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Results 301 - 350 of 774
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Chen Chun-Yang - - 2003
Primary synovial chondromatosis is an uncommon disorder, and involvement of the hip joint is rare. The clinical symptoms are usually non-specific, and a clinical diagnosis of synovial chondromatosis of the hip may be difficult and delayed, especially before the ossifying nodules become evident. Loose bodies in the joint can cause ...
Pham T T - - 2003
Recurrent spontaneous hemarthrosis of the knee is common and often related to a detectable cause. In contrast, hemarthrosis after knee arthroplasty is rare and frequently unexplained. We report a case of recurrent hemarthrosis 6 years after total knee arthroplasty. The cause was hypervascularization about the joint, and embolization therapy was ...
Cruz-Conde Rafael - - 2003
STUDY DESIGN: Case report of a patient with acute traumatic lumbosacral dislocation. OBJECTIVE: To report a case of traumatic lumbosacral dislocation treated with open reduction internal fixation and fusion. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: To our knowledge, there are only 49 cases reported in the literature of this exceptional lesion. Complete ...
Shimode Kazumi - - 2003
We encountered a rare case of bilateral juvenile Blount's disease diagnosed as unilateral at the onset. The patient was a 9-year-old girl who visited our outpatient clinic with pain and deformity in the left knee. Examination of the left knee showed severe varus deformity. Correction of the varus deformity and ...
Abdelwahab Ibrahim Fikry - - 2003
A 72-year-old asian woman who had immigrated from Vietnam 10 years ago presented with a soft tissue mass around the proximal fibula. Conventional radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a destructive lesion of the head of the fibula with an intact superior tibiofibular joint and an abscess surrounding the destroyed ...
Bassi R S - - 2003
Superior dislocation of the patella is a rare diagnosis. A 72 year old woman attended the accident and emergency department of the hospital with a painful right knee after a knock to the knee. Clinical examination and radiographs confirmed a superior dislocation of the patella, which was reduced and closed ...
Yoon Do Heum - - 2003
Posterior dislocation of the atlas onto the axis without related fracture of the odontoid process is a very rare traumatic condition of which five cases have been previously reported. The authors present a sixth case in which management was different from the others. The patient was successfully treated by open ...
Jakubowicz Marian - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to analyse the occurrence of variants of anomalous insertions of the anterior horn of the medial meniscus in human knee joints. The study was carried out on 78 human lower limbs of both sexes (42 males and 36 females). Out of 78 knee joints, ...
Defabianis Patrizia - - 2003
Scleroderma is a rare abnormality in which fibrosis of the skin, subcutaneous tissues and muscle may occur. All forms of scleroderma are rare in childhood: the most common form is localized scleroderma. Localized scleroderma is often benign, but may cause significant deformity, if it occurs on the face or extends ...
Kamada Kazuo - - 2002
Calcaneofibular ligament insufficiency in isolation is an uncommon cause of chronic instability of the subtalar joint. We report one case of chronic subtalar instability due to calcaneofibular ligament insufficiency after an ankle sprain. It was diagnosed with clinical findings and stress radiograph, and successfully treated with proximal advancement of the ...
Jain V K - - 2002
Congenital atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD) has a high incidence in India. In these patients, even a minor trauma may precipitate severe morbidity. The management of mobile AAD consists of posterior stabilization. In fixed AAD, the offending compressive element is present anterior to the cervicomedullary junction, which should be generously removed by ...
Koenig Titus R - - 2003
Palmar dislocation of the trapezoid is a rare injury, which results from substantial trauma to the wrist. It is associated with other bony or ligamentous injuries in the wrist. If unrecognized, loss of function of the hand and early osteoarthritis may result. Treatment of choice is open reduction and internal ...
Salgado R A - - 2002
Injuries to the sternoclavicular joint are an uncommon problem, but can be life-threatening if not diagnosed and treated properly. Both anterior and posterior sternoclavicular dislocations or subluxations can occur, the latter being a rare injury. In this case report we report the imaging findings of both conventional radiography and multidetector ...
