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Gutte Rameshwar Madhukarrao - - 2011
Multiple syringomas of the vulva are an unusal finding. We report a 42-year-old woman with a 2 year history of asymptomatic yellow papules on the vulva that were proven to be syringomas by histopathologic examination.
Waikhom Rajesh - - 2011
Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis is a fibrosing disorder of the skin that develops in patients with advanced renal failure. It mostly presents with progressive hardening or induration of the skin of the extremities. Systemic involvement is also known to occur in this entity. Exposure to gadolinium contrast for radiological evaluation has ...
Leite Tailce K M - - 2011
A current concern in genetic epidemiology studies in admixed populations is that population stratification can lead to spurious results. The Brazilian census classifies individuals according to self-reported "color", but several studies have demonstrated that stratifying according to "color" is not a useful strategy to control for population structure, due to ...
Al-Sbou Mohammed - - 2012
Alkaptonuria is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder characterized by a deficiency of homogentisate 1,2-dioxygenase (HGO) in the liver. This results in excretion of large quantities of homogentisic acid (HGA) (also called alkapton) in the urine and a slowly progressive deposition of homogentisic acid and its oxidative product in connective ...
Pasupathy Sanjay - - 2010
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis is one of the common diseases which affect the TMJ especially in children. We are reporting two rare cases of TMJ ankylosis which occurred along with poliomyelitis and which are not reported in literature so far. In this article, we discussed about the most probable causes ...
Arakeri Gururaj - - 2012
Many factors have been implicated in the development of bony ankylosis following trauma to the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) or ankylosis that recurs after surgical treatment for the condition. Although many reports have been published, to our knowledge very little has been written about the pathogenesis of the process and there ...
González-Pérez L M - - 2011
Synovial chondromatosis (SC) is a metaplastic disorder characterized by the formation of cartilaginous nodules inside the articular space. SC is uncommon in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). A few reports suggest a correlation between a traumatic episode and the development of SC. The authors describe the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of ...
Rajathi Maria - - 2010
Osteopetrosis is a descriptive term that refers to a group of rare, heritable disorders of the skeleton. Osteopetrotic conditions vary greatly in their presentation and severity, from just as an incidental finding on radiographs to causing life-threatening complications such as bone marrow suppression. It is caused by failure of osteoclast ...
Golmia Ricardo - - 2011
To describe a case of joint infection by Aspergillus fumigatus in a unusual site (sacroiliac) and perform a systematic review of such cases described in the literature. We performed a Medline search of the cases of fungal joint of Aspergillus fumigatus in the period ranging from 1970 to 2009. Following ...
Klaunick Götz - - 2010
We present a case of recurring dislocation of the proximal tibiofibular joint without trauma. This problem is rarely noted in the paediatric surgery literature and clinically frequently missed. Pathbreaking are anamnesis and accurate physical examination, argumentative are conventional radiography, CT and MRI. The Ogden classification describes four types of dislocations, ...
Antonopoulos P - - 2010
Lymphangiomatosis of the kidneys and perirenal-retroperitoneal tissues is a rare disease of unknown etiology. We present two cases affecting members of the same family, supporting the familial nature of the disease. The natural history and related urological and systematic complications of the disease during a long-term follow-up are highlighted, while ...
Bhattacharyya Indraneel - - 2010
Gout is a common metabolic disorder that leads to elevated serum uric acid levels and deposition of urate crystals in tissues, leading to conditions such as arthritis and neuropathy. Although the prevalence of gout has been increasing during the past two decades, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvement is rare, with only ...
Turki Hussein W - - 2011
Dislocation of the rotator platform in mobile-bearing total knee arthroplasty is a well-documented, albeit uncommon, phenomenon. A review of the literature has revealed multiple case reports describing spin out to 90° or complete extrusion of the polyethylene component. Closed reduction may be attempted in the acute presentation followed by revision ...
