Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 436
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Hoekstra A - - 1994
A compact three-stage shunt valve system (Orbis Sigma Valve) which operates as a flow regulator within certain differential pressure values has been clinically evaluated in the treatment of hydrocephalus. Clinical trials were performed in 134 cases, covering 128 patients aged from 1 day to 79 years with a mean age ...
Miyabara S - - 1994
Absent semilunar valve was found in three fetal cases with cystic hygroma. Two cases which simultaneously showed absent aortic and pulmonary valves (AAV and APV, respectively) had double-outlet right ventricle. The third case, which lacked only the aortic valve, had atrioventricular septal defect and anomalous origin of the right subclavian ...
Byrne A P - - 1993
The case of a bipolar patient who developed thyrotoxicosis with severe exophthalmos while on lithium therapy is described. The patient had required two surgical decompressions of the right orbit to relieve pressure, which occurred secondary to progression of the exophthalmos, and was scheduled for further surgery. Lithium therapy was discontinued ...
Sudduth E J - - 1993
A 35-year-old man with a history of intravenous drug use developed endocarditis due to Rothia dentocariosa that was complicated by a perivalvular abscess. Despite combined medical and surgical treatment, abscess formation progressed following aortic valve replacement, and the patient died during a second operative procedure. This is the sixth case ...
De Domenico R - - 1993
A prolapsing mitral valve with a double orifice ('hole type') was documented by echocardiography in a 35-year-old male. His symptoms were associated to supraventricular ectopic beats and persisted unchanged during a 3-year follow-up. This malformation is usually considered benign but, as fragmentation of the atrioventricular conduction tissue was reported in ...
Struillou L - - 1993
Neisseria elongata subsp. nitroreducens, an usual commensal of the nasopharynx, can cause serious infections, usually endocarditis. A case of Neisseria elongata endocarditis complicating mitral valve prolapse in a patient allergic to penicillin is reported. Cure was obtained with a combination of ceftriaxone and gentamicin, there being no requirement for surgery ...
Hobson R S - - 1993
A case of acute bacterial endocarditis associated with orthodontic treatment is described and the problems associated with orthodontic treatment for 'at risk' patients are discussed. The American Heart Association recommendations for orthodontic patients are summarized, and the general recommendations of the Endocarditis Working Party of the British Society for Antimicrobial ...
Friedman R M - - 1993
A valve of Guerin, or lacuna magna, is a common anatomical finding in young boys. It occasionally causes dysuria and/or bloody urethral discharge or spotting due to its location distal to the external urethral sphincter. We report on 10 patients who underwent transmeatal marsupialization of a valve of Guerin between ...
Blankenship J C - - 1993
PURPOSE: To characterize the clinical course and outcomes of reported cases of splenic hemorrhage during thrombolytic or anticoagulant therapy. METHODS: The Medline, EMBASE (Excerpta Medica), BIOSIS, and SCISEARCH databases for English and foreign literature between 1966 and 1991 were searched. All reports of patients with documented splenic hemorrhage during anticoagulant ...
Park S B - - 1993
Endophthalmitis is a rare complication of Escherichia coli-induced septicemia. Nine cases of endogenous endophthalmitis caused by E. coli have been reported previously, all except one in patients with diabetes. The most common primary site of infection is the urinary tract. The course of illness is rapidly progressive with a poor ...
Cohen B A - - 1993
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) polyradiculomyelopathy is an uncommon but distinctive clinical syndrome in HIV-infected patients in which ascending motor weakness, areflexia, loss of sphincter control, paresthesias, and varying sensory impairment develop subacutely in association with a polymorphonuclear pleocytosis, increased protein, and hypoglycorrhachia in CSF. Responses to treatment with ganciclovir have varied in ...
Edmond M B - - 1993
Over the past decade, an increasing number of infections due to Agrobacterium radiobacter have been reported. Observation of three cases of bacteremia due to this organism prompted a review of the English-language literature. Nineteen cases of significant disease have previously been reported. In more than one-half of the cases, bacteremia ...