Ruiz Santiago Fernando - - 2002
A case of unilateral ball-and-socket ankle joint associated with short limb and hypoplastic sustentaculum tali is reported. We think that hypoplastic sustentaculum tali was the cardinal feature in the anatomical and kinematic alterations of the foot in this patient. We review the embryonic development of hindfoot to ascertain the possible ...
Sato J - - 2002
Synovial chondromatosis (SC) is a rare, benign condition characterized by the formation of metaplastic cartilaginous nodules. The expression of fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) and fibroblast growth factor receptor-1 (FGFR-1) in two cases of SC of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) were immunohistochemically studied. The possible roles of FGF-2 and FGFR-1 in ...
Espag M P - - 2002
Posterior shoulder dislocations are uncommon, with frequent delays in the diagnosis. Three missed posterior dislocations within our hospital caused us to review the standard radiographs taken and the knowledge of this condition. A total of 40 radiographers and 40 casualty officers were surveyed. Of the radiographers, 63% felt it unnecessary ...
Aladin A - - 2002
Unilateral fibula head dislocation is an uncommon injury. Ogden in 1974 reviewed the literature and detected 108 cases [J. Bone Joint Surg. 56(A) (1974) 145-154]. There since have been few reported cases. Bilateral fibula head dislocation only has been reported once [Rheumatol. Int. 5(1) (1984) 45-47]. We report a patient ...
Aoyama Shigeru - - 2002
The aim of our study was to find symptomatic diagnostic factors for sideways displacement of the temporomandibular joint disc, compared with anterior or rotational disc displacement. A consecutive series of 2310 temporomandibular joints were examined with MRI to define the clinical signs and symptoms particularly related to sideways disc displacement ...
Barron Robert P - - 2002
Traumatic mandibular condyle dislocations into the middle cranial fossa are rare. Thirty-three cases of middle cranial fossa injuries caused by condylar dislocations have been reported in the literature. A case report of a patient with a traumatic dislocated condyle into the middle cranial fossa, which was treated conservatively, is presented.
Song Jung Soo - - 2002
We report a case of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposition disease (CPDD) presenting as an acute polyarthritis. A 66-yr-old woman was admitted with a 5-day history of fever and multiple joint pain including wrists, elbows, shoulders, knees, and ankles developed 5 days before admission. Her plain radiographs of wrists, elbows, ...
Spanio S - - 2002
Fractures of the mandibular condylar process are common and account for up to 40% of all mandibular fractures. Penetration of the condylar head into the middle cranial fossa is, however, rare. We have found reports of only 43 cases since 1834. The diagnosis of intracranial condylar dislocation is difficult, there ...
Kucukkaya Metin - - 2002
The condition known as longitudinal epiphyseal bracket or delta phalanx is a rare congenital anomaly that affects the tubular bones of hand or foot. Metatarsal epiphyseal bracket restrains longitudinal growth, causing progressive deformity and resulting in a short, broad metatarsal and a medially deviated metatarsophalangeal joint and hallux magnus. Although ...
Dunlop C C R - - 2002
Bilateral dislocations of the shoulders are uncommon. Of the cases which do present, the majority are posterior and occur secondary to seizures associated with epilepsy, electrocution and hypoglycaemia. Bilateral anterior dislocations are thought to be very rare. This report describes such a case which occurred following minor trauma in an ...
Fischer J W - - 2002
Volar dislocation of the carpometacarpal joint of the little finger is an uncommon injury. It is subdivided in ulnopalmar and radiopalmar dislocations. The injury can easily be missed on standard x-rays. Closed reduction and K-wire fixation has commonly been used in the treatment, although closed reduction and casting has been ...
De Smet L - - 2002
Dislocation of the extensor tendon over the metacarpophalangeal joint (MCP) is rare. Involvement of the fifth ray is even more exceptional. The authors of the present study describe such a case that occurred in a professional musician. We report a divergent dislocation of both extensor tendons over the metacarpophalangeal joint ...
