Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 774
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Dunkerton M C - - 1989
Four cases of posterior dislocation of the shoulder at birth in association with obstetric brachial plexus palsy are presented. Review of the literature suggests that this association is not generally recognised. All cases were diagnosed late; two were treated by open reduction, one by humeral osteotomy and one managed conservatively.
Nishiyama K - - 1989
We studied 50 hips in 46 patients with slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). Seven patients with acute cases were treated by closed reduction with excellent results and without any known complication. The cases in the remaining 39 patients were of the chronic type. The method of treatment was determined according ...
Gusenbauer A W - - 1989
Synovial chondromatosis is an uncommon benign condition in which chondroid bodies are formed within the joint spaces. As calcification of these joint bodies progresses, the radiographic appearance may mimic that seen in other more common pathologic processes including degenerative joint disease. This report describes the clinical and histopathological findings in ...
Delitto A - - 1989
Rehabilitation of the athlete with an injured knee is covered. The focus of this article is on identifying, measuring, and treating disorders commonly associated with an injured knee. If available, literature is reviewed that supports approaches suggested. If literature is not available, the authors attempt to justify suggested protocols with ...
Taylor P W - - 1989
Two cases of inflammation of the deep infrapatellar bursa of the knee are reported. The first represents the fifth case of infection of the deep infrapatellar bursa that has been reported, and the second represents the first report of gout in the deep infrapatellar bursa. The cases are discussed with ...
Savić D - - 1989
The authors investigated the relations between the mastoid segment of the facial canal and the temporomandibular joint, the posterior wall of the cavum tympani and the external wall of the mastoid process in 19 cases with congenital ear malformations and 10 cases with normal ears. A significantly reduced distance was ...
Mancini G B - - 1989
The results of 39 resections of the radial capitellum reviewed after an average of 12 years were excellent or good in 59% of the cases and fair or poor in 41%. The results were better in isolated fractures of the capitellum (excellent or good, 71%) compared with those with associated ...
Van Huffel X - - 1989
Chronic septic carpitis in 72 calves and adult cattle was treated by arthrodesis of the carpus (n = 24), proximal or distal carpal row resection with arthrodesis (n = 31), or resection of both the proximal and distal carpal bones and radio-metacarpal arthrodesis (n = 17). Painfree arthrodesis permitting full ...
Milunsky J M - - 1989
Here we report on three patients with dup (7p) and review the previously published 17 cases. Characteristic manifestations include severe/profound psychomotor retardation, dolichocephaly or microbrachycephaly, gaping fontanels and wide sagittal and metopic sutures, hypertelorism, large apparently low-set ears, micrognathia, choanal atresia/stenosis, hyperextensible joints subject to dislocation, joint contractures, and a ...
Thomsen S - - 1989
Radiocarpal dislocation, with or without damage to the radial styloid process or to the distal radial rim, is extremely rare. Review of the literature reveals much confusion on the proper classification of radiocarpal dislocations or fracture-dislocations. A case of radiocarpal dislocation is reported, the classification is discussed, and a critical ...
Kabuubi J B - - 1989
A patient who presented with recurrent bilateral knee effusions was found to have positive serum syphilis serology. She was treated with oral erythromycin to a total of 40 grams and intra-articular injection of steroids in the right knee joint. Late congenital syphilitic arthritis is discussed with a review of the ...
Razook S J - - 1989
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) function and dysfunction in infants and children are poorly understood. Some reports of dysfunction in children and adolescents have appeared in the literature; however, no contemporary reports of TMJ dysfunction in infants have been published. Here we describe three cases of TMJ noises that may represent an ...
Doyle J R - - 1989
We have diagnosed and treated three patients with complete rupture of the radial collateral ligament of the metacarpo-phalangeal joint of the index finger. Rupture of the radial collateral ligament of the metacarpo-phalangeal joint occurs most commonly in the little finger and has not previously been reported in the index finger. ...
Beaty J H - - 1989
Recurrent dislocation of the hip is uncommon in children, and anterior dislocation, as in the case reported, is extremely rare. Terminology is often confusing, with "recurrent," "voluntary," and "habitual" dislocations described. The causative pathology of the dislocation must be determined before appropriate treatment can be selected; computed tomography can be ...
To E W - - 1989
A case of supero-lateral dislocation of the mandibular condyle into the temporal fossa is reported. The condyle was concurrently fractured antero-posteriorly forming a bifid mandibular condyle. The previously reported cases of supero-lateral dislocations into the temporal fossa are discussed and the literature of bifid condyle is reviewed.
Frich L H - - 1989
Fourteen hip arthroscopies between January 1985 and May 1988 were reviewed. Included were ten women and four men with an age ranging from 12 to 76 years. Indications were avascular necrosis; loose bodies; osteoarthrosis, arthritis, or pain; and snapping hip. The diagnosis was verified in five cases, including arthroscopic removal ...
