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Bogaerts Marie M European Institute for Otorhinolaryngology, Wilrijk, Antwerp, - - 2014
Stapediovestibular luxations are rare lesions that are most commonly caused by direct, penetrating trauma to the external ear canal. In this type of ossicular dislocation, disruption of the annular ligament or footplate fracture may lead to a perilymphatic fistula (PLF) presenting with cochleovestibular symptoms including (progressive) sensorineural hearing loss, tinnitus, ...
Norelli Lisa J LJ 1Capital District Psychiatric Center, Albany, New York, - - 2014
ABSTRACT Background: Herbal medicine use, highly prevalent in the general population, is often a neglected component of the medical history. Herbs are presumed safe because they are "natural" self-care products. We call attention to the following issues: Panax ginseng, one of the most frequently used herbal medicines, has complex pharmacological ...
Sher Leo - - 2014
Abstract Objective. Homicide is a major public health and social concern in the United States. Studies have found higher rates of psychiatric disorders in homicide offenders than in the general population. The aim of this article is to report and to discuss a case of a patient with bipolar disorder ...
Lok Ugur U Faculty, Department of Emergency, Adiyaman University Medical Facility , Turkey - - 2014
Genital self-mutilation (GSM) is an uncommon self-inflicted injury, and rarely do self-mutilations have a serious nature. GSM is not a single clinical entity, and it can occur in any psychiatric state or condition. The instruments that are used for self-mutilation can vary, and treatment of these injuries requires a detailed ...
Ikejima Chiaki C Department of Disaster Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan; Department of Neuropsychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, - - 2013
In Japan, the government and media have become aware of the issues of early onset dementia (EOD), but policies for EOD have not yet been established and support systems are inadequate. To provide practical data about EOD, a two-step postal survey was performed. A questionnaire requesting information on EOD cases ...
Sundsted Karna K - - 2013
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is widely used for the treatment of psychiatric disorders, yet there is few published literature to guide the practitioner in the preprocedural evaluation of patients. Based on a review of the literature, we sought to develop a concise, algorithmic approach to be used when evaluating patients for ...
Neufeld Karin J - - 2013
This article serves to (1) review the relationship of the terms "delirium" and "encephalopathy," (2) describe delirium as defined in current diagnostic systems, (3) summarize the epidemiology and theories of pathogenesis, (4) review clinical diagnostic approaches, and (5) highlight the history using EEG in the study of delirium in the ...
Kapoor Kapil G - - 2013
Abstract Retinal arterial occlusions (RAOs) are an uncommon source of monocular vision loss, typically occurring in patients over the age of 60. Diagnosis is typically made by history and clinical examination, while ancillary testing may include fluorescein angiography. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is not routinely utilized in the diagnostic assessment ...
Catanesi Roberto - - 2013
Folie à deux is a rare clinical syndrome characterized by the transference of delusional ideas from one person to one or more other people in close association with the primary affected patient. Mummification indicates the preservation of the corpse of a person for a variable period of time. A brief ...
Wieczorek Stephanie S - - 2013
An enlarged vestibular aqueduct (EVA) results in hearing loss which is often progressive and heterogenous, the long-term natural history of which is not well understood. Patients born before the era of newborn hearing screening can present as adults with previously undiagnosed EVA. A retrospective chart review of patients seen at ...
Kibirige D - - 2013
Vitamin B12 deficiency is associated with a wide spectrum of neuro-psychiatric manifestations. We report a case of a 44 year old female patient referred to the haematology unit with vitamin B12 deficiency presenting as an acute confusional state or delirium. Total resolution of the psychiatric symptoms occurred following parenteral vitamin ...
Ouanes Sami S Dr. Ouanes is from the Service de Neurologie, CHU Razi, La Manouba 2010 in Tunisia. Drs. Hizem, Djebara, Kacem, Gargouri, and Gouider are from the Service de Neurologie, CHU Razi, La Manouba 2010 and the Unité de Recherche de Neurophysiologie Clinique et Électrodiagnostic 03/UR/08-09 Faculté de Médecine de Tunis in - - 2013
We present the case of a 63-year-old woman with comorbidity of myasthenia gravis and psychosis. Different diagnostic hypotheses based on a review of the literature are discussed. A protracted history of physical spousal abuse, patient symptoms, and results of different investigations allowed us to conclude that the patient had a ...