Dijkstra P U - - 2002
To analyze conflicting evidence in the literature for the association between temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) and generalized joint hypermobility (GJH), we performed a bibliographic search. The methodological quality of the 14 papers found was assessed according to 14 criteria. Papers were included in the analysis if the study population was ...
Rajaratnam S - - 2002
Posterior dislocation of the sternoclavicular joint is an uncommon injury. Since 1824, when Sir Astley Cooper described the injury, little more than 100 cases have been described, and the majority of these have been in the last decade, identified by computed tomography. The significant morbidity and mortality associated with this ...
Phelan David M - - 2002
Fungal prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is rare, with Candida species being the most frequently reported pathogen in the medical literature. The risk of relapse following delayed reimplantation arthroplasty for candidal PJI is unknown. We describe 4 new cases and summarize 6 previously reported cases of candidal PJI treated with delayed ...
Sansone Valerio - - 2002
We report an unusual use of the arthroscope in the case of a man who accidentally shot himself through his left thigh, the bullet ending up in the ipsilateral knee joint. After radiographic diagnosis, the bullet was successfully removed through a standard arthroscopic procedure. The patient had a quick and ...
Khan S A - - 2002
Intra-articular entrapment of the medial epicondyle with dislocation of the elbow is a common injury pattern in childhood. The occurrence of this injury is extremely rare in adults. We present two cases of dislocation of the elbow with intra-articular inclusion of the medial epicondyle in adult patients. One case was ...
Arai K - - 2002
We retrospectively reviewed the surgical treatment for 16 cases of traumatic soft tissue injury to the metacarpophalangeal joint (Boxer's knuckle). A history of trauma was present in all cases and there was an associated extensor tendon dislocation in seven cases. Eight cases were initially treated conservatively, but their symptoms persisted. ...
Greaves S - - 2002
Pseudogout is an acute presentation of one type of crystal deposition disease in which calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystals are found in the joint spaces of synovial joints. In this case, a 56-year-old caucasian male presented with right sided preauricular swelling, temporomandibular joint arthralgia and restricted mouth opening; he developed identical ...
Soejima Osamu - - 2002
Flexor carpi radialis tendinitis is an uncommon cause of pain experienced over the flexor aspect of the wrist. It may be a primary condition caused by overuse syndrome, or it may be a secondary condition associated with osteoarthritis of the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb, osteoarthritis of the scaphotrapezial joint, ...
Werle Jason - - 2002
Harris-Galante modular acetabular components (Zimmer, Warsaw, IN) have been used widely for primary and revision total hip arthroplasties. The survivorship of this implant has been well documented in the literature. Failure of the liner locking mechanism and subsequent dissociation of the polyethylene liner from the metal-backed shell is a potential ...
Bakardjiev Angel G - - 2002
Chronic dislocation of the temporomandibular jaw (TMJ) can result from lax joint ligaments and parafunctioning joints; it can also be a consequence of a systemic connective tissue disorder. The authors report a case of hypermobile joint syndrome in combination with mitral valve prolapse. The case was managed by osteosynthesis using ...
Gambera Dario - - 2002
Metallosis is usually defined as aseptic fibrosis, local necrosis, or loosening of a device secondary to metallic corrosion and release of wear debris. It is an occasional but characteristic clinical finding in patients who have a metal-on-metal design of total hip replacement, or when metal surfaces contact after a failure ...
Tabib William - - 2002
Combined dislocation of the metacarpophalangeal and interphalangeal joints of the thumb is uncommon. We know of only four previously reported cases. We report a new case characterised by dorsal dislocation of both joints. Because of entrapment of the volar plate, open reduction at the interphalangeal joint was necessary. The metacarpophalangeal ...
Albiñana Javier - - 2002
The dislocated hip in a non-ambulatory child with spastic paresis tends to be a painful interference to sleep, sitting upright, and perineal care. Proximal femoral resection-interposition arthroplasty is one method of treatment for this condition. We reviewed eight hips, two bilateral cases, with a mean follow-up of 30 months. Clinical ...
