Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 774
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Kobayashi R - - 2001
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in a 59-year-old Japanese woman is reported, including details of clinical, histopathological and radiological findings. The patient had been diagnosed as having RA of the right knee joint 41 years previously, and suffered from arthralgia of the right TMJ. Radiological examination showed ...
Sampathkumar K - - 2001
STUDY DESIGN: A case report of nerve root entrapment due to pigmented villonodular synovitis of lumbar facet joint is reported for which excision was performed. OBJECTIVE: To report a rare cause for nerve root claudication. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pigmented villonodular synovitis is an uncommon synovial abnormality with an estimated ...
Davidson A - - 2001
We report a case of a nodular variant of pigmented villonodular synovitis of the knee that developed after an arthroscopic lateral release of the synovium by laser for an unrelated condition. This case, the first reported case of pigmented villonodular synovitis following laser treatment, lends weight to the etiological association ...
Ramadass T - - 2001
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a disease that has come to limelight in the rreent past to account for various ear, nose and throat disorders. Fifty patients from my outpatient department, presenting with chronic dry paroxysmal cough, choking spells, globus sensation, voice change, burning throat syndrome, dysphagia were evaluated, with ...
Silver J R - - 2001
Review of five cases of post-traumatic syringomyelia originally described between 1898-1920. To describe the earliest presentation of post-traumatic syringomyelia and to compare to modern day views of this condition. Historical review. Pathogenesis and interpretation of the findings are discussed in the light of current knowledge. Credit for the first description ...
Spicer D D - - 2001
A series of 199 total hip arthroplasties was performed using a porous-coated, hemispherical press-fit acetabular cup. At a mean follow-up of 91.5 months 158 cups were available for clinical and radiological review. The mean age of the patients at the time of the index arthroplasty was 62.5 years. The mean ...
Pradhan R L - - 2001
The attachment of the superior glenohumeral ligament (SGHL) to the upper pole of the glenoid is variable and 3 types have been described. We report an anatomic variant of SGHL attachment to the upper pole of the glenoid that has not heretofore been reported in the literature. In this case, ...
Pantazis C G - - 2001
We report an unusual case of Langerhans cell granulomatosis (LCG) manifested as a villous synovial proliferation in a 38-year-old female jogger. One year after the onset of joint symptoms, she had a classical LCG presentation with skin and visceral lymph node involvement. Review of the literature revealed only one case ...
Mahieu X - - 2001
Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) rarely affects the shoulder. Fewer than 30 cases have been reported in the English and French language literature. In those patients, PVNS was treated by open surgery involving total or local synovectomy, sometimes associated with total shoulder replacement, cuff tear repair, or arthroplastic head resection. The ...
Buess E - - 2001
The case of a 22-year-old man with synovial chondromatosis (SC) of the shoulder joint is described. A literature review confirmed that SC of the glenohumeral joint is very rare and that the etiology of the disease is still unknown. The diagnosis is often delayed, and the preferred form of management ...
Kumar A - - 2000
We report a case of synovial chondromatosis of the proximal interphalangeal joint of the dominant right index finger with a follow-up of four years. The lesion recurred within a year of complete excision of the fibrous sac containing cartilaginous nodules. Despite early recurrence and extensive calcification around the proximal phalanx, ...
Belcastro M G - - 2000
A Roman skeleton (T.130) from the roman necropolis of Casalecchio di Reno has been studied in order to understand if the hypothesis of crutch use, suggested by the severe articular degeneration at the hip joint that caused evident reduction of his locomotory possibilities, could be supported by the morphological alterations ...
O'Connell J X - - 2000
Synovium is specialized mesenchymal tissue that is essential for the appropriate function of the locomotor apparatus. It is the site for a series of pathologic processes that are characteristic, and in some cases specific, to this distinctive tissue. In this article, the normal microscopic anatomy of synovium is briefly reviewed. ...
Zissiadis Y - - 2000
A 59-year-old man presented with an inability to weight-bear due to an acute, red, hot, swollen knee joint which was subsequently found to be due to a malignant joint effusion consequent to colonic carcinoma. Treatment with radiation therapy relieved his symptoms. A review of the literature reveals that malignant joint ...
Botelho R V - - 2000
Traumatic overdistraction between C1 and C2 may occur when all the ligaments connecting C2 to the skull are ruptured, and may be manifested when an attempt to reduce C1-C2 subluxation is made by means of traction. We describe here the case of a patient with traumatic anterior atlantoaxial dislocation, who ...
Zayer M - - 2000
All reports agree that the physiological genu varum is a normal condition in early childhood which does not require any treatment, but there is no documentation to correlate between the clinical and radiographic severity of the varus deformity in early childhood and the prognosis in later life. Seventy three cases ...
Mori K - - 2000
STUDY DESIGN: Case report of spontaneous Fielding and Hawkins Type I atlantoaxial rotatory fixation in a 78-year-old man after hemiplegia and homonymous hemianopsia caused by cerebral infarction. OBJECTIVES: To describe a case of spontaneous atlantoaxial rotatory fixation in old age and review previous adult cases of atlantoaxial rotatory fixation without ...
