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Mani Reeta Subramaniam RS Department of Neuromicrobiology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore, India. - - 2008
We report a case of cerebral phaeohyphomycosis caused by Scytalidium dimidiatum (synanamorph Nattrassia mangiferae) in a young, apparently immunocompetent Indian male. Etiological diagnosis was made by recovery of the fungus in culture and histopathological examination. The infection proved fatal despite aggressive antifungal therapy.
Kettani M - - 2008
The authors report the case of a young girl with a Carpentier-Edwards annuloplasty ring for severe rheumatic mitral disease who presented 4 years later with mitral restenosis due to commissural fusion. She underwent successful percutaneous mitral commissurotomy with an Inoue balloon. Technical specificities and the safety of the procedure are ...
Chawla Arun - - 2008
Symptomatic presentation of orthotopic ureterocele in infancy is very rare and its association with posterior urethral valves has not been reported till date. The first such case and a review of the literature on anomalies in association with posterior urethral valves is presented.
Buckler Bradley S - - 2008
The current standard of care for a fungal central venous catheter infection in a pediatric patient usually requires removal without any other feasible options. Although removal may reduce the rate of Candida-associated complications, literature reviews question whether the outcomes of removal substantiate this being the standard of care. We report ...
Noman Fatima - - 2008
The case report of a young male with Endocarditis caused by Moraxella lacunata is presented. Although a well recognized cause of keratitis, conjunctivitis, and sinusitis; very few cases of endocarditis by this rare pathogen are reported in literature. Patient showed a prompt response when empirical therapy was de-escalated to penicillin, ...
Jitmuang Anupop - - 2008
Primary actinomycotic endocarditis is extremely rare. The author reported a case who suffered from endocarditis due to Actinomyces georgiae which the portal of entry for the organism could not be determined The author also reviewed the literature which described similar conditions. In addition, to the author's knowledge, there have been ...
Assche Anthony F Van - - 2008
A 40-year old Indigenous woman with a history of mitral valve replacement was admitted to the Royal Darwin Hospital, Northern Territory, for an elective cone biopsy of the cervix. During the admission, she had recurrent fever and joint pain of the left knee. Blood was cultured, and she was treated ...
Hsiao Ju-Feng - - 2008
We report a case of Neisseria elongata endocarditis with thalamic septic embolization and subsequent brain abscess formation, which to the best of our knowledge has never been reported in the literature. The brain abscess completely resolved after a surgical repair of the infected mitral valve and an additional 4 weeks ...
Tran MaryAnn P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus intermedius is a member of the Streptococcus anginosus group. Clinical disease with S. intermedius is characterized by abscess formation and rarely endocarditis. Identification of Streptococcus intermedius is difficult, leading to the development of molecular methods to more accurately identify and characterize this organism. CASE PRESENTATION: Over a period ...
Mays Kara L - - 2008
Music therapy is the use of musical interventions in a therapeutic setting to accomplish health-related goals. Descriptions of music therapy exist in the peer-reviewed literature and indicate potential use of music therapy in treatment of patients with addiction disorders. This systematic review describes and compares the types of music therapy ...
Male Kishore Reddy - - 2008
It is normal to have patients to present with agitation to the emergency department. The history could be suggestive of the diagnosis in most. When an apparently healthy young man comes to the hospital agitated, without any history of fever or trauma, it is not an easy one to diagnose. ...
Patel S - - 2008
Distal arterial embolisation and subsequent aneurysm formation are rare occurrences and most are secondary to trauma. We have found no case reports that describe posterior tibial aneurysm formation secondary to bacterial endocarditis. We report the case of a 47-year-old Caucasian man who, 2 years after an episode of subacute bacterial ...
Lamoth Frédéric - - 2008
Polyomavirus-associated nephropathy (PVAN) is a serious complication and cause of graft loss in kidney transplant recipients. In the absence of specific antiviral drugs, early detection of the disease and reduction of immunosuppressive regimen is the cornerstone of therapy. Cidofovir, a nucleoside analogue, has been found to inhibit BK virus (BKV) ...