Tuncay I - - 2001
Symphalangism is a rare condition which manifests in either PIP or DIP joint congenital fusion. Symphalangism may be with some other skeletal deformities. In our case, all PIP joints of both hands were fused with bilateral hypoplasia of carpal bones and Minaar type III lunatotriquetral coalition congenitally. No motion was ...
Roche C J - - 2001
Atlanto-axial rotatory fixation (AARF) is a rare condition which occurs more commonly in children than in adults. The terminology can be confusing and the condition is also known as 'atlanto-axial rotatory subluxation' and 'atlanto-axial rotary dislocation'. Rotatory fixation is the preferred term, however, as in most cases the fixation occurs ...
Betz O - - 2001
Representatives of the staphylinid beetle Philonthus marginatus are characterized by highly modified raptorial forelegs which are used to strike prey in a particularly fast manner. Beetles ready to capture prey remain in a characteristic precapture ambush posture characterized by lifted and folded forelegs. Triggered by sensory input from the antenna ...
Suzuki K - - 2001
Post-traumatic high flow priapism is a rare disease. A review of English published reports revealed 63 cases. Enhanced computed tomography (CT) of the penis has not previously been used as a diagnostic method for post-traumatic high flow priapism. We present a case of post-traumatic high flow priapism diagnosed with enhanced ...
Berthelot J M - - 2001
STUDY DESIGN: Two cases of successful sacroiliac joint arthrodesis for medically intractable aseptic sacroiliitis are reported. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although successful arthrodesis of the sacroiliac joint had been reported previously for septic sacroiliitis, no report had shown the procedure to be effective for spondylarthropathy. METHODS: Two women with spondylarthropathy ...
Sungur N - - 2001
Infantile digital fibromatosis (recurrent digital fibromatosis) is a rare, benign fibrous growth of childhood. The authors present a case of a 16-year-old child with an infantile digital fibromatosis on the volar surface of the right little finger at the distal interphalangeal joint level. After excision of the tumor, histopathologic diagnosis ...
Jan W M - - 2001
Ligamentous laxity is common in Trisomy 21 (Down's syndrome). The literature has numerous reports of atlanto-axial instability, patellar instability, carpal instability and other manifestations of joint instability. To date, no report has been published in the English literature describing non-traumatic unilateral or bilateral wrist dislocation either in trisomy 21 or ...
Labbe J L - - 2001
Traumatic atlanto-occipital dislocation is a rarely seen clinical entity, because it is too often fatal. The case of an 8-year-old boy is presented with an anterior atlanto-occipital dislocation. He suffered from multiple injuries: severe head injury and coma, fractures of both femurs and one tibia. He was considered an incomplete ...
Gluth M B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Very few published reports in the otolaryngologic literature discuss sternoclavicular joint swelling encountered in the postoperative setting. METHODS: The authors document a case of sternoclavicular joint swelling after medialization laryngoplasty. This report is supplemented with a review of the medical literature related to pertinent conditions affecting the sternoclavicular joint. ...
Waelchli B - - 2001
We report a case of dislocation of the polyethylene inlay in revision total knee arthroplasty. Eight days after revision arthroplasty due to a previous infection, the polyethylene inlay of a PCL- retaining cemented total knee arthroplasty dislocated at about 80 degrees of flexion on the CPM machine. Lateral X-ray examination ...
Brekke M K - - 2001
Posterior facet talocalcaneal coalition is one of the rarest forms of talocalcaneal coalition. When a posterior facet coalition occurs, it typically involves a majority of the posterior facet articular surface. The authors present a rare form of posterior facet talocalcaneal coalition in an 11- year-old girl. A brief review of ...
Yáñez-Acevedo A - - 2001
Discoid lateral meniscus is a well-studied and documented entity of the knee whereas discoid medial meniscus is an extremely rare pathology. There are no more than 25 cases of medial discoid menisci reported in the literature. Some articles report bilateral lateral menisci as well as bilateral medial menisci, but there ...
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