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Shin Chris S - - 2005
This case report describes a teenage female, high-level modern dancer who suffered multiple left patellar dislocations. Her history is atypical in that after her fifth dislocation, her recovery was hindered secondary to persistent weakness and atrophy of her quadriceps out of proportion to disuse alone. Electrodiagnostic studies and magnetic resonance ...
Kerimoğlu Servet - - 2005
Plicae are synovial folds, classified according to their anatomical relationship to the patella. The medial patellar plica is normally asymptomatic, but it may cause symptoms when it becomes thickened and fibrotic. We describe three cases of bucket-handle tear of the medial patellar plica. They all suffered from anterior knee pain ...
Daniels John Spencer M - - 2005
Bifid condyle is a rare condition. Most initially reported cases were found in studies conducted on skeletal specimens. While increasing numbers are being reported on living persons, most of them are asymptomatic and have been found on routine dental radiographic examination for other dental complaints. Most of the cases of ...
Joseph George - - 2005
Superior dislocation of the patella is a rare diagnosis, which usually occurs after a trivial trauma. It usually requires manipulation with analgesics or may even need anaesthesia. We report a case of spontaneous reduction of the dislocation, which lead us to believe that this may be more common in the ...
Shafi Mohamed - - 2006
We report here an unusual case of medial meniscal hematoma of the knee joint. A review of the literature has revealed only one case that was previously reported. The authors present the successful decompression of the posterior horn of a medial meniscal hematoma through the direct posterior-posterior triangulation arthroscopic visualization ...
Doss Arockia - - 2005
Traumatic posterior dislocation of the sternoclavicular joint is an uncommon injury in children. It is not normally well seen on plain films. We report 2 cases where spiral computed tomography with intravenous contrast confirmed the clinical suspicion of sternoclavicular joint dislocation and also allowed assessment of the adjacent mediastinum for ...
Loonen Martijn P J - - 2005
Synovial chondromatosis of the wrist is rare. We report the case of a 35-year-old man with synovial chondromatosis of the left wrist with an 8-year follow-up. Frequent recurrences finally resulted in total wrist arthrodesis. A review of the literature produced 24 case reports of synovial chondromatosis of the wrist with ...
Xiang Sophia - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The authors review the literature regarding osteocartilaginous loose bodies (that is, secondary synovial chondrometaplasia or secondary synovial chondromatosis) in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), present a case report and stress the importance of early diagnosis. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 57-year-old woman was referred to an orthodontist with a chief complaint of ...
Meul B - - 2005
Pseudogout is a rare joint disease which is characterized by the presence of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystals in the intraarticular and periarticular tissue. The crystals tend to attach to fibrocartilage tissue. Pseudogout principally affects the knee and wrist joints. Involvement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is very rare. There have ...
Yano Hiroki - - 2005
Restriction of the mouth opening from a pathologic condition outside the temporomandibular joint is called a pseudo- or extra-articular ankylosis. The authors report two cases of severe post-traumatic pseudoankylosis. One case showed fibrous degeneration of the bilateral masseter muscles without a facial bone fracture, which caused severe trismus, a mouth ...
Lohmann Christoph H - - 2005
Primary intra-articular synovial chondromatosis represents an uncommon condition involving mainly the large joints predominantly of middle-aged adults. We herein document the first case of synovial chondromatosis affecting the acromio-clavicular joint of a 10-year-old girl, characterized by a solitary huge intra-articular osteochondromatous body (giant synovial chondromatosis) that had caused dislocation and ...
Tristano Antonio G AG Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Dr. Domingo Luciani, Caracas, Venezuela. - - 2005
Neuropathic arthropathy is a destructive joint disease associated frequently with loss of proprioception. Syringomyelia (with or without Arnold-Chiari malformation) is characterized by slow progression over many years; the joints involved most frequently are the shoulders and elbows. Neuropathic arthropathy of the hand is rare, and clinical features are vasomotor problems, ...
