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Results 301 - 350 of 421
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Castanet J - - 1992
We report two cases of cellulitis of the legs occurring in adults where Escherichia coli (E. coli) was, or probably was, the causative bacterial agent. E. coli and other gram-negative bacilli cellulitis are rarely reported. However, in cellulitis, the causative microorganism is rarely identified, and some cases of E. coli ...
Chartash E K - - 1992
Four cases of septic subdeltoid bursitis are described. Clinical presentations, microbiology, and therapies are reviewed for these cases as well as for the six previously reported cases in the literature. The etiology of septic subdeltoid bursitis was related to bacteremia, trauma, or immune incompetence. Compared with septic oelcranon and prepatellar ...
Griffiths J K - - 1992
Endocarditis caused by lactobacilli may lead to death or to relapse of infection, despite antimicrobial treatment. We report two cases of lactobacillus endocarditis in individuals with native bicuspid aortic valves who survived without relapse and review the 39 other cases reported in the literature. In only 15 previously reported cases ...
Epstein M - - 1992
Two young children whose presentation with necrobacillosis caused considerable diagnostic difficulty resulting in referral to an oncology unit are described. In both cases their severe suppurative multisystem illness was complicated by pancytopenia. One had bone marrow infarcts and severe endocarditis in addition to pulmonary involvement and the other had osteitis ...
Gradon J D - - 1992
A case of community-acquired infective endocarditis of a native valve that was caused by Acinetobacter calcoaceticus subspecies anitratus is presented. The previously reported cases are reviewed, and therapy for this disorder is discussed. The presence of a transient maculopapular rash involving the palms and soles but sparing the face is ...
Choo P W - - 1992
Four cases of Salmonella prosthetic valve endocarditis have been reported previously in the English medical literature (Fraser et al. 1967; Yamamoto et al., 1974; Shanson et al., 1977; Bassa et al., 1989). This report describes a fifth case in a 62-year-old woman who developed tricuspid valve endocarditis after an episode ...
Senba M - - 1992
The authors report a case of endocarditis caused by Candida parapsilosis. To the best of our knowledge, a case has not been described previously in Japan in the English literature. A battery of 8 peroxidase-labeled lectins was tested on sections of paraffin-embedded tissue to determine which lectin could be used ...
Reddy BSN
A case of subcutaneous phycomycosis occurring in a 2 &#x00BD; year old child is reported for its rarity, clinical interest and paucity of literature. The condition failed to resolve with conventional antimycotics but improved with the administration of concomitant pyrexial therapy.
Askenasy J J - - 1992
Every new empiric observation made over two millenia fueled the dispute as to whether hiccup (Hc) is a digestive or a respiratory reflex. A review of the literature, focusing attention on the probable mechanism of Hc, shows Hc as a neurogenic dysfunction of the 'valve function' between the inspiratory complex ...
Chirurgi V A - - 1991
Enterococci frequently cause endocarditis and are the most common gram-positive isolates in polymicrobial bacteremia. We report three cases of polymicrobial endovascular infections at a single institution during a 12-month period; the enterococcal isolates were highly resistant to penicillins. These cases comprised 18% of all enterococcal endovascular isolates during the same ...
Chao C H - - 1991
A total of 99 cases of viridans streptococcal endocarditis encountered during the period of 1973 and 1990 at the Veterans General Hospital-Taipei were reviewed to evaluate its prognostic factors. Applying strict clinical and laboratory criteria, 24 cases were categorized as definite, 44 probable, 23 possible and 8 likely. The symptoms ...
Ascher D P - - 1991
We describe 10 new cases of bacteremia due to Stomatococcus mucilaginosus and review eight other cases that have been described in the literature. The most common clinical presentations were endocarditis, catheter-related infection, and septicemia. Commonly associated risk factors were intravenous drug abuse, cardiac valve disease, the presence of foreign bodies ...