Garzoni C - - 2007
Fungal endocarditis (FE) is an uncommon disease, and while accounting for only 1.3-6% of all cases of infectious endocarditis, it carries a high mortality risk. Although Candida albicans represents the main etiology of FE, C. parapsilosis is the most common non-albicans species. We report the case of a 32-year-old man ...
Kaur Vasha - - 2007
We describe a case of electromechanical dissociation (EMD) in a 62-year-old female patient following insertion of a Medtronic Hall mitral valve prosthesis. She initially developed pulsus alternans which led, over a few hours, to intermittent electromechanical dissociation. Clinical and echocardiographic findings are described. Emergency surgical intervention revealed a piece of ...
Regules Jason A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Burned patients are at high risk for invasive procedures, bacteremia, and other infectious complications. Previous publications describe high incidence, delayed diagnosis, and high mortality for endocarditis in burned patients, but do not address use of contemporary diagnostic criteria. Further analysis of the clinical presentation and diagnosis may aid in ...
Mauer Uwe Max - - 2007
OBJECT: In patients with hydrocephalus, the pressure settings of a Medos Hakim programmable valve may require adjustments even months after implantation. In some cases, however, adjustment proves to be impossible. The object of this study was to illuminate the reasons for reprogramming failures. METHODS: Data pertaining to the authors' experience ...
Gubler C - - 2007
We describe a case of cerebral aspergillosis which was successfully treated with a combination of caspofungin and voriconazole. The patient remains in remission 18 months after stopping antifungal treatment. We discuss primary and salvage therapy of invasive aspergillosis with focus on cerebral involvement. Since historical data showed a fatal outcome ...
Vedire Shilpa - - 2007
Infective endocarditis with Fusobacterium necrophorum (F necrophorum) as the sole pathogen has been reported only once previously in an infant. We describe herein a case of F necrophorum endocarditis in a 20-year-old, previously healthy man. This is the first reported case of monomicrobial F necrophorum endocarditis in an adult.
Tuon Felipe F FF Department of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, School Of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Cerqueira, Sao Paulo, Brazil. - - 2007
Rhodotorula spp. are emergent opportunistic pathogens, particularly in immunocompromised individuals. They have been associated with endocarditis, peritonitis, meningitis endophthalmitis and catheter-associated fungemia. The aim of this study was to review all cases of central venous catheter-related fungemia due to Rhodotorula spp. reported in the literature in order to determine the ...
Iwasaki Junya - - 2007
"Thermie" therapy is one of the folk remedies in Japan and is mainly done by rubbing the skin with special instruments. The therapy is believed to relieve several symptoms which include pain, common cold and ileus. We report here the first two cases of thermie dermatosis in the English published ...
Ahanchi Sadaf S - - 2007
Since its discovery, nitric oxide (NO) has emerged as a biologically important molecule and was even named Molecule of the Year by Science magazine in 1992. Specific to our interests, NO has been implicated in the regulation of vascular pathology. This review begins with a summary of the molecular biology ...
Giannitsioti E - - 2007
Current epidemiological trends of infective endocarditis (IE) in Greece were investigated via a prospective cohort study of all cases of IE that fulfilled the Duke criteria during 2000-2004 in 14 tertiary and six general hospitals in the metropolitan area of Athens. Demographics, clinical data and outcome were compared for nosocomial ...
Srinivas Upendra - - 2007
Imatinib mesylate therapy in CML patients is a generally well tolerated without any significant hematological adverse drug effects. However, complications like anemia and cytopenias have been described in literature. A very few case reports of bone marrow aplasia following imatinib therapy have been reported so far. We here report five ...
Rizos Ioannis - - 2007
A rare case of prosthetic valve endocarditis from Acinetobacter spp occurring 9 months postoperatively is described. The patient initially received empirical therapy against pathogens commonly associated with prosthetic valve endocarditis, but his condition did not improve. Identification of bacteremia due to Acinetobacter spp was not attributed to any of the ...