Juliard J M - - 1993
Thrombotic obstruction of aortic bioprostheses is rare. Few cases have been reported involving the use of the Carpentier-Edwards (CE) prosthesis, the Hancock bioprosthesis, or the Medtronic Intact porcine valve. Thrombolytic therapy for mechanical valve thrombosis has been used frequently even though it is known to carry a high risk of ...
Jang T N - - 1992
Thirty-two cases of Xanthomonas maltophilia bacteremia have been identified over the last two years at the Veterans General Hospital, Taipei. Among them, 27 cases (84%) were due to hospital-acquired infections, and 14 cases (44%) were polymicrobial bacteremia. One case was confirmed as prosthetic valve endocarditis and one case was complicated ...
Blanchard D G - - 1992
Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE) is difficult to detect antemortem and is often not suspected until embolic events occur. Transthoracic echocardiography is useful in diagnosing NBTE, but it may be limited by suboptimal imaging and resolution. Herein we describe the first reported case of NBTE diagnosed by transesophageal echocardiography. As early ...
Castanet J - - 1992
We report two cases of cellulitis of the legs occurring in adults where Escherichia coli (E. coli) was, or probably was, the causative bacterial agent. E. coli and other gram-negative bacilli cellulitis are rarely reported. However, in cellulitis, the causative microorganism is rarely identified, and some cases of E. coli ...
Chartash E K - - 1992
Four cases of septic subdeltoid bursitis are described. Clinical presentations, microbiology, and therapies are reviewed for these cases as well as for the six previously reported cases in the literature. The etiology of septic subdeltoid bursitis was related to bacteremia, trauma, or immune incompetence. Compared with septic oelcranon and prepatellar ...
Griffiths J K - - 1992
Endocarditis caused by lactobacilli may lead to death or to relapse of infection, despite antimicrobial treatment. We report two cases of lactobacillus endocarditis in individuals with native bicuspid aortic valves who survived without relapse and review the 39 other cases reported in the literature. In only 15 previously reported cases ...
Epstein M - - 1992
Two young children whose presentation with necrobacillosis caused considerable diagnostic difficulty resulting in referral to an oncology unit are described. In both cases their severe suppurative multisystem illness was complicated by pancytopenia. One had bone marrow infarcts and severe endocarditis in addition to pulmonary involvement and the other had osteitis ...
Gradon J D - - 1992
A case of community-acquired infective endocarditis of a native valve that was caused by Acinetobacter calcoaceticus subspecies anitratus is presented. The previously reported cases are reviewed, and therapy for this disorder is discussed. The presence of a transient maculopapular rash involving the palms and soles but sparing the face is ...
Choo P W - - 1992
Four cases of Salmonella prosthetic valve endocarditis have been reported previously in the English medical literature (Fraser et al. 1967; Yamamoto et al., 1974; Shanson et al., 1977; Bassa et al., 1989). This report describes a fifth case in a 62-year-old woman who developed tricuspid valve endocarditis after an episode ...
Senba M - - 1992
The authors report a case of endocarditis caused by Candida parapsilosis. To the best of our knowledge, a case has not been described previously in Japan in the English literature. A battery of 8 peroxidase-labeled lectins was tested on sections of paraffin-embedded tissue to determine which lectin could be used ...
Reddy BSN
A case of subcutaneous phycomycosis occurring in a 2 &#x00BD; year old child is reported for its rarity, clinical interest and paucity of literature. The condition failed to resolve with conventional antimycotics but improved with the administration of concomitant pyrexial therapy.
Askenasy J J - - 1992
Every new empiric observation made over two millenia fueled the dispute as to whether hiccup (Hc) is a digestive or a respiratory reflex. A review of the literature, focusing attention on the probable mechanism of Hc, shows Hc as a neurogenic dysfunction of the 'valve function' between the inspiratory complex ...
Chirurgi V A - - 1991
Enterococci frequently cause endocarditis and are the most common gram-positive isolates in polymicrobial bacteremia. We report three cases of polymicrobial endovascular infections at a single institution during a 12-month period; the enterococcal isolates were highly resistant to penicillins. These cases comprised 18% of all enterococcal endovascular isolates during the same ...
