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Huang Wen-Bin - - 2012
Intracranial germinomas are malignant neoplasms of gonadal origin, which have some features in terms of age, sex, and clinical manifestations. They mainly occur in children and adolescents. Patients with intracranial germinomas mainly manifest with hypothalamic pituitary axis dysfunction and/or compression syndromes. Visual disturbance is one of the most significant clinical ...
Kapata Nathan - - 2012
Objective  To document leprosy trends in Zambia over the past two decades to ascertain the importance of leprosy as a health problem in Zambia. Methods  Retrospective study covering the period 1991-2009 of routine national leprosy surveillance data, published national programme review reports and desk reviews of in-country TB reports. Results  ...
Ong Kanyin L - - 2012
Postdiarrheal hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is the most common cause of acute kidney failure among US children. The Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) conducts population-based surveillance of pediatric HUS to measure the incidence of disease and to validate surveillance trends in associated Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157 infection. ...
Kumar Suresh - - 2012
Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RSTS) is a rare congenital neurodevelopmental disorder, characterized by postnatal growth deficiency, typical dysmorphic features, broad thumbs and toes, and mental retardation. Very few cases are reported in literature from developing countries. Diagnosis is often delayed due to non-familiarity with the characteristic features of this syndrome. To report ...
Saha Debasish - - 2012
Subdural hematoma is a rare but serious complication following electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), a frequently used treatment modality in the management of various psychiatric morbidities including bipolar affective disorder (BAD). There are very few reports of intracranial bleeding following ECT in the literature. A 38-year-old female, known case of BAD for ...
Sobanko Joseph F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Practitioners are increasingly using topical anesthetics to decrease the pain associated with superficial dermatologic, aesthetic, and laser procedures. Numerous lidocaine-containing products are available, but comprehensive reviews are lacking regarding their relative safety profiles and appropriate dermatologic uses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature review of currently available topical anesthetics, their ...
Casadei Riccardo - - 2012
Mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN) of the pancreas usually affects female patients and is characterized by an ovarian-type stroma. From literature review, only 9 cases of MCNs have been reported in male patients. We describe the 10th case of a MCN in a 65-year-old male patient who underwent a distal pancreatectomy ...
Kircher Jacqueline N - - 2012
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a complex psychiatric disorder that can have devastating cardiovascular complications. Its lesser-known association with pericardial effusion has been recently described in the literature. We present the case of a 45 year-old female who presented with a recurrent small bowel obstruction requiring lysis of adhesions and who ...
Narasimha Aparna - - 2012
Metastases to the skin from internal tumors are uncommon, yet they may be the first presentation of such malignancies. They usually arise from the breast, lung and large bowel. Cutaneous metastases from gastric adenocarcinoma are extremely rare. We report a case of gastric adenocarcinoma that at presentation had multiple clinically ...
Cooper Jeffrey - - 2012
Convergence insufficiency is a common binocular vision disorder affecting approximately 5% of the population in the United States. It is often associated with a host of symptoms that occur when doing near work, such as reading and computer viewing. This article reviews the existing literature on convergence insufficiency including etiology, ...
Abd Elwahab Sami Medani - - 2012
Somatoform disorders (SD) or medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS) are a group of disorders that represent a group of symptoms that cannot be explained by an organic or physical pathology. These disorders are widely prevalent, and, if unrecognised, SD may lead medical professionals to embark on tests or procedures which ...
Bipeta Rajshekhar - - 2012
Background. Delirious mania (DM) as a clinical entity is well described, yet is often unrecognized in clinical practice. While most often misdiagnosed as acute psychotic episodes of organic delirium, these patients meet the criteria for mania with attendant delirium and pose therapeutic challenges. In addition to the case presentation, this ...
Buikema Kathryn E - - 2012
Calcification or ossification of the auricle, also referred to as petrified ear, is a rare diagnosis in dermatology. In medical literature, it has most often been attributed to trauma, hypothermia and frostbite, or hypercalcemia secondary to a metabolic or endocrine disorder, such as Addison's disease. Here, we report the clinical ...
