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Results 401 - 450 of 774
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Riley C B - - 1998
The clinical features, radiographic findings, treatment, and outcome in 51 draft horses with osteochondritis dessicans (OCD) or subchondral cystic lesions (SC) are reported. Clydesdale and Percheron were the most commonly affected breeds, and affected animals represented only 5% of the hospital population of draft horses. Horses were most frequently affected ...
Santini A J - - 1998
We report a case of a seemingly anatomically impossible dislocation of the second carpometacarpal joint treated by closed manipulation, and a review the literature. Isolated second carpometacarpal joint dislocation is rare, whereas dislocations of the first, fourth and fifth joints are more common. A true lateral X-ray is necessary if ...
Brooks D H - - 1998
Fungal infections of total joint arthroplasties are extremely rare with only 21 previous reported cases in the literature. In 19 of these cases, the offending organism has been a member of the candida species. In all of these cases, the patients had no clinical evidence of disseminated fungal infection. All ...
Kumar S - - 1998
Four acute cases of volar carpometacarpal dislocations of the medial four metacarpals were treated in our hospital's emergency room. Our initial diagnosis after clinical examination was confirmed by routine x-rays of the hand. Closed reduction was followed by percutaneous fixation of the carpometacarpal joints with Kirschner wires. Satisfactory function of ...
Sciot R - - 1998
Synovial chondromatosis is a rare lesion, which is still believed by most authors to be reactive rather than neoplastic. We report on a case of synovial chondromatosis with clonal chromosomal changes [43,XX,der (1) t (1;13) (p21-22;q21),-6,-13,-14, add(21) (q21)]. The presence of clonal chromosomal changes in this and in three previously ...
Johnston K A - - 1998
Palmoplantar pustulosis associated with sternocostoclavicular hyperostosis is characterized by asymmetrical and nonerosive involvement of the sternocostoclavicular joint, spine, and peripheral joints in association with palmoplantar pustulosis. This seronegative arthrosteitis has been most frequently described in the rheumatologic literature. Male and female patients are affect equally, but there tends to be ...
Caminiti M F - - 1998
Although the management of acute dislocations of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) has not changed significantly in recent years, chronic dislocations continue to be treated by a variety of methods. Long-standing cases are the most difficult and frustrating to manage. This paper reports on four cases demonstrating the signs and symptoms ...
Thiagarajan P - - 1998
Severe black staining due to metallic wear debris has been reported in metal-on-metal hip prosthesis(3). This problem is not commonly seen because of the popular use of metal-on-polyethylene component and has not been previously reported with the use of isoelastic femoral prosthesis. We report a case of severe metallosis in ...
Henry M B - - 1998
This report describes the case of a 67-year-old male victim of an auto-pedestrian accident who was alert and neurologically intact on initial presentation. The patient denied head or neck pain and was without evidence of craniocervical injury. A lateral c-spine radiograph did not show any abnormal findings. The patient deteriorated ...
Gann N - - 1998
The purpose of this case report is to highlight an unusual diagnosis and mechanism of injury. Vertical patellar dislocation is an uncommon entity. Relatively few cases have been reported in the literature, and most of these have occurred in adolescent boys who have sustained a direct blow to the knee ...
Totten V Y - - 1998
"Locked" or dislocated temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a common problem in emergency medicine. Like many other joint dislocations, the repositioning of the joint can be facilitated by conscious sedation and muscular relaxation. Propofol is a useful agent for use in the emergency department because of its extremely short half-life, its ...
Resseque B - - 1998
Subtalar joint dislocation is a rare entity, accounting for only 1% of all traumatic dislocations. The authors report a case of an adolescent with gradual lateral subluxation of an anatomically abnormal subtalar joint with no history of trauma, an extremely rare presentation. The patient also had a congenitally short limb. ...
Cohen E - - 1998
A case of multiple dorsal dislocations of the metacarpophalangeal joints is presented with a review of literature. Prompt recognition of the dislocation type is essential, followed by trial of closed reduction under proper anesthesia; open reduction is sometimes required. A short period of immobilization is needed, followed by intensive rehabilitation.
Schai P - - 1998
PURPOSE: We report the case of an inferior glenohumeral dislocation of the shoulder in which arthroscopic assessment showed an extensive detachment of the labral-biceps tendon complex (Bankart and superior labrum anterior posterior [SLAP] lesions). We sought to review the literature to compare our findings with the reported lesions in this ...
Levine B P - - 1998
This case report describes an isolated plantar lateral dislocation of the medial cuneiform. We were able to find only one other similar case reported in the literature. That case had a delayed diagnosis of 5 months and with an associated an avulsion fracture of the second metatarsal base. Dines et ...
Kelm J - - 1998
This paper presents the case of a 51-year-old man with a ganglion originating from the superior tibiofibular joint. In the context of the present literature, different theories of the pathogenesis, clinical symptoms, various kinds of imaging methods in regard of the differential diagnosis and the broad spectrum of operative and ...