Spanier David - - 2005
Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a rare, benign, idiopathic proliferative disorder of the synovium that results in villous or nodular formation in joints, tendon sheaths, and bursae. The disease can be localized or diffuse. Its estimated prevalence is 1.8 cases per million in the United States. Large joints, such as ...
Kikuchi Y - - 2005
We report a rare case of irreducible chronic palmar dislocation of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ). This case showed that the dislocated ulnar head was impacted to the palmar cortex of the radius probably due to the dynamic force of the pronator quadratus muscle. Re-attachment of the ulnar styloid and ...
Chuo Chin-Yi - - 2005
Anterior subtalar dislocations are extremely rare. To our knowledge, six cases have been reported in detail in the literature, but for only two of these was an anteroposterior view radiograph used to confirm the diagnosis. We report a case of anterior subtalar dislocation in which the posterior tibialis tendon was ...
Dobbyn L - - 2005
Malignant (invasive) otitis externa (MOE) is an infection involving the external auditory meatus (EAM), most often found in elderly diabetics, which carries a high morbidity and mortality. In advanced cases it may give rise to osteomyelitis and cranial neuropathies. This is a case ofMOE, which invaded the posterior wall of ...
Shyamsundar S - - 2005
A 30-year-old amateur goalkeeper sustained simultaneous dislocation of the proximal and distal interphalangeal joints of the ring finger and of the proximal interphalangeal joint of the middle finger following a hyperextension injury. This was reduced under a local anaesthetic. Neighbour finger strapping and early mobilisation achieved an excellent functional outcome ...
Callaghan John J - - 2004
Constrained acetabular components have been used to treat certain cases of intraoperative instability and postoperative dislocation after total hip arthroplasty. We report our experience with a tripolar constrained component used in these situations since 1988. The outcomes of the cases where this component was used were analyzed for component failure, ...
Mekan S F - - 2004
We report a case of septic arthritis of multiple joints in an 18-year-old male caused by Aspergillus fumigatus. His initial presentation was of low-grade fever followed by involvement of both knee and ankle joints. Later, there was also involvement of metacarpophalangeal joints. Diagnosis was based on biopsy and culture of ...
Yip D K H - - 2004
The superior dislocation of the patella with interlocking osteophytes is a rare condition. A review of the English literature revealed only 12 reported cases. The purpose of reviewing these case reports is to highlight the unusual presentation and the injury mechanism in 2 of our patients, and to present our ...
Lee Kwang-Bok - - 2004
This report describes a 22-yr-old professional golfer with acute calcific periarthritis of the proximal interphalangeal joint of the 4th finger. We considered that the major cause for this condition may be the repeated minor traumas to the affected site. Also, since this condition is self-limiting, a correct diagnosis is required ...
Aydoğ Ece - - 2005
Hand and foot deformities were originally described in Parkinson's disease (PD) in 1864, although their pathogenesis still remains to be clarified. Typical hand deformities are flexion in metacarpopharyngeal joints and hyperextension in interphalangial joints, sometimes accompanied by ulnar deviation. Unlike rheumatoid arthritis (RA), there is no swelling and stiffness in ...
Nishimori Makoto - - 2004
We report two cases of mucoid degeneration of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Mucoid degeneration of the ACL is a very rare cause of knee pain. There have been only seven reported cases of mucoid degeneration of the ACL in the English literature. We reviewed previous reports and summarized clinical ...
Bourne Robert B - - 2004
The decision of whether to resurface the patella during total knee arthroplasty remains controversial. In this study, a meta-analysis of national joint replacement registry data, bilateral total knee replacement studies, selective resurfacing reports, and randomized clinical trials was done Although the evidence seems to support patellar resurfacing, this issue remains ...
