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FitzGerald Rosemarie Philippa RP University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Microbiology Department, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicester LE1 5WW, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Here, we report a case of non-toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae in a previously healthy 14-year-old girl that was acquired in Ethiopia and presented locally. This is the first clinical case of penicillin-resistant C. diphtheriae in the UK. This is significant finding because penicillin is the recommended first-line agent for the prophylaxis ...
Boyce Brian J BJ Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, - - 2014
Laryngeal abscesses are rare but potentially life-threatening infections due to potential airway obstruction. Most abscesses occur in the epiglottis or preepiglottic space as a sequela of acute supraglottitis. Abscesses in the posterior larynx are extremely rare and typically due to instrumentation or trauma. Appropriate workup and management of the airway ...
Wang James C JC School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 3601 4th Street STOP 8312, Lubbock, TX 79430, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To review the potential contributory role of biofilms to post-tympanstomy tube otorrhea and plugging as well as the available interventions currently utilized to prevent biofilm formation on tympanostomy tubes. A literature review was performed utilizing the MEDLINE/Pubmed database from 1980 to 2013. Electronic database was searched with combinations of keywords ...
Sattler Laurent L Laboratoire de Parasitologie et Mycologie Médicale, Plateau Technique de Microbiologie, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, 1 Place de l׳Hôpital, BP 426, 67091 Strasbourg Cedex, - - 2014
We report a case of non-invasive sinusitis caused by Scopulariopsis brevicaulis in a 70-year-old immunocompetent patient who had an antibiotic-resistant suppurative tooth infection evolving for seven months. The sinus endoscopy highlighted a foreign body at the bottom of the sinus, which led to the hypothesis of fungal ball sinusitis. Culture ...
Brust K K Division of Infectious Disease, Scott & White Healthcare, Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine, Temple, TX, USA - - 2014
To review cases of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacillus urinary tract infections (UTIs) treated with tigecycline and the literature related to this subject. We performed a systematic review of the literature identifying patients with MDR Gram-negative bacillus UTIs treated with tigecycline. Fourteen cases describing treatment of UTIs caused by MDR Gram-negative ...
Faulkes Zen Z Department of Biology, The University of Texas-Pan American, 1201 W. University Drive, Edinburg, TX 78539-2999, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Social media has created new pathways for postpublication peer review, which regularly leads to corrections. Such online discussions are often resisted by authors and editors, however, and efforts to formalize postpublication peer review have not yet resonated with scientific communities.
Bargiacchi O O Infectious Diseases Department, University Hospital "Maggiore della Carità", Novara, Italy, - - 2014
We report three cases of external ventricular derivation infections caused by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative rods and treated successfully with intraventricular colistin. The intrathecal or intraventricular use of colistin have been reported in more than 100 cases without any consensus on dosage, duration and type (monotherapy or combination therapy) of treatment. Based ...
Posadas M D MD Hospital de Alta Complejidad ¨El Cruce¨ de Florencio Varela, Buenos Aires Argentina; Clínica IPENSA de La Plata Bs.As., Argentina. - - 2014
Gorham-Stout syndrome, is an extremely rare disease of the bone, characterized for vascular and lymphatic channels proliferation in bony segments and consequent osseous resorption. There are around 200 cases reported around the world. Although bisphosphonates are used for symptoms relief, there is no standardized treatment established. We present a case ...
Bagavathy Kavitha - - 2014
Community acquired methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus(CA-MRSA) is a global pathogen capable of causing life-threatening infections with increasing prevalence since the 1990s. Purulentpericarditis, characterized by accumulation of purulent fluid in the pericardial space was historically a disease of the pediatric and early adult population, but through the years the median age ...
Swails Jennifer J From the *Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, TX; and †Division of STD Prevention, Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Boston, - - 2014
Emerging antibiotic resistance may be slowed through effective implementation of treatment guidelines. Our case-control study showed that providers who treated gonorrhea differently from guidelines in Massachusetts accounted for approximately 4% of cases and were associated with private practice/health maintenance organization settings and lower-incidence locations. Patient β-lactam allergy was also significantly ...
Shahapur Praveen R PR Department of Microbiology, BLDE University's Shri. B. M. Patil Medical College, Bijapur, Karnataka, - - 2014
Nocardia otitidiscaviarum is a rare clinical isolate of primary cutaneous infections. This report describes a case of lymphocutaneous nocardiosis caused by N. otitidiscaviarum. Analysis of 16S ribosomal RNA gene of the isolate and the type strain of N. otitidiscaviarum DSM 43242 showed 100% similarity. The partial gene sequence of 1439 ...