Festa F - - 1998
A physiotherapeutic approach, with manual maneuvers and/or distraction appliances, is indicated in the treatment of temporomandibular joint disorders (TMDs) to prevent the progressive fibrosis of the muscle fibers. In this article, the authors report preliminary results of experimental and clinical studies conducted to assess the real effect of distraction in ...
Pimpalnerkar A - - 1998
Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a monoarticular condition with a variable prognosis. The first account of it was given by Chassaignac in 1852. The condition was given its name by Jaffe in 1941. In separate studies Miller in 1982 and Flandry et al. in 1994 determined the overall incidence of ...
Gerard F - - 1998
Dorsal dislocation of the thumb interphalangeal joint is rare. Only very few cases of irreducible dislocation has been reported at this joint. The authors report a case of compound irreducible dislocation due to the palmar plate interposition. The sesamoid, the flexor pollicis longus have been reported to block reduction of ...
Roland P S - - 1998
The temporomandibular joint (TMS) lies at the skull base. Its bony roof forins part of the floor of the middle cranial fossa. It is bounded by the infratemporal fossa, external auditory canal, middle ear, and eustachian tube. When wide resection of tumors arising within the TMJ is necessary, skull base ...
Daelen B - - 1997
A case is reported of a 56-year-old woman who suffered from recurrent dislocations of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) secondary to an exacerbated tetraspastic syndrome of multiple sclerosis. Following chemical denervation of the masseter and pterygoid muscles with injections of type A botulinum toxin, no further dislocations occurred for periods of ...
Maitra R - - 1997
Isolated dislocations of the middle cuneiform are uncommon. There have been four reported previously. Significant force is required to produce these injuries, and they can have serious neurovascular consequences. In this case report and review of the literature, we present an isolated middle cuneiform dislocation in a 69-year-old farmer with ...
MacDonald P B - - 1997
A case is presented of a combined tear of the posterior cruciate and medial collateral ligaments with medial collateral ligament fibers herniated through the medial capsule and occupying the medial compartment, which resulting in a locked knee. The author is not aware of any reports in the literature of this ...
Lucas J H - - 1997
Synovial chondromatosis is a rare benign intraarticular metaplasia of synovium. This process may result in the production of detached particles of highly cellular cartilage in the involved joint spaces. It is most often reported in the larger joints of the body including the knee, hip, elbow, and ankle. Since Axhausen ...
Brogdon B G - - 1997
The term "luxatio erecta" has been borrowed from the shoulder to identify rare traumatic hip dislocations in which there is inferior dislocation of the femoral head and inversion of the femoral shaft. A review of the literature is presented along with an additional illustrative case. The mechanism of injury, and ...
Kurihara K - - 1997
An 85-year-old man was found to have a calcified mass protruding from the joint space of the right temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Microscopically, the removed mass consisted of chondromyxoid tissue with atypical chondrocytes, resembling a cartilaginous tumor. However, the chondromyxoid tissue contained abundant deposits of rod-shaped to rhomboid crystals which proved ...
Borton D C - - 1997
Pigmented nodular synovitis is an uncommon condition of the foot. In this case history, we report a case of pigmented nodular synovitis in the first metatarsophalangeal joint, treated by arthroscopic synovectomy. Pigmented nodular synovitis to our knowledge has not been described in the first metatarsophalangeal joint. We report successful treatment ...
Schubert F - - 1997
A case of an unusual destructive hip osteo-arthropathy with a plain-film record of rapid joint destruction is reported. In the absence of any laboratory or pathological support for other pathology this is thought to be an uncommon example of erosive or inflammatory osteo-arthritis in a large joint.
Rao J P - - 1997
The authors describe a case of superior dislocation of patella that was irreducible by closed methods. Extensive review of the literature revealed that this is the first case reported in which an open reduction was needed to reduce a superior dislocation of the patella to unlock the osteophytes, which were ...
Horii E - - 1997
In order that the factors causing poor surgical outcome might be clarified, 175 duplicated thumbs bifurcating at the metacarpophalangeal joint level were analyzed. Cases were further divided into types A-D, based upon the details of the bifurcation form; that is, based on the connection of the radial digit to the ...
Emmelot C H - - 1997
Fusion of the shoulder joint after a brachial plexus injury is a well known procedure in cases of flail shoulder in combination with normal motor and sensory function in the band. However, in combination with modern orthoses to stabilize the elbow, fusion of the shoulder in cases of a totally ...
Clark R F - - 1997
This article reports a case of digital intraarticular envenomation from a T. flavomaculatus mcgregori pit viper resulting in severe joint damage. Bites by these snakes are rare in the U.S.A. since this species is only found in collections and zoos. Intraarticular envenomations from crotalids are rare and may result in ...
Inokuchi S - - 1997
Anterior subtalar dislocations are extremely rare. To our knowledge, only four cases have been reported in detail in the literature. A diagnosis of anterior subtalar dislocation should be confirmed by an anteroposterior view radiograph because lateral subtalar dislocation always includes some anterior displacement of the mid-foot. We report a case ...
