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Branger S - - 2005
Described here are seven new cases of infective endocarditis due to Escherichia coli, including four involving prosthetic valves, followed by a review of similar cases in the literature. The review identified cases according to the modified Duke's criteria and revealed 16 cases reported before 1960, 5 between 1960 and 1980, ...
Quinlan Kathryn E - - 2005
Longitudinal melanonychia is a common phenomenon, known to be the result of numerous etiologies. Transverse melanonychia, on the other hand, is uncommon. It has been reported in association with conventional x-ray therapy, psoralen plus ultraviolet A, infliximab, zidovudine, antimalarials, and several chemotherapeutic agents. We report 3 cases of transverse melanonychia ...
Abrams Dominic J R - - 2005
Congenital anomalies of the tricuspid valve, and/or its supporting apparatus, leading to severe tricuspid regurgitation are rare. Although well tolerated in early childhood, long-standing and progressive volume loading of the right heart leads to symptoms of decreased exercise tolerance, and may predispose to arrhythmias in the long term. We report ...
Pesavento P A - - 2005
In a 5-year retrospective study of dogs presenting to the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital at the University of California, Davis, there were 31 histologic diagnoses of valvular endocarditis. By polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of embedded valvular tissue, Bartonella organisms were exclusively associated with 6 out of 31 cases (19%). ...
Indrani S - - 2005
We describe an antenatally diagnosed case of unguarded tricuspid valve in a 15-week fetus. Because of its rarity, the differentiation of this anomaly from other tricuspid valve dysplasias is difficult. Tricuspid regurgitation is the hallmark of Ebstein's anomaly and other tricuspid valve abnormalities, whereas in unguarded tricuspid orifice there is ...
Houpikian Pierre - - 2005
To identify the current etiologies of blood culture-negative infective endocarditis and to describe the epidemiologic, clinical, laboratory, and echocardiographic characteristics associated with each etiology, as well as with unexplained cases, we tested samples from 348 patients suspected of having blood culture-negative infective endocarditis in our diagnostic center, the French National ...
Nagaraja P A - - 2005
The incidence of endocarditis produced by the so-called "opportunists" as a complication of prosthetic valve surgery is progressively increasing in frequency and gradually transforming the clinical picture habitually associated with this disease. Candida endocarditis is an unusual but severe complication caused by Candida albicans or other fungal species. This case ...
Dow Claire - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Papillary fibroelastoma is a rare, benign cardiac valve tumour, which can mimic conditions such as atrial myxoma and infective endocarditis. CASE REPORT: An elderly lady presented with shortness of breath and chest pain and a mass on echocardiogram, which was confirmed on surgical excision to be a papillary fibroelastoma. ...
Gerrah Rabin - - 2005
We describe herein a case of bioprosthetic valve malfunction, which closely imitates a stuck valve. Although the term "stuck" was used originally for the immovable mechanical valve leaflets, the echocardiographic manifestation of this malfunction is similar to those of a mechanical one. The clinical presentation of the stuck bioprosthesis is, ...
Aouba Achille - - 2004
Aseptic endocarditis or/and endomyocardial fibrosis are rarely reported in Behçet's disease. We report on a case of a 21-year-old man living in Algeria, revealed by verrucous tricuspid valvulitis extending to the ventricular endomyocardium and complicated with right heart failure, initially misdiagnosed and treated as infective endocarditis occurring on rheumatic cardiac ...
Loudon Sjoukje E - - 2004
PURPOSE: To identify the variation within and consistency amongst orthoptists when prescribing occlusion therapy for amblyopia in an objective survey. METHODS: A questionnaire was designed with five case examples of amblyopic children and distributed at annual meetings of orthoptists in The Netherlands and Germany. It was filled in simultaneously within ...
Pokharel Dipesh - - 2004
PURPOSE: To report a case of group B streptococcus (GBS) endogenous endophthalmitis in a patient presenting with septic arthritis and a homonymous hemianopsia due to embolic stroke. DESIGN: Observational case report. METHODS: A 75-year-old woman with septic arthritis and a homonymous hemianopsia due to embolic stroke was examined and found ...