Saito Ako - - 2013
The aim of this study was to review diagnostic/therapeutic strategies of umbilical endometriosis managed in our department and evaluate the effectiveness of these strategies. Medical records for patients with diagnosis of endometriosis managed from 1999 through 2011 in the University of Tokyo Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Cases with diagnosis of ...
Govindaraju Radhikaraj Coimbatore - - 2013
Self-inflicted abdominal stab wounds are generally uncommon and there is no published report of survivors after extensive self inflicted disembowelment with mutilation. Here we present a case of 28 year old male who was brought to hospital 2 1/2 h after disembowelment through self inflicted abdominal stab injuries. The patient had hypovolemic ...
Kendler K S - - 2013
This article describes the history of the Scientific Review Committee (SRC) for DSM-5 and reviews its background, procedures and deliberative processes, and conceptual/philosophical framework. The results of its work and the most important and contentious issues that arose in its efforts are reviewed. The central role of the SRC was ...
Chatziioannidis S - - 2013
Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus due to idiopathic aqueductal stenosis is a chronic abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the cerebral ventricles caused by an obstruction in the Sylvian aqueduct. This leads to a dilatation of the ventricular system and to subsequent damage of the adjacent parenchyma. Although NPH typically presents with ...
Key Richard Garrett - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Paraneoplastic syndromes are of interest to psycho-oncologists because they may be misdiagnosed initially as primary psychiatric disorders and can have profound neuropsychiatric and psychosocial sequelae. Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration (PCD) is a paraneoplastic syndrome which destroys Purkinje cells of the cerebellum and causes trunk and limb ataxia, dysarthria, diplopia, and ...
McCrory Paul - - 2013
The purpose of this paper was to review the current state of evidence for chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) in retired athletes and to consider the potential differential diagnoses that require consideration when retired athletes present with cognitive and psychiatric problems. MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, Mosby's Index, PsycEXTRA, PsycINFO and Scopus. Key ...
Kırpınar Ismet - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Trichobezoar, a hair ball in the gastrointestinal tract, is usually the result of the urge to pull out one's own hair (trichotillomania) and swallow it (trichophagia). It is almost exclusively seen in young females and may cause serious medical complications. This case report will describe an adult female patient ...
Sangwan Aditi - - 2013
Primary immune thrombocytopenia is an acquired bleeding disorder with no clinically apparent cause of thrombocytopenia. Clinical indicators of ITP include easy bruising of the skin, prolonged bleeding on injury, mucocutaneous lesions such as petechiae and ecchymosis, epistaxis, gastrointestinal bleeding, hematuria and bleeding from the gums. It is important for a ...
Berngard Samuel Clark - - 2013
We present an unusual case of nontyphoidal Salmonella causing an epidural abscess and vertebral osteomyelitis in a severely immunocompromised patient with AIDS as well as a review of the literature. Salmonella vertebral osteomyelitis is exceptionally rare, and this is the first case report in a patient with AIDS.
Sparks S - - 2013
PURPOSE: Eosinophilic cystitis is a rarely seen condition in the pediatric population with indistinct symptomatology and non-standardized treatment protocols. We review our experience of treating patients with this condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of four patients from a single institution who have been diagnosed and treated ...
Desai Sapan S - - 2013
Ileocolic pseudoaneurysmal disease is a rare splanchnic aneurysm that affects 3 out of 100 000 patients, and only 7 cases have been described in the past 40 years in patients without preexisting connective tissue disorders. Abdominal pain is the most common presenting symptom and nearly 30% of patients present with ...
Celebi Arif - - 2013
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem inflammatory disease of unknown etiology. Isolated neurosarcoidosis without signs of systemic involvement has rarely been reported in the literature. We report a case of isolated neurosarcoidosis that presented with psychiatric symptoms and headache. Cranial MRI revealed bilateral diffuse high intensity lesions in the deep white matter, ...