Chao C H - - 1991
A total of 99 cases of viridans streptococcal endocarditis encountered during the period of 1973 and 1990 at the Veterans General Hospital-Taipei were reviewed to evaluate its prognostic factors. Applying strict clinical and laboratory criteria, 24 cases were categorized as definite, 44 probable, 23 possible and 8 likely. The symptoms ...
Ascher D P - - 1991
We describe 10 new cases of bacteremia due to Stomatococcus mucilaginosus and review eight other cases that have been described in the literature. The most common clinical presentations were endocarditis, catheter-related infection, and septicemia. Commonly associated risk factors were intravenous drug abuse, cardiac valve disease, the presence of foreign bodies ...
Norfleet R G - - 1991
Infectious endocarditis is a feared complication of procedures causing bacteremia. Gastrointestinal procedures cause bacteremia, but are seldom followed by infectious endocarditis. Of nine cases found in the English literature, only five have convincing evidence that endocarditis resulted from the gastrointestinal procedure. I present a new case of endocarditis due to ...
Rudniki C - - 1991
Staphylococcus epidermidis (SE) is the leading pathogen of prosthetic valve endocarditis. At the same time it is a very rare cause of native valve endocarditis and it follows a clinical course and outcome similar to Streptococcal viridans endocarditis. We report here the case of a 41-year-old man with a community ...
Ong K R - - 1991
We describe a case of Aeromonas hydrophila endocarditis in a 66-year-old man with myelodysplastic syndrome and non-A, non-B hepatitis, The infection resolved with antibiotic therapy, but the patient succumbed to complications of his underlying illness. This is the second case of Aeromonas endocarditis reported in the world literature.
Harrell S - - 1991
A case of presumed psychosis in a 16-year-old Taiwanese girl is examined to show the role of performance in creating meaning in a plural medical system. The case illustrates that there is no necessary correspondence between diagnoses, authorities, and therapies; that consensus, if achieved at all, is tenuous and context-dependent; ...
Kaye G C - - 1990
Central venous cannulation is a commonly used technique in the management of seriously ill patients. In experienced hands, the complication rate is low and primarily includes sepsis, thrombosis and local trauma. For chronic indwelling central venous catheters, thrombus formation within the right atrium has been described, particularly in premature infants, ...
Alessandri N - - 1990
Seven cases of infective endocarditis (IE) in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) are presented in this report. The previous literature is critically reviewed, and the following points are discussed: (a) IE complicates HOCM in 5-9% of cases; (b) anatomical and haemodynamic alterations of HOCM cause microtraumas on heart valves ...
Foster E - - 1990
A case of streptococcal sanguis endocarditis temporally related to a transesophageal echocardiogram is reported; and the literature on the incidence of bacteremia occurring during transesophageal echocardiography is reviewed. On the basis of this case and review of the literature, a reevaluation of the current guidelines for endocarditis prophylaxis during this ...
Patterson R - - 1990
Diagnosis and particularly the management of erythema multiforme and Stevens-Johnson syndrome are controversial in medical textbooks and thus in individual cases. In these diseases, fatalities may result from various causes, including secondary infection or visceral organ damage to lung, liver, or kidneys. We present a series of 13 cases managed ...
Allred B J - - 1990
A case of subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis due to Exophiala jeanselmei, probably the first reported in New Zealand, is presented. This infection initially presented as two asymptomatic swellings overlying the left wrist of a 70 year old farmer with chronic respiratory and cardiovascular disease. A two month course of ketoconazole therapy proved ...
Bullaboy C A - - 1990
Although still considered to be a rare and mostly fatal illness, the reported incidence of neonatal bacterial endocarditis has increased during the past decade. This parallels the establishment of intensive supportive management of severely ill newborns with multiple medical problems. An extremely difficult diagnostic problem with protean manifestations, the presence ...