Jones A Kyle - - 2012
Part II of this review article presents four case studies for which peak skin doses are calculated following the methods outlined in Part I of this review. The data available in the cases ranges from proprietary dose reports to fluoroscopy time and number of digital acquisition frames only. Flowcharts are ...
Kulkarni Ranganath R - - 2012
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is commonly used in the management of medication nonresponsive depressive disorder, with proven efficacy in psychiatric practice since many decades. A rare complication of intracranial bleed following this therapeutic procedure has been reported in sporadic case reports in the English literature. We report a case of such ...
Adebayo Kazeem Olaide - - 2012
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) has been described widely in the Western world as relatively common yet under-recognized, but rarely in Africans and none in Nigeria to the best of our knowledge. To report a case of BDD in a Nigerian boy presenting with depression to the psychiatric unit of a ...
Cardoso Francisco - - 2012
Hyperkinesias are heterogeneous conditions that share the feature of production of involuntary, abnormal, excessive movements. Tremor, dystonia, and chorea are amongst the most common of these phenomena. In this focused review there is a discussion of difficult issues in hyperkinesias. The first one is the differential diagnosis between essential tremor ...
Johnson Wilbur W - - 2011
Cyclomethicone (mixture) and the specific chain length cyclic siloxanes (n = 4-7) reviewed in this safety assessment are cyclic dimethyl polysiloxane compounds. These ingredients have the skin/hair conditioning agent function in common. Minimal percutaneous absorption was associated with these ingredients and the available data do not suggest skin irritation or ...
Santoro Frank A - - 2011
Interactions with ultraviolet radiation (UVR) and chromophores in the skin happen on a daily basis. Photodermatoses, which are abnormal responses to UV exposure, can be classified into subgroups based on pathogenesis. This review will discuss the clinical features, pathogenesis, photobiologic evaluation, prognosis and therapies of the most common photodermatoses.
Lange M - - 2011
Background  Diffuse cutaneous mastocytosis (DCM) is an extremely rare disease characterized by mast cell (MCs) infiltration of the entire skin. Little is known about the natural course of DCM. Objectives  We decided to characterize clinical manifestations, the frequency of MCs mediator-related symptoms and anaphylaxis, risk of systemic mastocytosis (SM) and ...
Ramírez Julio - - 2012
Therapy with TNF blockers may induce cutaneous adverse events, but the development of morphea, a localized scleroderma lesion, is extremely infrequent. We describe a 37-year-old man with ankylosing spondylitis treated with adalimumab who developed morphea lesions in the lower limbs after 12 months of treatment. Adalimumab was discontinued, which resulted in ...
Ching Jessica A - - 2011
This represents the largest case of skin necrosis related to levamisole, a common cocaine contaminant, requiring closure with skin grafts, and is the only case resulting in nasal amputation, central upper lip excision, extremity bone necrosis, and above knee amputation. The case report is followed by a review of the ...
Rashid Kumar A - - 2011
We report a case of proximal hypospadias with an absent urethral plate having intact ventral shaft skin with hooded dorsal prepuce and a good glans groove. Such a variant of hypospadias has not been reported in the literature.
Lee Hyun-Jae - - 2011
Hidradenoma papilliferum is a rare benign neoplasm that usually occurs in the female anogenital area. We present a 43-year-old female with a non-anogenital (ectopic) hidradenoma papilliferum on her nose. The patient had had a skin-colored subcutaneous nodule on her nose for 7 years. The histopathological findings showed variously shaped cystic ...
Perrin Bridget S - - 2011
  We report a case of febrile ulceronecrotic Mucha-Habermann disease (FUMHD) in a 34-month-old boy. Our patient had a history of biopsy-proven pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta (PLEVA) since age 2. At 34 months, his skin lesions rapidly progressed to ulceration and necrosis in the setting of high fever. Skin biopsy ...