Wever Ineke - - 2013
This paper describes a case of mental nerve neuralgia following a traumatic dislodgement of a chin implant ten months after surgery. Our case is unusual, both in the specific complication and the patients' atypical representation-delayed and initially without mention of trauma. To the authors' knowledge, this case has not been ...
Martín-Hernández Rubén - - 2013
Acute vestibular deficit as the first sign of leukemia is extremely rare. The literature shows some cases of sudden hearing loss accompanied by instability and associated with hyperviscosity syndrome. We present the case of a patient who presents a harmonic vestibular deficit of the right ear. The complementary studies revealed ...
Grover S - - 2013
Although, neuropsychiatric morbidity is quite high in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), catatonia has been rarely reported. We report a case of a 22-year-old female who presented with catatonic symptoms at the time of relapse of SLE and have discussed the presentation in the context of existing literature with ...
Chau Peter - - 2013
The case of a 14-year-old female with ectopic atrial tachycardia who had been followed for a history of anxiety and depression is presented. The patient was admitted to the intensive care unit after she attempted suicide, at which point there was electrocardiographic evidence of the atrial arrhythmia. During subsequent invasive ...
Braksick S - - 2013
Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disease that can present systemically, but primarily has pulmonary manifestations. It is reported across all races, but has a higher incidence among African Americans. Neurological involvement in sarcoidosis is rare, with cranial nerve seven being the most commonly reported neurological finding. Trigeminal neuralgia, as presented in ...
Van Biervliet S - - 2013
Anal canal duplication (ACD) is the least frequent digestive duplication. Symptoms are often absent but tend to increase with age. Recognition is, however, important as almost half of the patients with ACD have concomitant malformations. We present the clinical history of an eleven-year-old girl with ACD followed by a review ...
Melo Matias Carvalho Aguiar MC Hospital de Saúde Mental Professor Frota Pinto Rua Vicente Nobre Macedo, S/N, Messejana, 60841-110 Fortaleza, CE, - - 2013
Schizencephaly is a rare malformation of the central nervous system defined as a gray matter-lined cleft filled with cerebrospinal fluid that extends from the pial surface to the ventricle. Few cases of association with psychosis were reported in the scientific literature. We present a case of a 46-year-old woman, admitted ...
Ahmed Amir I A - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Over the past years, the impact of varenicline in patients with mental illness has been debated as serious neuropsychiatric adverse events (AEs) have been reported with varenicline use. AIM: To identify and summarize published case reports of neuropsychiatric AEs ascribed to varenicline and to determine potential risk factors for ...
Zaraa Inès - - 2012
Pellagra is a rare condition that has been known for many years to be related to niacin deficiency. Clinically known as the 4 "D" symptoms for dermatitis, diarrhea, dementia, and even death, skin changes remain one of the most important features of this pathology, leading frequently to the diagnosis. Pellagra ...
Laiho T - - 2012
ACCESSIBLE SUMMARY: ● Understanding the factors associated with the decision to use seclusion or restraint may help to reduce the use of coercive measures through the implementation of appropriate measures. ● This integrative literature review brings together a broad view of factors associated with decision making in the use of seclusion or ...
Zacharia George - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: Hemoglobin SO-Arab is a rare sickling disorder with a clinical course similar to that of hemoglobin SS. Hemoglobin C-Harlem is another rare condition that produces sickling disorders in affected individuals with a disease course and electrophoretic findings similar to that of hemoglobin SO-Arab. The authors report the case of ...
Reid William H - - 2012
Good lawyers look for integrity in their expert con- sultants and expert witnesses. They need truthful, accurate information to help them assess and frame cases, win or settle them favorably, and/or with- draw when the case has little merit. Experts should be well qualified to review, interpret, and eventual- ly ...
Resnick Phillip J - - 2012
Forensic psychiatric reports are often the final product of a psychiatrist's work in a particular case because most cases do not go to trial but instead are settled through negotiation or plea bargaining. This article addresses the planning, writing, and editing of forensic reports. Planning a report requires thorough data ...
