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Results 451 - 500 of 785
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Onur O - - 1997
Rickets can manifest with a wide variety of rheumatic symptoms. In this paper, a fifteen year old female patient with hypophosphatemic rickets presenting with symptoms suggesting sacroiliitis at disease onset is reported. The sacroiliac joint involvement in this case was attributed to the subchondral bone fractures due to the secondary ...
Chow T K - - 1997
A case of bilateral temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis in a Chinese male patient with ankylosing spondylitis is presented. A review of the literature emphasizes the rarity of this arthro-pathology in ankylosing spondylitis. The importance in the recognition of this complication by clinical examination supplemented by computed tomography is stressed.
Li E C - - 1996
A case study is presented to illustrate the concept of femoral component failure secondary to polyethylene wear in a 67 year old man, 13 years after he had conforming type total knee replacements. This case illustrates the theory that this observed problem may be a leading cause of failure in ...
Hughes M J - - 1996
Traumatic hip dislocation constitutes a true orthopedic emergency, is a relatively rare occurrence in the pediatric population, and may be accompanied by minimal trauma. Long-term morbidity such as avascular necrosis or osteoarthritis of the femoral head may be significant if the diagnosis is not expeditiously confirmed radiographically and prompt reduction ...
Cascone P - - 1996
Synovial chondromatosis is a benign monoarticular arthropathy characterized by metaplastic cartilaginous foci developed in the synovial membrane. We present a review of the literature and report on five additional cases of synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint. Radiographic examination by computed tomographic scan allowed us to identify this disease as ...
Spranger S S Institute of Human Genetics and Anthropology, Heidelberg, - - 1996
We report on a 13-month old boy with microcephalic osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism (MOPD), whose radiographic signs correspond with type II of this entity. Some of his clinical signs, such as the anomalies of the external genitalia and the urinary tract, are common to this subgroup of MOPD, but he also ...
Peh W C - - 1996
The hypotheses that carpal arcs normally break in radial and ulnar deviation and that they remain intact in the neutral position were tested. Wrist instability series of 100 asymptomatic wrists were reviewed. Three carpal arcs were drawn on posteroanterior (prone) and anteroposterior (supine) x-ray films in neutral and radial- and ...
Pande M - - 1996
PURPOSE: To assess the incidence and visual morbidity of lens matter dislocation during phacoemulsification and the relationship between this complication and surgical experience. SETTING: Teaching and district general hospitals. METHODS: A multiple-choice questionnaire was sent to members of the Northern and Midlands Ophthalmological Societies. They were asked about the incidence ...
Martini G - - 1996
Disk displacement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) without reduction has been considered a fundamental pathophysiologic abnormality of the joint. In this paper there are supportive clinical and MRI evidence of a successful repetitive manipulative technique for the treatment of acute and chronic locking. In 1500 treated cases, documented on videotape, ...
Smith G R - - 1996
Carpometacarpal dislocations of the ulnar four joints are rare injuries that are usually associated with high-energy trauma. Given the small number of cases reported, there exists some controversy regarding their optimal management. The case of a 27-year-old man who sustained a dorsal dislocation (without associated fractures) of the ulnar four ...
Stratton N J - - 1996
Reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome (RSDS) is a well-defined entity, caused by many clinical conditions, leading to pain, stiffness, and vasomotor changes in the affected region. In this case, a 49-year-old man presented with a history of right foot pain secondary to a fall. Plain radiographs did not reveal any fractures ...
Lage L A - - 1996
Acetabular labral tears are well recognized in the pathology of hip disease. The patterns of such tears found in 37 patients undergoing hip arthroscopy have been analyzed. Distinct categories of labral tear were found, and may be classified in terms of etiology (traumatic, 18.9% of cases; degenerative, 48.6%; idiopathic, 27.1%; ...