Norfleet R G - - 1991
Infectious endocarditis is a feared complication of procedures causing bacteremia. Gastrointestinal procedures cause bacteremia, but are seldom followed by infectious endocarditis. Of nine cases found in the English literature, only five have convincing evidence that endocarditis resulted from the gastrointestinal procedure. I present a new case of endocarditis due to ...
Rudniki C - - 1991
Staphylococcus epidermidis (SE) is the leading pathogen of prosthetic valve endocarditis. At the same time it is a very rare cause of native valve endocarditis and it follows a clinical course and outcome similar to Streptococcal viridans endocarditis. We report here the case of a 41-year-old man with a community ...
Ong K R - - 1991
We describe a case of Aeromonas hydrophila endocarditis in a 66-year-old man with myelodysplastic syndrome and non-A, non-B hepatitis, The infection resolved with antibiotic therapy, but the patient succumbed to complications of his underlying illness. This is the second case of Aeromonas endocarditis reported in the world literature.
Harrell S - - 1991
A case of presumed psychosis in a 16-year-old Taiwanese girl is examined to show the role of performance in creating meaning in a plural medical system. The case illustrates that there is no necessary correspondence between diagnoses, authorities, and therapies; that consensus, if achieved at all, is tenuous and context-dependent; ...
Kaye G C - - 1990
Central venous cannulation is a commonly used technique in the management of seriously ill patients. In experienced hands, the complication rate is low and primarily includes sepsis, thrombosis and local trauma. For chronic indwelling central venous catheters, thrombus formation within the right atrium has been described, particularly in premature infants, ...
Alessandri N - - 1990
Seven cases of infective endocarditis (IE) in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) are presented in this report. The previous literature is critically reviewed, and the following points are discussed: (a) IE complicates HOCM in 5-9% of cases; (b) anatomical and haemodynamic alterations of HOCM cause microtraumas on heart valves ...
Foster E - - 1990
A case of streptococcal sanguis endocarditis temporally related to a transesophageal echocardiogram is reported; and the literature on the incidence of bacteremia occurring during transesophageal echocardiography is reviewed. On the basis of this case and review of the literature, a reevaluation of the current guidelines for endocarditis prophylaxis during this ...
Patterson R - - 1990
Diagnosis and particularly the management of erythema multiforme and Stevens-Johnson syndrome are controversial in medical textbooks and thus in individual cases. In these diseases, fatalities may result from various causes, including secondary infection or visceral organ damage to lung, liver, or kidneys. We present a series of 13 cases managed ...
Allred B J - - 1990
A case of subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis due to Exophiala jeanselmei, probably the first reported in New Zealand, is presented. This infection initially presented as two asymptomatic swellings overlying the left wrist of a 70 year old farmer with chronic respiratory and cardiovascular disease. A two month course of ketoconazole therapy proved ...
Bullaboy C A - - 1990
Although still considered to be a rare and mostly fatal illness, the reported incidence of neonatal bacterial endocarditis has increased during the past decade. This parallels the establishment of intensive supportive management of severely ill newborns with multiple medical problems. An extremely difficult diagnostic problem with protean manifestations, the presence ...
Kawamoto T - - 1989
A 43-year-old woman who had Candida endocarditis with saddle embolism underwent mitral valve replacement and resection of infected aorta. Only 7 persons with fungal endocarditis with saddle embolism have been reported in the literature, and all of them died. We report a case of successful treatment of this lethal complication ...
al-Mudallal D S - - 1989
The case of a young shepherd with Brucella melitensis aortic valve endocarditis is presented. His illness ran an afebrile course and was also complicated by disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), nephritis, hepatitis and peritonitis, all of which responded well to supportive measures and a combination of tetracycline, trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole and amikacin sulphate. ...
Jean-Pierre H - - 1989
Staphylococcus schleiferi is a new species of coagulase-negative staphylococcus first described in April 1988 (J. Freney, Y. Brun, M. Bes, H. Meugnier, F. Grimont, P. A. D. Grimont, C. Nervi, and J. Fleurette, Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 38:168-172, 1988). There are few data in the literature on its pathogenicity. We ...