Langer L O LO - - 1989
Two siblings with a short-limb dwarfing condition which we call acromesomelic dysplasia, Hunter-Thompson type are reported. Abnormalities are limited to the limbs and limb joints in this severe form of dwarfism. The middle and distal segments of the limbs are most affected. The lower limbs are more affected than the ...
el-Massry M A - - 1989
A case report of a female patient presenting with a painless lump related to the right temporomandibular joint is described. The swelling was surgically excised and the histopathological examination of the specimen showed a very clear resemblance to a ganglion of the synovial membrane. The literature of this rare entity ...
Neal C - - 1989
A proportion of superficial capillaries in joint synovium are known to be fenestrated. The specialized functions of these fenestrated capillaries are unknown. We report the finding of fenestrae in tenosynovial capillaries from rabbit peroneal tendon sheaths. Fenestrations occupied 0.66% of the endothelial surface. Fenestrated capillaries appear to be a general ...
Wroblewski B M - - 1989
Damage to the rim of the aperture of the socket in a Charnley low friction arthroplasty may be associated with recurrent subluxation or persistent dislocation of the femoral component. Impingement of the neck of the prosthesis against the socket or cement is the cause of this complication. The damage to ...
Zulian M A - - 1989
Two cases of synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint are reported. This condition is rare but benign, with only 36 cases reported in the literature to date. Symptoms include tenderness, swelling, and limited range of motion, with deviation to the affected side. Diagnosis is made both from the clinical presentation ...
Brody A S - - 1989
Computed arthrotomography was compared with conventional arthrography in ten cases and with both pluridirectional arthrotomography and conventional arthrography in five cases. Six elbows, five hips, three ankles, and one wrist were examined. Indications included pain, locking, congenital hip dislocation, posttraumatic joint deformity, and postinfectious joint deformity. Compared with conventional arthrography, ...
Hindley C J - - 1989
A dislocation of both interphalangeal joints in a single finger is a rare injury. Although there have been some reports in the English-language literature of such injuries (4, 6, 7, 12) and one report of a double dislocation in the thumb (3), we found no published case studies of triple ...
Forssell K - - 1988
An illustrative case of synovial chondromatosis in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) region is presented, and 36 cases reported earlier are reviewed. The present patient, a 35-year-old woman, had been suffering from swelling and pain in the TMJ area as well as limited mandibular movements for 7 years. The condition had ...
Southworth S R - - 1988
Traumatic sternoclavicular joint dislocations are uncommon and posterior dislocations are rare; however, reports in the orthopaedic literature focus predominantly on retrosternal dislocations owing to their potentially dangerous sequelae. We report a case of asymptomatic complete innominate vein obstruction secondary to retromanubrial dislocation of the sternoclavicular joint with restoration of flow ...
Ambrosia J M - - 1988
A case report and review of the English literature on the simultaneous dorsal dislocation of the interphalangeal joints of the finger are presented. This injury usually occurs on the ulnar side of the hand of young male athletes. It is easily reduced by a closed technique, although slight limitation of ...
Davidson R G - - 1988
In 1984, the Committee on Sports Medicine of the American Academy of Pediatrics published in this journal a statement on the remarkably high incidence of atlantoaxial instability among individuals with Down syndrome. On the assumption that this instability, demonstrable through a specified series of lateral x-ray films of the neck, ...
Wee J T - - 1988
A case of simultaneous dislocations of the interphalangeal and carpometacarpal joints of the thumb after a fall is described. We believe this is a unique situation not reported before in the literature. The results of operative intervention of the open IP joint and closed CMC joint dislocations resulted in a ...
Hodgson P - - 1988
A case of arthrogryposis multiplex congenita involving the temporomandibular joint is reported. This is only the second reported case in which surgery was used in an attempt to alleviate the limited mandibular opening that may be associated with this uncommon condition. The clinical findings at the time of surgery differed ...
Kent S E - - 1988
In a review of 1000 consecutive neonates of all races, nasal septal deformity was identified in 29, an incident of 2.9%; significantly fewer cases were found in negroid babies (0.1 greater than P greater than 0.05). Ten cases (35%) underwent manipulation of the deviated septum. Six-monthly review revealed that symptoms ...
Boll P G - - 1988
The purpose of this paper is to offer the oral and maxillofacial surgeon a collaborative approach to the treatment of complex temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction. Through a positive relationship with a family therapist, the oral and maxillofacial surgeon in this case reports family therapy intervention as an additive solution to ...
Nishioka G J - - 1988
Hemarthrosis of extremity joints in patients with hemophilia has been well documented. However, hemarthrosis of the temporomandibular joint in patients with coagulopathies appears to be rare. Consequently, management of a temporomandibular joint hemarthrosis is difficult because of the lack of treatment guidelines. The purpose of this article is to review ...
Carter S R - - 1988
The radiographic appearances are reported of chronic stress to the wrist joints of eight adolescent males, seven gymnasts and one roller skater. These consist of bilateral, asymmetrical widening and irregularity of the distal radial growth plates with an ill-defined cystic appearance, sclerosis and flaring of the metaphyses in all eight ...
Vila Verde V M - - 1988
The author reports on two cases of congenital dislocation of the knees submitted to orthopaedic treatment. The early treatment and the relatively benign nature of the main deformity and of the associated phenomena appear to have contributed to the excellent results obtained after a six year follow-up. A review of ...