Saitoh E - - 1996
The Walkabout is a new hip-knee-ankle-foot orthotic (HKAFO) system with a medial single hip joint (MSH-KAFO) invented by S. McKay in 1992. Compared with other HKAFO systems, the hip joint part is compact and removable, so it has distinguishable, real merits: ease in donning and doffing the device, compatibility with ...
Kim S J - - 1996
In two cases of flexion contracture of knees, the vertical septum pattern of the infrapatellar plica was noted arthroscopically to be thickened, fibrotic, and to have lost its elasticity. The plicae were impinged to the intercondylar notch and trochlea at extension of the knees, blocking further extension. The pathological plicae ...
Rabin S I - - 1996
A case report of a 28-year-old man with associated dislocations of the tarsometatarsal (Lisfranc) and metatarsophalangeal joints is presented. The potential for disability after these injuries is very high when the diagnosis or treatment is delayed, the reduction is incomplete, or the dislocation recurs. Relevant aspects of diagnosis and treatment ...
Howard M O - - 1996
A case of synovial chondromatosis in a great horned owl (Bubo virginianus) was found in June 1993. In radiographs of bilateral swelling of the scapulohumeral joint we observed numerous mineralized foci in the soft tissue. The foci were identified by light microscopy as cartilaginous metaplasia. This is the first report ...
Molla M R - - 1996
The clinical observations on 14 cases of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis including age and sex incidences as well as surgical management are presented in this paper. Ankylotic TMJ arthroplasty which include condylectomy with or without interpositional materials such as auricular cartilage and temporalis muscle flap to prevent reankylosis was used ...
Marker L B - - 1996
Posterior dislocation of the sternoclavicular joint is uncommon, accounting for less than 0.1% of all dislocations. Since 1824 a little more than 100 cases have been reported, and the majority in the past 20 years. A review of published reports suggests that this injury is seen particularly in connection with ...
Chen C Y - - 1996
A case of neglected elbow dislocation having a late open reduction is presented and the literature reviewed. While the functional result is inversely related to the interval between injury and the time of operation, stability and early motion are two keys for good functional recovery. A new method of coronoid ...
KoldaƟ T - - 1996
A 17-year-old girl with unilateral atypical cleft foot deformity is reported. In this case the deformity was associated with deafness, mandibular retrognathia and congenital bilateral temporomandibular joint luxation. Family history of cleft foot deformity was not found. A syndactylization procedure with shortening of the big toe was done. The temporomandibular ...
Lintner S A - - 1995
McWharter first described volar carpometacarpal dislocations of the fifth digit in 1918. Since then, 14 cases have been reported in the medical literature. Berg and Murphy were first to report a case of ulnopalmar dislocation that was successfully treated with closed reduction and immobilization. Previously reported cases required internal fixation ...
Love J N - - 1995
Subtalar dislocations are sufficiently uncommon to be unfamiliar but require appropriate recognition and management to effect a good outcome. These dislocations benefit from urgent reduction that is essential to limiting sustained disability. Most can be reduced by closed manipulation at the time of presentation. Three cases of subtalar dislocations are ...
Selesnick S H - - 1995
Herniation of the temporomandibular joint into the external auditory canal has been reported as a result of trauma, neoplasia, infection, inflammatory processes, or developmental malformations. This paper reviews the intimate relation of the temporomandibular joint to the temporal bone as well as the literature describing temporomandibular joint herniation into the ...
Austin K S - - 1995
Heterotopic ossification has been reported to occur in less than 10% of total knee arthroplasties. When this condition has occurred, it has previously been reported either to be asymptomatic or to cause discomfort that resolves with the passage of time. This case report is the first to note persistent pain ...
Wright N - - 1995
A case is described of a policeman who assaulted the man he was arresting after receiving a concussive blow to the head. The defence argued he was suffering from post-traumatic automatism and after juries were unable to agree a verdict in two trials he was acquitted. Aspects of post-traumatic automatism ...