Bhally H S - - 2004
Scedosporium apiospermum (Pseudallescheria boydii) is a ubiquitous saprophytic mold. It is considered an infrequent but important and emerging human pathogen, mostly in immunocompromised hosts. Otomycosis secondary to S. apiospermum is extremely rare. We report an 8-year-old immunocompetent male who developed otitis media and otitis externa from S. apiospermum, which was ...
Romero Gómez M P - - 2004
We describe a case of infective endocarditis in a prosthetic mitral valve due to Ochrobactrum anthropi. Although O. anthropi is an emerging pathogen in immunocompromised patients, infections with the bacterium have very rarely been documented in healthy hosts, and endocarditis is rare. To our knowledge, only two cases of O. ...
Makaryus Amgad N - - 2004
Listeria monocytogenes is a gram-positive bacillus that is rarely associated with infections in the general population. Those susceptible to this pathogen include neonates, pregnant women, and the immunocompromised. The most common clinical manifestations of listeriosis are bacteremia and meningitis. Endocarditis caused by L. monocytogenes is rare with less than 60 ...
El-Hamamsy Ismaīl - - 2004
Aspergillus endocarditis is an ominous condition whose prevalence is increasing in the hospital population. Despite the life-threatening nature of the disease, detection of the source, establishment of the diagnosis, and treatment remain highly challenging. A cluster of three cases of Aspergillus endocarditis recently encountered at the Montreal Heart Institute are ...
Sandoe Jonathan A T - - 2004
Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a fastidious, Gram-negative rod that forms part of the normal oral flora of dogs and cats. Known for its ability to cause fulminant sepsis following dog bites, particularly in asplenic patients or alcoholics, this bacterium is also an uncommon cause of endocarditis. This article reviews 12 cases ...
Choi Margaret - - 2004
We report a case of pediatric pneumococcal endocarditis (PPE) and review the English language literature on this disease. Thirty-two cases of PPE were identified since 1900. One-fourth of these were reported since 1990. Clinical features differed from adult cases, with mitral valve involvement being more frequent and Osler's triad rarely ...
Miguel-Yanes Jose M De - - 2004
In 1998 we presented 1 successfully treated case of Listeria monocytogenes prosthetic valve endocarditis and made a review of all the cases that had been published to date. We carry out an up-to-date review through Pub-Med of every case of Listeria monocytogenes prosthetic valve endocarditis; mortality rate is calculated and ...
Gönen Can - - 2004
Until now, only 12 cases of prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by Salmonella spp. have been reported in the English literature. High complication and mortality rates, a fulminant course and the requirement for early surgical intervention deserve special attention in this kind of infective endocarditis. A new case of Salmonella prosthetic ...
Millar Beverley C - - 2004
Infective endocarditis (IE) is associated with a high degree of morbidity and mortality and generally presents in patients with altered and abnormal heart architecture combined with exposure to bacteria through trauma and other potentially high-risk activities, including body piercing. Modern social behaviour has resulted in increased popularity of the practice ...
Bee P C - - 2003
Pancytopaenia is a rare clinical presentation of severe leptospirosis. We would like to report a case of severe leptospirosis that progressed to pancytopaenia despite initial penicillin therapy. The patient needed a second course of antibiotic with doxycycline to improve his persistent symptoms and cytopaenia. Persistent pancytopaenia in severe leptospirosis and ...
Kinsara Abdulhalim Jamaluddeen - - 2003
Prosthetic valve thrombosis (PVT) is a dreaded complication of patients with mechanical valves, particularly those in the mitral position. The diagnosis is based on the clinical presentation, supported by echocardiography. As it provides a sustained benefit with low rates of embolization, thrombolyic therapy is a good non-invasive alternative to surgical ...
Riesbeck Kristian - - 2003
Prevotella bivia is mainly associated with endometritis. The case of a patient with paronychia in a thumb due to P. bivia resulting in osteitis and amputation is reported. The species was not acknowledged in the first bacterial culture 2 weeks before surgery.
Sharma Shobha - - 2003
DESIGN: To report the second known case of post-traumatic endophthalmitis caused by Neisseria subflava. DESIGN: Interventional case report. METHODS: A two-year-old child with post-traumatic corneal laceration and uveal prolapse required medical and surgical therapy for endophthalmitis caused by multiple organisms including N. subflava. RESULTS: After aggressive therapy, patient had a ...