Kawamoto T - - 1989
A 43-year-old woman who had Candida endocarditis with saddle embolism underwent mitral valve replacement and resection of infected aorta. Only 7 persons with fungal endocarditis with saddle embolism have been reported in the literature, and all of them died. We report a case of successful treatment of this lethal complication ...
al-Mudallal D S - - 1989
The case of a young shepherd with Brucella melitensis aortic valve endocarditis is presented. His illness ran an afebrile course and was also complicated by disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), nephritis, hepatitis and peritonitis, all of which responded well to supportive measures and a combination of tetracycline, trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole and amikacin sulphate. ...
Jean-Pierre H - - 1989
Staphylococcus schleiferi is a new species of coagulase-negative staphylococcus first described in April 1988 (J. Freney, Y. Brun, M. Bes, H. Meugnier, F. Grimont, P. A. D. Grimont, C. Nervi, and J. Fleurette, Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 38:168-172, 1988). There are few data in the literature on its pathogenicity. We ...
Valliattu J - - 1989
We report a case of brucella endocarditis on a native aortic valve causing severe aortic regurgitation, uncontrolled heart failure and disseminated intravascular coagulopathy. The diagnosis was proven by positive serology, isolation of Brucella melitensis from preoperative blood cultures and excised valve. The patient was successfully treated with valve replacement and ...
Magotra R - - 1989
A case report is presented of a child in whom there was gross tricuspid insufficiency due to marked dysplasia of the tricuspid valve. This patient received prosthetic valve replacement in tricuspid position with excellent post-operative improvement. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of a ...
Rocha M P - - 1989
This report describes the first documented case of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae endocarditis in Latin America. The patient was a 51-years-old male, moderate alcoholic, with a previous history of aortic failure. He was used to fishing and cooking as a hobby and had his left hand wounded by a fish-bone. The disease ...
Kiwan Y - - 1989
We report a case of infective endocarditis due to Cardiobacterium Hominis. This organism has rarely been recognized in the past as a human pathogen on the cardiac valves. This patient escaped early diagnosis, but he was successfully treated with parenteral ampicillin followed by elective aortic and mitral valve replacement. The ...
Wong C K - - 1989
Cor triatriatum presenting in adulthood is extremely rare. This paper reports a case of cor triatriatum initially masquerading as mitral stenosis, which was later complicated by myxomatous mitral valve degeneration with severe regurgitation, which necessitated mitral valvular replacement. To the authors' knowledge, such a combination has not been reported in ...
Prystowsky J H - - 1989
This article summarizes the management of 22 cases of pyoderma gangrenosum over the past four years at the hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. Eighteen patients with pyoderma gangrenosum were studied using the most sensitive routine laboratory method for detection of monoclonal immunoglobulins, immunofixation electrophoresis. Four cases of IgA ...
Lewis J A - - 1989
Tunnelled silicone rubber right atrial catheters are commonly used to administer long-term total parenteral nutrition (TPN), cancer chemotherapeutic agents, and antimicrobial agents. The indwelling devices potentiate platelet-fibrin thrombi formation, providing a nidus for infection. Although many episodes of sepsis associated with thrombotic tunnelled catheters respond to antimicrobial therapy alone, a ...
Deuvaert F E - - 1989
This article reports a case of leaflet embolization of a mitral Edwards-Duromedics prosthesis. The patient had abrupt onset of acute pulmonary edema and was initially treated medically for 3 days. Fluoroscopy showed only one freely moving leaflet and the other was (incorrectly) assumed to be blocked in the closed position. ...
Hong-Barco P - - 1988
A case of endocarditis associated with six entrapped endocardial pacer leads is presented. Because of many failed attempts at removing them by conservative measures, cardiopulmonary bypass was needed; concomitant redo coronary bypass grafts were done. To our knowledge, this represents a unique case, the like of which has not been ...
Maki D G - - 1988
The enterococci, members of the group D streptococci and the predominant aerobic streptococci of the gastrointestinal and female genital tracts, have long been recognized as significant pathogens in infective endocarditis. Over the past 2 decades, enterococci have become increasingly important nosocomial pathogens, related to their intrinsic resistance to many antibiotics, ...
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