Siebenlist S - - 2010
Regarding skating injuries, isolated cases of closed elbow dislocations are reported only for children or teenage patients. Due to the anatomic proximity of neurovascular structures, elbow dislocations run the risk of concomitant injury, but its occurrence remains very rare. We describe the case of an advanced mature in-line skater with ...
West Bryan Christopher - - 2010
This case report reviews the presentation and treatment of a 68-year-old diabetic woman with severe hallux abducto valgus deformity and progressively worsening pain and joint stiffness. The patient had a history of two distinct episodes of postoperative deep venous thrombosis and was deemed inappropriate for cast immobilization. The Arthrex Mini ...
Escoda-Francolí Jaume - - 2010
Hyaluronic acid (HA) is found in high concentrations in cartilage and synovial fluid, and is an important component of the extracellular matrixes-exerting joint lubrication and buffering actions thanks to its viscoelastic properties. The present study examines the scientific evidence found in the current literature on the usefulness of the intraarticular ...
Shu Beatrice B Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University, 450 Broadway, M/C 6342, Redwood City, CA 94063, - - 2011
Treatment of painful internal snapping hip (coxa saltans) via arthroscopic lengthening or release of the iliopsoas tendon is becoming preferred over open techniques because of the benefits of minimal dissection, the ability to address concomitant intraarticular disorders, and a low complication rate. Persistent snapping after release is uncommon, especially when ...
Karaindros Konstantinos - - 2010
We report a case of a lateral type A (according to Myerson) Lisfranc dislocation irreducible by closed manipulation. Upon surgical exploration the lateral slip of the tibialis anterior tendon was found trapped between the medial and the middle cuneiform. Once the tendon was reduced, the dislocated first ray spontaneously reverted ...
Toker S - - 2010
The aim of this study was to show that simple criteria like Beighton and Brighton criteria are sufficient to determine a diagnosis of hypermobility and may be useful prior to performing excessive diagnostic studies on children with variable joint pain and limited range of motion. Additionally, this study underlines how ...
C?rdoba-Fern?ndez Antonio - - 2010
Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposition disease has various clinical features, and pseudogout is one of the six clinical forms. Chondrocalcinosis is the term used to describe the radiographic appearance of the disease. A review of the literature revealed that the appearance of this type of arthropathy in the foot is ...
Simon Dave - - 2010
Intra-articular incarceration of the median nerve after closed reduction of an elbow dislocation is a rare and potentially devastating complication. We report the case of a 4-year-old boy who had an entrapment of the median nerve after spontaneous reduction of a posterior dislocation. All the cases previously reported in the ...
Körver R J P - - 2010
Juxta-articular myxoma (JAM) is a relatively rare variant of myxoma that occurs in the vicinity of large joints. It is composed of fibroblast-like cells that produce an excessive amount of glycosaminoglycans rich in hyaluronic acid. The peak incidence is between the 3rd and 5th decades of life. In this report ...
Kang Shin-Taek - - 2010
Lateral sided snapping elbow is an unusual condition, and it is apt to be misdiagnosed as lateral epicondylitis. The causes of lateral sided snapping elbow have been attributed to intraarticular loose bodies, instability, synovial plicae and torn annular ligament. We report our experiences for treating lateral sided snapping elbow caused ...
Viens Nicholas A - - 2010
Neuropathic arthropathy is characterized by rapidly progressive bone destruction in the setting of impaired nociceptive and proprioceptive innervation to the involved joint. It is seen most commonly in the foot and ankle, secondary to peripheral neuropathy in patients with diabetes mellitus. Other less common sites of involvement may include the ...
Muraoka Shizuka - - 2010
We report a rare case of open dorsal dislocation of the proximal interphalangeal joint which needed operative reduction. A 39-year-old man injured his right middle finger while playing baseball. There was a laceration on the proximal interphalangeal crease, and the condyles of the proximal phalanx protruded through the wound. The ...