Forrester Joseph D - - 2013
Abstract Background: Clostridium ramosum is a common enteric anaerobe but infrequently also a cause of pathologic infection. Methods: Case report and literature review. Results: We reviewed 12 case reports describing infection with C. ramosum. When pathogenic, C. ramosum is cultured most commonly from the inner ear, anaerobic blood samples, or ...
Ramos Antonio - - 2013
A 59-year-old Caucasian male presented with progressive dyspnea, arthralgias and fever for three days. A diastolic regurgitation murmur was detected in the aortic area. A transesophageal echocardiograph showed several vegetations and severe aortic regurgitation. Blood cultures yielded Neisseria gonorrhoeae beta-lactamase negative. The patient had not noticed any urogenital discomfort or urethral ...
Go Gyeongo G Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, - - 2013
Bow hunter's syndrome (BHS) is rare cause of vertebrobasilar insufficiency that arises from mechanical compression of the vertebral artery by head rotation. There is no standardized diagnostic regimen or treatment of BHS. Recently, we experienced 2 cases resisted continues medication and treated by surgical approach. In both cases, there were ...
Broeks Ilse Jantine - - 2013
Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) in the airway may be potentially life-threatening during the proliferative phase. Available treatments like oral corticosteroids (OCS) and chemotherapeutic agents usually showed variable responses and serious side effects. Propranolol is a new and promising treatment option. A case series of five IH patients with airway involvement is ...
Polenakovik Hari M - - 2013
Data regarding ceftaroline use for meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (MRSAB) are lacking. Here we review the outcomes of 31 patients with MRSAB treated with ceftaroline, including 9 patients with endocarditis. Clinical success was observed in 23 patients (74.2%). Adverse events associated with prolonged therapy were rare and included eosinophilic pneumonia, ...
Berna Jennifer S JS AMFS Corp, Bingham, Massachusetts; Marian University, Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, United - - 2013
Medically referred wellness coaching clients may present thinking patterns that generate internal resistance to change, including lack of urgency, inadequate incentives, and uncertainty about what they need to do differently.(1) Applying the Wellcoaches (Wellcoaches Corp, Wellesley, Massachusetts) model interventions within a framework of the four domains of learning (cognitive, affective, ...
Donovan Sean T - - 2013
Suppurative parotitis is an uncommon entity identified in newborns. While Staphylococcus aureus has been frequently identified as the causative pathogen among the few patients diagnosed with neonatal suppurative parotitis (NSP), there has only been one prior case described in the literature that was due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Because ...
Lutmer Jeffrey E - - 2013
Rationale: Purulent pericarditis secondary to community-acquired, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) is a potentially lethal infection that has yet to be described in the pediatric population. Only four cases of purulent pericarditis secondary to CA-MRSA have been described in the English literature, all of whom were adults. Objectives: We report on ...
da Silva Paulo Sergio Lucas - - 2013
Elizabethkingia meningoseptica is an unusual, highly resistant, gram- negative bacillus. While E. meningoseptica-associated meningitis outbreaks have been well-documented in hospital neonatal wards and among immunocompromised adults, reports describing this microorganism in critically ill children are scarce. The purpose of this report was to describe a case of a 3 year-old ...
Jaber James J - - 2013
We report a unique case in which a 57-year-old man with an 8-year history of late recurrent post-tympanostomy tube otorrhea (PTTO) was found to harbor Bacillus subtilis, an aerobic endospore-forming bacillus that is typically resistant to chemical and physical agents because of its unique life cycle. Removal of the patient's ...
Hon Kam Lun - - 2013
We present a case of neonatal chlamydial pneumonitis to illustrate that a high index of suspicion is necessary to make the diagnosis so that treatment can be promptly instituted. The child was afebrile and the only symptom was a cough. The respiratory equations are calculated to understand the respiratory physiology. ...
Elaldi Nazif - - 2013
In this report, a case of community-acquired acute bacterial meningitis (CA-ABM) caused by CTX-M-15-producing Escherichia coli in an elderly male patient was presented in the light of literature. Cultures of cerebrospinal fluid, blood, ear discharge, and stool samples yielded CTX-M-15-producing E. coli in-vitro, which was resistant to the extended-spectrum cephalosporins ...