Valliattu J - - 1989
We report a case of brucella endocarditis on a native aortic valve causing severe aortic regurgitation, uncontrolled heart failure and disseminated intravascular coagulopathy. The diagnosis was proven by positive serology, isolation of Brucella melitensis from preoperative blood cultures and excised valve. The patient was successfully treated with valve replacement and ...
Magotra R - - 1989
A case report is presented of a child in whom there was gross tricuspid insufficiency due to marked dysplasia of the tricuspid valve. This patient received prosthetic valve replacement in tricuspid position with excellent post-operative improvement. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of a ...
Rocha M P - - 1989
This report describes the first documented case of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae endocarditis in Latin America. The patient was a 51-years-old male, moderate alcoholic, with a previous history of aortic failure. He was used to fishing and cooking as a hobby and had his left hand wounded by a fish-bone. The disease ...
Kiwan Y - - 1989
We report a case of infective endocarditis due to Cardiobacterium Hominis. This organism has rarely been recognized in the past as a human pathogen on the cardiac valves. This patient escaped early diagnosis, but he was successfully treated with parenteral ampicillin followed by elective aortic and mitral valve replacement. The ...
Wong C K - - 1989
Cor triatriatum presenting in adulthood is extremely rare. This paper reports a case of cor triatriatum initially masquerading as mitral stenosis, which was later complicated by myxomatous mitral valve degeneration with severe regurgitation, which necessitated mitral valvular replacement. To the authors' knowledge, such a combination has not been reported in ...
Prystowsky J H - - 1989
This article summarizes the management of 22 cases of pyoderma gangrenosum over the past four years at the hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. Eighteen patients with pyoderma gangrenosum were studied using the most sensitive routine laboratory method for detection of monoclonal immunoglobulins, immunofixation electrophoresis. Four cases of IgA ...
Lewis J A - - 1989
Tunnelled silicone rubber right atrial catheters are commonly used to administer long-term total parenteral nutrition (TPN), cancer chemotherapeutic agents, and antimicrobial agents. The indwelling devices potentiate platelet-fibrin thrombi formation, providing a nidus for infection. Although many episodes of sepsis associated with thrombotic tunnelled catheters respond to antimicrobial therapy alone, a ...
Deuvaert F E - - 1989
This article reports a case of leaflet embolization of a mitral Edwards-Duromedics prosthesis. The patient had abrupt onset of acute pulmonary edema and was initially treated medically for 3 days. Fluoroscopy showed only one freely moving leaflet and the other was (incorrectly) assumed to be blocked in the closed position. ...
Hong-Barco P - - 1988
A case of endocarditis associated with six entrapped endocardial pacer leads is presented. Because of many failed attempts at removing them by conservative measures, cardiopulmonary bypass was needed; concomitant redo coronary bypass grafts were done. To our knowledge, this represents a unique case, the like of which has not been ...
Maki D G - - 1988
The enterococci, members of the group D streptococci and the predominant aerobic streptococci of the gastrointestinal and female genital tracts, have long been recognized as significant pathogens in infective endocarditis. Over the past 2 decades, enterococci have become increasingly important nosocomial pathogens, related to their intrinsic resistance to many antibiotics, ...
King J W - - 1988
To better understand the microbiology, anatomy, and demography of infectious endocarditis, we devised a prospective statewide reporting system to study these infections. Because our study design required accurate diagnosis, reliable case reporting, and a high probability of physician-to-case exposure, we enlisted the help of cardiologists, cardiovascular surgeons, and infectious disease ...
Yamamoto K - - 1988
A newly developed thrombus imaging agent, 67Ga-DFO-DAS-fibrinogen (67Ga-fibrinogen), was used for 22 studies in 20 cases of suspected deep venous thrombosis. Increased accumulation of 67Ga-fibrinogen in venous thrombi was depicted at 48 h after injection in 10 of the 15 cases (10 of 17 studies) who showed abnormal findings in ...
