Search Results
Results 401 - 436 of 436
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Root T E - - 1981
A case of Hemophilus aphrophilus endocarditis in association with a prosthetic valve is reported in which the organism was isolated from dental plaque as well as blood. We emphasize the need for treating the primary source of the infection; in this case, periodontal disease. To the best of our knowledge, ...
Quenneville J G - - 1981
Subungueal splinter hemorrhage (S.U.S.H.) has been reported in various conditions and may herald a serious systemic disease. It has been related to miscellaneous conditions such as: subacute bacterial endocarditis, severe rheumatoid arthritis, uninfected mitral stenosis, trichinosis, peptic ulcer, hypertension, neoplasm, trauma, and in some cases, is considered idiopathic. Some dermatologic ...
Emmerson A M - - 1981
Two cases are presented of Haemophilus endocarditis in patients with presumed normal valves. One case was due to H. influenzae presenting as a typical case of infective endocarditis and the other was due to H. para-influenzae presenting as an acute pyrexia of unknown origin. The difficulties in making the diagnosis ...
DelRossi A J - - 1980
Penicillium endocarditis involving an aortic valvular tissue prosthesis (Ionescu-Shiley) was successfully managed. This is the fourth reported case of Penicillium endocarditis, and the first survivor. A review of the literature shows that this fungus is ubiguitous though rarely pathogenic. The management of this rare type of infection is outlined.
Pesando P - - 1980
A 31-year-old white woman developed bilateral papilloedema whilst on lithium carbonate therapy for five years because of manic depressive illness. Oedema of the optic disc disappeared after lithium administration had been discontinued. To our knowledge this is the second case of this kind which has been reported in literature.
Eisert J - - 1980
SBE manifests many skin findings including petechiae, splinter hemorrhages of the nails, Osler's and laneway lesions, clubbing of the fingers, and findings suggestive of angiitis. Another case with similar histopathologic findings to those originally described by Tappeiner and Pfleger is described, but with positive blood cultures to corroborate the clinical ...
Cooke D B - - 1979
Since the introduction of penicillin in 1942, there have been only 11 culture-proven cases of gonococcal endocarditis in the English literature. Most patients are under 30 years of age and have no history of heart disease. The aortic valve is often involved and aortic regurgitation is common. The bacteriologic diagnosis ...
Lutwick L I - - 1979
A woman is described who suffered from multiple episodes of Streptococcus viridans endocarditis over a decade. The possible mechanisms for recurrence are discussed and the past literature on recurrent endocarditis is reviewed. In addition, the patient developed fever and eosinophilia in response to penicillin V, while tolerating penicillin G without ...
Johnson M G - - 1979
This report describes the isolation of Cardiobacterium hominis from a patient with a history of rheumatic heart disease. Seven blood cultures yielded the organism. This investigation includes the case history, significant details of the hospital course, and the bacteriological, biochemical, and antimicrobial characteristics of Cardiobacterium hominis, integrated with a brief ...
Fried A M - - 1978
A case of massive hydronephrosis secondary to a ureteral valve was discovered upon evaluation of mild trauma. The orderly diagnostic studies, including ultrasonography and antegrade pyelography, led to the correct diagnosis and appropriate therapy. Ultrasonography as a diagnostic tool in urology is discussed and characteristics of the 18 cases of ...
Gay R M - - 1978
A rare case of bacterial endocarditis caused by Neisseria sicca is reported. Review of the literature revealed only five other cases where sufficient data existed to confirm this particular organism as the etiological agent of bacterial endocarditis.
Saksun J M - - 1978
Actinomycotic mycetoma was diagnosed in a woman from Jamaica living in Ontario. This is the first case reported in Canada in which the infection was caused by Nocardia madurae. Despite oral therapy with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, local excision of newly appearing nodules was required periodically for clinical improvement. Laboratory procedures were modified ...
Elliot M S - - 1978
A rare but potentially lethal complication of coumarin and its congeners is skin necrosis. A case of skin necrosis due to warfarin is reported and the literature is reviewed. It is suggested that if necrosis develops, the coumarin therapy should be terminated, and the patient should immediately be heparinized. Heparin, ...
Suri R K - - 1978
Myxomas of the intraventricular cavity are extremely rare, and those of right ventricular origin are the least frequent. Only three cases of myxoma of the tricuspid valve have so far been reported. In this communication a myxoma of the tricuspid valve in a 23-year-old woman is reported because of its ...
van der Bel-Kahn J M - - 1978
A case of infective endocarditis due to Chlamydia trachomatis immunotype F is reported. Multiple negative blood cultures were a major deterrant from the initial clinical diagnosis of infective endocarditis. Postmortem ultrastructural identification of Chlamydia in the aortic valve vegetation led to an intensive retrospective study of retrieved serum samples utilizing ...
Rogers E W - - 1978
A patient is presented in whom a left atrial myxoma was found to be infected with Histoplasma capsulatum. Histoplasmosis has not been previously associated with this tumor, nor has any fungus without preceding bacterial endocarditis and long-term antibiotic therapy. The clinical course in foru previously reported cases of bacterially infected ...
Massanari R M - - 1978
Three patients with bacterial endocarditis (one case due to Staphylococcus aureus and two to S epidermidis) failed to improve on standard therapeutic regimens which were judged adequate by in vitro testing for sensitivity. Rifampin was added to the regimen in each case and resulted in increased bactericidal activity in the ...
Joyce L D - - 1978
This report documents the ninth case of ball variance in a Starr-Edwards Model 6000 mitral prosthesis occurring 10 years, 9 months after implantation. It is the fourth case of fracture of a mitral ball of any type. As this case illustrates, the presence of ball variance in the mitral position ...