Seenivasan M H - - 2003
Reported here is a successfully treated case of native mitral valve endocarditis caused by Staphylococcus lugdunensis and a review of 47 similar cases reported in the English literature. In the literature review, perineal skin flora appeared to be the source of the organism in patients with endocarditis. Staphylococcus lugdunensis is ...
Feder Henry M HM - - 2003
We report 2 cases of Haemophilus parainfluenzae endocarditis and review 34 cases of HACEK endocarditis from the literature. HACEK organisms are the most common cause of Gram-negative endocarditis in children. They have a propensity to form friable vegetations (especially H. parainfluenzae) that break off and cause symptomatic emboli. HACEK endocarditis ...
Haddow L J - - 2003
We describe a case of infective endocarditis due to Neisseria elongata, and review the literature. N. elongata is a constituent of the normal oral flora and a rare cause of infective endocarditis. Unfamiliarity with the organism and its rod-shaped morphology may lead to a delay in microbiological diagnosis. Although the ...
Sandroni Stephen - - 2003
Endocarditis associated with vascular access catheters for hemodialysis (HD) is a catastrophic but not widely appreciated phenomenon. Its current incidence, clinical outcome, and associated costs are not easily ascertained. Increasing use of tunneled catheters for HD access may result in a larger pool of patients at risk for endocarditis. We ...
de Corla-Souza André - - 2003
We report an illustrative case of a 60-year-old man with Streptococcus viridans subacute bacterial endocarditis (SBE) and positive antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies (c-ANCA). C-ANCA positivity has been associated with a variety of rheumatic and infectious disease areas, but has been rarely associated with SBE. The patient had mitral valve prolapse with ...
Boudewijns M - - 2003
Rothia dentocariosa is a rare cause of endocarditis. It occurs most frequently in patients with prior heart conditions. Although the clinical course is typically subacute, it has a high rate of complications. In particular, the reported incidence of mycotic aneurysms is as high as 25%. Penicillin is the treatment of ...
Benes J - - 2003
Reported here is a case of infective endocarditis caused by the saprophytic species Neisseria cinerea. To the best of our knowledge, this etiology has not been documented in the medical literature previously. The patient was an intravenous drug addict who developed tricuspid endocarditis with lung embolism. The disease was cured ...
Astudillo L - - 2003
Aerococcus urinae is an uncommon urinary tract pathogen which causes infections predominantly in elderly persons with local and general predisposing conditions. There are few case reports of severe infections caused by Aerococcus urinae among which only 14 cases of endocarditis caused by Aerococcus urinae have been reported. We report the ...
Crespo Antonio - - 2003
BACKGROUND: We describe a case and review ten other instances of group B streptococcal endocarditis in the setting of obstetric and gynecologic practice reported since the last review in 1985. CASE: Abortion remains a common antecedent event, but in contrast to earlier reports, most patients did not have underlying valvular ...
Watkin R W - - 2002
Reported here is a case of Eikenella corrodens aortic valve infective endocarditis presenting as a stroke in a previously healthy 31-year-old man. The patient had no evidence of structural heart disease and reported no history of intravenous drug use or recent dental treatment. There are no other cases reported in ...
Tokuda Y - - 2002
Infectious endocarditis following cardiac surgery, particularly that caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus, aureus is a rare and highly lethal complication. We report a case of a 2-year-old girl who developed methicillin-resistant S. aureus endocarditis and mediastinitis following the intracardiac repair of tetralogy of Fallot using Dacron patches. The patient enveloped severe ...
Merchant Shehzad S - - 2002
Infection of the hepatobiliary system is most commonly due to enteric bacteria. We report three unusual cases of acute cholecystitis in which Staphylococcus aureus was the primary pathogen. Infection of the gallbladder with this organism has been rarely described and may be associated with gallstones and obstructive disease as well ...
Gavin Patrick J - - 2002
Phialemonium species are grouped by most authorities among the dematiaceous fungi. Like several other darkly pigmented fungi, they appear to be an emerging cause of human disease, especially in the immunocompromised host. As numbers of immunocompromised patients increase, the trend of unusual fungi emerging as new pathogens is set to ...