Gaston Glenn - - 2004
We present a case of an immunocompromised host who developed a Candida glabrata infection 20 years after her total knee arthroplasty. She was treated with extensive irrigation and debridement, followed by placement of an amphotericin B cement spacer supplemented with 2 months of oral variconazole. She ultimately underwent an above-knee ...
Ridgeway Stephen - - 2004
Between December 1987 and January 2002, 25 cases of clinical instability following mobile-bearing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with meniscal bearings or rotating platforms presented for evaluation at our institution. These cases were retrospectively identified. All were performed at outside institutions by a variety of surgeons. All clinical examinations were performed ...
Akagi Masao - - 2004
Alumina-on-alumina bearings for total hip arthroplasty have been introduced as a promising alternative to reduce wear debris and to increase the life expectancy of the prosthesis. We report a case of a late dissociation of an alumina-on-alumina bearing modular acetabular component, which occurred 2 years, 8 months after surgery. Detailed ...
Diekerhof Carel H - - 2004
We report the dislocation of 6 liners out of the metal backing shells of Harris Galante II cementless total hip prostheses implanted between 1993 and 1996. The time between primary implantation and failure varied from 46 to 95 months. The dislocations were probably the result of suboptimal mechanical fixation of ...
Sharma Ravinder - - 2004
A unique case of Oropharyngeal leiomyosarcoma in a 32 years old male is presented with the review of literature The details of clinical, radiological, histopathological and operative findings are discussed The treatment of choice is complete tumor removal The patient was symptom free with no evidence of loco regional or ...
Tojyo Itaru - - 2004
Primary synovial osteochondromatosis (PSC) is a disease of unknown aetiology. It was reported recently that expression of fibroblast growth factor receptor-3 (FGFR-3) was observed specifically in PSC. We classified six cases of synovial osteochondromatosis (SC) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) into two types of SC, PSC (five cases) and secondary ...
Kayias Efstathios H - - 2004
Atraumatic retrosternal dislocation of the clavicle is an exceedingly rare event and three out of four previously reported cases lack any radiological evidence. We report the case of a 30-year-old male patient who presented an atraumatic retrosternal dislocation of the clavicle without a history of previous injury and underlying pathology. ...
Drosos G I - - 2004
We present a case of a patient with a simultaneous dislocation of the metacarpophalangeal (MP) and the carpometacarpal (CMC) joint of the thumb as an isolated injury, and we review the relevant literature. We found only three previous reports in the literature, two reports as an isolated injury and another ...
Aunoble S - - 2004
To date, only three cases of artificial disc prosthesis dislocation have been reported in the literature. We present in detail two additional cases of prosthesis dislocation and discuss the surgical interventions undertaken that resulted in a good clinical outcome in both patients.
Mohanty Rajesh - - 2004
Inverted papilloma of paranasal sinuses are rare disorders of fifth & sixth decade of life, have been characterised by their usually benign histologic features, their ability to grow rapidly with bone destruction, und their tendency to recur if not adequately treated. We hereby report such an uncommon case of Schneiderian ...
Choudhary R K - - 2004
Intra-articular dislocation of the patella is a rare clinical condition. Only forty-five cases have been reported. Most of them were encountered in adolescents and required an open reduction. We report two cases in an older age group with an incomplete rotation of the patella, which were successfully treated by closed ...
Gaudet Elmer L EL - - 2004
Chondroblastoma is a highly destructive tumor, derived from immature cartilage cells, typically occurring in epiphyses of the long bones of adolescents and young adults. Those occurring in the temporal bone and TMJ area are likely to mimic TMJ symptoms. This report describes a unique case in which a chondroblastoma resulted ...
Karray Maher - - 2004
The authors report a case of Fielding type II acute atlanto-axial rotatory fixation (AARF). The CT scan with coronal reconstruction showed an avulsion of the apical and right alar ligament. These findings are exceptionally reported in the literature, especially concerning the apical ligament which might be a stabiliser in flexion ...