Park D S - - 2000
There are few references in the literature to an isolated lateral tarsometatarsal joint arthrodesis. Most references include it as a component of a Lisfranc's joint arthrodesis, which usually involves arthrodesis of at least the intermediate tarsometatarsal joint. A case report involving the treatment of an isolated lateral tarsometatarsal joint arthrosis ...
Chattar-Cora D - - 2000
Traumatic atlanto-occipital dislocation is usually instantaneously fatal when it occurs. Survival is possible with minimal remaining neurologic deficits if diagnosed quickly and treated appropriately. The authors present three reports of patients who survived the incident, and they review the anatomy of the atlanto-occipital joint, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of ...
Barrack R L - - 2000
The results of revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in which a well-fixed patellar component was left in place (retained) were compared with those in which the patellar component was revised to a cemented all-polyethylene component. The patella was retained in 34 cases, 12 of which were metal-backed, and was revised ...
Mesmar M A - - 2000
A case of simultaneous dislocation of the proximal and distal interphalangeal joints of the same digit is described. The case presented at Princess Basma Teaching Hospital after athletic trauma. It was treated successfully with close reduction followed by two weeks immobilization in slight flexion position. The condition is described in ...
Huang P J - - 2000
Total dislocation of talus from all its surrounding joints (tibiotalar, subtalar and talonavicular) is an extremely rare injury. Because of its rarity, only few case reports can be found in the literature. In the review of the literature, infection and AVN are the most commonly encountered complications that affect the ...
Veras del Monte L M - - 2000
STUDY DESIGN: Case report of a patient with lumbosacral dislocation. OBJECTIVES: To report a case of traumatic lumbosacral dislocation treated nonoperatively, with 10 years of follow-up. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Lumbosacral dislocation is rare, with only 48 cases reported in the literature. Surgical treatment by means of open reduction and ...
Wintman B I - - 2000
A complete dislocation of the trapezium from its fossa is rare. We present a case of a 36-year-old man with a complete ulnar and volar dislocation of the trapezium. The trapezium was reduced with manual manipulation and was held in anatomic position by using multiple Kirschner wires. The patient's clinical ...
Kyriakos M - - 2000
STUDY DESIGN: A case report of a cervical facet joint synovial chondromatosis. OBJECTIVES: To correlate the radiologic and histologic features of vertebral synovial chondromatosis with review of the literature. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Only two previous cases of vertebral facet joint synovial chondromatosis were found in a review of the ...
Katarincic J A - - 2000
Linear scleroderma is a subtype of localized scleroderma that most commonly affects children. The disease is rare, and the course is unpredictable. Most cases spontaneously resolve in 3-5 years. A small number, however, slowly progress to involve deeper subcutaneous tissues, muscles, and periosteum. Subsequent joint contractures and gross disturbances are ...
Chiu F Y - - 2000
Between 1994 and 1997, 180 cases of primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) were performed with the posterior (Moore) approach for a variety of indications and studies prospectively. The cases were separated randomly into 2 groups to evaluate the effect of posterior capsulorrhaphy in the prevention of postoperative dislocation. In group ...
Agarwal S - - 2000
The presence of anterior dislocation of the hip along with contralateral posterior dislocation of the hip in the absence of other major trauma is a distinctly rare injury pattern. We report such a case resulting from a motor vehicle striking a pedestrian, along with a review of previous cases. The ...
Chao V T - - 1999
The use of the abductor digiti minimi transfer to restore opposition in patients with hypoplasia of the thumb has been widely described in the literature. It has been found to be effective in restoring abduction, but less so in restoring the rotational component of opposition. In cases where there is ...
Street C C - - 1999
Osteochondral injury of the first metatarsophalangeal joint is described in most literature as "osteochondritis dissecans" and an early stage of hallux rigidus. Traumatic osteochondral lesions of the knee and ankle are relatively common and well described. A case of a traumatic osteochondral defect of the first metatarsal head is presented.
Lee J H - - 1999
In this report we describe a case of volar dislocation of the capitate associated with dislocation of the ulnar side of the carpometacarpal joint. Forced dorsiflexion of the wrist caused the rotation and volar displacement of the proximal portion of the capitate. Dislocation of the capitate is rare and may ...
Goudot P - - 1999
A case of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystal deposition arthropathy of the temporomandibular joint is reported. The patient presented a 10-year history of swelling and pain of the left preauricular region. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a calcified mass filling the joint space and destroying the roof of the joint. Radiographs ...
Jensen V - - 1999
A systematic review of arthrosis of finger joints in relation to occupational exposure revealed 11 epidemiological studies and 13 case reports. All studies but one were cross-sectional rendering demonstration of causation problematic. The reviewed literature also had drawbacks relating to exposure classification, confounding and non-attendance. Four studies showed an association ...