Moore K R - - 1995
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective single-patient case report with a literature review. OBJECTIVE: To report on a neurologically intact adult with bilateral traumatic atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation/dislocation and associated facet fracture, and present a review of the literature. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Unilateral rotatory dislocation is relatively common at the ...
Gates J D - - 1995
We describe a case report of an axillary artery injury after recurrent anterior dislocation of the shoulder. Review of 22 reported cases reveals that 27% are recurrent dislocations, 86% occurred in patients older than 50, 86% of the injuries are in the third part of the axillary artery, and 68% ...
Ishii Y - - 1995
Use of extramedullary and intramedullary guides to prepare the tibia was studied comparatively in 100 consecutive primary total knee arthroplasties done by a single surgeon. Each type of guide was used in 50 consecutive cases, for a total of 100 cases. In all cases, an intramedullary guide was used to ...
Crosby L A LA Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, Nebraska 68131, - - 1995
Irreducible dorsal dislocation of the interphalangeal joint of the great toe is rare. Few case reports can be found in the literature. Most cases have been treated with operative exploration of the joint and reduction through a dorsal midline incision. We present a case where a medial approach was used ...
Friedman B D - - 1995
Distal arthrogryposis IIB is characterized by contractures of the distal joints (especially of the fingers and toes) and ptosis. We recently encountered a father and son with these manifestations. The father was reported 54 years ago as a case of amyoplasia congenita (arthrogryposis multiplex congenita). Both father and son have ...
Imai H - - 1995
This is a report on two cases of IgA nephropathy associated with psoriasis vulgaris, having hyper IgAnemia (above 500 mg/dl) and ossification. Case 1 is a 47-year-old woman with a 7-year history of psoriasis vulgaris, and case 2 is a 57-year-old man with a 17-year history of this disease. IgA ...
Thompson I O - - 1995
Synovial chondromatosis of the joint is a rare benign condition characterized by the formation of metaplastic cartilage in the synovium of the joint resulting in numerous attached and unattached osteocartilagenous bodies. It may recur after surgical intervention. For this reason removal of the synovium and the bodies is advocated. This ...
Berthelot J M - - 1995
Two cases of osteitis condensans of the medial clavicle with an unusual course toward spontaneous resolution of clinical and roentgenographic manifestations are reported. The relevant literature is reviewed. A pathogenic hypothesis for condensing osteitis of the clavicle, ilium, and pubis is suggested. At all these sites, the sclerosis occurs in ...
Mekhail A O AO Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical College of Ohio, Toledo 43699-0008, - - 1995
One of the recently introduced procedures for studying the posterior subtalar joint is subtalar arthroscopy. There is no reference in the literature to the possibility of a medial portal that might be used either for arthroscopic insertion, probing, or instrumental manipulation. The two portals mentioned in the literature are the ...
Dauwe D M - - 1995
STUDY DESIGN: This is a case report. OBJECTIVES: To the authors' knowledge, simultaneous septic arthritis of a lumbar facet joint and another joint has not been described as yet. Therefore, a patient is presented in whom both a lumbar facet joint (L4-L5 on the right) and a sternoclavicular joint were ...
Loder B G - - 1995
Reconstruction of malunited or an incongruous talocrural articulation is relatively unrecognized within the literature and few procedures have been described. This article reviews a case of a 36-year-old male who presented with chronic ankle pain, secondary to a malunion of the ankle joint. The case presentation, including surgical treatment and ...
Hatori M M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai, - - 1995
This is a case report of calcific bursitis adjacent to the first metatarsophalangeal (MP) joint in a 3-year-old boy. The patient had two attacks of pain on the medial side of the first MP joint, resembling an acute gouty attack. Roentgenograms showed calcified opacity adjacent to the medial side of ...
Sides D - - 1995
Plain radiographs help establish the diagnosis and pattern of dislocation of the carpal scaphoid. Isolated dislocations can be treated with closed reduction, but dislocations in conjunction with axial carpal disruption must be treated with open reduction to fix the unstable radial half of the carpus to the stable ulnar half. ...