Gallagher P G - - 1988
34 cases of Listeria monocytogenes endocarditis reported in the literature from 1950-1986 were reviewed. The male to female ratio was 2: 1. The average age was 49 years, and 35% of patients were 60 years of age or older. A single case of polymicrobial endocarditis was identified. There were 8 ...
Gay M - - 1987
Psychogenic habit cough--a condition that can be debilitating if it extends over a period of years--has been described in both pediatric and adolescent populations, but not in adults. The authors review the cases of 4 adult patients with this condition, review the available pediatric/adolescent literature, and make suggestions for the ...
Stein D S - - 1987
Three cases of endocarditis due to nutritionally deficient (variant) streptococci are presented and the literature is reviewed. In all of the cases reviewed, the patient presented with an indolent subacute course. Prior heart disease was present in 90% of the patients, embolization occurred in 27%, relapse after therapy in 17%, ...
Young S E - - 1987
Comparing data relating to the estimated incidence of infective endocarditis and deaths due to this condition highlights the changing age and sex patterns over the last 50 years. Using these data it is estimated that about 20 cases per million population per year can now be expected many of whom ...
Garzia R P - - 1987
In this paper the major optometric, ophthalmologic, and orthoptic literature on the efficacy of vision therapy for amblyopia has been surveyed. Over the past four decades there are many examples of the successful treatment of amblyopia in the form of well documented individual case reports or large sample studies. Although ...
Wren C - - 1987
His bundle tachycardia is a rare arrhythmia in infants and children and is resistant to therapy. There is now sufficient evidence from reported cases and a further patient reported below to suggest that drug management of this arrhythmia is a reasonable alternative to His bundle ablation with life-long pacing from ...
Alfonso E - - 1987
We evaluated three cases of Pseudomonas aeruginosa corneoscleritis, one associated with the use of contaminated eyedrops; another in an elderly, debilitated patient; and the third in a patient who had previously undergone penetrating keratoplasty. In the first two cases, control of the infection was achieved by intensive antibiotic therapy alone. ...
Manso E - - 1987
A case of subacute bacterial endocarditis was caused by Cardiobacterium hominis in a 55-year-old man who had a history of rheumatic fever. A survey of the literature showed few reports dealing with the isolation of these organisms from human sources. Microbiologically, the chief distinguishing features of C. hominis are its ...
Davies S P - - 1987
The second documented case of renal aspergilloma due to Aspergillus flavus is presented. The merits of the medical therapy that failed are discussed. Pathological examination showed a nidus of aspergillus around suture material persisting from a pyelolithotomy operation 2 years before in India. We argue that this was the reason ...
Freeman R - - 1986
Twenty-five consecutive unequivocal cases of Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis in a single centre over 5 years were reviewed. Despite an unusually high proportion of prosthetic infections an early mortality of only 16% was observed. Analysis reveals that early diagnosis and prompt effective antibiotic chemotherapy were important factors in achieving this low ...
Pierce M A - - 1986
Q fever endocarditis, which is seen most often in Great Britain and Australia, has been rarely observed in the United States. A patient with an eight month febrile illness who had signs and symptoms of endocarditis and serologic studies diagnostic of Q fever endocarditis is reported. A history of extensive ...
Anaissie E - - 1986
Two cases of disseminated fungal infection due to Fusarium species, that occurred during a 4-month period, are reported. Both patients had a myeloproliferative disorder for which they had received intensive cytotoxic and immunosuppressive therapy, and both died despite treatment with amphotericin B. This report and review of the recent literature ...
Zarrabi M H - - 1986
All splenectomized individuals are at risk of developing pneumococcal sepsis, but most reports fail to mention how many patients are given prophylactic penicillin therapy. Fourteen reported cases of postsplenectomy bacterial sepsis in patients receiving prophylactic penicillin therapy are reviewed. In only five cases, the patients had penicillin-sensitive pneumococcal infection. Hence, ...
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