Yang Chin-Ying - - 2007
Rothia dentocariosa, a pleomorphic, fastidious, Gram-positive rod, is a normal inhabitant of the oropharynx. It is a well-known causative agent of dental plaques and periodontal disease. Generally regarded as of low virulence to humans, R. dentocariosa has been increasingly recognized as a pathogen in adults and often associated with infective ...
Kennie Natalie - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of rosiglitazone-associated elevation in creatine kinase (CK) and coexisting myalgias and review other cases identified in the literature. CASE SUMMARY: A 42-year-old man originally from Sri Lanka developed an elevated CK, with peak concentrations of 1671 U/L (normal <160) and myalgias following 5 months of ...
Brancaccio Gianluca - - 2007
We report a case of a seven-yr-old girl with a PAH treated with continuation therapy of bosentan and sildenafil. The combination therapy revealed safety and efficacy in long-term follow up.
Alsobhi Enaam M - - 2007
Myeloma involvement of the nervous system is rare. Extensive literature review revealed only a few cases reported from different parts of the world. The presence of CNS symptoms and detection of plasma cells in the CSF is the usual basis of diagnosis. In addition, immunoelectrophoresis and immunofixation for detection of ...
Tsigrelis Constantine - - 2007
Infective endocarditis due to vancomycin-resistant (VR) Enterococcus faecalis has only rarely been reported. We report a case of VR E. faecalis endocarditis that failed to respond to linezolid therapy, outline the virulence traits of the isolate, and review previously published cases of VR E. faecalis endocarditis.
Engström A - - 2006
We report the case of inadvertent malpositioning of a pacemaker lead in the left ventricle. The lead went through an open foramen ovale from the right to the left atrium and through the mitral valve into the left ventricle. After a review of the literature, we decided to anticoagulate the ...
Collison Sathiakar Paul - - 2006
Infective endocarditis caused by atypical mycobacteria, especially Mycobacterium fortuitum, is rare. Most reported cases involve diseased valves or prosthetic heart valves. Only four cases of native valve endocarditis caused by this organism have been previously reported. Herein is reported a case of native valve endocarditis caused by M. fortuitum; the ...
Barkan Daniel - - 2007
We describe a case of Streptococcus viridans endocarditis in a 17-year-old female with congenital ventricular septal defect, that followed shortly after performing naval piercing. She was eventually treated with penicillin with complete recovery. We review other cases from the literature of piercing-associated endocarditis, and suggest that individuals at particularly high ...
Kouyialis Andreas T - - 2006
One of the reasons for shunt infection is valve erosion through the skin. In such cases, it is common practice to instantly relocate the shunt to avoid infection. We present a 77-year-old female patient with a 15-month history of hydrocephalus valve extrusion. Despite her poor mental status, clinical condition and ...
Yasin Abul, Zekaver Odabasi, ...
Infective Endocarditis caused by Streptococcus bovis   may usually be associated with gastrointestinal pathologies, particularly colon cancer. S. bovis endocarditis may cause higher rates of neurological complications and more extensive valvular destruction compared to other microorganisms. This case report describes a patient with a recent history of rectal adenocarcinoma diagnosed ...
Takasaki Kenji - - 2006
We report a case of unusual presentation of actinomycosis in the tonsil causing massive unilateral enlargement in a 78-year-old female. To our knowledge, only three cases of actinomycosis causing unilateral tonsillar enlargement have been published previously. Since this anaerobic organism is difficult to culture, the diagnosis is made by observing ...
Al Dahouk Sascha - - 2006
Human brucellosis is a multiple organ disease that presents with fever and is most often transmitted via contaminated, unpasteurized goat milk and cheese. In chronic cases, focal complications (eg, spondylitis, neurobrucellosis and endocarditis) are frequently seen. Although the disease may be severely debilitating, the mortality rate is low. Fatal cases ...
Trevelyan J - - 2006
The optimal diagnostic method for patent foramen ovale is currently unclear. This study compared bubble contrast second harmonic transthoracic (TTE) and transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) on 87 consecutive patients referred for TOE for all indications. A right left shunt was diagnosed in 34 cases (39%), with TTE positive in 26 cases ...