Spinner Robert J - - 2010
OBJECT: Juxtafacet cysts (JFCs) in usual locations have recently been shown to have joint connections. The pathogenesis of JFCs in unusual locations has remained obscure. The authors hypothesize that all JFCs, including atypical ones, are joint derived. METHODS: In this study the authors sought to explain the occurrence and formation ...
Pimenta e Souza Denis - - 2010
Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a rare lesion characterized by the presence of loose bodies in the glenoid fossa. Swelling, unilateral pain, occlusal changes, clicking, crepitation, deviation, and limited mandibular function are the most common characteristics, although this combination is not always apparent. Radiopacities of the TMJ ...
Moody Patricia - - 2010
Primary synovial chondromatosis is an uncommon, benign entity involving the synovial lining of larger joints. In this metaplastic process, islands of chondrocytes are clustered throughout the synovium, forming nodules that jut into the joint cavity. Clinical manifestations include pain, swelling, and decreased range of motion of associated extremities. Synovial chondromatosis ...
Aasi Sumaira Z - - 2010
A Z-plasty is a critical and reliable technique that is useful for scar revisions and correction of free margin distortion. A Z-plasty can help lengthen a contracted scar, change the direction of a scar so that it is better aligned with the relaxed skin tension lines, or interrupt and break ...
Lemster Natalya - - 2010
Pityriasis rosea is an acute, self-limited papulosquamous dermatosis of the trunk and extremities. Many atypical forms of the disease have been reported in the literature [Ahmed et al.: Clin Exp Dermatol 2000;25:624-626; Imamura et al.: Dermatologica 1985;171:474-477]. It is rare to find pityriasis rosea in multiple family members (within a ...
Balasundaram Ashok - - 2009
Synovial chondromatosis is a rare, benign condition that usually affects the larger diarthroidal joints of the axial skeleton. Approximately 120 cases of synovial chondromatosis involving the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) have been reported. People with this condition may present with swelling, pain, intracapsular sounds and limitation of mandibular movement. Because it ...
Vasconcelos Belmiro-Cavalcanti do Egito - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocation is defined as an excessive forward movement of the condyle beyond the articular eminence, with complete separation of the articular surfaces and fixation in that position. OBJECTIVES: To report ten cases treated by eminectomy for chronic mandibular dislocations, to evaluate the results of these surgeries ...
Reddy Nalini N NN The Metabolic Clinic in Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, Hosur Road, Bangalore 560029, Karnataka, - - 2009
Patients with psychiatric illness have higher rates of mortality and medical co-morbidity related to increased rates of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Rimonabant, a cannabinoid receptor (CB1) antagonist, is an anti-obesity agent and decreases risk for metabolic syndrome. Though there are reports of rimonabant associated with adverse psychiatric events like ...
Tutun Sule - - 2011
Synovial chondromatosis (SC) is a rarely encountered benign disease of unknown etiology characterized by multiple joint mouse, as well as metaplastic cartilage points in the joint, bursa and tendon sheaths. Although single joint involvement is frequently encountered, multiple joint involvements may also occur. In this study, two patients with SC ...
Vasconcelos B C - - 2010
Dislocation of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) represents 3% of all reported dislocated joints. Traditionally, dislocation of the TMJ occurs when the mandibular condyle is displaced anteriorly beyond the articular eminence. Traumatic dislocation of the condyle into the middle cranial fossa is well defined in the literature, but posterior dislocation without ...
Van Opstal Nick - - 2009
Total talar dislocation is a rare injury, which is usually open and with associated fractures. We report two cases of open anterolateral talar extrusions following high-energy traffic accidents. Both were treated with wound debridement, joint irrigation, closed reduction and external fixation. At 12 months follow-up, both patients had pain-free motion ...
Pandey Vivek - - 2010
Ring meniscus is a known but rare abnormal variant of a meniscus. An incomplete discoid meniscus or an old bucket handle tear of a meniscus can be easily mistaken for a ring meniscus. In this case; during the first arthroscopy, the ring lateral meniscus was mistaken for an incomplete discoid ...
