Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 421
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Gutiérrez-Díaz E - - 2001
PURPOSE: To report a case of Propionibacterium acnes endophthalmitis in a patient with an Ahmed glaucoma valve. CASE REPORT: A nine-year-old boy with bilateral congenital glaucoma, with an Ahmed glaucoma valve implanted in the left eye, had recurrent conjunctival dehiscence and endophthalmitis. RESULTS: Vitreous cultures demonstrated the presence of Propionibacterium ...
Bisharat N - - 2001
The rarity of anaerobic gram-negative endocarditis limits the ability of physicians to define its prognosis. Two cases of endocarditis due to Bacteroidesfragilis are described, and a review of the English literature for all cases of anaerobic gram-negative endocarditis reported since 1940 is presented. The disease predominantly affects males. Clinical features ...
Siegel M - - 2001
Streptococcus pneumoniae has been a rare cause of endocarditis in the postantibiotic era. The emergence of antibiotic-resistant Pneumococcus species has been accompanied by isolated reports of penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae (PRSP) endocarditis. We report a case of bivalvular PRSP endocarditis that was treated with vancomycin and trovafloxacin, and we review the ...
Scherschun L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Diltiazem hydrochloride is a widely used calcium channel blocking agent. While a few cases of diltiazem-associated photosensitivity have been reported, no cases of photodistributed hyperpigmentation are known. OBSERVATION: Four cases of photodistributed hyperpigmentation associated with the long-acting formulation of diltiazem hydrochloride (Cardizem CD) are presented. All patients were African ...
Lunn J V - - 2001
We report three cases of flexor sheath infection due to Streptococcus milleri in two patients. Soft tissue damage was extensive despite surgical debridement and appropriate antibiotic therapy. One patient had two digits amputated and the other had the affected digit amputated at the level of the proximal interphalangeal joint. These ...
Mohsen A H - - 2001
Propionibacterium acnes is a constituent of the normal skin flora. It has been described as causing infection on prosthetic valves but very rarely on native valves. We describe a case of aggressive P. acnes endocarditis in a healthy 36-y-old man which infected a native aortic valve and was complicated by ...
Bowers J - - 2001
A case of infective endocarditis involving the vestigial eustachian valve is presented and the available English medical literature is reviewed. Only 5 prior cases have been reported: 4 of those required transesophageal echocardiography for diagnosis, and the other was found at autopsy. This clinical entity is routinely missed on transthoracic ...
Okuyama Y - - 2001
Cutaneous protothecosis developed in a 63-year-old Japanese female. The patient had a long history of steroid use for bronchial asthma. A tender, swollen, erythematous plaque with white papules covered the dorsal aspect of the patients right hand. Histopathological examination showed typical protothecosis with numerous mulberry-like sporangia positive for periodic acid-Schiff ...
Anaf V - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The most important clinical infections caused by Streptococcus Bovis are bacteremia and endocarditis. Usually, Streptococcus Bovis bacteremia has been described in association with bowel pathology. CASE REPORT: A 67-year-old woman with an history of endometrial cancer Ic was admitted with the suspicion of peritonitis at examination. At exploratory laparotomy, ...
Friedman N D - - 2001
We report a case of olecranon bursitis due to Mycobacterium goodii in a 60-year-old man. Prior to recognition of his infection, he received intrabursal steroids and underwent olecranon bursectomy. His infection was cured with antimicrobial therapy consisting of doxycycline and ciprofloxacin. This case illustrates that previously unrecognized members of the ...
Teong H H - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Coagulase-negative staphylococci, commonly Staphylococcus epidermidis, cause 5% of native valve endocarditis. We describe a case due to Staphylococcus lugdunensis, a coagulase-negative staphylococcus identified in 1988, as a first report in Southeast Asia. It was previously misidentified as S. aureus because it is sometimes slide coagulase positive, but always tube ...
Peetermans W E - - 2000
Campylobacter fetus subspecies fetus has a predilection for vascular endothelium. This report describes a case of a prosthetic valve infective endocarditis due to this microorganism. Despite adequate antibiotic combination treatment, valvular vegetations and perivalvular suppurative complications evolved, leading to valvular dysfunction, heart failure and death. Only three other cases of ...