Cornwall Roger - - 2004
Ganglions occur commonly in the wrist and arise from the radiocarpal and intercarpal joints. Although ganglions present commonly as masses on the dorsal or volar surface of the wrist, ganglions from wrist joints appear rarely at other locations in the hand. We report 2 cases of ganglions arising from wrist ...
Nishimura Masaaki - - 2004
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare proinflammatory cytokine levels between successful cases and unsuccessful cases of arthrocentesis in patients with internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study involved 73 joints judged as successful and 30 judged as unsuccessful of 103 joints in ...
Domingo Anna - - 2005
Tuberculous arthritis of the elbow joint is not commonly seen by orthopaedic physicians. In the past 20 years, with the pandemic of the human immunodeficiency virus and the increase in immunocompromised people, we have observed a resurgence of tuberculosis. Osteoarticular involvement has increased, too. Spinal and monoarthritis of weight-bearing joints ...
Van Ransbeeck Hilde - - 2004
The authors report a case of traumatic dislocation of both interphalangeal joints of the ring finger in a 29-year-old male patient, an injury sustained while playing soccer football. Reduction was achieved by closed manipulation, followed by splinting in the "intrinsic plus" position. The joints were stable but had not yet ...
Sugiura Kazumitsu - - 2004
We report the case of a child with unilateral linear scleroderma disturbing the right lower limb. It took three-quarters of a year to be diagnosed as linear scleroderma and another 8 months to be treated with oral steroids. Although functional disabilities of the right knee and foot were improved with ...
Raja Sabapathy S - - 2004
Seven cases of primary reconstruction of traumatic amputation of the thumb using the index finger are reported. In six cases, the reconstruction was done using an injured index finger, while in one case where the amputation of the thumb was through the carpometacarpal joint, an intact index finger was primarily ...
Baravarian Babak - - 2004
Fusion of the first metatarsocunieform (MC) joint allows for correction of the first metatarsal in three planes, including adduction, plantarflexion, and rotation. It also allows for decreased jamming of the great toe joint and increased medial column stability. As knowledge about other medial column procedures grows, fusion of the first ...
Kang Ho-Jung - - 2003
A 28-year-old man presented with a palmar divergent dislocation of the scaphoid and lunate. He was treated with an open reduction and an internal fixation with two Kirschner's wires after the 25th day of trauma due to a neurological injury. The results were satisfactory after 18 months follow up without ...
Kusayama Takeshi - - 2003
Osteonecrosis of the medial femoral condyle rarely appears after an arthroscopic meniscectomy. However, in such cases, MRI is very important for early diagnosis. Here, we report two cases of osteonecrosis, which were not found in a preoperative MRI examination, but were then diagnosed after meniscectomy. Although the etiology of osteonecrosis ...
Draaijers Lieneke J - - 2003
Complete disruption of the lunate from both dorsal and palmar ligamentous attachments caused by palmar dislocation has rarely been reported. The authors present two cases and discuss the surgical treatments performed. They conclude from these cases that the lunate is at risk for remaining avascular after such trauma, so that ...
Fujishiro Takaaki - - 2003
The most common types of tarsal coalition are talocalcaneal and calcaneonavicular coalition. This report presents a case of a patient with middle foot pain who was diagnosed as having first cuneometatarsal coalition.
Church Christopher A - - 2003
Pigmented villonodular synovitis is a benign but locally destructive disease that originates in the synovial membranes of the joints. It is a proliferative disorder of unknown etiology, and it is usually monarthric. Approximately 80% of cases involve the knee; the hip, ankle, foot, hand, elbow, and shoulder account for most ...
Suh Jeung-Tak - - 2003
Synovial hemangioma of a knee joint has been reported as a rare cause of pain, hemarthrosis, and intermittent locking. This case report describes our experience in excising intra-articular hemangioma of the knee joint. Complete resection, after arthroscopic examination, was performed in a 59-year-old man. Six months after the surgery, no ...
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