis were significant, a ceramic total prosthesis was designed in 1980 to be used without cement. Between 1980 and ...
Hammond T L - - 1990
Genital tract colonization with Trichomonas vaginalis usually results in vaginitis without systemic manifestations. There are only four recorded cases of Trichomonas recovered from pelvic organs or peritoneal fluid. This report describes two additional women in whom motile flagellate organisms were recovered from abdominopelvic ascites. We hypothesize that an ascending trichomonal ...
Rosenkranz P - - 1990
As improvements in bacteriologic techniques have enhanced the recovery of anaerobic bacteria from clinical specimens, there has been an increasing awareness of the role of anaerobes in disease. Bacteroides fragilis is the most common anaerobic organism found in clinical specimens. Although it is the anaerobe most frequently associated with bacteremia ...
Sklavounou A - - 1990
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease which very rarely affects the oral mucosa. In the present article, an interesting case of psoriasis with exclusive oral involvement is described. The patient's history, clinical, microscopic features, and HLA typing were consistent with a diagnosis of psoriasis. A review of the 68 ...
Holcomb G W GW - - 1990
Sixty-one cases of acute chylous peritonitis have been reported in all age groups in the surgical literature. Only seven of these cases have been noted in children. We report an additional case of a 7-year-old child who presented with acute peritoneal irritation and, at laparotomy, was found to have chyle ...
Zemtsov A - - 1989
Oral melanoacanthoma is a rarely-reported, benign pigmented lesion of oral mucosa. Spongiosis was only recently mentioned as a light-microscopical finding occasionally seen in oral melanoacanthoma, and the formation of spongiotic intraepithelial vesicles to our knowledge has never been reported. The authors discuss a case of a 34-year-old, black woman who ...
Markusse H M - - 1989
Klebsiella arthritis is uncommon. This report describes 2 cases seen in one year in one hospital and reviews the previous 9 well-documented cases. Despite a long delay in diagnosis, antibiotic treatment without drainage procedures resulted in complete cure in one patient and cure with some impairment in the other.
Spector A K - - 1989
Gout and rheumatoid arthritis are relatively common entities individually; however, the coexistence of these two conditions has been reported rarely in the literature. The authors present a case that was followed for 20 years. The patient was seen by the acknowledged internist and podiatrist. Criteria for the evaluation and diagnosis ...
Guarner J - - 1989
The authors present a case of a patient undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) who developed peritonitis with Curvularia lunata and gram negative Enterobacteriaceae. A review of the literature indicates that human infections caused by Curvularia are uncommon despite the ubiquity of the organism in the environment. In this case, ...
Lluberas-Acosta G - - 1989
A woman with rheumatoid arthritis presented with an abdominal mass and Clostridium perfringens septic arthritis in both wrists and shoulders. We believed this to be the first reported case of polyarticular septic arthritis due to Clostridium perfringens. Apatite, lipid, and cholesterol crystals in the shoulder joint effusions were a potential ...
Soriano F - - 1989
This paper describes two possibly related cases of hospital-acquired Mycobacterium fortuitum peritonitis associated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). To our knowledge these are the first reported cases of CAPD peritonitis with possible cross-contamination by such a microorganism. Investigations for mycobacteria should be performed in all cases of culture-negative peritonitis, ...
Markusse H M - - 1989
A case of longstanding rheumatoid arthritis with concurrent development of eosinophilic fasciitis and pure red cell aplasia is described. A simultaneous occurrence of all 3 disorders has not been reported. Treatment with moderate dosages of prednisone resulted in a prompt and complete remission of both the fasciitis and the selective ...
Lee R G - - 1989
An unusual case of widespread peritoneal fibrosis of unknown cause ("sclerosing peritonitis") is described. The patient presented with ascites and bowel obstruction and was found to have numerous fibrous plaques involving primarily the serosa of the small bowel. The plaques were composed of bland spindle cells, ultrastructurally characterized as myofibroblasts, ...
Chauhan M S - - 1989
A 49-year-old male patient, an active case of sero positive rheumatoid arthritis involving multiple joints with bilateral necrobiotic pulmonary nodules is presented. Initial symptoms were of progressively increasing dyspnoea. The nodule in the right lung subsequently cavitated leading to pyopneumothorax. The diagnosis of rheumatoid lung was confirmed by post-mortem.
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