Tam V H - - 2000
Once-daily administration of aminoglycosides (ODA) is effective and safe for many indications. By optimizing pharmacodynamic principles, it enhances bactericidal activity and minimizes toxicity. Its use for the treatment of enterococcal infection is controversial, however, and results of in vitro studies and animal models of endocarditis are conflicting. To date, no ...
McGlinchey P G - - 2000
We report the first documented case in the literature of hereditary angioedema presenting after commencement of estrogen replacement therapy for menopausal symptoms. The late presentation of the disease and the precipitation of attacks by physiological doses of estrogen replacement therapy make this a highly unusual case. The pathophysiology of hereditary ...
Hedayat K M - - 2000
Quadricuspid pulmonic valve is a rare congenital anomaly which appears to occur in the absence of other cardiac or systemic anomalies. It predominates in males and tends to be clinically quiescent. The first case of quadricuspid pulmonic valve in a live newborn infant diagnosed by two-dimensional echocardiography is presented here ...
Sheng W H - - 2000
Bacteremia due to Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae is rare; the most common presentation reported in the literature is endocarditis. We report a 32-year-old man with oropharyngeal cancer who developed aspiration pneumonia and E. rhusiopathiae bacteremia, and presented with fever, chills, dyspnea, and productive cough with purulent sputum. Despite treatment with amoxicillin/clavulanate and ...
Hemmer W B - - 2000
We report a case of leaflet escape in an Edwards-TEKNA bileaflet valve, in the mitral position. The examination findings of the explanted valve are compared with a similar case of leaflet escape in an original Edward-Duromedics prosthesis. Based on our findings alone, it is not certain whether the TEKNA valve ...
Heaven D J - - 2000
Only four cases of tricuspid stenosis related to endocardial pacemaker leads have been reported. Two further cases associated with perforation of a tricuspid valve leaflet by a pacemaker lead are presented: a 46 year old woman and a 60 year old man. It is possible that tricuspid valve disease related ...
Check J H - - 2000
There have been previously published several anecdotal cases of women in apparent or imminent ovarian failure who subsequently ovulated and became pregnant. Many of these women had been treated with estrogen. A series of cases were reported where women with hypergonadotropic hypogonadism who failed to stimulate despite gonadotropin therapy were ...
Harris G D - - 2000
Bacterial endocarditis is a life-threatening disease. Before the advent of antibiotics, its mortality rate was nearly 100%, but with today's diagnostic and therapeutic advances, it can be successfully managed in most cases. In this article, Drs Harris and Steimle explain the changes that occur when someone, who usually has an ...
Alliot C - - 2000
Rhodotorula species are commensal yeasts of variable pathogenicity. The authors report the case histories of two patients presenting with febrile neutropenia. The first was a 3-year-old girl who had been treated with combination chemotherapy for a tumour of the posterior fossa. The second was a 46-year-old man who had received ...
Gilbey J G - - 2000
Although various forms of Aspergillus disease are not uncommonly encountered in lung transplant recipients, Aspergillus endocarditis has never been reported. A case of Aspergillus endocarditis in a lung transplant recipient is presented here and is among 10 total cases reported in the solid organ transplant literature. This case is used ...
Castedo E - - 1999
Bacillus cereus is a ubiquitous organism that often contaminates microbiological cultures but rarely causes serious infections. Reports of B. cereus endocarditis are infrequent. Infection in patients with valvular heart disease is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. We describe a case of B. cereus endocarditis involving a mechanical mitral prosthesis ...
Marazziti D - - 1999
Based on previous evidence that trazodone may have antiobsessional properties, the authors assessed trazodone augmentation of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) therapy in five cases of obsessive-compulsive disorder. All patients showed symptomatic improvement after trazodone was added to treatment with various SSRIs, and in many cases, trazodone also improved the ...
Cohen A D - - 1999
Occurrence of skin lesions during long-term therapy with hydroxyurea are well described, but there have been only a few case reports of longitudinal melanonychia associated with hydroxyurea treatment. We report herein longitudinal melanonychia associated with hydroxyurea therapy in a subject with essential thrombocytosis. The prolonged time lapse (1 year) between ...