Ma Andrew - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: Capnocytophaga canimorsus, a bacterium commonly transmitted via dog bites, is known to cause sepsis in immunocompromised patients. Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and hemolytic uremic syndrome are rare complications of infection. The authors present a case of C canimorsus sepsis and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura in an asplenic patient and review the ...
Boots Rj - - 2012
A case of severe sepsis with multi-organ failure needing complex support was deemed too ill for transfer to a major centre. Telemedicine allowed direct patient review, collaborative advice and collegial support with maintained healthcare standards while avoiding long distance transfer from his home and family.
Prasad G L - - 2012
Split cord malformations (SCM) with a dorsally located bony spur are a very rare entity. The authors report a series of four such cases. The literature is reviewed regarding the pathogenesis and management of this uncommon variant of SCM. The presenting features include - scoliosis with motor and autonomic dysfunction ...
Dham Bhavpreet S - - 2012
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: One hallmark of neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) is the presence of multiple neurofibromas, which are hormonally responsive and may undergo rapid growth during periods of hormonal surge. Although spinal neurofibromas occur in up to 40% of patients with NF1, they rarely cause neurologic sequelae, especially in the young. ...
Zhu Andy F - - 2012
An intracochlear schwannoma is a rare cause of sensorineural hearing loss, which is little discussed in the literature. This case report details the presentation of a patient with a sensorineural hearing loss due to an intracochlear schwannoma. The patient was initially managed conservatively; however, as her symptoms and serial imaging ...
Huang Wen-Bin - - 2012
Intracranial germinomas are malignant neoplasms of gonadal origin, which have some features in terms of age, sex, and clinical manifestations. They mainly occur in children and adolescents. Patients with intracranial germinomas mainly manifest with hypothalamic pituitary axis dysfunction and/or compression syndromes. Visual disturbance is one of the most significant clinical ...
Kapata Nathan - - 2012
Objective  To document leprosy trends in Zambia over the past two decades to ascertain the importance of leprosy as a health problem in Zambia. Methods  Retrospective study covering the period 1991-2009 of routine national leprosy surveillance data, published national programme review reports and desk reviews of in-country TB reports. Results  ...
Ong Kanyin L - - 2012
Postdiarrheal hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is the most common cause of acute kidney failure among US children. The Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) conducts population-based surveillance of pediatric HUS to measure the incidence of disease and to validate surveillance trends in associated Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157 infection. ...
Kumar Suresh - - 2012
Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RSTS) is a rare congenital neurodevelopmental disorder, characterized by postnatal growth deficiency, typical dysmorphic features, broad thumbs and toes, and mental retardation. Very few cases are reported in literature from developing countries. Diagnosis is often delayed due to non-familiarity with the characteristic features of this syndrome. To report ...
Saha Debasish - - 2012
Subdural hematoma is a rare but serious complication following electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), a frequently used treatment modality in the management of various psychiatric morbidities including bipolar affective disorder (BAD). There are very few reports of intracranial bleeding following ECT in the literature. A 38-year-old female, known case of BAD for ...
Sobanko Joseph F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Practitioners are increasingly using topical anesthetics to decrease the pain associated with superficial dermatologic, aesthetic, and laser procedures. Numerous lidocaine-containing products are available, but comprehensive reviews are lacking regarding their relative safety profiles and appropriate dermatologic uses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature review of currently available topical anesthetics, their ...
Casadei Riccardo - - 2012
Mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN) of the pancreas usually affects female patients and is characterized by an ovarian-type stroma. From literature review, only 9 cases of MCNs have been reported in male patients. We describe the 10th case of a MCN in a 65-year-old male patient who underwent a distal pancreatectomy ...
Kircher Jacqueline N - - 2012
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a complex psychiatric disorder that can have devastating cardiovascular complications. Its lesser-known association with pericardial effusion has been recently described in the literature. We present the case of a 45 year-old female who presented with a recurrent small bowel obstruction requiring lysis of adhesions and who ...
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