Ireland M L - - 1995
Disorders of the patella are the most common cause of anterior knee pain. The etiologies of anterior knee pain are reviewed. A case report of an acute displaced patella fracture in a bipartite union is presented. Bipartite patellar development, incidence, radiographic findings, and clinical symptoms follow. Treatment of excision of ...
Biundo J J JJ - - 1995
In this review, three areas are highlighted: knee injuries due to athletic events, carpal tunnel syndrome, and shoulder problems, especially glenoid labral tears. In patients with chronic anterior cruciate ligament insufficiency, an increasing incidence of meniscal tears was seen. A Finnish study showed that athletes from all types of competitive ...
Pynn B R - - 1995
An asymptomatic preauricular swelling in a 58-year-old man appeared as a parotid mass and was diagnosed as calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposition disease of the temporomandibular joint. This article describes the diagnostic criteria and management of this rare condition and reviews the 13 cases that have been reported to date.
Fraser K E - - 1995
This paper reports on a case of complex dorsal dislocations of both the right index and middle metacarpophalangeal joints. A 32-year-old man involved in a motor vehicle accident presented with both the index and middle metacarpal heads protruding through a transverse laceration in his right palm. After irrigation with normal ...
Beguiristain J - - 1995
STUDY DESIGN: The authors present an unusual case of pure traumatic bilateral lumbosacral dislocation in a 5-year-old boy, the conservative treatment carried out, and the long-term result. OBJECTIVES: To describe a rare traumatic lesion in children and evaluate the result obtained with conservative treatment. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Watson-Jones was ...
McLean R M - - 1995
Hypothyroidism is frequently accompanied by musculoskeletal manifestations ranging from myalgias and arthralgias to true myopathy and arthritis. A case is presented in which an arthropathic process in the hip was the isolated finding in a young man who was severely hypothyroid. Previous literature on bone and joint manifestations of hypothyroidism ...
Motycka T - - 1995
Synovial tuberculosis is a rare, but important differential diagnosis of synovial diseases. Three cases of arthroscopic synovectomy of tubercular monarthritis affecting the knee joint are reported. The Lysholm scoring scale modified by Klein and Kloos was excellent in two cases, but poor in one. In all three cases there was ...
Epeldegui T - - 1995
Many pathoanatomic studies of clubfeet have been made. Bone changes and ligament and tendon alterations are among the different deformities reported in the literature. The socket of the talocalcaneonavicular joint is termed the acetabulum pedis (AP), and alterations of the joint have been reported previously as malformations associated with clubfoot. ...
Attarian D E - - 1995
Conversion of a hip arthrodesis to a total joint arthroplasty is an uncommon procedure compared to the standard or revision total hip replacement. In this report, two illustrative cases are presented in which conversion to a total joint arthroplasty was performed, and a review of the literature for indications, complications, ...
Moody D G - - 1995
This case report describes the experience of a 26-year-old woman who underwent multiple jaw surgeries. An initial 22 months of unsuccessful nonsurgical therapy was followed by a 7-year period during which the following were performed: 12 surgeries of her right temporomandibular joint; one surgery of her left temporomandibular joint; bilateral ...
Hansen B L - - 1995
Fungal arthritis (FA) due to a candida infection was reviewed in English literature and described in 45 cases. The increasing use of potent antibiotics, immunosuppressives, and especially the use of artificial joints, predisposed to the infection. Weightbearing joints, particularly the knees, were most frequently affected. Symptoms were described as a ...
Le Minor J M - - 1995
The number of phalanges of the human toes was investigated in a series of 2,550 radiographs. Classical triphalangia of the lateral toes (2-5) was observed in 1,440 cases (56.47%). Biphalangeal disposition was observed for the 5th toe in 1,110 cases (41.02%), for the 4th toe in 64 cases (2.51%), for ...
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