Assa A - - 1999
We describe 2 patients with acute demyelinating brainstem encephalitis who were treated with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). Both patients improved rapidly, concomitant with the course of therapy. To the best of our knowledge, these are the first reported cases of brainstem demyelinating lesions in children treated with IVIG. Our experience suggests ...
Chetboul V - - 1999
Definitive diagnosis of mitral and aortic valvular endocarditis in a dog was based on echocardiograpic findings and was then confirmed by positive blood culture. Abdominal ultrasound examination revealed a renal abcess. This case illustrates that echocardiography associated with abdominal ultrasound has become an essential tool for the diagnosis of bacterial ...
Watanabe T - - 1999
Polysomnographic findings and clinical symptoms were investigated in 14 cases of upper airway resistance syndrome. The mean scores of the Epworth sleepiness scale and self-rating depression scale in eight cases were 13.5 and 38.6, respectively. The mean sleep latency of the multiple sleep latency test in four cases was 10.2 ...
Smrcek J M - - 1999
Longitudinal observations of tricuspid valve regurgitation were prospectively performed in 22 singleton fetuses with normal anatomy, normal biometry and normal Doppler to determine the characteristics of functional tricuspid valve regurgitation. Tricuspid valve regurgitation was semi-quantified by spatial and temporal Doppler-derived parameters. In 18 cases tricuspid valve regurgitation was part-systolic (early ...
Rastogi S - - 1998
Pseudomonas luteola is an aerobic, Gram negative rod, formerly classified as CDC group Ve-1 and Chryseomonas luteola. It is an uncommon clinical isolate. A previously healthy 59-year-old homosexual man with facial cellulitis and Pseudomonas luteola bacteremia is reported. Previously reported cases of P. luteola bacteremia have occurred in association with ...
Syed A A - - 1998
We report a case of non-tuberculous tenosynovitis of the wrist caused by Mycobacterium malmoense. The patient presented with a ganglion-like swelling on the flexor aspect of the wrist. The diagnosis was confirmed by fine needle aspiration biopsy. A satisfactory resolution was obtained by antibiotic therapy alone, indicating that radical synovectomy ...
Goff J S - - 1998
A case of severe diarrhea and hypergastrinemia after 6 wk of lansoprazole therapy is presented. This represents the only fully evaluated report of severe diarrhea due to lansoprazole and comes to the interesting conclusion that it was a secretory diarrhea likely due to lansoprazole and not a gastrinoma or another ...
Chim C S - - 1998
We report a case of fungal endocarditis due to Aspergillus terreus in a leukaemia patient who received a bone marrow allograft from a matched unrelated donor. He presented with persistent fever. microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia but there was no cardiac signs and symptoms. He died despite intravenous amphotericin B. Review of ...
Cassada D C - - 1998
Symptomatic peripheral septic embolism is a rare systemic complication of infective endocarditis. This case report describes abdominal pain secondary to a septic pseudoaneurysm in the distal superior mesenteric artery. Presentation, imaging, surgical intervention, and histologic evaluation are described, and a review of recent literature relating to this phenomenon is outlined.
Ferraz V - - 1998
We report a case of endocarditis and associated paravalvular abscess due to Rothia dentocariosa which did not respond to antibiotic therapy. Nine case reports describing endocarditis caused by this organism, formerly thought to be non-pathogenic, have been recorded in the literature. The isolates were extremely sensitive to penicillin, and eight ...
Fefer J J - - 1998
Bacterial endocarditis due to Lactococcus garvieae is extremely unusual, and may actually be underreported due to its morphologic and biochemical similarities with enterococci. Only three cases have been reported in the medical literature, and all involved prosthetic valves. We report a case of native valve bacterial endocarditis caused by L. ...
Dwarakanathan A A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To report three cases of hyperthyroidism encountered within a period of 32 months in patients receiving lithium therapy for depression. METHODS: Three detailed case reports are presented, and the related literature is discussed. RESULTS: Although hypothyroidism during lithium therapy is well recognized and documented, appearance of cases of hyperthyroidism ...