Johnson R H - - 1977
Rarely is endocarditis attributed to the species of Hemophilus. Most frequently implicated are H aphrophilus and H parainfluenzae, but H influenzae also is seen. We report six cases of endocarditis due to H aphrophilus or H parainfluenzae and review the literature. Emboli to skin, lungs, kidneys, spleen, brain, and other ...
Goenen M - - 1977
The authors report a case of candida albicans endocarditis occurring 3 years after aortic valve replacement and bacterial endocarditis. They may attempt to the difficulty of the diagnosis, the successful combined surgical and medical treatment, the duration and the follow-up of the therapy and finally the aspect of the side ...
Boucher C A - - 1977
The echocardiographic findings and case reports of three patients with active Streptococcal endocarditis and severe congestive heart failure are presented. All three had pathologically proven vegetations on the mitral valve; however, only the two with calcification of the vegetations were successfully demonstrated on echocardiography. Clinical and pathological differences are highlighted ...
Smith J P - - 1977
A case of subacute bacterial endocarditis due to Streptococcus mutans is presented. The case was successfully treated by intravenous and oral penicillin. Streptococcus mutans is a member of the viridans streptococcal group with properties similar to enterococcal streptococci. Since the enterococci are resistant to penicillin, and isolates of Streptococcus mutans ...
Blair D C - - 1977
We have evaluated three patients with Haemophilus parainfluenzae endocarditis. Two of the three had underlying heart disease. All presented with fever, chills and malaise of less than two weeks' duration. Mitral valve involvement led to congestive heart failure in two of three cases. Treatment proved difficult, despite normally adequate dosages ...
Dzau V J - - 1976
Vibrio fetus endocarditis occurred in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus receiving azathoprin and prednisone. Blood cultures required 14 days to become positive. The fastidious growth requirement of this organism is reviewed because lack of appreciation of these may result in failure to make the diagnosis. This is the first ...
El-Khatib M R - - 1976
Over 24 months (January 1972-December 1973) 48 intravenous heroin users were admitted to Detroit General Hospital with 50 episodes of bacterial endocarditis (B.E.). Staphylococcus aureus (25 cases), enterococci (13 cases), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (5 cases) were the usual pathogens, accounting for 86 per cent of these illnesses. Occasional episodes were ...
Falase A O - - 1976
Ninety cases of infective endocarditis seen over a 10-year-period at University College Hospital, Ibadan, are reviewed. The peak incidence was in the third decade and rheumatic heart disease was the commonest pre-existing lesion in 59 cases with subacute endocarditis. In most cases the source of infection was not known. In ...
Sciarra F - - 1976
Concentrations of testosterone, delta4-androstenedione, dihydrotestosterone and delta5-androstenediol were measured in 12 patients affected by hirsutism associated with menstrual disorders. Testosterone was elevated in 9 cases, in whom high levels of delta4-androstenedione and dihydrotestosterone was found, and normal in 3 cases, 2 of which presented high values of dihydrotestosterone and one ...
Peyman G A - - 1975
The experimental data involving the use of 14 antibacterial and two antifungal agents have been used to establish a rationale for the management of human endophthalmitis. Twelve cases of endophthalmitis treated under our supervision have been described in detail. The eventual visual outcome is related to two factors: (1) time ...
Amjad H - - 1975
Sixteen cases of postgastrectomy bezoars were diagnosed and treated in the period of five years. Various mechanisms of their information, symptomatology and therapy are discussed. We believe postgastrectomy bezoars are relatively frequent but often missed entities. Considering the relative frequency of this entity and ease of therapy, this condition should ...
Bassan R - - 1975
A patient with endocarditis produced by Listeria monocytogenes is presented, the twelfth such case reported. A review of the available literature shows that the infection has involved only the left side of the heart, has not been associated with debilitating diseases, and carries a significant mortality rate. Otherwise, clinical and ...
Thell R - - 1975
Forty-two cases of bacterial endocarditis with pathologic confirmation are reviewed. Infection was restricted to one or both left-sided valves in 31 cases, right-sided valves in five cases, and valves in both sides of the heart in six cases. In those specimens available for review, underlying valvular disease was identifiable in ...
Naveh Y - - 1975
A 7-year-old boy suffering from aortic regurgitation and mitral stenosis and regurgitation was admitted with endocarditis caused by Rhodotorula pilimanae and was treated successfully with orally administered antifungal agent, namely 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC). A dose of 100 mg per kg body weight, divided into four equal parts, was prescribed. After a ...
Rosenblatt J E - - 1973
The number of cases of bacterial endocarditis in drug addicts seen at UCLA and Wadsworth Veterans Administration hospitals increased sharply in 1971 over the average of the four preceding years. Enteric Gram-negative bacilli were the infecting organism in three of the seven cases seen in 1971 but were not found ...
Anthony D D - - 1999
Cardiac involvement in Wegener granulomatosis is uncommon. We report a case of Wegener granulomatosis that presented as culture-negative endocarditis with aortic valvular vegetation. The clinical manifestations included gingival hyperplasia, gangrenous digital infarcts, mononeuritis multiplex, high fever, inflammatory arthritis, pansinusitis, splenic infarct, and aortic valvular vegetation, which underscore the difficulty of ...
Munroe, D. S.
The case history of a young woman who developed severe mitral regurgitation after four years of methysergide therapy is reported. Replacement of the mitral valve was required. A brief review of the toxic effects of methysergide is given and special reference is made to lesions of the heart valves that ...
CALLAGHAN J C - - 1964
The aortic and mitral valves were replaced in 50 patients at the University of Alberta Hospital using the Starr-Edwards ball-valve prosthesis. The basis of the selection of 20 patients for isolated aortic valve replacement and 27 for mitral valve replacement using this type of prosthesis is presented, and the techniques ...
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