Harcke H T - - 1999
As with any sonographic study, the accuracy of the examination is related to the skill and experience of the examiner. In this review of pediatric hip sonography, we have reviewed pitfalls and differential diagnoses for the infant suspected of DDH and for the older child presenting with a painful hip. ...
Dom K - - 1999
A case of hematogenous spread of an actinomycotic granule to the left hip joint is presented. This occurred in a 62-year-old woman under immunosuppressive treatment for Wegener's disease. It was a chance finding on routine synovium biopsy during a total hip replacement. Treatment consisted of 1 g ampicillin I.M. a ...
Martinet P - - 1999
Two cases of neuropathic arthropathy of the hip are reported. One was the first manifestation of tabes dorsalis in a 74-year-old man, whereas the second occurred in a 47-year-old woman with a history of spina bifida and L2-L5 epidural lipoma. Radiographic joint destruction occurred within five and three months, respectively. ...
Louwerse R T - - 1999
We report on the failure of fixation of a polyethylene liner of a Harris/Galante first-generation cementless acetabular component (Zimmer, Warsaw, IN). The failure was diagnosed 9 years after implantation. The polyethylene liner was partly dissociated in its metal shell, resulting in nearly complete wearing through of the metal caused by ...
Ramaré S - - 1999
An unusual case of vertical atlantoaxial dislocation without medulla oblongata or spinal cord injury is reported. The pathogenic process suggested occipito-axial dislocation. The case was treated surgically with excellent results on mobility and pain.
Martini F - - 1999
We report on a 67-year-old women who had pain after a knee arthroplasty in the region of the lateral meniscus. The arthroscopy showed the remainder of the posterior horn of the lateral meniscus, which luxated as a bucket handle tear into the joint. The resection led to an immediate relief. ...
Takai S - - 1999
Proximal tibiofibular synostosis without multiple hereditary exostosis is extremely rare and only 7 cases have been reported in the literature. All of the previously reported cases accompanied deformities such as distal positioning of the proximal tibiofibular joint, leg length discrepancy, bowing of the fibula, and valgus deformity of the knee. ...
Sansone V - - 1999
We report an uncommon case of locking of the knee in a 23-year-old girl. It was due to an osteochondroma at the medial aspect of the proximal tibia.
Demirhan M - - 1999
Synovial chondromatosis, is the chondroid metaplasia of the synovial membrane. Large joints such as the knee and hip are most commonly involved. Extraarticular involvement is rarely described. Synovial chondromatosis may be associated with impingement syndrome of the shoulder. We report a case of synovial chondromatosis of the subcoracoid bursa, which ...
Müller L P - - 1999
Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) as reviewed in detail elsewhere most frequently involves the knee and finger synovial structures; shoulder involvement is rare: A search through the English literature yielded 18 publications describing 25 cases of PVNS affecting the shoulder joint. Analyzing these reports we found the clinical and radiological findings ...
Stephensen S L - - 1999
A possible relation between joint replacement and malignancy has previously been suggested in a few cases. In the majority of these cases, the authors found either malignant fibrous histiocytomas or osteosarcomas. We hereby report the first case of a liposarcoma in the vicinity of a joint prosthesis.
Carro L P - - 1999
Intra-articular fibrous bands and soft-tissue impingement under the patella after total knee replacement are a well known complications that can be diagnosed and treated arthroscopically. Arthroscopic treatment of soft-tissue impingement between femoral and tibial components in a total knee arthroplasty has been recently reported. The purpose of this article is ...
Middleton J W - - 1998
A "proof of concept" prototype of a new device to link bilateral knee-ankle-foot orthoses, the Mooring Medial Linkage Orthosis (Moorong MLO), is presented. The device consists of an arcuate sliding link centred on the hip joints with rolling element bearings to minimise friction. A single repeated-measures case study is reported ...
Loncarich D P - - 1998
Dislocation of the posterior tibial tendon has been reported rarely in the English literature. We report a case of traumatic dislocation of the posterior tibial tendon. The diagnosis was delayed for months and was ultimately made by magnetic resonance imaging, which accurately determined the location of the tendon. At the ...
Lai P L - - 1998
Os trigonum tarsi is found in 7% of the world adult population. However, it rarely causes symptoms. The majority of patients with os trigonum tarsi are found incidentally. This condition is often found in ballet dancers, javelin throwers and soccer players. It rarely produces symptoms in normally active adults. The ...
Campeau N G NG Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Minnesota 55905, - - 1998
This case report demonstrates the ultrasound appearance of synovial osteochondromatosis of the shoulder, along with plain film radiographic, computed tomographic, and pathologic correlation. Because of recent renewed interest in the use of ultrasonography in the evaluation of musculoskeletal disease, such as rotator cuff arthropathy or suspected intra-articular loose body, opportunities ...
Goetz D D - - 1998
Between April 1988 and February 1993, 101 constraining acetabular components were implanted into 98 patients. One patient was lost to followup at 8 months. Otherwise, all patients were observed until death or for at least 2 years minimum followup. The average clinical followup for the living patients was 61 months ...
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