Kent M - - 2010
Synovial plicae around the knee are a relatively common occurrence but one that is rarely responsible for symptoms. The Plica syndrome has been well described but controversy still exists regarding its diagnosis and treatment. We have reviewed and studied the published literature both past and present in detail regarding synovial ...
Clarke Sylvan E - - 2010
Dislocation of the either the trapezium or the trapezoid are both rare injuries, even among carpal dislocations. We report a case of combined volar trapezium dislocation and dorsal trapezoid dislocation with other concomitant injuries. A review of the literature regarding trapezium and trapezoid dislocations as well as the treatment of ...
Faroug Radwane - - 2009
We present two cases of infected primary total hip replacements (THR) where only one of the two components exhibited loosening. Both were revised using a two stage, one component revision technique, replacing the loose component only. In the first case the acetabular component was revised leaving the original femoral stem ...
Rao Roopa Shamsundar - - 2009
Lipoid proteinosis is a rare disorder with autosomal recessive inheritance, characterized by progressive deposition of hyaline material in the skin, mucous membrane, and different organs of the body, resulting in a multitude of clinical manifestations. A 62-year-old male presented with hoarseness of voice since infancy, eyelid beading, and generalized acneiform ...
Gulati Ajay - - 2009
Bifid mandibular condyle is an uncommon entity with a controversial etiology. It can be developmental or acquired and rarely may be associated with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis. Although the patient may be asymptomatic, the radiologist should be aware of this entity and its clinical implications. We report two cases of ...
Qin De-An - - 2009
Post-traumatic complex regional pain syndrome type 1 (CRPS1) is uncommon and can cause the disability of patients. Complex dislocation of the metacarpophalangeal joint on the little finger due to interposition of the sesamoid bone is rare and was firstly reported by Pribyl.1 We reported a rare case of CRPS1 after ...
Toker S - - 2009
The aim of this study was to show that simple criteria like Beighton and Brighton criteria are sufficient to determine a diagnosis of hypermobility and may be useful prior to performing excessive diagnostic studies on children with variable joint pain and limited range of motion. Additionally, this study underlines how ...
Sayed-Noor Arkan S - - 2010
We present a case of severe metallosis after total elbow arthroplasty in a female patient presenting with manifestations resembling a septic loosening. We discuss the clinical and the operative findings as well as the outcome of this uncommon complication. A review of the literature regarding the pathogenesis, radiographic appearance, and ...
Wible Brandt C - - 2009
Lymphatic malformations of the femur are rare benign conditions, with few published reports in the literature. Herein is presented an ambulatory 19-year-old male subject with a painful lymphatic malformation of the distal femur characterized by a serpiginous intraosseous and extraosseous extent. Laboratory and physical examination were unremarkable except for a ...
Herman C R - - 2009
Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a benign, yet locally aggressive proliferative lesion most commonly found in joints of the long bones; it rarely presents in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). The authors report a case of PVNS involving the TMJ and review similar cases reported in the English literature. This is ...
Okoro T - - 2009
Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a locally aggressive synovial proliferative disorder of unknown aetiology affecting the linings of joints, tendon sheaths, and bursae. A 22-year-old female patient presented with a 3-year history of an increasingly painful swelling on the dorsum of her right foot. Examination revealed a 4 cm x ...
Khan Z - - 2010
Synovial osteochondromatosis is a rare condition, found mainly in larger joints, where as it is particularly rarer in small joints especially the metatarsophalangeal joint. We report the case of a 45-year-old man with primary synovial osteochondromatosis in the first metatarsophalangeal joint. Following surgical intervention, the diagnosis was confirmed with histological ...
Geurts Ghislain F A E - - 2009
We present the case of a 53-year-old male patient who presented with recurrent posttraumatic posterior hip dislocations, Epstein-Thompson type 1. No specific abnormality or pre-existing pathology was found. After closed reduction and rapid mobilization the patient was discharged from our institution. Although he had sustained six dislocations of his right ...
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