Ali A S - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The clinical impact of echocardiographic demonstration of a vegetation (Veg) in patients in whom infective endocarditis (IE) is not suspected has not previously been analyzed. HYPOTHESIS: In this study, an echocardiographic database was interrogated to test whether discovery of a vegetation by echocardiography should result in treatment for endocarditis ...
Aronin S I - - 1998
Streptococcus pneumoniae is an infrequent cause of infectious endocarditis in adults. In the past 2 years, however, we have encountered several cases at our institution, and additional cases have been reported in the literature. This infection typically follows pneumonia in the setting of chronic alcoholism and may additionally be complicated ...
Thórsson B - - 1998
Over the last decade, an increase in invasive infections due to Moraxella catarrhalis has been reported. We have analysed 58 cases of bacteraemia due to M. catarrhalis reported in the literature and 3 cases found in Iceland, a total of 61 cases. Patients with bacteraemia could be divided into 3 ...
Esplen M J - - 1998
Bulimia nervosa (BN) has been described as involving impairment in affect regulation and in self-soothing. Such a conceptualization suggests the need to design treatments that specifically target these problems in order to assist individuals with BN in comforting themselves. A model of guided imagery therapy suggests that imagery therapy has ...
De Broux E - - 1997
Mycotic pseudoaneurysms of upper extremities are an infrequent complication of endocarditis. We describe a case of mycotic pseudoaneurysm of the superficial palmar arch in a patient who had acute bacterial endocarditis. We discuss operative and pathologic findings and briefly review the literature on the subject.
Mong K - - 1997
Infective endocarditis is an uncommon complication of obstetrical and gynecological practice and has not been reported in the literature to be associated with Papanicolaou smears. The authors report a nonintravenous drug user who developed group B streptococcal endocarditis of the tricuspid valve following a routine Papanicolaou smear. She required surgical ...
Cuturic M - - 1997
Toxoplasmosis can cause polymyositis either by reactivation or by recent infection. Inconsistent response to antiprotozoal therapy has been the strongest argument against toxoplasmic polymyositis as a separate entity. We report a biopsy-proven case of toxoplasmic polymyositis in a cardiac transplant patient presenting with a severe proximal weakness, myopathic, electromyographic changes ...
Lamas C C - - 1997
We analyzed 118 consecutive cases of pathologically proven infective endocarditis (100 cases of native valve endocarditis [NVE] and 18 cases of prosthetic valve endocarditis [PVE]) with use of the Beth Israel criteria, the Duke criteria, and our suggested modifications of the Duke criteria; we found improved diagnostic sensitivity with our ...
McNab A A - - 1997
Well-recognized risk factors for zygomycosis include diabetic ketoacidosis, immunocompromise, and deferoxamine therapy for iron or aluminum overload, usually in patients undergoing kidney dialysis. We report a case of fatal nasal-orbital-cerebral zygomycosis in an 82-year-old man with known myelodysplasia and well-controlled diabetes. He was not receiving deferoxamine. Despite radical surgery and ...
Breathnach A S - - 1997
Two cases of bartonella endocarditis are described: one in a 55 year old homeless alcoholic man, caused by Bartonella quintana; the other in a 41 year old male with a history of exposure to cat fleas, caused by B henselae. Serological testing and polymerase chain reaction of the excised valves ...
Temesvari A - - 1997
To assess normal prosthetic mitral valve function, multiplane transesophageal Doppler echocardiographic studies were performed on 22 patients with Monostrut tilting disk valves. Mean follow-up after implantation was 63 +/- 12 months. Two holosystolic red low-velocity regurgitant jets were detected in all but one case. The length of these jets ranged ...
Amyot R - - 1997
A 63-year-old man with salmonella endocarditis of a ventricular aneurysm is presented. The patient had a documented apical aneurysm with mural thrombus and left ventricular dysfunction following a previous myocardial infarction. His condition was unresponsive to maximal medical therapy and was cured by surgery. A review of the English-language literature ...
Reich J D - - 1997
Torulopsis glabrata is a yeastlike fungus that has recently become recognized as an important opportunistic pathogen. Only four cases of T glabrata infection in neonates have been reported. We report two cases of fungemia caused by this organism in premature infants. Both patients were treated with amphotericin B and survived ...
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