Bjerregaard P - - 1988
A case of total dorsal luxation of the lunate, combined with an avulsion of the radial styloid is recorded. Radiographs did not reveal any other signs of carpal collapse. We suggest that a concurrent hyperflexion, ulnar deviation and pronation of the wrist joint may reasonably be regarded as the etiology ...
Borochowitz Z - - 1988
Recurrent dislocation of the patella is considered to be a manifestation of generalized joint laxity. An autosomal dominant mode of inheritance was previously suggested in a few instances; however, male-to-male transmission has not yet been reported. We report a recurrent dislocation of the patella occurring in five generations of one ...
Ferenz C C - - 1988
An isolated case of prosthetic failure occurred in a total hip arthroplasty. This case involved dislocation of the polyethylene portion of a screw-in acetabular cup. The clinical and radiographic findings were subtle. The radiographic measurements that help to distinguish this complication are discussed. Successful treatment was provided with surgical replacement ...
Ries M - - 1988
Simultaneous dislocation of the talus from the tibiotalar, talocalcaneal, and talonavicular joints is uncommon and usually occurs from considerable violence. Total dislocation of the talus is frequently an open injury, or the skin may be tented over the dislocated talus leading to skin slough. Infection and avascular necrosis may follow. ...
Singer K P - - 1988
Variation in zygapophyseal joint orientation at the thoracolumbar transitional junction was investigated using computed tomography (CT). The study population (N = 214) comprised 176 cases of abdominal scans, 9 thoracolumbar junction referrals and 29 cadaveric vertebral columns. Scans through the superior endplates of T11, T12, L1 and L2 were selected ...
Dias J J - - 1987
The treatment of acromioclavicular injuries is controversial; few studies document the late results. We have reviewed 53 patients about five years after conservative management, in nine for subluxation and 44 for dislocation. Subjective and objective results were satisfactory in all cases except for one with painful subluxation, who was the ...
Frey C - - 1987
The fabella, a sesamoid bone in the lateral head of the gastrocnemius muscle occurring in 10% to 30% of individuals, is rarely considered a possible cause of knee dysfunction. When noted, the fabella is occasionally mistaken radiographically for an intraarticular ossified fragment; however, symptomatic conditions of the fabella have been ...
Close L G - - 1987
A case of cricoarytenoid subluxation secondary to endotracheal intubation and documented by computed tomography (CT) and electromyography (EMG) is reported. Successful endoscopic reduction of the displaced arytenoid is confirmed by CT. The normal anatomy and physiology of the cricoarytenoid joint is presented and the literature regarding this rarely reported injury ...
Henderson J J - - 1987
We have reviewed 21 cases of dorsal dislocation of carpometacarpal joints. In 15 of them the diagnosis was missed when they were first seen in an accident and emergency department. General swelling may obscure the characteristic clinical deformity and routine radiographs may not show the displacement clearly. It is recommended ...
Harilainen A - - 1987
The stability on clinical examination (CE) and examination under anaesthesia (EUA) was evaluated in 350 consecutive acute knee injuries. Valgus instability in knees with a medial collateral tear was observed on CE in 62 and on EUA in 67 cases (p less than 0.05). The anterior drawer sign was positive ...
Klein A - - 1987
Three cases of volar perilunar dislocation were seen at North Carolina Baptist Hospital over a 6-year period. An important finding on anteroposterior radiographs was the overriding of proximal and distal carpal rows giving rise to the "crowded carpal" appearance. Review of the literature demonstrates this configuration in all illustrations of ...
Ebraheim N A - - 1987
Scapulothoracic (ST) dissociation is a closed complete traumatic forequarter amputation manifested by a flail pulseless arm and well-defined roentgenographic findings. These roentgenographic findings were previously reported to be lateral displacement of the scapula and either acromioclavicular separation (17) or displaced clavicular fracture (20). In this paper we present four patients ...
Pope T L TL - - 1987
Synovial chondromatosis is a rare disorder of unknown cause characterized by multiple calcific bodies in the vicinity of the affected joint. It is most commonly seen in the knee, hip, elbow, and shoulder. We describe three cases of synovial chondromatosis in two extremely uncommon sites, the inferior radioulnar joint and ...
Traynelis V C - - 1986
Traumatic atlanto-occipital dislocation is a serious injury that is usually fatal. The number of patients surviving this injury, however, appears to be increasing, and most of these survivors are children. This may reflect an improvement in emergency transport services. Seventeen previously reported cases of patients surviving atlanto-occipital dislocation for more ...
Wijmenga J P - - 1986
A review of the literature concerning 37 cases of long-standing dislocation of the temporomandibular joint is presented. 3 new cases are added. A wide variety of methods of treatment has been used in the past. A survey of these methods will be given and a scheme of recommendation for managing ...
Bogduk Nikolai - - 1986
Whereas the symptoms of whiplash injury are frequently poorly understood or misrepresented as due to neurosis, a review of the literature reveals a considerable amount of biomechanical and experimental data that substantiate a diverse organic basis for these symptoms, including disorders commonly not considered or sought for in the investigation ...
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