Mondy Kristin E - - 2002
Rhinocerebral mucormycosis (RCM) is an invasive fungal infection that necessitates, in most cases, aggressive surgical debridement and high cumulative, often nephrotoxic doses of amphotericin B. A 50-year-old woman with RCM was treated successfully with amphotericin B lipid complex as primary therapy. The patient previously had displayed progressive intracranial involvement and ...
Jones Rebecca May - - 2002
We describe a case of native valve endocarditis caused by Staphylococcus lugdunensis, a perineal skin commensal, and review 28 other cases from the medical literature. Correctly identifying this coagulase-negative organism is critical because endocarditis is usually associated with left sided valvular disruption and life-threatening embolic complications, reminiscent of disease caused ...
Olalla J - - 2002
Endocarditis due to Mycobacterium fortuitum complex is a rare entity generally linked to the hospital environment. Only 18 cases have been published since 1966. Here we present a case of a female who developed an endocarditis due to Mycobacterium chelonae after valve replacement as well as a review of the ...
Houpikian Pierre - - 2002
Fifteen cases of Q fever endocarditis that occurred in 1999-2000 in southern France are described and compared with 15 cases from the same area reported in 1987. Significant decreases were found in the prevalences of heart failure, hepatomegaly, inflammatory syndrome, anemia, leukopenia, and abnormal liver function test results in patients ...
Knox Karen L - - 2002
The nondiphtheriae corynebacteria are uncommon but increasingly recognized as agents of endocarditis in patients with underlying structural heart disease or prosthetic-valves. We describe three cases of nosocomial endocarditis caused by nondiphtheriae corynebacteria, including the first reported case of Corynebacterium amycolatum, endocarditis. These all occurred in association with indwelling intravascular devices.
Wijetunga Mevan - - 2002
Nutritionally Variant Streptococci (NVS) were first grouped under viridans streptococci, although they differed from the latter by variant growth characteristics. NVS cause approximately 5% of cases of bacterial endocarditis. Infective endocarditis caused by NVS has a higher rate of complications than endocarditis caused by other viridans streptococci. Recently NVS were ...
Salamon Suheil Andreas - - 2002
Three cases of non-endocarditis-associated Rothia dentocariosa bacteraermia occurred in Viborg County within the space of a year, whereas no cases have been registered in other parts of Denmark during the last 10 y. Two patients wore dentures but had no history of oral infection, while in the last patient a ...
Crum Nancy F - - 2002
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a gram-negative bacillus that is increasingly associated with serious nosocomial infections, especially in immunocompromised patients; however, the occurrence of endocarditis due to this organism is rare. This report describes a case of S. maltophilia endocarditis associated with a central venous catheter. The literature on Stenotrophomonas endocarditis is ...
Liao Peggy B - - 2002
Annular pustular psoriasis (APP) is a rare form of pustular psoriasis with a chronic recurrent course and good prognosis. We report three cases of APP in children, two of whom were siblings. Review of the medical literature reveals that a disproportionately high percentage of cases of APP occur in children. ...
Altiparmak Mehmet Riza - - 2002
Although mild proteinuria is commonly observed during the course of brucellosis, biopsy-proven glomerulonephritis (GN) is quite rare. We present the first case of mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis (MCGN) associated with brucellosis and summarize all cases of Brucella GN published to date. Our patient, who had a congenital bicuspid aortic valve, also had ...
Gulati M - - 2001
We report a case of a 38-year-old woman with a prosthetic mitral valve who presented with multiple embolic events. Transesophageal echocardiography was used to diagnose nonobstructive thrombi on the prosthetic valve. She underwent successful thrombolytic therapy. The patient was discovered to be in a hypercoagulable state, which probably was caused ...
Go C H - - 2001
Acute bacterial endocarditis is commonly caused by Staphylococcus aureus. Acute bacterial endocarditis due to S. aureus is often complicated by metastatic infection to distant organs, i.e. the central nervous system, the heart, lungs, kidneys and joints. However, metastatic lymph node involvement has not been reported. This is a case report ...
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