Nagaraja, P. A.
The incidence of endocarditis produced by the so-called "opportunists" as a complication of prosthetic valve surgery is progressively increasing in frequency and gradually transforming the clinical picture habitually associated with this disease. Candida   endocarditis is an unusual but severe complication caused by Candida albicans   or other fungal species. ...
Kanbay Mehmet - - 2006
Esophageal involvement of pemphigus vulgaris (PV) had been considered an exceptional event. We present the case of a woman with PV who developed esophageal involvement while being treated with azathioprine and resolved after steroid therapy. This case highlights that esophageal involvement of PV might be resistant to immunosuppressive therapy other ...
Turner S G - - 2006
The treatment of hydrocephalus has benefited recently from the use of programmable shunt valves. These devices can be adjusted using magnets to regulate how much spinal fluid is drained. However, it is unclear to what extent other environmental magnetic sources can affect programmable valves. We present the case of a ...
Kumar Sanjay - - 2006
The valvular heart disease in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Current therapy includes symptomatic measures and valve replacement. Overall mortality of valve replacement has been reported to be as high as 25%. Most cases of Libman-Sacks endocarditis in the literature reported dominant aortic regurgitation. ...
Deyell Marc W - - 2006
The case of a 31-year-old man from Alberta diagnosed with Q fever endocarditis is presented. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first case of Q fever endocarditis diagnosed in the province of Alberta. The patient had undergone open valvulotomy for congenital aortic stenosis as an infant. He presented with ...
Matthys Charlotte C Dienst Klinische Chemie, Microbiologie en Immunologie, Universitair Ziekenhuis Gent, De Pintelaan 185, B-9000 Gent, België. - - 2006
Viridans streptococci are known as an important cause of endocarditis, but at present no cases of endocarditis caused by Streptococcus cristatus have been published, probably because phenotypic identification of viridans streptococci is tedious. Using tDNA-PCR, it is possible to identify to species level and to differentiate between species of the ...
Papadopoulos Stella - - 2006
The use of daptomycin has been associated with an elevation in creatine phosphokinase level, with a reported incidence of 2.8% in phase III clinical trials. Published case reports have documented the presence of myopathy in patients who received daptomycin; however, there have been no previously reported cases of rhabdomyolysis in ...
Verma Punam - - 2006
We report the first case of endocarditis caused by Gordonia polyisoprenivorans and concisely review the English literature regarding bloodstream infections caused by Gordonia species.
Krishnan Anand - - 2006
PURPOSE: We reviewed the literature to better elucidate the history behind our understanding of the anatomy, classification and embryology of posterior urethral valves. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A directed MEDLINE literature review of the anatomy, classification and embryology of posterior urethral valves was performed. An effort was made to focus on ...
Auzary C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To report on several patients with subacute bacterial endocarditis who were initially presumed, incorrectly, to have polymyalgia rheumatica or giant cell arteritis. METHODS: We report 3 cases of subacute streptococcal endocarditis mimicking giant cell arteritis in 2 cases and polymyalgia rheumatica in one. We reviewed the literature through Medline ...
Szilagyi Andrew A Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Sir Mortimer B Davis Jewish General Hospital, McGill University School of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec. - - 2006
Vascular malformation (AVM) in the gastrointestinal tract is an uncommon, but not rare, cause of bleeding and iron deficiency anemia, especially in an aging population. While endoscopic coagulative therapy is the method of choice for controlling bleeding, a substantial number of cases require additional therapy. Adjunctive or even primary phamacotherapy ...
Chirinos Julio A - - 2007
We report a case of subacute bacterial endocarditis associated with small vessel vasculitis and a strongly positive cytoplasmic antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (c-ANCA) test. It is important to recognize this cause of positive c-ANCA because infectious endocarditis may closely mimic the clinical manifestations of ANCA-associated vasculitides such as Wegener granulomatosis or ...
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