Gancheva Katya K Leukaemia Cytogenetics, Academic Haematology, UCL Medical School, Royal Free Campus, Rowland Hill Street, London NW3 2PF, UK. - - 2013
ETV6-ABL1 is a rare gene fusion with oncogenic properties, reported so far in 28 patients presenting a variety of haematological malignancies associated with clinical outcome, including chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) and chronic myeloproliferative neoplasm (cMPN). Here we report on a 46-year-old female ...
Farber Nicholas J NJ University of Pittsburgh, Graduate School of Medicine, 401 Scaife Hall, 3550 Terrace Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, - - 2013
Global testicular infarction is a rare sequela of infectious epididymitis, with few reports in the urologic literature since the introduction of fluoroquinolones in the late 1980s. Ischemia occurs secondary to inflammation and edema of the spermatic cord with compression of arterial flow. We report a case of multidrug resistant epididymitis ...
Frasca K L - - 2012
Enterococci are an unusual cause of meningitis, with most cases reported in the literature preceded by neurosurgical procedures. Spread to the meninges from an enterococcal bloodstream infection is even more rare, with few cases reported in the literature. We report the first documented case, to our knowledge, of successful treatment ...
Krishnakumar R R Department of Orthopaedics, School of Medicine, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochin, Kerala, - - 2012
Indwelling epidural catheters are frequently used to manage postoperative pain. This report describes a patient who developed methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) vertebral osteomyelitis of the lumbar spine following epidural catheterization. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of MRSA vertebral osteomyelitis secondary to epidural catheter ...
Chang Aileen Y - - 2012
Ecthyma gangrenosum (EG) is a skin infection that is classically associated with Pseudomonas aeruginosa septicemia in immunocompromised patients. Other bacterial, viral, and fungal pathogens also have been implicated in EG. Both bacteremic and nonbacteremic forms of EG have been described. We describe a case of EG associated with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus ...
Niv Yaron - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The number of negligence claims against physicians and health institutes is increasing and has become a serious financial problem. Reporting adverse events became a mandatory behavior for quality assurance purposes and for preparing potential claims. AIM: To evaluate endoscopists' reports on adverse events in esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). METHODS: We analyzed ...
Jarir Rawia A - - 2012
Chylothorax, a known complication of surgery for Congenital Diaphragmatic hernia, can sometimes be resistant to treat. Octeriotide (Somatostatin analogue) can be useful in this situation. However, the dose and schedule of Octeriotide therapy in neonates is not well established. We report two cases of resistant chylothorax following surgery for congenital ...
Aoun Salah G - - 2012
Assessing the academic impact and output of scientists and physicians is essential to the academic promotion process and has largely depended on peer review. The inherent subjectivity of peer review, however, has led to an interest to incorporate objective measures into more established methods of academic assessment and promotion. Journal ...
Tsuzaka S - - 2012
A 26-year-old Japanese female presented to us with a 2-year history of multiple arc-shaped erythematous lesions on her scalp and the right side of her forehead. Histopathological examination of two of the lesions showed lobular and septal panniculitis with deposits of IgG in the basement membrane zone. We diagnosed the ...
Horseman Michael A - - 2012
Heatstroke is life-threatening condition characterized by hyperthermia and central nervous system disturbances. It can also be classified as a form of systemic inflammatory response syndrome with multiple organ dysfunction and in many ways resembles sepsis. Like sepsis, most patients with heatstroke demonstrate a hyperdynamic hemodynamic response. In contrast to sepsis, ...
Flannery Michael T - - 2012
A middle age male with type 2 diabetes mellitus presented with urinary symptoms. Blood and urine cultures were consistent with Methicillin Resistant Staphylcoccal Aureus (MRSA). A computed tomography demonstrated mutiple prostatic microabscessess. No other hematogenous source was identified. Transurethral prostatic drainage and intravenous Vancomycin followed by oral doxcycline led to ...
Zarogoulidis Paul - - 2012
Management of a "difficult airway" remains one of the most relevant and challenging tasks for anesthesiologists and pulmonary physicians. Several conditions, such as inflammation, trauma, tumor, and immunologic and metabolic diseases, are considered responsible for the difficult intubation of a critically ill patient. In this case report we present the ...
Sifuentes Giraldo Walter A - - 2011
We report the case of a 72-year-old man with history of ankylosing spondylitis, who, during the treatment with infliximab, developed painful, erythematous-violaceous plaques with later development of ulcers on his feet associated with cold exposure. Concomitantly with the appearance of these lesions, he presented increased antinuclear antibodies (ANA) titers, positivity ...