Batalla Ana - - 2011
Localized bullous pemphigoid occurs in less than one-third of the cases of bullous pemphigoid and it usually appears on the shins. Localized bullous pemphigoid around a stoma site is very uncommon, with few reports in the literature. We report a case of localized bullous pemphigoid at urostomy site and we ...
Sharma Dhrubajyoti - - 2011
Polymyositis is uncommon in childhood. Unlike dermatomyositis, which is common in pediatric age group, skin involvement is lacking in polymyositis. We report an 8-year-old boy who presented with anasarca as the initial complaint. This presentation has been rarely reported before in the pediatric literature.
Blackmon Joseph A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The primary hyperoxalurias are a group of rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorders associated with abnormal overproduction of serum oxalate and subsequent deposition in tissue. Most patients present at an early age with recurrent urolithiasis and renal failure. Vascular deposition of oxalate-producing skin manifestations, such as livedo reticularis, acrocyanosis, peripheral ...
Aguayo-Leiva Ingrid - - 2011
We report an infant who had a combination of two rather common nevoid skin conditions, namely "telangiectatic nevus" or "capillary malformation", and "hyperpigmented mosaicism" or "segmental pigmentary disorder" in close apposition, occupying large areas of the body in a mosaic distribution. This association may be considered a further example of ...
Lazar Meredith A - - 2011
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis is a common adolescent hip disorder and when patients present at an age younger than 10 years, it is atypical and there is often some identifiable associated metabolic or endocrinologic abnormality. We present the case of a 5-year-old boy with idiopathic bilateral slipped capital femoral epiphysis. ...
Valgas Nanashara - - 2011
Elaioconiosis is a work-related acneiform dermatosis which affects the exposed skin of individuals working with oils or greases. Its incidence has decreased with the introduction of personal protective equipment, personal hygiene measures and the cleaning of work clothes. Although not a rare disease, elaioconiosis is seldom reported in the literature, ...
Ramkumar Hema L - - 2011
Xeroderma pigmentosum is a rare, autosomal recessive disease caused by a defect in DNA repair. Patients with xeroderma pigmentosum often have cutaneous and ocular sun sensitivity, freckle-like skin pigmentation, multiple skin and eye cancers, and, in some patients, progressive neurodegeneration. Xeroderma pigmentosum predominantly affects the ultraviolet (UV) exposed ocular surface, ...
Köse O - - 2011
Background  Peeling skin diseases (PSD) refer to a group of rare autosomal recessive dermatosis which are characterized by spontaneous, continual peeling of the skin. Three different clinical pictures can be distinguished: Inflammatory PSD also referred to as peeling skin syndrome (PSS) type B, non-inflammatory PSD also referred to as PSS ...
Crandall Michael - - 2011
Pyogenic granulomas are common benign skin growths often present at sites of trauma. They can be difficult to treat in austere environments. A case report of a pyogenic granuloma in an austere environment has not previously been published. We submit this work to describe a case of a pyogenic granuloma ...
Tawfik A M - - 2011
Microcystic adnexal carcinoma of the skin is a very rare malignant tumour arising from the sweat glands. As far as we know, the MRI features of this tumour have not been described in the literature before. In this report we present the MRI features and pathological description of a case ...
Au Alexander F - - 2011
A case report of coumadin-induced skin necrosis (CISN) is presented, followed by a topic review of CISN, which reviews presentation, pathophysiology, differential diagnosis, prevention, and management of this disorder. The prevalence of CISN is low (0.01%-0.1% of patients receiving coumadin). However, of those affected, over 50% required some form of ...
Park H Y - - 2011
Xanthoma disseminatum (XD) is a rare and potentially progressive non-Langerhans-cell histiocytosis. To date, a few cases of XD with spontaneous complete resolution have been described. The present report describes a 16-year-old girl who presented with yellow to red-brown papules and nodules on her eyelids, cheeks, axillae, back and buttocks. Indirect ...