Rath E - - 1997
Simultaneous bilateral posterior dislocation of the hip is very uncommon and most cases are caused by road accidents. Simultaneous bilateral posterior dislocation of the hip due to convulsions is extremely rare. We report the case of a man who was diagnosed late and operated on 15 weeks after the injury. ...
Bae D K - - 1997
There are many reports about the snapping syndrome in the hip, shoulder, and ankle, but the snapping knee has rarely been reported. In general, the symptom of this disorder is relatively tolerable and seldom requires operative treatment. We experienced one case of the snapping knee, for which the pain, easy ...
Catalano O - - 1997
Intraosseous pneumatocyst of the ilium is a rare lesion of uncertain origin. It predilects male subjects and may be associated or not with sacroiliac joint degenerative disease, intra-articular gas, sacral pneumatocyst, and communication with the articular space. To our knowledge, only 16 observations have been reported in the literature. We ...
Moon M S - - 1997
Nine cases of acquired absence of the fibular shaft were studied to determine the growth contribution of the distal fibula; in 6 cases the absence was caused by osteomyelitis and in 3 cases by trauma. The average valgus and external rotational deformities were 15.2 degrees and 10 degrees, respectively. In ...
al-Torki N A - - 1997
We report a Bedouin family with gerodermia osteodysplastica in which there are two affected female siblings. They have a prematurely aged face with loose and wrinkled skin, joint laxity/dislocation, and osteoporosis. Unusual traits that have not been previously reported in association with gerodermia osteodysplastica were ear anomalies and an abnormal ...
Crisponi G - - 1997
The purpose of this report is to describe a patient with a pattern of malformations very similar to those described by Antley and Bixler. They include craniosynostosis, midface hypoplasia with proptosis, ear anomalies, choanal stenosis, long tapered fingers with a bulbous tip, elbow joint contracture due to radio-ulnar synostosis and ...
Onur O - - 1997
Rickets can manifest with a wide variety of rheumatic symptoms. In this paper, a fifteen year old female patient with hypophosphatemic rickets presenting with symptoms suggesting sacroiliitis at disease onset is reported. The sacroiliac joint involvement in this case was attributed to the subchondral bone fractures due to the secondary ...
Chow T K - - 1997
A case of bilateral temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis in a Chinese male patient with ankylosing spondylitis is presented. A review of the literature emphasizes the rarity of this arthro-pathology in ankylosing spondylitis. The importance in the recognition of this complication by clinical examination supplemented by computed tomography is stressed.
Li E C - - 1996
A case study is presented to illustrate the concept of femoral component failure secondary to polyethylene wear in a 67 year old man, 13 years after he had conforming type total knee replacements. This case illustrates the theory that this observed problem may be a leading cause of failure in ...
Hughes M J - - 1996
Traumatic hip dislocation constitutes a true orthopedic emergency, is a relatively rare occurrence in the pediatric population, and may be accompanied by minimal trauma. Long-term morbidity such as avascular necrosis or osteoarthritis of the femoral head may be significant if the diagnosis is not expeditiously confirmed radiographically and prompt reduction ...
Spranger S - - 1996
We report on a 13-month old boy with microcephalic osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism (MOPD), whose radiographic signs correspond with type II of this entity. Some of his clinical signs, such as the anomalies of the external genitalia and the urinary tract, are common to this subgroup of MOPD, but he also ...
Cascone P - - 1996
Synovial chondromatosis is a benign monoarticular arthropathy characterized by metaplastic cartilaginous foci developed in the synovial membrane. We present a review of the literature and report on five additional cases of synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint. Radiographic examination by computed tomographic scan allowed us to identify this disease as ...
Peh W C - - 1996
The hypotheses that carpal arcs normally break in radial and ulnar deviation and that they remain intact in the neutral position were tested. Wrist instability series of 100 asymptomatic wrists were reviewed. Three carpal arcs were drawn on posteroanterior (prone) and anteroposterior (supine) x-ray films in neutral and radial- and ...
Pande M - - 1996
PURPOSE: To assess the incidence and visual morbidity of lens matter dislocation during phacoemulsification and the relationship between this complication and surgical experience. SETTING: Teaching and district general hospitals. METHODS: A multiple-choice questionnaire was sent to members of the Northern and Midlands Ophthalmological Societies. They were asked about the incidence ...
Martini G - - 1996
Disk displacement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) without reduction has been considered a fundamental pathophysiologic abnormality of the joint. In this paper there are supportive clinical and MRI evidence of a successful repetitive manipulative technique for the treatment of acute and chronic locking. In 1500 treated cases, documented on videotape, ...
Smith G R - - 1996
Carpometacarpal dislocations of the ulnar four joints are rare injuries that are usually associated with high-energy trauma. Given the small number of cases reported, there exists some controversy regarding their optimal management. The case of a 27-year-old man who sustained a dorsal dislocation (without associated fractures) of the ulnar four ...
Stratton N J - - 1996
Reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome (RSDS) is a well-defined entity, caused by many clinical conditions, leading to pain, stiffness, and vasomotor changes in the affected region. In this case, a 49-year-old man presented with a history of right foot pain secondary to a fall. Plain radiographs did not reveal any fractures ...
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