Chester Alexander C - - 2011
We describe a case of a woman who developed a peripheral polyneuropathy shortly after completing 4 weekly doses of mefloquine hydrochloride (250 mg) malaria prophylaxis. Although mefloquine-related central nervous system neuropathy is well described in the literature, peripheral polyneuropathy similar to this case has been documented only once before, to ...
Weingartner Joshua S - - 2011
  Lupus erythematosus panniculitis (LEP) is a rare finding in children, with only 12 fully reported prior cases in the English literature. We describe three cases of LEP in children younger than 18 and compare them to previous cases reported in the literature. We examine laboratory tests performed, biopsy results, ...
Jakes Rupert W - - 2011
OBJECTIVE.: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a chronic multisystem autoimmune disease with a wide spectrum of manifestations, shows considerable variation across the globe, although there is little evidence to indicate its relative prevalence in Asia. This review describes its prevalence, severity and outcome across countries in Asia-Pacific. METHODS.: A systematic literature ...
Cho In Yong - - 2011
Neurocutaneous melanosis associated with Dandy-Walker malformation is a rare dysmorphogenesis that is associated with single or multiple giant pigmented cutaneous nevi and diffuse involvement of the central nervous system. In this article, we present a 2-month-old patient with neurocutaneous melanosis associated with Dandy-Walker malformation. In addition, we reviewed the literature ...
van Vollenhoven Ronald F - - 2011
Rituximab (Rituxan, Mabthera) is a monoclonal therapeutic anti-CD20 antibody approved for use in lymphoma and rheumatoid arthritis but not for use in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Nonetheless, over the past decade many reports based on case series and observational studies have suggested benefits in selected groups of SLE patients with ...
Alishiri Gholam-Hossein - - 2011
Hematologic disorders are common in autoimmune diseases. First presentation of systemic lupus erythematosis with aplastic anemia is extremely rare. We report a patient with the diagnosis of secondary aplastic anemia associated with lupus. All routine medications were not effective. She received Rituximab and her response was satisfactory. Her hematologic parameters ...
Palmanovich Ezequiel - - 2011
Tear of the peroneal tendon may occur in different anatomical sites. The most prevalent site is around the lateral malleolus. Tear of the peroneus longus at the level of the peroneal tubercle is unusual. Anatomically, the lateral surface of the calcaneous can be divided into thirds. The middle third includes ...
Peyre Matthieu - - 2011
Choroid plexus papillomas (CPP) are rare tumors of the central nervous system, usually occurring in the ventricular system. Apart from spinal drop metastases, CPPs are generally unique tumors. In this report, the authors present two exceptional adult cases involving multiple benign CPPs located in both intra- and extraventricular locations. The ...
Schultz Stacy R - - 2011
The purpose of this article is to describe our experience developing a Web-based radiology-specific event reporting system. The Web-based safety event reporting system has been a valuable tool permitting us to address potential safety concerns in our department.
Kurukumbi Mohankumar - - 2011
A rare case of subependymoma in a young patient presenting with sensory dysesthesia is reported. Computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a posterior fossa mass occluding the fourth ventricle with infiltration to the right side immediately behind the pontine tegmentum and impinging on the right spinothalamic tract. Postoperative ...
Assiotis Angelos - - 2011
Idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis (IHP) represents a rare inflammatory condition that affects the central nervous system, often difficult to treat. We report the case of a patient who presented with difficulty in swallowing, slurred speech and ataxia associated with headache, vomiting and weight loss. He was diagnosed with IHP. He deteriorated ...
Fargen Kyle M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Central nervous system (CNS) solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare lesion first identified as a unique entity in 1996. We describe two cases treated at the University of Florida followed by a review of all reported cases of CNS SFT between 1996 and 2010. METHODS: A review of ...
Barber Claire E - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a rare feature of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) that can present with seizures, visual disturbance, and/or hypertension. We describe 7 new cases of PRES in SLE patients that highlight some of the diagnostic and treatment dilemmas of this condition. METHODS: We obtained informed ...
Posti Jussi P - - 2011
Superficial siderosis of the central nervous system results from chronic or intermittent hemorrhage into the subarachnoid space that causes hemosiderin deposition in subpial layers of the brain and the spinal cord leading to neuronal damage. Patients present with progressive and debilitating symptoms that typically include adult-onset slowly progressive cerebellar gait ...
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