Peterlin Pierre - - 2011
Cutaneous lesions are unusual during the course of multiple myeloma. In rare cases, multiple myeloma may be associated to skin involvement secondary to amyloidosis, cryoglobulinemia, and POEMS syndrome. Paraneoplastic skin involvement occurs preferentially during solid neoplasms. We report the case of an uncommon presentation of an IgA lambda multiple myeloma ...
Okten Rıza S - - 2011
The median arcuate ligament is a tendinous arch joining the two medial borders of the diaphragm crura together. In 13-50% of asymptomatic subjects it is responsible for significant angiographic celiac trunk compression. The significance of median arcuate ligament-associated celiac artery compression has been a source of some controversy in the ...
Seiler F Arran - - 2011
Essential tremor is rare in children, particularly in the absence of a significant family history. We report the case of a child with compensated hydrocephalus secondary to aqueductal stenosis whose sole presenting symptom was tremor. An otherwise healthy 6-year-old male developed a fine hand tremor, which over the course of ...
Madhavi R - - 2011
This checklist summarises information on the digenean trematodes of Indian marine fishes contained in the world literature dating from 1913 to the end of 2008. Altogether more than 700 species of digeneans belonging to more than 200 genera and 32 families are recorded. For each parasite species information is provided ...
Podjasek Joshua O - - 2011
We present an 18-year-old girl with progressively worsening hair thinning and loss since puberty. Her clinical history, physical examination, and pathology results were consistent with Marie-Unna hereditary hypotrichosis, a rare cause of autosomal dominant hereditary hair loss. She had no family history of similar hair loss and represents the first ...
Kyamidis Kyriakos - - 2011
Endometriosis (i.e., the presence of functional endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity) may rarely affect the skin either spontaneously or secondary to abdomino-pelvic surgery. Spontaneous cutaneous endometriosis appears most commonly on the umbilicus (Villar nodule) and manifests with a red-brown nodule that characteristically shows cyclic variations (tenderness or bleeding) with ...
Morishita Kimberly A - - 2011
Takayasu arteritis (TA) is a rare chronic inflammatory disease of the aorta and its major branches. It is seen predominantly in females during the second and third decades of life, although it can occur in childhood. The aetiology of TA remains unknown. To date, familial cases of TA have been ...
Gutte Rameshwar Madhukarrao - - 2011
Multiple syringomas of the vulva are an unusal finding. We report a 42-year-old woman with a 2 year history of asymptomatic yellow papules on the vulva that were proven to be syringomas by histopathologic examination.
Waikhom Rajesh - - 2011
Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis is a fibrosing disorder of the skin that develops in patients with advanced renal failure. It mostly presents with progressive hardening or induration of the skin of the extremities. Systemic involvement is also known to occur in this entity. Exposure to gadolinium contrast for radiological evaluation has ...
Leite Tailce K M - - 2011
A current concern in genetic epidemiology studies in admixed populations is that population stratification can lead to spurious results. The Brazilian census classifies individuals according to self-reported "color", but several studies have demonstrated that stratifying according to "color" is not a useful strategy to control for population structure, due to ...
Al-Sbou Mohammed - - 2012
Alkaptonuria is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder characterized by a deficiency of homogentisate 1,2-dioxygenase (HGO) in the liver. This results in excretion of large quantities of homogentisic acid (HGA) (also called alkapton) in the urine and a slowly progressive deposition of homogentisic acid and its oxidative product in connective ...
Pasupathy Sanjay - - 2010
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis is one of the common diseases which affect the TMJ especially in children. We are reporting two rare cases of TMJ ankylosis which occurred along with poliomyelitis and which are not reported in literature so far. In this article, we discussed about the most probable causes ...
Arakeri Gururaj - - 2012
Many factors have been implicated in the development of bony ankylosis following trauma to the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) or ankylosis that recurs after surgical treatment for the condition. Although many reports have been published, to our knowledge very little has been written about the pathogenesis of the process and there ...
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